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3 1833 01801 6508 













Hobc olim rfieminisse juvdbit. — Virgil. 



rnixTXD and published by the editqk, 
St ti)t jFrftnfclin Preesf, 












SEPTEMBER 13, 1814, 

And died in defence of their altars and fire sides, their 
"wives arid their little ones;" 



m f)0 preserbeU tins Cttj) from pltm&er ana conflagration 









gnH* tt W 'M&f® @<*BS& 

Adamj, the corvette 

Agriculture, progress of 

Aiding the enemy 

Algiers. piftODtf l at 

Alligator, the jclir. 

Allen Darby, a British cap*. 

Allston, governor 

Allied troops in France 

Allen, capt. 


Annual appropriation hill 

American prisoner* 48 215 281— prizes 

Argus, the Vi *. brig 

Arnutrong, gen. Hie privateer 


ylrmj/ nnd Xavy 

Am. Juice 

Architecture, naval 

„ . . B 


tk-fenees of 

falsehood res|\ctif>Z 

Banby Francis 
•U3AWs T (,fCpJu.mb£ 

16? 195 









442 444 


59 153 211 281 372 431 


H04 43o 

388 4^5 




12, 07, 175 407 

408 418 


1 431 

J3 37 

" • • - • u 

B anks, of Pennsylvania 

of Massachusetts 
of New Orleans 
Barclay, capt. 
Bassett, sailing master 
Battle on the Thames 

on lake Erie 
Baker, capt. 
Batteries, floating 
Baxter's machinery 
Bayard— see ministers 
Bentley William 
Bibles, prize 

Bill to repeal the embango Sec. 
Bissel, col. 46— general 
Bigelow, Mr. 
Blue Lights 
Bonaparte, Napoledn 

Boston— fisherman 3; "molt" 100; 

presents to Berry 














8» 115 













182 220 












u,)nur> kuidfe 
ftgiirbon family 
Bridgewnter, battle of 
British prisoners 12, escape 

plot at Chilicothe 


lit. Cudcc, Paul 
'■", D 

112 ' Decatur, coin. 
I Deed to YV. Penn 

11 Desha, Mr. 

13 Detroit 

781 ol the assi.l. his. ;.;.' | [] 

I 387 '105— of gen. [sari 

179 406 1 388— of the navy depart' 

jo,i; ment 390 

97 Gejff) : Ml', bis address to the 

14G 241 4U 



force on the Niagara 

blockades 39 

statistics 48 316 

adjudications 67 

livid marshal's pay 104 
execution 104 

Officials 11M49 181 223 - 
242 370 402 412 430 433 
wealth 1 1 8 

faction 1 75 

brutality 210 3*6 

seamen - ib 

386 422 
13 369 

344 43? 

146 5*41 423 

242 359 

68 391 

reinforcements 265 299 
319 335 337 369 384 

390 415 440 


East India ship 
Broke, sir Philip 
Brown, general. 344 368 392 

399 428 
Buenos Ayres 

Campbell, col. 
Calhoun's speech 
Capel, capt. 

Canals, by Mr. Woodward 
136 — X. Y. com. 153, 
report of Morris & Ful- 
ton 167 
Cadiz 227 
Canada legislature 66 114 
Canada papers— see Quebec 

and Montreal, and 426 

Caracas 152 432 

Cayuga lake 152 

Challenge of the president by 
the gov. of St. Augus- 
tine! 102 
Champlain, the Iake46— na* 

vai force 132 179 214 415 447 

— frontier 412 440 

Chataguay 37 

■never, Mary, pensioned 42 

Chesapeake, the enemy in the 

69 103 150 
Chesapeake frigate 104— trial 
of officers 314 

— — r flotilla 113 244 264 

268 300 318 
Chrrokees 1 8 

Chinese 425 

Chicago 221 

Chippewa 336 344 355 368 

I 370 338 392 399 4C2 412 430 
Chjbcothe ... 13 

Civi.iiation 216 

Clay, Mr. see ministers, &c. 
Clark, col. 102 

Clark, Mary Anne 168 

Coekburn, . 133 279 

Coubwtt 296 307 353 

[ Coflii,, s i r i saac 319 

Cochrane, admiral 
Commercial notice 

Compliment, dishonorab] 
Confederation of the Rhine 
Congress 15 33 41 77 96 110 
Constellation frigate 
Consritm,,,,, frigate 
Constitution ajid Java 35 

Copper com, btybert mption 

42 7 
Cotton, culture of 33 1 

Courts martial 66 359 

J-d'e, La 131 149 

Connecticut [river] 133 gov. 
speech l'jj election 199 
nul.tia 411 

Courtesy 270 

v.ioek Indians 37 1 15 130 175 

1»! Desci'terii 12 102 279 280 367 44) ! Gennessee river 
;;5 iDewit Clinton 408- Ghent 

'•'• 7 Dextel'j Miv 9< Gold, export ol 

39 : Dill, capt. 376 ! Good government 

4 ' Diane? at New York to com. ! Gore, Mr. his resolutions 
Rogers 44— at Baltimore 101 ! Goshen butter 
at Baltimore to gen. j Gratiot, tort 

Winder 11 Gregory, lieut. 

to col. Pearce, at liar- I Grundy, Mr. 

rishurg 44 Gucrriere, frigate 

capt. Stewart, at Sa- 
lem 1 12 
to the crew of the Es- 
sex 391 
2l 7 ,Diomede privateer 47 194 
224 Division orders of gen. Smith 431 
Documents respecting "Mun- 



46 66 
3 IS 







Gun boat action 224 241— the 
utility of them 243— No. 


treaty" 201 2-8 2.51 



Tohn D. 


35 y H itch, capt. 
430 ' Harmony, Pa. 
^ () Q ! Havti-royal gazette 
393 /'Head money," 
j Historical curiosity 

i° 5 |Hislop, gen- 

Hilyar, com. 

Holmes, capt. 

139 1 
353 j 
81 115 
46 367 

Dover village 
Drummond, lieut. gen. 
353 Duelling punished 
359 1 Bunions, case of the 
359 366: r , 

! -C 

' Eastern, Middle, Southern 
Eastern coast 

Eastport 371 388 406 427 j Hints to manufacturers 

Editorial— retrospect 1 

'Elba 247 272 334 

j Embargo 67 77 96 100 104 1 10 j j-JostaV' 
Emigration 32 0| Hull gen. 102 [trial] 152 192 

k ,ltT *>\ , . . 440 [defence] 

Enterprise, the brig 
English laws 

Entiles at the custom house 
Eppes, Mr. 

Erie, British report of the 
battle 181 

fort 336 337 4i> 

Penn. 390 39: 

Essex frigate 167 213 224 337 

338 J47 350 351 419 427 446 
Junior 34 1 


440 1 

6! '| Husseys, the 


u\ I 

y& j Italy, kioguom ol 6 

Illinois territory 39.4 

Impressment, (cases of) 67 

102 179 221 3.7 
— — report of the secreta- 
ry of stale, 121 
Independence 74 281 299 371 
Indians— the Ptftawattomit s 

Essex county, N. J, 278 1 

Estimates— congressional 33 j 

European news 72 80 120 

135 184 200 iilo 2)0 245 ! 

269 302 3,76 383 432 I 
Evans, Amos A. 36 

Eurotas and Clorinde,frigates 199 
Export nf specie 46 60 111 

Expatriation 121 

Exchange of prisoners 165 387 

Ferdinand VII. 
Ferry boats 
Female patriotism 
Fish, a great 
Finances of the U. S. 

of the Netherlands 
Financier the sloop 
Fisheries, the _ 210 239 279 283 
Floating batteries proposed 34 
Floyd, gen. 44 211 

Flour, tiie price of at Ha van- 

na 432 

Fog at London 
Forsythe, col. 
Fox privateer 
Free trade 
French armies 

empire, geographical 

40 374 

12— council 36, 45 102— 

treaty 410 Inutilities 113 

114 400— logic 278 -the 

N. W. 318 360 366 410 

4 7— culprits 360 

Indiana territory 394 

Inland transportation 67 361 392 

Internal resou ices 1 1 8 320 

communication 152 69 

Izard, gen. 368 428 



Jackson, gen. 146 421 

Jefferson's report on the lishe- 

ri s 
Jamaica remonstrance 
Java, U. S. frigate 
Johnson, col. 

Dr. Samuel. 

Jones, Thomas Cooke 

King, Rufus 

Kentucky— manufactures; fcce< 
mm 24g— militia 421 

319 335| Kerr, capt. 3 

13 17«JKilg(.ur, Mr. 426 

220 s 



>l* 11 



69 103 117 

267 391 

Wl 318 221 261280 297 



353 1 Frigates, frames of 
279 j Frolic, sloop of war 
GallatihVsqe minsters 
Gaints, col. 
Gastyn, Mr. 
Gas lights 
', Ganlinier's Examiner j 
#4 German states 

General orders— dress of the 
rille regiments 115— of 
gen Flo) d 211 —of the ad- 
jutant gen. 213— of gell. 
Scott 2 S3— of gee. Jack- 
son 293— of the governor 
of Virginia 29E— of gen. 
P. B.Porter 99— o( gen. 
Brown 336 354 420— of 
338 gen. Winder 372 441— 




269 302 j 


Letters- Gov. Strong to Mr. 


Madison and reply 
Mr. Dexter to the editor 

of the Palladium 9 

com. Ilodgers to the mas- 
ter of a' cartel 101 
Gov. Chittenden to gen. 

Chipman 37 

Co!. Hawkins to general 

Pinkuey 37 
10 the governor of 

Georgia ' Stfrl 

Mr. Munroe to governor 

Snyder 45 

Com. Maedonough to 

•^vn. Macomb 223 

Sir John B. Warren to 

capt. Taiiiot 
Capt. Capel to commo* 

dore Detain r 
Lieut, llenshaw to lieut. 

C.;l. Butler (o gen. Har- 



08 i 



2 re' 

— ■■ to governor E V 
wards nS 

Gov. Edwards to fen. 
Harrison 11 1 

Secretary of war to the 
Committee of way-, and 
m.-in-i f '» 

Secretary of the treasu- 
ry to the same 1(15 

Mr. Johnson, Indian a- 

g-!lt, tV.l'll I'lCJtt.i 103 

Ge;i. t .M'C;,n-:, ,,i, t; n; 
burning of Xewufk 102 
—to coi. Harvey and 

reply 103 

Capt. HoIme9 to colonel 
Boiler n3 

Mr. Crawford to the se- 
cretary ol state 129 

Gen. Piukney to gov. 
Early 131 133 , 

Gen. Jackson to general 
Piukney <30— li.c same 
to gov. Blount 1 16 212 219 

General Wilkinson to a 
friend in Alh.iny 166 
—the same to the edi- 
tor ol' the Museum J76 

Gtn Colieeto gen. Jack- 
son Hi 

Col. Morgan to governor 
Blount 143 

J. G. Cuuow to com. 
Perry 195 

Mr. Madison to Mi'. Mun- 
roe, &c. 20 1 

M-.ij. Appling to general 
Gaines 265 

Capt. Woolsey to com. 
Chauncey 236 

Secretary of war tomaj. 
Peter ' 313 

To the editor 33 1 404 4 ;>5 

Coin. Helvir to captain 
Port r and reply 3;3 

Li ut. Bassett to captain 
Djnt 3.09 

Col. Elliott to Mr. Ciaes 3^ 

Gen. Brewer to governor 
Strong 3J9 

J. E. Macilonald to capt. 
Kennedy 391 

Marshal Prince to gen. 
Mason 397 

Gen. Scott to C. K. Gard- 
ner, adj. gen. 400— 
major Hindman to the 
same 401 

Gen. P. B. Porter to ^en. 
Brown 401 

Major Morgan to gen. 
Brown 438 

To the wrefari/ of the 
navy — from com. itud- 
gers (3 299 356— from 
lieut. Creigliton 4) 69 
—coin. L wis 47 225 
—mid. Auliek 17-capt. 
Gordon 4/— eon. Do 
oatur 68 179— commo- 
dore Chaiiuc. y :79 19H 
•aH 24'. i66 30j 357— 
capt. Morris 18.- capt. 
Blaktley ! 80— HeUtOM- 
aut NK-iio'son I3t>— 
capt. WamnRtoii l' ; 'i 

il4 20S— com. .Nueiu- 
noiigli 214 267 3.^7-- 
eapt. PeHV 245 337— 
.com. Barney 24, 2-iS' 
300— capt. Dent 337 
358-cai,t. Port, r 3-58 
352— capt. ib.n S'i'-j— : 
Mr. Andeison (naval 

uommittee) *12 A 

Stewart 267— J. \\ il- 
son, |r. 391 

. 5& the sicnfary of yipr. 
From gen. HAriUmi 
79— Mr. Brei.t. p:"i- 
master g«m. 05. — y\<. 
Johnson, Indian agent 
10- — gen. \V;:M'W.>si 
130 — 10 the war dt- 
nartment ;y.:— jieon'*! 
fjro\v:i 21 i 34i.o5» ■>'> I 
43.) — gvH. CJaiiU'«2:2 
265 437 — g.-i>, I/.i'pi 
2 ,;•— -col. Wods-M.i'.h 
3C1-— capt. Austin 392 
— gen. Cir.bii;g ;2'>- 
Mt. 'fravy (ron. uom-J •* " 


T.-..I.' k.... ;- bf Europe 

!■ ..i ',i>r.;to 

;>• i- ■ • m ni •■.., u > 

17 . . . ..; IV 

] s jfewnrkj Canada 10 

jNVth.rb.nd finances 37.' 

Meg ciatiou VtS *U 386 -107 42: 
Newbury, town proceedings 

, New London 13 i 

N n Bedford 317 33S 372 3S 

83 New Jersev legislature H 

;• s< 133 nm.tia 3.- 

rcj .• : non-importa- New York volunteers 46; 

lion, &e. 134* tews tor promoting liter* 

yl ,.;:,j..>. as to the at- tture iSii election 163 

i ..... . .i the Essm 13' 226 

347 3 j i Sew York, the defence of 408 
!. (.' illc 13 : 483 411 

.i.,. New Orleans 285 3i9 39-i 

. " |03 Now Hampshire election so 

I -,i- 120 319; gov. speech 27- 

3 j - Neutrals 3iy 3S7 415 

103 Neutral territorial rights 351 
354 N agara frontier 146 389 415 
367 j Niagara 393 433 

Mass 360'Nominy 391 

kmu 37 72 ill Nonimportation act 43 79 96 100 

Poiui ■ - -~ 242 265 339 391 Nooahevah 3.0 

i.j loo i!9 367 426 Norway 226 233 373 384 

l. Nt. ir.e 

I it. i Utu 

.. v.s Hfl 353 (Times) 

Lu&ury, progress of 
M ; y, Baxter? 
Ma. \ land militia 33t 

;•;. . * privatter 
Mails, irn gular 

aidHluClClllieS !W 110 17. 

21T; Marshals return. 32 

22.S Nortolls 356 333 

Its O 

Sol Odelitown 331 

3'.. 2 Ohio manufactures, &c. 207 

136 Oil vegetable 227 

Olivier 263 

16 Onandago Indians 222 

30 Ontario, the fleet on 356 339 

-106 4,0 417 

Oration of Mr. Morris 310 

remarks on 36; 

Orders in council 39 


Prtscott, col. 
t'ubiic orisons 

— debt 

— credit 


Sugar cane, the culture of 2? 

Supreme court 
Swedish vessels 
Swift, gen. 

tuebec papers 

322 409 

lapp, George 
tattiesuake, the 




Mars .-.»*- return of manufac- 
tures 3 '3 

re'itjiksu.i t'- 4 *' 59 -' 

Massschw tts 1 gjslatnre 4; 

el. ai\M _ - i>; ;ri»\. 

■pv -!i - i ; reply to2 - ~ 

Mapkr sugar 
Marine turps 

ijioilU suostiti 



370 41 
152 2ii 

M'Ca. . 1 cut. i: 

M'Kiui, Mr. 110 12 

)L licai board 3 

M ivill prison 4<) 

— .1 ; ■■ 44 
M .. igt from the president 

o nh • fail'iv ol t'i cam- 
pii n 17 48 81 106; from 
(..•• -..I.; - ., r spesting this 
commercial icitrictioiis 79 \ 

from go r. Snyder 44; on ! bjUuS 

Mr.vm, 320 * «inaylTama legislature 

MiciidiiHMvkiitac 319 367 407 volunteers 

oUfSlion 12C;.iiitritt 
No fl 319 

oJimeut U. S. 

211 212 223 221 


Pauperism, British 

contrast to 

Parish's sermon 
Paul Jones 
Paper battles 
Paris, fall of 


264 321 416 

279 358 410 431 


S. brig ' 
40 69 371 391 

privateer 269 

teed, col. 34 » 

Retaliation 129 317 367; 

British authority 129 

Renegadb 241 

Remarks on the president's 

message 100 

Religious state paper 135 

Real independence 191 

Resources and improvements 

207 219 392 417 
Receipts and expenditures 105 
Report of the secretary of the 

. committee of foreign 


> the secretary of state 

on impressment 121; 
the same on our relati- 
ons with France 

of Mr. Woodward on 

canals < 

of the N. Y. committee 

on the same 

on the petition of J. G. 


Jefferson, on the fishe- 

ries 283 

Retrospect and remarks 1 276 
Recolomzation— by Cobbctt 307 
4 10 
222 414 

3,6 1 Register of militia 
118! Rhode island militia 
27 o|Iiifie regiments 
22 ji*ite!ie, capt. 
211 Rivers oi'the west 
245 Riptey,gen. 
303 378 Rockaway 
127 Rockets 

'Rwman Ontholics 
Rogers, com, 

treaty at 

Paymaster general 

Peace with Am ; rica"32?; be- 
tween Eitglawd ahd 
France 375, „ 

Peacock sloop of war 132 J 79 J ^odg.-n capt. John A. ot the 

and Epcrvier 180 \93 U. b« array 

196 197 213 447 J 

Peasofi, col. 416 

Penn William, his deed lo^ 

Perry, com. 12 175 194 221 24 1 

44 Hi 



45 114 

146 166 

Q3 Perry privateer 


45 94 

46 10.: 



Hit, estimates for 33j 

Jure* 94 

Military forces of Euraj>e 15 

:.;,!,i i.;i-..,i the U. S. to Eu- j 

i,.,.e lH 4.:; [M,-. Go* 's I 

n wlui "!'•] 77 r...: M i 

.. \7 369 384 407? 

ppl 1 ;i boU 


.1 territory 
, 1 1.. 
1 utt{uis3tioii 
M . ,.i:.i» :.t ai Lexington 
y,.,\ ■.;,: al papers 
! towns 
M..iri»* oration 
r ' 

1 o..|. 

M rtuwk Iv .^ato 
1 in ut^ 



221 241 

1:8133 322 




144 145 



Wjcapt. 317 356 431447 

221 350 

spirit 319 

123 151 

,...o|>e 83 

3o0l*°*t oJlsce (stablishmcnt 3-i; 





Pik'-. gen. in honor of 



Porter, tjen. P. E. 



„ ; Porur's island 
243 aao { J*oy]t«n»«u tii 

Talk to the Indians 
'faxes new, proposed 
Tangier island 

Tennessee manufactures, 

ccc. 250 

Thayer, Hiram 68 

Thames river frozen 184 

I'ilton, Dr. James 191 

Tompkins, gov. 184 

Torpedoes 165 175 318 

Tornado 35S 

'Trade" see smuggling 
Treason 38 211 219 304 353 

371 388 411 443 
True Blooded Yankee priva- 
teer 69 
Treasury notes 97 
Tiial of gen. Hun 154 
f3 Treaty, preliminary, at Fa« 

lis' 302 
«f alliance 377 

peace 37* 

Munroe's 201 251 


Vessels captured on Erie, 

Vermont militia 
Vincents, St. 
Virginia— militia 12 213 29S 

318 411 
Viper privateer 47 

Vesuvius, mount 
Vegetable oil 

Ugly club 
Ultor, privateer 
United States' statistics' 

— — gazette 


Wallace, major 
"Warriors return" an ode 
Washington, George 
13. 38 44 101 J Washington city, captured 
278 314! Washington's nephews 

Wareham 230 317 

69 Wales, the princess 333 403 

05 Webster, Mr. 9S 

141 1 Weekly Register, conditions 1 
J Wellington's soldiers 429 

'"Western country'* 207 

128 "Whippings" 3J4 

165 179 244 281 43 1! Wilkinson gen. 129 146 166 
Sandy creek 2 12 265 267 27S 280 ; [his vindication] 17& 

Saturn razee 2H, Wilmington 277 

Saucy Jack, privateer 224 225 371 Wilson, Mr, 








Russian statistics 

Russian and Cossacks 

Sacketts harbor 46 117 

Say brook 
Scalping knives 
Schwerukoff, Mr. 
Scourge, privateer 
Scott, gen. 
Sharp's island 
Sheep breeding 
Shelby, gov. 
Shitting owners 
Sicilies! the 
Slave trade 
Smith, maj. gen. 
Smuggling 1^ 16 

11 146 42o 


133 Winder, ^en. 
,# S64 Wife sold 
281 Wilcox lieut* death 0/ 
152 Willet, col. 
367 Wright, Mr. 
400 440 * 

15" Yeas and nays in the house 
334 409 of representatives: on Mu 

Wright's motion to sus- 
pend the embargo 15; 
on the loan bill 33; on 

007 12" j pest roads 1 74; postage 

r ,7> .'04; post rider 4 jsrtyder. gov 

3iO.P»i«edu tf Cheui 242 355 Spanish outrages 
-,1 Prevost, sir George his 


428 436' spfech to the Indians 1M; j , affairs *20 374 

231' W die legislature 11 1 Spy hanged 

22C; **«&* »le , , 337 s , J. cic v ? stl)re d 

231 1 reudent and the Plamatca- Stones.fattQf 

I a . ,, ' t ,. 33 371 407 St , ciair, lake 

1 Pi 1, oners of war 39 165 222 Steel card teeth 

.zafon hdl and Gores 224 242 3117 38S 410 Se^nvP. hit 

. '.moi.', ,; btfort the Price* current 152 Su Louis 

... court 1 1; report 

seen larj ot state 121 

>. ip.f-4 432 

Karj .».' ; . ' - ; i!te<l 

■ ■ r.ia- 

r, 1 i;!'ni 0! the iia>;. To? 

urders at (foekeu* 

ir •.■>: dup. on (J.:- 

t.-.ri » 133 26» 35flj 1. . • .1 

181; cou^t 

. .: ;: i; fvrcy ou U- 

PwcJa.uation of gov. Alston 
135; of g iv. Early 175; 
of attOi. Cochrane 182 
212; of gov. Claiborne 
2*6j by the president 
279 297 4' 1 5; „f the 
jin uce regent of England 
37.,; of sir Thomas Har- 


Prospect, the 

3i0 Piovto/i baggage 

Stone, lieut. col. 
! Strong, gov. 
I Stewart, capt. 

Sfam boats 
j vessels of war 


I Stocks of tlie U. S. * 

! British, history of 

199 Slocking looms 

383 410 426 , Stonington 

213 26 ; 295 Surprize privateer 
359 360 , Su^tpiehannah 






36 44 67 

304 407 

46 103 

384 432 

104 225 




355 390 426 


9 354 


197 226 320 



% 1.63 210 



372 429 



the naval appropriation 
34; on the Yazoo claims 
35 79; on the embargo 
question 77 104; on the 
motion respecting dis- 
tillers 77; on the bill to 
amend the act Ear calling 
out the militia 79; on 
Mr. Desha's motion ve.- 
Karding treasury notes 
99; on Mr. M'Kim's mo- 
tion Ho; on the hill to 
prohibit the exportation 
of specie 127; on licenses 127 
Yeas and nays— in the senate: 
on the Yazoo bill 15; on 
* on the appropriation 
bill 41; on the loan bill 
72; on the embargo 
question 110 

Yazoo claims 15 35 42 report 

of the com. 43 77 » a 

Yeas and nays in the legisla- 
ture of Pennsylvania, on 
the banking bill 9 « 

York, the duke of 
\uvlipayut.'-er lJ - 


No. 1 OF VOL. VI.] 

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, Maucii 5, 1814. 

[whou SO. 131. 

Hxc olim meminisse juvabit. — VinGit. 

Printed and published by H. Nilks, South-st. uext door to the Merchants' Coffee House, at $ 5 per annum. 


The Weekly Rkoistkti is published at Baltimore 
every Saturday, at $5 per annum, payable in ad- 
vance; m iking two heavy volumes a year, of between 
4 and 500 pages each. It is packed with great care 
and sent off by the mails of the day, safely, to the 
most distant post-offices in the United States. The 
work began September 7, 1811 ; the second volume, 
March 7, 1812; the third, September 5; the fourth, 
March 6, 1813; the fifth, September 4; the sixth 
Commences this day. New subscribers may be fur- 
nished from the first number, or from any of the vo- 
lumes, by paying for the volumes required, with the 
current year in advance. The safety of the mail is 
guaranteed, so as to preserve the files of subscri- 
bers (except in Louisiana and some parts of the 
Mississippi territory) and missing numbers are li- 
berally furnished, without charge, in all cases, to a 
reasonable extent. A supplement will speedily be 
published for the fifth, or last volumes for which 
those desiring to have it will pay one dollar extra. 
Subscribers must begin and end with a volume. Let- 


especially those of gentlemen who request favors. 

Editorial retrospect and remarks. 

The editor looks back on his labors of the last 
six months, with a consciousness that he did all that 
his judgment or ability allowed, to requite the great 
patronage bestowed : this feeling of honest pride, 
acquired by patient industry, is amply supported 
by the continually increasing subscriptions of the 
most distinguished citizens of the United States, of 
either [American] party. 

Two things designed to have been inserted in the 
last volume were postponed, not neglected : 1, an 
U. S. army and navy list ; and 2, a collection of sta- 
tistical facts and remarks to shew the madness of 
faction. Just at the time when the names of the offi- 
cers in the army and navy officially appeared, so ma- 
ny promotions took place, and so many new disposi- 
tions were made, that we thought it best to suspend 
a publication of the list in the hope of obtaining one 
more perfect and settled. Towards the other, which 
promises to be a work of considerable labor, some 
progress was made ; but the want of certain docu- 
ments, which it was hoped would have appeared 
some months ago, has prevented a conclusion. We 
shall shew, so "that he who runs may read," that the 
"commerce," about which some persons clamor so 
much, must needs be an insignificant thing, without 
an intercourse with those states* they (the foolish 
>nen of the east) are pleased to call anti-commercial. 

It is, indeed, a painful duty to notice the late dis- 
graceful proceedings and movements in the state of 
Massachusetts. We have not to reprehend a, few 
factious printers, "writers," smugglers av British] 
agents, only ; but the legislative body of that impor- 
tant member of the confederacy. Lite the consti-I 
pMON : is the first and the last article of mv poli-j 
tics j the "alpha and omega" of the peace, liberh ! 
-afety of my country ; and if, in exposing c-Vi 
Vot, VI 


condemning those that would destroy it, or weake" 
its bonds, I offend any, — let them be offended. I have 
no part, interest or feeling ; nay, hardly charity, for 
the British ant/federal faction alluded to. 

Perhaps, it is one of the most serious misfortunes 
suffered by the people of the United States, as poli- 
ticians, that rather than fairly disavow and abandon 
the PAttTr to which by accident, through interest j 
or even by reason and reflection they may have at- 
tached themselves, too many, indirectly, support and 
encourage others in a course of proceeding which 
they, as individuals, seriously deprecate and Con- 
demn. I do not pretend to say that either of our' 
two great parties is clear of this Censure $ but there 
is a portion of one of them, under the comely garb 
of federalism, to whom it applies with full forte;** 
Let me ask those who really are "federalists," who 
honestly and sincerely receive Washington's Pare- 
well Address, as the rule and guide of their political 
faith, how it is possible they can act with the faction 
at Boston—a. faction that daily flies in the face of the 
most solemn precepts of the illustrious dead ? Wash- 
ington charged us always to speak of the union of 
the states with reverence: Hk most pointedly directed 
us to "frown indignantly upon the first dawnings of an 
attempt to alienate one portion of the union from the 
test, or enfeeble the sacred ties that now Hide its various! 
parts .•" He directed us to suppose a dissolution of 
the union as impossible as to avoid death ; — with the 
view, that while a looking to the latter as Certainty* 
might excite us to the improvement of our lives in 
our duty to GOD— the former should lead us 3 by so- 
rial, intellectual and commercial intercourse, by 
roads* bridges and Canals and other permanent 
works, tp "strengthen the bonds that made us one 
people," and quiet the haggard spirit of jealousy that 
a foreign influence might introduce to divert the 
resources and check the prosperity of the republic. 
Little did that great man believe that in ten or fif- 
teen years after his death, men in Boston, the "cradle 
of the revolution," should coldly sit down and calcu- 
late a separation of the states. Less did he suppose 
that in the legislature of Massachusetts, the expedien- 
cy of that diabolical measure should become a ques- 
tion of debate ! Much less did he believe that the 
faction which proposed, supported and encouraged 
such notions, would fasten upon his name, and cloak 
their baseness with his virtues. Unmanly hypocrites ? 
thus to abuse the memory of the dead ; and> as far as 
in you lies, to ascribe to the deceased a depravity 
that he would have looked iiito annihilation ! The 
best of you— -the most e.talt d and distinguished cf 
all the clan, would never have dared, hypothetical^ 
to have spoken of a dissolution of the' union', in the 
presence of Washington, no more than (if the com- 
parison may be allowed, and with a feeling reverence 
it is offered) sax atheist would have attempted to 
reason with him on the existence a SirnoiE Being, 
He would have said to you, "That is a subject oil 
Which 1 never converse ; for I would not have it sujr 
posed to be possible ;'** or he would have turned or- 

* I am fully warranted in ascribing (hose words to 
the supposed occasion, by every line of the h\ivcwi>U 
Address — read it over carefullv* 



\ and left you with ineffable contempt. Is it 
Bel eve *., then, that those persons arc "fed 

' . - •;. ""' — \s my soul lives, they are 

not — They are of that description of beings, who it is 

"R:v.lur ivirn m Hill than serve in Heaven ." 
hateful as sin and dark and gloomy as night. 

1' must, however, be acknowledged, that it re- 
quires great magnanimity and no small degree of 

have so far withdrawn themselves. from the praetiees 
of one party, as to receive the confidence of the other 
The high tone of the anti-federal, or British 
gazettes at Boston, and some other towns in Massa- 
chusetts, for several months past, led us to expect a 
storm on the meeting of the legislature. The right 
and expediency of separating from the union had 
been freely discussed and decidedly advocated, by 
the ablest '.writers Oft tile British side; and every 

to shake oil' and abandon a burly with which e ft; n . t ot - genius and of falshood had been exerted to 
ave generally acted; and hence it is, that ,.a prepare the public mincl for rebellion against the U 

desperate and contemptible tow Gr«w*-hke men who states and alliance with England, as its" natural con- 
have passed the RuNcon, lead on the many, step byj scquence The niost barefaced lies and outrageous 
TJie idtea of being called | misrepresentations, were diligently used to excite 

state jealousies and partial sympathies ; all that was 
base and detestable was ascribed to our own govern- 
ment ; all that was religious [gracious heaven !j and. 
magnanimous attached to the enemy — a character 
that no nune belongs to him than to the tyger who, 
of his own savage propensity, having gorged himself 
to the tun, yet nestles in the bowels and blood of his 
victim, insatiate of murder and delighting in deatlu- 
Tntih stood in the back ground, mourning at the 
degeneracy of the times, and patriotism seemed ap- 
palled with the force and fervor of treason. But 
there was a redeeming spirit in the people. 
of that character typycady said to look up "to a I S uch were the circumstances under which the le- 
halter. or a throne" as- his destiny— Burr challenged gislaturc convened. The governor's speech was not I 
l, and went ont to fight, so- calculated to still the wicked passions that had been- 
stin-c d up ; respect for the office forbids that /should 

to strange extremes 

of being denominated a coivard, for 
having gone so fir, and refusing to go a little fur- 

c puz2?es the will," and has a wonderfully pow- 
A fill effect up. in the mind of most men. Faction 
knotoM the force of this feeling,-, and in all ages has 
era/lily i 'plied it to its purposes. It is the machinery, 
the fulcrum on which honest hearts are moved to vi- 
cious deeds — even to the loss of life. If proof of 
the force of this remark be required, call to mind 
Clie case of Batatlteu and Uurr: The former was the 
ehtef a great party, respected for his talents and 
beloved for many virtues-— the latter a desperado : 

speak of it as it deserves :— It has been inserted ill' 
the Rkgistkk, and the people have judged it. The 
replies of the two houses went much further tha*a 
his excellency had done ; they appear as if drafted 

bemnly protesting against the barbarous custom. H 
was killed. His sense of the duty he owed to God, 
to himself, to his Family* to the law and society, were 
ill swallowed up in the fear that he might be called 
a coward. V beseech my readers to pause on this ; 
i'>v, i;i reflecting upon it,, we find charity for the ma- 

/' led on by the/-.;-, and sec the impropriety of ge 

era? censures. Reason will resume her empire; 

"Magna estverita*, et preraU-Ur let us hokl the t0 open cuslom houses to clear. out vessels in opposi- 

mirror up to folly and expose vice; but always be tion to the laws of the land; that tliey should nego- 
!. and encourage virtuous principles. ciale aloam and raise an army of 30,000 men to re. 

for tl 


pose of provoking civil war. In 

the debates upon these, the most disgraceful senti- 
ments were avowed : it was proposed, or talked of, 

I newr did suppose,.! aanno't believe, that the body 
ople of the two great political parties of the 
U. Sta .s, or of.either of them, are traitors to inde- 
hnce ; whatever opinion I may hold of those who 
- 'zed the reins in several states. 
But we have some distinguished instances of that 
nagnanimity and .firmness spoken of. What shall 
■ e say of the venerable John Adams, and of his learn- 
ed and accomplished son, John Quincey Jdnms?— 
-d' that intelligent and high minded orator, William 
I'AUghion Smith, now deceased ? — of the respectable 

si.-t, "to the shedding of blood," the constitutional' 
authorities ; and one honest fellow fairly declared 
that he was ready to change the constitution of the 
United States for that of Great Britain, "monarchy 
and all," &c. Sic. Be it noted, that they who said 
these things were, (as members of the general court 
of Massachusetts ) sworn, duly sworn, of their own 
free will and accoifl,. to support the constitution of 
the United States. To crown the climax and remit i> 
the ignominy complete, it is stated, that some ot 
these" speeches were dapped, as in a play house. 

ami wealthy JfiKiaar Grtni, and the enlightened bv a crowd of smugglers and other British agents in 

iltvei* 'I olbolt .-— of the inestimable William iPfcmer the gallery * But, when the froth and foam had spent 

I thepohshed WWiam Pinkney ?— the nervous- and Hseif ; when one of the most distinguished of the 

riwerful Sattuel Vexter and [I believe I may venture . faction had f anted through the excess of his inward 

■ >, add] the thomtrgh-going, but honest, James Jl.\ workings, truth and patriotism, putting forth thers 

./{---, i.d u V;!lsjnul s in the legg conspicuous- hand like J J aul, came forward, and made the guilty 

tsol Jit. have emulated, equalled if not excel- 1 tremble. The "federalists" drew back; and the 

; > , th . cse 'Httstnous examples (See note A.) Our I minority urged on the "wordy war" with a power of 

I rocs - also most remarkable instances I eloquence and strength of talent that no one expect- 

the kind. 1 he gallant Decatur's toast, "jrek e d Thev qroaded the faction with alaslrof scor- 

.*' 7;. ( - xxx / m J ' «f -'"sophisticated and in I pious, and put to scorn their empty menaces. Ter- 

»elf, embraces the whole business of the war; and j | ?0 r seized the leaders ; they were afraid to go for 

iws'teof every thing that "faction" Would ward and ashamed to recede ; so they compromised 

Sticli is the universal sentiment of our; with dishonor in the enactment of several pitiful\a\v& 

■leaml mvaltebfc seamen; Theyhare "Bite- and many furiom resolutions,.^? frmidb] Speafe 

•inirof them, while they were halting between the 

the Bczfon Patriot had the following,, 

happy paragragh, which is quoted with pleasure, to 

giving a finish to this part of our essay 

Turn which way they will, this British i factiof 

: mCU have 

ll'j not pretend to s."-v rr inuirmafo t! m <i 

•}, <-r insinuate, tl'/it tliese , two opinions, 

h:mg-d their principles; but they 

Mrtleman ^n^h^-oduce';! 
rlioilgllllessly. / Have reasons for what I sav Be will 
jcversjgn a treaty witl* Great Britain that sliall give 
"«h American sh,>a,for msil or 
' y pieces of paper. 

■ ' a I rhole 

cannot escape disgrace. To tread back their steps 
bv omitting to strike, after five years Uireatening 
and bullying, will sink them to the lowest depths cA 
couteiuot, To advance and commit Xlvi overtax, 



WTU, seal tiieik doom foiieveii ! Independent of the land Lynn, they might, with half the trouble, havO 
rigors of the law, to use the forcible language of obtained the names of one thousand fishermen to a 
Fisher Ames, "Scorn -would smile, and blast, and petition that they (the petition-makers) should be 
wither, like Hghtinjr, the knaves that thus mislead 'and transported to Halifax; as will be experimentally 

abuse a virtuous and unsuspecting people." 

The meanness that, marked the proceedings of 
these infuriated men, has been unrivalled except by 
the depravity of their political character. One of their 

snewn if ever the faction goes from talking to <lecds t 
Again, a quantity of specie had been detained at; 
New York, .see volume V. page 380. No great injury 
had r. suited, nor was a loss to be apprehended. But; 

topics was, like Benedict Arnold, to charge others' the thing was muhage d so, that the bank should apply 

1 to the legislature for relief and protection; several 
hard resolves were passed) which the governor was 
directed to communicate to the president of the 
United States. [Note F.] The bank could as Well 
have done this»j and the effect, as to the restoration. 
)f the money, would have been the same; but the 
purpose was to make a noise — one hundred and thirty 
thousand dollars in specie, which the people of Mas* 
saclntsetts were to be "robbed" of, was a weighty 
item in the general uproar. Thus they went on$ 
foaming and fretting until they wound themselves* 
up with the filaments of their own disgrace, anc| 
sunk into nothing. Vox et prxie.rea nihil. 

It is, however, an act of justice to the impoteftcy 
of this faction to make the record^ that even when 
the paroxism was at its heighth, no one feared fop 
the health of Massachusetts. Many believed and*- 
hoped,that these violent spasms were the shakings off 
of a disease that had long infected the body politic j 
and, if it were not so, there was a remedy at baricj. 
that would have been applied at a moment's warn^ 
ing, with surest efficacy, t mean in the physical 
strength of the people of the state, which is sound arid, 

As, in the statistical tables I design to expose the) 
hollowness of the pretension of certain men at Has* 
ton (and ,in some of the little towns, of 4 or 500 
souls each) as being the guardians of bommeree, this 
simple fact is stated for the present: In the year 1805 
(a term selected as one of the greatest commercial 
activity) the mighty trading town of jBos/o?* exported! 
$2,544,503 wonh of domestic produce and jpanurf 
facture, one third of which, by a reasonable calcu}a* 
tion, was received from the Chesapeake j while, in. 
the same period, the ami- commercial city of Baltic 
more sent off to the like ports and places, the valu$ 
of about tl\ree mil!ifi?ts and a quarter. It is admitted^ 
however, that Boston had a greater tonpage that*. 
Baltimore ; but a large portion of it was employed 
in coasting to supply the foreign trade, and a part of 
the latter was of the kind that Ifol.and, $o her eygr* 

with being under the influence oi' France, while they 
themselves eulogized the enemy of tlieiv country ! 
Weak minded men! — did they expect to blind the 
people to their attachments, by attributing to the 
innocent a like offence? Thus, sometimes, a culprit 
by crying ''stop thief," may have saved himself; 
but more generally the reverse, as in the present 
instance, has been the case. To fill the clamor and 
cheat the public feeling, they manufactured peti- 
tions and remonstrances, as in a mill by wholesale, 
breathing blood and slaughter, and sent them to the 
X falsely called) leaders of their "peace party" in 
many of the little towns of the state; where, by any 
sort of chicanery, they might assume the form of a 
document, and be ^returned from whence they 
came," as the "voice of the yeomanry !" For a 
sample of this part of the machinery, see note D. 
]But sometimes, with all their cunning and address, 
they failed. [See E.] For more than a week, three 
or four newspapers in Boston were employed to 
inform the fishermen how badly they were off; to 
convince them that they were actually starving ! 
The honest fellows had not supposed their condition 
was quite so desperate; but, as "every body said it," 
they felt their own ribs, and, mayhap, began to think 
they were not quite so fat as they used to be. Well, 
being thus duly and truly prepared, the next busi- 
ness was to initiate them into a part of the plan. 
They were waited upon, by sorpe very generous and 
feeling gentlemen, with a remonstrance ready drawn 
up, and forty -two of them were induced to sign it — 
this was presented in triumph to the legislature of 
Massachusetts, and called "the voice of the fish- 
ermen!"! If the persons who took so much pains to 
get these signatures, had proceeded to Marblehead 

fThe wretched shifts of the faction, in regaro. to 
this "remonstrance" from the fishermen, must be 
further exposed. They were grossly cheated out of 
their signatures by men in whom they confided. On 
discovering the extent of the deception, thirtij-seven 
of them addressed the following to the president of 
the United States* 

lasting infamy, pursued, even to the trampling on; 

the cross at Japan. I mean the "carrying trade]* % 
Jo his excellency, James Madison, president iff the jbranch of commerce, that, though it may have en? 
United States. 
The petition of the subscribers, fishermen of Bos- 
ton and its vicinity, humbly sheweth, That many of 
them have, inadvertently and without due reflection, 
signed a petition to the legislature of Massachusetts, 
praying for relief from the restrictions imposed 
upon them by the "act laying an embargo cu all ships 
and vessels In the ports and harbors of the United 

riched a few, has advantaged the agricultural inte? 
rest in a very remote degree, if in any ; beep prejus- 
dicial to the manufacturing / and more than all, l\}§ 

States." They have since learnt, that therein they 
were most grossly imposed upon and deceived by 
designing individuals. For, had the legislature 
granted their prayer, and any one man availed him- 
self of the circumstance, it wo* Id have involved this 
state, and perhaps the nation, in civil war; it would 
have raised the state standard against that of the 
union, and brought upon kis all the horror of civil 
commotion ; consequences which they now contem- 
plate with horror, and deprecate as the greatest of 
evils. They ask no indulgence incompatible with 
the great national objects contemplated by the em- 
bargo law. They trust it would be wholly super- 
fluous to describe their necessities, or those of their 

families; they are doubtless well known to your eg> 
cellency. All they ask for is liberty to proceed Wlih 
their empty vessels and necessary fishing apparatus;* 
under such restrictions and limitations as your ex? 
cellency shall judge expedient to the fishing ground 
in Boston bay, for the purpose of fishing Jpr j:hj* 
Boston market. 

If they had not, heretofore, (except in the instance 
alluded' to) demeaned themselves as good citi-zpnSj 
quietly and peaceably pursuing their innocent and 
necessary avocation; if they had not rigidly obeyed 
the laws; uniformly respected the constituted autfrf), 
rities of their country, and been constantly aitapfrei< 
to the union of the states; they would not now appear 
before the father of the American people,, ^nt they 
confidently appeal to trie officers of the pugjpms, ap> : i 
all those citizens who have witnessed Sjieir conduct., 
for its uniformity in the aboye recite^ f !&$$%}&. 



fruitful source of our collisions with Eufiape t and of 
tin- present war. Look at the memorial of these 
trailer* to congress in !S06\ and contrast it with 
their conduct now ! The inconsistency and want, of 
honesty, is shameful. Bttt the very spirit of tfds 
trade is so completely Dutch — so mean and grovel- 
ling, that, (hough the war may have originated in 
the stand taken to protect it, it would "sell powder, 
to the enemy," (as the Dutch merchants did) tha 
li;- might crush it, it' money wet* to be made by t. 
r-Such is the patriot**} of these "friends o< coiu- 
nerc\-" It may \\e just, notwithstanding, to say, that 
»t is ■■.:ther tlie tempers than the merchants of JVeio» 
jiand, that raised the great clamor for "trade 1" 
i am well .-ware that for m .king these remarks 
so.ue men will denounce me a intriizan. "■ Spe k of 
m as 1 am" and report me fairly. I ax a tar izan 
i.v raoit or tiik. constitution. I iiri a "federalist" 
fo I i ve reprehended tlie aiitifederal conduct of 
the facta n. I am .t "Wdshiugtonian," for I have fol- 
lo c\l h:< great precept, and "frowned indignantly" 
up , the enemies of union. I am a "republican," 
hoping and trusting that our glorious institutions 
m prevail and flourish, in defiance of the secret 
service money of princes, and the intrigues of am- 
bition, when kingdoms and principalities shall be 
we pt in general ruin. Let tlie policy e» impolicy of 
the measures of government be questioned as they 
in:<y — it is right they should be, because, if evil, 
there is a simple and sure remedy, in the freedom of 
suffrage, to change the course of proceeding ; but I 
beseech all who love their country, never ta suffer 
the propriety of dissolving the union to be a subject of 

I h:,ve only to add, that too much has been done 
to conciliate this British faction. I have always con- 
si ered every attempt to please them like the sacrifi- 
c of certain indian nations to propitiate the good 
xviU of the evil spirit. 1 am proud of the ground that 
Was taken ; nothing has been conceded — every thing 
they attempted has failed, by the good sense of the 
people ; and they, of "big swelling words," are put 
up "as objects for scorn to point her slowly moving 
finger at" 

Believing that thjs sheet may be preserved long 
af'er the head that dictates its contents shall be cold, 
T subscribe this article with with my name, that my 
children and friends may refer to it, and be assured 
of my federal principles. H. N1LES. 

Baltimore, March, 1814. 

that it has been constitutionally declared by the go 
vernment— that circumstance renders it the duty 
of every real federalist to exert all the means in his 
power to prosecute the present war with vigor and 
effect— I rejoice that in the just prosecution of this 
war, two of my boys, as members of the company of 
Petersburg Volunteers, have already fought the bat- 
ties of their country, and old as I am, permit me, Mr. 
editor, to assure you, tha' in this war, even I shall 
again be prepared whenever the occasion may require 
it, to render to my beloved country every service- 
which may be in my power. 

Feb. 10th, 1814. a Virginia federalist* 

Colonel Bentley, says the editor of the Enquirer, 
who addressed the above, served as an officer through, 
the revolutionary war— afterwards was called from 
the ranks to the command of the regiment of militia 
in Powhatan: — was also elected from the same coun- 
ty six years successively a member of the legislature 

afterwards was [unsolicited] appointed by presi- 
dent Adams coram andant of a regiment. 



Having perused in your paper of this day, an ex- 
tract from "the Yankee," under the head of--"Svnop- 
sis of speeches in the Massachusetts legislature"— 
and having also read in the same paper a piece dated 
Boston, Jan. 38, under the head of "grand rebel cau- 
cus," I feel my, elf as a federalists who fought the 
revolutionary hattles of my Country, imperiously 
called on to disavow the infamous principles advo- 
cated in those speeches, and by that caucus. 

No member of the Massachusetts legislature, or of 
th" Boston caucus, who advocates the existence of 
Br ish influence, or who h> willing to rebel agains 1 
th • government or constitution of his own country, 
df-s rves to fee dignified with the swim? of federalist. 
Asa true member of (lie genuine- :>ld Wdsldngtm 
■;ch<jol, I abhor such men, and detest their principles, 
and lo hereby most solemnly protest, against both. 
As to the present, war which "is complained vA\ I will 
add— that whe<. ■• 1 might have approved the de- 
claration of it or not, is immaterial; it is, sufficient ' 


Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
An act declaratory of the true intent and meaning of 
an act entitled "An act to provide for the safe- 
keeping of all prisoners committed under the au- 
thority of the United States in the several goals 
within this commonwealth." 

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the senate and house of p$j 
presentatives in general court assembled, and by the 
authority of the same, That nothing contained in an act 
entitled "An act to provide for the safe-keeping all 
prisoners committed under the authority of the Uni 
ted States, in the several goals within this common- 
wealth," shall be so construed as to authorise the 
keepers of the said goals to take custody of, and 
keep within said goals,, any prisoners committed by 
any other authority than the judicial authority of the 
United States. 

And whereas several prisoners of war have beer 
committed to gt>als within this commonwealth, un- 
der the executive authority of the United States. 

Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the keepers of 
the said goals are hereby authorised and required to 
discharge from said goals, all such prisoners of war p 
after the expiration of thirty days from the passing 
of this act, unless they shall sooner be discharged 
by the authority of the United States. 

Speaker of the House of Representatives, 
President of the Senate. 
Feb. 7th, 1814 — Approved, 



In the House of Representatives, February 4, 1814. 
The memorial of the town of Deerfield, and st 
veral other towns, against the existing war and em- 
bargo — Read and committed to Messrs. Lloyd, of 
Boston, Mills, of Northampton, and Howard, of 
Newburyport, with such as the fton. senate may join, 
to consider and report. — Sent up for concurrence. 


Jhi Senate, Feb. 4, 1814. 
Read and concurred, and the lion. Messrs. White 
and Allen are joined. ' 

JOHN PHILIPS, President. 

THE committee of both houses, to whom were 
referred the memorials and remonstrances from th# 


towns of* Deerfield, Gerry, Newbedford, North- 
ampton, Southampton, Westhompton, Newbury, 
Newburyport, Northyarmouth, Hatfield, Brookfield, 
Buckstown, Machias, Castine, Brunswick, Hadley, 
Athol, Goldsborough, South-Hadley, Ellsworth, 
Brewster, Goshen, Ipswich, Rowley, Belfast, Wh.te- 
lv, Warwick, Belchertown, Dartmouth, Chester- 
field, Ashfield, Wendell, Shelburue, New-Sdem 
and Beverly, together with the petition of sundry 
inhabitants of the towns of Plymouth and Penobscot, 
and the report of the committee of the hon. house 
on the petition of sundry fishermen, inhabitants of 
Boston, have had the same under consideration, and 
ask leave respectfully to report — 

That there exists in all parts of the common- 
wealth, a fear, and in many parts a settled belief, 
that the course of foreign and domestic policy pur- 
sued by the government of the United States for se- 
veral years past, has its foundation in a deliberate in- 
tention to impair, if not to destroy that free spirit 
and exercise of commerce, which, aided by the ha- 
bits, manners, and institutions of our ancestors, and 
the blessings of Divine Providence, have been the 
principle source of the freedom, wealth and general 
prosperity of this recently happy and nourishing 

That this belief appears to be not more the result 
of the late measures of government, which are com- 
plained of as oppressive, in their nature, and repug- 
nant to the principles of the national compact, than 
of an intelligent survey of the general system intro- 
duced by the late, and pursued by the present ad- 
ministration, in opposition to the declared wishes, 
and frequent remonstrances of this section of the 
union, which seems to be the devoted victim of vi- 
sionary and destructive experiments. The people, in 

* it may gratify a laudable curiosity to be inform- 
ed of the population of these towns. The amount 
of those enumerated below is 58,303 

Of Belfast, Brewster and Ellsworth — 

(supposed) 4,000 

Sundry inhabitants of Plymouth and Penob- 
scot, say 500. 
The "fishermen of Boston" 42 
But of these 37 have recanted 37 

Amount carried out for the "voice of the 
fishermen" — 5 

Grand total population 62,805 

The items are taken from Morse, for I have not the 
census of 1810 at hand; but it is presumed the po- 
pulation has not increased — the whole population of 
Massachusetts is 700,745, and petitions in the name 
of one eleventh of the people were smuggled to the 

The amount of those supposed to have remonstrat- 
ed, is about half equal to the population of the cities 
of Ne-w-Yor k or Philadelphia, and about one fourth 
more than the population of Baltimore. What an 
uproar can a few talking men make ! 







South Hadley 


























North Yarmouth 






















New Salens 








*» ' ■ — 




their numerous mem' rials from all quarters of ihe 
commonwealth, appear to despair of obtaining re- 
dress from that government, which was established 

"TO PridMOTF, THK ORWEfl \L V/KLIAllK." TllC)' SeC, 

that the voice of the New-England states, whose 
interests arc common, is lost in the national councils; 
that the spirit of accommodation and regard tomtt- 
tu 1 safety and advantage, which produced the con- 
stitution and goveimd its early administration, have 
been sacrificed to the bitterness of party, and to the 
aggrandizement of one section of the union, at the 
expense of another. 

These opinions are not confined to the maritime 
borders of the state, whose interests are more imme- 
diately affected, and whose inhabitants have daily 
before their eyes perishing ships, deserted ware- 
houses, and starving mechanics and labourers ; but 
are loudly responded from the interior, where the peo- 
ple generously sympathize in the present distress of 
their brethren upon the seacoast, and wisely foresee 
in their ruin their own approaching wretchedness. 

Various are the forms, in which these sentiments 
and feelings have been expressed to the legislature ; 
but the tone and spirit, in all, are the same. They 
all discover an ardent attachment to the union of 
these states, as the true source of security and happi- 
ness to all, and a reverence for the national constitu- 
tion, as calculated in its spirit and principles to 
insure that union, and establish that happiness : but 
they are all stamped with the melancholy conviction, 
that the basis of that union has been destroyed by a 
practical neglect of its principles ; and that the du- 
rability of that constitution has been endangered by 
a perversion and abuse of its powers. Many of the 
memorialists have called to mind the times and cir- 
cumstances which led to the adoption of the national 
constitution, and the motives which prevailed upon 
them, or upon their fathers to consent to it. They 
remember that they had a state constitution, founded 
upon the principles of civil liberty, and calculated 
to enforce them ; that they enjoyecl the freedom of 
the seas, of external and internal commerce ; that 
they were subject to no restraint, but for the com- 
mon good ; that their enterprize was unshackled, 
and that their rulers were devoted to their happiness, 
or immediately replaced by those who were. That 
they then had no fear of being interrupted in their 
navigation, or their fisheries, of being oppressed by 
intolerable exactions, or of being tauntingly directed 
to the forest, as the proper scene of their industry 
and enterprize. But they were told, and they be- 
lieved, that these privileges, though great, were 
transient; that the conflicting interests of the other 
slates would produce embarrassments to their com- 
merce ; that the jealousy and cupidity of foreign 
nations rendered a more perfect union necessary for 
their defence ; and that a national government would 
alone secure them against domestic dissentions. — 
Believing all this the memorialists say, they cheer- 
fully surrendered a portion of the sovereignty of the 
state, and committed it to hands, which they trusted 
would always use it for the great purposes, for which 
it was demanded. And it was so used for the first 
twelve years of its administration ; its principles 
were developed, and found to be benign. Commerce, 
the life of Massachusetts, flourished under its au- 
spices; wealth accumulated in our cities, and dif- 
fused itself over the country. Every farm in the 
commonwealth trebled its value — and owed this va- 
jlue to the freedom, extension and security of com- 
imerce, under the constitution, administered accord- 
ing to the principles of Washington. This constitu- 
tion then became the object of love, veneration and 
! hope, to the memorialists. They loved it for the 



blessings it had given : venerated it for the security i whose avarice has contributed largely to the waf; 
it afforded to those blessings; and hoped and be- Uow desolating- the country. But the memorialists 

lie v ed, that into whose hands soever it should fall, 
aed principles would perpetuate its privileges 

t? posterity, li was thus that the union became the 
rallying- word against all discontents and jealousies, 
and that the people saw with apparent indifference, 
the power pass from the hands of those who loved, 
to those who dreaded the principles of Washington ; 
being assured it was to the constitution, and not to 
those who administered it, that they were indebted 
fcr their multiplied blessings. But they soon saw, 
that the same compact which had raised them to 
SugI\ an eminence of prosperty, might, in the hands 
of its enemies reduce them to despondency and dis- 
tress. A system, at first cautiously developed, and 
gradually put in practice, but since boldly and ra- 
bidly hastening to its execution, has dissolved the 
f'.tir fabric of their hope and expectations ; and has 
brought Lheir minds to the melancholy conviction, 
that with the best frame of government which the 
World ever saw, they and their children are doomed 
to see and to feel abuses, privations and oppressions 
"which the worst governments have scarcely ever in- 
flicted without being overthrown 

The memorialists have then enumerated the causes 
Which have brought them to this unhappy conviction. 
They have seen a power grow up in the southern and 
Western sections of the union, by the admission and 
multiplication of states, not contemplated by the 
parties to the constitution, and not warranted by its 
principles ; and they forsee an almost infinite pro- 
gression in this system of creation, which threatens 
eventually to reduce the voice of New-England, once 
Powerful and effectual in the national councils, to 
the feeble expression of colonial complaints, unat- 
tended to and disregarded. 

They have seen this strange and spurious power be- 
come the mere organ of executive decrees, and rea- 
dy to register every edict, which issues from the no- 
minal head of the republic, with, as much alacrity 
as the obsequious parliaments of an unrestrained 
despot. They have seen at first an ill-concealed, but 
at last an open and undisguised jealousy of the 
wealth and power of the commercial states, opera- 
ting in continual efforts to embarrass and destroy 
that commerce, which is their life and support.-~- 
They have seen this spirit exhibit itself, in fomenting 
and enlarging subjects of dispute actually arising 
between rival nations, especially in a state qf almost 
universal war, in difficulties thrown in the way of 
adjustment with the greatest commercial nation on 
the globe ; in deceptive pretences to conciliate ; in 
the adoption of the system of exclusion maintained 
by her great enemy, and in submitting to the nume- 
rous injuries and contumelies of that great enemy. 
They have seen it also, in the various measures of 
restriction, practised towards our own people, in 
non-intercourse and non-importation acts, in an em- 
bargo, apparently intended to be perpetual, and 
abandoned only when the distress of the people ma- 
nifested itself in violence, against this self-destroying 
system- li it above all, they have seen in a war, which 
for its actual causes, circumstances and consequen- 
cannot be paralleled in the history of any nation, 
eh has not been given up to the councils of weak 
and profligate rulers. 

The memorialists tee in this deplorable descent 
from national greatness. < '''termination to harrass 
and annihilate ttyat spirit of commerce, which has 
ever been the handmaid of civil and religion-; libefr 
ty ; ar.d to break the free spirit of this people, by 
depriving Ihena of their usual employments, and 
thus forcing the sons of commerce to populate and! 

have not stopped in their complaints at this most un- 
happy and disastrous war ; nor at those miseries 
which, in the unprepared state in which it was 
waged were its legitimate effects. But they com- 
plain also of the war waged upon themselves* 
upon the very people whose blood and treasure are 
to be wasted against the declared enemy of the na- 
tion. They had hoped, from a view of "the conduct 
of most nations at war, that the privations and mis- 
fortunes incident to such a state, would be compen- 
sated by increased protection from their own govern- 
ment ; that, if the usual outlets of commerce Were 
shut, new ones would be opened ; that the trade 
With neutral nations would be indulged and encou- 
raged ; that the means would be supplied them by 
a provident government to meet the exactions and 
contributions, necessary to defray an enormous and 
continually increasing expense. Instead of this, they 
find that, in proportion as the demands of govern- 
ment multiply, the means of complying with them 
are cut off, until their shore fishery and coasting 
trade, the poor remnant which had been left them 
of their once flourishing commerce, are prohibited 
by an act more unfeeling and odious than the Boston 
port bill, which roused the colonies into indepen- 

This act is denounced by all the memorialists in 
the warmest and most energetic language, as a gross 
and palpable violation of the principles of the con- 
stitution j and they express decidedly their opinion 
that it cannot be submitted to without a pusillani- 
mous surrender of those rights and liberties which 
their ancestors brought to these shores, which they 
fought and bled to maintain, and which, we, their 
descendants, ought to be ready to defend at the same 
expense and hazard, or forfeit the character of 

With such a display of grievances, sufferings and 
apprehensions before them couched in terms of af- 
fecting eloquence, and breathing a spirit of firmness 
and resolution to procure by some means competent 
relief, your committee cannot but be forcibly im- 
pressed. They believe in the existence of those 
grievances, and in the causes to which they have 
been ascribed. They believe that this war, so fer- 
tile in calamities, and so threatening in its conse- 
quences, lias been waged with the worst possible 
views and carried on in the worst possible manner j 
forming a union of wickedness and weakness, which 
defies for a parallel the annals of the world. We 
believe also, that its Worst effects are yet to come 3 
that loan upon ioanj tax upon tax, and exaction up- 
on exaction, must be imposed until the comforts of 
the present and the hopes of the rising generation 
are destroyed; An impoverished people, will be an 
enslaved people. An army of sixty thousand men 
become veteran by the time the war is ended, may be 
the instrument, as in former times, of destroying 
even the forms of liberty; and will be as easy to 
establish a president for life, by their arms, as it hag 
been for four years by intrigue. We tremble for the 
liberties of our country ! We think it the duty of 
the present generation to stand between the next 
and despotism. 

The committee are of opinion that the late act 
laying an embargo is unconstitutional, and Void in 
divers of its provisions; not Upon the narrow ground 
that the constitution has expressly prohibited sdeh 
acts, but upon the more broad and liberal ground 
that the people never gave a power to congress to 
enact them. 

\ direct prohibition would have weakened the 

n wilderness, for the benefit of those argument against them 3 because it would have imli; 


dated an apprehension, that such power might be 

A power to regulate commerce is abused when 
employed to destroy it; and a manifest and volun- 
tary abuse of power sanctions the right of resistance, 
as much as a direct and palpable usurpation. The 
sovereignty reserved to the states, was reserved to 
protect the citizens from acts of violence by the 
United States, as well as for purposes of domestic 
regulation. We spurn the idea that t he free, sove- 
reign and independent state of Massachusetts is 
reduced to a mere municipal corporation, without 
power to protect its people, and to defend them from 
•oppression, from whatever quarter it comes. When- 
ever the national compact is violated, and the citi- 
zens of this state are oppressed by cruel and unau- 
thorized law, this legislature is bound to interpose 
its power, and wrest from the oppressor his victim. 

This is the spirit of our union, and thus has it 
been explained by the very man, who now sets at 
defiance all the principles of his early political life. 

The question, then, is not a question of poroer or 
right with this legislature, hvt of time axb expe- 
diency. The committee have deemed it to be their 
duty to stifle their feelings of indignation at the 
strides of despotism, which are visible under the 
guise of liberty, and the forms of law, that they may 
dispassionately consider the various modes of relief, 
which have been suggested by some, or all of the 
memorialists, and report to the legislature the result 
of their deliberations. Three courses have been 
Suggested by the memorialists. 

1. That the legislature should remonstrate to 
congress against the general course of its measures, 
and particularly against the embargo act. 

2. That laws should be passed, tending directly to 
secure the citizens of this commonwealth in their 
persons, and property and rights; and providing 
punishments for all such as should violate them. 

3. That delegates should immediately be appointed 
by the legislature to meet delegates from such other 
states as shall elect any, for the purpose of devising 
proper measures to procure the united efforts of the 
commercial states, to obtain such amendments or 
explanations of the constitution, as will secure them 
from future evils. 

With respect to the first, the committee cannot 
recommend it. 

It h:is been again and again resorted to, and with 
no other effect than to increase the evils complained 
of; and to subject to unjust reproaches and insinu- 
ations, a body, which ought never to be a suppliant 
to any power on earth. 

With respect to the second, as far as it relates to 
acts of violence in the seizure of persons and property 
«on land, without the formalities required by the con- 
stitution of tliis state, we believe that the provisions 
of our state and national constitutions, as well as the 
great principles of the common law are so plain, 
that no act of the legislature can afford any addi- 
tional security. And as to the prohibition "of our 
fcsnenes and coasting trade, the committee cannot, 
at this distressing juncture, recommend a remedy 
to be relied on so inadequate as would be afforded 
by tne enaction of pen .1 laws, 

On the subject of a convention, the committee | 
Observe, that they entertain no doubt of the right of j 
the legislature to invite other states to a convention,! 
and to join it themselves, for the great purposes of! 
consulting for the general good, and of procuring 
amendments to the constitution, whenever thev find 
that the practical construction given to it by the 
rulers, for the time being, j. s contrary to its true 
spirit and injurious to their immediate'constUuents. 
We know of no surer or better way to prevent that 

hostility to the union, the result of oppression- 
which will eventually, terminate in its downfal, than 
for the wise and good, of those states, which deem 
themselves oppressed, to assemble witn delegated 
authority, and to propose, urge, and even insist upon 
such explicit declarations of power, or restriction, 
as will prevent the most hardy from any future 
attempts to oppress, under the color of the consti 
tution. This was thermode proposed by Mr. Madison 
in answer to objections made, as to the tendency of 
the general government, to usurp upon that of the 
Spates. And though he at a former period led the 
legislature of Virginia into an opposition, without 
any justifiable cau--e ; yet it may be supposed that 
he and all others who understand the principles of 
our concurrent sovereignty, will acknowledge the 
fitness and propriety of their asserting rights, which 
no people can ever relinquish. 

But although the committee are convinced of the 
right, all think the legislature ought to vindicate it, 
of acting in concert with other states, in order to 
produce a powerful, and if possible an irresistable 
claim for such alterations, as will tend to preserve 
the union, and restore violated privileges, yet they 
have considered that there are reasons which render 
it inexpedient at the present moment to exercise this 
power. Some of these reasons your committee 
would suggest, that the memorialists may know- 
that their pressing appeals are not postponed from 
any insensibility to them on the part of the legisla- 
ture. The committee would here express their hope 
that the people of this commonwealth, injured and 
oppressed as they have been, will as far as possible 
restrain their feelings of indignation, and patiently 
wait for the effectual interposition of the state go- 
vernment for their relief? and. the committee doubt 
not that the real friends of peace will continue con- 
scientiously to refrain from affording an'y voluntary 
aid or encouragement to this most disastrous war. 

The committee entertain no doubt that the senti- 
ments and feelings expressed in the numerous me- 
morials and remonstrances, which have^ been com- 
mitted to them, are the genuine voice of a vast ma- 
jority of the citizens of this commonwealth. But 
the representatives who are soon to be returned for 
the next general court, will come from the people, 
still more fully possessed of their views and wishes 
as to the alLimportant subject of obtaining by far 
ther compact engrafted into the present constitution, 
a permanent security against future abuses of power; 
and of seeking effectual redress for the grievances 
and oppressions now endured. They will also as- 
seruble, better acquainted with the wishes and dis- 
position of other states, suffering alike with this, to 
act in co-operation for these essential objects. In 
addition to this, some among our constituents in 
dulge a hope of success from the negotiation re- 
cently entered into for the professed purpose of re- 
storing peace to our distracted and divided country. 

Ardently desiring peace, they are disposed to al 
low the government.-some time longer to prove >L> 
sincerity, and to retrace its steps ; but the commit- 
tee are constrained to say, that for themselves they 
can have no belief that peace is approaching. The; 
do not see it in the vast armaments which are prepar- 
ing*, the vast expeuce accruing, j&e demands for- 
Canada made in one quarter, and for Florida in ano 
thei\ They do not see it in the late appointment of 
envovs, one of whom was the most prominent author 
and adviser of the .war, and the other a submissive 
agent in producing it. Thev. cio not see it hi the 
more recent addition of a man to the mission who 
was supposed to be the secret controler of the form- 
er mission, and vested with powers to impede its 
Pacific course, But above all the committee are m- 



credulous on the subject of peace, because no armis 
tice is agreed on or proposed ; for they conceive it 
impossible, that any man at the head oi' a govern- 
ment, would devote'to certain destruction, thousands 
of his innocent fellow beings, driven into the ranks 
by want and distress of his own creating, if he be- 
lieved this terrible sacrifice would be fruitless, and 
that before their blood had become cold, a peace 
would be declared. 

The return of peace would undoubtedly relieve 
the people from many of the burthens which they 
now surfer ; but it is not to be forgotten, how the 
war Wiq produced, how it has been conducted, how 
long its baleful consequences will continue, and how 
easily such evils may be again brought upon us, un- 
less an effectual security be provided. Without war 
experience has shown us, our commerce may be des- 
troyed. Indeed there is now little hope that it will 
eve;- be restored, unless the people of Massachu- 
setts and the other commercial states shall exert 
their united efforts in bringing back the constitution 
to its first principles. 

Under these impressions the committee beg leave 
to conclude by recommending the adoption of the 
following resolutions. All which is respectfully sub- 

By order of the committee, 

D. A. WHITE, Chairman. 
■ Resolved, That the act laying an embargo on all 
ships and vessels in the ports and harbors of the Uni- 
ted States," passed by the congress of the United 
States on the 16th of December, 1813, contains 
provisions not warranted by the constitution of the 
United States, and violating the rights of the people 
qf this commonwealth. 

JResolved, That the inhabitants of the state of Mas- 
sachusetts, have enjoyed, from its earliest settle- 
ment, the right of navigating from port to port 
within its limits and of fishing on its coasts ; that 
the free exercise and enjoyment of these rights are 
essential to the comfort and subsistence of a numer- 
ous class of its citizens ; that the power of prohi- 
biting to its citizens the exercise of these rights was 
never delegated to the general govnrnment; and that 
all laws passed by that government, intended to have 
sttch an effect, are therefore unconstitutional and 

Resolved, That the people of this commonwealth, 
H have a right to be secure from all unreasonable 
searches and seizures of their persons, houses, pa- 
pers, and all their possessions ;" that all laws ren- 
dering liable to seizure the property of a citizen at 
the discretion of an individual, without warrant from 
a magistrate, issued on a complaint, supported on 
oath or affirmation, under the pretence that such 
property is "apparently on its way towards the ter- 
ritory of a foreign nation or the vicinity thereof," 
are arbitrary in their nature, tyrannical in their ex- 
ercise, and subversive of the first principles of civil 

Resolved, That the people of this commonwealth, 
"have a right to be protected in the enjoyment of 
life, liberty, and property, according to standing 
laws ;" and that all attempts to prohibit them in the 
enjoyment of this right, by agents acting under ex- 
ecutive instructions only, and armed with military 
force, are destructive of their freedom and altoge-< 
ther repugnant to the constitution. 

Revolved, That as the well grounded complaints 
of the people constitute a continued claim upon the 
government, until their grievances are redressed, the 
several memorials and remonstrances referred to the 
committee aforesaid, be delivered to his excellency 
the governor, with request that he or his successor 
in office would cause the same to be laid before the 

next general court at an early day in their first ses- 

In the house of representatives, Feb. 18, 1814. — 
Read and accepted. 

Sent up for concurrence. 


Proceedings had at the town of Nkwbuiit, January 
31, 1814.— (Extracts.) 

" We have seen with regret and astonishment, the 
appointment of two commissioners to negociate a 
peace with Great Britain (after accepting an over- 
ture from that nation to treat) who it is well known, 
were strenuous advocates for the present war and 
those extravagant pretensions to national rights set 
up by our government, which, if persisted in, all 
hopes of peace must be abandoned. 

" In this alarming state of things we can no longer 
be silent. When our unquestionable rights are in- 
vaded, we will not sit down and coldly calculate 
what it may cost us to defend them. We will 
not barter the liberties of our children for slavish 
repose, nor surrender our birth-right, but ivith our 

" We remember the resistance of our fathers to 
oppressions, which dwindle into insignificance -when 
compared ivith those tvhich we are called on to endure. 
The right "which we have received from God, we 
will never yield to man," We call upon our state 
legislature to protect us in the enjoyment of those 
privileges, to assert which our fathers died ; and to 
defend which we profess ourselves R EJIDY TO RE- 
SIST UNTO BLOOD. We pray your honorable 
body to adopt measures immediately to secure to us 
especially our undoubted right of trade within our 

" We are ourselves ready to aid you in securing it 
to us, to the utmost of our power, ^peaceably if we 
can, forcibly if we must," and we pledge to you the 
sacrifice of our LIVES and PROPERTY in support 
of whatever measures, the dignity and liberties of 
this free, sovereign and independent state, may seem 
to your wisdom to demand. 

SILAS LITTLE, Moderator. 

EZRA HALE, Town clerk." 


Proceedings of Ltucolnville. 

At a legal town meeting* of the inhabitants of 
Lincolnshire, convened the 9th day of Feb. A. D, 
1814, for the purpose of taking into consideration 
the expediency of petitioning the president of the 
United States, or the legistature of the state of Mas- 
sachusetts, on the subject relative to a repeal or 
amendment of the embargo law ; after due conside- 
ration, and the sense of the meeting being taken, it; 
was voted to choose captain Josiah Stetson, modera- 
tor, by a large majority, and to choose a committee 
of five to draught resolutions ; and the following 
gentlemen were chosen, viz : Philip Ulmer, Esq. 
Nathaniel MilUken, captain James Mahoney, Mr, 
John Mahoney, and major Jacob Ulmer, who drew 
up the following resolutions, which were accepted 
by the town by a large majority aad ordered to be 

" Resolved, That this town has full confidence in 
the administrators of our present republican govern- 
ment ; that we rest in full assurance that they have 
wisdom and energy to support the rights and inde- 
pendence of the free and enlightened people of these 
United States. Engaged in a war urged upon us by 
a proud, haughty, and tyrannical nation, we feel it 
our indispensable duty to use our utmost endeavors 

* The meeting was called at the request of twelve 
faction men. 


\r> support it in the most vigorous manner, until we 
can obtain a permanent and honorable peace ; a 
peace which shall secure to us those sacred rights 
which were obtained by the patriots of '76 — rights 
which we are determined never to sacrifice to the 
pride of Britain, or relinquish to the vain prattlers 
of their deluded allies in the legislature of Massa- 
chusetts : Therefore, we do not hesitate to raise our 
hands in support of the war until it shall terminate 
in such a pence. 

Resolved, That we view the late message of the 
chief magistrate of this commonwealth to the senate 
and house of representatives, as breathing a spirit 
of dissolution of the union, and rebellion against the 
general government, rather than a spirit of union, 
peace and harmony, among a tree, enlightened peo- 
ple; which ought to be the chief study and greatest 
delight of a man worthy to fill such a staiion. 

Resolved, That we neither fear the threats, nor 
regard the flatteries of the songs of confusion and 
discord, sung by a rebellious party in the legislature 
of this state. 

Resolved, That a large majority of this town will, 
at the risk of their lives and property, use all lawful 
means to support the laws and constitution of the 
United States; and will hold in utter contempt those 
who may endeavor to evade the same; and such as 
do, we will do our utmost endeavors to bring to 
condign punishment. 

(Signed) JOSIAH STETSON, Moderator. 

Attest — Jacob Uimkr, clerk pro. tern. 
Detention of specie at JVeiv-York. 

The following is a copy of the message of his ex- 
cellency the governor communicated to the legis- 
lature : 
Gentlemen of the Senate and 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives. 

Agreeably to the request of the legislature in 
their resolve of the 27th of Jannary last, I transmit- 
ted to the president of the United States a copy of 
the said resolution, together with the evidence in 
support of the complaint of the memorialists, and 
of the abuse that was committed; and at the same 
time addressed a letter to the president, expressive 
of the sensibility of the legislasure on that occassion, 
and its reliance that the collector would be compel- 
led immediately to restore the money unjustly seiz- 
ed and detained ; and that the president would be 
pleased to remove the said collector from his said 

I have this morning received from the president 
an answer to the letter abovementioned, which will 
be laid before you by the secretary. 


Council Chamber*, Feb. 14, 1814 

Copy of the President's answer to the letter from go- 
vernor Strong. 

Washington, Feb. 7, 1814. 

Sir — I have duly received your communication, 
bearing date Jan. 18, on the subject of a sum of 
money seized and detained from the hands of an 
agent of a bank in Boston, by a custom-house offi- 
cer of the city of New York, and requesting that 
orders may be given for the restoration of the mo- 
ney, and that the officer may be removed from his 

As the course of proceeding marked out by the 
law, for the parties complaining is sufficiently un- 
derstood, it remains only to assure your excellency 
that the case will receive whatever interposition may 
be necessary and proper, in their behalf, from the 
executive authority of the United Slates. 

The case 5 as it relates to the responsible officer. 

will be duly inquired into, with a view to ascertain 
the circumstances on which the seizure and deten- 
tion in question were grounded, and by which his 
conduct therein ought to be tested. 

Accept assurances of my consideration and rev 

Letter from Mr. Dexter. 

From the Boston Palladium. 


The delicate propriety established by usage, in 
our country, forbids that a man, standing as a can- 
didate for office, should address the electors. If the 
subscriber had consented to being placed in that 
situation, this rule would bind him to silence. — 
Though he answered while at home, that he was not 
a candidate for office, republican newspapers in the 
vicinity of the seat government, where he now is, 
have published an opposite statement. 

This singular state of things seems to require an 
explanation. In performing this duty, he may dissent 
from some favorite doctrines and measures of men 
high in influence and respectability in both the po- 
litical parties that now divide the country. Candid 
men will not attribute this to any indirect or un- 
worthy motive; the others, when their intellectual 
optics are stimulated by passion, or darkened by 
prejudice, will see some mischievous purpose in a 
mere attempt to be understood in his own conduct, 
and to explain his objections to that of others. 

Hopeless indeed would be a:, effort to acquire 
influence by pursuing a course offensive to the lead- 
ers of both parties that convulse the nation. Such 
active spirits have both power and inclination to 
diminish any man in public estimation who opposes 
he projects of their ambition, while the native vis 
inertia of veal patriotism prevents support from those 
quiet citizens who agree with him in opinion. 

The principal subjects, on which politicians at 
present divide, are the system of restriction on our 
commerce, and the war with Great Britain. On the 
former, the writer differs radically from the party 
called republican, and he chuses they should know 
it. At the same time he is utterly unable to reconcile 
some of the leading measures of federalists, as to 
the latter, with the fundamental principles of civil 
society, and the indispensable duty of every citizen 
in all countries, but especially in the American re- 
public, to hold sacred the union of his country. It 
is the opinion, probably, that has produced the sin- 
gulit* fact of his being nominated for the first office 
in the commonwealth by a political party to which 
he does not belong. 

The objections against the restrictive system 
which have governed his decision on it, shall be 
briefly stated, without stopping to offer arguments 
to prove them. He believes, 

1st. That it overleaps the bounds of constitutional 

2dly. That it is impossible to execute it, 

3dly. That the attempt to do so corrupts us, by 
destroying the correct habits of our merchants, and 
rendering perjury familiar. 

4thly. That it would be ineffectual to coerce fo- 
reign nations, if executed. 

5thly. That it is unjust and oppressive to the com- 
mercial part of the community, as it destroys invalu-. 
able interests which the government is bound to 

6thly. That it completely sacrifices ouv only con-, 
siderable source of revenue, and reduces us to de- 
pend on a meagre supply from internal taxation, or 
to accumulate an enormous public debt by loans 


procured on hard terms, which government has no 
adequate funds to reimburse. 

Tthlv. That it aims a fatal blow at our unexampled 
progress in wealth and general improvement. 

If these objections be well founded, none will deny 
that they are sufficient. The proof of them would be 
too elaborate for the present occasion. A wise policy 
would not have resorted to an untried theory so 
ruinous and inadequate for redress of the serious 
aggressions we have suffered from the belligerent 
powers of Europe) in full view of the success which 
had crowned more magnanimous efforts. Washing- 
ton', by making firm and temperate remonstrance 
against the first unequivocal important violation of 
our national rights, induced Great Britain to make 
compensation ; and during the administration of 
AniMs, the pride of France was humbled by an ap- 
peal to arms. 

This is the only mode which the experience of na- 
tions points out to guard against injury and insult 
accumulating by submission until the patient suffer- 
ing country be annihilated or enslaved. 

On the other hand, when the government were 
u kicked into a war," the writer did not. feel himself 
at liberty to practise indiscriminate opposition, to 
paralyze the public energy by degrading the re 
sources and magnanimity of our country, and exag- 
gerating those of Britain, to justify the public ene- 
my in measures that admitted of no excuse, and 
thus diminish the chance for a speedy and honorable 
peace, and endanger the union of the states. It is a. 
fundamental law of every civil society, that when a 
question is settled by the constituted authority, 
every individual is bound to respect the decision.— - 
The "momentous question, whether war was just and 
necessary, has been thus settled. Peace can only be 
restored'by a treaty to which Great Britain shall as-' 
sent, and reasonable terms are not to be obtained 
from her by proving to the world that we are unable 
or unwilling to maintain our rights by the sword*— *- 
The privilege of every citizen to examine the con- 
duct of rulers is unquestionable, though in speak- 
ing to his country he may be overheard by her ene- 
mies. But this right, like every other, may be abu- 
sed. What good effect is to be expected from cre- 
ating division when engaged in War with a powerful 
nation that has not yet explicitly shown that she is 
willing to agree to reasonable- terms of peace ? Why 
make publications and speeches to prove that we 
are absolved from allegiance to the national govern- 
ment, and hint that an attempt to divide the empire 
might be justified ? But the writer goes further 
he has never doubted that 1 he British orders in coun 
cil, when actually enforced, where a flagrant viola 
tion of our rights and national honor, and conse 
quently a just cause of declaring war. As to the 
best time of performing this painful duty, and the 
best manner of conducting the war, he has differed 
from the government, but surely they are competent 
to decide on these paints, and private opinion, though 
it be decently expressed, is bound to submit. On 
such occasions, regret for the refractory principle 
in OUT nature, which scatters through nations the 
misery, crimes and desolation of war, will rend the 
bosom of the benevolent man ; but if he be also 
magnanimous and- just, this will not tempt him to 
violate his duty, or repine at the arrangement of 
Heaven. The history of civil society proves that it 
^s a. terrible necessity, and man must submit to his 
destiny. Still greater evils are produced by pusilla- 
nimous shrinking from conformity to the mysterious 
law of his present condition. 

The ferocious contest that would bo the effect of 

attempting to skulk from » participation of the bur- 

►f war, by severing the Union, would not be 

the greatest calamity. — Yet fierce would he the cgt> 
flict of enraged partizans, embittered by personal 
animosity and rivalry, organized under different go- 
vernments about equal in number, and viewing each 
other as traitors. 

In Massachusetts during the revolutionary war,ai> 
overwhelming majority silenced opposition, and pre- 
vented mutual havoc, but in other parts of the coun- 
try, where parties were more nearly equal, neighbor? 
often shot each other in their houses, or instantly 
hanged their prisoners. Divided as New-England 
now is, such would probably be its warfare. Inter- 
minable hostility between neighboring rival nations, 
would be the consequence of accomplishing such a 
severance. Foreign faction would convulse each of 
them ; for a weak state can no more maintain itst 
rights, against powerful nations, without foreign 
support, than a feeble man can defend himself among 
giants, without laws to protect him. The question 
would ever be, which powerful nation shall be our 
ally ? Great Britain and France would each have a 
strong faction, but patriotism would be unknown. — 
The energy of the state "Would be exhausted in 
chasing its master. — This slavery would be aggra- 
vated by despotism at home, for constant wars would 
require great armies and resistless power in rulers, 
and these have ever been fatal to liberty. 

If the question be asked, what is to be done when 
we conscientiously believe that a ruinous course pi 
measures is pursued by our national rulers, and the 
dearest rights and interests of a great part of the 
union disregarded and sacrificed, the answer is, 
examine the conduct and expose the the errors of 
government without preaching sedition. Give libe- 
ral support to their measures when right, that yon 
may be err ilited when you show that they are wrong 
Indiscriminate opposition raises no presumption 
against them, but it demonstrates that the minority 
are in fault. Truth is powerful and will command 
success, but error naturally tends to destruction. In 
ever}- system, perfect enough to be capable of con- 
tinued existence, a vi.a mediculrix exists that will 
restore it if not prevented by improper management 
Quackery may prolong disease, and even destroy the, 
political as well as the natural body. It is not diffi-. 
cult to point to the intrinsic principle of conva- 
lescence in our body politic $ and to shew that the 
redemption of New-Enland is not only possible, but 
probable". The natural shape and division of politi 
cal party would be very different from that which now 
exists. The eastern and southern Atlantic states arc 
made for each other. A man and woman might as 
reasonably quarrel on account of the differences in 
their formation. New-England would soon be re- 
stored from nihility in the political system, if im- 
proper expedients for sudden r.Jief were abandoned. 
Something may be done to accelerate its progress * 
but reproach and invective aggravate the raging 
of passion, and confirm prejudices which are already 
inveterate* Magnanimous moderation, candid dis- 
cussion, and experience of the Utopian projects, 
would do much to convinced majority of the commu- 
nity, that commerce is entitled to protection ; that 
it is too valuable to the public to be sacrificed ; that 
it is contradictory and unreasonable for the govern- 
ment to render great expenditures necessary by a 
declaration of War, and at the same time dry up. 
tlic only productive source of revenue ;, to ask for a 
loan of twenty -five millions, and at the same moment 
destroy the confidence of the commercial parts of 
the country, where only capital stock exits' ; to lay- 
taxes sufficient to produce popular odium, but t he- 
product of which will be inadequate to relieve the 
public necessity ; and to prosecute at an enormous, 
expense, a useless and hopeless invasion, whhe-iv* 



ling from a legislative body, a 

Weil or money, or credit, and with a disgusted peo- faction, either as issum 

Me. The resourced and energy of a powerful nation ] maniac governor, or discontented or ■ 

ought not to be wasted in the wilderness, but thrown 

on the element where our wrongs were inflicted, and 
our brave countrvmen have already repeatedly tri- 
umphed. They are adequate to teaching our ene- 
mies to imitate the justice of Jupiter, white they 
affect to scatter his thunderbolts. 


Washington, February 14, 1814. 

This letter has given rise to many remarks in the 
newspapers, mid no little abuse of Mr. Dexter. It 
seems agreed that he will stand as a candidate, and it 
is likely he will be elected. The following notice of the 
tetter (to shew the opinionheld of it by the faction J is 
copied from the leading Boston paper r 

"The letter of the hon. Mr. Dexter is precisely 
such a paper as we should have expected, from the 
opinions which he has maintained for the lust eigh- 
teen months, and from the growing favor which the 
Democrats have exhibited towards him. 

"No men know their interest or sound more cor- 
rectly and thoroughly their partizans before they 
promote them to office, better than the democratic 

" Mr. Dexter, it would seem, suits them exactly. 
We judge this from the ardor with which they sup- 
port him. We shall hereafter shew that they are not 
mistaken in their calculations. 

"The principles advanced in his letter will para- 
lyze the efforts of J\Tew- England, and promote all the 
'views of administration as effectually, as if he did 
not profess an opposition to them in some minor 

" Of what consequence is it to New -England, that 
Mr. Dexter is opposed to the embargo, if he is in 
Favor of the war and of taxes, of loans and tailing 
out the militia, When we know that Kentucky and 
all the southern states declare that the embargo is 
the favorite measure ? 

" They will easily pardon Mr. Dexter a theoretical 
difference, if he practically supports their measure 
rj-nd denounces the federalists, as being £ active spi- 
rits and AMBITIOUS MKJs.' " 

magogues ; that the friends of our country and go- 
vernment may rest assured, the people of this state- 
will meet internal insurrection with the same promp 
titude they will the invasion of a cruel, vindictive 
and savage foe. 

Fsxolved, That this legislature view, With JCgnel 
and disapprobation, the conduct of those of our re- 
presentatives in both houses of congress, who, in 
attempting to thwart the measures of government, 
paralize the energetic prosecution of the war, and 
retard the speedy return of honorable peace. 

fiesolved, That whilst we approve the prompt ac- 
ceptance of our government to renew the negotia- 
tions of peace on an offer made by Great Britain., 
we repose an entire confidence in the wisdom, firm- 
ness and virtue of the executive and general govern- 
ment, and fear not to put to the hazard of war al« 
that man holds dear, in defence of the inestimable 
blessings of liberty and independence. 
Council Chamber," February 12, 1814. 
By order of conned. 

WM. S. PENNINGTON, President. 
House of assembly, Feb. 12, 1814. 

Read and concurred in. By order of the house. 
EPiiRAlM BA'fEMAN, Speaker 

Legislature of New-Jersey. 

The following preamble and resolutions were adopted 
by both houses of the legislature on Saturday the 
I2th ultimo— in council, without debate; in the 
house, after a violent opposition : 


We, the representatives of the state of New^Jer- 
sey, in council and. general assembly convened, in 
order to prevent any misrepresentations a former le- 
gislature may have made to the government or peo- 
ple of the United States, relative to the principles 
and opinions of our constituents, deem it a duty to 
express our sentiments respecting our national con- 
perns — Therefore^ 

Resolved, That peace, on terms of equity and re- 
ciprocity, is at all times, the desire of the people of 
this state, as well as of the United States, and that 
war ought only to be resorted to when all other 
means of redressing' our grievances or maintaining 
pur rights, have proved ineffectual. 

Resolved, That GreaL Britain, having long contU 
nued to heap insult upon aggressions-attempting to 
©xcite disunion of the states — refusing satisfaction 
For past wrongs, or to guarantee against future in- 
juries, has fully justified our government in having 
recourse to arms. < 

Resolved, That this legislature regards, with con/ 
f&mpt a nd abhorrence, the ravings of an infuriated I exert all his industry 

Dinger to general Windeh. This gentlemen, de- 
tained m Canada, as one of the hostages selected by 
the British government in the system of retaliation, 
that the United States had found it necessary to 
adopt, was permitted to return hither on his parole 
for CO days, and is understood to have brought some 
propositions to our government, the nature of which 
has not transpired* About to return to captivity, he 
was inVitedto a splendid entertainment prepared at 
Barney's Inn, on Monday last. The mayor, Edward 
Johnson, Esq. presided, assisted by Judge J\*icholson, 
md the venerable .tamts It. M'Culloch, Esq. Among 
the invited guests Were several officers of the army 
and navy. After dinner the following, among other, 

toasts were drank. Our country the president of 

the tJnited States— — -the vice president 

The brave who have fallen in battle — Canonized in 
the hearts of their countrymen. 

T/i£ 'brave' ivho have survived — What meed of 
praise is due to him who sacrificed the brightest 
prospects of fortune and the joys of domestic life, 
for the toils and dangers of flood and field ? 

As this toast pointed at general Winder too direct- 
ly to be misunderstood, the company rose and greet- 
ed it with three cheers. 

Judge Nicholson then proposed as a volunteer — 
The health of our fellow townsman, brigadier 
general Wixi)EH--May he soon be restored to that 
Career of glory from which he was untimely snatched 
by one of those accidents which no human foresight 
can prevent. 

This toast was also received with heartfelt plea- 
sure, and greeted with nine cheers. 

General Winder immediately rose and said — "The 
emotions which this scene, and more particularly 
the last toast, had excited in his breast, were too 
powerful to permit him to express in any adequate 
language the strong sensibility with which he receiv- 
ed from his fellow townsmen those marks of friend- 
ship and confidence towards him. He could only 
say, if an opportunity should again be afforded him* 
(which he ardently prayed might be soon) he should 
and such powers as he Iiad^ 



to justify the kind expectations which had been in- 
dulgently entertained by his friends." . 

After repeated bursts of applause the following' 
toasts wore given : — — 

Our citizens in captivity — May the}* feel that their 
country estimates them, not by success or disaster, 
but has honors for the sufferer as well as triumphs 
for the victor. 

The memory of Washington The author of the 

declaration of independence The mission to Gotten- 

burg, &c. &c. 

" The seamen of the United States — May the hand 
that impresses them be broken, and he that sub- 
scribes to their oppression be its victim.'* 


By brigadier -general Winder — Lawrence — He has 
•aught us how to conquer and how to die. 

By the president of the day — The sons of Maryland 
found with honor to themselves wherever the ei>emy 
appears, from Canada to the shores of Chili. 

By J. H. JI'Gidloch, vice president — Our brethren 
of the west — Were we to withhold our praise, the 
stones in the streets would cry aloud. 

By J. H. Nicholson, vice president— Our brethren 
in the east— May they recollect the time when we 
were brethren indeed. 

By major Armistcad, 3d regt. of artillery — Our 
officers and soldiers in captivity — An eye for an eye, a 
tooth for a tooth. 

Here general Winder arose and said, "He was sa 
tisfied that the very short time which was allowed 
him to remain with his family, would be a sufficient 
apology for his retiring- so early from this flattering 
scene— The last toast,'* said he, "will remind you of 
the state to which I am about to return, and that 
my country may ere long be called upon to carry in- 
to effect for me, the principle contained in that toast. 
In any extremity which may arrive, the sympathy 
which has been so warmly and so promptly evinced 
towards me, by so many of my respectable fellow- 
citizens, will form one among the many strong incen 
tives to fortitude — and will, I trust, assist me in sup 
porting myself in the bitterest moments as becomes 
a soldier." 

The general then retired, and the sensations of 
the company can be better conceived than described 

Judge Nicholson afterwards proposed — The Ame- 
rican Itegulus returning to the modern Carthage. 

Trade. — A boat loaded with mutton and shoes, 
bound from Connecticut river to the blockading 
squadron off JVeiv London, was taken at Lyme, about 
15 days ago. The traders made their escape. 

Anti-comihercial. — In the "Star" of Feb. 2, (says 
the Long Island paper) we gave credit to a party 
from Sag Harbor, for rescuing some cattle from the 
enemy at Oysterpond Point ; we are since informed 
that this patriotic act was performed by captain Fre- 
derick King, who has so highly offended the British 
''and their friends on shore) that he is obliged to 
leave his residence for his personal safety. 

Recrlitiso. — We hear from all quarters of the 
brilliant success that has attended the recruiting 
service, under the new law ; and believe as many 
men as are desired will be obtained, by the time 
.hat we shall want them. 

Vraonrzi militia— Return for the year 1813 — 
Infantry, including officers . . . 68,330 
Cavalrv, do. <S. 5,217 

Artillery 2,254 

Total strength .... 75,801 
Baltimore vessels. — Three of our schooners, with 
aluable cargoes, arrived at New York, on the 23d 

-Fbehch co5scbiptio».'''— The trial of certain 

persons at Philadelphia, by a court-martial, for r e ' 
fusing militia duty, is called "the entering wedge °f 
a horrible French conscription /" 

A nice article. — The following neat voluntew 
was given at com. Perry's dinner in Philadelphia. 

Com. Peuhy, the hero and m^rch nt, who defeat- 
ed "the royal navy," and deposited the balance, "a 
kind of mercantile military," in the banks of Erie. 

Clay and Russel took their departure from New 
York, in the corvette John .Mams, captain Angus, 
oh the 23d ult. We wish them a pleasant vovage 
and a successful mission. 

Custom house entries at Philadelphia, from the 
18th to the 25th of February—Iron, 14758 bars, ,nd 

121 bundles, from Stock aim Goat skins 540, 

merchandize 4 Cis>, coffee 3 Ob gs and 3 barrels, 
sugar 350 hhds. $ tierces ami 326 barrels j with se- 
veral less important articles, From St. Bartholomews. 
Abstract from merchandize entere d at the custom- 
house of the port of Newport, from January 31st, 

to February 4ih inclusive, viz. 

2550 boxes, 112 hhds. 43 tierces, and 220 b.'ds. 
Sugars; 616 hhds. 64 tierce*, and 60bbts; Molas- 
ses ; 812 bags (102, 160 lbl) coffee ; 40 b •;. s pi- 
mento ; 2166 goat skins ; 404 hides ; 187 quintals 
pig copper; segars, a qu n'it)*. 

The Pottowatimhs. — Th*- chief Black P tridg^, 
and 10 of the warriors of the Pottowatomie indians, 
arrived at Si. Louis about the 8(h of January, V so- 
licit and make terms of peace. Governor Clark Ivdd 
a council with them. They appeared very humble; 
and of their own accord offered six of the]:- number 
as hostages for the good behaviour of the tribe, who 
were retained. 


From the north we have nothing particular except 
what follows. The troops lately at French mills, iud 
been marched to Sacketts y Harbor and part to Pla.tis- 
burg, with all their stores, &c. Whatever buildings 
had been erected were destroyed. The Boston Chro- 
nicle of the 28d» February, says — "We understand 
by a gentleman who arrived in this town last even- 
ing from Burlington, that a party of Br'if ish troops, 
consisting of about 2000, under the command' of 
colonel Scott, lately crossed over to French Mills, 
and from thence proceeded to* Malone, and Chateau- 
gay Four Corners; but apprehending an attack fiom. 
the American army at Plattsburg, they precipitately 
retreated in the midst of a violent storm of snow and. 
hail, on Sunday evening, 20th instant, towardsGoteau 
de Lac. They enquired with much earnestness 
about Forsyth's regiment, and appeared to owe them 
a particular enmity. 

About 60 regulars had deserted from them and 
were with the American army „,t Plattsburg. They 
were principally Irish, and stated that one half the 
regiment to which they belonged would desert, 
should opportunity offer. The gentleman from whom 
we procured the above intelligence, was made pri- 
soner by this partisan corps, but having a previous 
parole in his pocket was released. He had sent an 
express to general Wilkinson, apprising him of the 
movements of the enemy. 

The British officers, prisoners of war, ordered 
from Burlington to Cheshire, Mass. have all, except 
two, violated their parole of honor, and asserted to 
Canada. They were, however, arrested and confined 
in Montreal prison, by the enemy. 

The senate of New- York have passed a bill, with 
liberal provisions, to raise 4000 state troops to serve 
one year. 

The Creeks. — A body of excellent men 1020 
strong, has marched from South Carolina against tha 
Creeks. They are chiefly volunteers. 



British piot. — Chilicothe,CO.J Feb. 15. — On Fri- 
day list, information which could be depended on, 
was received by colonel John B. Campbell, com- 
manding* the United States troops in this state, that 
the British prisoners encamped in this neighborhood, 
had laid a plan to rescue their officers from the cus- 
tody of the marshal ; and with them, to force their 
way into Canada. From what we have been able to 
learn, it appears that a correspondence had been 
kept, up between the officers and the men, ever since 
the l»st confinement of the former, in which it had 
been decided that the latter should rise upon their 
guard in the night, seize their arms, and after re 
leasing their officers, to set fire to the town, and 
then proceed to some part of the British dominions 
This attempt, desperate as it may appear, might pro- 
bably have been carried into execution, had it not 

l>een for the limely interposition of Providence. — 

Two of the British oflipers, lieuts. Slokoe and Pui 

vis, disclosed their intention, under an injunction of 

secrecy, to a gentleman of this town, who, being a 

federalist, they considered as a common friend. — 

This gentleman, however, having collected all the 

necessary information, acquainted colonel Campbell 

therewith, who, with the concurrence of governor 

Meigs, gave immediate orders to put the British 

officers in irons ; the prisoners' guard was doubled; 

the militia were called out, and remained on duty 

the whole night; and every precaution taken to 

avert the impending danger. These vigorous mea- 
sures had the desired effect. Order was quickly 

restored ; and the hopes of the prisoners soon va- 
nished. Since the discovery of the plot, the British 

officers have freely acknowledged it ; and say that 

they gave information thereof to one of our fellow 

citizens, because they knew that if the attempt was 

made its consequences would have proved most fa- 
tal to themselves. Much credit is certainly due to 

colonel Campbell for his zeal and activity on this 


Yesterday afternoon, the British officers who were 

in confinement here, were sent to Frankfort, (Ky.) 

under a strong escort. 

British compliment. — London, Dec. 14. — "Sir 
Philip Broke is to be honored with a gold medal to 
be worn with his full uniform for the capture of the 

The above mark of distinction, says the Post, 
conferred on the officer who succeeded, only after a 
desperate battle, in capturing an American frigate 
of equal force, and loss of her commander in the 
beginning of the engagement, impliedly but unavoid 
ly contains the highest compliment to the superior 
bravery of the American navy. — Is it any where re- 
corded in English history, that a similar mark of dis- 
tinction, in, a. similar case, was ever conferred on an 
English commander for acheiving such a victory over 
a frigate of France, Spain or any other nation ? No. 

Pjttsburg, Feb. 18. 
A letter from a gentleman at Detroit, to his friend 
in this place, dated 5th Feb. 1814, says—" A scout- 
ing party of our men have just returned from the 
river Thames, and have brought in eight prisoners, 
among them is the famous Francis Bauby. I under- 
stand he has this day been examined by the com- 
manding officer, and the excuse he makes is, that 
he was on his way to see his family; but it is well 
known that he Was at the burning of Buffalo, as Mr. 
M'Comb who is here now, saw him there ; and it is 
also well known, that he has been acting deputv 
quarter maVer general to the British troops: this is 
a clear proof to me that he is in advance of the army 

to procure the necessary provisions. We expect^n brig belonging and bound 
attack, but are prepared to meet it." 'Bartholomews in ballast) 


An additional enemy force has appeared ofTtht 

The L . S. sloop of war Frolic, captain Bainbridgt y 
lias sailed from Boston; and the U. S. brig Syren, 
lieutenant Parker, from Salem. The former is spo- 
ken of in the highest terms of approbation. 

The following U. S. vessels are at sea — the frigate 
Constitution, 44 ; Essex 32 ; Adams 26 ; Frolic 18, 
Syren 14 ; Enterprize 14 ; Rattlesnake 14. 

The Peacock sloop of war, 18, is also ready for 
sea at JVeiv York ; she is thought to be the fastest 
sailing vessel in our navy, and her appearance on tlte 
water is spoken of as beautiful beyond description. 

A valuable brig was captured by the Fox, of Sa- 
lem, in her late cruise and manned and ordered for 
the United States. Two days after the privateer had 
left her, she was fallen in with by two French fri- 
gates ; captain Damerell, the prize master, suppos- 
ing them to be English, hoisted a Swedish flag. But 
the French commodore sent a boat on board order- 
ing the officer to set fire to her immediately, as 
there were three other vessels in sight ; which was 
done under the belief that she was a Swedish vessel. 
When the prize master and his crew were carried on 
board, and the matter was duly represented, the 
commodore expressed his regret for what had hap- 
pened, and told the prize-master that the next ves- 
sel he took should be given him in compensation for 
the brig destroyed. On the same day the frigates 
captured the Portuguese brig Prince Regent, from 
New Haven, bound to Cayenne, with a cargo of flour 9 
lumber, &c. and according to promise, she was giv- 
en up to captain D. and crew for reasons as before 
stated. The Prince Regent being short of water, 
captain Damerell put into St. Barts, where he found 
the owner of the vessel, who immediately claimed 
her of the governor, and she was ordered to be de- 
livered up to him, which was complied with. 
Copy of a letter from commodore Rodgei^s to the secre- 
tary of the navy. 
United States frigate President, 

Sandy Hook bay, Feb. 19, 1814. 

Sir — I have to acquaint you that I arrived at my 
present anchorage last evening at 5 o'clock, after a 
cruise of 75 days, and now have the honor to detail 
to you the particulars. 

In pursuance of your directions, I sailed from 
Providence the 5th December ; and although I ex- 
pected to have run the gaunlet through the enemy's 
squadron that was reported to be cruizing between 
Block Island and Gayhead for the purpose of inter- 
cepting the President, I had the good luck to avoid 
them. The day after leaving Providence, Ire-cap- 
tured the American schooner Comet, of and bound 
to New York with a cargo of cotton from Savannah, 
which had been captured by the Ramilies and Loire;, 
and in their possession about 48 hours. In a few 
hours after re-capturing the Comet, a sail was dis 
covered to eastward, which I felt inclined to avoid, 
from the circumstance of the weather being hazy^ 
and knowing that I was in the neighborhood of an 
enemy's squadron ; from an advantage of wind she 
was enabled, however to gain our lee beam at a dis- 
tance of 3 or 4 miles, owing to which I was induced 
to shorten sail, with the intention of offering he' 
battle in the morning, should nothing else be in sigh' 
and she not be a ship of the line. The weather be- 
coming more obscure at 2 o'clock, prevented on: 
seeing her until day-light, when she stood from u« 
to the N. E. although t!-.e President was hove tooi» 
let her come up. From this date until the Softh, v - 
did not see a single sail, except the Recovery : 
to Penobscot, from S 
ntl'l after reaching 1 lb* 



long. 35 and lat. 19, being: carried that fur eastward 
by a severe S. W, gale, accompanied by such a hea- 
vy sea, as to render heaving too impracticable with- 
out infinite risk, when two large sails were discover- 
ed standing to the northward, and lo which I gave 
chase, believing 1 , as well from the situation in which 
they were first discovered, as the manifest disposi- 
tion they afterwards shewed to avoid a separation, 
that one was a frigate and the other an Indiaman un- 
der her convoy ; in this I was mistaken, for on a 
nearer approach 1 could discover the headmost was 
a frigate with 7 ports abaft her gangway, and the 
other a ship of equal or little inferior force ; on dis- 
covering their decided superiority, and supposing 
them to be the enemy's ships, 1 endeavored during 
the succeeding night to separate them by steering- 
different courses and occasionally shewing a light : 
but was unable to succeed, for the headmost at one 
time was so near that she fired a shot over us, whilst 
her consort was but a few hundred yards astern of 

I now directed our course to be altered, made 
sail, and continued the remainder of the night to 
shew them a light occasionally, but to no effect, as 
at day-light they were discovered to be in a situa- 
tion to unite their force. After this I shaped a 
course to reach a position to windward of Barbadoes, 
on a parallel of longitude with Cayenne, and did not 
meet another vessel 'till the 30th, when falling in 
vv'ith a Portuguese brig, and receiving information 
that she had been boarded 36 hours before by two 
British store ships bound to the West Indies with 
>30 troops on board, I crouded sail to the westward 
• n the hope of overtaking them ; in this I was again 
disappointed, and after a pursuit of four davs, haul- 
ed further southward to gain the latitude of Barba- 
does ; and in that situation on the 5ih of January, 
captured the British merchant ship Wanderer, of ( 
guns and 16 men, from London bound to Jamaica, 
partly loaded with plantation stores, and after taking 
from her such light articles as were of most value 
itink her. In the same position on the 7th, 1 fell in 
with the British merchant ship Prince George, in the 
character of a cartel with prisoners, which with 
four other other British vessels had been captured 
'jy two French 44 gun frigates, the Medusa and 
Vynrph, the same ships I had fallen in with 14 days 
before. On board of the Prince Ceorge I sent the 
prisoners captured in the Wanderer to Barbadoes on 
parole. On the 9th of January, while still to wiud- 
raid of Barbadoes, I captured the ship Edward of 
i:is and 8 men, from London bound to Laguira 
l ballast — which vessel I also sunk, Having learnt 
front the master of the Edward as well as those of the 
Wanderer and Prince George, that they had been 
separated in the bay of Biscay from their convoy, 
consisting of the Queen 74, two frigates and two 
■loops ot war, 1 was induced, owing to a belief that 
the convoy was still to the eastward, to remain to 
'.ward of Barbadoes until the InVn January ; when 
finding they must have passed, 1 changed my ground 
ami ran off Cayenne, and from thence down the 
inam, Berbjce and Demeram, through 
kjtween Tobago and Grenada ; thence through the 
Carribean sea, . long thesOuth east side of Ponorico, 
through the &fona Passage-, down tire north side of 
Jamaica and other leewaid islands, without meeting 
a. single vessel of lite enemy, or any other than 4 Spa- 
i drogers and one Swedish ship, until I got near 
the Manilla Beef; near which, after capturing and 
sinking the British schooner Jonathan, loaded with 
mm and dry goods, (the most valuable part of which 
I took on board) I hauled over for the Florida shore 
and truck •■ Hidings f>fl" St. Augustine, and from 
-■ ■•• dings as far as Charleston, pass- 

ing within 4 or 5 miles of Columbia island, and as 
near to Savannah as the weather and depth of water 
would allow, without meeting a single vessel except 
a Spanish ship from the Havana, bound to Spain, 
Uut steering for Savannah, in consequence of having 
sprung a leak. 

Arriving off Charleston, (which was on the 11th 
inst.) I stretched close in with the bar, and made 
the private signal of the day to two schooners lying 
in Rebellion Roads, and which from their appearance 
1 believed to be public vessels. After remaining all 
day off the bar with colors hoisted and the before 
mentioned signal displayed, without being able to 
communicate with the schooners, I stood to the 
northward, and at 7 o'clock the next morning disco? 
vered and chased a ship to the southward, which af- 
ter pursuing 8 or 9 miles, led me to a second sail, (a 
brig under her topsails, with her top-gallant-masts 
housed and flying-jib-boom rigged in) and from 
thence to the discovery of a third sail, represented 
from the mast head to be a large frigate ; on disco- 
vering the third sail, added to the manoeuvres of the 
first and second, I was induced to believe them a 
part of an enemy's squadron, and accordingly hauled 
up and stood for the former, to ascertain her charac^ 
ter ; and after making her from the deck, perceived 
she was a frigate as reported. I now tacked and 
shortened sail, believing that towards night I might 
be enabled to cut off the ship (which was either a 
small frigate or a large sloop of war) and brig, from 
the third or largest sail, at this time nine or ten 
miles to windward ; in this, however, I was not able 
to effect my purpose, owing to the weather sail (be- 
ing sunset and dark) bearing down for the others.— 
Judging now from the manoeuvres that after dark: 
they would chase, I stood to the eastward under 
short sail ; believing that in the morning I might 
find them in some disorder ; at day light, however, 
owing to the haziness of the weather, they were not 
to be seen ; consequently, I wore and stood back to 
the Westward to make them again, and in a few mi? 
nutes discovered two (one on the lee, the other on 
the Weather bow) to which I gave chase, but after 
chasing them half an hour, the weather becoming 
more clear and two large ships suddenly making 
their appearance (one on the weather and the other 
on the lee beam) I changed my course to the east- 
ward, when the four immediately crowded sail in 
pursuit j but owing to the weather, assisted by the 
enemy's manner of chasing, I was enabled to get 
clear of them without difficulty in a few hours.— 
Prom this I pursued a course on soundings (except 
in doubling Cape IJatteras) to 18 fathom water ofl 
the Delaware, where, in a fog, I fell in with a large 
vessel, apparently a man of war. Shortened sail to 
topsails and cleared ship for action, but she sudden- 
ly disappearing and in a few minutes she, or some 
other vessel near, being heard to fire signal guns, I 
stood on to the northward, from a belief I was near 
another squadron. Prom the Delaware I saw nothing 
until I made Sandy Hook, when I again fell in with 
another of the enemy's squadrons, and by some un- 
accountable cause w r as permitted to enter the bay, 
although in the presence of a decidedly superior 
force ; after having been obliged to remain outside 
seven hours and a half waiting for the tide. 

lam, &c. JOHNRODGER6. 

/{on, fVm. Jones, Sec'ry of the Navy. 

Banks of Columbia. 

The following is a summary of the "statement of 
the incorporated banks within the district of Co* 
twnbifi" laid before the house of representatives 



by the secretary of the treasury, pursuant to 
resolve of that body, Feb. 21, 1813. 

Capital authorised by law 

■ — actually paid in 

* Notes in circulation 
"Due to other banks 
deposits, discount and interest receiv- 
ed, &c. 
Bills and notes discounted 
%jfock «)f the United States 
Treasury notes 
*Notes ©f other banks 
'*Due from other banks 


1,982,968 64 
1,312,302 18 

2,508,596 92 

4,940,019 82 

889,446 63 

4 7,300 

747,293 17 

1,067,228 41 

665,001 19 

229,533 35 

a]ritory (the Yazoo claimants) was read a third time 
and pissed by the following vote : 

For the bill— Messrs. Bibb of Ky. Bledsoe, Brent, Brown. Con- 


Real estate, expences paid, Sec. 

* It is probable that a -considerable part /of the.-je 
.•items may be due to or fi>om, or held by, each .other. 

Comparative Statement 


Names of the States* 

&.mpire of Great Britain 
• Austria 
'Kingdom of Prussia 
S&flchy of Warsaw 

Total, - - ,..- > 

©educt for troops indisposa- 
•mV(iiulisposableen Fraiv- 
cois<3 from 





Population. 1 

Land Force. 


or about 



1 in 54 

4,2 18,000 

























1,651,760 . 





105j601,339 1,091,760 

Empire of France (inelufi 

ing all the new depart- 1 in 

ments 42,316,000 590,000 7 

Kingdom of Italy 6,7K,000 40,000 16 

Kingdom of Naples 4,964,000 16,000 31 

Republic of Switzerland 1,638,000 15,000 I 10 

Confederation of the Rhine, ,13,560,] 2f 119,000 Jl 

Kingdom of Denmark ' 2,509,600 74,000 ! .3 

* United States of Araeriea i6,800,O0O 2Q„000 32 
•Countries not included ii 

the above 
Pint of tne county o- Kat 

zenehibogen 13,000 

Pri neipalit) of Erfuuh 50,330 

J.liyrjan Provinces 110,000 


^Deduct for troopsindlsposa» 

hie from France 190,000 

Remain, '78.,,-35,050 684,000 

Balance in fawr of the allies 27,206.289 407,760 

It is mentioned as a •remarkable event, that within these three 
weeks there has been more new accounts opened at the bank of 

./England, than t!n;re has been far;the four preceding years, priiui- 

Hally by foreigners. [Loudon paper. 

Proceedings of Congress, 


Monday^ February 2S- — Jonathan .Roberts, elected 
£. senator from Pennsylvania, aopeared and took his 

The bill providingfor the indemnification of cer- 
tain claimants of public lands in the Mississippi ter- 

# According to the English notions the United States are at war 
mit.h «l»e allies I What stuff! But the tatle is interesting. 


dit, Daggett, Dana 
Horsey, Howell, 

Fromentin, German, Gih-s, Gilman, Gore 
Hunter, King. Lambert, Morrow. Robinsou 

Smith, Stone, Taylor, Varnuni, Wells — J4. 

Againzl the bill— Messrs* Bibb of Geo. Chase, GaiUard, Lacock 
Roberts, T3ft, Turner. Worthington— 8. 


Iln/rsdny, Feb 24. — After the usual minor busi- 
ness, the house resolved itself into a committee of 
the whole on the loan bill. Mr. Cheves (the speaker) 
took the floor, and supported the bill in a speech of 
two hours and a half. He was followed by Mr. Bay- 
lies (of Ms.) on the opposite side. Adjourned. 

Friday, Feb. 25. — The loan bill was taken up — 
Mr. Wright spoke in favor of the bill, and was fol- 
lowed by Mr,. Calhoun on the same side. 

Satnrday, Feb. 26. — The usual minor matters be- 
ing disposed of — The house proceeded to consider 
the resolution submitted by Mr. Eppes on the 24th 
inst. for the appointment of an additional standing* 
•commilteej to be called a committee for public expen- 

Mr. Eppes explaired his object in submitting" li is 
resolution ; stating that the duties contemplated to 
be assigned to this committee would fully occupy it 
during the session, and was necessary to relieve the 
committee of ways and means from much of the bu- 
siness at present referred to it, and which it was un- 
able properly to consider, &c. 

The resolution was then passed without oppo5i» 
tion ; and, on motion of Mr. Eppes, the committee 
of ways and means was discharged from the cornl* 
deration of such duties as are embraced by the reso- 
lution, and the same referred, to t2ie committee for 
public expenditures. 

The discussion on the loan bill was then resumed. 
Mr. Fick-ering spoke three hours against the loan and 
the war, &c. Adjourned. 

Monday, Feb. 28— Mr. Gourdin of S. C. presented 
a petition of sundry inhabitants of the state of S.C 
.praying the aid and patronage of congress in open* 
ing an inland water communication from the Chesa- 
peake bay to St. Mary's river in Georgia — Referred.. 

The speaker laid before the house a letter from 
Jonathan Huberts, (of Penn.) a member of the house, 
resigning his seat in consequence of having been 
elected a member -of the senate. 

The loan bill was taken up in committee of the 
whole. Mr. Pickering finished his speech, and Mr. 
Lowndes took the floor and spoke about three quar- 
ters of an hour Adjourned. 

Tuesday, March 1. — After a good deal of busi- 
ness not necessary at this time to notice, the loan 
bill came before a committee of the whole — Mr. 
Pickering erased permission to make a few remarks 
explanatory of or in addition to what he said be- 
fore, when Mr. Lwysnrfes took the floor and finished 
his speech. He was followed !. / Mr. Eppes ,• when 
Mr. Fitkm having spoken half an hour — the bill wa$ 
ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. 

JVeduesday, March 2. — Mr. Wright offered a mo- 
tion to suspend the embargo law during the impend- 
ing negotiations for peace. He thought it might 
lessen asperities and then lead to a restoration of 
peace, Sec — the matter was promptly taken up, and 
the house refused even to consider the resolution. — 
The votes were— for consideration, 

YEAS— Messrs. Rjiylies of Mass. Bayly of Va. Bigelow, Brad- 
bury, Breekenridge, Brigham, Caperton. Cilley, Cooper, Cox, 
Culpepper, Davenport, Davisof Mass. Dewey, Davall, Ely, Gas- 
ton, Geddes, Guldsborough, Grosvenor, Hale, Hopkins of N. Y- 
Howell, Hufty, Hungerford, Kent of N. Y. Kent of Md. Law, 
Lewis, Lovett, Macon, -M'Kee, Miller, Mosely, Markell, Oakley. 
Pickering, Pitkin, Post, Potter, John Reed, Win, Reed, Richard- 
■ son, Ridgely, Robertson, Ruggles, Sherwood, Shipherd, Smith 
1 of N". Y, Stan&Tqrd, Slocjktoi^ Snwrt, Sturges, T-^ggart, Tail- 


^J^^Z^tr^"™;*^- Whi,e ' **(§ m "< ^'^P'-"- Ditto of twelve spin** jo 

NAYS- M.ssrs. Alston, Averj-. Bud, Burnett, Beall, Bowen ; O 1 *0« Ditto Ot twelve spinning spindles, and she 
Bradley. Brown. Burwell. Butler. Caldwell. Calhoun, Chapped (doubling and twisting* thread for sev ing work at 
Comstoek. Conani, Creichton, Cutlibert, Davis ot" PennsylvaninJ nn ^ , inr iVi,_ __,„_ +;___ *oon a ~,„„u\. ...i * 'i _ 
Demuvll, ,. Earle. Fvihs, "Farrow, Fornev, Forsythe. F&nklil>! " e *? d t*™*? * me *•*■** * 20 Q. A machine With twelve 
Grifnii, Gruodv, Hall. Han-is, Hastnouck.'llawes. Iinjersoll, Injj, jspmilles spinning, twelve doubling and twisting, 
ham, irwin Jackson of Va. Kennedy, K^rv, Kershaw, Kilboiiin- $250. A machine with twelve spindles spinn" 

Kinc of »•**- Lefferts, Lyle, M'Coy, M'Lt-an, Moore, Murfree, 
Newton, Ornisby. Parker. Fickins, riper, Pleasants, Hea of Pen* 
Bin a of Ten. Rich, Sevier, Seybert, Skinner, Smith of Penn. 
Smith of Va. Tannehill, Telfair, Troup, Udrce, Ward of N. J. 
"VVliitehill, Williams, Yancey— 58. 

The loan bill was then taken up — ®n the question 
"shall the bill pass ?" — Mr. Stanford spoke against, 
and Mr. Fisk, of Vt. in favor of the bill — A motion 
for the preiims Question was lost by a small majority, 
and Mr. Nelson of Va. rose to speak in favor of the 
Bill; on his giving way for the purpose, the house 


British Subsidies. — The British chancellor of the 
exchrquer, in calling for the ways and means for 
carrying on the war, stated the following subsidies 
would be paid to foreign powers in 1814: 

For Russia and Prussia 2,500,000 

For Austria 1,000,000 

For Spain 2,000,000 

For Portugal 2,000,000 

For Sweden 1,000,000 

For Sicily 400,000 

For future application 1,500,000 


The house of delegates of Virginia have postponed 
to the next session the proposition of the state of 
Tennessee to abridge the period of service of the 
United States' senators. 

The civil war yet rages between the rival parties 
of Petion and Chrislophe, the sable chieftains of St. 

Jonathan Roberts, esq. is elected, by the legisla- 
ture of Pennsylvania, senator of the United States, 
in the room of Michael Leib, esq. resigned. 

A Swedish vessel has arrived at Sav nnah from 
Oottenburg; 85 days. The captain informs that the 
king of Sweden was dead ; Bernadotte then becomes 
king. — That he was informed Messrs. Gallatin and 
Bayard has gone to Stockholm. He brings letters for 
Mrs- Gallatin and Mrs. Bayard. This vessel has a 
cargo of dry goods and was bound to Amelia island, 
but put into Savannah in distress — Another Swedish 
vessel, laden and bound as aforesaid, has also arriv- 
ed at Georgetown, S. C. in distress. The lat f .er was 
detained by lieut. Monk, of the U. S. shooner Young 

to a 

twelve doubling and twisting and six spindles bal- 
ling (the small balls the ladies use, commonly sold 
for from 3-100 to 12-000 each, according to their size 
and fineness) $ 300. A machine with twenty-four 
spindles spinning, and twelve spindles doubling and 
twisting, or six doubling and twisting and six bal- 
ling* ,$350. These machines can be easily turned, 
the two first by children of from five to ten years of 
age, the other by girls of from ten to twenty. The 
machines occupy an area of twenty-eight inches 
square, the six the same size of the one in the patent 
office, which is about twenty -two inches square,- the. 
child that attends them has nothing of consequence 
to do except turning a crank, taking off the full and 
putting on the empty bobbins, mending a thread 
when it breaks, which very seldom happens 

Those machines moderately worked will clear 
their expences in one year, besides accomplishing 
more than double the work the girl working them 
can accomplish in the same time before, by hand 

A carding machine of the jirst quality and the smne 
size, will cost $200 This machine will card ten 
pounds of cotton in twelve hours fit for any size 
yarn under what is called in Virginia seven-yard 
thread. A roving frame or machine that will rove 
the same quantity for the same fineness, 50 dollars. 
If the thread (yarn) is wanted finer, the cotton must 
be better and put twice through the carding, and 
three or four times through the roving machine. 

The carding, roving and spinning machines are 
distinct and separate machines: the first (carding) 
worked by a girl or woman and fed by a child ; the 
second (roving) worked by a child, the third worked 
by a child or girl. 

The weight of a carding machine will be about 
150 lbs. roving 50 lbs. and spinning from 50 to 
150 lbs. according to the number of spindles and 
kind of work they do. 

I have spun upon a six spindle machine six pounds 
of four vard thread from sun to sun in the month of 
July, 1812. 

The most satisfactory description of my machines 
is to work or see them worked. Mr. Clay, the speaker 
of the house of representatives, saw one of my ma- 
chines at work in Peale's Museum, in Philadelphia s 
a few weeks ago ; they have been approved of by 
almost every one that has in my hearing given an 
opinion of them. When they have been calumniated, . 
it has always been by the "Friends of Britain h? 
America," who still adhere to lord Chatham's doc- 
trine, "don't letAmerica make a hob-nail for herself." 

Baxter's Machinery. 

Extract of a letter fr<m Mr. John G. Itaxlt 
person in tin: city of Washington. 
"My machines arc much improved since this time 
four yearg, the period I embarked at Philadelphia 
for Ihe county of Lunenburg. Experience has con- 
tributed much, and I believe they are now in such a 
state, that they can with safety be received into 
any familv in America either for domestic economy 
or for profit. The price is very considerably raised 
in consequence of the improvements, but more in 
consequence of the rise of every thing necessary that 
compose* the machines. One necessary article is 
onlv re.'iuisite to be mentioned as a criterion. C.rds 

- I a , *,* The report on the failure of the campaign will tie con 

that were 45 cents a toot three years ago, are now rnenced next w&sk, ami by the aid of a supplement or supple 
90 and orders must be given for them four months gwfits, completed forthwith, in as compact a body as possibu 

' t ., », ao/.itn^ *ti* «m*w»1« The price of the pamphlet, containing these docunuou 

:n advance to wall e tUe . tick. _ _ I iMI J. t , w .„ ^ Ul - ^^ (<rfll( ,> volsTI , H a ho 

A machine ol six spindles lor spinning onlv, \t\ cents 


The loan bill passed the house of representatives 
on Thursday last 97 to 55— yeas and nays will be 
recorded hereafter. It was decided by calling for the 
previous question (9-3 to 53)— or it might have been 
debated until this time next year. But the debate has, 
perhaps, been the most interesting and; ingenious 
that has lately occurred; which we design to take 
full notice of. 




lice ohm viemivasse jtivabit. — Vine it. 

Printed and published by H. Nilks, Soutb-st. next door to the Merchants' Codec- House, at f 5 per avmnn. 

Ij'Tflis supplement is chiefly published to present 
the readers of the Rkoistku, in a compact manner, 
a large portion of the highly interesting docu- 
ment lately laid before the house of representa- 
tives by the president of the United Slates. Un- 
4 il they are completed, many articles must be post- 

At Prescott, 
At Kingston, 
At George, and Erie, 





Message from the President 

Of ilie United State*, transmitting a letter from the 
si-crrttirv of war, accompanied ivith sundry docu- 
ments ; hi obedience to a resolution of the Slst of 
. December last, requesting such information m may 
ie.nd to e.vphiiu the causes of the failure of the urms 
of the United States on the jVoi-lhxm Frontier. 
To the house of representatives of the United States. 
I transmit to the house of representatives a report 
«f the secretary of war, complying with their reso- 
lution 1 of the 31st of December* last. 

January 31st, 1814 JAMES MADISON. 

War department, January 25, J 8 1.4. 
Stn — In compliance with the resolution of the 
house of representatives of the 31st of December 
£ast, requesting such information, (not improper to 
be communicated) as may tend to explain the causes 
of the failure of the arms of the United States, on the 
northern frontier, I have the honor to submit the 
following- documents, and to offer to you, sir, the 
assurance of the very high respect with which I am 
Your most obedient, and very humble servant, 
The President. 


Note presented to the cabinet on the 8th February^ 
1313, by the secretary of war. 

The enemy's force at Montreal and its dependen- 
cies has been stated at 16,Q00 effectives. It more 
probably does not exceed 10 or 12,000. The militia 
part of it may amount to ope sixth of the whole. Is 
it probable that we shall be able to open the cam- 
paign on lafce Champlain with a force competent to 
meet and dislodge this army before the 15th of May? 
I put the question on this date, because it is not to 
be doubted but that the enemy will then be rein- 
forced, and, of course that new relations in point of 
strength will be established between us* Our pre- 
sent regular force on both sides of lake Champlain 
does not exceed 2,400 men. The addition made to it 
must necessarily consist of recruits, who, for a time,, 
will not be better than militia; and when we consider 
that the recruiting service is but beginning, and that 
We now approach the middle of February, the con- 
clusion is, I think, safe, that we cannot move in this 
direction and thus early (say 1st of May,) with effect. 

It then remains to choose between a course of en-' 
tire ^inaction, because incompetent to the main at- 
tack, or one having a secondary but still an impor- 
tant object; such would be the reduction of that part 
of Upper Canada, lying between the town of Prescott, 
on the St. Lawrence and lake Erie, including the 
towns of Kingston and York, and the forts, George 
vul Erie., On- this line of frontier the enemy have, 
vol. VT B 

Making a total (of regular troops) of - 2,100 

Kingston and Prescott, and the destruction of tl;e 
British ships at the former, would present the first 
object; York and the frigates said to be budding 
there, the second; George and Erie the third. 

The force to be employed on this service should 
not be less ,6,000 effective regular troops be- 
cause in this first enterprise of a second campaign- 
nothing must, if possible, be left to chance. 

The time for giving execution to this plan ia 
clearly indicated by the following facts ; 

1st. The river St. Lawrence is not open to the pur-, 
poses of navigation before the 15th of May : And 

2d« Lake Ontario is free from all obstructions 
arising from ice by the 1st day of April. 

Under these .circumstances we shall have six weeks 
for the expedition before it be possible for sir George » 
Prevost to give it any disturbance. 

Should this outline be approved, the details for the 
service can be made and expedited in forty-eight 

Extract of a letter from the secretary of -mar to major 
general Dearborn, dated 

War department, February 10, 1813. 

"I have the president's orders to communicate to 
you as expeditiously as possible, the outline of a cam- 
paign which you will immediately institute and pmv 
sue against Upper Canada : 

" 1st. 4,000 troops will be assembled at SackettV 

" 2d. 3,000 will be brought together at Buffalo 
and its vicinity. 

"3d. The former of these dzJg*s will be embark- 
ed and transported under convoy of the fleet to 
Kingston^ where they will be landed. Kingston, its 
garrison, and the British ships wintering in the har- 
bor of tjiat place, wilj. be its first object. Its second 
object will be York, (the capital of Upper Canada,) 
the stores collected and tlie two frigates building 
there. Its third object, forts George and Erie, and 
their dependencies. In the attainment of this last, 
there will be a co-operation between the two corps. 
The composition of these will be as follows i 

1st. Bloomfield's brigade, - - 1,436 

2d, Chandlers ditto, r - 1,044 

3d. Philadelphia detachment, - - 400 

4th. Baltimore ditto, - - 30C* 

5th. Carlisle ditto, * - 200 

6th. Greenbush ditto, - - 400 

7,tb," Sackett's Harbor ditto, - * 250 


8th. Several corps at Buffalo under the 
command of colonel Porter and the 
recruits belonging thereto, ■> - 3,000' 



" The time for executing the enterprise will be go- 
verned by the opening of lake Ontario, wtyicJh.nsyaHy 
take* nlace about the first of April. 


9 The adjutant general has orders to put the most .letter of the instant, has a bearing- also on thd 

southern detachments in march as expeditiously as 
possible. The two brigades on hike Champlain you 
will move so as t.-> give them full time to reach their 
place of destination by the 25th of March. The 
route by Elizabeth will, I think, be the shortest and 
Iks*. They will be replaced by some new raised 
H g meats from the east. 

** You will put into your movements as much pri- 
v dv aa may be compatible with their execution. 
Tilt?)- may be masked by reports that Sackett's Har- 
bor is in danger, and that the principal effort will be 
made on the Niagara in co-operation with general 
Hfcrrison. As the route to Sackett's Harbor and to 
Niagara is for a considerable distance the same, it 
may be well to intimate, even in orders, that the 
latter is the destination of the two brigades now at 
lake Camplain." 

Albany February, 18, 1813. 

Sin — Your despatches of the 10th were received 
last evening. Nothing shall be omitted on my part 
in endeavoring to carry into effect the expedition 

1 fear the very large magazines of provisions on 
lake Chainplain will be unsafe unless a considerable 
pari is removed at some distance from the store, or a 
considerable force is assembled at Burlington and vi- 
cinity by the time the two brigades shall move. Ano- 
ther mot ivc for having- a large force on that lake, will 

same point and to the same effect.' If the enemy be 
really weak at Kingston and approachable by land 
and ice, Pike (who will be a brigadier in a day or 
two) may be put into motion from lake Champlain, 
by the Chateauge route, (in sleighs) and with the 
tteo brigades, cross the St. Lawrence where it may 
be thought best, destroy the armed ships and seize 
and hold Kingston until you can join him with the 
other corps destined for the future objects of the ex- 
pedition ; and if pressed by Prevost, before such 
junction can be effected, he may withdraw himself 
to Sackett's Harbor, or other place of security on 
our side of tbe line. This would be much the shorter 
road to the object, and perhaps the safer one, as 
the St. Lawrence is now every where well bridged, 
and offers no obstruction to either attack or retreat. 
Such a movement will, no doubt, be soon known to 
Prevost, and cannot but disquiet him. The dilemma 
it presents, will be serious. Either lie must give up 
his western posts, or to save them, he must carry 
himself in force, and promptly, to Upper Canada. 
In the latter case lie will be embarrassed for subsis- 
tence. Ills convoys of provision will be open to our 
attacks, on a line of nearly one hundred miles, and 
his position at Montreal much weakened. Another 
decided advantage will be, to let us into the secret of 
his real strength. If he be able to make heavy de- 
tachments to cover, or to recover Kingston, and to 

that of preventing- the enemy from sending almost protect his supplies, and after all maintain himself 

his whole force from Lower Canada to Kingston, as 
soon as our intentions shall be so far known as to af 
ford satisfactory evidence of our intentions in rela- 
tion to the conquest of Upper Canada; and unless 
an imposing force shall menace Lower Canada, the 
enem'ys whole force may be concentrated in Upper 
Canada., and require as large a force to operate 
against them as would be necessary to operate to- 
\rnVih Montreal. It may be adviseable to draw out 
a body of New-Hampshire militia to serve for a short 
time m Vermont. You will judge of the expediency 
ol such a measure; but I do not believe that there will 
be a sufficient body of new raised troops in season 
for taking the place of the two brigades. 

1 this day received a letter from colonel Porter, in 
which he informs me that general Winchester had 
arrived at Niagara. < Ji such of his troops as had 
escaped the tomahawk, and that they were crossing 
over on parole; he states that at the close of the ac- 
tion every man who by wounds or other causes were 
unable to march were indiscriminately put to death. 
Such outrageous conduct will require serious atten- 
tion, especially when British troops are concerned 
in the action. 1 am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Honorable John Armstrong, secretary of war. 

War riVpnttinent, February 24, 1SJ3. 
Slip— Uefore I left New Yoi-k, and till very recently 
since my arrival here, I. was informed, throng]) va- 
rious channels, that a winter or spring attack upon 
Kingston was not practicable, on accoitntof the snow; 
m nich generally lays to the depth of two, and sofne- 
timefl of three feet, over all that northern region du- 
ring those season*. Hence it is, Hurt in the plan 
recently communicated, it was thought safest and 
befcf J o make the attack by a combination of naval 
ui i military means, and to approach onr object, 
not by directly crossing the St. Lawrence on the 
i ■<-, b«tt by setting out from Sackett's Kkfafin; in 
• with» and under convoy of the fleet. Later 
tion differ* from that on which this plan 
founded «' and the fortunate issue of major 
J-'oi'.v til's list expedition shews, that, small en- 
pi-i-.-s at lest, may be successfully executed 
nt the present season. The advices given in your 

at Montreal and on lake Champlain, be is stronger 
than I imagined, or than any well authenticated re- 
ports mak'' him to be. 

With regard to our magazines, my belief is, that 
we have nothing to fear; because, as stated above, 
Prevost's attention must be given to the western 
posts and to our movements against them. He will 
not dare to advance southwardly while a heavy corps 
is operating on his flank and menacing his line of 
communication. But on the other supposition, they 
(the magazines) may be easily secured; 1st, by taking 
them to Willsborough; or 2d, to Burlington^ or 3d, by 
a militia call, to protect them where they are. Orders 
are given for the march of the eastern volunteers, 
excepting Ulmer's regiment and two companies of 
axe men, sent to open the route to the Chamdiere. 

The southern detachments will be much stronger 
than 1 had supposed. That from Philadelphia will 
mount up nearly to 1000 effectives. With great 
respect, dear general, I am vours faithfully, 


"General Dearborn. 

Head quarters, Albany, February 25, 1813.- 

Sin — I this day received by express fr»m colonel 
Macomb, the inclosed account from major Forsyth. 
His known zeal for a small parti zan warfare, has in- 
duced me to give him repeated caution against such 
measures, on his part, as would probably produce 
such retaliating strokes as he would be unable to re- 
sist ,- but 1 fear my advice has not been as fully at- 
tended to as could have been wished. He is an ex- 
cellent officer, and under suitable circumstances 
would be of important service. 

1 have requested the governor to order general 
Brown out with three or four hundred of such militia 
as he can soonest assemble, to join Forsyth ; and I 
have ordered colonel Pike, with four hundred of his 
command, to proceed in sleighs by what it is consi- 
dered the shortest and best route, to the neighbor- 
hood of Ogdensburg, or to Sackett's Harbor. On his 
arrival at'Potsdam, or Canton or Russel, he will be 
able to communicate with Brown or Forsyth, or both, 
and act with them, as circumstances may require. 

The affair at Ogdensburg will be a fair excuse for 
moving troops in that direction; and by this movp- 



ment it will be ascertained whether the same route 
will be the best in future : the distance by that route 
from Plattsburg to Saekett's Harbor, is but little 
more than one half of what it would be by the route 
proposed, and I am assured by a gentleman, whom I 
can confide in, that there will be no difficulty by thai 

Chauncey has not yet returned from New York. 
I am satisfied that if he had arrived as soon as 1 had 
expected him, ive might have made a stroke at Kvig- 
.ston on the ice, but his presence was necessary for 
having the aid of the seamen and marines. 

From a letter received this day from colonel Por- 
ter at Niagara, it appears that the enemy were pre- 
paring- to strike at Black Rock. 

I can give him no assistance. 

I am sir, with respect and esteem, your obedient 
humble servant, H. DEARBORN. 

Honorable John Armstrong, secretary of -war. 

February, 22,1813. 

Sih — I have only time to inform that the enemy, 
with a very superior force, succeeded in taking Og- 
■densburg this morning about nine o'clock. They 
had about two men to our one, exclusive of Indians. 
Numbers of the enemy are dead on the field. Not 
more than twenty of our men killed and wounded; 
lieutenant Beard is among the latter. 

I have made a saving retreat of about eight or nine 
miles. I could not get all the wounded off. 

We have killed two of the enemy to one of our3 
killed by them. We want ammunition and some pro- 
visions sent on to us, "also sleighs for the wounded. 

If you can send me three hundred men all shall be 
re-taken, and Prescott too, or I will lose my life in 
the attempt. I shall write you more particularly 

Yours, with due respect, 

capt. rifle reg. commanding. 

Col. Macomb Sackett's Harbor. 

Extract of a letter from major general Dearborn to the 
secretary of war, dated. 

Albany, February 26, 1813. 

" Having received information that sir George 
Prevost was moving towards Upper Canada with 
considerable force, but not such as can be fully re- 
lied on, I have, however, ordered 400 more of Pike's 
command to follow the first detachment without de- 

Head Quarters, Sackett's Harbor, March 3, 1813. 

Sir — Having been informed that sir George Pre- 
vost had adjourned the legislature at Quebec, as- 
signing as the motive that his majesty's service re 
quired his presence in Upper Canada, and having 
received certain information of his passing Montreal 
and having arrived at Kingston, I set out immedi- 
ately for this place, having ordered the force at 
Greenbush, and part of colonel Pike's command in 
sleighs, for this place. I arrived here in fifty-two 
hours. I am now satisfied, from such information 
as is entitled to full credit, that a force has been 
collected from Quebec, Montreal and Upper Canada, 
of from six to eight thousand men, at Kingston, and 
that we may expect an attack within forty-eight 
hours and perhaps sooner. 

The militia have been called in and everv effort 
will, I trust, be made to defend the post : but, I fear 
neither the troops from Greenbush nor Pittsburgh 
will arrive in season to afford their aid. I have sent 
expresses to have them hurried on. 

Commodore Chauncey has not arrived; he will be 
here to-morrow. The armed vessels have not been 
placed in the positions intended by the commodore. 

Our total force may be estimated at uearlv three 
thousand of all descriptions. 

Sir George Prevost is represented to be determined 
lo effect his object at all events, and will undoubt- 
edly make every effort in his power for the 

We shall, I trust, give him a warm reception ; but. 
if his force is such as is expected and should make 
an attack before our troops arrive from Crecnbu>-]i 
and Piattsburgh at Sackett's Harbor, the result may 
at least be doubtful. 

I have the honor, sir, to be, with the highest res- 
pect and consideration, your obedient, humble ser- 
vant, H. DEASBORN. 

Honorable John Armstrong, secretary of -war. 

Sackett's Harbor, March 0, 1813, 

Srn— I have not yet had the honor of a visit from 
sir G. Prevost. His whole force is concentrated at 
Kingston, probably amounting to six or seven thou- 
sand ; about three thousand of them regular troops-. 
The ice is good and we expect him every day, and 
every measure for preventing a surprise is in constant 
activity. The troops from Greenbush (upwards of 
400) have arrived. I have heard nothing from Pike: 
he should have been here yesterday. I have sent 
three expresses to meet him ; neither has returned. 
I have suspicions of the express employed by the 
quarter master general to convey the orders to Pike: 
the earliest measures were taken for conveying a 
duplicate of his orders. I hope to hear from him to- 
day. His arrival with 800 good troops would be ve- 
ry important at this time. The enemy are apprized 
of his movement. 

I begin to entertain some doubts whether sir 
George will venture to attack us ; but shal- not relax 
in being prepared to give him a decent reception. 

I should feel easier if Pike should arrive in season. 
T am in want of officers of experience. My whole, 
force, exclusive of seamen and marines, who will be 
confined to the vessels and have no share in the ac 
tion until my force shall be worsted, amounts to near- 
ly 3000, exclusive of 450 militia at Brownville, and 
on the road leading from Kingston by land. Within 
two or three days I may have 300 more militia from 
Rome and U1 ica. 

The ice will not probably be passable more thav, 
from six to ten days- longer; it is not usually passa- 
ble after the 15th of March. This unexpected move- 
ment of the enemy will effectually oppose the move 
ments contemplated on our part, and I shall not 
think it advisable to order general Chandler to move 
■xt present. As soon as the fall of this place shall be 
decided, we shall be able to determine on other mea- 
sures. If we hold this place we will command the 
lake, and be able to act in concert with the troops at 
Niagara, while Chandler's brigade, with such other 
troops as may assemble in Vermont, may induce a 
return of a considerable" part of those troops that 
have left Lower Canada. 

When I ordered Pike to move I directed general 
Chandler to have the provision at Piattsburgh moved 
to Burlington. There was but a small proportion 
of our magazines at Piattsburgh ; they are princi- 
pally at Burlington and White ilall. 
Yours with respect and esteem, 

Hon. John Armstrong. 

Extract of a letter from major general Dearborn to 
the secretary at -war, dated 

March 14, 18]3.. 
w From the most recent and probable information 
I have obtained, I am induced to believe that sir 
George Prevost has concluded that it is too late to at. 
tack this place. He undoubtedly meditated a coup 
de-main against the shipping here. All the a pre- 
hension is now at Kingston. Sir George has visited 
York and Niagara, and returned to Montreal. Se, 


veral bodies of troops have lately passed up from] rations recommend the employment of a large an* 
Montreal , but such precautions have been taken to i decisive force, and none, that lean think of, dissuade 
prevent their number being ;i sc< ruined, as to render ] from it. If our fi,. st slep - ltt the campaign, and in 
it impossible to form any accurate opinion of their j the quarter from which most is expected, should 

even to imagine very nearly what they j fail, the disgrace of our arms will be complete. 

am. mm: to. From various sources lam perfectly sai the public will lose alt confidence in us,- and We 
ti>fied, that the\ are not in sufficient force to venture ) shall even cease to ln,ve any in ourselves. The par-- 
1 this place. knoying as they do that we j ty who first opens) a campaign, has many advantages 
la fine body of troops from ( ireenbush (over his antagonist, allot' which, however, are the 

result of his being al>le to carry his whole force 
against a part of the enemy's. "Washington carried 

have collec 

and ria'tsbuigl), and that the militia have been call 
ed in. \Yc are probably just strong enough ci^ each 
siih- 10 defend ; but not in sufficient force to hazard 
an offensive movement. The difference of attacking 
and being attacked, as it regards the contiguous 
posts Of Kington ami Sacl-t.-tt's Harbor, cannot be 
estimated at less than three or four thousand men, 
arising from the circumstance of militia acting 
merely on the defensive. I have ordered general 
Chandler with the 9th, 21st. and 25th regiments to 
inarch fr.- this place j Clark's regiment and a com- 
pinV of artillery t0 be left at Burlington for the pre- 
seutj where the regiment will be filled in a few 
v.wks. J have ordered the recruits for the three re- 
gimen' ■ th-atwiu march fortius place to be sent to 
Greenbifsh, and colonel Lamed is ordered there to 
receive them w'.'.h B.tchus's dismounted dragoons 
and other detachments from Pittsfield." 
Extract of a letter from major-general Dedrbom to 
the secretary of -war dated, 

Sack'tt's Harbor, M'.rch 16th, 1813. 
"It was yesterday unanimously .determined in a 
council of the principal officers, including commo- 
dore Cli.'-uicey, that we ought not, under existing 
circumstances, to make an attempt on Kingston, be- 
fore the Kiiiidl ftrce can (id. The harbors in this lake 
will not probably be open so as to admit of the ves- 
sels being moved until about the 15th of x\prii.'' 

Extrlipt of a letter from major general Dearborn to the 
secretary id war, icithout date; proposing to pass by 
Kincstqn, and attack Yurie, Uc. 
" To take or destroy the armed Vessels at York, 
tfrill give wj, the complete command of the lake.-* — - 
Commodore Chauncey en take with him ten or 
twelve hundred troopsj to be commanded by Pike ; 
take York, from thence proceed to Niagara, and at- 
tack fort Georgpj by land and water, while the troops 
at Buffalo cross over and carry forts Erie and Ch ppe- 
w„, and inn tlujse at fort George ; and then collect 
our whole force fcfr an attack on Kingston. After 
the most matifre deliberation, the above was consi- 
• ! red by cqnjmodore Chatfncey and myself as the 
h' >s1 certain of ultimate success.'' 

J'.xiract of a letter from the secret wv : at xMaf s to major 
genera! Dearborn, dated, 

War department, March 29, 1813. 

** Your despatches of ' the 11th alid'14tli instant, 

his whole force against the Hessians in '-New-Jersey, 
and beating them^ recovered that moral strength* 
that self-confidence, which he had lost by many pre- 
ceding disasters. We are now in that state of" pros- 
tration that be was in, after he crossed the TXela- 
ware ; but like him, we may soon get on our legs 
again, if we are able to give "some hard blows at the 
opening of the campaign. In this we cannot fail* 
provided the force we employ against his western 
posts be sufficiently heavy. They must stand or fall 
by their own strength. They are perfectly isolated 
and out of the reach of reinforcements t send there- 
fore a force that shall overwhehri them— that shall 
leave nothing to Chance. If I had not another motive, 
1 would carry my whole strength, merely that their 
first service should be a successful one." The good 
effects of this will be felt throughout the campaign. 

" I have hastened to give you these thoughts, un- 
der a full conviction of their usefulness • and shall 
only add, that there is no drawback upon this policy, 
When the fleet and army are gone, we have nothing 
at Sackett's Harbor to guard, nor will the place pre- 
sent an object to the enemy. 

'' How then would it read, that we had lost our 
object on the Niagara* while we had another fori* 
gade at Sackett's Harbor doing nothing ?" 

Extract of a letter from major-general Dearborn to tfrs 
secretary at war, dated 

.Alliaiiy, April 5, 1813. 
"I have this day been honored with your letter of 
the 29th ultimo* As troops cmnot with safety be 
transported from Sackett's Harbor to York or Niaga- 
ra in baitean.v or fat bottomed boats, 1 must depend 
on commodore Chauncey's armed vessels, with one 
or two other sloops, for the transportation of our 
troops j and was considered doubtful whether more 
than twelve hundred men could be so conveyed^, 
which number I considered amply sufficient for the 
two first objects contemplated; but as many as can be 
transported with safety shall be sent* The co-opera- 
tion of the troops under gen. Lewis may be relied on 
Boyd and Winder are with him, and nothing but 
outrageous gales of wind can prevent success. 

" The troops from Maryland and Pennsylvania ar 
rived last evening. They, with the other detach- 
from S.ickelt's Harbor, and one of the 22d, from [,'ments at Greenbush, will' proceed towards lake On- 
Albany, have been received. The correspondence tai *' 1 " within two or three days. As soon as praetica- 
between you and major Murray* in relation to an ! I)le ) after sending off the troops, I shall move west^ 

exchange of prisoners, has been referred to the de- 
partment of state. The alteration in the plan of 
campaign, so as to make Kingston the last object, 
instead of nuking it the first, would appear to be 
' jce jsary, or at least proper ; but the force assigned 
to the a- tack of the upper posts, is believed to be 
too small. 

w Accident may prevent a co-operation of the 
corps of Buffalo. That scut, from S.ickelt's Harbor 
should have in itself the power of reducing forts 
(Seorge and Brie, ami holding in check the militia 
who may betertt to support them. The ships can 
give little aid in the business, except merely in co- 
vering the landing. Double the number you purpose 
, would not be too many. Various conside- 


Wsir department, April 19, 1813. 

Sni — Taking for granted that general Prevost has 
not been able, or willing, to reinforce Maiden, Erie 
and George, and that he has assembled at Kingston 
a force of six or eight thousand men, (as stated by 
you) we must conclude that he means to hazard his 
more Western posts, shorten his line of defence, and 
place his right flank on lake Ontario. 

This arrangement is \)o doubt, in consequence of 
our preparations at Sackett's Harbor. These gave 
him reason t<» fear that we meant to cut his line of 
communication at that point, which, so long as he 
has a hope of keeping the command of the lake., is 
one of infinite importance to his views, 



The danger, however, now is, tlut in Lhe cvem 
of the success of our present expedition, lie may 
Jose this hope, abandon Kingston and concentrate his 
foi-ct's at Montreal:' 

This event is in my opinion, as probable, as to ren- 
der 1 necessary a communication of the Views of the 
president, in relation to the movements on your part, 
(which shall be subsequent to those now making-) on 
two suppositions : 

1st. That the enemy will keep his ground at 
Kingston ; and 

2d. That he will abandon that ground and with- 
draw from Montreal. 

Oji the first supposition -there is no difficulty " ;1 
either selecting our object or the means of pursuing 
k. We ought to destroy the communication between 
Kingston and Montreal, by interposing a competent 
force between the two, -and assailing the formerly 
a joint operation of military and naval means. 

I^oeal circumstances favor this project. A few 
finned, boats on lake St. Francis, stops all intercourse 
by water ; in which case, cannon, military stores 
and articles of subsistence in bulk, cannot be con- 
veyed between Montreal and Kingston. 

From lake Ontario to Ogdensburg We command 
the navigation of the St. Lawrence by our armed 
vessels, and under their protection, our army can be 
passed over and established on the Canada side at 
the point deemed most proper for attack. 
. On the other supposition, that the British garrison 
is withdrawn from Kingston to Montreal, the old 
question of aproachinghim by lake Champlain, or by 
tiie St. Lawrence, recurs, and ought now to be set- 
tled, so that there should be no unnecessary pause in 
our operations at a later and more momentous period 
of the campaign,. 

The circumstances at favor of the St. Lawrence 
route, are these : 

1st. Our force is now upon its 

2d. It furnishes a conveyance by water the whole 

3d. The enemy is not fortified on the St. Lawrence 
side, and has on it no strong out-posts, which must 
be forced, in order to secure our flanks and rear ; 
while engaged in the main attack ; and 

4th. By approaching his flank, (as this route ena- 
bles you to do) instead of his front, we compel him 
to change his position, in which case^ he must do one 
of four things ; either he must occupy the north side 
of the river and give up the soutn, or he must occu- 
py the south side and give up the north, or he must 
confine himself to the island and give up both sides ; 
or lastly, he must occupy both sides, and in this 
case expose hinlself to be beaten in detail. 

None of these advantages are to be found in ap- 
proaching him by the other route. Our troops are 
not upon it ; we cannot move by water ; his out 
posts are fortified, and must be carried by assault, 
his front is the only assailable point, and that is co- 
vered by the St. Lawrence ; our attack must be 
made exactly where he washes it to be made; all his 
arrangements and defences are* of course, in full 
operation, nor is he compelled to disturb them in the 
smallest degree. In a word, we must fight him on 
his previous dispositions and plans, and not on any 
of our oivn. 

These reasons are deemed conclusive for prefer- 
ring the route of the St. Lawrence, and your mea- 
sures (subsequent to your present expedition) will 
therefore, be conformed to this view of the subject. 

I am, sir, very respectfullv, vour obedient servant, 

&f a J or - general Dearborn, 

Extract of a letter from mnjor-veuer al fjearborn to thr 
f - secretary at war, dated 

Sa<;..u's Harbor, April 2.1, 1813. 

"The troops embarked \esterdaj . Y.\\\)* 
is crowded with As main n.en as possible ; the total 
number IGUO, of the bv;st men. I trust we shall sai* 
within one or two hours. If the sails for a new ves- 
sel arrive within a day or two, and a smaUl sloop from 
Oswego, which ought to have been here five da_\> 
since, 150 more men will go in them. The ice did 
not move out until the 19th ; I arrived on the 20th." 
lirsid-Qiinrtcrs. York, Upper Canada, April 23, 1813. 

Sin— A tier a detention of some days, by adverse 
winds, we arrived here yesterday morning', and at 8 
o'clock commenced lauding our troops about three 
miles westward of the town, and one and a half from 
the enemy's works. The wind was high and in an 
unfavorable direction for our boats, which prevented 
the troops landing at a cleftr field (the ancient scite of 
the French fort Tarento.) The unfavorable wind 
prevented as many of the armed vessels from taking 
such positions as would as Effectually cover our land- 
ing as they otherwise would have done ; but every 
thing that could be done was effected. Our riflemen 
under major Forsyth first landed, under a heavy fire 
from indians and other -troops General Sheafl'e com- 
manded in person. He had collected his whole force 
in the woods near where the wind obliged our troops 
to land, consisting of about 700 regulars and militia, 
and 100 indians. Major Forsyth was -supported, as 
promptly as possible, with other troops ; but the con- 
test Was sharp and severe for near half an hour. The 
enemy Was repulsed by a far less number than their 
own, and as soon as general Bike landed with 7 or 
800 men, and the reminder of the troops were push-* 
ing for the shore, the enemy retreated to their works; 
and as soon as the whole of the troops had landed 
and formed on tne clear ground intended for the first 
landing, they advanced through a thick wood to the 
open ground* near the enemy's works, and after car- 
rying- one battery by assault, were moving on in co- 
lumns towards the main works ; when the head of 
the columns was- within about sixty rods of the ene- 
my, a tremendous explosion occured from a large 
magazine prepared for the purpose, which discharge 
ed such immense quantities of stone as to produce a 
most unfortunate effect on our troops. I have not 
yet beai able to collect the returns of our killed 
and Wounded, but our loss by the explosion must, t 
fear, exceed one hundred ; and among them I have 
to lament the loss of the brave and excellent officer 
brigadier-general Pike, who received such a contu- 
sion from a large stone as terminated his valuable 
life within a few hours. His loss will be severely 
felt. Previous to the explosion the enemy had re- 
tired into the town, excepting a party of regular 
troops, which did not retire early enough to avoid 
the shock ; it is said that upwards of fort}- of them 
were destroyed. General Sheaf Fe moved" off' with 
the regular troops and left directions with the com- 
manding officer of the militia to make the best terms 
he could. In the mean time, all further resistance 
on the part of the enemy ceased, and the outlines 
of a capitulation were agreed on. As soon as 1 was 
informed of general Pike's being wounded, I went 
on shore. I had been induced to confide the imme- 
diate command of the troops in action to general 
Pike from a conviction that he fully expected it, and 
would be much mortified at being deprived of the 
honor, which he highly appreciated. Every move- 
ment was under my view. Our troops behaved with 
great firmness and deserve much applause, especially 
those who were first engaged, under circumstances 
that would have tried the firmness of veterans. Our 


loss in the action in the morning and in carrying the 
first battery, was not great, probably about 50 killed 
and wounded ; among them were a full proportion 
of orfu-ers ; and although the enemy had a decided 
advantage in point of numbers and position at the 
commencement, their loss was greater than ours, 
particularly in officers. 

It was with the greatest exertion that the small 
vessels of the fleet could work into the harbor against 
a gale of wind directly ahead ; but as soon as they 
got in contact with the batteries a tremendous can- 
nonade commenced from 24 and 52 pounders, and 
was kept up without intermission under a heavy fire 
from J wo batteries until the enemy's batteries were 
carried or blown up by the explosion, which undoubt- 
edly had a powerful effect on the enemy. 1 am un- 
der the greatest obligations to commodore Chaun- 
cey for his able and indefatigable exertions in even- 
possible manner that could give facility and effect to 
the expedition. He is equally estimable for deli- 
berate, sound judgment, bravery and industry. — 
The government could not have made a more fortu- 
nate selection for the important trust he holds. Un- 
fortunately, the enemy's armed ship the '^Prince 
Regent" left this place for Kingston four days before 
we arrived. A large ship on the stocks, and nearly 
planked up, with a large store of naval stores, were 
set on fire by the enemy soon after the explosion of 
the magazine. There are no vessels fit for use in the 
harbor. A considerable quantity of military stores 
and provisions remained. We shall not possess the 
means of transporting the prisoners from this place, 
and must of course leave them on parole. I hope 
we shall so far complete the necessary measures at 
this place in the course of this day as to be able to 
sail to-morrow for Niagara, by which route I .send 
this by a small vessel, with notice to general Lewis 
of our approach. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

if on. John Armstrong, Sec'ry of War. 

Head- quarters, Niagara, May 3, 1813* 

Srn — I arrived at this place last evening with com- 
modore Chauncey in his fast sailing schooner, the 
Lady of the Lake ; we left the fleet with the troops 
on board in York road. The wind has been so un- 
favorable as to render it impracticable to come to 
this place with any prospect of effecting a landing. 

I have had a conference with generals Lewis, Boyd 
and Winder, at which commodore Chauncey was 
present. I did not find the preparations at this place 
as complete as could have been expected ; but as 
soon as the wind will permit, we shall make a de- 
^ scent. Commodore Chauncey has returned to the 
fleet, and will sail for this place as soon as he shall 
judge the wind favorable for crossing and landing 
the troops. In the menu time we shall be preparing 
to act in concert. General Boyd will take com* 
mand of the brigade lately commanded by general 
iPike. We find the weather on this lake at this sea- 
. ton of the year, such as to render naval operations 
extremely tedious and uncertain, especially when we 
have to debark troops on the shore of the lake, where 
there are no harbors. Westerly winds are necessa- 
ry ; we have ftdie but easterly. T have no doubt of 
ultimate success, unless harrassed and dispersed by 
the elements. 

T enclose a return of the killed and wounded. You 
will observe the loss was very small excepting that 
produced by the explosion. As nearly as I have 
been able to ascertain, the loss of the enemy amount- 
ed from ninety to one hundred killed, two hundred 
wounded and upwards of three hundred prisoners, 
I have not been able to ascertain precisely the num- 
ber of the militia put on their parole ; I presume it 

could not be less than five hundred. There was an 
immense depot of naval and military stores. York 
was the principal depot for Niagara and Detroit ; 
and notwithstanding the immense amount which was 
destroyed by them, we found more than we could 
bring off. General Sheaffe's b:igg::ge and papers 
fell into my hands. These papers are a valuable ac- 
quisition : I have not had time for a full examination 
of them. A scalp was found in the executive and 
legislative chamber, suspended near the speaker's 
chair, in cbmpany with the mace and other emblems 
of royalty. I intend sending it to you with a correct 
account of the facts relative to the place and situa- 
tion in which it was found. 

With great respect, I have the honor to be, sir, 
your most obedient servant, 

Hon. Jolm Armstrong, Sec'ry at War. 

Head-quarters, Niagara, May 13, 1813. 

Sin— Commodore Chauncey with the fleet and 
troops arrived here on the evening of the 8th, and in 
the course of the night the troops were debarked in 
a Very sickly and depressed state. A large propor- 
tion of the officers and men were sickly and debili- 
tated. It was deemed expedient to give them time 
to recruit their health and spirits, and in the mean 
time for the fleet to return to Sackett's Harbor, and 
take on board one thousand additional troops ; — and 
orders were despatched to Utica, Rome and Oswego, 
to have the troops at those places forwarded here in 
boats from Oswego. Backus's corps of light dra- 
goons, about four hundred, principally dismounted, 
and five hundred of the 1 1th regiment from Burling- 
ton, have been ordered to Sacketfs Harbor. These, 
with three hundred volunteers, and a full company 
of artillery, are to form a gffrrison at that place. — • 
Additional cannon will be mounted. General Brown 
of the militia has been requested to hold three or 
four hundred men of the immediate vicinity, in rea- 
diness to aid the garrison, in the event of any attack. 
My intention is to collect the main body of the 
troops at this place, and as soon as commodore 
Chauncey returns, and the forces from Oswego arrive, 
to commence operations in as spirited and effectual 
a manner as practicable. This change in the pro- 
posed system of operations, has been rendered ne- 
cessary by a long series of the most unfortunate 
winds and weather that could have occurred at this 
season, and such as could not have been contem- 

Colonel Scott reached this yesterday in boats from 
Oswego, with three hundred men. He was seven 
days wind bound in different places, and narrowly 
escaped the loss of his boats and men. I had ex- 
pected him on the 3d. I had almost given him up 
for lost 

General Harrison is invested ; and presuming on 
the uncertainty of events, I shall make calculation 
of a reinforcement to the enemy of British and In- 
dians from Detroit. We shall be prepared for them; 
and I shall consider a concentration of their force 
rather as a fortunate circumstance than otherwise. 

I observed in a former letter, that on my arrival 
here on the evening of the 2d, the preparation for 
an immediate co-operation, were not as complete as 
could have been expected. General Lewis was at 
14 miles distance. Winder, with his command, was 
at Bhick Rock. The boats had not been transported 
from Schlosser ; not one of the scows completed ; 
the heavy guns and mortars not placed in the batte- 
ries ; two 18 and two 12 pounders not mounted ; but 
with all these defects we should have made an attack 
on the 4th or 5th, if the fleet had arrived with the 
troops in health, on the 3d, as was expected. 



I have, the honor to be, sir, most respectfully, 
your obedient and humble servant, 

Hon. John Armstrong, Sec'ry at War. 

Head-quarters, Foit George, Upper Canada, May 27, 1S13. 
Sir— The light troops under the command ot col. 
Scott and major Forsyth landed this morning at 9 
o'clock. Major-general Lewis's division, with colo- 
nel Porter's command of light artillery, supported 
them. General Boyd's brigade lauded immediately 
after the light troops, and generals Winder and 
Chandler followed in quick succession. The land- 
ing was warmly and obstinately disputed by the Bri- 
tish forces ; but the coolness and intrepidity of pur 
troops soon compelled them to give ground in every 
direction. General Chandler with the reserve (com- 
posed of his brigade and colonel Macomb's artillery) 
covered the whole. Commodore Chauncey had made 
the most judicious arrangements for silencing the 
enemy's batteries near the point of landing. The 
army is under the greatest obligation to that able 
naval commander, for his indefatigable exertions, in 
co-operation in all its important movements, and es- 
pecially in its operations this day. Our batteries 
succeeded in rendering fort George untenable; and 
when the enemy had been beaten from his position, 
and found it necessary to re-enter it, after firing a 
few guns, and setting" fire to the magazines, which 
soon exploded, moved oft' rapidly by different routes. 
Our light troops pursued them several miles. The 
troops having been under arms from one o'clock in 
the morning, were too much exhausted for any fur- 
ther pursuit. We are now in possession of fort 
George and its immediate dependencies ; to-morrow 
we shall proceed further on. The behavior of our 
troops, both officers and men, entitles them to the 
highest praise; and the difference in our loss with 
that of the enemy, when we consider the advantages 
his positions afforded him, is astonishing. We had 
seventeen killed and forty-five wounded. The ene- 
my had ninety killed and one hundred and sixty 
wounded, of the regular troQps. We have taken 
one hundred prisoners, exclusive of the wounded. 
Colonel Meyers of the 49th, was wounded and taken 
prisoner. Of our's only one commissioned officer 
was killed, lieutenant llobart, of the light artillery. 
Inclosed is the report of major-general Lewis. 

I have the honor to be, sir, with great considera- 
tion and respect, your most obedient servant, 

Hon. John Armstrong, Sec'ry at War. 

On the field, one o'clock, 27th May, 1813. 
Dear sin— Fort George and its dependencies are 
ours. The enemy, beaten at all points, has blown 
up his magazines and retired. It is impossible at 
this moment to say any thing of individual gallan- 
try. There was no man who did not perform his du- 
ty in a manner which did honor to himself and his 
country. Scott and Forsyth's commands, support- 
ed by Boyd's and Winder's brigades, sustained 
the brunt of the action. Our loss is trifling— per- 
haps not more, than twenty killed, and twice that 
number wounded. The enemy left in the hospital 
one hundred and twenty-four, and I sent several on 
board the fleet. We have also made about onehuu- 
dred prisoners of the regular forces. 

I am, dear sir, most respectfully, your obedient 
servant, MORGAN LEWIS. 

Major-general Dearborn, 

CommaTuier -in- chief of the northern army. 

Head-Quarters, Fort George, May 29, 1813. 
Sir — General Lewis was ordered to march yester- 
day morning with Chandler and Winder's brigades, 
the light artillery, dragoons, light infafitry and ri- 
flemen, in pursuit of the enemy fey way of Queens- 

town. 1 had received satisfactory information that 
the enemy had made a stand on the mountain, at a 
place called the Beaver Dams,where he had a deposit 
of provisions and stores, and that he had been join- 
ed by three hundred regulars from Kingston, landed 
from small vessels, near the head of the lake. I had 
ascertained that he was culling in the militia, and 
had presumed that he would confide in the strength 
of his position and venture an action, by which an 
opportunity would be afforded to cut off his retreat, 

I have been disappointed, Although the troops 
from fort Erie and Chippewa had joined the main 
body at the Beaver Dams, he broke up yesterday 
precipitately; continued his route along the moun- 
tain, and will reach the head of the hike by that 
route. Lieutenant-colonel Preston took possession 
of fort Erie and its dependencies last evening. The 
fort had been abandoned and the magazines blown 
up. I have ordered general Lewis to return without 
delay to this place, and if the winds favor us, we 
may yet cut off the enemy's retreat at York: but 
unfortunately we have plenty of rain but no wind ; 
it may, however, change for the better in a few hours. 
1 shall afford commodore Chauncey every facility in 
my power in his preparations for commanding lake 
Erie. He is very anxious to return to Sackett's Har- 
bor ; for until his other ship is fitted, it is not certain 
that he can continue in the command of lake Onta- 
rio. I was the last evening honored with your de- 
spatches of the 15th instant. I have taken measures 
in relation to the twenty-three prisoners who are to 
be put in close confinement. 

I have the honor to be, sir, with high consideration 
and respect, your most obedient servant, 

Hon. general John Armstrong, secretary of -war. 

Extract of a letter from major-general Dearborn fo 
the secretary ofivar, dated 

Newark,,Upper Canada, June 4, 1813, 
u Chandler and Winder are in pursuit of the 
enemy, who has halted about fifty-five miles from 
here. I am still very feeble and gain strength but 

Head-Quarters, Fort George, June 6, 1813. 
Sir — I have received an express from the head of 
the lake this evening, with the intelligence tfy-it otu." 
troops were attacked at two o'clock this morning, 
by the whole British force and Indians, and bj' some 
strange fatality, though our loss in numbers was 
small, and the enemy was completely routed and driv- 
en from the field, both brigadier-generals Chandler 
and Winder were taken prisoners. They had ad- 
vanced to ascertain the situation of a company of 
artillery where the attack commenced. General 
Chandler had his horse shot under him and was 
bruised by the fall. General Vincent, their commande- 
er, is supposed to have been killed. Colonel Clark 
was mortally wounded and fell into our hands, with 
sixty prisoners of the 49th. The command devolved 
on colonel Burn, who has retired to the Forty-mile 
Creek. If either of the general officers had remain- 
ed in command, the enemy would have been pursued 
and cut up ; or, if colonel Burn had been an officer 
of infantry. The loss of the enemy in killed, wound- 
ed and prisoners, must exceed two hundred and fifty. 
The enemy sent in a flag next morning, with a re- 
quest to bury their dead. Generals Lewis and Boyd 
set off immediately to join the advanced army. I 
never so severely felt the want of health as at pre- 
sent, at a time when my services might, perhaps, be 
most useful. I hope general Hampton will repair 
here as soon as possible. 

With great respect, I have the honor to be, sir, 
your most obedient servant, H. DEARBORN 

Hon. general John Armstrong, 
e^tetary of lopr,. 


Junefe, 1813. 
There was a mistake in the arrival of the express 
mail. Since writing the above the enenn 's flee! h;is 
passed, consisting of two large ships and four heavy 
schooners. 1 hav.js consequently deemed it prudent 
to concentmte the force.* at tfua point. H. D. 

Heail-Quavteys, Ftort Georre Juno 8, 1S13. 
Sir — t have Keen honored with your letters of the 
26th and 27th ult. and a duplicate of one of the 19th 
Ait" April. My ill state of hedth renders it extreme- 
ly painful to attend to the current duties ; and unless 
my health improves soon, I fear I shall be compelled 

Extract of n letter fr^tn viajorgrneralMorgan Lci.:\ 
tn the secretary of war] dated 

Niagara, June M, 1813- 
\ oil will perceive by the enclosed copy of order* 
marked 1, that general Dearborn, from indisposition, 
iias resigned the command, not oidv of the Nfa'gjar.a 
army, but of the district. 1 have "doubts whether 
lie will ever again be fit for serviced He has been' 
repeatedly in a slate of convalescence ; bu£. relapses 
on the least agitation of mind 

"In my 'las*, I mentioned the unfortunate, cir- 
cumstance of the capture of our two brigadiers, 
to retire to some place, where my mind may he more I Chandler and Winder. The particulars are detaileu, 

at ease, f u* a short time. Colonel Macomb proceed 
ed with two hundred men, with the commodore, to 
Sackett's Harbor. Lieutenant-colonel Ripley,, has 
also gone, by the way of Oswego, to the Harbor, with 
his regiment, where he will be joined by several 
T.undred recruits. He took charge of the provisions 
to Oswego. The commodore wjll not probably ven 

in the repoit of colonel 13 urns, marked 2, which he 
gives from the best information he could collect, pfi's 
corps lay a considerable distance from the scene of 
acl ive operation, as you will perceive by the enclosed 
diagram. The light corps spoken of, were captain 
Hmdman's, Nicholson's and Bidclleis companies of 
the 2nd artillery, serving as infantry. These three. ' 

ture out until his new ship it fit for sea. The enemy i gentlemen, and captain Archer and Towson of the 
has now the command of the lake, and as long as I same regiment, and Leonard of the light artillery. 

that is the case^ any offensive operations below this 
must be suspended. I had intended placing a small 
garrison at fort Erie, and a stronger one at fort 
Cieorge ; but as you have directed otherwise, I shall 
select fort Oeorge as guarding the only harbor on 
•he southern shore of the lake. Detroit will be the 
safest harbor on lake Erie. I have by the request of 
commodore Chauncey, detached 200 men to aid cap- 
tain Per^y in removing his armed vessels from Hlack 
Ttock; to IVesque isle. Commodore Chauncey is un- 
willing to approach Maiden, unless he can have a 
reinforcement to general Harrison, of our regulars. 
As my command does not extend to Maiden, I ask 
your directions on this subject. The commodore is 
anxious that his fleet on lake Erie should pmceed 
with troops to Michilimackinac and St. Joseph, as 
soon as the business shall be decided at Detroit. On 
'aking possession of this place, the inhabitants came 
in in numbers, and gave their poroles. I have pro- 
mised them protection. A large majority are friend- 
ly to the United States, and lixed in their hatred 
against the government of Cireat Britain. .If the} 
should generally be made prisoners of war, and 
taken from their families, it would have a most un- 
favorable effect upon our military operations in the 
provinces. The whole country would be driven to 
a state of desperation, and satisfy them, beyond a 
doubt, that we had no intention of holding the pro- 
vinces. The same effect would be produced on the 
Indians, who are now principally quiet, for fear of 
losing 1 their valuable tract of land on Grand river. 
I had authorised the civil magistrates to combine in 
the due exercise of their functions, and cannot, with 
propriety, revoke this authority, unless specially di- 

The whole of our troops, officers and men, in the 
action of the 27th discovered a degree of ardor and 
readiness for action, which evinced a determination 
to do honor to themselves and country. The animat- 
ing example set by colonel Scott and general Boyd, 
in landing and repulsing the enemy, deserves parti- 
cnl:.r mention. I am greatly indebted to colonel Por- 
ter, major ArmUtead and captain Totten, for their 
rid'u.iwMs arran'getnenfs and skilful execution in de- 
molishing the enemy's fort and batteries, and to the 
officers of the artillery generally, who had the direc- 
tion of the gum. 

I have the honor to be, with, great respect, your 
most obedient servant, 

IJajr. general John Armstrong 
sefrelafy of year. 

are soldiers who would honour any service. Their 
gallantry and that of their companies were equally 
conspicuous on this occasion, as in the affair of the; 
27th ult. A. view of general Chandler's encampment 
will be sufficient to show, that his disaster was owing* 
to its arrangement ; its centre being its weakest 
point, and that being discovered by the enemy in the 
evening, received the combined attack of his whole 
force, and his line was completely cut. It is said, 
though I cannot vouch for its truth, that genera? 
Winder saw this, and remonstrated against it. The 
gallantry of the 5th, 25th and part of the 23d and 
light troops, saved the army: of the 5th, it is said, 
that when the day broke, not -a man was missing; and 
that a part of the 23d, under major Armstrong, wits; 
found sustaining its left flank.' Their fire was irre- 
sistible, and' the enemy was compelled to give way. . 
Could he have been pressed the next morning, his des- 
truction ivijLs inevitable. He was dispersed in every . 
direction, and even his commanding general was 
missing without his hat or horse. 1 understand he 
was found the next evening almost famished, at a 
distance of four miles from the scene of action. 

" Lieutenant M'Chesney's gallantry recovered a 
piece of artillery and prevented the capture of others, 
lie merits promotion for it. 

" On the evening of the 6tli of .Tune, I received the 
order No. 4, and joined the army at 5 in the afternoon, 
of the 7th. I found it at the Forty -mile Creek, ten 
miles in the real* of f lie ground, on which it had been 
attacked, encamped on a plain, of about a mile in 
width, with its right flank on the lake, and its left 
on the creek, which skirts the base of a perpendicu- 
lar mountain of considerable height. On my route, 
I received No. 5 and 6. enclosed. 

(i At 6 in the evening the hostile fleet hove in sight, 
though its character could not be ascertained with 
precision. We lay on our arms all night. At dawn 
of day struck our tents, and descried the hostile 
squadron abreast of us about a mile from the shore. 
Our boats which transported the principal part of 
our baggage and camp equipage, lay on the beach.j 
it was a dead call** ; and about six, the enemy towed 
in a large schooner, which opened her fire on our 
boats. As soon as she stood for tlje shore, her ob- 
ject being* evident, I ordered down Archer's and 
Towson's companies with four pieces of artillery, to 
resist her attempts. I at file same time -sent captain 
Tptten, of the- engineers, (a most valuable officer) to 
construct a temporaryfurnace for lieating shot, which 
was prepared and in operation in less than thirty 
minutes. Her fire was returned with vivacity and 
filed (excelled by no artillery in the universe) which 


No. 2 or vol. VL] 

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, Maiich 12, 1814. 

[whole ku. 132. 

Hxc olitn meminisse juvabit. — Virgil. 

Printed and published by H. Nilks, South-st. next door to the Merchants' Coflee House, at # 5 per annum. 


soon compelled her to retire. A party of savages 
now made their appearance on the brow of* the moun- 
tain (which being perfectly bald, exhibited them to 
view) and commenced a fire on our camp. I order- 
ed colonel Chrystie to dislodge them, who entered 
on the service with alacrity, but found himself an- 
ticipated by lieutenant Eldridge, the adjutant of the 
regiment, who, with a promptness and gallantry 
highly honorable to that young officer, had already 
gained the summit of the mountain, with a party of 
volunteers, and routed the Barbarian allies of the 
defender of the Christian faith. This young man 
merits the notice, of government. 

"These little affairs cost us not a man. Sir 
.Tames L. Yeo being disappointed of a tragedy, next 
determined in true dramatic style, to amuse us with 
a farce. An officer With a flag was sent to me from 
his ship advising me, that as I was invested with sa- 
vages on my rear, a fleet in my front, and a powerful 
army on my flank, he and the officers commanding 
his Britannic majesty's land forces, thought it a duty 
to demand a surrender of my army. I answered 
that the message was too ridiculous to merit a reply. 
No. 7. was delivered to me at about 6 this morning. 
Between 7 and 8 o'clock, the few waggons we had, 
being loaded, first with sick, and n.ext with ammu- 
nition, &c. the residue of camp equipage and bag- 
gage was put in the boats, and a detachment of two 
hundred men of the 6th regiment detailed to pro- 
ceed in them. Orders were prepared to be given 
them to defend the boats, and if assailed by any of 
the enemy's small vessels, to carry them by board- 
ing. By some irregularity, which I have riot been 
able to discover, the boats put off without the detach- 
ments, induced probably by the stillness of the mora- 
ing. When they had progressed about three miles, 
a breeze sprung up, and an armed schooner overhaul- 
ed them. Those who were enterprising kept on and 
escaped; others ran to the shore and deserted their 
boats. We lost twelve of the number, principally 
containing the baggage of the others and men. 

" At ten I put the army in motion on our return to 
this place. The savages and incorporated militia 
hung on our flanks and rear throughout the march, 
and picked up a few stragglers. On our retiring 
the British army advanced, and now occupies the 
ground we left." 


Head quarters, Niagara, June 6, 1814. 
Bear general—- You will please to proceed with as 
little delay as may be, and take command of the ad- 
vanced army. Brigadier generals Boyd and Swart- 
wout, and colonel Scott, will accompany you. I have 
ordered an additional escort of light artillery to be 
equipped as cavalry to attend you. You will attack 
the enemy as soon as practicable ; your force will 
ensure success; every possible eftbrt should be made 
for preventing the enemy's escape. 
May success and glory attend you. 
Yours with esteem, H. DEARBORN.^ 

Major genera I Lewis. 

Niagara, Jnne 6, 1813. 
Bear ge?ieral—& ship having appeared this rnorn- 
n£ steering towards t% head of the lake, which i» 
Vot,. VI. 

undoubledly one of the enemy's ships ; others are 
appearing; you will please to return with the troops 
to this place as soon as possible. 


P. S. The object of the enemy's fleet must be in- 
tended to cover the retreat of their troops or to bring 
on a reinforcement. H. D. 

Major general Lewie. 

June 6, 1813. 

It is possible the fleet in sight may be our own; a 
few hours will probably enable you to determine and 
act accordingly. Hi DEARBORN. 

General Lewis. 

Bear general — I am induced to suspect that the 
enemy's fleet have an intention on this place. Two 
small schooners have been examining the shore very 
minutely for three or four hours this afternoon. They 
have gone on towards the head of the lake, and their 
ships appear to have taken the same course ; they 
may take on board additional troops near the head 
of the lake and be here before you reach this place. 
You will please to send Milton's detachment and 500 
of Chandler's brigade, and colonel Burn's light dra- 
goons with all possible despatch ; they ought if pos- 
sible, to be here some time to-morrow forenoon. 
You will follow with the remainder of the troops aj 
soon as practicable. It will be necessary to take care 
that your boats are not take a or lost. General 
Swartwout and colonel Scott should return as soon 
as they can. 

Yours with esteem, H. DEARBORN. 

General Lewis. 

Orders. — adjutant general's office, 

Head quarters, Fort George, June 10, 1813. 

By reason of the temporary indisposition of major 
general Dearborn, the command of the troops on this 
frontier and of the ninth military department of the 
United States, devolves on the major general Lewis, 
All persons concerned are notified accordingly. 

By command, 

W. SCOTT, adjutant general. 
Extract of a letter from colonel James Burn, 2d Hght 
dragoons, to major general Dearborn. 

" In the afternoon of the 5th our advance-guard, 
consisting of the light infantry, under the command 
of captains Hindman, Biddle, and Nicholas, a part of 
the rifle corps under captain Lytle, and a detachment 
of the 2d dragoons under captain Selden, commenced 
a sharp skirmish with the advance of the enemy, 
said to be a detachment of the 49th regiment, which 
soon retreated, covered by a thick woods, having, 
however, several wounded on both sides, and one 
dragoon horse killed. In the evening our advance 
returned behind Stony Creek, where the army took 
a position for the night. The light infantry, and 
part of the rifle corps on the right of the 26th regi- 
ment, formed the right wing. The artillery, under 
captains Towson and L. Leonard, the centre. The 
5th, 16th, 23d, and some riflemen, the lei't wing, and 
the cavalry in the rear. A strong picket guard was 
posted some distance in front, also strong flank and 
rear guards in such manner as to surround tl*; whole 
encampment with centinels — the troops lay under 
arms without any covering. Our numbers in the 
field djd not exceed one thousand. Three hundred 
effectives of the 13th and 1 4+h regiments irjjvinjj ©V 



ght troops and 2 

or Smith. In a few m'ihutes it 
Djj the whole line, and was nobly 

camped on the bofaers of the lake, about three miles 
1 stant, for the protection oi' ihe beats. The encim 
| Diir picket and attacked us about two o'chak 
in the morning (which was very dark) with their 
army an 1 Indians, expecting, no doubt, to throw us 
onfltsion. Their views were, in this 
however, completely frustrated, and when the day 
dawned, none were to be seen except their killed and 
wounded, who covered the field of battle. The at- 
tack began on our right, and was gallantly repelled 
by the fire o( the lieht troons and 25th regiment 
commanded by nw 
became general al 
returned by the artillery of the centre, commanded 
By captains Towson and L. Leonard, and again by 
the trsbps of the left wing-, viz. the 5th, under lieu- 
tenant colonel Milton, the 23d, commanded by major 
Armstrong, and the 16lh. The lire continued with 
little intermission for one hour, daring which time 
the enemy attempted, by frequent charges to break 
our line, but without effect, being obliged to give 
•way by the well directed fire of our brave troops. 

The 13th and 14th regiments (which had been 
detached the preceding evening) were active in 
making prisoners, and advanced with much ardor to 
the field in hopes of sharing with the gallant 5th and 
25th, 23d and light troops, the glory of another com- 
bat. But the unfortunate capture of brigadier gene- 
rals Chandler and Winder, who were taken in the 
action unknown to any part of the army and hurried 
into the enemy's lines, prevented the future opera- 
tions from being carried into ehijct with the promp- 
titude which would assuredly have taken place had 
either of those officers been present to command. 

You will be surprised to find our loss so small — 
that of the enemy Jrtceeds ours much ; they lost in J 
killed about sixty, many wounded, and upwards of 
jeventy prisoners, all regulars and principally of the 
19t v j regiment. Several of their officers were killed, 
wounded and missing. A flag was sent bycolonel Her- 
vcv, asking permission to make inquiries for them ; 
.also to be allowed to send a surgeon to attend their 
own wo.mded, which I readily granted. On the re- 
Lura of dav-light I found the command devolved on 
me, and being at a loss what steps to pursue in the 
unpleasant dilemma, occasioned by the capture of 
our generals ; finding the ammunition of many of the 
troops nearly expended, I had recourse to a council 
of the field officers present, of whom a majority coin- 
cided in opinion with me that we ought to retire to 
our former position at the Forty-mile Cr-eek, where 
wc could be supplied with ammunition and provi- 
sions, and either advance or remain until further or- 
ders. Every aid was afforded by the staff. The as - 
• sistant adju(ant general major Johnson, and brigade 
majors Jones and Wartenby exerted themselves in 
rendering all the assistance in their power. 

The army on this occasion has proved its firmness 
and bravery, by keeping its position in a night attack, 

Montreal, Jjiflo 18, 18 IX 

Sin — I deem it my duty to improve the earliest 
opportunity possible, to give you a more detailed 
account of the affair of the 6th instant, near Stony- 
Creek, than I have before had it in my power to do. 
On the morning of the 5th I arrived at Forty-mile 
Creek. The detachment under general Winder Was 
then under marching orders for Stony creek. After 
a short halt the whole marched for that place-, and 
arrived there between five awl six o'clock P. M, at 
which place a small picket, of the enemy was posted, 
but retired on our approach. The advanced guard 
pursued, and, soon fell iiv with a picket of about 100 
strong, under colonel Williams. A skirmish ensued. 
i hastened the main body. Williams retreated and 
our advance pursued. The pursuit was continued 
rather longer than [ could have wished, but returned 
to their proper position in the line of m,areh,not far 
from sun-set. 1 had ordered the 13th and 14th, who 
were in the rear, to take a position for the night near 
the mouth of the creek, to cover the boats, (should 
they arrive) -which would be on the route which I in- 
tended to pursue the next morning, and a favorable 
position presenting itself, 1 encamped with the resi- 
due of the troops, excepting captain Archer's com- 
pany of artillery, which accompanied the 13th and 
14th on the spot where we had halted, with an ad- 
vanced picket from half to three quarters of a mile 
in front \ with express orders for them to keep out 
constantly a patrole. A right and left flank guard 
and a rear guard were also posted, I gave positive 
orders for the. troops to lay on their arms. Contrary 
to my orders fires were kindled; but there are doubts 
whether this operated for or against us, as the fires 
of the 25th, which were in front, and by my orders 
had been abandoned, enabled to see a part of the en- 
emy, while the fires on our left enabled the enemy 
to sae our line. On the w!iolc% 1 think it operated 
against us, I did expect the enemy would attack us 
that night, if he intended to fight; but perhaps this 
was not expected by all. 1 had my- horse confined 
near me, and directed that the harness should not be 
taken from the artillery horses. I directed where 
and how the line should be formed, in case of attack. 
About an hour before day light, on the morning of 
the 6th, the alarm was given. I was instantly up, 
and the 25th, which lay near me, was almost as in- 
stantly formed, as well as the 5th and 2'3d, which 
was on the left, under the immediate eye of general 
Winder. Owing to the neglect of the front picket, 
or some other cause, the British officers say, that they 
were not hailed, or an alarm given, until they were 
within three hundred yards of our line. The extreme 
darkness prevented us from seeing or knowing at 
what point they intended to attack us, until an at- 
tack was made on our right. A well directed fire 
was opened upon them from the 25th and from nearly 
the whole line. After a i'exv minutes I heard several 
muskets in our rear, iii the direction of". the rear) 
guard,. and then expected that the enemy had gained 

timidate. The enemy charged repeatedly, and so 
dark was the night that our army coukl-not distin- 
coiish friend from foe ; in one of those they succeeded 
in carrying off a six-pounder, a howitzer and a cais- 

the mortification of our brave artillery. I pre- 
sume it was on that occasion also that we lost our ge- 
nerals who were distinctly heard encouraging- our 

i fight. The squadron of dragoons remained 

foi m.' d and steady at their post, but coitld not Act on 

t ;,< count of the darkness of the night, and the thick- 

I the adjacent woods. Much credit is due to 
♦ he troops generally, but too much praise cannot be 
3aid of the, conduct of the 5\h and 25th regiments." 

in which the yells of the Indians mingled with the our rear by some path unknown to me, and were I 
roaring of cannon and musketry were'calculaled to- about to attack us in rear. I instantly ordered co-|i 

lonel Milton, with the 5th, to form in our rear near! 
the woods, to meet with such circumstances asi 
might take place, knowing that I could call him toj 
any other point, if necessary, at any moment. I hadjr 
observed, that the artillery was not covered, and di-h 
reeled general Winder to cause the 23d to be formed!, 
so far to the right, that their right should cover the|l 
artillery. At this moment T heard a new burst of 1 
fire from the enemy's left on our right, and not ablej 
to see any thing which took place, I set out full speed|) 
towards the right, to take measures to prevent myj' 
right flank from being turned, which I expected «■ 
had proceeded but a few f 



V:a\is, bcforf my Horse fell urttlee me, by which falli 
J received a serious injury. Here was a tip'.e when I 
have no recollection of what passed, but 1 presume j 
it was not long 1 . As soon as I recovered 1 recollected | 
what my object was, and made my way to the right; I 
and ffave major Smith such directions as 1 thought 
proper, to prevent his right frond being turned by 
surprise, I was then returning towards the centre,) 
and when near the artillery* heard men, who, by the 
noise, appeared to be in confusion, it being- the point 
at which I eSpected the 23d to be formed. 1 expec- 
ted it was that regiment 1 approached them, and as 
-soon as I was near enough, I saw a body of men, who 
I thought to be the 23d, in rear of the artillery, bro- 
ken. I hobbled in amongst them, and began to rally 
ihem, and directed therh to form; but I soon found my 
mistake; it was the British 49th, who had pushed for- 
ward to the head of their column and gained the rear 
of the artillery. I was immediately disarmed and 
conveyed down the column to its rear. It was not 
yet day, and the extreme darkness of the night, to 
which was added the smoke of the tire, put it total 1} 
out of our prver to see the situation of the enemy. 
This was all that saved their columns from sure and 
tnt-d destruction, of which some of their officers are 
aware. After seeing the situation of the column as I 
passed. I did hope and expect that general Winder, 
on the first dawn of light) would see their situation, 
and bring colonel Milton with the 5th, (who I had 
Still kept in reserve until T could have day-light to 
discern their situation) to attack this column, which 
J. am sure, He would have done to advantage; bet, to 
my mortification, I soon learned that he had fallen 
into the same mistake with myself ; and by endeavor- 
ing tQ learn what was taking place in the centre, he 
was also taken, as we'll as major Van De Venter. To 
the extreme darkness of the night, the enemy's 
knowledge of his intended point of attack, and our 
not knowing at what point to expect him, must be 
attributed his partial success, and not to a want of 
strength or bravery in our troop's, who, generally, be- 
haved remarkably well under all the circumstances ; 
and however unfortunate the eVeht, as it rel/ttes to 
myself, I only ask that all 'the circumstances may be 
taken into consideration, in making up your opinion 
upon the conduct of general Winder and myself in 
this affair, which f am sure you will do, and I flatter 
myself you will see no cause of censure. I regret that 
my dec rep id situation, and the rapidity with which 
we have been brought to this place, has put it out of 
my power to" give you a detailed account of the affair 
earlier. I am now able to walk some with the aid of 
a cane, and 1 hope 1 shall continue to recover. 
I have the honor to be, he, &c. 

JOHN CHANDLER, brigadier general. 
Major general JOearborn. 

Head quarters* Fovt George, June I2th» 
Sin — -As the general is udable to write, I am di- 
rected by him to inform you, that in addition to the 
debility and fever he has been afflicted with, he has 
within the last twenty-four hours experienced a vio- 
lent spasmodic attack on his breast, which has 
obliged him to relinquish business altogether, and 
the command is given over to major general Lewis, 
who will in future make the necessary communica- 
tions to the department of war. The British fleet 
■ still rides triumphant in this section of the lake. 

T have the honor to he, sir, with great respect and 
fonsideraticn, your obedient and humble servant, 
A. D. C. to genvral Dearborn. 
IJdn, general John Armstrong, 
^crptarvo'f war, 

Extract uf a letter from the secretary at -xar to major 
general Deavb'trn, dated 
i War «ltj>!irfni<.iif, June 9,1813. 

" tour.Mtcrs of the Oth and Kth inst. have been 
received. There is, indeed, some strange fatality at- 
tending flur efforts. 1 cannot disguise from you the 
xurpriac occasioned by the tvjv escapes of a beaten ene- 
my; first on the 27th ultimo* and again on ilu- 1st 
instant, Battles are not gained when an inferior and 
broken enemy is rfot destroyed. Nothing is done, 
while any thing that might have been done, is omit- 
ted. This maxim is as old as the profession of arms, 
and in no walk of life applies with as much force as 
in that of a soldier. , 

"Should Proctor have retired from Maiden, and 
been able to effect a junction with Vincent's corps at 
the head of the lake, it has been done for on* «f 
two purposes ; either to dispute with you the pos» 
session of the Peninsula, or more securely to effect 
their general ret i*eat to Kingston, The latter is the 
more probable conjecture of the two, and is strength* 
ened by the appearance of Yeo on the upper part of 
the lake, and by the position which Vincent has taken 

flead quarters, Fort George, June 20. 1813, 
$rn-— I have been so reduced in strength as to be 
incapable of any command. Brigadier general Boyd 
is the only geheral officer present, and from resignav 
tions, sickness, and other contingencies, the number 
of regimental officers present fit for ditty are far be* 
low what the service requires. A considerable por- 
tion of our army being composed of new recruits, 
and the weather having been extremely unfavorable 
to health, the sick have become so numerous, in ad- 
dition to the wounded, as to reduce the effective 
force far below what could have been contemplated; 
but if the weather should become favorable, which 
ought to be expected, a great part of the sick will 
probably be fit for duty bi a short time. The ene- 
my have been reinforced at the head of tlie lake 
with about 5Q0 men of the 104th regiment*- A vest 
sel carrying ammunition and other munitions of Avar 
bound to the head of the lake, was captured four 
days since by one of commodore Chauncey's schoo- 
ners, from which I conclude, that the enemy will 
endeavor to keep up such a force at or near the h^ad 
of the lake, as to prevent any part ofour force in this 
quarter fi om joining or proceeding ; to Sackett's Har- 
bor for the purpose of attacking Kingston; and such 
is the state of the roads in this flat country, in conse- 
quence of continual rains, as to render any operations; 
against the enemy extremely difficult without the. a d 
of a fleet for the transportation of provision, ammu- 

nition and other necessary supples. The enemy- 
would probably re.treat on our approach and keep 
out of our reach, being covered by one or more arm- 
ed vessels, which remains on this part of the lake, 
The whole of these embarrassments have resulted 
from a temporary loss of the command of the lake, 
The enemy has availed himself of the advantage and 
forwarded reinforcements and supplies.* 9 

Extract of a letter from the secretary at tear to majcf 
general Dearborn^ dated 

War department, July 1, 1813. 
(c The leisure you now have offers a fine opportu* 
nity for the adjutants and inspectors general to at^ 
tend to their particular duties. Some of the parties 
of which you speak from the enemy, may practice 
a trick on those who follow them. These last ought 
to be aery circumspect. Chauncey will, I hope, soon 
re-appear on the late. A battle will then decide 
which of us shall be victor for the campaign. I am 
afraid that we have all along acted on a belief, very 
pleasing, but ill founded, viz. that we were. j$cad. 



i}i' the enemy as to naval means and naval prepara- 
tion on the lakes. Are we sure that our calculations 
with regard to hike Erie hive been better than those 
with regard tp hike Ontario ? A week or two will 
decide this question." 

Read qunvrcrs, Fort George.June 25, 1813. 

Sii'— 1 hnc the mortification of informing you of 
an unfortunate and unaccountable event, which oc- 
curred yesterday. On the- 23d, at evening, lieutenant 
colonel Boerstler with 57D men, infantry, artillery, 
cavalry, and riflemen, in due proportion, was order- 
ed to march, by the way of Queenstown, to a place 
called the Heaver Dams, on the high ground about 
eight or nine miles from Queenstown, to attack and 
disperse a body of the enemy collected there for the 
purpose of procuring precisions, and harassing those 
inhabitants who are considered friendly to the Uni- 
ted Slates ; their force was from the most direct in- 
formation, composed of one company of the 104th 
regiment, above SO strong : from 150 to 200 militia, 
and from 50 to 60 Indians, At eight o'clock yester- 
day morning, when within about two miles of the 
Beaver Dams, our detachment was attacked from an 
ambuscade, but soon drove the enemy some dis- 
tance into the woods, and il>en retired to a clear 
held, and sent an express for a reinforcement, say- 
ing he would maintain his position until reinforced. 
— V reinforcement of three hundred men marched 
immediately under the command of colonel Chrystie, 
but on arriving at Queenstown, colonel Chrystie re- 
ceived authentic information that lieutenant colonel 
Bccrstler with his command had surrendered to the 
enemy, and the reinforsement returned to camp. 
A man who belonged to a small corps of mounted 
volunteer rifle-men, came in this* morning, who states 
that the enemy surrounded our detachment in the 
woods, and towards 12 o'clock commenced a general 
attack; that our troops fought more than two hours, 
until the artillery had expended the whole of its am- 
munition and then surrendered, and at the time of 
the surrender the informant made his escape. Why 
it should have been deenved proper to remain several 
hours in a position surrounded with woods without 
either risking a decisive action, or effecting a retreat, 
remains to be accounted for, as well as the project 
of waiting for a reintbrcement from a distance of fif- 
teen or sixteen miles. 

No information has been received of the killed or 
wounded. The enemy's fleet lias again arrived in 
our neighborhood. 

With respect and esteem, I am, sir, your hum- 
Die servant, H. DEARBORN. 

Hon. John Armstrong, secretary of war. 

War department, July 6, 1813. 

Sir — I have the president's orders to express to 
you hisxlecision, that you retire from the command 
of district No. 9, and of the troops within the same, 
until your health be re-established, and until farther 

I have the honor to be, sir, with very great respect, 
your most obedient and verv humble servant, 

J\fajor gen. Henri] Dearborn. 

Correspondence between the secretary of war and 
brigadier general Boyd. 

Extract of a lelter^rom the secretary of ivar to briga- 
dier g enerai Hoyd, dated 

Wair department, July 30, 1813. 
f The restriction put upon you with regard to the 
enemy, was but commensurate with their command 
of the lake. So long as they had wings and you had 
only feet; so k»ng as they could be transported, sup- 
plied and reinforced, by water and at will, common 

sense, as well as military principles, put you or. 
the defensive. These circumstances changed, the 
reason of the rule changes with them ; and it now 
becomes your business, in concert with the fleet, to 
harass and destroy the enemy, wherever you can find. 
him. Of the competency of your force there can be 
no doubt, provided your estimate of his be but 
tolerably correct." 

War department, July 30, 1813. 

Siu-~T have this moment received information thai. 
fort Meigs is again attacked, and by a considerable 
regular force. This must have been drawn from Dc 
Rottenbergs's corps. His late insolencefm pushing 
his small attacks to the very outline of your works, 
has bteen intended to mask the weakness produced 
by this detachment. If (as you say) you can beat 
him, do it without delay; and remember, that if you 
beat, you must destroy him. There is no excuse 
for a general who permits a beaten enemy to escape 
and to rally. These remarks grow out of some re- 
cent events in your quarrer, and require no explana- 
tion. It is the president's wish that you should 
communicate fully and freely with brigadier general 
Williams. It is only by this kind of intercourse that 
the efforts of ail can be united in promoting the pub- 
lic good. 

I am, sir, verv respectfullv, your most obedient, 
humble servant,' JOHN ARMSTRONG. 

Brigadier general Boyd, 
Fort George. 

Extract of a letter from brigadier-general John P. 
Boyd to the secretary of ivar, dkted 

Head-quarters, Fort George, July 27, 1813. 

"I had the honor to address you last on the 24th 
instant. On the 22d instant, general Lewis and com* 
modore Chauncey were advised by me that from ins 
telligence received from major Chapin and deserters, 
most of the enemy's captured ordnance and their 
principal depot of ammunition, stores, &c. are at the 
head of the lake. It was suggested that a Small 
force might surprise, take, destroy, or bring them 
off, if part of the fleet might be allowed to assist in 
moving our troops. 

Yesterday the Lady of the Lake brought me a let- 
ter from commodore Chauncey, stating that he ap- 
proved of the enterprize and would go himself with 
his feet to the head °f the lake, and requested guides, 
information, &c. I have deemed it proper to detail 
a number of troops under the command of colonel 
Scott, which will embark on board the Lady of the 
Lake, with directions to join the squadron, which 
is believed to be now somewhere near Little York.'" 

Extract of a letter from brigadier-general Boyd to the 
secretary at war, dated 

Fort George, July 31, 1813 

"I had the hotior to address you on the 27th hist. 
Agreeably to the plan therein suggested, commo- 
dore Chauncey arrived here on the 28th instant and 
received on board the fleet a body of men under the 
command of colonel Scott. Light and contrary winVJs 
retard their progress up the lake, but ere this the 
attack has probably been made on the head of the 
lake. No information has as yet been received. 

"The enemy has lately kept his indians so con- 
stantly scouring the woods of our vincinity, that we 
gain no deserters nor intelligence of his movements. 1 * 

(Jolonel Scott's Report. 

Fort George, Angus*" 3, 1813. 

Srn — I have the hotrbr to report, that in obedience 
to your orders I proceeded on board the fleet with the 
detachment of troops under my command, destined 
o act against the enemy's post at the bead of Little 
lake, or Burlington bay ; in sight of which place I 
arrived late in tha evening of the 30th ultimo*, the 



fleet having been greatly delayed by the almost con- lose, in a squall, two small schooners, whi#i upset. 

a severe cannonade was 

slant calm which has prevailed since wc sailed. 

This delay of forty-eight hours, after our destina- 
tion became obvious to the enemy, enabled him to an- 
ticipate our arrival by a reinforcement of 200 men 
from the nearest posts on this side of the lake, of 
which we were early apprized. Nevertheless, com- 
modore Chauncey, with my concurrence, thought it 
advisable to land the detachment from the army, to- 
gether with about 250 marines and seamen from the 
fleet, (making a total force of about 500 men) the 
better to enable us to. ascertain tlie exact force and 
position of the enemy's camp. The landing was 
made on the neck of land which nearly cuts off the 
Little lake from lake Ontario. From this point we 
could plainly discover the enemy's position on Bur- 
lington heights, surrounded on three sides by a creek, 
and in front by an entrenchment and a battery of 
seven pieces of cannon. The Little lake or bay is 
between those two points, six or seven miles across. 

Perceiving the strength of the enemy's position, 
and learning from the inhabitants, that the force on 
the heights, independent of the reiuforeement above 
mentioned, was nearly ''equal to o.ur own, the com- 
modore determined not to risk an attack, especially 
as our boats would have been greatly annoyed in the 
ascent tcHVards the head of the bay, by a small schr, 
of the enemy's, having on board one 18 pound car 
ronade. The channel connecting the two lakes did 
not afford water for the passage of either of our 
schooners. In the above opinion I fully concurred 
with the commodore. It may be added, that the 
enemy received a further reinforcement of 400 men 
ite same evening by land from Kingston. 

On our return to this harbor the fleet put into 
York, at which place we burnt the barracks and pub- 
lic stores, and brought off one piece of ordnance, 
(24 pounder) eleven batteaux, and about 400 barrels 
of flour and hard brend. The barracks and' stores 
had been repaired since the 27th May. Thirtv or 
forty sick and wounded in hospital, \vevci paro'led, 
and four prisoners (regulars) brought off. There 
had been no garrison at the place for the few davs 

I have the honor tp be, sir, your most obedient 

W. SCOTT, detachment. 
Brigadier-general Boyd, commanding, &c. &c. 

Extract of a letter from brigadier-general John P. 
Boyd to the secretary of war, dated 
Head-quarter?, Fort George, U. C. August 8, 1813. 

"By Tuesday's mail I had thp honor' to receive 
your commands of the 30th instant, and yesterday a 
number of letters enclosed, which were delivered as 

"Conceiving myself at liberty to act offensively on 
the arrival of the fleet, an expedition was immediate- 
ly concerted against the enemy, and acceded to by 
commodore Chauncey. One thousand was to embark 
on board the fleet, under the command of britradier- 
general Williams, to land at the head of the Take.-— 
The army at this place was to move in two columns 
against the enemy's front, while general Williams 
assailed his rear and cut off his retreat. Yesterday 
morning, the time when the troops were to have em- 
barked, the enemy's fleet was discovered off this 

"Commodore Chauncey weighed anchor, approach- 
ed him, and by every indication, that a leeward po- 
sition would admit, offered to engage." 

C ti 'lead-quarters, Fort George, August 12, 1813. 

Mr— 1 had the honor to address you the 8th inst. 
Unfavorable winds continued to thwart the wishes of 
commodore Chauncey to bring the enemv to action ; 
and about the 9tli instant he was so unfortunate as to 

On the night of the 10th 

heard on the lake, which we ascertained in the 
morning, resulted in the loss of two of our smallest 
schooners. Undiscouraged by these slight disaster.*, 
commodore Chauncey is still in pursuit of the ene- 
my, resolved to bring him to a general engagement. 
These circumstances have necessarily delayed the 
attack upon the enemy, which was contemplated in 
my last letter. General Porter is assembling a body 
of volunteers and indians at Buffaloe* with a view to- 
co-operate in this enterprise. He will probably join 
us soon. Any thing which can be done without the 
co-operation of the fleet, shall be attempted. To 
attack the enemy, without being able to cut off his 
retreat, would be only beating without capturing 

1 have the horior to be, sir, with great respect, 
your most obedient servant, 

JOHN P. BOYD, Brig. Gen.. Com. 
Hon. John Armstrong, Secfry of War. 

Head-qua rttrs, Furt George, August 15, 181.*). 
Sin — I had the honor to address you on the 12th 
instant. — Since which time nothing of importance 
has occurred. Commodore Chauncey has left" this 
part of the lake, and the enemy have now so far the 
ascendancy as to render the proposed emerprisc 
against his land force impracticable. Yesterday ge- 
neral, Porter arrived at this place with a body of vo- 
lunteers and indians, which had been previously as 
sembled at Buffaloe. In the event of such an attack 
as was contemplated, this force would be of infinite 
service. At present they can only be employed to 
Itarrass the enemy. 

I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient 

JOHN P. BOYD, Brig. Gen, Com. 
Hon. John Ar?nstron<>; Sec'ry of War. 
Letters from the secretary at war to major-general 

Lewvs, commanding at Sackett's Harbor. 

Extracts of a letter from the secretaty of war to ma» 

jor general J.jeivis, dated 

War Department, July 9, J8JS. 
"An order was expedited to general Dearborn yr-s- 
terday, permitting him to retire from the command 
of the army and district. Another was sent to Boyd 
forbidding him to engage in any affair with the ene- 
my that could be avoided, and subjecting him to the 
orders of major-general Hampton and of yourself. 
This last (for Hampton is now the oldest officer in 
the district) was intended to meet the contingency 
suggested in my last letter, viz. that if we regained 
the command of the lake, and Yeo retired under the 
guns of Kingston ; that this moment of superiority 
must not be lost, and that bringing down Boyd's 
division a blow might be struck at that place. To 
favor this enterprize, orders will be sent to general 
Hampton to push his head-quarters to the position 
held by our army the last campaign on lake Cham- 
plain ; and a requisition for ten thousand militia from 
the states of New York and Vermont, in reinforce* 
mentof this part of the plan, will be superadded. 
"The moment Chauncey goes out our stoves along 
the south shore of the lake should be broughtdowu 
to the harbor, and in that case, your small posts 
(consisting of regular troops) drawn into your main 

War Department, July 3, 1813. 
Stu — It is not merely possible, but probable, that 
the Hritish fleet in lake Ontario may, upon the fitting 
out the General Pike, refuse a battle and take shel- 
ter under the guns of Kingston until their new brig 
shall restore to them the superiority. A question of 
much importance arises on this supposed state of 
things. What will be the best possible employuleui 



6f our force during the period we may be able to, dcd by an act of the session of congress which closed 
Cmmand the lake ? Sluill we reinforce the troops at yesterday. Two of these will be raised in the state 
f>rt George from Sacketi's Harbor and cut off Vln-jof Ohio, aifd the third in that of Kentucky. 

" Whatever these troops may fall short of the 
number and strength contemplated by the laws mv> 
der which they shall be raised, must necessarily be 

vent* or shall we bring from fcjft^eorgethe mass of 
the division there, and uniting them to your present 
command, attack the enemy at Kingston? If the 
latter part of the alternative be adopted, two things 
must be done. A heavy body of militia should be 
assembled at Ogdensburg to draw to that point the 
enemy's attention, and general Hampton should 
more rapidly and in force against Montreal. Our 
assembled force at Suckett's Harbor Mould amount 
to seven thousand men, independently of the naval 
means;, i lie" enemy's [and force at 'Kingston is about 
Knir thousand. Could a successful attaCk be made 

here, the fate of the campaign is decided^-perhaps| ceip1 - of ycjS ^es^s^holthTsoK 
that of the war. The object is great : but m.pvo- 1 You W ' H1 fiud bv my ^tter of the Jth iustam% the 
Portion as it is so, the means of dtectmgrt ought to l plan prescribed for your part of the ensuing cam- 
paign; and to prevent any ill effect arising from its 

made up from militia and volunteers ; whence will 
arise the necessity of strictly attending to the pro- 
gress of enlistmerts, so that in the event of their 
failure, which maybe readily foreseen, time may be 
left for resorting to the other expedient." 

War department, March 7, 1813. 
$1 h^— Your letter of the 18th of February was, 
from some cause^ delayed much beyond the Usual 
course of the mail, and even some davs after the re- 

be well considered. From the sketches I have been 
able to procure of Kingston, and 'its vicinity,, I have] 
no doubt but that '"the attack should be made on the 
Works which cowr the battery en Navy Point. — 
These gained, town, battery, and harbor are all at 
your discretion. Beware of dividing your attack. 
Confine it to a single point, but let tliat point 'be a 
commanding one. 

Believe me, general, very respectfully and faith- 
fully yours, 


OStajor-general Lewis, Sacl:etfs Harbor. 

G.H impendence between the secretary of war and 
■' major general Harrison. 

Extract of. a letter from the secretary of war to major 
generul William if. Harrison, '■ Hated 

War department, March 5, 1813. 

*' I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of 
your despatches of the 11th and 20th ultimo. 

" The suspension of your movement in advance, 
ippears to have been necessary; but though this 
rp ay be the case, your demonstration's against Mai- 
den should not cease." These you will make In such 
way as sh ill be best calculated to keep up the ene- 
Iny's alarm fdr the safety of that post, and of the 
ships of war wintering there. You will be more 
able to appreciate the value of this policy when I 
state, that we shaU very soon be in motion on the 
Niagira and St. Lawrence. 

" You did well m stopping the march of the two 
regiments from Ohio. To have added to your force 
so long as your object is restricted to the mainte- 
nance of your present po.-ution, would have been a 
Very useless expenditure of both public spirit and 
public money. • 

" As your campaign is now at an end, and yet near- 
ly approached to that which, is coming, it may po 
proper to communicate to you the president's \\ews 
m relation to your subsequent movements. 

" It would appear that Maiden can only be suc- 
cessfully approached by the route you are now up- 
on, at two seasons of the year — -mid -winter and mid-, 
tfummer* 1'he? former \b gone, and to wait for the! be made with sufficient expedition 


latte* would be hardly less disastrous than defeat 
If.. What He'fnairis for us to do is to keep pur 
present ground till the lake opens, and tlien to rip- j boat 
prouch our object by water, ami under convoy of the 
Vessels of wai building at Presqtie Isle. These will 
be afloat and ready to operate by the middle of May. 
By the sane; time boats for the transportation of the 
troops, a train of artillery, baggage, <kc. may be 
Constructed. Cleveland is believed to be the place 
best hKed for this purpose. It will also be nsade 
the depot of the troops to be employed on the eipe- like 
cHtion, which will be the 24th regiment now at k 
-M»jsac ; and three of the 20 new regiments provi-Jby 

miscarriage, a second copy is herewith inclosed. It 
i'S probable that colonels M'Arthur and Cass will 
both be promoted to the rank of/ brigadier, and will 
be assigned to the command of the two brigades in- 
tended to form your division of t]ie army. In the 
enumeration of corps making parts of this division, 
t did 'not mention the two regiments of the Jine, the 
17th and l<3th, parts of which are already with you.. 
The filling up of these would be an important ser- 
vice, and you are requested to promote it. If you 
are at ease with regard to the safety of your present 
post, against the attacks of the enemy, and have se- 
cured to yourself the means of subsisting it, there 
can be no motive for either reinforcing it by new 
drafts from the militia, or retiring from it. If, on 
the other hand, your force should be so reduced as 
to make your stay perilous, without a further rein- 
forcement you may employ the two regiments raised 
in Ohio, or so many of them as may be necessary to 
your object. If again, the policy of adding to 
your force be forbidden, by the difficulty of sub- 
sisting it, and there arises a combination of both 
facts, viz : a want of force to maintain your present 
position, and a want of means to subsist a larger 
one, in that case, and in that alone, you will retire 
to the frontier settlements, and interpose the wilder- 
ness between you and the enemy. 

These directions have not g'rown out of any sug- 
gestions to be found in your letters, but have been 
produced by a circumspect ion which it is always 
proper to extend beyond the mere limits of existing 

I am, sir, with great respect, your obedient ser- 
Jilujor general William 71. Harrison, 
Franklinton, Ohio. 

War department, March 9, 1 fi 33- 
8ik— The government have the intention of build- 
ing a number of boats on lake Erie, for the purpose 
of transporting troops on that lake. Cleveland is the | 
point farthest west, where anv portion of these can | 

If the -whole t 
could be made there the better. These boats will 
be of the kind known by the name of Schenectady 
S, narrow, and sharp ahead, and flat-bottomed, 
rhey will cany from forty to fifty run", each, with 
their baggage;" arms and accoutrements, and provi-| 
sion for •the'voyage. It is proposed to commit the j 
superintendence 'of this service to you, and to be- 
stow noon you, pro hac vice, the staff appointment 
of deputy quarter master general. If workmen can-| 
not. be found at Cleveland and other places on tin 

oil will take them from Rittsbu 

inch ma -|j 

ials as voir may want, other than those produced j 
the country itself, vou will provide at Pittsfeurd 



tud have sent on without delay. Funds, for this, will be put under your control, and ywu 
will he careful to make reports weekly of your pro- 

Very respectfully, lam, sir, vour obedient servant, 

L'uptain Jessup, 


"Extract of a letter from major general William 
Harrison to the secretary of war, dated 

Head quarter;, ChlliVothe, Marei. 17, 1813.^ 

" The known candor of your character is a suffi- 
cient security for my receiving your pardon for the 
liberty I take in making- objections to the plan of 
operations communicated in your letter of trie ,5th 
instant. If there is a positive certainty of our get- 
ting the command of hike Erie, and having- a regu- 
lar force of three thousand live hundred, or even 1 

derahle numbers on the Auglaize and St. Mary's 

rivers ; and every exertion is now making to increase 
them, intended for the double purpose of taking 
down the provisions to the rapids, and for coasting 
the lake with the baggage of the army in its advance. 
I had calculated upon being able partially to use 
this mode of transportation, even if the cncm\ 
should continue their naval superiority on the lake-, 
but, with this advantage on our side, the whole bag* 
gage of the army could he safely and expeditiously 
carried along the coast in the boats and perogues ; 
which could be taken into the strait to transport the 
army to the Canada shore. 

'* As I have before observed, the army, unincum- 
bered with heavy baggage, would find no difficulty ii;< 
marching round the lake at any season, but what the 
enemy would create, and we have the means of sub- 

stiriGT a force that would be irresistible. 

three thousand wei} disciplined men, the proposed | „ The ob?ectioT)s to proceeding this way, stated 
plan of setting out from Cleve land, and landing on k } lett ' t6 colonel Monroe, arose from'the time 
the northern shore, below Maiden, would periiaps tlut Voul§ be pessary to construct boats after we 
bethe one by which that place and its dependencies U^ ^ ^^ &t {he gtpjiit . M ^ ob j ectlou 
6oiii4 he most easily.reducedJ am unacquainted with b entire] obviate d bv our obtaining the. command 
the extent of ^epreparations that are making to oh- Qf tbe lakej as the y^ and perog . U( ;. s built lipo „ tbe 

Miami will answer the purpose. With regard to the 
quantum of force,, my opinion is, that not only the 
regular troops, designated in your letter, but a laivre 

tain the naval superiority upon lake Eries but, should 
-they 'fail and the troops be assembled at Cleveland, 
it- would be difficult to get again upon the proper 
track for making the attack round the head of the 
■lake The attempt to cross the lake from Cleveland 
should not be. made with any other than well disci- 
plined troops. A comparatively smaller number of 
men of this description could effect the object, and 
for those the means of conveyance might be obtain- 
ed ; but the means of transporting such an army as 
would be required of militia, or undisciplined regu- 
lars, could not be procured. I can see no reason 
why Cleveland should be preferred as the point of 
embarkation for the troops, or the deposit for pro- 
visions and stores. These are already accumulated 
at the rapids of Miami, or in situations to be easily 
sent thither to an amount nearly equal to the con- 
sumption of a protracted campaign. _ .Although the 

auxiliary corps of militia should l>e employed. The 
only objection arises from the expensiveness of 
troops of that description. This, however, could n#t 
be an objoct, considering the very short time that it 
would be necessary to employ them. Let the moment 
for the commencement of the march from the ra- 
pids be fixed, and the militia might be taken to that 
point, proceed and accomplish the object, and re- 
turn home in two months, 

"Amongst the reasons which makes it necessary tw> 
employ a large force, I am sorry to mention the dis- 
may and disinclination to the service which appears 
to prevail in the western country; numbers must give 
that confidence which ought to fee produced by con- 
scious valor and intrepidity, which never existed in 

expenseand difficulty of transporting the provisions, !nrjV in a m:p erior degree, than amongst the 
artillery and stores for an army, round the head otj grea ter ' part of the militia which were with me 
the lake, would be very considerable, the lake beipg [thraui ' 

.. the winter. The new draughts from this 
I e heavy baggage taken state ave ent \ se \ y f another character, and are not to 
be depended upon. I have no doubt, however, but a 
sufficient number of good men can be procured and 
should they be allowed to serve on horseback, Ken- 
tucky would furnish some regiments that would not 
. be inferior to those that fought at the river Raisin, 
lrttle superior to militia ; the officers having, with | and they were, in mv opinion, superior to any mi - 
scarcely an exception, to leai n their duty before they i Utla tbat ever look lbe fie}d in mo dem tii 

possessed by our ship 

m boats along its margin, the troops would find no 
idifficulty in the land route. The force contemplated 
in your letter is, in my opinion, not sufficient to se- 
cure success. Admitting that the whole should be 
raised by the time pointed out, they would be very 

troops of cavalry have been formed in -Kentuckv, 
to offer me their service ; and several of them were 
intended for twelve months volunteers. Governor 
Shelby has some tliougb.ts.of taking the field in per- 
son—a number of good men will follow him. He 
thinks that an address from me to the people of the 
state Mould produce a good effect ; I have strong ob- 

,mea«s fail of 

could instruct their men; we have, therefore, no alter- 
native but to make up by numbers the deficiency in 

" I am well aware of the intolerable expense which 
attends the employment of a large militia force. — 
We are now, however, in a situation to avoid those 
errors, which made that of the last campaign so pe- 
culiarly heavy. Our supplies are procured', and so 1 -:"^^ 
deposited that the period tor the march or the armv 
from the advanced posts cm be ascertained to an 
hour, and of course the troops need not be called 
out until the moment they are to act. Experience 
has convinced me that militia are more efficient in 
the early than in the latter part of their service.- 
Upon the whole, it is my decided opinion that the 
rapids of Miami should be the point of rendezvous 
for the troops, as well as the princi <al depot. In- 
deed it must necessarily be the first deposit-^the pro- 
Visions for the army be so placed that they can be 
taken to the lake in no other way. The artillery and 
a considerably supply of ammunition are a 
l&Sfe, Boats and perouc^^nivel>eWfeuiit in 

have recourse to one, should othei 
bringing forward a sufficient force. 

" Every exertion shall in the mean time be uapd 
to forward the recruiting service : for a few weeks 
I think that ray services would be more useful in that 
than any other employment." 

War Department, April -4, 1813. 
Sir — Yomy despatch of the 17th ultimo, from Chi- 
licothe, has been received, and f hasten to communi- 
cate to you the views of the president, in relation to 
the next campaign, and the injunctions growing out 
of these, with regard to the employment of the mi- 
ady jlitia, See. 
nti-1 Our first o' ' 

ucct is 

ret a command of the Uses. 


Means to accomplish this object have been taken, 
and we have the fullest assurance, that by the 1st 
day of June it will be accomplished. 

This fact assumed, there can be no longer a dalibt 
by what means or by what route the division of the 
army assigned to you, ought to approach Maiden. 
A passage by water will carry you directly to the 
fortress you would attack without impairing your 
strength by fatigue, or diminishing it by battie. A 
passage by land will, on the other hand, call for 
givat eff<*rts,:and expose you. to great lossfcs, which 
if they do not destroy, will at least cripple you. — 
The former will be easy, safe, and economical ; the 
latter difficult, dangerous and enormously expen- 

On the other supposition, that we fail to obtain the 
command of the lake a new question will arise i 
whether the campaign shall take an offensive or de- 
fensive character ? Be this question determined as 
it may, the utmost extent which can be given to the 
force employed will be seven thousand effectives. 

Various reasons determine this point. The enemy 
have never had in the field, for the defence of Mai- 
den, more than two thousand men. Their number 
has no doubt been hitherto limited by their means 
of subsistence, and this cause is not likely to suf- 
fer any very material change in their favor during 
the ensuing campaign. More than seven thousand 
men, therefore, would be unnecessary on our part. 
Again : to maintain a greater number, would be im- 
practicable, in the present state of the treasury. 

It now remains only to signify to you, clearly and 
distinctly, the kind of force the government mean 
hereafter to employ in offensive operations, if it can 
be obtained. 

When the legislature, at their last session, adopted 
the measure «f augmenting the army to fifty-two re- 
giments of the line, it was expressly in the view of 
superceding hereafter the necessity Of employing 
militia, except in moments of actual invasion. In 
obedience to this policy, the president assigned to 
the 8th military district of the United States, four 
of these new regiments, which, if filled, and super- 
added to the two regiments of the line, now in that 
district, and the 24th in march for it, will give a to- 
tal of seven regiments, or seven thousand men. Tins 
number forbids the belief, that any employment of 
militia drafts will be necessary, when it shall have 
been collected. Till, however, this be done, or at 
least till time be given for the experiment, so many 
militia only are to be called out, as shall be necessa- 
ry for the defence of your posts on the Miami, and 
of your depots of provision on the lake. And should 
the recruiting service go on less fortunately in the 
patriotic states of Kentucky and Ohio, than in other 
parts of the union, you are in that case, and in that 
case only, authorised to call out -so many militia 
drafts as will make good the deficiency ; and organiz- 
ing these under the rules already precribed, await 
the furl her orders of the president in your camp at 
the Rapids. 

To these orders I have to add, that you will regard 
it as your duty to keep this department regularly 
and frequently informed of the actual condition of 
the troop* under your command; as well in regard 
to equipment and supplies of provision and ammu- 
nition, as to number, discipline and health ; and that 
your weekly and monthly reports shall include also 
the state of the ordnance and quarters-master's de- 
partments, noting particularly the number of horses 
and oxen employed by both. You will readily per- 
ceive the necessity for giving this order, when J 
state, that no return of any description from your 
division of the army has ever been received at the 
adjutant-genii's office. Your proportion of th e 

new staff lias been given to you. Captain Adams 
has been appointed assistant-adjutant-general, and 
Mr. Bartlett deputy-quarter-mister-general of your 
division. The brigadier-generals M'Arthur and 
Cass are employed in superintending the recruiting 
service. A letter from the latter gives reason to 
believe, that this will go on well in the state of Ohio. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient 

Major-general Harrison, 

Com. the 8th military district, U. S. 

Extract of a letter from major-general Harrison to the 

secretary of war, dated 

Head-Quarters, Camp Meigs, April 21, 1813. 

" The plan for ffciture operations, as laid down in 
your letter of the 4th, is no d6ubt the best that 
could have been devised in the event of the promised 
naval success, and a prosperous issue to the recruit- 
ing business. My measures will therefore be entire' 
ly directed to the prosecution of the campaign in 
that way. 

" There is nothing to be feared as to t^he ulterior 
operations of the campaign. 

" I shall cause the movements of the enemy to be 
narrowly watched ; but in the event of their landing 
at Lower Sandusky, that post cannot be saved. I will 
direct it, in such an event, to be evacuated. The 
stores theae are not of much consequence, excepting 
about 500 stand of arms, which I will cause to be 
removed as soon as the roads are practicable — at 
present it is impossible." 

Extract of a letter from the secretary of war to major~ 

general William H. Harrison, dated 

War Department, May 8, 1813, 

" Your letters of the 21st and 25th ultimo have 
been received. I never meant that you, or your ar- 
tillery, or stores for the camgaign, now collected at 
fort Meigs, should be brought back to Cleveland for 
embarkation. My intention was, that the boats built 
there should move along the coast in the wake of 
the fleet to Sandusky, or to the very foot of the 
rapids, if that were practicable and expedient, 
taking in on the route what was wanted. The boats 
building and built by major Jesup are not decked^ 
but strong and high sided, and very competent to 
the navigation of the lake, particularly between tha 
chain of islands and the west shore.'* 

Extract of a letter from the secretary of war to major" 

general William II. Harrison, dated 

War Department, May 21, 1813. 

" Your future requisitions for ordnance stores 
will be governed by the quantity on hand at fort 
Meigs and Franklinton, and by the number and 
calibres of the pieces you propose to take with you 
against Maiden. Your whole train, if I am well in- 
formed, amounts to thirty-five pieces, of which nine 
are eighteen pounders. 

'* The 24th regiment was, on the 10th instant, at jj 
Lexington, (Kentucky) on their way to Cleveland. 
You will give it any other point of rendezvous you 
may think proper, and adopt such means to assemble 
the other parts of your division as will be most ad- 
visable. On this head, I would but suggest that the 
arrangement which shall best mask your real design 
and most impress the enemy with a belief that your 
march to Maiden will be by land, will be the best. 

" Clothing for the 26th, 27th and 28th regiments 
has been forwarded from Philadelphia. 

" The last accounts of the boats preparing by 
major Jesup were favorable. That officer will ne- 
cessarily report to you and take your orders." 




Proctedings of Congress. 


Monday, March\—Mv. Bibb, of Geo. submitted 
the following resolutions . 

Rcsolwd, That the Preside f the United States be requested 
to cause to be laid before the ^ n ate such information as he may 
possess, calculated to shew what has been the practice of Great 
Britain concerning her native sub KCts naturalized in other coun- 
tries and taken in arms against her; ^ so w h a t is the general prac- 
tice of the nations of Europe relative * the naturalization or em- 
ployment in war of the native subjects o: each other. 

Resolved, That the President ot the Unnwd States be requested 
to cause to be laid before the Senate such intimation as he may 
possess, calculated to shew under what circumstances, and on 
what grounds, Great Britain has been in the practice of refusing 
to discbarge native citizens of the United States, impressed into 
her service. 

Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested 
to cause to be laid before the Senate, such information as he may 
possess, calculated to shew what has been the conduct of Great 
Britain relative to American seamen on board her ships of war, at 
and since the commencement of war with the United States. 

Wednesday, March 9. — The resolutions submitted 
by Mr. Bibb, of Geo. on Monday, were this day cal- 
led up, and after being amended by the addition of 
the following resolution, on motion of Mr. King, 
were adopted : 

Resolved, That the president of the United States be requested 
to cause to be laid before the senate such information as he may 
possess of the cases with their ciicumstances, in which any civi- 
lized nation has punished its native subjects taken in arms against 
her, and for which punishment retaliation has been inflicted by 
the nation in whose service, tliey were taken. 

The following resolutions were submitted by Mr. 
Gore on the 28th ultimo. 

The president of the United States having by the constitution 
" power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess 
of the senate, by grantiug commissions which shall expire at the 
end of the next session. 

Resolved, That in the opinion of the senate no such vacancy 
can happen in any office not before full. 

Resolved, That in the opinion of the senate the office of en^oy 
extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary, to negociate and sign 
a treaty of peace with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, had not been filled at any time after the declaration of war 
upon the eighteenth day of June, A. D. 1812, and before the late 
recess of the senate upon the third day of March last, when the 
-same was not full. 

Resolved, That the granting of commissions to Albert Gallatin. 
John Q. Adams, and James A. Bayard, to be envoys extraordinary 
and ministers plenipotentiary to negociate a treaty of peace with 
the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland," during the late 
recess of the senate, as in the president's message to the senate of 
the 29th day of May last, is stated to have been done, wa -. not, in 
the opinion of the seriate, authorised by the constitution, inns 
much as a vacancy in that office did not happen during such recess 
of the senate, and as the senate hail not advised and consented to 
their appointment: whereupon 

Resolved, That while the senate venerate the authority and dig- 
nity of the office of president of the United States, and will, at all 
times, as a high and essential power in the constitution, exert 
themselves to maintain and preserve undiminished the whole exe- 
cutive authority thereby established, they owe it to the trust con- 
fided to themselves as well as to the states, their constituents, to 
protect the power over appointments to office, which the constittir 
tion has placed in that body. From these Considerations, joined 
to the conviction that the rights of the senate have been infringed 
by an important act, to the validity of which the advice and con- 
sent of the senate were essential, the senate find themselves called 
upon by their duty to the states, and in support of the constitution, 
reluctantly to protest, and they do hereby solemnly protest agaiaist 
the commissioning as aforesaid, of Albert Gallatin, John Q. Adams, 
and James A. Bayard, as an act not authorised by the constitution, 
and in the performance of which the power of the senate has been 


Thursday, March 3. — The usual minor matters 
being disposed of, the consideration of the loan bill 
was resumed. Mr. Nelson spoke in favor of the bill, 
and Mr. Grosvenor against it. The latter Caused 
much irritation and was called to order by the 
speaker for his personalities, for which he made 
the required explanation. Several motions were 
made, but the house determined to have the pre- 
vious question put — ayes 8l. 

The previous question was then put in the fol- 
lowing form, viz. "shall the main question how be 
put?" and decided in the affirmative by the fol- 
lowing vote:— For the previous question <&— Against 
it 53. 

ly, Harris, Hasbourck, ilawes, Jiungeiioru. utgersol, Ing" 
Irwin, Irving, Jackson of Va. Johnson of Va. Kenned)' 
of Md. Kerr, Kershaw, Killxturn, King of N. C. Lefferl>» 
des, Lysle, Macon, M'Coy, M'Kec, M'Kim, M'Lean, Monf 

The main question on the passage of the bill was 
decided by the following votes : 

YEAS— Messrs Alexander, Alston, Archer, Avery, Bard, Bar, 
net, Beat!, BoWetl, Bradley, Brown, Burwell, Butler, Caldwell 
Calhoun, Chappell, Clark, Coimtock, Conanl, Crawford, Cieigh' 
ton, Crouch,jCuthbfrt, Davis of Pa. Denoyelles, Pesha, Duval?' 
Earle, Eppes, Evans, Farrow, Findloy, Fisk en Vt. Fisk of V 
Y. Forney, Forsythe, Franklin, Goodwyn, Gourdjn, Griffin* 
Grundy, Harris, Hasbourck, Hawes, Hungerfonl, Ingersol, Ing" 
ham, Irv ' 

gomcry, Moore, Murfree, Nelson, Newton, Ormsbv, Parker, Pie 
kens, Piper, Pleasants, Rhea of Penn, Rhea of lVnn. Rich. 
Ringgold, Roan, Robertson, Sage, Seybert, Skinner, Smith of 
Penn. Smith of Va. Tannehill, Taylor, Telfair, Tnmp, Uciret , 
Ward of N. J. Whitehill, Williams, Wilson of Penn, Wood, 
Wright, Yancey— 97. 

NAYS— Messrs. Bailies of Mass. Bayly of Va. Bigelow, Boy J, 
Bradbury, Breckenridge, Brigham, Caperton, Champion, Oiilry, 
Culpepper, Davenport, Davis of Mass. Dewey, Ely, Gaston, G*8r 
des, Goldsborougb, Grosvenor, Hale, Hopkins ol N. Y. Jackson 
of R. I. Kent of N. Y. King of Mass. Law, Lewis, Lowtt, Miller. 
Moffit, Mosely, Markel, Oakley, Pearson, Bickering, Pitkin, Post, 
Potter, John Reed, Win. Reed, Ruggles, Sheffey, Sherwood, 
Shipherd, Smith of N. Y. Stanford, Sturges, Taggart, Tallraadge, 
Vose, Ward of Mass. Wheaton, White, Wilcox, Wilson of Mass. 
Winter— 55. 

So the bill was passed and sent to the senate for 

And the house adjourned at sun set. 

Friday, March 4. — On motion of Mr: feppes, the 
bill making appropriations to support the military 
establishment of the United States for the year 1814, 
passed through a committee of the whole, Mr. 
Macon of N. C. in the chair, the blanks therein 
being filled with the following sums 

For the pay of die army and militia 
Forage to officers 

Camp and field equipage 

8 ,505,360 












be < 

Medical and Hospital department 
Bounties and premiums 

Quarter-master's department 
Ordnance stores, &c &c* 
Indian department 

Thus amended, the bill was ordered to 
grossed for a third reading. 

On motion of Mr. Eppes, the bill to support tftc 
navy of the United States for the year 1814, then 
passed through a committee of the whole, Mr. Ma- 
con in the chair, and the blanks therein were hi led 
with tiie following sums : 

For the pay and subsistence of the officers 

and pay' of the seamen 2,570/i !l 

Provisions 1,439,902 5^ 

Medicines, &c. 120,000 

Repairs of vessels 1.500,000 

Ordnance, &c. 300,000 

Contingent expenses *00,000 

Navy Yards, &c. 100.000 

Pay, &c. of Marine corps' 21S.279 5&i 

Clothing for same 77,188 10 

Military stores for same 27,608 7J 

Contingent expenses of ditto 46,000 

The bill having been thus amended was ordered 
to be engrossed for a third reading. 

A report from a joint committee of the senate and 
house of rqiresentatives was concurred in, fixing 
the adjournment of congress on the 11th of April. 
The house, on motion of Mr. Lowndes, of S. O. 
resolved itself into a committee of the whole, Mr. 
Stanford of N. C. in the chair, on three several bills 
referred to said committee of the whole, viz. the 
bill from the senate authorising the building certain 
floating batteries; the bill from the senate giving a 
bounty for prisoners brought into port by private 
armed vessels; and the bill reported by the naval 
committee of this house, authorising tiie president 
to cause to be built or purchased a certain number 
of vessels to carry not less than 16 nor more than 
20 guns. 

No objection was made to either of the two first- 
of tl.tese bills— on the last mentioned it appeared in 


explanation, that of the vessels of war ordered to, more floating batteries for the defend of the ports 
be buat, two of the sloops were ready for sea ; three 
nearly ready and the other in forwardness ; and that 
tin.' large vessels \\ viv considerably progressed in. 
On the sug^stiun of Mr. MKim, it was agreetl to 

alter the bill so as to include vessels from eight to 
■ guns, as might be thought best fitted tor the 
service. The bills were ordered to a third reading 
without opposition. 

On the question of pa$«ring the bill authorising 
the building of one. or more floating batteries to a 
third reading, some debate arose. 

Mr. Tost, of X. Y. did not see why the experi- 
ment need he tested on so large a sca'le as by the 
appropriation of 8500,090, Mr. M'Rim commended 
ine plan, and Mr. Smith, of X. Y. who hud inspected 
die model of the floating battery very paiviouiai-ly, 
rose, as he said, with reluctance, to oppose his opi- 
nion to that which appeared to be entertained by 
those gentlemen (federalists) with whom he gene- 
rally acted. He said that the perfect efficiency of 
this model had been proved to him. If necessary to 
the defence of our waters, as he believed it to "be, 
the expense ought to be no Objection^ his only oh- 
j action to the present appropriation was, that it was 
r.ot double as much. 

He spoke ol'the opinion of commodore Uain'oridge, 
with whom he conversed when at ttoston lust sum- 
mer, of the complete protection such a floating bat- 
tery Would aiTprd to the harbor of Boston. The plan 
which this bill proposed to carry into effect, was, 
he said, perhaps the most perfect thing of. the kind 
ever proposed to any government; the men would be 
perfectly protected, and the steam engine by which 
it would be impelled would be entirely out "of reach 
of the enemy. If set on fire by red-hot shot, the fire 
could be instantly extinguished by water from the 
engine; and that the same engine would keep board- 
t rs at a distance by the facility with which hot water 
could be ejected on them in almost any quantity, 
Sec. 8tc. 

Mr. Lowndes said indeed it was an experiment, 
but so was every useful invention when first put into 
tise. The true question was, is it an experiment 
which there is reason to believe may be beneficial to 
the country? He believed, it was, from the evidence 
> 'deli appeared in its favor. It was moreover strong- 
- recommended by the secretary of the navy, in a 
letter which he desired should not be made public, 
that the measure now proposed should be adopted. 
The bill therefore had the sanction not only of seve- 
ral of the most distinguished naval officers, of the 
naval committee of this house, but also of the exe- 
cutive authority. 

Tile question on ordering the bill to a third read- 
ing was determined by yeas and luiys :— For the bill 
'12 — against it 44. 

So the bill was ordered to be read a third time. 

Saturday, March 5.— The engrossed bill to au- 
thorise the president to cause to be built or pur- 
chased such vessels as are therein described, (not 
more than twenty vessels, carrying not less than 
<i n r ht, nor more than tweaty-two guns) was read a 
tturd time and passed. 

Af*er some debate on the bill from the senate al- 
lowing one hundred dollars bounty for each prisoner 
of war, brought into port :md delivered to the pro- 
per officers, by our letters of marque and privateers, 
it was pa>,ed— ayep 83; nays $5. It appeared by the 
remarks of the g. -nth-men that the balance for ex- 
wu about 20DQ against us; occasioned 
chiefly ty the vile conduct of the enemy in making 
"■ they had impressed. 

d harbors of the United States, vas a third time 
read and passed. [These batteriefU^ to be built on 
Fulton's plan, see vol. 5, page C^ 5 -') 

The engrossed bill making appropriations. for the 
support of the navy of the Uoted States was read a 
third time and passed wi'^out debate by the fol- 
lowing vote. 

YE \8— -Messrs. Alexander Archer, Avery. Bard, Burnet, Bay- 
ly, BeSt, Higelow, Bra.llen Brown. Burwell, Caperton, Cald- 
well, Calhoun, Chappell 01«rfc, Ccrtnstook, Canard, Cooper, Cox , 
Crawford, ereightoii. Crouch^ Culpepptr, fcfcuhb. it. Davis, Be- 
uoyejles, Desha; puvall, Earle, Eppes, Farrow, Fiudley, Fisk of 
ft. Fisk of N. *l Forney, ForsyUu, Franklin, Gedd. -s," Goldsbo- 
rongh, Coortwyn, Gout-din, Griffin, Grundy, Hall, Harris, Has- 
brotik, Hawes, Hopkins of N. Y. liuiigcvford, lng'-rsoll, lngr 
ham, Irwin. Irving, Jaekson, Johnson of Va. Kennulv, Kent of 
M.I. Kerr, Kershaw, King of Mass. King of N. C. Frii'eiU, Lgm'- 
is,, Lowndes, Lyle, Macon, M Coy, M'Kim, MI.ean, Mil- 
ler, Mofflft, Montgomery. Moore, Moseley, Mtivfree, Ma rkelJ, Nel- 
son, Newton, Parker. Pearson, Pickens, Piper. Pleasants, Post, 
J. Read, W. Read, Khea, of Penn, Rhea of Tenn, Bich, R#g.. 
ley, Ringgold, Roan, Robertson, Rugghs, Sage, Sevier, Seyhert, 
Skinner, Smith of Va. Stanford, Stuart. Sturges, Taniuhill, 
Taylor, Telfair, '1 roup, Vose, Ward of Mass. Ward of N. J. 
White, WhitohiM, Wilcox, Williams, Wilson, Waiter, Wood 
Wright, Yancey — 121. 

NAYS— Messrs. Boyd. Brigham, Champion, Ely, Hufty, Kent 
of N. V. Potter, Tliorupson, Wheaton— 9. 

The engrossed bill making appropriations for the 
support of the military establishment for the year 
1314, was read a third time. 

Mr. Ward of Ms. was opposed to the bill and Mr. 
Macon spoke at length in support of it — at a late 
hour it passed. — Ayes 82 ; nays 38. 

•Monday, Jllarch 7- — Many private petitions were 
presented and referred; and several reports on sink 
petitions made. 

Mr. lngersoll, from the committee on the judi- 
ciary, reported a bill prescribing the mode of com- 
mencing, prosecuting and deciding con trovers \m 
between two or more slates, whieh was twice read 
and committed, 

1 he annual appropriation bill for the support pf 
government, passed through a committee of the 
whole, Mr. Stanford of N. C. in the chair, and tire; 
blanks having been filled with the various appro- 
priations for the civil list, &c. was reported to the 
house. The question on one of the items of appro- 
priation was, on motion of Mr. Bigelow, taken by 
yeas and nays, viz. on the appropriation of 50,000 
dollars for the contingent expences of foreign inter- 
course. On concurrence with the committee of the 
whole on this article of the bill, the votes stood, 
For concurrence 69 — Against it 52. — The other ap- 
propriations were permitted to pass without oppo- 
sition; and the bill was ordered to be engrossed for 
a third reading. 

Tuesday, JUavch 8.— .Mr. Grundy from the com- 
mittee of foreign relations, to whom was referred so 
much of the president's message at the commence- 
ment of the session, as relates to these matters, re- 
ported the following bill: 
A BUI authorising the use of the ports and harbors of ihe United 

State? by foreign vessels of rear. 

Beit enacted, &e, That the President of the United States may 
allow to any foreign power or powers, or their subjects, as the 
case may lie, in amity with the United States, to fit out, arm, and 
equip for war, public and private ships, to dispose of their pri- 
zes, and procure supplies in the ports and harbors of the United 
•States, so far as will be consistent with the obligations of the 
United States toother powers in amity with the United States.— 
Provided however, that no privilege allowed in any such case, 
shall he continued alter it shall he known that a like privilege is 
not allowed to Anirrican armed ships, public and private, in tlie 
ports and markets' of the foreign power, to which, or the subjects 
of which, the privilege aforesaid may be allowed in the American 
ports and harbors. 

Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the President of the United I 
Sums he, and he is heivbj authorised, to take adequate bonds w-;t}k 
sufficient sun ties, of the owners of such privateers, and to adopt 
such other regulations to secure the due performance of the fore- 
going provision,' whenever, in his judgment circumstances may 


'1 lie bill fi am the senate to authorise the president! The bill was twice read ond referred to aselect 
v M IH to D2 wait, equipped and employed one or J committee of the whole. 



Mr. tiigeisdll reported a bill respecting- thepo^t-of- 

iice establishment — it has four sections. 1 — Pro- 
vides the post-masters of the distributing post-ollices, 
and in all the incorporated cities Of the U. States, 
shall be appointed by the president with the advice 
pf t!ie senate. 2-c-That the post-musters shall 
return (Juarter-yearly, to the post-master-general, 
a general account of receipts and expenditures, 
shewing the number of clerks emploj'ed, with the 
amount of their compensation, which shall bt re- 
turned quarter-yearly by the post-master-general to 
the secretary or the treasury. 3 — That no contin- 
gent fund shall be left at the disposal of the posf- 
master-general — but his accoun's to be settled quar- 
. ter-yearly at the treasury department. 4 — Abolishes 
the privilege of franking- to post-masters • but in- 
stead thereof they shall be allowed to defray out of 
the public funds in their hands, all letters they may 
send on the business of the post-office establishment. 
The bill was twice read and committed. 

Yazoo claims. — The bill from the senate for com- 
pensating certain claimants to lands in the Missis- 
sippi territory, was taken up, and, having been once 
read, the question was stated, shall the bill be read 
a second time ? 

A motion was made to by the same on the table, 
but, at the earnest suggestion of Mr. Fisk of VUan'd 
Mr. Lattimore of Mississippi, was withdrawn. 

Mr. Troup, in this early stage of the business, 
made a motion to reject the bill, and supported it in 
a very able speech. Air. Wright wished the bill to 
take the regular course, and opposed Air. T. in a 
speech of some length. Air. Lattimore, (delegate 
from the Mis. Ter.) spoke in favor of the pitssage of 
the bill, to quiet the possessions of many people he 
represented. Air. Fisk of Vt. was against the rejec- 
tion. He wished it to be clearly decided. Mr. in- 
gersol, unprepared to decide on the question, wish- 
ed the bill to lie on the table-^disagreecl to ; ayes 60, 
nays 81. Air. Grosvenor hoped the bill Would take 
the usual course, without saying whether he was for 
or against it. Air. Fisk, of N. Y. made the same 
avowal, fie thought the proceeding would not be 
respectful to the other branch of the legislature — 
The house adjourned without a decision. 

Wednesday, March 9. — The house resumed the 
consideration of the unfinished business of yester- 
day — the Yazoo claims. After some remarks from 
Alessrs. Oakley, Troup, Pitkin and Alurfree, the 
question to reject the bill was put and lost, as fol- 
low s : 

YEAS.— Messrs. Alexander, Alston, Bard, Ba;-'ip«, Beall, Bow- 
en, Brown, Burweli, Caldwell, Calhoun, Conanl, iawfoi'cl, Cuth- 
bert, Davis of* Penn. Denovelles, Desha, Earle,Eppes, Evans. Far- 
row, Forsythe, Franklin, Ghotson. Geodwyn, Gourdin, Griffin, 
Grundy, Hall, Hawes, Hungvvfbrd, Ingcrsoll, Ingham, Johnson 
of Vir. Kennedy, Kerr, Leff'erts, Lyle, Macon, M'Coy, M'Kini, 
M'Lean, Moore, Nelson, Newton, Ormsby, Piper, Pleasants, Rea 
of Penn. Roan, Smith of Penn, Stanford, Tinmehill, Telfair, Troup, 
Udree, Whitehill— 56. 

NAYS— Messrs. Baylies of Mass. Bayly of Va. Ih'gelow, Boyd, 
Bradbury, Bradley, Ureckenridge, Brigham, Caperton, Champion, 
Cilley, Clark, Comstoek, Cooper, Cox, Qreighton, Culpepper, Da- 
venport, Davis of Mass. Dewey, Ely, Findlev, Fisk of Vt. Fisk of 
N. Y. Forney, Gaston, Geddes, Grosvenor, Hale, Harris, Hutty, 
Irving. Jackson of R. I. Jaekshii of Virg. Kent of N. Y. Kent of 
Md. Kilbourn, King of Mass. King. of N. C. Law, Lewis, Lovett, 
Lowndes, M'Kee, Miller, Motfitt, Montgomery, Mosely, Murfree, 
Marlcell, Oaklev, Parker, Pickering, Pickins, Pitkin, Post, Pot- 
ter, John Reed, Wm. Reed, Rich, Richardson, Ridgely, Robert- 
Son, Ruggles, Seyherr, Sherwood; Shipliei'd, Skinner, Smith of 
N. H. Smith ol'N.Y. Smith of Va. Stockton, Stuart, Sturges, Tag- 
j?ii*t, Tallmadge, Taylor. Thompson. Vose, Ward of Mass. Ward 
»t N. J. Webster, Wheaton, White, Wilcox, Williams, Wilson of 
Mass. Wilson of Penn. Winter, Wood, Wright, Yancey— 92. 
The bill was then read a second time by its title. 
It was then moved and carried that the bill be re- 
ferred to a select committee ; and finally, with the 
following instructions ; ayes 75, nays 63. 
Resolved, That the committee to which was referred the bill 
Irom the senate, entitled "an act for the indemnification of certain 
Claimants to lands iu the Mississippi territory," be instructed to re- 

port the evidence of the authority vested in the agents now alt. -i til- 
ing to compromise the claims Bet up by the respective claimant! ; 

the present claimants thrive title, and the amount of money with- 
drawn by any of the original grantees or persons chiming under 
them or their agent or agents from the treasury of Georgia. 

[From the vote to reject the bill on its verv intro- 
duction, There is little probability- that it 'will be 
passed. J , ^ 

British Veracity. 


Having lately seen in the British Naval Chronicle 
for May last, a publication signed Thomas Cooke 
Jones, surgeon of H. B. M. late ship Java ; ill winch 
accusations of ill treatment towards the British 
wounded prisoners, while on board the U. S. frigate 
j Constitution, under the command of commodore 
| Bainbridg-e, are brought forward i I conceive it niv 
duty, least silence should be construed in an acknow- 
ledgement of its correctness, to expose some of the 
j falsehoods composing that statement. 
j After introducing himself with considerable ego- 
itism, and much parade of professional skill, he 
makes the following observations. 

'•'Their (the British woundeJ) removal to the 
Constitution, the deprivations they there experienced 
as to food, and the repeated disturbances they suf* 
fered by being carried below, and kept there for se« 
veral hours three different times on the report of an 
enemy heaving in sight : when these, I say, are con- 
sidered, and the results contrasted with those of tin- 
American wounded, four of whom who lost their 
limbs, died when I was on board, were laid in cots, 
placed in the most healthy part of the ship, provided 
with every little luxury from competent and at- 
tentive nurses, and not allowed to be removed when 
ours were thrust into the hold with the other prison- 
ers, the hatches at once shutting out light and frcsli 
air, and this too in the latitude of St. Salvador, the 
recoveryof our seamen appears as miraculous as it 
has already proved happy ; and truly evinced both 
resignation and courage, in patiently submitting 
without a complaint to the cruelties of their situa- 
tion, and firmly contending with every obstacle 
which chance or oppression could present or inflict 

" The Americans seemed very desirous not to al- 
low any of our officers to witness the nature of their 
wounded, or compute their number. I ordered one 
of my assistants, Mr. Capponi, to attend, when their 
assistant went round, and he enumerated 46 who 
were unable to stir from their cots, independent of 
those who had received what they called " slight 
hurts?* Commodore Bainbridge was severely wound- 
ed in the right thigv, and four of their amputations 
perished under my own inspection. 

*• I have noticed these facts that your readers may 
be convinced of the falsity of their official dispatch- 
es, and authorise their being- received with some 
degree of scepticism. 

" I sent my assistant, with most of the wounded 
men, in the evening, and remained myself in the Ja- 
va till within a few minutes of her being set on fire; 
one poor fellow only remained, who had received a 
musket ball, which entered the right orbit, and re- 
mained imbedded in the brain, he was in artfcuTq 
moviix, and [ begged the American lieutenant to let 
me stay with him undisturbed for a few minutes, as 
I expected his immediate dissolution. This Yankee 
son of humanity proposed assisting hira into eternity 
— I instantly dragged him into the boat, and he ex- 
pired alongside the Constitution." 



It is not true that there was auy distinction made 
between the British and American wounded. They 
were slung promiscuously together on the gun deck, 
and everything which humanity could dictate that 
the ship afforded, was provided for their comfort 
and convenience. The ship was cleared for action 
tut once during the time they were on board ; that 
was when the Hornet hove in sight, and as soon as her 
character could be ascertained, all the wounded, 
British and American, were brought on the gun- 
deck together. — C^pCaiti^Xa7^ie?v and Mr." Waldo, 
were the only wounded* persons not removed to the 
birth deck, on this occasion ; the former was left till 
the last moment from principles of delicacy as well 
as humanity. Every exertion was made to" land the 
prisoners at St. Salvador as soon as possible, that 
they might be "provided with every little luxury 
from competent and attentive nurses," that our men 
*>f course could not receive on board. 

It is equally false that we had 46 men wounded. 
"Slight hurts* and all others, included, tltere were 
trventtf-Jhe only. Why request his assistant to attend 
for the purpose of counting them, when Dr. .lones 
himself, or any other officer on board, could have 
enumerated them if he chose, an hundred times 
a day ? 

The doctor says, four of our amputations perished 
under his own inspection. We had but five ampu- 
tations altogether; four of them are now receiving- 
pensions from their country, and may be seen al- 
most any day about the navy yard in £harlestown; 
and the fifth died of a malignant fever, north of the 
equator, one month after the fiction. It is a fact, sus 
ceptible of the clearest and most positive proofs, that 
not one of our men died during the time the doctor 
was on board the Constitution, nor, until some time 
after we left St. Salvador ! 

"This yankee son of humanity proposed assisting 
him into eternity, &c." No man who knows lieute- 
nant Hoffman, will hesitate ta pronounce Dr. J. an 
infamous calumniator. He (It. H.) is as remarkable 
for goodness of heart, for humane and tender feel 
ings, for gentlemanly and correct conduct, as Dr. J. 
now is for his capacity to assert base and unquali- 
fied falsehoods. Lieutenant (then midshipman) Ger- 
man,* who was present when this man was removed 
from the Java, and whose word no one will question, 
asserts, that no such observation was made ; on the 
contrary, that he (Mr. G.) by the orders of lieut. H. 
repeatedly solicited Dr. J. to visit the man then spo- 
ken of, and endeavor if possible to relieve him ; but 
that he neglected ever to see him until they were 
ready to leave the ship, when he was removed into 
the boat at the doctor's request. If the doctor's 
charge had been founded in truth, would he not 
have reported Mr. II, immediately on his arrival at 
the Constitution ? The ward room officers of the 
Constitution will recollect to have heard Dr. Jones 
frequently spoken of during the cruise, as an inhu- 
man monster for his conduct to this same unfortu- 
nate sailor. 

I leave the punishment due his presumption for 
calling in question the "official dispatcher* (after 
having fabricated himself such a tissue of assertions, 
without even a coloring of truth,) to the first officer 
bf ; the Constitution who may have the good fortune 
of an opportunity to take him by the nose. 

When the officers of the Java left the Constitution 
fct St. Salvador, they expressed the warmest grati- 
tude for the humane and generous treatment they 
had experienced ; nor, was this contemptible hypo- 
crite sparing of his acknowledgments on that occa- 
sion. After having suffered every tiling from the 

officers of the Constitution that "oppression coulft 
inflict," why come forward then and offer thanks for 
kind and handsome treatment ? (See letters of 
general Hislop and others.) 

To complete the climax of false assertions relative 
to that action, one of the Lieutenants of the Java, in a 
letter to the Editor of the Naval Chronicle for June, 
asserts, that I am " an Irishman by birth, and -was late- 
ly an assistant surgeon in the British nary ! The 
truth is, I was born in the state of Maryland, and have 
never been on the ocean except in the service of my 
country. I pledge myself to substantiate by the most. 
respectable testimony, should it be necessary, every 
thing that I have here stated. 

I challenge the BrRkli to produce a is&litary in- 
stance where they have given a faithful and candid 
relation of their actions with us,since the declaration 
of the present war. They have of late, established 
for themselves, a kind of national character, that I 
trust, none will envy them the possession of; they 
have proved,;that although they may not ahvays be a- 
ble to conquer in battle ; they can preyai irate,; lefume 
or mistake w$$h as much ease as anv nation on earth. 
Lat$ surgeon of the U. S. frigate Constitution 

/ .♦ Son of the Hon. Mr. German, of t])e U. S. Senate 


A medical boaiii) ft now sitting at the city of 
Washington, by order of the secretary of war, on Sa- 
turday last, under the presidency of the inspector- 
general, colonel Nicoll, and composed of the follow- 
ing members, viz. Dr. Tilton, physician and surgeon - 
general, Drs. Martin and Thomas, hospital surgeons, 
and Drs. Hays, Watkins, and Mercer, regimental 
surgeons. Dr. Watkins has been appointed to act. 
as recorder to the board. We understand (says the 
National Intelligencer) that the object of convening 
this board, is a complete organization of the medi- 
cal :*taff of tlie army ; that they will take into con- 
sideration all matters relating to that department, 
and devise such regulations as may tend to increase 
the respectability of the medical staff, ami promote- 
the good of the service. 

Smuggling. Goods to the value of ^10,G&0 were 
lately seized at Buxton, Maine — bound to Boston, 

A brig called a Portut 

but owned in Bosto) 

has been seized at Cockspur Roads, south of Savan- 
nah, by one of the U. S. barges. Goods to a consi- 
derable amount had been landed. The prize is va- 
lued at 20 or $3.0,000, and we are more pleased at 
the capture of this enemy in disguise, than of two 
honest Englishmen. No wonder that the "friends of 
commerce 11 cry out when Luch things happen so fre- 

" Head money." A Loudon paper of November 21, 
says — " The prince regent has agreed to the claims 
of the indian warriors, in regard to head money, fov 
prisoners of war brought in by them, with a view to 
restrain the Indians from murdering such Americans 
as may be taken by them in the war in Canada. The 
terms were proposed to government by a board, of 
which major-general Vincent, was president, which 
assembled at Kingston, on the 30th August. 

Indian council. Fifty or sixty indians, about 
twenty of whom were chiefs, of the Shuu-anoev., 
IVnandots, Senecas, Miamies, Pqtawatamies, Qttawus 
and Kickapoos tribes assembled in council at Dayton-, 
O. where they were to have been met by major-gene- 
ral Harrison, but indisposition prevented his atten- 
dance. Mr. Johnson, indian agent, proceeded to the 
ultimate object of the meeting— which was to settle 
a peace^ &*;* 





Ti :n\,\l. phisoxs. A little while sance we predicted 
the consequences of the conduct of Massachusetts 
in refusing the use of the jails in that state for the 
confinement of prisoners of war. In consequence 
of the late act, (see page 4,) the prisoners lately 
in [[mvich jail have been removed to fori Sewall'iu 

.fanrerAC. — From the National Intelligencer. — "Se- 
"rial very important decisions were announced on 
ihe opening' of the supreme court yesterday morning; 
amongst which was one, in the case of the brig Ju- 
lia and ship Aurora, American vessels detained by 
private armed vessels of the United States since the 
war, for being- found under British licence, which 
condemns all property protected by an enemy's li- 
cence during the war. In another case also (the pri- 
vateer Jefferson vs. the Rapid and cargo ) of a ves- 
sel sailing to the port of the enemy for the purpose 
of bringing away the property of American citizens, 
the sentence of condemnation of vessel and cargo 
was confirmed. The opinion of the court on these 
cases was, we believe, unanimous. 

The above decisious, which put the axe to the 
root of a very extensive fraudulent traffic with the 
enemy, cannot fail to be acceptable as well to the 
£ tir and honest merchant, as to all the frtends of the 
war thi-smghout the United States." 

Colonel J ohvso w,-— Fropi the same. — "The brave 
col. .Jonxsojy, who commanded the mounted regi- 
ment at the defeat of Proctor, and was then so se- 
verely wounded, arrived in this city yesterday, and 
took his seat as a representative from Kentucky. — 
Although he received several wounds in various parts 
of his body, it gives us great pleasure to state that 
his general health is perfectly re-established, and he 

e happy prospect of entirely recovering the 

has th 

use of Ids left arm and hand, which were much 


y*En>roxT xiLi-rrA. Gemeral order of governor 
Chittenden. "To Timothy F. Chipman, major-gene- 
ral of the third divison of the militia of Vermont,, 

" In consequence of the late attack of the* enemy 
on the frontiers of the state of New-York, the ex- 
posed situation of the frontier of this state, and par- 
ticularly the public property at this place, I h/ave 
thought proper to direct you to cause the division 
tmder your command, to be holden in readiness to 
mareh at the shortest notice to such point or place 
as they be directed, for the defence of this state, 
against any invasion which may be attempted by the 
enemies of our country. In case of an event so high- 
ly to be deprecated, it is expected that every man 
wdl cheerfully do his duty. 

■BurUngtoib, January 7th> 1814. 


p From the Georgia Journal. 

Extract of a letter f rem Colonel Benjamin Hawkins to AlajoT Ge- 
« P erai plnck ncy, dated, Camp near fort Mitchell, Feb. 16. 
A runner who is intelligent, and was sent by me to the chiefs 
, «9 W " * ms river, who are connected with the Seminolies, re- 
turned tins eveuing. He heard a talk from the governor of Pen- 
■petttto the Seminolies, delivered in his presence to the chiefs of 
the villages. The purport was— 

J***! '?''•!£ ai1 il ? noiant people, they should listen to their old 
cruets, ami aid them to crush the prophets, who had deceived them 
»y tneir lies, As they had misapplied the powder he gave them 
^anmu provisions for Uieir women and children, he should give 
,-" efn *"?, "we— they had deceived, divided, and ruined their na- 
iron. T lie British were not expected to possess the country border- 
ing on the tide waters of the Floridas, and if they should come, 

W T^k no * remail1 ,on & ast,,e United States would drive them 
on. 1 he Indians had once been deceived by them, and must take 
<are how they trusted them again. It was expected peace would 
oc made among the white p. ople every where this vear. and it 
rt£ i r,g ,br the Sem » n «'its to help their old chiefs to destroy 
'J2 1 i^ 'Jr 9 * Tne (,ece pt">n played or. Inm was through the fears 
« his officer Under him and second in command, who urged him 
m let the prophet's party come and take him by the hand, and to 
£«£ ^? S0l11e ami »anition to hunt for their women ar.d chil- 
wien, T^e chic&he saw were frk-nulv. 

If any credit be due to the professions of the governor of Pen- 
sacola, we may circulate from this talk to the Scininolie chief?, 
that no more ammunition will be obtained by the hostile Indian*' 
from him. Until further lights are shed on the suhject, it may 
remain doubtful whether his acquiesence in their demands pro- 
ceeded from fear of them or enmity to us. It is quite likely that 
our formidable force in the Creek nation may have intimidated 
the Spanish commandant more than the threats of the Indians, 
and that he finds it prudent to change. his tone to them, and to of- 
fer the best apology tie can to our government. 

The following statement handed us by an officer of the patriot 1- 
directly from their camp, and on his way to Washington City [fur 
the purpose, we presume, of supplicating assistance from the Ge- 
neral government,] contains, we believe, a correct view of their 
situation and prospects. 

" On the tenth of January the patriots left the St. Mary's river 
about seventy .strong; their numbers increased on their march to 
about ninety, and on the sixteenth of the same month, they ar- 
rived at the Aulotohewan I^lian settlement called Paine's town. 
On the eighteenth they commenced a blockhouse, twenty-five feet 
square, which they soon reared two stories high, and immediately 
proceeded to surveying the land. On the tenth of this month the 
force of the patriots had increased to one hundred and sixty men 
and by this time, I have no doubt they muster more than two hun- 
dred, as recruits were daily arriving. 

The Aulotohewan country exceeds any that I have seen. The 
cattle, of which there are large numbers in the range, and as fat 
as I ever saw killed in the woods. The land is equal in quality 
to any in America. Within seven miles of fort Mitchell is a large 
lake, about five miles over, and no doubt communicates with lake 
George or the river St. John's which is about twenty-two miles 
S. E. *f fort Mitchell. 

These waters bring an excellent navigation into the heart of 
the country. On the twenty-fifth of January a large water melon 
was found, which was quite round, and eat well. The wild vegeta- 
ble poke was growing in abundance at the height of twelve or 
fourteen inohes. The orange, tree grows spontaneously, and in 
now ornamented with its yellow fruits. The fort stands on a 
prairie, whidi is seven or eight miles wide and twenty-three long. 
This district of country is admirably suited to the culture of the 
sugar cane. 

The patriots are well supplied with ammunition and provision. 
They will raise a crop this season, and are determined to hold the 
countrv or lose their lives in defending it." 

A le«er, dated the 27th January, complaining of the conduct 
of the patriots, some of whom originally went from this state, has 
been received by governor Early from the governor of Augustine. 
The lettei intimates that unless effectual steps are taken to put 
a stop to their illegal proceedings, it may lead to disagreeable con- 
sequences. Our executive will doubtless disregard this empty 
threat, and leave the Spaniards and patriots to settle their differ- 
ences in their own way. 


A late Ohio paper sVys:-— " We learn that general 
Harrison hat received/instructions from the war de- 
partment, to return to the northern army, so soon as 
the council which he is now holding at Dayton, with 
the several Indian chiefs of the north-western tribes, 
for the purpose of restoring peace, shall be con- 

British f orcein the Niagara. 8th King's regiment 
500. 4 1 st, 300. 1st Royal Scot* 700. 1 light company 
80. Marine artillery 80. 1 company blacks 100. 1 do. 
artillery 80. 1 do. dragoons, 100. Jsdian force 1400. 
Waterville's legion of German troops were daily 
expected on the 2d February. 

The ice on lake Erie is still in a fluctuating state 
above point Ebino; below the point \t had closed on 
the 4th ult. 

We have a report from Detroit by way of Cleveland, 
which states that an attack upon that post was appre- 
hended. It says, it was ascertained that 2 or 300 Bri- 
tish and Indians where near the river French ; the 
whole force coming on supposed to be, in all, 1500. 
Lieutenant colonel Eaubee, the infamous leader of 
the savages lately murdering on the Niagara frontier, 
with a small party of the enemy, has arrived at Day- 
ton, on his way to Cincinjiatti, a prisoner. We learn 
also from Dayton, that the Indians in council, were 
understood to have acquiesced in the most perfeot 
manner with the wishes of government. It is also 
said that, lieutenants Fish and Larvvill, who were, 
sometime since taken bythe enemy on the De Trench, 
have made their escape and arrived at Detroit. 

PLATTSBURG, Feb. 26.— Military movements.— We under 

stand, that in conformity to orders from the war department, major 

eneral Brown and brigadier general Macomb marched from the 

reneh Mills, ih two columns, on the morning of the 13th inst. 

reneral Wilkinson remained on the ground, with the fear guard, 

combing of Forsythe's riflemen, and a detaefcnejit of dnfoons, 



■odrt Kmtenanl Wright, until one uYlock,'P. M. I li<' columns 
under Brown inel Macomb scp-.trat. d abAtlt twelve miles from the 
Mills, the htt> r purssiincr the route to Cbatea-gnay, ana! the forme* 
taking itr'Mnl to Sackett's Harbor. 11k general Judged that night 
with the n ur gnanl nine miles Iroiu tin Mills; Drown marched to 
Malnnr. si\ leagues, without lialr: and Macomb encamped about 
tbuitrtii and an half miles 1'roni the Mills— tlie snow being on an 
. two lo i ten inches et en, On the 1 4th, general Wilkinson 
pushed forward Macomb's column for tJiis place, and himself lay at 
Chateaoguay, with a detachment of 1200 men. under colonVl Bis- 
•el. ta protect bis rear from insult. On the morning of the l.'tli, 
oYKtmutnding the enemy had made na movement from the shoes 
'.i, the general left the command of the war column with 
colonel Hiss«ll, the first officer of his gradein the army, and. being 
much iudrtnosed by previous exposition and fatigue, came on to 
*hij place. The ne\t day brigadier general Macomb arrrived w ith 
hit ealumn, ami wat ordered to move, the succeeding morning, 
nith about IrOO men, into quarters at Burlington. On the 16th, 
eotnrjH Bissell marched imo town with his column, bringing up 
straggler, and took quarters here, which had been prepared 
for mm. 

On Saturday, the nineteenth, the enemy at Cornwall and the 
Coteau tie Lac, bearing {by lite agency of ilieir loyal subjects scat- 
tend over this country') that our troops had marched froth Clia- 
teatoguay on the fifteenth, and had arrived here, ventured to cross 
-Jie St. Lawrence, with a motley tribe of regulars, provincials 
iud a detachment of the devil's own— sedentary militia, and their 
irelhri-n. a band of savages. This martial body amused them. 
-»lv( s :>t French Mills until one o'clock, I'. M. and then marched 
villi ejght pieces of artillery, and two cart loads of eongreye 
rockets. At the fork of the road;, eleven miles from the mills, a 
v! tadnnent Was sent off toMalone, and the main body passed or. 
t .)_ Cbateangay, where it aimed about four o'clock in the morning , 
of the twentieth. Here, it is reported, a sceneot plunder began, 
which greatly distressed several of the inhabitants: and every par-) 
riele 01 betf, pork or fieur. with every drop of whiskey, which I 
CftUld be found, was seized on as public property, and carried 
iv. iv. By this gleaning, without discrimination between the in- 
dividual and the public, it is believed that the enemy carried off 
between one hundred and fifty and two hundred barrels of all sorts 
of provisions, good and bad, public and private*. 

OwhupQtbe precaution of the enemy, or the tlefection of the 
ptnpie io the quarter invaded, the intelligence of this invasion 
as not known here before twelve, o'clock e>n Monday the. twenty, 
-.rst; and it was then reported that the enemy, from two thousand 
■■> three thousand strong, with eijjht pieces of artillery and a body 
tan and Indians, had encamped thenight before a Chante, 
fhree miles east of Chaieauguay, on their way to this place. Ge- 
neraj Wilkinson instantlv mounted his horse, ordered the troops 
under anna, and at 5 ocleck three thousand men marched in two 
I'Ulumni to meet the foe, under colonels II- s v. 1 and l'urdy, with 
-even pieces of artillery. 1 he general folkmed half an hour af- 
ter, and at '> o'clock, P. M. had reached Robinson's (ten miles) 
with the head of the front column, when he was met by iidyie»>, that 
my had commenced their retreat from Chateangay at four 
'."clock the procedins; morning, and moved ofl' under such sensi- 
1 1 to induce them to cut down the bridges \\ Inch our troops 
Aadleft for their pajSOffO The detachment was of consequiMce 
1 manned to their quarti rv— the enemy being forty miles ahead of 
hem. uml the pursuit of course lain. About efeven o'clock on 
Monday '.he tw< nty-tirst. the front of the enemy was met about 
,: 1 from the mills, and their rear about eighteen miles. 
In this innocent enterprite, the poor inhabitants on the roads 
ks*e been pillaged of their ail. and the enemy have lost more than 
. Ired ntfular troop < by desertion; fifty have reached this 
1 it it repotted a larger number took the road by Malone 
\ Harbor. Thus, without firing a gun, the enemy {iave 
pained * \»*% and thus may they fare on all their plundering ex- Colonel Scott, of the 103d regiment, and lieutenant 
Mormon of ther/ih. it. if said commanded. If the virtue 
rpritroi a single individual, could have wafted tliointclli- 
thia place, on the day the enemy crossed the St. Law. 
: lie adventured as turai hctiid, very few of the de- 
..' ha\e cv. % got ba< U, unless by exchange. 


\eu\) foi'Cfl no^ in the Chesapeake under 

mrti, consists of two 74's, 2 frigates, 2 

ari^s ami h schooner. They have done very little bu- 

\ V v ! '• ,-;. paper says— "Capiainllnrby Allen, Of 

.': n . has made a rude attack ort r;ommo- 

1 ■/•<, in 4 British paper and concludes in 

., . ,i:;ui inner:— "Ami that. ' omfrfddore Rcfdg- 

tcnu) the humble name 

. !. • assured that the writer 

' I ' ■ ' rank to hhnscU' in a much 

ib'rp than the President nut would be. very 

*ea - rUu;ity of making- himself be{- 


• I ire hope 1 at capt Darby JWen may 

' ', ' uldiike to nee what -sort of 'a 

\ Da 

i : Kew York, after being 11 

cruise^ "-.■. , driven ashore on 

';;. J.) by a 74 and a i'rjgate, A- 

bout 40 of the crew made their escape with 9^\6,C0v 
in cash ; hot $0 of her company were taken. She 
had on board 43 prisoners who were re-taken. 
Eutr act of a letter from captain John If. JJeiit, to titti 
secretary of the navy, dated 
"CuAiti.i'svnN, (S. C.)Feb. 21, 1814. 

'"'The Alligator has been refitted and will sail hi 
the morning to cruize on the coast and inlets between 
Slono and tort Royal. The enemy continue on tire 
coast, but have not committed any depredations, or 
sent their boats iiij since the attack on the Alligator. 
One of their large cutlers engaged in that action 
has been picked up, on North Edisto, very much in- 
jured. I sent for her to be brought here. Also 
an officei- and one seaman have been found and buried, 
the former with his arm shot oft and a musket shot 
" The saucy President" — Extract of a letter dated 

Feb. 22, imide the I/ight, Sandy Hook, from an 

Officer of the Frigate President, to his friend in 


" Situations iri which we have been placed tills 
cruise, will, I think, add lustre to the weli establish- 
ed character oi Com. Badgers. 

" After passing the light, saw several sail,or.e large 
sail to the. windward— backed our maintbpsail and 
cleared ship for a.ction. The strange Sail came downt 
within gun shot hauled her wind on the larboard 
tack. We continued with our maintopsail to the 
mast three hours, and seeing no probability of the 74 
^un ship's bearing down to engage the President 
gave her a shot to windward and hoisted our colours 
— when she bore up for us reluctantly — when within 
half gun shot, backe'd W\s maintopsail. At this mo- 
ment all hands were called to muster aft; and the 
Commodore saidafew,but impressive words ; though, 
it was unnecessary — for what other stimulant coukl 
true Americans want/than* fighting gloriously in sight 
of their native shore,where hundreds were assembled 
to witness the engagement? Wore ship to engage., 
but at this moment the cutter being discovered ofl'* 
backed again to take in tlie pi.'ot ; and the British 
74, (strange as it must appear) making sail to the 
southward and e: stwaul ; orders were given to haul 
aboard the fore aval main tacks,to run in, there being 
then in sight from our deck, a frigate and a gun-brig i 

" The commander of the 74 had it in his power for 
5 hours to bring us at any moment, to an engage- 
ment ; our main-top-sail to the mast during that 

Mouk TitEAstfsr. — From the Boston Yankee. 

Mijafi Big-elo-u>, Jacob JJi^ehiv, and Mr. J. W. 
Jenkins, of the town of Havre, (Worcester County) 
were yesterday examined before the honorable judge? 
tDavis on a charge of traitorously giving aid and 
'comfort to the enemy, and assisting in the escape of 
certain British prisoners, lately confirmed in Worces- 
ter goal. The evidence was numerous— and as fol- 
lows : 

Mr. Under-wood testified, that seven British^pri- 
soners came to his house on the morning of the 13th 
January, and demanded breakfast, which he gav£ 
them, and received a five dollar bill in payment.-* 
The prisoners enquired "for the HtGELOWS, of 
Havre, for Marshal Bigelow and for Jacob Bigelow.'' 
Mr. Underwood stated that he had heard of Mr. 
IVmcf's proclamation after the prisoners breakfast- 
ed at his house — he went himself in pursuit of theffir 
on the road to Barre, and saw four of them taken at 
Bigelow's house. 

Mr. Oliver Brooks, deputy sheriff of Barre, testi- 
fied — That Mr. Adams asked him to serve a search- 
warrant on Jacob Bigelow — he refused to do it at 
I that late hour— At- 8 o'clock Mr. Brooks saW lie went 



ild bt 

To Bigclow's house, and risked Jacob Bigefo 
was probable the other three prisoners won 
tafcen~-Higelow replied, "that they were safe— and 
the other four might be released through my means." 
.Bigelow also said, "they were under an obligation 
no! to tell where they were — if it had not been for 

thed d guard that cime after them, they would 

have had them away sleek." He gave the deputy 

if it hi-; son, to be recognized in 2000 dollars? with two 
sureties in KJ00 each, to appear at the district court. 
to he holden in May next. 

The above mentioned Mr. Jenkins did not appear 

in court, having made his escape to Canada. 


From Bell's {London) Weekly Messenger. — Richard 

Welch stood indicted tor unlawfully, wilfully, and fe- 

shenff the watch word, "all's Witt" and went toiloniously aiding and assisting Gaspard Henry Van 
Hunt's house, where the four prisoners were that Tilborg, and others, then being alien enemies of his 
had been taken. Jacob Bigelow offered him glOO j majesty, and prisoners of war, on parole at Andover, 
each for every one of them he could get clear out ofj to escape from his majesty's dominions. Gaspard 
the house. Jenfcjns said he would guarantee the" 
money. He went into the house and found the guard, 
13 in number, and told them what Bigelow and Jen- 
kins had ofFered him to assist in their escape — that 
during die time he was in Hunt's house, Bigelow and 
Jenkins were waiting outside with sleighs to carry 
oiT the prisoners. 

Joseph Dale examined — He testified that Jacob 
Bigelow had acknowledged to him, that he had aid- 
ed and assisted the prisoners' escape from Worcester 
and that be had received a thousand dollars for it — 
.that he would do it again. Next morning he told 
him the same, when he arrested Jacob Bigelow, on 
the marshal's proclamation, and carried him to Wor- 
cester — that Mr. Hurd the gaoler refused to receive 
him, after which he was arrested himself by Bigelow. 
Archibald Fades, Esq. examined— testified that he 
was at the taking of the prisoners at 'squire Bige- 
low's house— that Jie heard Jacob Bigelow say at 
Hunt's tavern, 26th January, after Dale's affair, that 
he did aid and assist in the escape of the British 
prisoners, and received a thousand dollars and would 
do so again. 

Mr. Haughton, of Barre, examined — testified that 
.he was at Bigelow's house, 13th January at 8 o'clock 
in the evening, that he was requested to go there 
and look after the British prisoners. Jacob Bigelow 
said he would use all the gleans in his power to trans- 
port the British prisoners out of the United States— 
that Bigelow told him it was improper for him to be 
there- both of the Bigelows told him so. 

Doctor Walker examined — Testified that one of 
the prisoners, major Valelte, was brought into his 
house, and delivered to him a pair of pistols marked 
A. B. [which were here brought into court and 
identified.] He said he gave the pistols into the 
care of Mr. Level, of Worcester, one of the men 
that Carried the prisoners to Worcester gaol, that 

he knew Mr. Bigelow well — he had two sons who 

had resided in Canada, occasionally, for several 
. years back. 

Mr. llurdy the gaoler of Worcester, testified, that 
. Jacob Bigelow had been in the gaol with the prison- 
ers three weeks before their escape — and a second 

time, ten days before their escape — and a third time, 
.on the Monday preceding the Wednesday they 

effected their escape. 

The counsel for the prisoners, Mr. Francis Blake 

and Mr. Prescott, contended that, there was no ex- 
isting statute law that provided for the punishment 

of the offence described in the warrant. Much time 

was taken up by the counsel to convince the court 

that their positions were correct. They were ably 

replied to by the district attorney who contended 

that even if the crime committed by the prisoners 

was not described by any statute, yet nevertheless it 

would come under the description of a misdemeanor, 

and cited Cooledge's case of a forcible arrest of a 

vessel legally captured— and although the offence 

was not described in the statute, the court had 

decided it to be a misdemeanor. The judge, after 

an examination that took up the whole day, dis- 
charged- Abijah Bigeh^ and ordered Jacob Bigelow 

Henry Van Tdborg stated, that he is a native of Brus- 
sels ; that in the month of November last, he was a 
prisoner of war, on parole at Andover. On the 1st 
of October, about 7 in the evening, he left Andover, 
in company with seven other officers and on turning 
on a cross-road, they were met by two men, named 
Lodge and Culleford, who were furnished with two 
horses and sorm^provisions. They accompanied these 
men aboutsix miles, when, on the signal of a whistle, 
the prisoner came up with three other horses, where- 
upon wilness and the other fugitives, with Lodge snd 
CuWeford, mounted two on eych horse, and proceed- 
ed by cross-roads towards ltingwood, the prisoner 
at the bar attending on*foot as their guide. They ar- 
rived at Ringwood about five o'clock the next morn- 
ing, but not choosing to go into town, were conduct- 
ed to a neighbouring wood by Welsh and Lodge, 
where they remained until three o'clock, at which 
time Welsh and Lodge brought them bread, cheese, 
beer and rum ; and, having again left them returned 
abottt eight o'clock in the evening-, with Culleford 
and the horses : they then proceeded towards Christ 
Church, in the same manner as before, Welsh still at- 
tending on foot. They reached Christ Church about 
3 o'clock in the morning; when Culleford took aw^y 
the horses; Welsh and Lodge conducted them to the 
coast. Welsh then went to lock out for a boat, but 
not finding any, the officers again retreated to a wood 
hard by, where provisions were brought them by Cul- 
leford and Lodge. Afier remaining there until the 
12th of October, a boat was engaged and they em- 
barked for Cherbourg; but the wind proving con- 
trary, they were obliged to return, having been seve- 
ral hours at sea. The officers had given Lodge and 
Culiefbrd 32/.and bargained to give them 600 guineas 
more when they should reach the French coast. The 
truth of this statement was supported by a variety 
of other evidence. The jury reported a verdict of 
guilty— 'Fourteen years transportation. m 

Orders in Council. 

Every Englishman in the United States said that 
the orders in council were repealed. Great men in 
Congress had also declared the fact ; and we oui 
selves, from the effrontery of many, were led to be 
lieve that they had been s'uspe?ided, though we neve: 
thought they were" repealed, or that their principle 
was," in any manner, abandoned. The following a 
tides from late Jjvndon papers, place this matte i 
in a very clear light. On which the " Enquire:-"- 

observes, -"How is this ?*rWe had supposed, 

that the once famous Orders in Council bac 
become a dead letter in the British maritime 
code, in consequence of the repealing order ef 
1812. But we are surprised to find the lion is no<; 
dead, but only sleepeth— and may again pounce upon 
our trade, unless we stipulate against it in our treaty 
of peace. We see in the English papers in cur pc<s • 
session three Orders in Council from the Prince He- 
o-ent; one on the 30th November last, declaring that 
as the province of Last Friezland, the duchy of Bre- 
men, &c. were no longer under the dominion ei 



France, the blockade of that part of the coast of 
Ou ttMtny, which was instituted by the orders in 
council 'of the 26th of April, 1809, See. shall be dis- 
continued, with the exception of such ports only as 
may still be occupied by the troops o¥ the enemy. 
The Uoq otkersuve dated the 1 1th December, and the) 
respectively make similar provisions, as to the ports 
of the United Provinces, and as the coast between 
Trie9 e and the southern extremity of Dalmatia. 
Ffom th-: late London papers. 


Foreign o'hee, Nor. 27- — The Prince Regent has 
O&ftsed it to be notified to the ministers of friendly 
powers at this court, that in consequence of informa- 
tion which had been received that the provinces of 
Gasl Friezland, the State of Kniphausen. the duchy of 
Oldenburg 1 ; and the duchy of Bremen, were no longer 
under the dominion of France, his royal highness 
Was pleased, in the name and on the behalf of his 
majesty, to direct that the blockade of that part of 
the coast of Germany, comprehended within the 
above description (which was instituted in virtue of 
his majesty's orders in council of the 26th April, 
1309, and of the 17th if May, 1809; or of any other 
orders in council, instruction or notification,) should 
be discontinued; with the exception of such posts as 
may still be occupied by the troops of the enemy. 


Foreign oJJice> Dec. 11. — The prince regent has 
caused it to be notified to the ministers of friendly 
powers resident at this court, that, in consequence 
of the re-establishment of the ancient relations of 
peace and amity between H. M. and the United Pro- 
vinces of the Netherlands, he has been pleased to di- 
rect that the blockadeof all the ports and placesof the 
said United Provinces (except such ports or places 
as may be still in the possession or under the control 
of France) shall be forthwith raised, and that all 
ships and yessels belonging to the said United Pro- 
vinces shajl have free admission irtto the ports of his 
majesty's dominions, and shall be treated in the same 
manner as the ships of states in amity with his ma- 
jesty and be suffered to carry on any trade now law- 
fully carried on in neutral ships. 

His royal highness has also caused it to be notified 
io the same ministers, that, as it appears by the latest 
advices from the coast of the Adriatic, that the coast 
between Trieste and the southern extremity of Dal- 
matia, inclusively, is, for the most part, no longer 
•:nder the dominion of France, he has been pleased 
*o direct that the blockade of that extent of coast 
.should be discontinued, with the exception of such 
ports and places as may still be occupied by the 
"-oops of the enemy. 


The legislature of Massachusetts closed its winter 
Bessioa on the 29th ultimo. 


By a vessscl that has arrived at New York from 
France, with a very valuable cargo, we have Paris 
dates to about the 20th of Jan. The failure of the 
mail from JVew Yorh, yesterday, has prevented the 
details, (if any there are) from" reaching us in time 
for this number. Rut by a summary of the news, 
furnished by the supercargo of the vessel, it seems 
fiie state of art airs had not assumed any decisive 

The Fnuicji armies are thus noticed. The duke 
of Tarreftto, With 40,000 men, marching towards 
Holland. The dnke of Ragusa at Mayence with 
50,000. The prince of Eokmuhl, (cut on by the 
•Swedes) near Hamburg with 30,000. The duke of 
fcffnnasl StttfsbHWrwIttl 30..000. Count Eertraticl 

at Cassel, with 30,000. The duke of Valmy at 
Met a, with 10,000. General Rapp at Dantzic with 
15,000. Marshal Suchet at Barcelona with 35,000. 
Marsha* Soult, near Eayonne with 65,000, and dai- 
ly receiving reinforcements. The viceroy at Verona, 
with 50,000. The king of Naples, said to be march- 
ing With 30,000. It is also understood that the late 
conscription will soon be completed. Other bodies 
of troops at Luxemburg, Cologne, Antwerp, &c. If 
these statements be true, the military power of 
France j nearly as great as ever it was. 

The following matters are mentioned — the com- 
bined armies had violated the neutrality of the 
Swiss cantons, and entered their country with 
200,000 men, supposed to be destined for Italy. In 
a battle between the vice-roy and the Austrians on 
the Adige, the latter were beaten with loss. Soult 
and Wellington fought on the 12th and 13th of Dec. 
Neither appear "to have gained any thing but hard 
knocks." Two commissioners have left Paris to 
meet the congress at Manheim ? but a Paris article 
of Jan. 13, says— "After having themselves fixed 
the basis of peace, and after they had been accept- 
ed by the emperor, the allied powers have refused 
to sign them, a circumstance unparalelled in the 
history of nations." 

Another of the 31st December, informs us that 
deputations from the legislative body and the coun- 
cil of state, appointed to examine the documents re- 
lative to the proposals of the allied powers, had 
firmly represented and insisted that more liberal 
terms should be offered. This, perhaps, is a finesse 
of Napoleon, feeling himself getting strong again, 
to revoke his acceptance of the preliminaries — but 
then, it is also said that Ferdinand was about to leave 
Paris to re-assume the government of Spain. On 
the whole, we cannot form an opinion. The chief 
facts, as we have them, are stated. 

Wellington's army is much weakened by deser- 
tion. It was thought in London that he would not 
hold his position much longer. 

There has been a change in the French ministry 
which it is said, has delayed the expected arrange- 
ment of our own affairs. 


Copy of a letter from lieut. Creighton, commanding the 

United States brig Hattlesnake, to the secretary of 

the navy. 

U. S. Brig Rattlesnake, at sea, 21st Feb. 1814. 

Sin— Havitng this moment brought io an American 
privateer after a long and anxious chace of thirteen 
hours, I avail myself of the opportunity she affords 
of giving you the earliest information of the ves- 
sels under fny command. I have sent in two neu- 
trals which I trust you will approve o£ when I have 
time to make known to you particulars respecting 
them — the first, a brig, had on board a British offi- 
cer and nine men, which I now have in charge. Off 
Cape Francois on the 7th instant, I captured and 
destroyed an English brig with a cargo of coffee. 
We have been chased by a frigate and a line of 
battle ship, both of which the Rattlesnake avoided 
by ber superior sailing, and the Enterprize by her 
usual good fortune; in the first instance we separa- 
ted, but joined company again five days after. I pray 
you, sir, to pardon my not being more communica- 
tive, as the commander of the privateer is extremely 
anxious to inakesail in pursuit of a large convoy, in 
all one hundred sail, that left Havanna eight claya 
since — I hope to give account of them myself. 

I have the honor to be, with high consideration 
and respect, your obedient servant, 


The lion. Wm. Jones-, si-cretan of t)te navy. 



No. 3 op vol. VI.] 

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, Mabcii 19, 1814. 

[whole no. 133. 

Hxc otim memfoisse juvabit. — Virgil. 

Printed and published by H. Niles, South- st. next door to the Merchants' Coffee House* at f 5 per annum. 

The Supplement for vol. V. 

Has been put to press. The want of returns from 
a very great majority (say four-fifths) of the agents, 
rendered it impossible to ascertain the number of 
those who had subscribed for It; and the editor was 
compelled to commence it, (that it might be pub- 
lished in season), on calculation. The number print- 
ing is about 900 short of the regidar quantity of the 
Register. This is the simple truth of the matter. 
Those who want it, whose names have not yet reach- 
ed us, will see the necessity of a speedy application 


The editor receives many loud complaints of the 
detention of the Register. The National Intelligencer 
says much on this grievance; but the editors of that 
paper may receive consolation on being informed, 
that their paper frequently reaches its destination a 
week or ten days before ours, of the same date. It is 
useless to complain. The state of the roads is such 
to the south-ward and -westward, in the winter season, 
and the bulk and weight of the mails sometimes so 
great, that, I believe, the whole cannot be got on in 
due time. We recommend that homely virtue, 
patience, to our subscribers; and for ourselves desire, 
only "neighbor's fare.*' We do all we can to deserve it. 

Tt is pleasant, Jiowever, amid the general clamor 
against the mails, to bear this honorable testimony. 
A distinguished gentleman in the interior of Loiiisi- 
ttna, thus writes to me : 

"Accept, sir* the assurance of my most sincere 
thanks for your attention, for certainly by no ordi- 
nary care would my numbers have come every week 
for more than a year, a rbute of upwards of fifteen 
hundred miles, and not one missing. 

CC/'The tttle pages and index for the 5th vol. pat* 
iially accompanies this number. A very unpleasant 
incident prevented us from supplying the whole of 
our readei's with it ; but they shall be duly furnished 
next week. 

The Army and Navy. 

The 4th volume of the Wee klt Register was 
dedicated to the memory of Pike and Lawrence; 
and the 5th is, in like manner, offered as a tribute of 
respect for the services of Covington and Burrows. 

It is deeply to be regretted that the public feel- 
ing (nobly excited, indeed, by the gallantry of our 
tars) seems to have annihilated public justice, in 
the odious and unwarrantable distinctions drawn 
between the officers of the army and navy. It might 
nave been expected that in the congress of the^ 
United States, at least, as in the high chancery of 
honor, equal rewards would have been bestowed on 
all equally worthy. But it has not been s<t. While 
the most honorable (but richly deserved) testimo- 
nies of the approbation of their country, were libe- 
rally conferred on the officers of the navy for the 
splendid discharge of their duties, Pike, Covington 
and Smith, with many others, were suffered to de- 
scend to the tomb unregarded; and the deeds of 
several who had the good fortune to survive, Were 
passed over as of no account! Why was this* Havclp. 
Yd L-.Vf, 

men of generous minds been deceived by the in- 
trigues of the enemy, and craftily led into measures 
to disgrace the officers of the army, and increase the 
many difficulties they have to encounter (from the 
want of military knowledge and experience) by 
disheartening them, in shamefully neglecting or wil- 
fully refusing the well-earned praise? 

"What manner of a man" was Pike, Covington or 
Smith? Who were better men; who fell more glo- 
riously ? Who were better skilled in their duty, or 
more zealous to perform it? Was there any man of 
the army or navy of the United States, more import- 
ant to his country than Pike? He was throughout a 
soldier. Had we, a braver man than Covington? He 
was a favorite of Wayne; and had been tried on se- 
veral occasions. "He fell where he fought — at the 
head of his men." Who was move interesting than 
the youthful lieutenant Smith, of the artillery? — he 
was one of the most accomplished young men of his 
age— he had received the best military education his 
country afforded, and had profitted by it to the 
utmost. I have heard of astonishing instances of his 
skill; and, at Williamsburg, he served his cannon 
"with the same coolness as if he had been at a pa- 
rade of review." 

I rejoice, most heartily rejoice, at the fiaats of our 
navy, however immoral or irreligious it may be; and 
would confer on the heroes that performed them yet 
greater and more solid marks of respect than they 
have received — but I would treat the soldiers who 
deserve as -well of their country, in the same way* 
I would not be made a tool of to dep-ess (negatively 
in form, but absolutely in fact) the spirit of the 
army, and encourage an indifference that must lead 
to defeat and disgrace. These are among the rea- 
sons that induce me to give to each class of brave 
men the same, i>\it the highest mark of cespect in 
my power. 

Proceedings of Congress. 


Monday, March 14. — Several bilLs -vere deceived 
and passed to the second reading. 

The bill making appropriations for the support 
of the military establishment for the year 1814, was 
read the third time as amended by the senate, and 
passed* by yeas and nays as follows : 

For the &7/.— -Messrs. Anderson, Bibb* of Ky. Bibb, of Geo. Bled- 
soe, Brown, Chace, Conrlit, Froiqehtin, Gaillard, German, HowtlJ, 
Morrow, Boberts, Robinson, Smith, Stone, Tait, Taj lor, Turner, 
Varnum, Worthington— 22. 

Against the bill.— Messrs. Daggett, Dana, Gilman, Goldsborough. 
Goie, Horsey, Hunter, King, Lambert, Mason— 10. 

The bill making appropriations for the support of 
the navy for the year 1814, was read the third time, 
and passed by a unanimous vote. 

After spending some time on the consideration of 
the bill authorising a loan of twenty-five millions, 
the senate adjourned. 

Wednesday, March 16. — The senate then resumed 
the consideration of the loan bill. 


The following sketch of the Yazoo claims' bill, is 

extracted from the National intelligencer- — The bill 

provides that all claimants under the act of Georgia, 

^|ed in laTiuary^ 1795, Shall be avowed until fjfe 



first Monday in August next to deposit, in the office 
of secretary of state of the United States, a suffi- 
cient legal release and transfer to the United States 
Off then- claims to the land, and of their right to the 
monies subsequently withdrawn from the treasury of 
Georgia by the original grantees and their owners, 
and a power to sue for the recovery of such money. 
That the secretary of the treasury, the secretary of 
state and the attorney general of the United States, 
shall be a board, to meet in the city of Washington 
on the said 1st Monday in August, to determine on 
the sufficiency of the release so deposited, and on 
the merits of all conflicting claims to said land, of 
the meeting of which board three months public no- 
tice shall be previously given. That to the companies 
or persons respectively, whose claims shall be thus 
allowed, the president shall cause to be issued cer- 
tificates of stock, bearing no interest, payable out 
of the first proceeds of sales of public lands in the 
Mississippi territory, after the payment of the money 
due to Georgia and the expences of surveying the 
land shall have been satisfied — such stock not to ex- 
ceed in amount the following sums, in the whole to 
the persons designated below, viz. To the persons 
claiming in the name of or under the 

Upper Mississippi company 350,000 

Tennessee Company 600,000 

Georgia Mississippi Company 1,550,000 

Georgia Company 2,250,000 

Citizens' Rights 250,000 

Making an aggregate of five millions of dollars. 
The certificates thus issued are to be receivable in 
part payment for public lands sold after their date, 
in the proportion of ninety-five dollars in every hun- 
dred, the remaining five being paid in money. The 
balance of the purchase money paid into the treasury 
of Georgia, and remaining there, to be set over and 
paid by the said commissioners to the state of Geor 
gia in part payment of the sum due to her by the 
United States. Suits to be instituted against, all 
persons who luve fraudently withdrawn any part of 
the purchase money, in such manner as the board of 

consideration of the bill to establish a National 
Bank, and refer the same to a select committee, 
with instructions to report a bill to establish that 
bank with provisions for branches. — The motion was 
lost. In the course of the observations upon it, Mr. 
Kppes took occasion to say that he was opposed to 
such an establishment. 

Friday, March 11. — The house was busily engag- 
ed in transacting a variety of the minor business that 
occurs to engage the attention of Congress; but 
nothing was done that it appears necessary for us to 
notice, except the passing of a bill to aliow Mary 
Cheever a pension of f^VdO per annum. 

Satwday, March 12.— Several bills for local pur- 
poses or the relief of individuals, were passed; 

The house in committee of the whole, spent some 
time on the bill for the better organizing, pay and 
supply of the army. 

Monday, March 14.— Mr. Wo vl of T.Tass. from 
select committee on that subject, r 
granting pensions to the officers and 
ing on board the Revenue Cutters in 
— Twice read and committed. 

The engrossed bill supplementary to the a " 
the relief of the officers and soldiers who <■> 
the late campaign on the Wabash, was re 1 

time, passed and sent to the Senate. 

The bill for the better organizing, pay i 

supplying the army of the United States, ae .;. • 
ed by the House, was read a third time, passed a«»d 
returned to the Senate for concurrence in the amend- 

Mr. Gaston after some introductory remarks, sub- 
mitted the following resolutions : 

Resolved, That it is expedient to repeal the act 
laying an embargo on all ships and vessels in the 
ports and harbors of the United States. 

Resolved, That it is expedient to repeal so much 
as may be in force of the several provisions of an act 
entitled "An act to interdict commercial intercourse 
between the United States and Great Britain and 


»p<j r red a bill 
se men serv- 
Certain case?. 

commissioners shall think most effectual to compel | France and theii dependencies, and for other pur- 
them to refund the same. If the persons claiming! P oses " 
under the act or pretended act of the legislature of 

Georgia before recited, shall neglect or refuse to 
accept of the compromise hereby authorised, the 
United States are declared to be exonerated and 
discharged from such claims, which are forever 
barred; and no evidence of any such claim shall 
thereafter be admitted to be used in any court what- 
ever against any grant derived from the United 
States. This abstract embraces all the leading pro- 
visions of the bill. 

The following gentlemen compose the select com- 
mittee in the house of representatives to whom the 
bill was referred. Messrs. Oakley, of tt. Y. Troup, 
of Geo. Wright, of Md. Fjsk, of Vt. Robertson, of 
Lou. Clarke, of Ky. and Ingersoll, of Penn. 

Thursday, March 10.— Several private petitions 
were read and referred. 

Mr. Seybert stated that many persons in the Uni- 
ted States were in the habit of melting our copper 
coins, in consequence of the price that the material 
Was now selling at. He stated that for the years 
1810, llv 12 and 13, the value of th? cents and half 
cents coined at the mint, was equal to $33,090— 
ind concluded by offering the following resolution: 

"Resolved, That a committee be appointed to 
enquire into the expediency of altering the copper 
-oil i- of the United States. 

The motion was agreed to. 

The remainder of the day was chiefly occupied on 
a motion offered by Mr. Fisk, of N. Y. to discharge 
tife committee of ways and means from the further 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to 
bring in a bill or bills pursuant to the foregoing re- 
solution.. . 

The question was stated "will the house now pro- j 
ceed to consider these resolutions ?" And Mr. j 
Grundy, of Ten. having required the Yeas and Nays | 
thereon, the question wa$ decided as follows : 
For consideration 58 

Against it 86 

So the house refused now to consider the said re- 

Tuesday, March 15.— Mr Lowndes, of S. C. from 
the committee on naval affairs, reported a bill con-i 
cerning the pav of officers, seamen and marines ia 
the navy of the' United States. [This bill authorises! 
the president to fix the pay to be allowed to thejj 
petty officers, midshipmen and seamen, and that the 
president be authorised to make an addition riot] 

exceeding per cent, to the pay of those en-ij 

gaged in particularly hard and disadvantageous I 
service.] Twice read and committed. 

Mr. L. also made a report unfavorable to the pe-| 

titiatl of J. A. Cbevaille agent for MzdJieaumarchaisj 

Mr. Oakley, of N. Y. from the committee to whom,! 

was referred the bill from the senate for a compro-» 

miseof the Yazoo claims, delivered in a report fa-; 

vorable thereto. # | 

The report having been read, was, together with! 

the bill from the senate, referred to a committee of) 

the Whole, and ordered to be printed 

The report is as follows— 


The committee to Which was referred the hill from 
the senate, entitled "An act. providing for the in- 
demnification of certain claimants of public hinds 
in the Mississippi territory," 

That they have had the subject of the said hill 
Under their consideration, and are of opinion, that 
it is expedient for the government of the United 
States to enter into a compromise with the persons 
claiming lands in the Mississippi territory, under or 
by virtue of the act of the legislature of Georgia, of 
the 7th January 1795. The reasons for this opinion 
do not rest on the strict legality of the title of these 
claimants to the lands in question-— though the com- 
mittee cannot forbear remarking that that; title ap- 
pears to have all the sanction which can be derived 
from a solemn decision of the highest judicial ..tri- 
bunal known to our laws — they are grounded on con- 
siderations connected with the permanent interests 
of the United States, as they relate to the Missisip- 
pi territory; Avith the quiet and speedy settlement of 
that territory ; with the more easy extinguishment 
of the Indian title to the lands contained in it; with 
the security against all future Indian wars in that 
quarter, which the settlement of the territory must 
afford; with the extensive navigation connecting 
parts of the western states with the ocean, which 
must be opened when the population of the territory 
shall be adequate to such an object— and with the 
strength and safety which such a population must 
confer on the Louisiana frontier. 

It may in addition be remarked that there are 
equitable considerations connected, with' the present 
claims, which in the opinion of the committee 
strongly recommend them to the favor, of congress. 
Although the original act of the state of Georgia 
might have been procured by fraudulent and cor- 
rupt means, it satisfactorily appears t® the commit- 
tee, as far as their enquiries have been extended, 
that the present claimants, or those under whom 
they hold, were bona fide purchasers of the immedi- 
ate grantees of Georgia, without notice of any fraud 
or corruption in the original grant. The committee 
refer, on this head, to the papers annexed to this re- 
port, marked from A. to L. inclusive. 

As to the terms of the compromise which it may 
be expedient to make, the committee have consider- 
ed those contained in the bill from the senate are as 
effectual and practicable, and at the same time as 
eligible, as ought to be required under the circum 
stances of the case. They haVe accordingly direct 
ed their chairman to report the said bill without 

■ The committee have had under consideration the 
resolution adopted by the house on the 9th insL 
i As to the "authority vested in the agents, now at 
tending to compromise the claims set up by the res^- 
pective claimants," the committee have procured all 
the information within their reach. They have ex- 
amined various documents and papers, some of them 
yery votumnious, consisting of conveyances, powers 
of attorney, letters, &c. They have also received 
from the respective agents written representations, 
of the extent of their powers and authority, and of 
their readiness to accede to the terms of compro- 
mise contained in the bill from the Senate. These 
representations are annexed to this report. 

The committee did not consider it necessary to 
report to the t?ouse the various documents exhibited 
t'o them by the respective agents in, support of these 
representations. Such a procedure was supposed 
not to come necessarily within the purview of the 
resolution of the House, and would l»ve incumber- 
ed this report with amass of papers. The. Com- 
mitteeTfttt remark, generaUv. that life authority of 

the, agents appears to be very er.t endive, ajld that 
in the course oft heir enquiries on this head, they 
have discovered no reason to believe that any one of 
the claimants will refuse to accede to the proposed 

As to the "amount of nibiicy actually paid by bone 
fide third purchasers for grants oi tit les they may 
hold under the original grant,** the annexed papers 
afford all the inforjnation which the committee have 
found it "practicable" to obtain. These papers 
show. to a great extent the prices at which "bona 
fide third purchasers" contracted for the lands in. 
question — and which were paid in negotiable and 
endorsed notes and other securities. But the com- 
mittee impracticable to ascertain to any 
extent "the amount of money actually paid," with- 
out devoting to the enquiry more time and attention 
than any committee could, bestow on it, during any 
session of Congress ; as it would lead to an exami- 
nation of all the private transactions of the nume- 
rous individuals now interested in these claims, 
»v)iich might be connected with the purchases and 
sales' of , the lands in question, and with the notes and 
other securities, given in consequence of these pur- 
chases and sales. 

As to that part of the resolution which instructs 
the committee to enquire "from which of the ori- 
ginal companies the present claimants, derive title, 
and the amemnt of money withdrawn by any of the 
original grantees, or persons claiming 1 under them ov 
their agent or agents from the, treasury of Georgia/* 
the committee also refer to the annexed papers,. and 
to a document accompanying the report of the com= 
missioners -appointed in pursuance of an act ; <?f con- 
gress entitled "an act for the amicable settlement of 
limits with the state of Georgia, and authorising the 
establishment of a government in the Mississippi 
territory," which document is contained, in a volume, 
from page 147 to page 153, inclusive, printed by ofr- 
der of congress on the 18th. day of December, 1809. 
The Committee also take the liberty to refer to 
the volume abovemehtioned* as containing much 
useful information in relation to the acts and pro- 
ceedings of the state of Georgia and of the United 
States, connected with the subject under considera- 
tion. In the same volume will, also be found the 
report of the commissioners aboVementioned, and. 
various documents accompany ing . the same, show- 
ing, among other things, the evidence of trie fraud 
and corruption connected with the original grant of 
these lands by the state of Georgia. 

All which is respectfully submitted to. thi? house- 
Thursday was agreed upon for the consideration 
of the subject. 

In explanation of ^some remarks on the report- 
Mr. Stanford, of N. G. said he did state, the other 
day, and he now affirmed and could prove the factj 
that Certain books which- had been printed, contain- 
ing the evidence of the Yazoo fraud, had been gut* 
ted of their contents; he had seen them, and the fact 
had been oh a former session urged on the floor, as? 
a reason for reprinting' them. He had alio stated, 
merely as presumption, that they had been so muti- 
lated by some interested person." 

<)ther numbers, however, implied that complete; 
copies might be had. The house then went into the 
consideration ef a bill to raise a committee to enquire 
whether any retrenchment, &c. might be practicable 
and expedient in the navy department, as submitted 
by Mr. W. Reed. The resolution was agreed to. 

Wednesday, March 16.*— Nothing of importance 
done. The business was frequently interrupted for 
want, of a quorum; the members leaving the house to' 
listen to a debate in the senate oft the loaa bill. 



ifjwttfs of m gf<». 


Com. RoroER?. This gallant veteran — the su- 
premely hatred of the enemies of his country, was in- 
\ ited to and partook of a splendid dinner at Tamma- 
. New York, on the 7th inst. The company 
v as very nnmerons, and many who applied could 
not obtain tickets. Above three hundred gentlemen 
were accommodated, of whom a very unusual num- 
ber were American ship masters. The naval officers 
on the station were also invited, and the entertain- 
ment was conducted in a brilliant stile. The toasts 
amounted to this — .-in honorable and safe peace, or toar 
forever. The commodore's toast was, m fact, the 
substance of those that preceded it, as follows — 

u Peace — if it can be obtained without the sacri- 
fice of national honor, or the abandonment of mari- 
time rights.; otherwise, war, until peace shall be 
secured, without the sacrifice of either, 18 cheers." 

After the commodore had retired the president 

" Commodore Rodgers — The zealous patriot, and 
the brave cdmmander — he has three times traversed 
the ocean, and thus proved, that the flag of his 
country is its own protection. 18 cheers. 

[The following lines (says the Columbian) hastily committed to 
pr\p( r on that day, wot sung by one of the company during the 

An impromptu on the return of commodore Rodgers to Neiv-Tork. 
in the frigate President, after offering battle to a British ship of 

the line. 

Time— American Start 

O, strike up the harp to the warrior returning, 

From the toils and the tempests of ocean's rough wave*- 
The hearts of his brethren, with gratitude burning, 

Shall beat to the numbers which welcome the brave. 
Then here's to the heroes, high-sounding in story, 

Who're gallantly met, and have conquer'd the foe; 
And Rodgcrs, brave Rodgers. coeval in glory, 

Who's '"ready, and steady," to give him a blow. 

O'er the furthermost seas his broad banners were waving, 

Like an eagle in air, thrice he swept o'er the flood, 
The fleets of proud Britain with vigilance braving; 

And his deeds— who shall say they're not noble and good? 
The wounds he receiv'd, for bis country contending, 

The hardships endur'd— shall they e'er be forgot? 
The slanderous tongues, 'gainst his fair fame offending, 

And the hands that deface— may they wither and rot! 
For freemen will cherish the rough sons of Ocean-, 

"Whov'e no party plea when a foe may assail— 
But undauntedly fly to the scene of commotion, 

To fight for their rights, till they die or prevail. 

In the bosom of Rodgcrs, did fear ever mingle 

With the mild dove of PEACE or the Eagle of WAR? 

Dare the enemy meet, with force equal and single? 
"No! but flies from ihe roar of his thunder afar! 

Columbians! one cause, and one soul, and one spirit, 
Inspires all your sons who contend on the wave; . 

And prejudice ne'er shall eclipse real merit, 
Nor fortune forever coquette with the brave! 

Then .join the glad song, worth and valor commending, 
Fan the flame which in each patriot bosom should burn, 

And all honest hearts, in true sympathy blending, 
Unite in a t»ast to the ivarrior's return! 


the very important decisions made during the term 
of the Supreme Court, (says the National Intel- 
ligencer") is one announced on Saturday last in 
the case of the Venus, which decides the principle 
•fiat an American citizen who has removed to Eng- 
land in time of peace, and resided there with the 
ammo manendi, and was carrying on trade and com- 
merce there as a merchant, on the breaking out of 
a war, is to be considered as an enemy, mid his pro- 
perty, invested with his hostile character, is sub- 
ject 'to capture on the high seas, though the pro- 
perty might have been shipped before a knowledge 
of the war. 

On this opinion, we learn, the Court was divided, 
r ?bief Justice Marshal and Jurlge Livingston having 

dissented from the decision, and Judge Johnson hav- 
ing declined deciding on a point on whi'ch he had 
not time to make an opinion. We propose to pub- 
lish the opinions delivered on this question, as well 
as on the important case of the British licence. 

Col. Pearce, of the 16th U. S. infantry, a distin- 
guished officer, was invited to a public dinner at 
Harrisburg, on the 28th ult. at which were present 
the governor of Pennsylvania, and a large part of 
the members of the legislature. The toasts were 
sound and patriotic. Gov. Snyder's volunteer was— - 
" the happiness of the human kind." 

Floyd's victories, over the allies of England. 
have been honorably noticed at Savannah, under di- 
rection of the city police. 

Money restored. — A New-York paper says, that 
the collector of that port had received "peremptory 
orders" to deliver up the specie belonging to the 
Boston banks, detained on a suspicion that a violati- 
on of the embargo was designed. 

Blockade. — A Spanish vessel that arrived at New- 
port on the 7th inst. has the following endorsement 
on her register : — "Pursuant to an order from Sir J. 
B. Warren, admiral of the Blue, and commander 

in chief, 

these are to certify, that I Itave 

boarded the Spanish brig St. Pio, and warned of all 
the ports in the United States of .America being wider 
a state of blockade, except Newport and Boston. Giv- 
en under my hand on board H. M. ship Narcissus, off 
the Delaware, March 2d, 1814 — J. R. Lumley, Capt, 

Valuarle arrivals. The ship Barclay, with 1800 
bbls. and the Charles with 1700 bbls. of oil, have ar- 
rived at Newbedford and Nantucket from the Pacific 

Commerce. A late Boston paper says — "The Swe- 
dish consul general at Washington, has written to 
the vice consul in this town, under the date of the 
2d inst. stating to him that the secretary of the 
treasury would issue orders immediately to the col- 
lectors throughout the United States, to permit neu- 
tral vessels arriving in any port of the United States 
(other than their destined port) in distress, for want 
of provisions, or by contrary winds, to proceed to 
the nearest seaport, provided they do not break bulk, 
and that neutral vessels now at the Vineyard will bfe 
permitted to proceed to New-Bedford." 

Smcgh-ling is very actively followed in Vermont- 
But the vigilance of the officers of the United States 
and the frequent seizures made, may check the pro- 
cedure. The villains go armed to protect their 

British prisoners. The cartel ship Bostwick, 
lately sailed from Salem for Halifax with 260 Bri- 
tish prisoners — 160 of them were Germans of De 
Watteville's regiment. The latter manifested a gene- 
ral disposition to desert, and about 20 of them are 
said to have escaped. 

Public prisoners. Iii consequence of the latR 
proceedings in Massachusetts, (see the act page 
4,) Governor Snyder sent the message that follows 
to the legislature of Pennsylvania, who acted upon 
the business immediately, and with but some 6 or 7 
in the minority, instantly complied with the request 
of the government s 

To the senate and house of representatives of the 
commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 

There is not by any existing law vested in the ex- 
ecutive an authority such as is requisite to a com- 
pliance, on his part, with the request of the secre- 
tary of state of the United States, of #ie letter 
conveying wfcich a copy is herewith transmitted to 
each branch W the legislature. Its importance will 
insure it an immediate attention by a general assem- 
bly, that has already given proofs of its zeal to pro- 



mote, by every just anff honorable mean, the great 
object for which tike nation is contending. 


Ifarrisburg, March 1, 1314. 

[cor v.] 
Department of State, Feb. 23, 1814. 

Sir — The conduct of the enemy, in seizing and 
transporting- to Grreat Britain for trial, as traitors, 
under the claim of perpetual allegiance to the Bri- 
tish sovereign, certain American prisoners of war, 
having compelled the government of the United 
States to resort to a just and indispensable measure 
of retaliation, and certain British prisoners having 
been with that view taken into close custody, as 
hostages for the safety of the American prisoners 
thus seized and transported, the president requests 
that you would authorise them to be received and 
confined in the penitentiary at Philadelphia, whither 
they will be conducted without delay, and placed 
under the general superintendanee of John Smith, 
Esq. the marshal of the United States for the dis- 
trict of Pennsylvania. 

I have the honor to be, with great consideration, 
sir, your obedient humble servant, 

His excellency Simon Snyder, gavernor 

of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 

From Bermuda, we learn that all sorts of provi- 
sions were very scarce and high there, "except 
flour" which was eighteen dollars per barrel. 
'"Supplies for the Navy were also very scarce." 
About 500 American prisoners remained there, in- 
famously used. An intelligent gentleman recently 
from Bermuda observes ;— 

"The treatment the unfortunate American prison- 
ers receive on board the prison ship at Bermuda, 
calls for the attention of government. The bread, 
meat, flour, and peas, are of the worst kind, and 
the quantity that is barely enough for four is given 
to six, six to nine. While I was on board, several 
American seamen came from the squadron, who 
had given themselves up as prisoners of war, and 
now are waiting their exchange. One American 
seamen had beenflogged through the feet for refusing 
to do duty, and teas determined to die rather than serve 
them any longer. A petition was drawn up by seve- 
ral American offic rs ; o.the admiral, for the release 
of American seamen on board the ships of the 
squadron, whom they saw and knew. The answer 

to this petition was not received when I left 

The only drink allowed the prisoners is half a pint 
of dirty coooa per man in the morning, and rain 
water sometimes plenty, at other times must beg for 
it. The ship is called the Ardent, a 64 ; the lower 
deck guns are taken away, and iron gratings are fix- 
ed in the ports, with two small hatchways cut 
through the spardeck to go up and down. From 
sun rise to sun set, we were allowed to go on the 
upper decks. -At night only one at a time is per- 
mitted to go up. There were 300 prisoners on board 
when I left the ship. Some were sick ; and, if suf- 
fered to remain there in summer, many no doubt 
will die." 

It is also stated, that a number of troops, said to 
amount to 4000 had arrived there from England. 
But several of the ships of the convoy had been 
destroyed by two French frigates, who also took 
and sunk the 64. There were at Bermuda "many 
■white washed Americans of all colors" — the vile 
smugglers who make so much noise for "commerce,." 
Ruffian Cockburn left Bermuda with a determination 
t© destroy JVew London ; but, it seems, he "mag- 
nanimously" changed his mind when he arrived off 
that port, thinking it might not be a Havre-de-Grace 
business. They have about TOO stolen Negroes at 

Bermuda ; a number of the young and active had 
been impressed into the service. They appear badly 
treated. The whole account, which is of great, 
length, and corroborated by other testimony, is dix 
graceful to the British name, if it is not beyond dis- 

The embassy. — The following, said to be a lei tor 
from Washington, dated Feb. 21, first appeared in 
the Boston Gazette, and is called "interesting" — we 
copy it to preserve a sample of the stuff that floats 
in the newspapers : 

"After the arrival of the Bramble, and before the 
nomination of Clay, the President sent for him and 
observed, there is a proposal from the British go- 
vernment to negociate, and v/e must have peace. 
You have driven me into this- war, what can you do 
to help me out of it I And it was finally concluded 
that with a view to conciliate the southern and west- 
ern people to peace, that Clay was to go to Gotten- 
burg and make a treaty in which no mention wa> 
made about the right of impressment, but enter in- 
to the best arrangement they could about the prac- 
tice. Clay was to stand and "bluster about it at first, 
but eventually agree tp the treaty with the other 
commissioners. In the mean time the warlike atti- 
tude was to be kept up and preparations made as if 
for a vigorous campaign. Clay gave this information 
himself gratuitously — and I have it from a gentle- 
man upon whom I can place the greatest reliance, 
and have not the least doubt of the fact." 
Indian Council. — The following is the substance 
of the proposions made by Mr. J. Johnson, agent 
for the United States to the chiefs of the Shawa- 
noes, Wayandots, Senecas, Miamies, Pottawa- 
timies, Ottaways and Kickapoos, convened ia 
c >uncil on the 6th inst. at Dayton, (O.) 
My Brothers, chiefs of the different tribes, I ad- 
dress you in the name of your Great Father, the 
President ; I stand in his shoes,, and the words 
which I speak unto you are his words. You well 
know it was your Father's wish that you should re- 
main quiet and take no part in the present war. 
You were warned to shut your ears against evil 
counsellors — but war had scarcely began, when we 
found you at Chicago butchering a handful of men 
after they had surrendered, an act which none 
would be guilty of out such as were fit to wear pet- 
ticoats. Shortly after you besieged Fort Wayne; 
but your Father was now aware of your treach- 
ery, he sent his armies and you were beaten 
and driven off. At all the battles which took place 
since that time, we find you assisting the British 
until they were beaten at the river Thames, and you 
were thrown on your backs. Your Father's war 
chief took you by the hand, raised you up, and told 
you to live. — As war is your trade and you cannot 
live quiet and take no part in it, your Father is com- 
pelled by necessity and not choice, to put the to/ma- 
hawk in your hands. And the terms on which I 
offer you peace are, you must receive the tomahawk 
from my hands, and when you are told, you must 
strike. — Our enemies must be your enemies, and 
from this henceforth you must consider yourselves 
in service, and hold yourselves in readiness to ga 
on a war expedition at the call of any commanding 
officer on the lines ; also, you must take and deliver 
up any British agents that may come among you, to 
the commanding officer of the nearest post to you. 
If you do not, you will be considered as enemies and 
treated as such ; but if you are faithful you shall be 
well paid for your services — (not in empty promises 
and bad money, as the British have paid you) but 
in silver, at the rate of 75 cent per day tor every 
day you are in service. Your women and children 
shall be kept at the different posts, protected., fed 



and clothed at the public expense : Your land 
boundaries shall stand as they are— I refer you to the 
Shawanoese and Wyandots, they can tell you vhe- 
ther the Americans fulfil their promises or not.' 
[The regular reply of the chiefs lias hot been receiv- 
ed. But it is understood t hay have fully accepted 
the terms, aud will act against the "Bulwark" 
their late ally.] 

Exfobtt of uoto — From the Boston Patriot. — It is a 
notorious fact, that there is at this moment, a traffic 
carried on between the United States and Canada, 
more destructive to our national interest than an 
evasion of the embargo, or even partially supplying 
the enemy with provisions, as its effects are so much 
more extensive. We mean the taking from this coun- 
try an immense quantity of GOLD to '"Canada ; end 
receiving therefor British government bills. It is well 
known that thousands of pounds sterling are daily 
offered on the exchange ; and such is the demand at 
this moment for gold, that it will bring" upwards of 
4 per cent, advance, for. the purpose of the above- 
mentioned traffic. Would it not be well for our go- 
vernment to take it into serious consideration, and 
JU'ould not the British find it difficult to furnish sup- 
plies and to pay their troops, was it not for this in- 
tercourse ? 

Sackett's harbor Avu Erie— The New York pa- 
pers of the 14th have the following paragaphs re- 
specting these posts. 

Socket? s Harbor. We have seen a letter from Sack- 
e&'s Harbor, dated the 1st inst. stating, that during 
the winter, the crews of the U. S. vessels at that 
place had constructed two forts, under the direction 
of c.iptain Crane, who was left in command during 
*he absence of* commodore Chauncey, and that they 
Avould have defended the place had it been attacked. 
Much credit is therefore due to the naval comman- 
ders, officers and orews, for their readiness to plough 
the land as well as the ocean, in defence of their 
country's rights? 

Erie, Feb. 28. — We are under no apprehension of 
attack here this winter. The season is so far ad- 
vanced, and the hike so open, that to attempt it on 
the ice, or in boats, would be the height of folly in 
them; and if they intend to march from Buffalo to 
this place, the brave Pennsylvania militia will give 
them a warm reception, before they can possibly get 
at us. 

Our new block-hottse on the Peninsula is finished. 
It is an octagon, and mounts eight guns, and is com- 
pletely adequate for (he defence of the fleet. 

vVew York -volunteers. — From the Albany Argus — 
The volunteer bill, reported in assembly as substi- 
tute for that which passed the senate, passed the as- 
sembly on Wednesday, by a majority of six votes; 
Onthout amendment. 

The Chesapeake bay — The enemy move about oc- 
casionally ; but effect little as yet. An active course 
of operations, such as burning farm houses and steal- 
ing sheep, with more serious outrages on the per- 
sons of individual-,, may be expected from ruffian 
Cockburn, who has the command. '" 

Mobs n\.vz-uanrs — Language fails to express the 
Indignation that rushes through the blood, on seeing 
articles like the following. We trust yet, though 
late, justice may reward the infamous hirelings of 
the "MISTRESS OF THE SEA," that pensions 
•wretched knaves to assist her to block ade two frigates 
and a stoop of war ! The nation that blockaded all 
Europe, is in league with traitors to manage three 

small vessels' Pshaw ! — 'tis too disgusting — 

too abominable to think of. 

New-York, March 1.5. — We have conversed with a 

fentletnan who left New-London on Saturday last — 
I uilbttted u::, t.l 't ( on Tuesday evening preceding, 

there was, at that place, a considerable storm of 
snow and rain; and the appearance of the weather 
being favorable for our squadron to put to sea, com- 
modore Decatur issued an order, requiring all Ins 
officers on shore to repair, without delay, on board 
their respective vessels. Shortly after blue lights 
were thrt>wn up, like rockets, from Long Point, and 
distinctly seen by the officers at Fort Trumbull, and 
by the officers and men on board the look-out boats. 
The gentleman from whom we receive this informa- 
tion plainly saw the lights, and states, that they 
were answered by three heavy guns from the ships of 
the enemy, at intervals of about te*n minutes; that he 
was further informed, by an officer from Fort Trum- 
bull, that the lights were continued during the whole 
night. [Nat. Adv. 

Daniel Bissel, colonel of the 5th infantry, Edmvvd 
P. Gaines, colonel of the 25th infantry, and H infield 
Scott, colonel of the 2nd artillery, have been re- 
spectively promoted by the president, with the ad- 
vice and consent of the senate, to the rank of bri- 
gadier generals in the service of the United States. 
It is stated that the British troops at St. Johns, 
St. Andrews, &c. have been marched to Canada. 

A letter to the editor of the Albany Angus, dated 
Sackett's Harbor, says— "the enemy lost, in their 
late excursion into this state, 300 and odd men by 
desertion. This fact is placed beypnd a doubt,"- 
Our letter confirms the destruction of the boats at 
the French Mills, and the capture of 200 bbls. of 
provisions by the enemy ; and intimates that the 
latter might and ought to have been prevented. 

Carlisle, March 4th. On Wednesday afternoon, 
marched from this town, the quota of troops under 
the requisition of the United States government, and 
the orders of governor Snyder, of 501, the comple- 
ment from Cumberland county. Their appearance | 
was truly martial, and their spirits animating. They j 
were all volunteers. Stout, hardy and better looking j 
troops have not passed through this place on any j 
occasion. ' 

The same day arrived about 120 U\ S. cavalry, be- j 
longing to captain Littlejohn's command. 

The Easton, (Pa.) paper says, that more than one j 
hwidredm&\ had been enlisted in that borough since j 
November last. 1 ' 

New-Y« hk, March 15. — Extract of a letter fror\ I 
Vergennes, fVt.J dated March 8. — "There are some j 
movements in our army— three regiments left Bur- j 
lington the 6th inst. for the north. There is building j 
here a sloop of war, of 26 guns, and 6 gallies to carry , 
two large guns, which the commodore of this place i 
thinks will be sufficient for toe command of the lake. 1 
The enemy are building at St. John's 12 gallies to 
Carry two guns each, and likewise one brig of 20 j 
guns, and one schooner of 18 guns. The two vessels j 
at the isle au Noix are in great forwardness. The 
brig will have long 24 pounders. 
; NAVA L. • 
A British vessel laden with- sugar, a prize to thfcl 
Comet,' of Baltimore, being short of provisions, late-, 
ly put into Porto Pico for a supply. But the govern- 
or seized and gave her up to the English claimant.; 
The president of the United States (says the, 
Charleston "J'itnes") has been pleased to appoint! 
sailing-master Bassett, a lieutenant in the navy for' 
his gallant conduct in repelling the attack made by 
six of the enemy's boats on the U. S. schooner Alli- 
gator, under his command, in Stono river, on the 
night of the 29th January last. 

The British have forwarded a considerable num-l 
her of seamen for Kingston. The fight on lake On 
tario, at the opening of the season, and a general 
bnMk> there must be, v ill probably be one of thtj 



most obstinate recorded in the annals of the wc-rld.l 
We, however, look to the result with confidence and 
hope. The nag that hears "Free trade and sailors 
rights," must wave triumphant. 

The privateer Diomede, Crowninshield, has ar- 
rived at Salem, after a short cruise, in which she 
captured and manned six enemy vessels. She brought 
in ;>5 prisoners. 

It is said the British are building on lake Cham- 
plain a vessel to carry 30 guns. 

JMcw-York, March 16 The privateer schooner, 
Viper, captain I). Dithuibide, of this port, sailed 
from Charleston on the 24lh February, on a cruise, 
and arrived at Newbedford on Friday last, having 
made three prizes, viz : 

1. The British ship Victory, burthen 300 tons, 
mounting* 12 guns, and having 13 men, from Jamai- 
ca for Liverpool, laden with 484 bales of cotton, 
140 tons of log\vood, 170 tierces and 230 bags cof- 
fee, 16 zeroons of indigo, (12 of which she brought 
in,) 8 casks white lead, and 3 casks castor oil. She 
is a new vessel, coppered to the bends, and cost thir- 
teen thousand pounds sterling. 

2. British schooner Nelson, of Halifax, from St. 
Thomas, with 50 puncheons rum. 

3. Spanish schr. Uosa, from Bermuda, with 84 
hhds. 17 tierces, and 74 bbls. sugar — with British 

The vessels were all ordered in. 
Capt. D. also brought in 14 prisoners. 
Buitain "who ruled the main" — who claimed do- 
minion of the winds and seas — is compelled to pen- 
sion vile traitors to fight Decatur's squadron ! Un- 
manly poltroons. But it is possible they may save 
some of their ships and a great deal of their honor, 
if their vile coalition with the "-well inclined," shall 
keep our little squadron in port, which we now be- 
lieve will be accomplished by British courage and 
American patriotism. Par nobile erathum ! See 
"Blue Bights" above. 
Copy of a letter from commodore Lewis, commanding at 
Neiv-York, Co the secretary of the navy, dated . 

JVew-fork, March 8, 1814. 
J$ik — I have the honor to inform you, that on Sa- 
turday last the enemy drove a schooner on shore, 
loaded with coals, and despatched his barges to take 
possession of her ; a detachment of men from the 
flotilla, with a small field»piece, drove them off, and 
took possession and launched the vessel and brought 
fcer safe into port. I have the honor, Sec. 

Extract of a letter from midshipman T. H. JLnlick, 
prize-master oftlie British privateer schooner Mars, 
captured by the U. S. brigs Rattlesnake and Enter- 
prize, to the secretary of the navy, dated 

« Wilmington, JV. C.March 7, 1814. 
" I have the honor to inform you that I arrived at 
this place last evening, in the prize schooner Mars, 
late an English privateer, of Nassau, N. P. captrired 
on the 22d ult. by the U. S. brigs Rattlesnake and 
Enterprize. The Mars is an American built vessel, 
copper bottomed and copper fastened, sails remark- 
ably well. About the 20th spoke an American pri- 
vateer, which gave us information of a large English 
convoy seen lying too off the Havana eight days pre? 
vious. We made all sail in pursuit of the convoy, 
when on the 22d fell in with the Mars, and the same 
day captured a small English schooner from Nassau s 
N. P. loaded with salt, which we were about to de- 
stroy, when the signal to chase was made. It had 
however not been done when I lost sight of them." 
Extract of a letter from captain Charles Gordon to the 
secretary of the navy, dated 

Constellation, off Crany Island, March 10, 1814. 

^- 1 haye to report to you the loss of cue of rny 

midshipmen, (Mr. William C. Hall.) He wa3 quite 
young, and the smallest on board ; but a youth of 
great promise, who had so much interested* himself 
with the officers and crew, that his loss has spread a 
momentary gloom over the ship. He fell from the 
mizen topmast head to the quarter-deck, yesterday 
evening, while we were in the act of sending down 
top-gallant yards, and expired instantly. 

He had been much accustomed to going aloft, and 
had gone up to the mast head, on that occasion, 
(as he said to the captain of the top) to observe how 
they unrigged the yard ; having hold of the top-gal- 
lant shroud, tiie yard must have struck him in cant- 

He will be buried in the church yard at Norfolk 
this day at noon, with the ceremonies due to hi9 
grade. He is from Queen Aim county, eastern shore 
of Maryland ; no parents, and an only sister living. 
His family is known to governor Wright, the repre- 
sentative in congress from that district." 

Norwich, fCon.J March 9. Commodore Decatur's 
squadron has dropped down the Thames three ov- 
four miles. The squadron now lies about a mile and 
an half from New-London harbor. 

The blockading squadron consists of the Victori- 
ous and .La H0gue : a frigate, and one or two smaller 

f^» We have a very valuable list of prizes^ 
but propose to insert them on the last Satuz- 
days of each month, hereafter. 


Severity of English Law. — Among the unfortunate 
persons lately executed at Lancaster, England, for 
rioting, was Hannah Smith, a married woman, with\ 
eight children, who was convicted of taking 2lbs. of 
butter from a cart, and forcing the owner to sell it 
for Is. per lb. being 3d. less than he demanded. 

Naples, Dec. 26.— Yesterday at five o'clock in the 
evening, we have seen the commencement of one of 
the most violent eruptions of which the history of 
Vesuvius gives any account. Happily this pheno- 
menon, which presented a dreadful 'spectacle, has 
not done any considerable damage. — The explosion 
began by a shower of heavy volcanic matter, which 
has been followed by a violent eruption of lava» 
This inflammable matter, parting itself into two 
torrents sunk below the ancient lava towards For - 
re-Grego. At ten o'clock in the evening the first 
torrent stopped ; but the second continued its pro- 
gress towards Bosco-Reale and Bosco Tre-Casse. 

British 64 destroyed. Capt. Blackler, arrived at 
an eastern port, informs that a British 64, armed en, 
flute, with 1200 tons of provisions, had been cap* 
tured and destroyed by two French frigates, proba* 
bly La Nympe and La Clorinde, which, by accounts 
from Bermuda, were left engaged with a 64, con-, 
voy of a fleet, 10 sail of which they had captured. 

Joseph H. Hawkins, is elected a representative! \\ 
the Congress of the United States, from the state 
of Kentucky, to supply the vacancy occasioned by 
the resignation of Henry Clay. 

The expenditures of France in 1813 amounted to 
three hundred millions of dollars ; and the estimated 
expense of 18,14 was 360,000,000 of dollars ! 

The banking bill has at length passed the legisla- 
ture of Pennsylvania, and only wants the signature 
of the governor to become a law.— By this bill the 
Mechanics bank, the Commercial bank, and the 
bank of the Northern liberties, in the city and coun* 
ty of Philadelphia, the Farmers bank of Lancaster, 
the York bank, the Chara.bei'sburg bank, and. tb> 


Pittsburgh manufacturing' company, are permitted 
to continue their operations— but the present stock- 
liolders are not allowed to subscribe for any addi- 
tional stock in any of the said banks, until after the 
sixth day of the opening of the books of the same. 
This bill creates about 40 new banks ! 

British Statistics. 

The following table, exhibiting a concise and 
striking view of the internal condition of England, is 
extracted from u British paper of 16th October last. 


Exhibiting at one view the depreciation of our cur- 
rency, the disproportion between the advance made 
in the price of labor and the fall which lias taken 
place in the value of money; with its consequent 
progressive pauperism* from the revolution of 
16S8 to the year 1812. 


Ts <* 

S v 




<*i o 

~ 4* 

S s 


4 8 

3> 3 


& £ 

T3 X 

-«. «C 

















































12 15 




Public Documents 


Extract of a letter from the secretary of war t$ major- 
general Harrison, doled 

War Department, July 14, 1813. 
" Orders have been sent to captain Perry to com- 
municate to you the naval movements, and to concert 
with you the necessary co-operations. 

" Of the militia, you are authorised to take what 
in your judgment will be necessary. Such of the 
Kentucky militia as are in service would be better 
than a new draught. There is (of Pennsylvania mi- 
litia) one regiment at Erie, armed, equipped, &c. 
These are subject to your command.'* 

War Department, August 5, 1813. 

Sir — The best interpretation of the late move- 
ments of the enemy in your quarter is, that De Rot- 
tenburg lias detached to the aid of Proctor between 
four and live hundred men, and that with these he 
is attempting to save Maiden by attacking fort 
Meigs. If this conjecture be well founded, it sug- 
gests the true policy on our part, provided the flotil- 
la was over the bar. Go directly to Maiden and 
leave Mr. Proctor to amuse himself with fort Meigs 
There is no objection to your appointing the Serjeants 
to other offices pro tempore. Captain Butler has 
been appointed major of the 32d regiment and lieu- 
tenant M'Gee captain in the 42d. 
Y I am, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient 

JTajor-general Harmon, 

Extract of a letter from major-general William Hi 

Harrison to the secretary at tear, dated 

Head Quarters, Seneca town, August 22, 1813. ' 

" I am exerting every nerve to complete my pre- 
parations for crossing the lake, as soon is I am rein- 
forced by two thousand of the Kentucky militia. — 
That number is indispensable, from the sickly state 
of the regular troops, of whom I shall think myself 
fortunate to take with me two-fifths of the aggregate 
Extract of a letter from major-general Harrison to the 

secretary of ioar % dated 

Head Quarters, Seneca town, August 29, 1813. 

M I shall be able to embark some day between 
the the 10th and 15th proximo, with upwards of 
2000 regular troops, and 3000 militia. Every exer- 
tion has been, and is continued to be made, to pre- 
pare for the contemplated offensive operations ; but 
as we could not navigate the lake until our flotilla 
came up, nor accumulate at any point on its margin, 
the stores that were at Upper Sandusky and fort 
Winchester, during Proctor's late invasion, it will 
take the time I have mentioned before the embarka- 
tion can be"«ffected. It might be facilitated by 
moving the troops that are here immediately to the 
lake, and then waiting for the Kentucky militia. But 
so extremely unhealthy is the whole of the southern 
shore, from Huron to the river Raisin, that the most 
fatal effects would follow the keeping the troops up- 
on it, even for a few days. You can form a correct 
estimate of the dreadful effects of the immense bo- 
dy of stagnant water, with which the vicinity of the 
lake abounds, from the state of the troops at Lower 
Sandusky. Upwards of ninety are this morning re- 
ported on the sick list, out of about two hundred 
and twenty. Those at fort Meigs are not much bet- 

Extract of a letter from major-general William H. Har« 
rison to the secretary of war, dated. 

Head-quarters, Bass*Island, September 22, 1813. 

"The greater part of the troops are here with me, 
and the whole will, I believe, be up by twelve o'clock^ 
I shall proceed as far as the Middle Sister in the 
course of to-night and to-morrow, and in the follow- 
ing night get so near the enemy's coast as to land 
two or three miles below Maiden by eight o'clock in 
the morning. These prospects may, however, be re- 
tarded by adverse winds. Commodore Perry gives 
me every assistance in his power, but his crews were 
so much cut up in the late action, that he cannot 
navigate his vessels without the aid of my men." 
War Department, Sackett's Harbor, Sept. 22, 1813. 

Sir — Information has reached me though various 
but unofficial channels, that commodore Perry had 
captured the whole of the British fleet on lake Erie. 
If this be true, it is matter of much personal an£ 
public congratulation. It enables you to make sure 
of Maiden, and as a subsequent measure, to carry 
your main body down the lake, and by throwing 
yourself into De Rottenberg's rear, to compel him 
to quit his new positions before fort George. After 
general Wilkinson shall have left that place, there 
will be found on the two sides of the Niagara, a force 
amounting to three thousand men, who will be sub- 
jected to your orders. By giving this new direction 
to your operations, you will readily perceive of how 
much more importance it is, in the opinion of the 
executive, to be able to expel the enemy from the 
country lying between the two lakes Erie and Onta- 
rio, than to pursue the indians into their woody and 
distant recesses. A few days will put us in motioa 
from this point. 

Accept my best wishes, &c. 

General Harrison, 



Head-quarters, Amherstburgh, Sept. 27, 1813. 

Sut— I have the honor to inform you, that I land- 
ed tie army under my command about three miles 
below this place, at three o'clock this evening, with- 
out opposition, and took possession of the town in 
an hour after. General Proctor has retreated to 
Sandwich vrith his regular troops and Indiana, hav- 
ing previously burned the fort, navy yard, barracks, 
and public store houses. The two latter were very 
extensive, covering several acres of ground. I will 
pursue the enemy to-morrow, although there is no 
probability of overtaking him, as he has upwards of 
1,000 horses, and we have not one in the army. I 
shall think myself fortunate to be able to collect a 
sufficiency to mount the general officers. It is sup- 
posed here that general Proctor intends to establish 
himself upon the river French, forty miles from 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, your 
most obedient humble servant, 

John Armstrong, Esq. Sec'ry of War. 

Extract of a letter from major-general William H. Har- 
rison to the secretary of -war, dated 
Head-quarters, near Moravian town, on the river 

Thames, 80 miles from Detroit, Octobers, 181.3. 

"I have the honor to inform you, that by the bless- 
ing of Providence, the army under my command has 
this evening obtained a complete victory over the 
combined indian and British forces under the com- 
mand of general Proctor. I believe that nearly the 
whole of the enemy's regulars are taken or killed ; 
amongst the former are all the superior officers, ex- 
cepting general Proctor. My mounted men are now 
in pursuit of him. Our loss is very trifling." 
Mxtracts of a letter from major-general Harrison to. 
the secretary of -war, dated 

Head-quarters, Detroit, October 16, 1813. 

"A detachment of the army, under the command 
@f brigadier-general M'Arthur, has been for some 
days' waiting at this place for the necessary provi- 
sions to proceed to lake Michigan. 1 am sosry to in- 
form you, however, that from the effects of a vio- 
lent storm, there is now no prospect of accomplish- 
ing that desirable object, the reduction ofMichili- 
mackinac, this season. It is with the greatest re- 
gret I inform you, that it is almost reduced to a cer- 
tainty, that two of our schooners have been lost on 
lake Erie, the Chippewa and Ohio ; the former load- 
ed with the baggage of the troops from Bass island, 
the latter with flour and salt provisions from Cleve- 

"Upon a consultation with the two brigadiers and 
commodore Perry and captain Elliot, it was unani- 
mously determined, that the season is too far advanc- 
ed to attempt an expedition to Maccinac, if it were 
not commenced in two or three days, and there was 
no hope of the supplies being obtained in that time." 

"It is generally believed here, that general Proc- 
tor despatched an order to the commanding officer at 
Maccinac to destroy the post and retreat by the way 
of Grand river. At any rate, it is not a matter of 
much importance to have that place in our posses- 
sion during the winter, cut off as it is from a com- 
munication with the rest of the world." 

Sackett's Harbor, October 20, 1813. 
Sir — The enemy's corps before fort George broke 
up their cantonments on the 9th, and marched ra- 
pidly fo * Burlington bay, which he reached on the 
11th. By taking this rout he may intend to rein- 
force Proctor on the river French, or Kingston, at 
the head of the St. Lawrence. He was apprized of 
the abandonment of Maiden on the 5th. 

We are perhaps too remote to profit by each others 

Sandwich is the point at which Proctor will stop, if 
you pursue him. From Point aux Pins, on lake 
Erie, there is a good road to Chatham, on the Thames, 
the distance not more than twenty-four miles. Were 
this gained, and travelled back to Sandwich, the 
enemy's means of subsistence might be destroyed, 
and himself compelled to surrender. But of the 
practicability of this, you are the best judge. My 
opinion is suggested by the map. 

The first division of this army sailed two days ago. 
The second and reserve follow to-day. 
Yours with great respect, 

Major-general Harrison. 

Extract of a letter from major-general Harrison U 
the secretary of war, dated 

Head-quarters, Erie, Pa. October 22, 1913. 
"Soon after my letter to you of the 16th instant 
was written, I was informed that a special messenger, 
with despatches from you, had left Bass island in the 
schooner Chippewa, which had been driven from th^ 
mouth of the Detroit river in a violent storm ; and 
from the circumstance of a quantity of baggage, be- 
longing to the officers,which was known to -have been 
on board, being found on the lake shore, she was be 
lieved to have been lost. As 1 had nearly completed 
the arrangement for a suspension of hostilities with 
the indians, although I had no information as to the 
movement of the army on lake Ontario, I determined 
to embark general M* Arthur's brigade and the bat- 
talion of the United States riflemen, and proceed 
with them down the lake until I could receive some 
certain information of the movements of the army 
under general Wilkinson, and what was expected 
from me. I arrived here this morning with commo- 
dore Perry in the Ariel, having left the remainder 
of the fleet at Bass island. It is probable they will 
be here this evening, when we shall immediately pro- 
ceed to Buffaloe." 

Extract of a letter from major-general Harrison to tks 
secretary of war, dated 
Head-quarters, Buffaloe, N.Y. October 24, 1813. 

"I have this moment landed at this place, from on 
board the schooner Ariel, which is one of seven ves- 
sels, with which I left Detroit, having on board the 
greater part of M* Arthur's brigade, and the detach- 
ment of the United States' rifie regiment, under coh 
Smith. The other vessels are all, 1 believe, in sight, 
and will be up in a short time. The aggregate 
number of troops with me, is about thirteen hun- 
dred, but not more than one thousand fit for duty. — 
Before this reaches you, you will no doubt be inform- 
ed of the loss of your messenger, captain Brown, 
with the despatches that were entrusted with him.^ 
Not having received your directions, and being en-' 
tirely ignorant of the state of our military operations 
in this quarter, I was much at a loss to know how 
to proceed ; but believing that general Cass with his 
brigade would be able to secure Detroit and our adj 
jacent conquests, after having concluded an armis- 
tice with the greater part of the hostile tribes, I con- 
cluded that I could not do better than to move down 
the lake with the remaining part of the troops. A 
part of M 'Arthur's brigade is still at the Bass islands,, 
where they Were left for the want of the means of 
conveyance ; and a considerable portion of their 
baggage was also left from the same cause. Menus, 
however, have been taken to collect and bring them 

"I shall move down the troops immediately to fort 
George, where I shall await your orders, unless an 
opportunity should previously occur of striking at 
the enemy. The information I have received here of 
the situation and movements of the enemy on the 

srggestkms ; but it does not appear to me that 'head of lake Ontario, is vague and contradictory 1 


>Vur Department, "Wilna, Omober 30, 1813. 

Sin — T have the honor to acknowledge the receipt 
of your letters of the 5th and of the 24th instant. 

The despatch by captain Brown, and which with 
T>im was lost in lake Erie, suggested, as an ulterior 
movement, the coming- down to the Niagara river, 
and putting yourself on the right and rear of He Rot 

to these will make a force entirely competent to->nf 
object. To bring this brigade down the lake you 
must have the aid of the fleet, which will be readily 
given by commodore Chauncey. On this point* shall 
write to him and suggest a communication vdth yow. 
in relation to it. 

"This new disposition will render necessary the 
tenberg's position before tort George; while general employment of so many of themilitia and volunteers, 

tia, volunteers and novv i M service under general M'Clure, as you may 
deem competent to the safe-keeping of forts George 
and Niagara and their dependencies.'* 

Kcad-quartors, Newark, November 16, 1813. 
Sir — Commodore Chauncey with the fleet arrived 
here yesterday morning, and informed me that he 
was ready to receive the troops to convey them down 
the lake ; and that the season was so far advanced, 
rendering the navigation dangerous to the smaller 
vessels, that it was desirable they should be embaok- 
ed as expeditiously as possible. As a very small 
pant of the militia and volunteers had arrived, and 
the situation of Sackett's Harbor appearing to me to 
require immediate reinforcement, I did not think 
proper to take upon myself the responsibility of post- 
poning the departure of the troops for the lower part 
of the lake, conformably to the directions contained 
in your letter of the. 3d instant. 

"The information 1 received yesterday from two 
respectable citizens that were taken near to fort 
Meigs in June last, and who made their escape in an 
open boat from Burlington, confirms me in the pro- 
priety of sending them off. These men state, the 
troops -were hurrying- to Kingston from York as fast as 
possible. The regulars going tloion in boats and the 
vmlilia bring the latter back." 

The troops are now all embarked and are under 
the command of colonel Smith, who is an officer in 
whose capacity and bravery the - greatest reliance may 
be placed. 

I shall set out this evening for the seat of govern- 

■ I have the honor to be, with the highest considera- 
tion, sir, your humble servant, 

Hon. John Armstrong, Esq. Sec*ry of War. 

Correspondence with governor Shelby, in relation to 
the north -western campaign. 

Frankfort, August 1, 1813. 

Sik— A few days ago I was honored with a letter 
from general Harrison, under date of the 20th ulti- 
mo, by his aid-de-camp, major Trimble. In it he 
says, that "he had just received a letter from the se- 
cretary at war authorising him -to call from the 
neighboring states such numbers of militia as he 
might deem requisite for the ensuing operations 
against Upper Canada." In pursuance of that power, 
he has malte a requisition on the government of 
Kentucky, for reinforcements, and has referred me 
to major Trimble for information, &c. &c. and has 
in warm terms solicited my taking the field in per- 
son. Much delay would have been the inevitable 
consequence of ordering out the militia as infantry 
in the ordinary mode, by draft. As mounted volun- 
teers, a competent force can, I feel confident, be easi- 
ly raised. I have, therefore, appointed the 3lst of 
this month, at Newport, in this state, for a general 
rendezvous of mounted volunteers. 

I have the honor of enclosing, for the information 
of the president, a copy of my address to the militia 
of this state on the occasion. 

The prospect of acting effectually against Upper 
Canada will, I have no doubt, call forth a large force 
to our standard, and they will be immediately march- 
ed to the head-quarters of the north-western army, 
in such bodies as will best facilitate their movement's,. 

indians, should approach them in front. The ene- 
my seems to have been aware of this, or of some 
similar movement, as he began his retreat on the 9th 
and did not stop until he had gained the head of Bur- 
lington bay, where I understand, by report, he yetj 
is. This is his last strong hold in the peninsula. — 
Routed from this, he must surrender or make his 
v.'iy down lake Ontario to Kingston. His force is 
estimated at twelve or fifteen hundred effectives. — 
The capture or destruction of this corps would be a 
glorious finale to your campaign. Our operations in 
this quarter are but beginning, at a time when they 
ought to have ended. 

I shall go on slowly towards Utica, where I may 
have the pleasure of seeing adjutant-general Gaines. 

I am, sir, very respectfullv, your most obedient 

Major-general Harrison. 

Extract of a letter from the secretary at -war to gene' 
ral Harrison, dated 

Boonsville, November 3, 1813. 

"I have fortunately met colonel Gaines on the way 
to his regiment. The deputy pay-master shall have 
orders to attend to the brigade you have brought 
with you. Captain Butler will act as your assistant 
adjutant-general, and shall receive an appointment 
as such. The officers of the several corps compos- 
ing your division (as well those at fort George as of 
general Cass's brigade,) not indispensable to the 
command of the troops now in the field, should be 
immediately despatched on the recruiting service. I 
need not invoke your attention to a subject so impor- 
tant to the early and successful opening of the next 
campaign, and to the extent and character of vour 
particular command. Will the whole of Cass^>ri- 
gade be wanted to the westward ? In the event of a 
peace with the savages a less force would be suffi- 
cient; and, to hasten and secure this event, the pre 
sent moment and present impressions must be seized. 
Of lite warriors, sueing for peace, one or more 
should he sent by the nearest route, and by the most 
expeditious mode, to the Creek nation. The story 
of their defeat by you, and subsequent abandonment 
by the British, communicated by themselves, would 
probably have a decided effect on their red brethren 
of the south, and save us the trouble and expense of 
beating them into a sense of their own interest. — 
When t wrote to you from Wilna, it was doubtful 
whether our attack would be made directly upon 
Kingston or upon Montreal. Reasons exist forpre- 
fering the latter course, and have probably deter- 
mined general Wilkinson to go down the St. Law- 
rence. In this case, the enemy will have at Kings- 
ton, besides his fleet, a garrison of twelve or four- 
i een hundred men. Had we not a corps in the neigh- 
borhood, these: might do mischief, and even render 
insecure the winter station of our fleet. To prevent 
this it is deemed advisable to draw together at Sac- 
kctt's Harbor a considerable military force. There 
are now at that post between four and five hundred 
men of all descriptions — sick, convalescent and ef- 
fective. Colonel Scott's detachment (about POO) are 
Oil their march thither, and it is barely possible that 
colonel Randolph's (not arriving in time to move with 
the army) may be there also. This does not exceed 
three hundred and fifty. M'Arthur's brigade added 



when there they can act as foot or mounted, as cir- 
cumstances may require. 

I shall take great pleasure to hear from the presi- 
dent on this subject previous to my departure from 
this place, and 1 request the favor of you to lay this 
letter immediately before him for his consideration, 
and that you will be pleased to apprize me of the 
result by the earliest conveyance. 

I have the honor to be, most respectfully, your 
obedient servant, 

The hon. the secretary of hoar. 

Red Hook, North River, August 21, 1813. 

Sir — Iliad the honor of receiving your excellen- 
cy's letter, of the lxt of August by the southern 
mail of yesterday, and of learning from the war of- 
fice that a copy "had been forwarded to the president 
for his consideration and orders. These will be 
communicated to your excellency as promptly as 
possible. 1 have the honor to be, &c. &c. &c. 

His excellency, the governor of Kentucky. 

Note. — It is understood that it was not till the re- 
ceipts the above at the war office, for transmission 
to Kentucky, that governor Shelby's letter was sent 
to the president. 

War Office, September 27, 1813. 

43ir— In the absence of the secretary of war, I 
have the honor to inform your excellency, that the 
president has been pleased to approve your arrange- 
ments, in substituting volunteers for the detached 
militia required by general Harrison. 

The term of service for the detachment under 
your excellency, must depend on the arrangements 
of the commanding general, to whom you are refer- 
red for the necessary information relative to their 
duty, and the points "where your troops will be ex- 
pected to operate. 

It will be proper for your excellency to keep up 
a correspondence with general Harrison. This is 
rendered the more necessary, as the several requisi- 
tions -which have been made by him for volunteers and 
militia have not been accurately reported to the war of- 
fice i and it is possible he may find it advisable to dis- 
charge a part of your force before they reach the fron- 

In the present critical period of the campaign, it 
seems advisable to submit all further arrangements 
to general Harrison, under the instructions he has 
received from the president through the secretary 
of war. 

With perfect respect, I have the honor to be, your 
excellency's most obedient humble servant, 


War Department. 
His excellency Isaac Shelby, 

governor of Kentucky. 

Correspondence between the secretary of -war and ma- 
jor-general Hampton. 

September 1, 1813. 
Dear. Sir — Prevost has gone up to the head of the 
lake; Yeo has followed him. The object is either 
to attack Boyd, or to draw Wilkinson to the west, 
and spin out the campaign, without either giving or 
receiving blows of decided character. In either case, 
his [Prevost's] rear is manifestly neglected, and we 
must not lose the advantage he presents for attacking 
it. Wilkinson has gone on to fort George to baffle 
Prevost, (if the former be his object) and to bring 
off the army, should the other be manifestly his in- 
tention. If Chauncey beat Yeo, sir George's case 
will be desperate. This is the •pivot^n which the 
Issue of the campaign turns. I am, dear sir, yours, &c. 

Camp Near Burlington, September 7, 1813. 
Sir — Your letter of the 1st instant came to hand, 
by express, the last evening. My disposition for a 
movement had been shaped to meet the arrange- 
ment communicated in my letter of the 31st ul- 
timo ; but I called together the heads of depart- 
ments this morning to know how far it would be 
practicable to anticipate that which you had indicat- 
ed in your despatch of the 29th, and it was found 

Learned's regiment has not arrived. The ordnance 
and fixed ammunition belonging to tlie artillery were 
only to leave Albany on the 5th, and the latter for 
the infantry is not yet on its way, notwithstanding 
my order to major Bumforn, as early as the 12th or 
15th of August'; and without it 1 shall be fifty rounds 
a man short, having now less than fifty, including 
those in the cartridge boxes. But what is worse 
than all, the quart er-master«general's arrangements, 
for the land transportation, is shaped to the 20th and 
cannot be met at an earlier di*y. 

A descent by water, and direct attack on the Isle 
aux Noix, is out of the question. It is a place of 
immense strength, and cannot be approached, but by 
a decided superiorty of naval strength. This com- 
modore M'Don iugh does not pretend to assume in 
the narrow waters. He has this morning been expli- 
citly consulted upon that point. Our approach must 
be by the plains of Acadia. I had directed a monthly 
return to be inclosed. Our strength will be less than 
4,000 effectives. Lane and Leonard's regiments have 
come on, with mumps and measles upon them, and 
totally destitute of the least instruction. Too milch, 
must not be expected from us. Ail accounts concur 
in representing the force of the enemy at more thai! 
5,000, exclusive of three battalions of incorporated 
militia (twelve months men) stationed at the Cedars 
and i Cascades, some distance up the St. Lawrence- 
If any have gone to Kingston, they have been de- 
tached from these points. These battalions consist 
of 400 men each. 

I shall expect information from you respecting the; 
state of things above, but shall not wait a moment 
for it after 1 am ready. 

I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, yout 
most obedient servant, 

Honorable John Armstrong, secretary of war. 

Sackett's Harbor, September 13, 18.13. 
Sir — Your letter of the 7th inst. has been receiv- 
ed. Chauncey probably fought a battle on the 11th 
instant. A heavy cannonade was distinctly heard at 
this place for several hours, and a boat from Great 
Sodus states, that an engagement between the fleets 
took place off Presque isle on the northern shore of 
the lakei (Presque isle is nearly opposite to Great 
Sodus.) We are anxiously looking for the result. 
Had Chauncey been beaten, or so crippled as to make 
it necessary for him to go into port, we should have 
seen him here before to-day. His absence and his 
silence, give us, therefore, an assurance that what- 
ever may have been the issue of the battle, it has 
not disabled him from covering the intended move- 
ment of the troops. 

Our information differs widely from yours as to 
the strength of the enemy at Montreal and its depen- 
dencies. A deserter from a British detachment cf 
300 men, moving from Montreal to Kingston, and 
who left them near the head of the rapids, came to 
this post the day before yesterday. He states that 
the whole regular force near Montreal does not ex- 
ceed one thousand effectives, and that but three hun- 
dred invalids have been left at Quebec. This agrees 
with information received through other channels 
less direct, and perhaps less correct than yours. 



Tronj general Wilkinson I have not heard a sylla- 
ble since his arrival at tort George, which was on 
the 4th instant. He must now be on the point of 

The 10th and 32d regiments are in march for 
Flattsburg. The latter was destined for this place, 
hut learning that it could not leave Philadelphia 
before the 12th, I have given to it the shorter march 
and nearer scene of action. 

It is much to be regretted that out naval means on 
lake Champlain should have fallen so far short of 
their object. To our operations an ascendancy in 
the narrow parts of the lake is of infinite moment. 
A well chosen position on the plains is the alterna- 
tive of most promise. It may keep the different 
corps of the enemy in the state of separation. 

With great respect, I am, sir, your most obedient 
and very humble servant, 

•Major-general Hampton. 

Head-Quarters, Cumberland Head, September 15, 1813. 

Sir — I have got my forces nearly concentrated at 
this point ; and, with MTJonough's aid have put a 
stopper on the lake which ensures tranquility while 
my preparations are going on. All now depends on 
the quarter-master-general, and I believe he will sur- 
mount every obstacle. 1 shall soon be ready. 

lam, &c. 

Secretary of war. 

Sackett's Harbor, September IP, 1313. 

Dear Geitt.rai. — Chauncey has chased Yeo round 
the lake and obliged him to take shelter in Kingston. 
The commodore has now gone up to fort George to 
bring down the troops. We are ready at this point 
to embark. It may, perhaps, be the 30th before our 
forces will be assembled and in motion. Your move- 
ments may of course be somewhat delayed — say to 
the 25th or 26th. 

It is believed in Kingston that sir George Prevost 
is about going to Quebec. Will he not stop at Mon- 
treal ? 

Yours faithfully, 

General Hampton. 

Head Quarters at Little Cliazey, September 2.2, IS 13. 

Sir — At 6 o'clock, p. m. on the 19th, i dropped 
down with the army from Cumberland Head for the 
shore near this place, and landed at 12 o'clock at 
night, and an hour after had the light corps of the 
army in motion against the advanced posts of the 
enemy. Snelling's command against a post a little 
over the line, on the lake shore, and Hamilton's 
against Odletown. The blow was to have been 
struck at the dawn, and the corps were to unite at 
the latter place, twelve miles distant. Both corps 
were misled by their guides. Sneliing finding him- 
self oat of his way for the first point, pushed for the 
second, and as Hamilton had taken a circuit to get 
below it, Sneliing arrived first and fell upon the 
picquet in a house, which he killed or took, except 
two or three, and the main body escaped. 

Hamilton arrived soon after; the army joined 
them a little after nine. A few desperable Indians 
continued to lurk about the distant bushes, and fre- 
quently crawled up and fired upon our sentries dur- 
ing the day and the succeeding night. 

One was killed upon his past in the dark, and two 
or three others wounded. They were frequently 
drove off and the thickets scoured, but they conti 
i to hover round as long as we staid. The army 
J. id on their backs five days provisions, and my in- 
I .cion was to push through the wood,, remove all 
.; , .: ructions, and repair the roads for our supplies, 
^•ullcry, baggagc ; t;c. which was to follow ; but an 

insurmountable difficulty occurred which at once 
defied all human exertion. The drought had been 
uncommon, and I had some doubts of the practica- 
bility of procuring water for the troops, horses and 
teams ; but the points of Odletown, La Cole, and 
the river La Cadia were represented to me as a sure 
resource. •» 

The troops, however, soon dried up the wells and 
prings of Odletown, and the beds of La Cole and 
La Cadia are represented, from authority not to be 
questioned, to be dry. The troops began to suffer 
extremely, and the few cavalry and artillery horses 
that arrived were obliged to be sent back to Cham- 
plain, a distance of four miles, for water. The dif- 
ficulty began to produce effects the most to be 

It was not a time to hesitate : the general staff and 
commanding officers of corps were called together, 
and there was but one voice. 

Tiie Chataitgxj route was adopted. It was circuit- 
ous, but afforded water, and was practicable in less , 
time, all obstructions in the other considered. 

The army fell back in the afternoon of the 2lst 
and encamped at Champlain. The Chataugy road 
takes off near this place, and the army will advance 
on it seven miles this afternoon. The baggage is 
now advancing on it. I hope to arrive at Chataugy 
on the evening of the 24th. I can from thence join 
you at any point you may advise on the St. Lawrence. 
My object is Cogna-wauga, opposite to La Chine, 
about forty miles from Chataugy and ten from Mon- 
treal. I have my guides and information I can rely 
ipon. This position will present three points. If 1^ 
do not hear from you I can take either or hold fast}; 
as circumstances shall indicate. 

My first movement was unexpected to the enemy; 
must draw him into some confusion, and will pass 
as a feint so soon as he hears of my route to Chatua- 
gy. My force is less numerous than I expected. It 
is raw and of a description that will be forever fall- 
ing off. All lean say is, it shall have all the capacity 
I can give it. 

I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your 
most obedient servant, * 

P. S. Since writing I find all the corps cannot leave 
this ground before the morning* and that it will be 
the 25th before we reach Chataugy. W. H. 

Hun. John Armstrong, Sed'ry of War. 

Sackett's Harbor, Sept. 23, 1813. 

SiR— Your letter of the 22d instant, was delivered 
to me last night. Commodore Chauncey left this 
place on the 18th, in the intention of running up to 
fort George, and covering the transportation of the 
troops from that point to this. On the 21st he had 
not arrived there ; the effect, as I suppose, of ad- 
verse winds. This circumstaiice will necessarily 
bring after it a delay in the execution of our joint 
operations, and will indicate the propriety of your 
not advancing beyond Malone or the Four- Comers, 
until you have advice of our movement. The dis- 
tance from this place to Malone is about 130 miles. 
An express can reach you in 30 hours, and will, of 
course, enable you to gain the village of Cognawauga 
as early as may be proper. You will give such direc- 
tion to the militia corps assembling or assembled at 
Plattsburg, as you may think most advisable. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient 

Major-general Hampton. 

Head-Quarters, Pomeroy's, 

t 13 miles from Chataugy, September, 25,1813. 
Sir— I had this morning, at 3 o'clock, the honor 
to receive your letter of the 19th, and finding so 
much time on my hands, the idea has occured, that 



a greater advantage may arise from a closer view of 
Our means, and the clearest possible concert and un- 
derstanding in their application. Of every matter 
and thing relating to mine, colonel Atkinson will 
give you as full an idea, as if you had been with me 
for the last five days. When you shall have reflected 
fully upon them, my arrangements and ideas, your 
indication can be made with more precision and 

The perfect rawness of the troops, with the ex- 
ception of not a single platoon, has been a source of 
much solicitude to the best informed among us. 
This solicitude has not been removed by the first 
experiment. Every thing was done, to be sure, that 
ought to have been done ; but not in that style which 
the example of a Snelling, a Hamilton, &c. ought to 
have inspired in the movements of even the light 
corps. We want a little more mercury in the ranks 
at least. Can you not let me have the 1st dragoons, 
and one more veteran battalion 1 At all events let 
me have Hane and Haig, that 1 may have their local 
as well as constitutional ardor. But the great object 
of this letter is, a full and distinct view and under- 
standing on both sides. All I need say is., that what- 
ever part shall be assigned me in the general plan, 
shall be executed to the utmost extent of my ability 
and power. 

I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient and 
verv humble servant. 

Wm. John Armstrong, secretary of -war. 

Extract of a letter from the secretary of war to major- 
general Hampton, dated 

War Department, September 28, 1813. 
" The position you have taken is better calculated 
to keep up the enemy's doubts with regard to your 
real point of attack than any other. Hold it fast till 
ive approach you. In the present state of the cam- 
paign we ought to run no risks by separate attacks 
when combined ones, are practibable and sure. Had 
you been able to have broken down the head of their 
defences and seized the bank of the St. John's at the 
rapids, you would have bothered his knightship con- 
siderably ; but, on the whole, the western movement 
is to be preferred ; because in it there is safety and 
concert, and in the mean time, enough to render his 
attention to different points necessary, and of course 
to keep his forces in a state of division. 

" The moment the enemy left the upper parts of 
the Chesapeake, I ordered Pickens with his battalion 
of the 10th to join you. A battalion of 32d had si- 
milar orders." 

Head-Quartei's, Chataugy, October 4, 1813. 

Dear Sir — No change of importance in my affairs 

has occurred since my last, by 7 colonel Atkinson ; 

but, as there are several of minor consideration, I 

have judged that a detailed view of them~ might be 

of some use, at the moment of your arranging with and the real state of the grand army, is extreme. It 

the commanding general the main course of the 
proposed operations. 

The road to Plattsburgh will be completed to-day, 
and is a perfect turnpike. The artillery, consisting 
of 8 six-pounders, 1 twelve, and 1 howitzer, tolera- 
bly appointed and found, is arrived. I have but a 
small stock of provisions on hand, but have the 
most pointed assurance from colonel Thomas, the 
quarter-master general, that a supply of sixty days 
of bread and flour will arrive at once, in the 
course of three or four days. I have only from 
forty to fifty rounds of musket cartridges with 
me, but this convoy will make the supply an hundred, 
and give to the artillery all it requires in reserve. 
The supply of salted provisions will not exceed a 
fourth of the proportion of flour ; but we have, and 
&n have, aU|Unlirrutted supply of good beef cattle, 

Brigadier general Parker is at Plattsburg hastening 
my supplies, and presiding over some arrangements 
that were thought necessary. I have directed the 
commencement of a. petty -war, or invasion of the 
lines, at and near lake Champlain, by Colon** ^lark, 
who has some volunteers, and briir oJier general 
Fasset, (our colonel) who has?*- my instance cal- 
led out his brigade of mili^'a. The latter, I un- 
derstand, turn out but badly, but they will make 
together, I suppose, from 600 to 1000 men. There 
has been inculcated by the artifices of the British, 
a shameful and corrupt neutrality on the lines, for 
the purposes of gain. I have directed these officers 
to break the truce. And should other means fail, 
to act the part of the mischievous urchin, who, to 
get two peaceable tabbies at "making the fur fly" 
hold them up together by the tail. To be serkms, 
it is really time each individual should take his side, 
and that traitors to either, should meet their due 
reward. What I am aiming at, however, is tran- 
quility on the road, by kicking up a dust on the 
lines. It will also create a division at a proper point. 
Ofllopkins' militia, but about 250 have arrived, 
and not more than 50 or 60 of them have consented 
to pass the line. Such as refused, general Parker 
was authorized to keep on the lines below, and to 
excite all the alarm he could with them and the 
Vermonters. The change of iiabit has produced 
more sickness among my raw soldiers than I expect- 
ed. I believe the number has accumulated at this 
place to 300; and, I am afraid will increase. The 
enemy is in considerable force about 12 or 14 miles 
distant. He made an attack on one of my out- 
posts with 300 or 400 regulars, and as many Indi- 
ans, on the afternoon of the first instant, but he fell 
into bad hands, He found Snelling well posted with 
his own and Wood's corps. The attack was made 
with Indians, and the regulars lay in ambush. But 
Snelling dashed upon them with such rapidity upon 
their flanks, that they all skampered away together, 
Lieutenant Nash, of the 33d regiment, and one man 
was killed, and one wounded. If the Indians lost 
any they carried them off. 

The Indians still hover about us and shoot at our 
sentries. The St. Regis people are poor d — Is. 

I have written in much haste, and have neither 
time for correction nor copying. You must take it 
for better for worse. I will only entreat you to re- 
gard it in any other light rather than that of an offici- 
al communication. You may, however, no less rely 
upon all the information it conveys. 

1 am, sir, vevy respectfully and truly, 
Your most obedient servant, 

The hon. John Armstrong. 

Head-Quarters, Chataugy, October 12, 1813* 

Dear Sir — My solicitude to know your progress, 

is perhaps not less necessm^y for both, that I should 
be constantly informed. Implicit faith, cordiality, 
and concert ought to unite our efforts. These have 
formed the basis of our exertions so far, and pro- 
mises, more than our numbers, the result so much 
desired. I have no reference to individuals ; but to 
the heart of every man. The point and movement 
of our junction is all important ; artd that, and not 
the moment of my departure from hen*e, ought to 
be indicated ; because I ought to be the best judge 
of the time necessary to surmount the obstacles in 
frhe way. Between this and Cognaivauga much work 
on the road is necessary, and I ought to advance up- 
on it two or three days earlier than might be judged 
necessary upon a smooth and solid road. By seiz- 
ing and holding strong positions in my front, the 
\vorly could progress in my reaT tf-itht>ut incurring 


risk, until I arrive within a striking distance. You point -.rhich shall better favor our junction, and hold 
haves aid ''holdfast," and it might be considered I the enemy in check. Your known vigilance and skill 
precipitate to advance before I hear, at least, that (make it unnecessary to suggest any measure of pre- 
6* Rubicon is passed above- These are points for ; caution against the enterprises of the enemy while 
your c^ncWleration, and those with you who guide; you remain within stroke of him. The dragoons' 
the general movement. You have not sent me the will pass the St. Lawrence near theCoteaude lac. 

200 mounted dragoons. Their presence, on ground, 
the possession of which I do not despair of gaining, 
added to a force of 4,000 effective infantry, and a 
well appointed train, ought to inspire you with 
some reliance upon our army, new as it is. High 
pretensions have been avoided ? but the moment 
has arrived when it is perhaps necesrary for us to 
be estimated at as much as we are worth. 

The 10th is at hand, and is included in the esti- 
mate. It is believed the militia may serve for es- 
corts to what must follow us. 

Colonel Clark is carrying on his small war on the 
lines with all the effect contemplated. The enemy's 
motley force have every where nearly disappeared. 
He is concentrating, no doubt, on points in my way, 
or on the river. 

I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully and 
truly, your obedient servant, 

Tfte hon. General A-mstrong> 
Secretary at War. 

We have had an intelligent deserter of the regi- 
ment of Canadian firtlcibles. He states* the enemy's 
force near us at 3,000 ; but when put to the detail, 
gave it as follows : 
13th regiment — two flank companies and part of a 



Muron's French regiment, two*" flank compa- 

Canadian fehcibles, colonel Robertson, 

C'olorfel Shaburry's command, voltiguers and 
Indians and some fencibles, 

Two battalions incorporated militia, 




Tiie whole commanded by col. Williams, 2,100 

Sir George had gone along to Montreal. ^He 

brought down thirty-six boats and about 600 troops, 
included in, the above. 

Sac'kett's Harbor, October 16, 1813. 
Dear general — Your favor of the 12th ultimo has 
been handed to me by major Parker. The Niagara 
frontier has been slow in its movements. It has at 
length reached Henderson's harbor, and moves this 
day to Grenadier island, whither the division here is 
moving also. Prom this point (Grenadier island,) 
we take our departure either for Kingston or for 
Montreal. The enemy broke up his positions before 
fort George on the 9tli, burned his surplus stores, 
a--iui, IcCt and moved rapidly for Burlington bay, 
which he reached on Ibe 11 th instant. Advices from 
the bay of Cauti state, that he is coming down to 
Kifogbton, and that his sick and convalescent, to the 
-umber of 1200, had already arrived there. lie will 
bring with him about 1,500 effectives, and thanks 
to the storm and our snail-like movements down the 
iake, they will be there before we can reach it. The 
■"\anavvre ifltetid&d is lost, so far as regards Kings- 
ton. What v/e now do against that place must be 
done by hard blows and at some risk. The impor- 
tance of the object may, however, justify the means. 
Tn the other case, (an immediate descent of the St. 
Lawrence) the army will make its way to the isle 
Ferrot, whence We shall immediately open a commu- 
nication with you. Under these circumstances you 
WiH approach the mouth of the Chnteavge ar other 

Yours, Sec. 

JMajor-general Hampton. 

Hea<J-quarttTs, Four Corners, Nov. 1, 1813. 

Sir — On the morning of the 21st ultimo the army 
commenced its movement down the Chatcaugay, for 
the purpose, of placing itself in a situation which 
would enable it to fulfil its parts of the proposed 
combined operations on the St. Lawrence. 

An extensive wood of eleven of twelve miles in 
front, blocked up with felled timber, and covered 
by the Indians and light troops of the enemy, was a 
serious impediment to the arduous task of opening 
a road for the artillery and stores. Brigadier gene 
ral Izard with the light troops and one regiment oi 
the line, was detached early in the morning to turn 
these impediments in flank, and to seize on the more 
open country below, while the arm j', preceded by a 
strong working party, advanced, on a more circui- 
tous but practicable route for a road. The measure 
as will be seen by the report of brigadier genera' 
Izard, which I have the honor to inclose, completely 
succeeded, and the main body of the army reached 
the advanced position on the evening of the 22d.— i 
The 23d and 24th were employed in completing thei 
road and getting up the artillery and stores. 

I had arranged, at my departure, under the direc* 
tion of major Parker, a line of communication aij 
far up the St. Lawrence as Ogdensburg, for the pur 
pose of hastening to me the earliest notice of tin 
progress of our army dowft. I had surmountec 
twenty-four miles of the most difficult part of th 
route, and had in advance of me seven miles of opei 
country, but at the end of that distance commence*) I 
a wood of some miles in extent, which had bee 
formed into an entire abatis and filled by a succes J , 
sion of wooden breastworks, the rearmost of vvhic I 
were supplied with ordnance. In front of these dei j 
fences were placed the Indian force and light corp 
of the enemy, and in the rear all of his disposabl 
force. As the extent of this force depended upci 
his sense of danger on the St. Lawrence, it wss 
cause of regret that all communication from youij 
self or major Parker seemed to be at an end. M 
it was, however, believed that the enemy was hourly 
adding to his strength in this position, if free froi 
the apprehension of danger from above, an effoi 
was judged necessary to dislodge him, and if it su« 
ceeded, we should be in possession of a positio 
which we could hold as long as any doubts remain 
ed of what was passing above, and of the real pail 
to be assigned us. 

Our guides assured us of a shoal and practicabi I 
fording place, opposite the lower flank of the enemy- j 
defences, and that the wood on the opposite side I j 
the river, a distance of seven or eight miles, w I 
practicable for the passage of the troops. Colon 
Purdy with the light corps, and a strong body of i^ 1 
fantry of the line, was detached at an early hour P 
the night of the 25th to gain this ford by the morj. I 
ing, and to commence his attack in rear, and th, | 
was to be the signal for the army to fall on in fi-Qiji 
and it was believed the pass might be carried befok 
the enemy's distant troops could be brought forwajt 
to its support. 

1 had returned to my quarters from Purdy's colurf 
about 9 o'clock at night, when I found a Mr. Balj 




trirt, of the quarter master general's department, 
who put iu my hands an open paper containing in- 
structions to him from the quarter master general, 
respecting" the building 1 of huts for the army in the 
Chateaugav, below the line. This paper sunk my 
hopes, and raised serious doubts of receiving that 

efficacious support which had been anticipated. 7 j awaits the order oi* the 
would have recalled the column, but it was in mo- 
tion, and the darkness of the night rendered it im- 
practicable. I could only go forward. The army was 
put in motion on the morning of the 26th, leaving 
its baggage, &c. on the ground of encampment. 

On advancing near the enemy, it was found that 

the column on the opposite side was not as far ad- 
vanced as had been anticipated. The guides had 

misled it, and finally failed in finding the ford. We 

Could not communicate with it, but only awaited the 

attack below. About 2 o'clock the firing commenced, 

and our troops advanced rapidly to the attack. The 

enemy's light troops commenced a sharp fire, but 

brigadier general Izard advanced with his brigade, 

drove him every where behind his defences and si- 
lenced the fire in his front. This brigade would 

have pushed forward as far as courage, skill and 

perseverance could have carried it ; but on advanc- 
ing, it was found that the fiVing had commenced on 

the opposite side, and the ford had not been gained. 
The enemy retired behind his defences, but a re- 
newal of his attack was expected, and their troops 

remained some time in their position to meet it. The 

troops on the opposite side were excessively fatigued. 

The enterprise had failed in its main point, and colo- 
nel Purdy was ordered to withdraw his column to a 

shoal four or five miles above, and cross over. The 

day was spent, and general Izard was ordered to 

withdraw his brigade to a position three miles in the 

rear, to which place the baggage had been ordered 

The slowness and order with which general Izard 

retired with his brigade, could but have inspired the 

enemy with, respect. They presumed not to venture 

a shot at him during his movement; but the unguard- 

edness of some part of Purdy's command exposed 

him to a rear attack from the Indians, which was re- 
peated after dark, and exposed him to some loss. — 

These attacks were always repelled, and must have 

cost the enemy as many lives as we lost. Our entire 

loss of killed, wounded and missing, does not exceed 

fifty. In its new position within three miles of the 

enemy's post, the, army encamped on the night of 

the 26th, and remained until 12 o'clock of the 28th. 

AU the deserters, of whom there were four, having 

concurred in the information that sir George Prevost, 

with three other general officers, had arrived with 

the whole of his disposable force, and lay in the rear 

of these defences, and a letter from major Parker 
(by express received in the evening of the 26th) hav- 
ing informed me that no movements of our army 
down the St. Lawrence had been heard of at Ogdens- 
bu-g, and for some distance above; the following 
questions were submitted to the commanding offi- 
cers of brigades, regiments and corps, and the 
heads of the general Staff, in a council convened for 
the purpose: *'Is it adviseable, under existing cir- 
cumstances, to renew the attack on the enemy's po- 
sition, and if not, what position is it adviseable for 
tiie army to take, until it can receive advices of the 
advance of the grand army down the St. Lawrence?" 
The opinion of the council was expressed in the fol- 
lowing words : 

" It is the unanimous opinion of this council, that 
it is necessary, for the preservation of this army and 
the fulfilment of the ostensible views of the govern- 

ment, that we immediately return by orderly march- 
es to such a position (Chateaugav)" as w ill secure 
our communications with the United States, either 
to retire into winter quarters or to be ready to strike 
below." In pursuance of this opiniwn the army has 
returned by slow marches to this place, and now 
overnment. Its condition 
will be stated by the bearer, colonel King, who can 
give you, upon every point, more full and perfect 
information, than could be contained in a written, 

I have the honor to W, 
With great respect, 
Your obedient servant, 

The lion. John Armstrong, 
vecretaiy of war. 

District No. 9, stven miles above Ogdensburg, 

Noven iber 6, 1813— in the evening. 
Sin — I address you at the special instance of the 
secretary of war, who by bad roads, worse weather, 
and ill health, was diverted from meeting me neat* 
this place, and determined to tread back his steps 
to Washington from Antwerp on the 29th ultimo. 

I am destined to, and determined on the attack of 
Montreal, if not prevented by some act of God ; and 
to give security to the enterprize, the division undei* 
your command must co-operate with the corps under 
my immediate orders. The point of rendezvous is 
the circumstance of greatest interest to. the issue of 
this operation, and the distance which separates us, 
and my ignorance of the practicability of the direGt 
or devious roads or routes on which you must march, 
make it necessary that your own judgment should 
determine that point. To assist you in forming the 
soundest determination and to take the most prompt 
and effectual measures, I can only inform you of my 
intentions and situation in one or two respects of firfet 
importance. I shall pass Prescott to-wight, because 
the stage of the season will not allow me three days 
to take it; shall cross the cavalry at Hambleton, 
which will not require a day, and shall then press 
forward and break down every obstruction to the 
confluence of this river with Grand river, there to- 
cross to the isle Perrot, and with my scows to bridge 
the narrow inner channel, and thus obtain foothold 
on Montreal island, at about twenty miles from the 
city; after which, our artillery, bayonets and swords 
must secure our triumph or provide us honorable 
graves. Inclosed you have a memorandum of my 
field and battering train, pretty well found in fixed 
ammunition, which may enable you to dismiss your 
own,but we are deficient in loose powder and musket 
cartridges, and therefore hope you may be abundant- 
ly found. On the subject of provisions, I wish I could 
give as favorable information ; our whole stock of 
bread may be computed at about 15 days, and our 
meat at 20- In speaking on this subject to the se- 
cretary of war, he informed me that ample maga-r 
zines were laid up on lake Champlain, and therefore 
I must request you to order forward two or three 
months supply by the safest route in a direction to 
the proposed scene of action. I have submitted the 
state of our provisions to my geueral officers, who 
unanimously agree that it should no£ prevent the 
progress of the expedition : and they also agree in 
opinion, that if you are not in force to face the ene- 
my you should meet us at St. Regis, or its Vicinity. 

I shall expect to hear from, if not to see yon, at 
that place on the 9th or 10th instant. 

And have the honor to be respectfully, &c. 

J AS. WffiKJNSQft 
To mnji)r>g< < neral'W~ ffawffiort M &e~ 


P. S. I was preparing an express which I should 
have despatched to-morrow but for the fortunate 
call of colonel King 1 . 

A copy, * 

* JOIIX HOOMES, Aid-de-camp. 

Head-Quarters Four Corners, November 8, 1813. 

Sin— » had the honor to receive, at a late hour last 
evening, by colonel King, your communication of the 
6th, and was deeply impressed with the sense of re- 
spu^oiVvUity it imposed of deciding 1 upon the means 
of our co-oper.iunn. 

The idea suggested as the opinion of your officers, 
of effecting the junction at St. Regis, was most pleas- 
ing, as being the most immediate, until I came to 
the disclosure of the amount of your supplies of 
provision. Colonel Atkinson will explain the reasons 
that would have rendered it impossible for me to 
have brought more than each man could have car- 
ried upon his back ; and, when 1 reflected that, in 
throwing myself upon your scanty means, I should 
be weakening you in your most vulnerable point, I 
did not hesitate to adopt the opinion, after consult- 
ing the general and principal officers, that by throw- 
ing mvself back on my main depot, where all the 
means of transportation had gone, and falling upon 
the enemy's flank, and straining every effort to open 
a communication from Plattsburgh to Cognawaga,or 
anv other point you may indicate on the St. Law- 
vence, I should more effectually contribute to your 
success than by the junction at St. Regis. 

The way is, in many places, blockaded and abatis- 
od, and the road impracticable for wheels during 
winter ; but by the employment of pack-horses, if I 
am not overpowered, I hope to be able to prevent 
your starving. 

I have ascertained and witnessed the plan of the 
enemy is to burn and consume every thing in our ad- 

My troops and other means will be described to 
vou bv colonel Atkinson. Besides their rawness, and 
sickliness, they have endured fatigues equal to a 
winter campaign in the late snows and bad weather, 
and are sadly dispirited and fallen off; but, upon 
this subject I must refer you to colonel Atkinson. 

With these means, what can be accomplished by 
human exertion, I will attempt, with a mind devoted 
to the general objects of the campaign. 

A copv, 

JOHN HOOMES, Aid-de-camp. 
To major-general Wilkinson. 

I lead-Quarters, Plattsburg, November 12, 1813. 
Sih — I have the honor to inclose a copy of a letter 
T have received from general Wilkinson, and of my 
reply. The forage at Chateaugy had been nearly 
consumed before the expedition down the river ; 
and in return of the army, enough only could be 
found to subsist the horses and teams two or three 
days. All accounts concurred in the report, that 
ireneral Wilkinson had not commenced his opera- 
tions against Kingston, and that no descent down 
the river was intended. Hence, the necessity for 
sending off the cavalry, artillery, and provision teams 
to Plattsburg for subsistence ; and hence also, the 
impossibility of a junction at St. Itegis with more 
provisions than must have been consumed on the 
march to that place. General Wilkinson had no 
.spare transportation for us ; and the junction would 
have reduced the stock of provisions to eight or ten 
days for the whole. The alternative was adopted 
iu, dor the impression of absolute necessity. 

The army lias approached on this route to the 
road leading to Chazy, a few miles from the lines, 
x'here 1 si;;rll join it to-night. I can only repeat what' 

I said in my letter to general Wilkinson, "that \vha£ 
can be accomplished by human exertion shall be at- 
tempted to meet the objects of the campaign.'* Bxtt 
I should be uncandid not to own, that many cir- 
cumstances are unpropitkms. The force is dropping 
off by fatigue and sickness to a most alarming extent. 
My return's yesterday, report the effectives at little 
more than half their original state at Chateaugy ; 
and, which is more discouraging, the officers with a 
few honorable exceptions, are sunk as low as the 
soldiers, and endure hardship and privation as 1 idly. 
In a word, since the shew, produced by clothing,, 
movements, Sec. has worn off, all have assumed their 
native rawness. Fatigue and suffering from the 
weather have deprived them of that spirit, which 
constituted my best hopes. W T hat confidence can 
the best officer (and I have a few surpassed by none) 
feel under such circumstances ? It is painful to hold 
up to you this picture, but it is but too faithfully 

The quarter-master-general has been ordered t& 
procure on hire 400 waggons, and I shall attempt to 
open a communication on the direct route from the 
town of Champlain. Success, under the circumstan- 
ces I have mentioned, must depend upon the efforts 
and force opposed to me. The demonstration, haw- 
ever, can but produce a partial good. 

On the route I took, the enemy burnt and con- 
sumed every thing before him, and this I understand' 
to be his general plan. If the same course precede 
the advance of general Wilkinson, and my feeble 
force should be foiled, the consequences are much 
to be dreaded. But the Rubicon is now passed, and 
all that remains is to push for the capitol. 

I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your 
most obedient servant, 

General John Armstrong, 
secretary of war. 

Extract of a letter from major-general Hampton t® 

the secretary of war, dated 

ChaZey, November 15, 1813. 

" I have the honor to enclose you the copy of a 
letter I received the last evening from general Wil- 
kinson, by colonel Atkinson, whom I had sent to him 
for the purpose of settling the plan of our proposed 
joint operations. Of the consistency of this letter 
with that of the 6th instant, and my answer, or of 
the insinuation it contains, I shall say nothing. Upon 
so plain a case, and an attempt so unworthy the oc- 
casion, common sense will afford every explanation 
I could wish. I shall make the necessary arrange* 
ments for placing the troops in winter quarters, and 
commence my journey to the^southward." 

Head-Quarters, Near Cornwall, (U. C.) November 12, 181S. 

Sir — I this day had the honor to receive your 
letter of the 8th instant by colonel Atkinson, and 
want language to express my sorrow for your de- 
termination not to join the division under your •• 
command with the troops under my immediate or- ! 

As such resolution defeats the grand objects of jj 
the campaign in this quarter, which, before the re- i 
ceiptof your letter, were thought to be completely j! 
within our power, no suspicion being entertained jf 
that you would decline the junction directed, it will If 
oblige us to take post at the French Mills, on Sal-| 
mou river, or in their vicinity, for the winter. 

I have the honor to be, respectfully, sir, your most jl 
obedient servant. 

Major General Hampton. 




No. 4 of vol. VI.] 

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, March 26, 1814. 

[whole no. 134 

Hxc olim memirusse jwvabit. — Viiigil. 

Printed and published by H. Niles, South-st. next door to the Merchants' Coffee House, at # 5 per 

Public Documents 


Correspondence between the secretary of war and 

major-general Wilkinson. 
Submitted to the president by the secretary of war, on 
the i3d July, and communicated to general Wilkin- 
kinson on the 5th of August, 1813. 
The time at which we have reason to expect an 
ascendancy on lake Ontario has arrived. If our 
hopes on that head be fulfilled, though but for a 
short period, we mast avail ourselves of the circum- 
stance, to give to the campaign a new and increased 

For this purpose our forces on the Ontario should 
be concentrated, because neither section of them, as 
they are now divided, is competent to any great 

The point of concentration is more doubtful .- 
1st. If at fort George, our utmost success can but 
give us the command of the peninsula, which if 
general Harrison succeeds against Maiden, will 
be of diminished interest, both to us and to the 
enemy: to us, because Maiden will more com- 
pletely cover our western frontier and control the 
savages than forts George and Erie : to the enemy, 
because Maiden lost, our inroad upon the penin- 
sula, will but have the effect of shortening, not of 
dividing, the enemy's line of operations ; in a 
word, success at this point will not give to the 
campaign a character of decisive advantage. 
2d. If on the other hand, we make Sackett's Harbor 
the point of Concentration, Kingston may become 
the object of our attack, which by the way, will 
but be returning to the original plan of campaign, 
precribed to general Dearborn. This place is of 
much importance to the enemy, and will no doubt 
be defended by him with great obstinacy, and 
with all the resources which can be safely drawn 
from other points. That it may be taken by a 
joint application of our naval and military means;, 
is not however to be questioned. The enclosed 
diagram will show the number and character of 
the enemy's defences. His batteries on No. 1, 
cannot be sustained but by his fleet; These car- 
ried, he is open to a descent at No. 2 and 3. If he 
divides his force between both, we oppose one 
half of his strength with the whole of ours. If 
he concentrates at No. 2, we seize No. 3, and com- 
mand both the town and the shipping. If he con- 
centrates at No. 3, we occupy No. 2, and with 
itearly the same results. 

Cotemporary with this movement, another may be 
kftadeon the side of lake Champlain, indicating an 
intention of attacking Montreal and its dependen- 
cies, and really attacking them, if to save Kings- 
ion, these posts have been materially weakened; 
W. Another and different operation, to which our 
means are competent, would be a movement from 
Sackett's Harbor to Madrid on the St. Lawrence. 
At this place the river may be most easily crossed. 
The ground opposite to it is a narrow bluff, skirt- 
ed by the river on one side and a swamp of great 
extent and of difficult passage ou the other.-— 
Vot. VI 

This gained and fortified, our fleet continuing lo 
command the water line from the head of the ri- 
ver to Ogdensburg, and lake St. Francis occu- 
pied with a few gun boats and barges, the army 
may march against Montreal, in concert with ge- 
neral Hampton. The only natural difficulty to 
the execution of this plan, would be presented Ly 
a branch of the Grand river which must be cross- 
ed ; but at this season, though deep, it is belie sd 
to be fordable. 

Under the preceding supposition it is respectfully 
submitted, whether it will not be most advisable to 
make Sackett's Harbor the point of concentration 
and leave to the commanding general an election (to 
be determined by circumstances) between the two 
plans suggested under the 2d and 3d heads. 

Approved and adopted 23d July, 1813. 

Washington, August 6, 1813. 

I have examined the projects of the campaign in- 
tended for the past and ensuing stages of it, on the- 
side of Oanada, which you put into my hands yes- 
terday. The novelty of the subject to me, and the 
pressure of time, will prevent the deliberate consi- 
deration of it which its importance merits ; and 
therefore I shall confine myself to a few brief obser- 
vations touching the project of the 23d ult. 

1st. If we command lake Ontario (without which 
the project is impracticable,) and our force be com- 
petent to carry Kingston, the incorporation of our 
troops should take place at Sackett's Harbor, and 
the attack be made as promptly as possible; 

2d On the contrary, should our combined disposa- 
ble force be deemed incompetent to the certain and 
speedy reduction of Kingston, then it may be pre- 
ferable to strengthen our force at fort Georgej cut up 
the British force in that quarter, destroy the Indian 
establishments, and (should general Harrison fail int 
his objects) march a detachment to capture Maiden, 

While these operations are pending; a bold feint 
or provisional attack on Montreal, by major-general 
Hampton, will certainly call sir George Prevost to 
that places and it is presumable, that seeing our 
movements directed towards Erie, he may carry his 
best troops with hrm from Kingston. 

These suggestions spring from my desire to ha- 
zard as little as possible in the outset, arid to se- 
cure infallibly whatever may be attempted, witlh the 
intention to increase our own confidence, to dimi- 
nish that of the enemy, and to popularise the war. 

After our operations on the peninsula have been 
closed, we may raze the works there under vour 
provisions, leave our settlements on the strait in 
tranquility* and like lightning must direct our 
whole force against Kingston ; and having reduced 
that place, and captured the shipping, we may de- 
scend the stream, and-4prm a junction with the 
column of general Hampton in the neighborhood of 
Montreal; should the lateness of the season permit^, 
by which all our movements after the conquest of 
Upper Canada must be governed; 

To give general Hampton's movements a mena- 
cing 1 aspect, and to enable him to profit by events, 
he should take with him a heavy train of battering 
cannon and inovtar pieces* which wil) be found iilf 


en that place, and to favor a protracted season 
WOlil t advise that a heavy column of militia or vo- 
lunteers, if engaged for three months only, should 
be put in motion from the vicinity of lake Mem 
phramagog, to descend the river St. "Francis, and 
take post on the right bank of lake St. Petre, with 
a battering train of travelling carriages, organized 
and equipped either to keep post or retire when the 
season or other circumstances should render expe- 

Before I close this letter, I will beg- leave to call 
your attention to several specific points, on which ] 
require information and authority, which I deem es 
sentialto the salutary discharge of the high and so 
lemn trust about to devolve upon me. 

1st. A copy of the instructions to major-general 
Hampton, for my government in the correspondence 
to e lsue between us. 

2 1. Shall I be allowed a private secretary, which 
is necessary, and of right belongs to the command 
on which I am about to enter P 

3d. I require permission to take for my aids-de- 
cimp such CifhVers as are best fitted to discharge 
the important du'ies of the station. 

4th. I ask authority (or is it understood that I 
possess it ) to supply every defect of the munitions 
of war and transport by land or water by means of 
the, authorised agents. 

5th. I entreat that ample funds may be deposit- 
ed in proper hands, to give effect to the department 
of intelligence, without which the chief will find 
himself hood-winked. 

6th. I trust no order of whatever nature will be 
passed to any officer under my command, but 
through my hands. This is not only necessary to 
the regular conduct of the public service, but it 
is vitally essential to the preservation of sound sub- 
ordination, and is comformable to the rules of ser- 
vfCs in all armies, inasmuch as he who is responsi- 
ble for all should have the control of all. 

7th. I hope I may be expressly authorised to de- 
tach from my command all persons who may mani- 
fest a temper or dispositions to excite discontents, 
to generate factions, or imbitter the service. This 
is indispensable to put down seditious spirits, and 
to harmonise the corps. 

8th. Should we move against Kingston in the first 
instance, the withdrawal of our force from fort 
George will enable the enemy to re-occupy that point, 
and for a brief period to harras our frontier on that 
strait. May not the militia or a body of volunteers 
be called forth to relieve the regular troops at that 
place, and prevent discontents and complaints. 

9lb. For the maintenance of the necessary autho- 
rity of the chief, it is hoped the secretary of war 
will decline and forbid all correspondence with his 
subordinate officers, except in cases of personal 

10th. I beg to be advised of the means of commu- 
nication between, our military positions, and parti- 
cularly from Sackett's Harbor to Burlington, which 
.should be rapid and infallible. 

11th. I ask authority to equip the whole of our 
horse artillery, and to mount the whole of our dra- 
goons, because these arms will be found all impor- 
tant in every combat which may ensue. 

A serious impression of the dread responsibility 
w'iiicli avails mo, and a correct sense of the public 
ctation which accompanies me, must be my 
apology for giving you .so much trouble. 

With perfect respect, I have the honor to be, sir, 
your obedient servant, 

!i<rfc.jQhn.drmrj---b v rv, Sec'ry at War . 

War Department, August 9, 181?. 

Sin — I have given to your observations of the 6th 
instant all the consideration they so justly merit. 

The main objection to any plan, which shall car- 
ry our operations wide of Kingston and westward of 
it, is, that in the event of its success, it leaves the 
strength of the enemy unbroken ; it but wounds the 
ftztfof the lion, and of course, is not calculated to 
hasten the termination of the war, either by increas- 
ing our own vigor, or by diminishing that of the 
enemy. Kingston is the great depot of his resources, 
and so long as he retains this and keeps open his 
communication with the sea, he will not want the 
means of multiplying his naval and other defences, 
and of reinforcing or renewing the Avar in the west, 
Kingston therefore, as well on grounds of policy as 
of military principle, presents the first and great ob- 
ject of the campaign. 

There are two ways of approaching this ; by di- 
rect, or by indirect attack : by breaking down the 
enemy's battalions and forcing his works — or by 
seizing and obstructing the line of his communica- 
tion, and thus drying up the sources by which he is 
nourished and maintained. Circumstances must go- 
vern in choosing between these different modes.— 
Were our assembled land and naval forces compe- 
tent to the object, a direct attack would no doubt 
be the shorter and better way ; but if, on the con- 
trary, our strength be inferior, or hardly equal to 
that of the enemy, the indirect attack must be pre- 
ferred. These considerations have suggested the 
third plan, to be found in my note of the 23d ultimo. 
To give execution to this, I would collect my force 
at the head of the St. Lawrence, make every demon- 
stration of attacking Kingston, proceed rapidly down 
the river, seize the northern bank at the village of 
Hamilton, leave a corps to fortify and to hold it, 
march upon Montreal with the main body^ effect 
there a junction with Hampton, and take a position 
which shall enable you to secure what you gain. On 
this plan, the navy would perform its part by occu- 
pying the mouth of the river, and preventing a pur- 
suit by water ; by clearing the river of the armed 
boats of the enemy ; by holding, with its own, the 
passage at Hamilton, and by giving support to that 
position. If the enemy pursues, it must be by land, 
without subsistence, (excepting what he carries on 
his back) and without artillery. If he remains sta- 
tionary, his situation must soon become even more 
serious, as the country in which he is cannot long 
subsist him. It will then but remain for him to fight 
his way to Quebec, to perish in the attempt, or to 
lay down his arms. After this exposition, it is un- 
necessary to add, that in conducting the present 
campaign, you will make Kingston your primary ob- 
ject, and that you will choose (as circumstances- may 
warrant) between a direct aj>d indirect attack upon 
that post. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, sir, 
your most obedient servant, 

Major-general Wilkinson, 

commanding district No. 9. 

War Department, August 9, 1313. . 

Sin— In answer to that part, of your letter of the 
6th instant, which calls for information, &c. on cer- 
tain enumerated points, I have the honor to state : 
1st. That general Hampton's instructions go only to 

assemble and organize his division at Burlington. 

It is intended he shall operate contemporarily 

with you, and under your orders, in prosecution of 

the plan of campaign which has been given to you, 

2d. The senior major general commanding the prin- 

cipal a rim is entitled to the services of a private 




3d. The ordnance and other departments of supply 
within the district (No. 9.) are subject of course 
to your orders. 

4[th. The quarter-master general of the army will 
supply the funds'. for secret service. 

5th. All orders to subordinate officers pass from the 
war department to the adjutant-general, to br 
communicated by him to the general commanding 
the district in which such subordinate officer may 

fith. No specific permission is necessary for remov- 
ing fictious or disorderly men. All such will pro- 
perly become subjects of the confidential reports 
to be made by inspectors. " To detach such men 
from one district to another, is only shifting the 
evil; t.iie better way is to report them for disinis- 

711). If the corps at fort George be recalled, the 
works should be razed or occupied by a force 
competent to hold it against an assault. There is 
a corps of militia and volunteers (to whom the 
Six Nation Indians have associated themselves) at 
Hock, which may be kept in service. They 
aire c a mmanded by general Porter and Mr. Par- 
[3ee the confidential letter of general 
pdrteq enclosed.] 

: ^e secretary of war will decline and forbid 
improper communications, and particularly 
such as may bear any color of insubordination. 

9th„ besides the ordinary mode of communication 
by mail, expresses may be employed in extraor- 
dinary cases. 

lOth. The dragoon and light artillery corps shall be 
made efficient. Horses may be bought for both. 
An offieer from each corps should be directed to 
superintend the purchases. Price (average) not 
to exceed 120 dollars. 
I have the honor to be, with great respect, sir, 

your most obedient servant, 


Jtfajor general Wilkinson^ 

commanding the northern army. 

Sackett's Harbor, August 2J,st, X813. 

Sir — I arrived here yesterday: my machinery is in 
motion, and,I have strong hopes of giving the change 
to sir George wich will lead directly to the object 
of first importance. 

Commodore Chauncey is in port here and his an- 
tagonist, sir James Yeo, at Kingston. In the late 
interviews, between these naval commanders the 
first has zealously sought a combat, which the lat- 
ter has cautiously avoided; the superiority on the 
lake therefore remains still to be settled; but I have 
Chauncey's assurance for it and place much confi- 
dence in his word; it is obviously sir James' plan to 
decline a conflict ; but on what ground I cannot de- 

Our schooner here will be equipt and manned by 
Wednesday, and I sball.sail with the squadron for 
fort George probably the day after; I am endeaver- 
ing to draw sir George after me; but whether I suc- 
ceed in this attempt or not, should our men and 
rans answer report, and Heaven favor me, I will 
In possession of Kingston, or below that place 
on the 26th proximo. 

Major general Hampton must not budge until eve- 
ry thing is matured in this quarter, and we have 
either got possession of Kingston or have cut its 
communication with Montreal, of which I shall give 
trim seasonable advice, via Pittsburgh, where I 
shall calculate on his arrival the 20th of the ensu- 
ing month completely equipt for a forward move- 
ment. If he changes" his position and shows his 
«Q*umfi west of the lake sooner,. it might cjyry sit 

George to Montreal and produce precautions which 
might otherwise be neglected until too late for any 
salutary effect. 

The militia called forth by governor Tompkins, 
of which by the bye you gave mc no information, 
should not be arrayed before lie hears from me at 
tort George, became the assembly of such a body 
would increase the alarm and put all Canada in 
counter motion, while incidents beyond the control 
of man may intervene to procrastinate my move- 
ments and thus battle the effects of the proposed 
co operation on the side of Vermont: should a enrps 
of militia be drawn from thence, no movement 
should be made by them, until general Hampton 
has crossed Champlain. 

It would be highly interesting to the public ser- 
vice and extremely acceptable to me to see you at 
Niagara, from whence, should I find it practicable, 
it is my intention to commence my movement down 
the lake, about the 15th of next month; the best 
possible disposition for the safety of that frontier, 
and for the security of the vast mass of ordnance 
and stores which 1 must leave there, may rendeu 
your advice and authority indispensably necessary 
to avert clamors and prevent any obstruction to my 
prompt movement. 

With high consideration and respect, I am, sir, 
your obedient servant, JAMES WILKINSON. 
Hon. John Armstrong, Sec'ry of War. 

Sackett's Harbov, August 26, 1S13* 

Sir — Chauncey will go out, he says, to-morrow or 
next day to seek sir James. I see the necessity of 
settling the point of ?Mval superiority before we 
commit ourselves, and therefore, the decision can- 
not be had too soon. In the mean time the essential 
arrangements progress, and if the means can be 
mustered, they will ensure the end. 

I fear Yeo will avoid a contest to spin out the 
campaign, and gain time for reinforcements, and 
the organization of militia; but if be will not come 
out, we must blockade him. I go for Niagara the 
moment our arrangements are matured here. Sir 
George has actually gone for the head of the lake 
with a reinforcement. To prevent his playing tricks 
with Boyd, I have sent him (Boyd) the note of 
which you have a copy. 

On Saturday, 21st, one hundred and sixty regular 
troops ascended by Ogdensburg to Kingston, and on 
the 23d and 24th, they were followed by five hun- 
dred highlanders in their kelts, who conducted up 
one hundred boats: thus we see that this quarter at- 
tracts chief attention. All my efforts will be made 
to induce sir George to draw after him a chief part 
of the garrison ot Kingston, which must now be 
hear five thousand strong. The situation of Proc^ 
tor and the irruption of our Indians have gone far to 
excite these dispositions. Meet me at Niagara, if 
possible, and for God's sake press on the recruits 
from Albany and the southward,, and send me 
Wa^lsworth, Swift, Fenwick, and Izard. All things 
go well here, and thank God, + he men are re*- 
covering rapidly. I hear not a word from Hampton, 
I hope he does not mean to take the stud; but if sq 
we cart do without him, and he should be sent home- 
Truly yours, 

General Armstrong, secretary of war. 

Sackett's llaibor, August 30, 181S. 
Extract of a letter from ^major-general Wilkinson. f<? 
the secretary trf -war. 
Sir — With every exertion he could make, it was 
not until the last evening, Chauncey got underway, 
and the weather being calm, foe must be now ofF(|Hfs 



Agreeably to my information, sir James Yeo sailed 
Pofr tbe hea<J of the lake the 22nd inst. with the two 
captured schodners in addition to his squadron, no 
doubt to co-operate with sir George, but did not get 

clear of the Ducks before the 25th. 

Brigadier general Boyd is warned of this move- 
ment, and being" placed en his guard, he ought to 
baffle every enterprise of the enemy — what an awful 
crisis have I reached. If sir George beats Boyd, and 
sir James, Chauncejr, my prospects are blasted, and 
the campaign will, I fear, be lost. If sir George 
beats Bovd, and Chauncey beats sir James, Kingston 
yet mav be ours; but should both the knights be 
beaten," and our quarter-master can find transport 
10 season (of which I have fears, as I found next to 
none here) then we shall certainly winter in Mon- 
treal, if not discomfitted by tome act of God. If I 
could have mustered three thousand combatants on 
this ground, with transport to bear them, I would 
now have been before Kingston, where sir George 
has left only one thousand five hundred regular 
troops, and about five hundred militia; but our ut- 
most force is short of two thousand five hundred, 
as you will perceive from the enclosed return, and 
we could not have found boats to transport one thou- 

Tiie enemy having determined to change his sys- 
tem of operations from defence to offence, is as- 
sembling his whole disposable force at the head of 
the lake to attack fort George; thus placing himself 
at too great a distance from Montreal to give season- 
able succor to that city: he certainly presumes on 
our imbecility and we as certainly should take ad- 
vantage of his presumption. 

The militia cdled for should therefore be imme- 
diately arrayed and marched to this frontier, and 
major general Hampton should without delay cross 
the Champlain, and commence his movements to- 
wards St. Johns, taking the isle au Naux in his route 
or not, as circumstances may justify. 

Four thousand of the best appointed yeomanry 
should be ordered to rendezvous at Hamilton, on 
the St. Lawrence, for eventful operations with this 
division; and the residue may accompany or follow 
Hampton, to draw the militia of Montreal and the 
disposable force of the lower country to the east of 
the St. Lawrence, and thereby make the island an 
easv conquest from this quarter. 

Sir George Prevost it would se§m has taken his 
part, and deluded by the hope of reconquest, has 
abandoned his rear to our enterprise, and we might 
now without the co-operation of our squadron, safe- 
ly occupy Madrid, and cut the communication of the 
two provinces with this division only, if we had 
transports; but of this we are totally destitute, eve- 
ry boat we command here being at this tim6 absent 
with a detachment of eight hundred men, ordered to 
make a feint to the westward under pretence of re- 
inforcing Niagara before I was apprised of sir 
George's movements. 

Saekett's Harbor, Aug. 30, 1813, 5 o'clock P. M. 

Siu — I have commenced, barely, the arrangement 
of the department of intelligence; an intelligencer 
'left Kingston or its vicinity, last evening to tell me 
that sir George Prevost had commenced his opera- 
tions against Boyd, and had driven in his piquets 
arid taken sixty or seventy prisoners, but had been 
repulsed from his line of encampment. The militia 
of Montreal are at Kingston, and reinforcements by 
single hundreds are arriving frequently; four hun- 
dfad men are expected in the course of the week. , 

The force at Kingston is 2000 men (regulars 
1500, militia 500.) Major general Darrach com- 
mands, and they are assiduously strengthening their 
^ork*. 6k James Yeo sailed with six weeks pro- 

visions, expressly to co-operate with sir Goorge at 
the head of the lake; a double battle and a doublet 
victory offer a strong temptation; but I will not be 
diverted from my course. 

1 have written governor Tompkins on the subject 
of a draft of militia for the strait of Niagara, to 
supply the absence of our troops of the line and 
prevent clamor, but have not been so happy as to 
receive an acknowledgment of my letter. 

The /ion. John Armstrong s 
secretary of war. 

War department, Sept. 6, 1313, Saekett's Harbor. 

Dear general — I arrived here yesterday. Nothing 
new, excepting that Prevost has returned to Kings- 
ton. General Hampton will go through the cam- 
paign cordially and vigorously, but will resign at 
the end of it. He will be ready to move by the 20th. 
with an effective regular force of 4,000, and a mili- 
tia detachment of 1,500. On the supposition that 
sir George had decidedly taken his part, and had 
chosen the peninsula as his champ de bataille, I had 
ordered Hampton to move immediately against the 
isle aux Noix. 2,000 militia will be promtly assem- 
bled at Champion, twenty -four miles from this place*,, 
and on the route to the St. Lawrence. The place 
was selected, as offering two objects, and of course 
leaving his knightship to guests. To have pushed 
them directly to Ogdensburgh, would not have had 
that advantage. A larger draft would have been 
difficult. Another view of the subject is that this 
part of the plan cannot be confided to militia exclu- 
sively; they must be propped by a regular corps, 
otherwise the back door may not be sufficiently clo- 
sed and barred. 

The battle on the lake! Shall we have one? If 
Yeo fights and is beaten, all will be will. If he does 
not fight, the result may also be favorable. 
Yours cordially, 

General Wilkinson. 
Extract of a letter from major-general Wilkinson t& 

the secretary of tear, dated fort George, 11th Sep" 

teiiber, 1813. J 

"I have indulged the hope for several days past 
that I should have been enabled to address you in 
propria persons, but in this 1 have been baffled by a 
severe and unremitting malady which obliges me to 
resort to the pen of a common friend. 

"I reached this place the evening of the 4th. 
Commodore Chauncey at that time occupied the 
harbor; and sir James Yeo with the British squadron 
was vaporing in front of it. This state of things con= 
tinued without any material change, until the even- 
ing of the 7th, when a light land breeze gave to 
the commodore an opportunity of standing out to 
meet the enemy. The two squadrons were about two 
leagues asunder, of consequence an action appeared 
inevitable: yet so it has happened, that, since that 
period, until about five o'clock, yesterday, P. M. 
these two naval armaments have kept from four to 
eight miles distant, without having exchanged a 
single shot, or done to each other the smallest visi- 
ble damage. The British uniformly on the retreat, 
and the American in pursuit. 

"General Peter B. Porter left me to day, properly 
authorised and instructed to bring into operation a 
corps of the Six Nation Indians, which he proposes 
to increase to 1000 men, by volunteers from the 
militia, and Is disposed to be busy and active wher- 
ever he may be directed. 

"I hoar nothing of brigadier general M'Clure, and 
the New-York militia. 1 shall mature my plans for 
embarkation, as rapidly as the difficulties which 
may oppose nit cun be matured; but we are greatlj 



deficient in transport, and have not received a single 
boat from Oswego or any other place. Strong shal- 
lops and slip-keels are necessary to the transport of 
tlie heavy cannon, ordnance stores, ammunition, 
clothing-, &c. £cc. 

"I am writing to Romford for many things wliich 
I was assured I should find here; and I pray you to 
put him on the alert, or I may be caught in the snow. 
I dictate this under much depression of head and 
stomach, and am, 

With great respect and esteem, your most obe- 
dient servant, JA. WILKINSON". 

Extract of a letter from general Wilkinson to the se- 
cretary of 'war ■, dated fort George, Sept. 16,1813. 
"I have escaped from my palet, and with a giddy 
head and trembling hand will endeavor to scrawl 
you a few lines, the first I have written since my 
arrival here. 

"With respect to the advance squadrons, we are 
still without one word of authentic information, but 
we are entertained by daily rumors as wild and ex- 
travagant as they are inconsistent and contradictory. 
I hope we may soon have an end of this state of 
uncertainty, which damps our exertions, and retards 
our measures. 

"The removal of the main body of the troops from 
this position is an operation of great delicacy and 
interest: and it was therefore your presence here 
would have been more important than elsewhere. 
"I am not authorised to abandon this useless oc- 
cupancy, and therefore it must be maintained against 
the united British force in its vicinity; to secure the 
end, and nothing must be hazarded, will require a 
serious drain from our best troops, which enfeebles 
our too feeble force for the main attack. The head 
of the militia under M'Clure has not yet shown it- 
self: when it does (if in any reasonable time), and 
we have conferred, I shall be better enabled to deve- 
lope the intricate path before me. But in the mean 
time, alas!' sir, the season will, I fear, be lost. 

"The indians enter inta our views with great zeal, 
and I look for a corps of at least five hundred men 
in eight days; whether to relieve de Rottenberg of 
five or six hundred of his effective men, before 1 turn 
my back on him, will be determined by considera- 
tions^ policy in relation to our red allies and the 
militia, and the fate of our squadrons. The enemy 
profess to day a total ignorance of the occurrence of 
an action between the squadrons. 

"In the course of sixteen days the enemy have lost 
sixty-five men by desertion, we barely six." We count 
4,600 on paper, and could show about 3,400 oom- 
batants. The enemy, from the best information we 
have, have about 3,000 men on paper, of whom 1,400 
are sick. Shall I make a sweep of them or not, at the 
hazard of our main object? Not unless that main ob- 
ject is jeopardized by the fate of our squadrons— it 
would require an operation of three weeks; but my 
views are forward, and I shall not abandon the pros- 
pect while a ray of hope remains. 

"I have received your letters to the 6th from Sack- 
ett's Harbor, and thank you for them. For your com- 
fort the men are gaining health, and with their 
officers, breathe an ardent spirit for combat." 

Extract of a letter from major-general Wilkinson to 

the secretary of war, dated fort George, Sept. 18, 


DEAn general,-— Accident detained the express 
last evening aud gives me an opportunity to drop 
you another line. 

Not a word more of Chauncey; what has become of 
him? I pray you decide, whether lam to move, with 
■ ithout any further knowledge of the squadron 

enemy expect tranquil winter quarters in tlfis 
neighborhood, for the numberof barracks proposed to 
be built will not receive more than 1,400 or 1,600 
men, including guards, ordinary and extraordinary . 
stow them as you can; but shall I have the enemy 
within four miles of this place, making a wide in- 
vestiture of it from Queenstown to Four Mile creek; 
or shall I break him up? with our prospects the dc> 
cision is embarrassing; change them to the abandon- 
ment of the chief design, and our course is direct, 
viz. to take possession at Burlington bay, and cut up 
or capture the whole division in this quarter, which 
may be estimated at 3,000 regular troops. I pray 
you to deliberate on these points and give me youp 
advice without delay. 

I have despatched an express to for general 

M'Clure, of whom I have heard nothing since my 
last; but to supply the defect of his silence, the 
enclosed copy of a communication from a committee 
of which P. B. Porter is chief, will fully suffice. I 
have responded in the most courteous terms, making 
I reference to you for your determination on the mo- 
mentous occasion, as you will perceive from my 
answer. Now let me intreat you to weigh these pro- 
positions, to take into consideration the possible fai • 
lure of the militia and the substitution in such case 
cf volunteers; for in the present crisis, we 
should, if possible, render "assurance doubly sure." 
The letter of David Rodman (a stranger) is aisc* 
transmitted for consideration: let me have your an- 
swer, and tell me how to act as speedily as possible,, 
I beseech. The boats from Oswego have not yet 

I am feeble to childhood, but shall look at the 
troops in battalion on Tuesday. 
Truly yours, 


The hon. John Armstrong, secretary of war. 

Fort George, September 13, 1813. 

Str, — I am ordered by general Wilkinson to for- 
ward the enclosed papers. One, a leter from a com- 
mittee of three, of which P. B. Porter is the first,- 
and the other a letter from Daniel Rodman, the or- 
gan of an association of residents in and near Ca- 

1 have the lrnnor to be, your most obedient ser- 
vant, H.LEE, jr. 

major of infantry and aid-de-eamp 
to major-general Wilkinson. 
The honorable J. Armstrong, 
secretary of tear. 

Black Roek, September 17, 1813.. 

Sin. — In consequence of encouragements from ge- 
neral Boyd, that a general and decisive movement 
w r as about to be- made by the army, and that an ad- 
ditional force was desirable, we repaired to fort 
G eorge about five weeks ago with 500 men, consist- 
ing of volunteers, militia and indians. Most of us 
remained there for twelve or fourteen days, but our 
hopes not being realized, the men continually dis- 
persed and went home,, not however without expec- 
tations, again encouraged by generals Boyd and Wil- 
liams, that we should be shortly called on again to 
aid in operations, which the people in this part of 
the country, so long harrassed by the calamities of 
war, feel, so stiong an interest in forwarding. Under 
similar expectations, many of our friends in the in* 
tenor have intimated to us their readiness to join 
with respectable reinforcements on the shortest no- 
tice : and we are informed that one company, about 
70 strong, is actually on its march, and will arrive 
here to-day or to-morrow. 

We are at this moment much at a loss how to act, 
and our difficulty is increased by the, various rumors 

From the enclosed No. 2, it would appear that the and conjectures 'circulated by the different officers 


dally arriving from head-quarters, some of whom order and authority. The lateness of 1 he season anc 
represent that no offensive operations are to be un- the anxiety of the members induce us to request an 
demken on this frontier, but that the regular army early and authoritative reply, that the association, 

is immediately to be marched, either to the east to 
to attack Kingston, or to the west to join general 
Harrison. Others state that an attack, ia to be made 
On the British forces in the vicinity of this place. 

Under these circumstances, we are induced to en- 
quire of you whether such a force as we have it in 
Our poww to raise is desired by you to effectuate 
your pi in6, and if so, in what numbers, and at what 
r:me ? U your object is to sally cut upon the enemy 
at fort George, we could bring you a respectable 
force. But, on the Contrary, if you meditate an 
attack at some other poiiit, and the withdrawal of 
the regular troops from fort George, and placing 
this frontier on the defensive only, by means of mi- 
litia, we would observe that our prepared force is of 
such a character as could not be engaged in this 

Upon the supposition that you intend to withdraw 
the regular troops from this frontier*, we beg leave 
to submit a proposition for your consideration. 

We believe we are not incorrect in saying that it 
ij quite as great % force to de 

would require nearly 

fend this line of frontier against^ given force of the 

enemy, as it would to attack and subdue, that enemy. 

George Prevost has ordered Hie militia of the 

upper province to be called out en 


are to assemble 


Saturday next. And if, after your 

departure, the enemy opposite here should take "it in 
hjs head to retain all his regular force, and play off 
his skill against the inexperience of our militia, we 
might have occasion to fear a repetition of former 
scenes in the present war. 

Our proposition (in case of your leaving this 
place) is, that we he permitted to raise between this 
and the first of October a- volunteer force of from 
1,000 to 1,200 men, exclusive of indians. That we 
add to it as many of the militia stationed on the lines 
as may be willing to join us. That we be furnished 
with a small train (say four pieces) of field artillery, 
With experienced officers and men to fight them ; 
and that with this force we be authorised to invade 
the enemy's country. 

Should you think proper to confer such an autho- 
rity on us, and direct that the volunteers shall be 
furnished with arms, ammunition, provisions, &c. 
and receive pay while in actual service, we pledge 
our lives that before the close of the season we will 
Occupy the whole of the valuable and populous pen- 
insula opposite the river, and either capture, destroy, 
or disperse all the enemy's force in this quarter. 

You may perhaps make it convenient to send an 
answer bv the bearer, captain Hall. 

We are, sir, most respectfully, your most obedient 

■Ifajor-general IVilkitlson, 

Canandaigua, September 14, 1813. 
Sni— A large number of patriotic citizens of this 
and the adjacent towns, anxious to do their duty in 
a crisis so interesting to the nation in general, and 
to this part of the country in particular, have asso- 
ciated themselves to volunteer their services to the 
United Slates for the residue of the campaign at 

tout. l fa 

In order to effectuate their intentions however, 
it Will be necessary that their movements should 
reeefcfe your approbation and sanction, and that they 
tohould be assured of, that the corps, whether a com- 
pany, battalion, or (as is possible) a regiment should 
se received, organized, and countenanced by your 


y be equipped according to" law, and be useful to 
their country this season. It may not be hardly de* 
corous for us to say it, but we must observe that the 
subscribers will prove to be obedient and brave sol* 

In their behalf, I am respectfully, your obedient 

Major-general Wilkinson, 

or officer Commanding fort George. 

Fort George, September 18, 1813. 
Gentlemen- — Your letter of yesterday which reach- 
ed me last evening, gives you a claim "to my acknow- 
ledgements, and those of your country, But as I 
am altogether unauthorised" by law or instruction to 
sanction your plan for the levy of a body of volun* 
teers, and as your anticipations, propositions, and 
suggestions embrace a range and a character upon 
which I have neither right nor authority to deliberate, 
I have considered it my duty to transmit a copy of 
your letter to the secretary of war, now at Sackett's 
Harbor, by express, for his deliberation and decision. 

I hope he may find it convenient and proper to 
meet your views, and have only to add, that you 
shall be advised of his answer without a moment's 
delay, after it may reach my hands* 

With high consideration and respect, I have the 
honor to be, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

To Peter B. Porter, major Cyrenhis Chapin, 
Joseph JlPClure. 

Sarkett's Harbor, September 18, 1813* 

Deau GENEnAL— Our information from the other 
side of the lake amounts to this : Prevost goes to 
Montreal. The whole regular force in Kingston 
consists of ten companies of De Watterville's regi- 
ment, that at Prescot at two companies-of.the same 
corps, and about forty artillerists. 

De Watterville's regiment was made up in Spain, 
is composed of Poles, Germans, Spaniards; and Por- 
tuguese, and completely disaffected. What a pre- 
cious moment my friend is this 

The commodore was brought back to us yesterday 
by adverse winds. He goes this morning— let not the 
great objects of the campaign be hazarded by run- 
ning after Yeo : these accomplished, his race is ruh. 
Kingston, or the point below seized, all above pe- 
rishes, because the tree is then girdled. 

In speaking of your artillery you do not include 
the guns taken at fort George, and which will be ne- 
cessary for its defence. A small garrison will be 
sufficient against assault : seige we need not dread. 
It is already too late to live in trenches. Porter, of 
the artillery, wotdd do well to command the place. 
Tell him from me he is a brigadier by brevet. 

The means of transportation are now with you,. 
hasten your march, and may God bless you in all 
your enterprises. 

Your truly and always, 

General Wilkinson. 

Extracts of a letter from major-general Wilkinson to 
the secretary of -war, dated September 20th 1813. 
I am well again, and that*s a good thing, for I 
have been during my sickness somewhat of a smefy 

Now indeed would be a fine time to sl!p into the 
St. Lawrence if Chauncey could keep sir James 
blockaded above Kingston and command the river 
below at the same time, and our preparations Avere 
completely matured, but it is an herculean task to 



-extract order from chaos. No time has or shall he 
lost on my part; but we cannot, when prepared at 
all poirtfs, control the winds. It. was last night onh 
the transports from Oswego arrived; and if' I am 
not hardly opposed hy weather, 1 hope I shall have 
1000 men afloat hy the 26th, and complete my em- 
barkation on the 30th, after which until we reach 
Grenadier Island, I must look to our squadron and 
the heavens for safety. 

Chauncey tells me he is liable to be blown off from 
Ills station, and in such Case sir James may slip out 
by him, but promises to follow him. It is material, 
to prevent the enemy from following' and cutting our 
rear, that some competent force should take post on 
the St. Lawrence below Kingston ; and I pray of you 
to make this arrangement with Chauncey. Before 1 
left Sackett's Harbor, I ordered a dozen slip keeled 
boats, to carry 50 men each, and to row 30 oars, to 
be armed with a light cannon in their bow. 

This armament is to sweep the St. Lawrence of 
the enemy's gun boats, and to take post in advance 
when and wherever it may be advisable. I beg you, 
» necessary on your part, to give effect to this order. 
We have just received advice confirmatory of a 
naval combat on lake Erie, in which it is said Perry 
has taken the whole British squadron on the 10th 
instant, and brought the vessels into "Putney har- 
bor at the islands" — his own vessel, the Lawrence, 
barely capable of being floated. The action lasted 
six hours. This will cancel your news from our 

The enclosed letter from general M'Clure breathes 
a good spirit, but he will not be up for several days. 
In the mean time I shall prepare his orders, to be 
ready to give him the command. 

\ body of horse, a small one at that point where 
the fate of the island is to be decided by combat 
(for believe not that we shall get possession of Mon- 
treal without a battle) will be invaluable. Burn has 
been ordered hence some time before my arrival, to 
recruit his cavalry and prepare them for action, and 
I shall order him by express to-morrow to incline by 
Indirect dilatory marches towards Hamilton, there 
to look for further orders, somewhere about An- 
twerp or that quarter. From Denmark or Champion 
he is to advise the commanding officer at Sackett's 
Harbor of his movements. 

De Rrtttenberg is under the full belief that I mean 
to attack him, and 1 shall keep up the delusion as 
long as possible. 

The snail's pace of the reinforcements approach- 
ing this division, and pardon me, their direction and 
route occasions me surprise. Of what avail will be 
the detachments under colonels Randolph and Coles,* 
which are, I learn from Washington, on their march 
to this place, where they cannot, or will not arrive 
before the 15th proximo. If these detachments had 
been ordered on by all the available water commu- 
nications from Annapolis to Albany, they could have 
reached Sackett's Harbor in season, and a column of 
800 men would have been found an important deside 
ratum in our impending operations. Where also are 
the 100C men reported to me by colonel Duane as 
being ready for march before I reached Philadelphia? 
I must hope near Sackett's Harbor. I put these ques- 
tions to you that I may apprise you of facts, "that 
you, with whom its rests, may apply the remedy, 
for I find we possess little military subordination or 
respect, and that a chief of an army is obeyed more 
from courtesy than principle or professional obliga- 

I send this by the privateer Fox to. commodore 
Chauncey, with a request that be accellerate its 

progress to you. This place neither stops a gap, ex' 
tends our possessions, nor covers or protects a coun- 
try ; it is good for nought, but to command the 
ground it occupies, and therefore I shall dismantle 
and abuiidon it. 


* These corps arrived in time* 

Late political divisions in Europe. 

From the Tioston Weekly Messenger, March ft. — 
We have compressed into as .small a compass as pos- 
sible, a mass of geographical information, (collect- 
ed from a great variety of sources not accessible to 
most of our readers) which seems to be uece-sary 
for obtaining a right understanding of the late 
changes in Europe. Our object has been to render 
the distribution of the several countries, which has 
been made by Bonaparte, intelligib\e to the reader 
who was acquainted with the civil divisions of the 
same countries before the late revolutions. This 
object we have been able to accomplish but very 
imperfectly, on account of the utter confusion of 
states, and abolition of ancient boundaries which it 
seems to have been the study of the French emperor 
to produce; The first column in the following ta- 
ble contains the names of countries according to the 
Napoleon vocabulary". The second is intended to 
designate by the ancient names, or by description, 
the situation of the same countries. This descrip- 
tion is necessarily imperfect : if made complete it 
would fill a volume. 

In the table of France, we have not given the 
names of the eighty-five departments formed of the 
kingdom, because the geography of that part of the 
present empire is sufficiently understood. We have 
given all the annexed departments, designating the 
states and provinces of which each was formed, 
with the date of its annexation, its population, and 
chief town. 

If the reader would wish to lay down on his "map 
the easterly boundary of the 130 departments of 
France, it will be sufficiently exact for common 
purposes, to begin at Lubeck on the Baltic, and run 
southwesterly in nearly a right line to Dusseldorf or 
Cologne on the Rhine, thence southerly by the Rhine 
and the western boundary of Switzerland to Geneva, 
and thence in nearly a right line southeasterly to 
Ravenna or Rimini on the Adriatic sea. The coun- 
tries which bound the empire on this side, are the 
Dutchy of Mecklenburg, the kingdom of Westpha- 
lia, the grand Ducthies of Berg and Cleves, Frank- 
fort, Hesse Darmstadt and Baden, the republic of 
Switzerland and the kingdom of Italy. 

In the table of the Confederation of the Rhine, we 
have given the square miles of each state's territory, 
the population, the principal towns, with their po- 
pulation, and the contingent of troops which by thp 
treaty of confederation they are bound to furnish in 
all wars. The nine first sovereigns form what is 
called the Royal College, the others, the College of 

We have included the states of Salm Salm, Salm 
Kirburg, Aremburg and Oldenburg, although those 
states have become extsnet, by the annexation of 
their territories to France in 1810 and 1811. The 
duke of Oldenburg was Peter Frederick Louis, born 
1755. His son, Paul Frederick Augustus, in 1809 
married Catharine Paulo wna, sister of the emperor 
of Russia. The annexation of Oldenburg, as apart 
of the department of the mouths of the Elbe, in 
1810, was one of the causes of the war between 
Russia and France. 

Besides the countries included in the table, Bona- 
parte claims as belonging to tlie French empire, the 
kingdom of Spain, the Swift confederation, [Switzer- 



land] and the Ilhtrian province. To the crown of 
Spain he, in 1808, appointed his brother Joseph 
j^'.poleon, br>rn in 1T68 ; but he is now expelled 
from the kingdom . The present constitution of 
Switzerland was dictated by Bonaparte in 1803, on 
which account he is styled Mediator of the confe- 

The Iilyrian prsvitiees were ceded to the French 
emperor by the treaty of 1809, containing the pro- 
vinces of Trieste, Carniolt, the Circles of Villach 
and Carinthia, and all the counties on the right of 
the Save from Carniola to Bosnia, including 1 Fiume, 
Istria and Castua. The principal towns are Lay- 

bach, containing 20,000 inhabitants, and Trieste* 
32,000, Trieste :s a place of great trade. Between 
the 16th and 31st of July last, 205 vessels entered, 
and 197 departed from that port. 

Napoleon - , emperor of France, was born August 
15, 1769, was declared first consul in 1799, and 
consul for life in 1802. He took the title of empe- 
ror May 18, 1804, was crowned king of Italy May 
26, 1805, and was married March 11, 1810. 

Maria Louisa, empress queen and regent, Arch- 
duchess of Austria, was born Dec. 12, 1791. Na- 
poleon Francis Charles Joseph, prince imperial an<| 
king of Home, was born March 20, 1811. 

Geographical Table of the French Empire, 




Eighty five departments 
all formed by the Na- 
tional Assembty, 1790, 
except 2 firmed since 
by subdividing 2 old 

Blount Blanc, 

Maritime Alps, 







Lower Meuse, 

Deyx Nethes, 


Sambre and Meuse, 



3thiue and Moselle, 


TION. France, as it. existed at the time of 
Twenty the revolution, includhig all tfie 
seven atK ^ ent Province's, 


Append nes, 














Mouths of Scheldt, 

Mouths of Rhine, 
Mouths of Meuse, 
Mouths of Yssel, 
Eastern Ems, 
"W>st"rn Ems, 
IFncst land, 
Upper Yssell, 
Zuydt r-Zee, 
Mouths of Elbe, 
Mouths of Weser, 
Upper Ems - , 

These 85 departments include France 
as it has been bounded, without ma- 
terial variation, since the treaty of 
Nimeguen,in 1678. 


500,239 Tart of Savoy, 

131,266 Nice, Monueo, Sec. 

210,478 Genevan Territory, &c^ 


636.438 | 


472,366 J Hiftnaut. Austrian Flanders, 

491,143 ^ Brabant, Liege, Luxem- 

267,249 burg, &c- 

367,184 | 

352,264 \ 


6310g4 ^Cleves, Guelders, Juliers, part 

1 5 of Cologne, &c. 
277,596 Treves, Cologne, &c. 
269,706 Cologne, Treves, &c. 

,,«■) Mentz, Wormes, Spires, Deux- 

il6 5 poms, &c. 
213,465-} The Ligurian republic, the f 
289,823 ^states of Parma and Placentia,^ 
40o,056J and the kingdom of Etruria. L 
399,237 | 

238,000 ^Piedmont, 
202,733 I 
43 1,438 J 

376,558 Parma and PJacentia,. 

318,725 J^Dutchy of Tuscany, 

76 g2o 1 Islands of Walcheren, Beve-. 
* $ land, &c. 
257,580 Brabant, Guelders, &c. 
393,600-] Mansland, "} 

145,000 J Ovt Issell J 

128,200 | East-Frieseland, j 
191,100 }>Gi-oningen &c. ^Holland,- 
175,400 Frieland, [ 

192,700 I Guelders, [ 

507,500J Utrecht, &c» J 

65.S00 The Vallais, 
375,976^ Hamburg, L'ibeck, Bremen, Lao- 
327,175 >- enburg, Oldenburg, Minden,and 
415.018J ^art of Hanover and Westphalia. 
339,355 Part of the Circle of Westphalia. 








Jfl'J^liTfl* Ceded b > r the Kin ? of Sardinia, by 

llfslj ueat y' Ma y 15 > 17Q6 - 


55, 1 6i j All these provinces, which had been 

9,002 J previously, by a decree of the con- 

18,291 | vention, annexed to the French 
33,632 }>179$ Republic, were ceded by the Em- 

17,963 I peror of Germany by the treaty 

56,313 J of Campo Formio, October 17", 

50,000 I 1797. 



These territories were ceded 'to the 
French Republic by a the treaty of, 
Lunev^e, Feb. 9,1801. 

This country was ceded by thetrea- 
tyof Luneville, in 1801 to the Duke 
of Parma, and was formed into the" 
Kingdom of Etruria. 

The Stadtholder was expelled from 
Holland in 1794, and the French 
have governed the country ever 
since in various forms. In 1798 it 
■was formed into the Batavian Re- 
public, in 1809 into the kingdom of 
Holland, for Louis Bonaparte, and in 
1810 was annexed to the Fr. empire 

The annexation of these coun^ 
tries extended France to the Bat- 

Kingdom of Italy. 

Twenty-four Depart:- *The State's of Milan,') 
lents, besides Dalma- Cremorla, Modeoa,Bo-{ 

en- 1 
na, f 


tia and the islands of logna, Mantua, R*ven- 
Dalmatia, Ragusa, &c. na, Venice, Verona, 
coutaining 9,0GO square Guastalla, the republi 
Xniles. of Ragusa, &c. 






This country for a few 'years bore the name 

170,000 of the Casalpine Republic. In 1802 the govern- 

50,000 ment was recognized under the name ot the 

37,000 Italian Republic, Bonaparte being president. It 

42,000 became a kingdom in 1804. Napoleon I. is 

61.000 king. Eugene Napoleon, Viceroy of Italy, was 

27,000 born 1782. 

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. 

-> Naples, 360,000 , „ , , . ■*. _ 

Somnimps called All the continental part | Baii, 30,000 Joachim Napoleon [Marat] succeeded „ oiepn±>a 

the Kingdom of Na- of the ancient kingdom of >6,000,000 Tarentum 18,000 naparte, July 15,1808. He was born I77^anaiiw» 

pie*. k Naples. J Reggio, 

J Fogg.a, 

16^000 ried Maria A. Caroline, sister of Napoleon, 1S00, 

Confederation of the Rhine. 

[formed jult, 12, 1806] 

Kingdom of Bavaria, divided 
into fifteen Circles. 

Kingdom of Westphalia, di- 
virded into seven circles. 

Kingdom of Wurtembur< 

Kingdom of Saxony. 
Grand Duchy of Warsaw. 


Grand Duchy of Frankfort. 
Grand Duchy of Baden. 


The Electorate of Bavaria,-* 
the county of Tyrol the Bish- j 
opricks of Brixen and Trent, > i2,0G0 
the principality of Botzen, j 
&c. J 

This Kingdom is made up-i 
of nearly all that part of the j 
Prussian dominions which i 
lay on the left banks of the r 
Elbearrd Saale, part of Bruns- I 
wick, Hesse, Ike. 

The Dutchy of Wirtemburg,-) 
the counties of Truches and i 
Waldburg, Hoenigseck, Ra- » 
vensburgh, Ehingen, Mun- r 
derkengen, Rudlingen, part J 
of Brisgau, &c. J 

The Duchy of Saxony, with ? 
various additions. j 

Departments of Warsaw""! 
Kalisch, Posen, Bromberg, J» 14,920 
Plock, Bialistock and Silesia.J 



3,650,000 Augsburg 


2,056,000 gottiHgen 
*» " u ' v Brunswick 



2,570 1,300,400 Stutgard, 

6,100 2,106,294 



2,177,000 WarsaW 
' ' Posen 

Principalities of Aschaffen- ? 

burg, Ratisbon, Frankfort &c. 

Part of Suabia, Brisgau,? 

Constance, &c. _> 

Grand Duchy Of Berg and In the Circle of Westpha- ~l 

lia. 5 

Starkenburg, Upper Hes-| 
se, and Duchy of Westphalia, i 

The Bishoprick of WurtzO 
burg, in Franconia, on the J* 

342 290,000 
2,000 969,300 



Grand Duchy of Hesse Darm- 

Graud Duchy of Wurtsburg. 


930,494 Dusseldorf 
565,800 Darmstadt 
275,000 Wurubucg 

Nassau Usingen 
Nassau Weillmrg 
Hozenhollen Hech'n. 
Hoh'n. Sigmaringen 
Salm Kirburg* 


In Westphalia 

North ot Mentz, 

In Swabia 

On the Danube 

In Westphalia 

N. E. of Frankfort 

In Westphalia 

In Westphalia. 

850 300,000 



14,000 Hechingen 
39,000 Sigmaringen 

45,000 Birstein 

48,000 Aremburg 



30,000 ( 
36,000 f 

30,000 j 
21,000 ' 
11,000 f 
31,700 J 

30,000 fa} 

25,000 (b) 

12,000 (c, 


30,000 ! 

60,000 ( 

22,000 > 
10,000 3 

20,000 (dj 

8,000 fff 


5,000 fg) 


4,000 (h) 


2,000 ft) 

4,200 > 


3 3 



\* The preceding except Westphalia, Saxony and Wurtzburg, were the original confederates. 
The following joined the allies at different times since the year 1807 ; 

Lippe Detmold 
Lippe Schaumburg 
Mecklenburg Sch'n 
Seuss Greitz 
Reuss Schleitz 
Reuss Ebersdorf 
Heuss Lobenstein 
Schwastzenburg Son'n 

In the Circle of Franconia 


On the Elbe 
On the Saftle 
In Westphalia 
East of the Saale 
On the Weser 

Between the Elbe, the Baltip 
and Brandenburg. 

InVogtland on the River f 
Saale, included within the J* 
kingdom of Saxony. j 

On the Wippev 

On the Aar 
On the Weser 






























Bern berg 























400 fh} 





























C a J — The electors of Bavaria and Wurtemburg 
were acknowledged kings by the emperor of Ger- 
many, by the treaty of Presburg, December 25, 
1805, and both of them at that treaty received the 
principal accessions to their territories, to reward 
them for their services against Austria in the short 
war which preceded. Maxamilian Joseph, king of 
Bavaria, was born May 27, 1756. In 1808 his daugh- 
ter married the viceroy of Italy. The queen of Ba- 
varia is a sister to the grand duke of Baden. Bava- 
ria has furnished her full contingent of troops in all 
the wars since the dale of the confederation. In the 
^Russian campaign, besides her 30,000 meo, she 
burnished a reinforcemeijt-of 8,000. Nearly the whole 

38,000 were destroyed. The king renounced the 
confederacy, October 8, 1813, the emperor of Aus- 
tria, in his own name and the name of the allies, 
having by treaty guaranteed to him the whole of his 

C b J-— This kingdom was created at the treaty of 
Tilsit, July 9, 1807, and was the same year admitted 
into the Rhemsh confederacy. It was given to Jerome 
Bonaparte, who was born November 15, 1784. lie 
was married August 22, 1807, after repudiating his 
former wife, (Miss Patterson, of Baltimore,) to Fre- 
derick Catharine Sophia Dorothea, daughter of the 
king of Wurtemburg, by his first wife. This country 
's now wholly restored toils ancient possessors, the 



the elector ot 

jurisdiction of the king- of Prussia, 
Hanover, &c. being- re-established. 

(e) Frederick of Wurtemberg, was bcrn in 1754, 
:>•••• n . "97 was married to Charlotte Augusta Ma- 
tilda, daughter of George III, of Britain, 
born, 1766. The king has renounced the confede- 
racy, on condition of staining his title and his ter- 

^gft Frederick Augustus, late elector of Saxony, 
was born December i3, 1750. He was made king 
by "Bonaparte in December, 1S07, and was acknow- 
ledged by the treaties of Tilsit in .Inly following — 
He joined the confederation in 1807, and was the 
same year appointed by Bonaparte duke of Warsaw, 
He fell into the power of the allies at the taking of 
Leipsic, in October last. The queen of Saxony is 
sister of the king of Bavaria. 

fej— Charles, archbishop, grand duke of Frank- 
fort, &c. prince primate of the Confederation of the 
Rhine, was born in 1744. He was formerly arch- 
bishop and elector of Mentz, and archchancellor ot 
the empire, but after the annexation of Mentz to 
France, archbishop of Ratisbon, &c. This is not 
Cardinal Fesch, the uncle of Bonaparte, as has been 
stated lately in almost all the American papers.-— 
Fesch is archbishop of Lyons, in France, and has no 
temporal jurisdiction whatsoever. The prince pri- 
mate of the confederation has no jurisdiction over 
the states except his own, inconsistent with the 
complete sovereignty of the several princes. 

CfJ— Charles Louis Frederick, grand duke, was 
born 1785. The troops of this Dutchy were com- 
manded by count Huchberg during the late cam- 
p aign. The grand duke presented himself before 
the allied sovereigns Nov. 15, last, and renounced 
the confederation. 

CgJ — The grand duke of Berg and Cleves, is 
Louis Napoleon (son of the late king of Holland, 
who now lives in retirement in Switzerland) born 

fhj — Louis X. grand duke of Hesse Darmstadt, 
was born 1753. 

fij— Ferdinand Joseph John Baptist, grand duke 
of Wurtsburg and archduke of Austria, was born 

f>J— Charles Lewis Frederick, duke of Meck- 
lenburg Strelitz, is a brother of the queen of Great 
Britain, and was born 1741. 


From Canada. A Boston paper says— "We have 
received a Montreal paper of the 5th inst. It men- 
tions the meeting of the parliament of Upper Cana- 
da, at York, and contains the speech of the president 
of that province, gen.Drummond, on the occasion. 
lie congratulates the legislators that the attempts 
at invasion had been successfully repelled — recom- 
mends provisions for increasing the efficiency of the 
militia — mentions that two of the members of the 
parliament had deserted to the Americans, and ad' 
vises the confiscation of the estates of all Canadians 
who join the enemy, and the appropriation of the 
proceeds to the relief of the loyal subjects who may 
suffer by the war." 

Covets martial. A court martial has been held 
at Plattsburg, for the trial of several officers — col. 
Dana, president. Lieutenant Benjamin P. Barrett, 
of the 29th infantry, charged with cowardice, was 
found guilty — sentenced to be cashiered, to have his 
sword broken over his head, in the presence of the 
army, to be published as a coward in the newspapers: 
Sentence confirmed. Lieutenant Frederick G. Gates, 

charged with unofficer-like conduct and cowardice. 
Sentenced to be struck off from the rolls of the ar- 
my: confirmed. Captain Jtmasa Brown, of theSHth. 
infantry, charged with unofficer-like conduct and 
disobedience of orders — sentenced to be struck off 
the rolls of the army : confirmed. Lieutenant Co- 
nant, of the 29th infantry, found guilty of abandon- 
ing his post, and sentenced to be suspended from 
command for three months, and to be confined to the. 
limits of the camp for that time : confirmed. Cap- 
tain Waterman, of the 29th, for "unofficer-like and 
ungentlemanly conduct," &c. honorably acquitted ; 
confirmed. Captain Bailey, for cowardly aad unoffi- 
cer-like conduct, &c. found guilty, but recommend- 
ed to merer on account of his previous good beha-- 
vior : sentence confirmed, but the recommendation 
of the court refused — general Wilkinson observing-, 
"cowardice being the most unpardonable offence in 
the catalogue of military crimes, treason only except* 
ed." Dismissed the service. Lieutenant Presbnry 
IVest, for unofficer-like conduct and neglect of duty, 
and for fraud, in charging for a private waiter when 
he actually employed as a waiter a private soldier of 
the army : sentenced to be dismissed and to refund 
the money he had received : confirmed. (£t'When 
room is afforded we shall publish the reports of these 
trials at length, for the use of military gentlemen. 

Export of specie. Many circumstances had con- 
spired to convince us that the British without, and 
the English within, the United States,were preparing 
to drain this country of the precious metals— -s© that, 
if possible, the financial operations of our govern- 
ment might be checked, and the wide extended 
system of bribery and corruption of the enemy pro- 
moted. For a considerable time past British go- 
vernment bills to a mighty amount have been in the 
market, particularly at Boston ; and they have been 
sold at enormous discounts : on this reduced price, 
also, a high premium, of 4 to 8 per cent, were paid if 
the amount were made up in gold. With these tempt- 
ing baits, besides fat commissions for transacting 
the business, and the good inclinations of many, it is 
not to be wondered that the enemy's designs have 
prospered exceedingly. Here is the true cause that 
lias made some of the banks overflow with specie, and 
enabled them to harrass and distress others. The 


The prodigality with which this darling measure 
is pursued, excites no surprize. Many years ago, 
when by the subsidies of the German man-butchers 
(the princes who sold their people at so much per 
head) had drained Great Britain of specie and great- 
ly shaken the confidence of the people in the go- 
vernment, the famous William Pitt entered into a 
contract with certain merchants to this purport ; 
that they should send into Germany a vast quantity 
of goods, on which he insured a stipulated profit. 
These goods were to be disposed of for any thing 
they would fetch, if paid for in gold or silver, Tlie- 1 
plan succeeded ; and though the specie so obtained 
cost the British government from 50 to 100 per 
cent, more than it was nominally worth — Pitt had on. 
ly to issue half a ream or a ream more of paper for 
it ; and, in the amount of millions of the public 
debt, it was of no consequence. But since that time 
John Bull has got better .reconciled to the desire 
for specie, though he wants it worse than ever. 

The letter below is of high importance in con- 
sidering this subject. We regret that it was pub- 
lished ; for it might have led to the detection of 
Stewart, and have brought him the just reward of 
his interference. It also shews the vile business that 
is carried on under "neutral #ags," chiefly owned 

by the "well inclined'" Americans. We hope that 

congress will act on this business, If all the spe- 



tie attempted to be exported contrary to law, were 
forfeited to the im former, and the life of the trans- 
gressor to be the penalty of his crime, perhaps we 
might "correct the procedure." 

From the National Advocate. — Intercepted xet- 
xeii. — "The fortune of war has thrown the following 
letter into our hands — it was found concealed in one 
of the boots of the captain of the Spanish schooner 
Rosa. This schooner was boarded at sea by the offi- 
cers of the American privateer Viper ; and on en- 
quiring for papers, the captain replied, he had none. 
Suspicion was excited ; and on searching the cap- 
tain some papers were found on his person ; and, 
among o i hers, the letter of which the following is a 
copy, enclosed in an envelope, with this superscrip- 


Captain Talbot of his majesty's ship Victorious ; or 

the senior officer of his majesty's ships off JMew-Loii- 

Admiral Sir J. B. Warren." 


Bermuda, Feb. 17, IB 14. 

The government of this island as well as the com- 
mercial interests, experiencing considerable diffi- 
culties by the want of cash ; and Mr. Stewart, who 
was lately his majesty's consul at New London, be- 
ing now here, having offered to procure money from 
the United States, 1 am desirous, in order to aid the 
views of government, as well as to promote mercan- 
tile operations, that every facility should be given 
to the plans of the abovementioned gentleman, in 
obtaining the supplies of casli he undertakes ; and 
for this purpose, I have to request, that, agreeably 
to his" arrangement,, you will be pleased to receive 
on board his majesty's ship, under your command, 
whatever sums of money may be carried alongside 
by persons whom he will engage ? and that vou will 
also forward the same by any of his majesty's ships, 
from time to time, coming to this island ; or in the 
event of a large sum being ready, to send a sloop of 
war purposely with it. The vessel bearing this let- 
ter, you will likewise suffer to remain under your 
protection, if she should not be permitted to go in- 
tp New-London. 

I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient 
humble servant, 

To capt. Talbot^ of his majesty's ship 

Victorious ; or the senior officer of 

his majesry's ships off New-London. 

Baltimore schooners. — At the time the embargo 
was laid, from 60 to 80 of the celebrated schooners 
belonging to this port were at sea, laughing at the 
r blockades of the enemy. The greater part of these 
have returned to other ports of the United States. 
From what we learn, we feel justified to express the 
frelief, that, in less than four weeks, at least fifty of 
these vessels^ carrying 500 guns and more than 5000 
men, will be touching John Bull in his tender place. 
In this estimate, \ve include several that have escaped 
the enemy, and lately went from this port. Report 
says that some have gone to the East-Indies.' 

"Commerce*' restricted. Plattsburg March 12. 
It is with pleasure we inform our readers, that gene- 
ral Wilkinson seems determined to destroy the trai- 
torous intercourse keept up, by men who call them- 
selves Americans* with our enemies in Canada : 
Small detachments have been tried without effect, 
and now strong ones are put in motion.— -Col. Clark, 
did Rifle, marched the 8th instant, with major Bay- 
ley, and a detachment of infantry and one hundred 
mounted riflemen, all Green Mountain Boys, to take 
possession of the frontier, from the lake east to 
Connecticut river j and on the 10th ir^jt. another de= 

tachment of 300 prime riflemen and sixty dragoons, 
marched under major Forsyth, whose name carrier 
terror to the enemy, to guard the lines west of the 

We understand the orders of those officers are to 
make prisoners of every British subject found with- 
in the limits of the United States, and to apprehend' 
and deliver to the civil authority for trial and punish- 
ment, every American citizen found in Canada - 
therefore smugglers look out, or you will soon see 

[We learn that col. Clark returned without meet- 
ing the enemy except in the shape of a large quanti- 
ty of smuggled goods, which he seized and brought 
in witJi him.] 

The embargo. We learn that the collector of this 
port has been instructed, by direction of the presi- 
dent of the United States, to clear out fishing ves- 
sels and boats, whether decked or not, for any part 
of the bay, on giving bonds under the embargo law. 
Coasters and vessels arriving from foreign ports, are 
also permitted to proceed to their own ports on giv- 
ing bonds. Boston Chronicle. 

The army — The following from one of our En» 
glish prints, will shew the "lengths" to which a 
'pious" man may go to serve the "bulwark of ma re- 
ligion." — " From the debates in congress it appears 
that Madison's army is composed of 12,123 officers 
and 6000 privates! But we still might expect great, 
exploits if these officers were to repair to head-quar- 
ters, and act like those who served under general 
Jackson in his late expedition to hunt and chase the 
Indians, and "kill them in style;" for the general 
says, he had "a company of volunteer officers, neaded 
by gen. Coffee, who had been abandoned by his men, 
and who still remained in the field awaiting the order 
of the government." 

Commerce.— -We have a list of 32 vessels sent into 
Bermuda for "adjudication." Only seven of them 
are honest Americans; the rest are called Swedes, 
Spaniards and Portuguese. 

Goshen butter ! Ten waggon loads of Goshen 
butter arrived at Charleston, S. C. on the 14th inst, 
from New^York. This is among the curious "events 
of the war.'* 

The embargo,— Extract of a letter from AmelM 
island, dmted February 22. —"They feel the effects of 
the embargo very severely here; there is about fifty 
sail of shipping here, which will principally be forced 
to take in ballast. Several sailed from here already. 
Flour is 25 dollars per bbl. other things in propor- 
tion. Coffee at 10 to 12 dolls, and on the rise. Dry 
goods in abundance. They would starve here, if it 
was not for the small supplies that are smuggle dover. 

The embargo law strictly observed, will, 1 believe, 
have a serious effect on the British islands, which I 
hope will bring them to terms. There are several 
runaway Americans here, which are a disgrace to 
any nation, and more inimical to the United States 
than any ©ther people." Bern, Press. 

Impressment. — If there is any American so serpent- 
blooded as to read the following with calmness; and 
then prate about the magnanimity of the barbarian 
manstealer, he should be cast out from civilized life,, 
a prey to kindred hyenas and wolves. 
From the New York Mercantile Advertiser— We have 

received the following narrative from an officer in 

the United States service, with a request that it 

might be published in the Mercantile Advertiser, 

and an assurance that it contains no fact which 

it is not in his power at any time to substantiate. 

He has left his name with the editors for that 


"Hiram Thayer, born in the town oPGreenwicfc,, 
in the county of Hamp*ir$ commonwealth ofMas-^ 

the commonwealth of Massachusetts, was impress-: 
eel into the naval service of Great Britain, in the I 
month of August, 1803, and detained ever since.— 
About 6 years ago, when the Statira Was put in coni-j 


r— - = l . ■ , 

aachnsetts, and son of Mr. John Thayer, a respect- jthe release of an American seama* detained ag&j&sll 
able farmer in that town, was impressed in the ser- jliis will on board the frigate Statira. 
%-ice of H. B. majesty, in the month, of August, 1303, Hiram Thayer, born in the town of Greenwich, in] 
and has been detained there ever since against his 
will, refusing to enter or receive the bounty, or ad- 
vance, or any part of his pay, o*her than what was 
indispensable, and has been furnished him in slops. 

He was transferred to the Statira when she was put J mission, he was transferred to her, and has been 
in commission, upwards of six years ago; has been i constantly on board her to this day. 
kept on board her, and is still there. He was in heri T am informed, and in fact it was stated by captain! 

Stackpole to lieut. Himilton, who was charged with! 
the Aug, that the late general Lyman, our consul at i 
London, made application to the lords commission-, 
ers for the discharge of Thayer, but they were not 
satisfied with the evidence of his nativit)', 

John Thayer, the father of Hiram, assures me 3 i 
that the certificate of the selectmen, the town clerk, i 
and the minister of Greenwich, were for\vardedj 
some time ago to Mr. Mitchell, the resident agent j 
for American prisoners of war at Halifax, but does't 
at Halifax. The man himself has told capt. Stack- (not know the reason why he was not released thenJ 
pole that he will not figlit against the flag of his coun- ! The son has written to his father and informed himj 
try. that on representing to capt Stackpole that he wasij 

*' On Monday last (March 14th) Jolin Thayer, the la- 
father, applied to commodore Decatur for assistance^ 

when she was commanded by capt.Bramley,when she 
brought out Mr. Rose. Protections and certificates 
from the selectmen of Greenwich were forwarded to 
the British consul at Norfolk, to procure his dis- 
charge, but without effect. The same documents 
were laid before the lord commissioners of the ad- 
miralty in London and his release demanded by ge- 
neral Lyman; but they were not sufficiently aittjienti* 
cated! The same documents have been forwarded 
to the resident agent for American prisoners of war 

in procuring the release of his son . The commodore j 
instantly despatched a flag accompanied by the fa- 
ther, furnished with certificates from the minister, 
town clerk and selectmen of Greenwich, to captain 
Capel, the commanding officer before New London. 
The son recognized the father at a distance from the 
Ship and told the first lieutenant, "My god, sir, there 
is my father.'" The old gentleman on meeting his 
son, was entirely overcome, and burst into tears. — 

-~i o — — j '" - " ^■»r' v " v ' »«»•* "- — - 

an American citizen and would not fight against his 

country, that capt. Stackpole told him "if they fell 

in with an American man of war and he did not del 

his duty, he should be tied to the mast and shot at I 

like a dog." 

On Monday the 14th inst. John Thayer requested j 
me to allow him a flag to go off to the enemy and j 
ask for the release of his son. This I granted atji 
once and addressed a note to capt. Capel, stating 
that I felt persuaded that the application of the fa-j 
ther, furnijshed as he was with conclusive evidence 

The son spent every moment in enquiries respecting j of the nativity and identity of the son, would induce 

his mother and sisters, the friends of his youth, and 
the minutest circumstances of his home, the farm 
and its concerns. 

"The father returned, but left the son a prisoner 
*—not of -war,- but an uKwiUing slave in the service of 
the enemy. 

" This young man, by his industry, intelligence, 
seamanship, and sobriety, has been promoted to be 
a boatswain's mate in his Britannic majesty's service, 
and actoally piped the side for lieut. Hamilton, who 
was charged with a flag.— -His B. M. is in his debt 
two hundred and fifty pounds sterling, which he will 
cheerfully relinquish as the price of his freedom. — 
These facts can be substantiated by the oath of Mr. 
John Thayer and the letters of his son. 

"When young Thayer told capt. Stackpole that 
he could not, and would not fight against the flag 
of his country, that gentleman* told him that if they 
fell in with an American man of war and he refused 
to do his duty, he should be tied to the mast and shot 
at like a dog. Captain Capel replied to his father's 
solicitations, that he has no authority to release his 
son; it must be done by the commander in chief, who 
is at Bermuda; and captain Stackpole, confessing 
that he has no doubt of his being an American citi^ 
zen, cannot give him up without an order from the 
admiral; if he does it on his own responsibility _, 
he cannot get a man in his stead — but if the admiral 
orders his discharge, he must provide a substitute/" 

Copy of a letter from commodore JJzcalur, to the secre- 
tary of the navy. 
U. S. ship United States, New London, March 

an immediate order for his discharge. The repjy i 
enclosed. The son descried his father at a distance 
in the boat and told the first lieutenant of the Statira 
that it was his father; and I understand the feeling; 
manifested by the old man on receiving the hand ol 
his son, proved beyond all other evidence the pro 
perty he had in him. There was not a doubt left on | 
the mind of a single British officer of Hiram Thay- 
er's being an American citizen — and yet he is den 
tained, not as a prisoner of war, but compelled un- 
der the most cruel threats, to. serve the enemies •£ 
his country. 

Thayer lias so recommended himself by his sobri- 
ety, industry and seamanship as to be appointed a 
boatswain's mate, and is now serving in that capaci- 
ty in the Statira — and he says, there is due to him 
from the British government about two hundred and 
fifty pounds sterling. — He lias also assured his father 
that lie has always refused to receive any bounty or 
advance, lest it might afford some pretext for deny-jl 
ing him his discharge whenever a proper application!? 
should be made for it. 

I am, sir, with the highest consideration, your mo'st I 
obedient and humble servant, 



His B. M. ship La Hogue off 
J\T. London, Uth March, 1814,1 
Sin — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt 
of your letter, together with the certificates of ex | 
change and discharge from parole, forwarded tcjr 
you at the request of colonel Barclay the commissa 1 
ry general of British prisoners of war; and I beg tc 

Sm- [ have the honor to forward to you enclosed, | return you my thanks for your polite attent 

a despatch received by me from capt. Capel, the com 
manling officer of the British squadron before this 
port, written in reply to an application of mine, for 

•This i s a misnorn sr. The creature should be called 
barbarian — Goth, Vandal, and <;avn^e f £i>. re<j. 

I regret that it is not in my power to comply witlf 
your request in ordering the son of Mr. John Thayeit 
to be discharged from his majesty's ship Statira |j 
but I will forward your application to the command| 
er in chief by the earliest opportunity, andlhavn 
no -doubt lie will order his immediate discharge.: 



I am, sir, with great consideration and respect, 
Sour most obedient and very humble servant, 

THOMAS P. CAFEt, captain, 

and cut out several vessels. The West Indies swarna 
with our privateers. 

The cartel ship Rising States, has arrived at Pre 
Commanding jus Britannic vidence, (R. I.) trom Barbadocs and St. Bartholo- 
nuijesty's squadron off; mews, with about 180 discharged Americans. 
New -London. j The True Blooded Yankee is owned by a Mr. Pre 

To com. Decatur, commanding 
the U. S. squadron, JVew London. 

ble, now in Paris. She has been thirty-seven days. 
at sea, during which she captured 27 vessels and 
made 270 prisoners. While on this cr»ise she took 
an island on the coast of Ireland and held it 6 days; 
she also took a town in Scotland and burnt 7 vessels 
in the harbor. At our last accounts, she was about 
_ to make another cruise in company with the Bunker 
ers, of the 24th regiment United States infantry, was { nm y f 14 eighteen pounders and 140 men. When 
•ftt Buffalo, under orders from brigadier general j the True Blooded Yankee arrived in France she waar 
George M'Clure. J. B. WALHACH, ; i ac ] en w \$y the following spoils— 18 bales of Turkey 

Adjutant and inspector general's office, — Trashing- 
ton, March 11, 1814. — From documents deposited 
at this office, it appears that at the time fort Niaga 
ra was taken by the enemy, captain John A. Rodg 

Adjutant general. 

Brigadier-general Chamberlain (of the Virginia 
militia) has arrived at Norfolk, and taken the com- 
mand at that post. 

Detroit, March 6, 1814.— "I hinted to you in my 
last letter of a detachment of troops being sent from 
hence under the command of captain Holmes, to 
purslie some British troops that were on their re- 
treat up trtie Thames. They were overtaken about 
twenty miles from the Delaware towns; a skirmish 
ensued, which terminated in favor of our troops ; 
upwards of seventy were taken prisoners, killed and 
wounded; the residue made a safe retreat. The Bri- 
tish force was about 200; some of the prisoners state, 
f?hat four companies of British troops, together with 
300 indians were on their march to attack Sandwich. 
If this account is correct we soon expect another 
engagement. Some days ago a lieutenant Jackson in 
the British service arrived here with a flag of truce, 
bearing dispatches from general Drummond, pur- 
porting an enquiry of Baubee's being taken prisoner. 
This is a mere sham. The officer is yet detained, 
and what rout he will take next is as yet uncertain." 

[JX'at. Int. 

We learn from a credible source that the post of 
Sandwich, which it appears from the above letter is 
menaced with an attack, though we think such an 
event scarcely probable, is perfectly secure; the 
strength of its fortification and garrison being suf- 
ficient to resist any force which it is in the power of 
the enemy in that quarter to carry against it. \jh. 
• The Constitution frigate is represented to be cruis- 
ing off' Surinam, and to have made several prizes, 
among them a vessel of 20 guns. She had sent a 
cartei into Barbadoes with 70 prisoners. The Queen, 
of ninety-eight guns, and- the Pique, of 38, left Bar- 
badoes to fight her ! The Adams is stated to have 
been cruising between Guadaloupe and Martinico— 
and one of our sloops, supposed to be the Frdie, is 

carpets, 43 bales of raw silk, weighing I20001bs. — 
20 boxes of gums — 46 packs of the best skins — 24 
packs of beaver skins — 1G0 dozen of swan skins-** 
190 hides — copper, &c. 

The corvette John Adams, for Gottenburg, with 
our commissioners on board, was spoken about the 
4th of March, all well. 

The privateer brig Alfred, captured by a frigate 
and a sloop of war, arrived at Halifax, on the 26th 
February. JYo other prize had been sent in for a month. 
The Augus. It is singular that we have not yet 
received an official account of the capture of the 
Argus. The following has been published in the 
American, (of this city) as Dr. Inderwick's report of 
the killed and wounded on board that vessel, in the 
action with the sloop of war Pelican, on the 14th of 
August, 1813. 
W. H. Allen, Esq. captain, severely Wounded— -since dead— sb<pl 

in the head. 
Mr. Edward?, midshipman, killed. 

Dtlphy, do. do. lost both his Iegfc 

Joshua Jones, seaman, do. 
John Finley, do. do. 

Win. , do. do. 

Geo. Gardner, do. do. 

Lieutenant Watson, severely wounded. 

Mr. M'Leod, boatswain, 


Joshua Jordon, do. mate, 


since dead; 

James White, carpenter, 



John Young, qr. master, 


Francis Eggert, seaman, 


James Kelhara do. 


Charles Baxter do. 


John Nugent do. 


James Hall do. 


Wm. Hovington do. 


We notice the sailing of many very stout priva> 
teerse within a few weeks past. Some of them are 
bent on daring voyages, and may make the enemy 
feel the war in his moj»t cKstant possessions. 

The Fox of Baltimore, has arrived at New Orleans 
from a cruise, during which she made eight prizes. 

The enemy in the Chesapeake. — That part of the 
British squadron (1 ship, 1 brig and 2 schooners,) 
that came up the bay a short time ago, returned be- 

dashing through the islands. .... . low on Sunday last; previous to which they sent six 

During the last week we have received advices of \^ n „„ ac . ;«♦„ w~ :JL :♦. u~: c a.. J * 

barges into Wecomico, it being foggy they were not 
discovered until they landed. They carried off a 
variety of articles belonging to the farm houses 
there, and wantonly destroyed all the furniture; set 
fire to a small house, where in was a loom. They 
,did not discover any vessels in the creek; before the 
S a ! militia could collect, they were off. 

Coffee house books. 

%e arrival of several valuable American vessels in 

the ports of the United States A large portion 

of them belong to Baltimore. 

The enemy force in the Chesapeake is stated to 
consist of one 74, four frigates, two brigs and two 
smaller vessels. Some of them have been as 
up as the Potomac. 

The privateers Comet and Chasseur, of Baltimore, 
with other vessels belonging to this port, are doing j Co p v j a Iett erftom lieut. Creighton, commanding th 
a great business m the West Indies. It is stated thai j ? j s b * Rattlesnake, to the secretary of the navy" 
the former has taken nineteen prizes, one or which I fated ^ 

was a gun brig belonging to "his majesty." The lat- Wilmington, n. C. Match S>*h, m-i. 

ter has made six prizes, five of which she burnt, j Sin — I have the honor to announce to y >o the arri- 
after divesting them of their valuable articles. Wefval of the U. S. brigs "Rattlesnake and K-iu-rprize, 
shall soon have to make great additions to our prize j command, after a cruise of eight weeks" 
mts. The Comet had been into a port of Tgrtola, The Ettterpr-ize joined me yesterday, ha jig sepur* 


7 o 

ted on the 25th ult. to avoid capture, both vessels 
being- closely pursued by a frigate or razee. 

By the enclosed report from lieut. Renshaw, yon 
Will perceive the chase continued 70 hours, during 
Which time he was under the necessity of lightening 
his vessel by throwing overboard his guns, cutting 
away his anchors, and starting his water. This is 
the third time we have been chased by superior force, 
an.l hi every instance the good fortune of the Enter- 
prize has been wonderfully manifest. 

In obedience to your instructions of the 2d Janu- 
ary, after leaving the United States, I passed to the 
eastward of Bermuda, and having reached the lati- 
tude of IS deg. 56 min. N. and long. 62 deg. 23 
min. W. I bore up, and on the 29th January made 
the island of Anegada and Virgin Gorda, hence by 
St. Thomas down the north s?des of Porto Rico and 
St. Domingo, through the windward passage, along 
the north side of Jamaica, round the west end of 
Cuba, through the Florida passage, and so to this 

In the windward passage we were chased by a 
frigate and narrowly escaped capture. For the pre- 
servation of one and perhaps both vessels, I was 
under the necessity of separating, but was joined 
again by the Enterprize off cape Antonia on the 14th 
Feoruary, conformably to previous arrangement. 

On the 10th of February we were again chased by 
a line of battle ship, but outsailed her with great 
ease. The same vessel, which we learned to be the 
Bedford, 74, pursued the Enterprize, when on her 
way to join me off cape Antonia, for nine hours; the 
latter escaped by a monoeuvre at night. 

I should have continued to cruise on the ground 
you recommended, but was continually taken from 
the station by vessels it became my duty to pursue, 
as well as the prospect of falling in with the convoy 
that had passed the Havana about eight or ten days 
previous to my appearing off that place. 

I have the honor to enclose you a list of vessels 
captured and spoken during the cruise; among the 
former you will perceive the private armed schooner 
Mars of 14 guns, and 75 men. This capture affords 
me the more satisfaction, as she belonged to that 
nest of pirates commonly called Providence priva- 
teers. She is a fine vessel, built in Baltimore, and 
well calculated for public service, should govern- 
ment require a vessel of her class. Another priva- 
teer was in company with her, but night had so fur 
advanced it was impossible for me to prevent her 
escape. The Mars having taken us at first for En- 
glish brigs, between 20 and 30 of her men took to 
her boats and landed on the Florida shore to avoid 
impressment; notwithstanding this she ranged up 
alongside of the Enterprize with tompions out and 
training her guns. Lieut. Renshaw ignorant of the 
circumstance of any of her men having left her, 
gave her a broadside, which killed two and wound- 
ed two others of her crew. Lieut. Renshaw's con- 
duct was perfectly correct; it was the indiscreet 
and ridiculous parade of the commander of the pri- 
vateer that caused this unnecessary bloodshed. At 
the same time the Mars struck, we took possession 
of the schooner Eliza, from Nassau, New Providence, 
bou/id lo Pensacola, laden with salt. In passing the 
prize l hailed lieut. Gamble, who had her in charge 
and directed him to scuttle the vessel and cut away 
t*er masts, take to the boat he had alongside and 
join the Enterprize then in pistol shot of him. The 
wind and current having set us close in with the 
Florida shore, I was under the necessity of working 
to windward, and directed the Enterprize tp do the 
same as soon as possible. A light was shown from 
the Rattlesnake, rockets thrown and false fires oc- 
casionally burnt during the night to point out our 

situation to the other vessels. At 2 a. m. the Enter- 
prize joined me and at day light the Mars, but from 
the extreme darkness of the night the Eliza was lost 
sight of about 8 in the evening and has not been! 
seen since: all the following day was spent in search 
of her, but without success. At noon by observa-' 
tion I found we iiad drifted a degree and a half to I 
the northward of the place where we made the cap- J 
ture. From the state of the weather immediately] 
after I spoke the Eliza it became necessary for all 
the other vessels to work offshore, and lieut. Gam- 
ble must have been sensible of the necessity of doing 
the same with the vessel under his charge; and as 
he had six men and plenty of water and provisions I 
hourly look for him at this place, or expect to hear 
of his arrival at Savannah. After removing the pri- 
soners from the Mars, I intended to have returned 
to windward again and remain a few days off' the Cat 
Keys; but at 4 p. m. discovered a ship which we. I- 
gave chase to, and which ultimately led us through! 
the passage. It being now out of my power to get ' 
to windward, I shaped a course to the northward ) 
and eastward with a strong gale from the southward j 
and westward, in hopes of meeting with some strag.! 
gling vessels of the convoy, and having proceeded j 
as far in this direction as I thought my instructions I 
would authorise, without seeing a single sail, I al- L 
tered my course to the westward. 

The Rattlesnake has been under her topsails the i 
greater part of the cruise, except when irt chase, or | 
avoiding superior force. 

Lieut. Renshaw has rendered me every as"sistance a ' 
and has discharged his duty with Zealand ability. — ( 
The Enterprize is as gallant a little vessel as ever j 
floated — at the same time one of the dullest in point { 
of sailing; she has escaped capture to be sure, but j 
altogether by good fortune and the great exertions j 
of her officers and men. I assure you, sir, she has j 
caused me much anxiety and uneasiness from that 
particular alone. On board both brigs are about 70 
j prisoners, among them is a midshipman and nine 
men belonging to the frigate Belvidera. The Rat- 
tlesnake will require some repairs, but all I believe 
can be done by our own carpenters; her mainmast- } 
head is badly sprung, and will have to be fished, and 
the upper part of her stem has worked loose in con» 
sequence of the shortness of the scarf, and the very 
careless manner in which it was bolted; but rest as- 
sured, sir, she shall be ready for sea with all possi* 
ble despatch. 

I am happy to add the officers and men of both 
brigs have enjoyed the highest health; not a single 
death having taking place on either vessel. I regret 
being obliged to return so soon, but as it became ne- 
cessary 1 trust it will meet your approbation. 

I have the honor to be with the highest considera- 
tion and respect, your obedient and very humble ser- 
Hon. William Jones. 

Secretary of the navy. 

Copy of a letter from lieut Renshaw, commanding the 
U. S. brig Enterprize, to lieut. Creighton, dated 
U. S. brig Enterprize, Cape Fear 

River, N. C. 7th Match, 1814» 
Sin— -I have the honor to acquaint you with the 
arrival at this anchorage of the United States brig 
Enterprize under my command. The enemy's fri- 
gate that caused the separation of the two brigs 
Rattlesnake and Enterprize, on the morning of the 
25th ultimo, continued in chase of the latter vessel 
for upwards of 70 hours; during which time she 
was repeatedly within 2 1-2 miles; and on the morn-. 
ing of the 27th in a calm, observed the enemy mak- 
ing preparations for the hoisting out of her boats.— 
To a light breeze springing up at this time fro*** the 



S. W. which brought the Enterprise to windward, 
atone is attributed our escape of this day; the frigate 
biing within gun shot at the time. In the early part 
of the chase, by the advice and wishes of all rny 
officers, as the only alternative left us, the sheet an- 
chor and 15 of oiu* guns were thrown overboard to 
lighten the brig. Be assured, sir, that this painful 
measure was not resorted to, until almost every 
prospect of escape had left us, and the evident be- 
lief! tsarisin, 'ram what little we bad lightened her 
by the pumping out of* the salt water. In the chase 
I made the private signal of the day, as also "No. 828 
from signal book, to the stranger, which were not 
an- vered. 

I nave the honor to be, most- respectfully sir, your 

•it 'servant, 


r ohni 0. Creighton, 

Kdndiiig U. & brig Rattlesnake. 

f vessels captured and spoken by the brigs Rat- and Enterprize under the command of. 



'eight on. 

mry 18, 1814. Lat. 27, 4, N.long. 57, 34, W. captured the 
s . brig Isabella, sent in and arrived, being in possession of 
' . -x-.ny. 

wary 20— Lat. 26, 55, N. long. 57, 34, W. captured the Swe- 
I ship Sincerity, of Stockholm, bound to Amelia, sent in having 
English merchandize ; arrived. 

February — PoY»o Rico bearing S. by E. distant 3 leagues, board 
eu* a Spanish sloop and schooner, from St. Juan, bound to Leeward, 
permitted tbem to proceed. 

February 3— Porto Rico bearing S. W. distant 8 leagues, boarded 
a Spanish achooner from Maracaybo, bound to St. Johns, Port* Ri- 
co; with a cargo of logwood and cotton, permitted to proceed. 

February 7— Lat. 2 \ 44, N. 16 ng. 84, 44, W. captured the English 
brig Rambler, from Cape Francois, bound to St. Thomas with 
coffee : burnt her. 

February iO,— Lat. 19, 86, N. long 70, 31 , W. boarded the Spanish 
schooner Penelope from Providence, bound to Jamaica ; permitted 
-hef to proceed. 
m February 11— Lat. 20, 30, N". long. 80, 13, W. boarded die Ame- 
rican schooner Louisiana from New-Orleans, bound to St. Jago de 
Cuba, with passengers; permitted bar to proceed, 

February 19— Lat. 24 15, N.long. 84, W. boarded a Swedish brig 
from Martinico, bound to Havana; permitted her to proceed. 

February 20— Lat. 23, 55, long. 82, 5, W. boarded a Spanish ship 
from Havana, bound to Boston, 16 hours out ; permitted her to pro- 

February 22— Lat. 25, 35, long. 80, 10, W. boarded the American 
privateer Rapid, from Charleston, on a cruise. 

February 23 — Lat. 27 05, N. 8f, 12, W. Cape Florida, bearing 
W. by S. distant 5 leagues, captured the English schooners Mars 
and Eliza, the former from New Providence on a cruise, the latter 
frdm Nassau to Peasacola with suit. 

(Signed) JOHN O. CRELGHTON, Commander. 

American Prizes. 

'The winds and seas are Britain's wide domain, 
"And not a sail, but by permission spreads !" 

British Naval Register. 

810. Brig ■, captured by the Fox, of Salem, 

laden with provisions, afterwards overhauled apd 
burnt by two French frigates, supposing her to be a 

811. Schooner Mary, of Jamaica, captured by the 
Macedonian letter of marque of Baltimore, and ran- 

812 Sloop — ; — , from Jamaica for the Spanish 
Maine, captured by the Hope, arrived at Philadel- 
phia,divested of a quantity of dry goods and given up. 

813. Ship Wanderer, 7 guns, from London for 
Jamaica, loaded with plantation scores ; captured 
by the President frigate, deprived of her light arti- 
cles and su»k. 

814. Ship Edward, 6 guns, from London for La- 
guira, captured by ditto and sunk. 

815. Schooner Jonathan, laden with dry goods and 
rum, captured by the same, divested of her cargo, 
and sunk. 

816. Bi\g Britannia, from Lisbon for London, Ja- 
€?/!; with spirit, &c. sent .into New Bedford by the 
Mars of New 1 York. 

817. Schooner Curfew, laden with fish and oil from 
Nova Scotia for St. Lucia, sent into Marblchcad, by 
the Alfred of Salem. 

8i 8. Brig Tercilla, laden with fish, fr©m St John's 
N. F. for Bermuda, captured by ditto and burnt. 

819. Ship , full built vessel of 500 tons, 

st^nt into Beaufort, N. C. by the Chasseur of Balti- 
more, from Liverpool for Pensacola, with a mighty 
cargo of crockery, hardware, white lead, dry guods, 
Sec. She is under Swedish colors, but the property 
is unquestionably British. From the papers found on 
board this ship, we hope to hail the arrival of several 
other like excellent prizes. 

820. Ship of 400 tons, armed with 12 long twelve 
pounders, from Smyrna, with an immensely valuable 
cargo of Turkey goods, sent into the isle of Batz, 
(France) by the True Blooded Yankee. 

821. Ship of 400 tons, 16 guns nine pounders, 
with a full cargo of hides, tallow, Sec. from Buenos 
Ayres, sent into Abrevrach, (France) by the True 
Blooded Yankee. 

02/" Those are in addition to the prizes already 
stated to have been made by this astonishing vessel. 
She has arrived at Brest, full of the richest spoils 
of the enemy. 

822. Two vessels captured by the Frolic of Sa- 
lem, one destroyed, the other made a cartel of. 

823. Armed schooner, from Halifax, formerly the 
American privateer, Eldridge Gerry, of Portland, 
laden with fish and oil, sent into Cape Francois, by 
a Baltimore letter of marque. 

824. Ship , laden with dry goods, &c. captured 

by the letter of marque schr. Delille,of Baltimore, 
on her passage from Bordeaux to Hew Orleans, and 
sunk. The Delille had previously captured and 
manned a very valuable vessel, and could not sjjare 
hands to navigate the second prize. 

825. Ship — — , with a full cargo of drugs, «*?, 
paints, Sec. sent into St. Mary's by the United States 
brig Enterprize. This vessel is called a neutral ; 
but from the facts that appear we put her down for 
a "capital prize." She was from Liverpool, bound 
to Amelia.island. The supercargo is an American 
citizen and claims the property as his own ! 

826. Brig Superb, with a cargo of salt, sent into 
Charleston by the Mars of New York. 

827. British privateer Mars, a fine vessel, capiat 
ed by the United States' brigs Rattlesnake and Ell- 
terprize, and sent into Wilmington, (N. C.) 

The Mars has 12 mounted guns, besides 2 in the 
hold. When she was boarded she was off Cape 
Florida and had about 46 blacks on board, the white 
crew except the captain and one other hand rowed 
off, being apprehensive of impressment from the two 
brigs which they supposed to be English. 

Thi^s vessel had done an astonishingly active bu« 
siness among the "neutrals." She had taken about 
twenty-six of them and one American vessel. 

828. Brig Juno, with a cargo of 24,000 gallons of. 
oil, fish, &c. a prize to the Grand Turk, of Salem; 
has arrived at Roscott, near Morlaix, France. 

829. Brig Friends, of Halifax, from Grenada, with 
112 puncheons of rum; taken by the Diomede, of 
Salem, and chased on shore on Long Island, by three 
men of war*— cargo saved. 

830. Schooner Sea Flower, captured by the letter 
of marque schooner Tuckahoe of Baltimore, on her 
passage to Aux Cayes, and burnt. 

831. Schooner Hazard, from Nassau for St. Do* 
rn^ngo, captured by ditto, and given up, Sec. The 
Tuckahoe has safely arrived at Boston, after cap- 
turing another valuable vessel, which was manned 
and ordered for port. The following account of her 
hair-breadth 'scapes is very interesting. On the 27th 
February was chaseU by a frtjate and tv.*o brigs tff 


war. On the OSth was chased by a frigate. March 8 
was chased all day bv a frigate, wind light; escaped 
in the night. On the 9th was chased six hours by a 
brig of war. On the 11th, in sight of Long Island, a 
frigate with ft brig in co. bore down within musket 
shot — hauled upon a wind and escaped. On the 15th, 
-\t 6 A. M. saw a frigate on the weather quarter 
standing for the schooner under a press of sail; at 
half past 6, saw another frigate on the weather beam; 
at 40 minutes past 6, saw another frigate on the lee 
quarter, at 9, saw another frigate on the bow; at 10 
minutes past 9 saw another frigate on the lee bow, 
a brig of war in sight right ahead! They all crowded 
fail in. chase,- but the Tuckahoe outmanoeuvred the 
whole of them! 

832. Brig Sovereign, of and for Liverpool, of 300 
tons, with an assorted cargo, sent into Portsmouth 
by the America of Salem. 

833. The great ship Diana, an outward bound 
Indiaman, laden with spars, captured by the Ame 
rica, and burnt. 

S34. Schooner William, laden with sugar, coffee 
and molasses, from Martinique for St. Thomas, 
captured by the Diomede, and sent into Savannah. 

835. Schooner Mary and Joseph, from Grenada for 
St. Thomas, with 66 hhds of rum and 7 of sugar, 
sent into New- York, by the Diomede. 

836. Brig Bykar, laden with earthen ware, hollow 
ware, &c. sent into Gloucester by the Fox. 

837. Schooner Hope sent into Bristol by the Dio- 
mede — cargo rum, sugar and lime juice. 

838. Brig Rambler, from Cape Francois for St. Tho- 
mas, laden with coffee, captured by the Rattle- 
snake and Enterprize, and burnt. 

839. Schooner Eliza, captured by the same — laden 
with salt. 

840. Ship Lady Prevost, of London, in ballast, 
sent into Wilmington, N. C. by-the letter of marque 
Invincible of Salem. 

S41. Schooner Susan and Eliza, of Bermuda, laden 
with 120.000 lbs. coffee, sent into Wilmington, N. 
C. by the Mars of New-York. 

842. Schooner , called a Spaniard, but witl 

a British liqense and a good prize, sent into New> 
port by the'Viper. 

843. Schooner — 

-, valuable; laden with dry 
goods and provisions sent into North Carolina by 
the Fairy of Baltimore. 

844. Brig Falcon, 200 tons, 10 guns, from London 
for the Cape of Good Hope, laden with dry goods, 
invoiced at £50,000 sterling, captured off Madei- 
ra, and sent into Bath by the America of Salem. 

845. Brig Superb, sent into Charleston by the 
Mars of New-York. 

846. Schooner , laden with rum and sugar, 

Sent into Newport by tke Viper. 

847. Ship , under Russian colors, from Pen- 

sacola for London, laden with 1,100 bales of cotton, 
sent into Savannah by the Saucy Jack of Charleston. 
Cargo supposed British. 

Total for the last four -weeks. — Prizes safely arrived 
or satisfactorily accounted for, 39 vessels: estimated 
at toe value of $2,070,000. 

OCj* It is calculated, that the late decisions of the 
supreme court of the United States, regarding ves- 
cc-ls sailing under British licenses, &c. (and general- 
ly, :-,iih. rom, on truly British account) will throw 
into the hands of the owners of the private armed 
vessels belonging to Salem aud Marblehead, only, 
the f-.ri')rmr>us amount of six hundred and fifty ilioii- 
sand dollars. None of these prizes have been noticed 
in our list. The whole of them may be worth, not 
less than two, and possibly as high as four millions. 


The nomination of Return J. Meigs, esq. to the office of pQ#£ 
master general was unanimously confirmed by the senate. 

It appears that two of the French frigates that have lately vexed 
the British commerce in the West Indies, have been captured^ 
and carried to Barbadoes, by the Venerable, of 74 guns. 

In New-Jersey an act has been passed to vest in trustees the es- 
tates of habitual drunkards and gamblers, and to prevent drunken- 
ness and gambling. After the conviction of these crimes, no act 
or deed is valid in law respecting their estates. 

II is not easy to make up an opinion on the state of things in 
Europe, the shreds of of intelligence being vague, desultory and 
evidently partial on both sides. It appears, however, that the 
Republic of Holland is extinguished. The former Stadholder has 
assumed the title of ''Sovereign Prince of the Netherlands," and 
from every thing we see there is reason to conclude that the go- 
vernment will be despotic. The British papers intimate a desigR 
of annexing all that tract of country known by the general name 
of Flanders to her principality. It is understood that the young 
prince of Orange is to marry the daughter of the prince of Wales, 
presumptive heir of the throne of the United Kingdom*. Some 
accounts say, that 300 ,000 troops of the Allies, have crossed the 
Rhine, and that some large bodies have marched for Italy, through 
Switzerland. Of JVellington, near Bayonne, we know nothing - 
certainly— some speculations are offered as though it were possi- 
ble that an army of the Allies, entering France on the route to 
Lyons, might form a junction with him. It was rumored in Lon- 
don that a deputation from ancient Normandy, had made a direct 
application to the French princes of the house of Bourbon to re~ 
turn, promising to raise the standard against Napoleon, &c It cer- 
tainly appears that Bonaparte is most closely pressed ; but the peo- 
ple seem faithful to him, and if they are and continue so, he will 
drive out the invaders. He is making extraordinary exertions 
to collect and organize his troops ; and they appear to be actuated 
with a high spirit and great zeal for the service: The next arrival! 
from Europe will probably give us intelligence in a regular shape^ 
of events of mighty importance. Wb are inclided now to believe 
that the J3n'fw7i have succeeded in diverting the Allies from their 
original design of making a liberal peace with France ; but the ac- 
counts, as before observed, are so desultory that we have not what 
to calculate upon. 

New Hampshire election. We have not yet received certain ac- 
counts of the result of the late election in New Hampshire for go- 
vernor, council, senate and assembly. But this is admitted, that 
the "republicans''' have gained considerably on then* opponents, if 
they have not defeated them. 

Governor Snyder has rejected the bill for incorporating/orry-tajo 1 
new banks, that passed the legislature of Pennsylvania. We re- 
gret that we havenot room to insert his reasons for the procedure 
this week. But the bill has, notwithstanding, become a law, having- 
been passedjin both houses by two thirds of the members voting iro, 
favor of it. We fear it will be fruitful in calamity. 

Proceedings of Congress. 


Saturday, March 19. — After disposing of soraer 
private business, the senate resumed the considera- 
tion of the loan bill. 

The question was taken on the amendments re- 
ported by Mr. King, from the committee to whom 
the bill had been referred, and negatived, yeas 8, 
nays 19. 

The bill was then read the third time by unani- 
mous consent, and on the question "shall this bill 
pass ?" it was decided in the affirmative as follows : 

YEAS. — Messrs. Anderson, Bibb of Geo. Bledsoe, Brown, Cbaeej ' 
Condit, Fromentin, Gaillard, German, Giles, Gilman, Howell 
Lacock, Morrow, Robert?, Smith, Stone, Tait, Taylor, Turner, 
Varnum, Worthington--22. 

NAYS.— Messrs. Goldsborough. Gore, Hunter, King, Lambert, 
Mason — 6. 

$phThe proceedings of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, though in type, must be omitted. 
Nothing of importance dotte. The Yazoo 
claims' bill undecided. 


burnished at a call of the House of Representa- t 
tives, on an enquiry into the causes of the failure of 
our arms, so completely monopolizes our pages as to 
exclude many things desired to be inserted. But 
they properly belong to this work and must have the 
precedence. "We were wrong in saying that these 
papers, which sell for one dollar, would cost the pa- 
trons of the Reg isteh but .fifteen cents; they will 
cost them from 20 to 25 cents. 

We never commence one of these long continued 
series of documents without becoming heartily wea^ 
ried of them before thev are finished. 


No. 5 of vot. VI.] 

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, Aritn. % 1814. 

[whou NO. 135, 

Hxc olim inerninisse jnvabit. — VritGlIi. 

Printed and published by H. Niz.158, South-st. next door to the Merchants' Coffee House, at $ 5 per anmtvi. 

Navy of the United States. 

In senate of the United St ate a, March 18th 1814. 
— Mi*. Gaillard communicated the following* docu- 
ments, which, on his motion, were ordered to be 
printed for the use of the senate. 

SAM. A. OTIS, secretary. 

jtavy department, Feb. 22d, 1814. 

Sir— ! have the honor to submit the following in 
Answer to your letter of the 20th December last. 

Three ships of 74 gams each* and of the largest 
class, are now building, of prime materials, and in 
the most substantial and durable manner, viz: one 
at Portsmouth, N. H. one at Charleston, Mass. and 
one at Philadelphia. The two former, it is expect- 
ed, will be launched in the month of July, and the 
latter in the month of December next. 

Three ships of 44 guns each, of the largest class, 
are also building, of durable materials, in the best 
manner, viz : one at Philadelphia* one at Baltimore, 
•and one at the navy yard in this city. The two for- 
mer, it is expected, will be launched by the middle 
<if April, and the latter,-in all the month of July next. 

The six sloops of war, authorised by law, have 
all been built, in the most substantial manner, and 
of good materials. Two of which are ready for sea; 
three more have nearly completed their crews, and 
will, probably, be ready for sea in ten or twelve 
days, and the 6th is now equipping at the navy yard 
in this city. 

Six barges have been purchased at Philadelphia; 
iiltso, four at Baltimore, and one at Norfolk. 

Eight have been built at Baltimore; ten are nearly 
completed on the Eastern shore of Maryland; four 
have been buMt, and one is now building at the navy 
yard in this cay; five are building at Charleston, S. 
C. ; six at St. Mary's, Georgia; and preparatory 
measures are now in operation to increase the force 
in North Carolina, and at New Orleans, in vessels 
of this description, as fast as men can be procured 
to man them. .< 

Previous to the year 1813, it appears that no tim- 
ber had been procured under the act of March 30th, 
1818; but early in the year 1813, timber to the 
amount of 23,000 dollars* was purchased at Balti- 
more, under the act of March 30th, 1812, "suita- 
ble for rebuilding the frigates Philadelphia, General 
Green, New York, and Boston;" but as there is no 
approbation or authority to rebuild those frigates, 
and as the Philadelphia is not in existence, and the 
General Green, New Yoi4t, and Boston, are rotten 
worthless hulks, fhat would cost much more, in 
proportion to their value, to rebuild them than to 
build new frigates, of a better class, and vastly su- 
perior construction, apart of that timber has been 
applied to the building of the 44 and the sloops of 
war at Baltimore, and the 74 and 44 at Philadelphia. 

Contracts for, and purchases of, timber, to a very 
considerable amount, have been made for naval pur- 
poses during the year 1813* but which have not been 
charged to the particular appropriation of the 30th 
of March, 1812, though applied to the same pur- 
poses as timber charypa-bte to thtft aTjpToni'i-at^n 

would have been, viz: m building the three 74's, at 
Portsmouth, Charlestown, and Philadelphia, the 44 
gun ship at the latter place, and the 44 and sloop 
of war at the navy yard in this city; also, in ihe re- 
pairs of the ships of the navy* and in preparing se- 
veral setts of spare masts, spars, tops, See. Sec. ready 
for the ships which may return damaged; and the 
residue is applicable to similar purposes. 

These have heen charged, either under the head 
of repairs, or to the appropriation for building 74'$ 
and frigates; which appropriations, it is conceived, 
are properly chargeable with timber purchased for 
those purposes. Six cargoes, amounting to twenty -six; 
hundred tons, of Georgia yellow pine timber, which 
had been cut for the use of the British navy, but 
entered the eastern ports of the United States, on 
account of the war, have been purchased, on favora- 
ble terms; also, a prize cargo of northern timber. — 
These are properly chargeable to the annual appro* 
propriation of the purchase of timber. A contract 
was made, in August last, for the delivery, at Nor- 
folk and this place, of a quantity of yellow pine 
plank, thick stuff, beams, and mast pieces, suffi- 
cient for two ships of 74 guns each, and two 44 gim 
frigates. The timber, under this contract, is now 
delivering. Contracts for timber, yet to be deliver- 
ed, have been made at the eastern stations, the par- 
ticulars of which are not yet in the department. A 
recent contract has been made at Philadelphia, for 
White oak plank, thick stuff, beams, and knees; and 
for yellow pine plank, and beams sufficient for a 74 
and a 44 gun ship; and for fifty sticks of yellow pine 
for masts and spars. These are chargeable upon the 
appropriation of the 30th of March, 1813. 

No contracts for live oak timber have yet been 
made, as the transportation is impracticable under 
existing circumstances; and if collected in consider- 
able quantities at landings accessible to vessels fit 
for transportation, they would be equally so to the 
enemy* and the timber, when collected., would be 
liable to destruction. As live oak is exclusively 
applied to the frame of timbers* which constitute 
the form and mould of the ship, it is tiecessary that 
the timber should be cut and shaped, not only to> 
the particular curve for Which each piece is design- 
ed, but to its true oblique dimensions ; otherwise 
great waste in the conversion, and expense in trans* 
portation will ensue; for this purpose it is necessa- 
ry that draughts or designs of the contemplated 
ships should be determined, proper moulds made by 
Which to cut and shape the timber, and mechanics 
employed to superintend the execution of the con- 
tracts. Hence, contracts for timber of tliis descrip- 
tion cannot be made and executed with the same fa- 
cility and certainty as for straight rectangular tint* 

It is, therefore, Considered that a state of peace 
will be much more favorable to the collection of a 
stock of timber of this description than that of war, 
in which it can neither be transported to the dock 
yards nor deposited in safety at the seacoast land- 
ings. Nevertheless it is contemplated to make the 
necessary arrangements for such sup-plies of suita- 
ble live oa*r tittroer as may behatl in places n*f sSffetv. 



On this subject it is very satisfactory to learn, (midshipmen, and 3,600 additional seamen, oidina. 
that our resources in timber of this kind are lately J seamen, and boys. 

extended, in the abundance which may be procured J The act of the 30th of March, 1812, vol. j 
from the shores of the bays and waters neat* the J page 89, authorises officers and seamen of the 

mouth of the Mississippi. This species of timber 
requires very little seasoning; six months' docking 
will render it perfectly fit for use. 

No further steps have been taken in relation to 
the dock yards, than general inquiry and proper de- 
liberation, in order to determine upon the best site 
in a central situation. 

The result has decided in favor of the right bank 
of the Hudson, above the highlands. The motives 
to this decision were, from considering the contem- 
plated dock yard as the nucleus around which a 
great naval establishment may be formed, compri- 
sing wet and dry dock, forges, founderies, boring, 
rolling, saw, and block mills, blast and smelting 
furnaces, an armory, hydraulic engines, rope works, 
manufactories of sail-duck, and work shops of all 
kinds, which will require a copious head of wateF, 
readily commanded in this vicinity. Here also, will 
be the main arsenal and depot of timber, and mate- 
rials of all kinds, and the principal dock yard for 
constructing and repairing ships of war, Such an 
establishment in any of our seaports, accessible to 
ships of the line, would form so great a temptation 
to a powerful enemy as to render destruction certain, 
unless protected by forts and garrisons of the most 
formidable and expensive nature. 

The natural defences at the pass of the highlands, 
are such as to remove all doubt on this subject, and 
supercede the necessity of a large protecting force. 

The Hudson is a deep, bold, noble stream, of 
easy and safe navigation. The surrounding country 
produces abundance of iron, and large quantities 
of hemp; and the banks of the Hudson furnish a va- 
riety of timber fit for naval purposes. The commu- 
nication with the north ren and western lake*;, is more 
direct and favorable to the distribution of naval and 
military stores than any other situation that can be 
selected. The only objection of importance that I 
have heard suggested, is, that the Hudson at this 
point is closed by the iee^a fortnight sooner, and 
opens a fortnight later, than at New York; but this 
objection is greatly overbalanced by the extraordi- 
nary advantages of the situation. 

In order to select the most suitable situation, a 
careful examination, and survey, under the direc- 
tion of some of our most experienced officers, aided 
by a skilful engineer, appears to be indispensable, 
an opportunity for which has been prevented by the 
active operations of the war, and consequent occu- 
pation of the officers best qualified for this service. 

The number of seamen, ordinary seamen, and 
boys, authorised by law, is indefinite and discretion- 
ary with the president, as will appear by the follow- 
ing reference: 

The act of congress of the 21st of April, 1806, 
vol.8, page 109, limits the officers, seamen, ordina- 
ry seamen and boys, to 

13 captains, 

' 9 marters commandant, 
72 lieutenants, 
150 midshipmen, and 
925 seamen, ordinary seamen, and boys. 
The act of the same date, page 152, authorises the 
president to man and equip the gunboats. 

The act of the 3d of March, 1807, vol. 8, page 
207, authorises the employment of 500 additional 
seamen, ordinary seamen, and boys. 

The act of the 31st January, 1809, vol. 9, page 
206, authorises the employment of 300 additional 

to be increased so far as may be necessary to offic<j. 
man, and equip the vessels to be put in service. 

The act of the 2nd of January, 1813, page 34 j) 
provides for the building, officering, and mannin i 
four 74fh and six frigates. 

The act of the 3d of March, 1813, page 429, a ■ 
thorises the president to build six sloops of w: h 
and to build,' or procure, such a number of sloo j 
of war, or other armed vessels on the lakes, as i\ 
public service may require; and to appoint such ol 
cers, and to employ the number of seamen,, as m 
be necessary for such vessels as are authorised 1 
law to be put in commission. 

The act of the 5th of July, 1813, vol. 12, pal 
10, authorises the president to cause to be bui 1 
equipped, and manned, such number of barges I 
he may deem necessary. 

There is no correct data in the department, K 
which to ascertain the actual number of seamen, oj 
dinary seamen, and boys, employed at any one peir 
od. The longest period of enlistment being for tvl 
years, and in many cases for the flotilla service, f<| 
a shorter period; the number is constantly fluctui 
ting, and, consequently, cannot be correctly ascej- 
tained; but it is believed, from a general view I 
the subject by the accountant and myself, that tlj 1 
number employed during the year 1813, has consj 
derably exceeded the estimate for that year. 

There is not at this time, in the department, su! 1 
ficient data upoh which to estimate the number in 
gunboats actually fit foi* service; some have unde I 
gone partial repairs, while others have deteriorate^ 

The following will show the number on each st j. 
tion, and their presumed condition, viz:. 

Portsmouth, N.H. 

in service 








Rhode Island, 



New London, 



New York, 


In ordinary, fit for service 

Delaware bay, in service 

In ordinary, fit for service 

Baltimore in service 

Potomac, do. 

Norfolk, in service, and ready for ser- 
vice but very lightly manned—re- 
cruiting as men offer, 




North Carolina, 

in service 


South Carolina 






New Orleans, 




When it Is considered that six large sloops of wa 
have been built, equipped and manned, in our se: 
ports, and three sloops of war and one ship of j 
guns on the lakes, within the preceding eigl 
months; that three 74's and three 44's will be addej 
this year, but ivhich are yet to be manned, and thaj 
provision still exists for building one 74 and thre, 
44's as soon as suitable materials can be had; it ar.| 
pears to me that any further provision at present fo 
the increase of our naval force, would not add t< 
its efficiency, and therefore, is not necessary; ex 
cept such as 1 have suggested in my letter to t& 



chairman of the naval committee of the house of 
representatives, a copy of which I have the honor to 
enclose; and even of that description, the number 
{Might to be very moderate, when the contemplated 
Increase of our force on the Likes, and the demand 
for experienced officers and seamen, which the very 
rapid augmentation of our force has created, are 
taken into view. The flotilla service, moreover is 
still very deficient in men. We may readily and 
rapidly add any reasonable number of vessels to our 
force, but their armament and many important parts 
of their equipment of every description, will be to 
fabricate. The cannon founder ies are itw in number, 
and none of any note north of tljp waters of the Chesa- 
peake. These have been, are now, and will be ful- 
ly engaged during the present year, in fabricating 
the ordnance required for the force already autho 
rised. The private armed vessels cannot at this time 
procure their armament of a proper kind on any 

With tlte rapid increase of our naval force, the 
promotion of young officers has been necessarily very 
rapid,- and those whose experience and talents have 
exalted our flag are comparatively few in number. 
Therefore, however desirable it may be to give the 
senior lieutenants separate commands in which they 
would be useful to their country and acquire honor 
to themselves, it will leave our 74's and frigates, 
and squadrons on the lakes without officers of suffi 
cient experience. This has been a subject of serious 
solicitude with some of our commanders; and the 
tenacious policy of our naval system precludes the 
a dmission of talent and experience from any other 
source than lineal promotion. It is true, sailing mas- 
ters have been promoted lieutenants, under special 
circumstances; and I perceive no good reason why 
this experienced and valuable class of officers should 
not be as regularly entitled to promotion as midship- 

With these views the honorable committee will be 
enabled to appreciate the arguments which I have 
deemed it proper to offer for their consideration. 

I also beg leave to suggest the propriety of aug- 
menting the marine corps from the present esta- 
blishment 1,869, to 2,652, and to increase the num- 
berof commissioned officers in the same proportion 
as in the infantry of the army, 

It is not necessary to recall the recollection of the 
honorable committee to the gallant part this dis- 
tinguished corps has acted in all the noble victories 
which have been achieved ; nor to its character for 
discipline, valor, and patient endurance, of the most 
severe service on the lakes, in which it has suffered 
excessively ; suffice it to say, that it is not surpassed 
by any body of men in the service of the United 
States, though seen only in the back ground of the 
picture, and without the ordinary inducements to 
noble actions — a reasonable prospect of promotion, 
with a sprig of the laurel which it may help to ga- 
ther. The augmentation which I recommend, will 
be actually necessary for the force now authorised, 
as will be illustrated by the estimate which accom- 
panies this. This corps is, moreover, exceedingly 
useful at our several naval stations, and from its am- 
phibious character calculated to render important 
services in every situation, 

We have a right, sir, to anticipate during the enr 
suing summer, the most urgent occasion for the vi- 
gorous employment of the flotilla for the defence of 
the waters of the United States ; and it has become 
a very interesting question, how that force is to be 
commanded with the best effect. That service is, at 
best, unpopular with the regular officers of the, na- 
vy; and the, services «f those officers, who are quali- 

fied for separate command are required to meet tlia 
increased demand for the regular naval force, parti- 
cularly on the lakes, which is very pressing. Those 
officers who are deficient in experience, are justly 
averse to the flotilla service ; because they can ac- 
quire but very little useful professional knowledge ; 
and indeed, it is a service in which those, who am 
to form the officers for the ships of war, ought not 
to be engaged. 

There are other intrinsic difficulties in this ser- 
vice which are unknown on board our ships of war. 
The temptations to insubordination and vice are 
much greater in this scattered and amphibious kind 
of force ; and the rigors of naval discipline, unless 
tempered with judgment and great moderation, djls-» 
courage the recruiting for this service. 

Bay and river-craft men, seamen, ordinary sea* 
men who have families, riggers, and naval me-> 
chanics out of employ, will engage in this service 
under a local commander of capacity and influence, 
when they will not engage for the regular naval ser- 

As rank in our naval service can only be attained 
by regular gradation, commanders of talents, local 
knowledge, influence, and distinguished courage, 
cannot be commissioned for this service under the 
present regulations. The necessity of the case, from 
the reasons which I have assigned, has induced the 
employment of a few acting officers with command, 
but without rank, in two of the most important situa- 
tions, viz : New- York harbor and the Chesapeake 
bay, These appointments appear to have given grea;t 
confidence in these districts, and the success in re- 
cruiting for the service on these stations, consider- 
ing the unequal competition of the military and pri- 
vate service, has beep favorable, 

I would, therefore, take the liberty of suggesting 1 
the utility of providing by law, for the appointment 
of four captains, with the same relative rank and 
authority in the flotilla service, and the same pay 
and emoluments, as captains in the navy; and twelve 
lieutenants, with the same relative rank and autho- 
rity in the flotilla service, and the same pay and 
emoluments, as lieutenants in the navy ; but limited 
to the temporary employment of the flotilla without 
rank in the navy, other than in the flotilla in whicU 
they may serve/and subject only to the orders of the 
president of the United States ; iaall other respect^ 
to he governed by the rules and regulations provide^ 
for the government of the navy. 

There is an object of great importance, to. which 
I could have wished to draw your attention, I meai* 
the reorganization of the navy department; for th? 
necessity of which, no one can be more sensible 
than myself; but, really, my faculties have been so 
closely engaged with the multifarious objects, and 
the current and incessant labors of the department^ 
during a period of the most active and important 
Operations, that I have had no leisure to deliberate 
upon and digest a system satisfactory to myself, or 
such as I can present to you at this tinve. And, as it 
is better to labor with known evils than to hazard a 
premature and inadequate system, I have thought i£ 
best to postpone the subject for the present; respect- 
fully submitting, however, to the wisdom of con, 
gress to revise the system if it shall deem it nqyr 

I have the honor to be, 
Very respectfully sir, 
Your obedient servant, 

Honorable John Gaillard, qhctfrman 

of the n_tn>al wmmtie? qf the {jg*f*|jr 


NAVY DEPARTMENT, March 4th, 1814. 
SIR, — Agreeably to your intimation I have the honor to transmit, herewith, a list of tiie ships and 
vessels of the navy of the United States, with the rate, station, and name of the commander of each. 
I am, very respectfully, 

Sir, your obedient servant, 

W. JON£S. 
The honorable John Gaillard, chairman 

of the naval committee of tlie senate. 

List of the naval force of the United States. 










Building at Portsmouth, N. H. 
Building at Charlestown, Mass. 
Building at Philadelphia 

New Yorlc 

— - — ; 





John Rogers 



United States 


New London 

Stephen Deqetui 






Charles Stewart 





Building at Philadelphia 




Building at Baltimore 




Building at Washington 




Norfolk, under sailing orders 

Charles Gordon 





Portsmouth, N. Hampshire, fitting 

John Smith 





New London 

Jacob Jones 






David Porter 







Charles Morris 



John Adams 


Cartel to Gottenourg 

Samuel Angus 

Master commandant, 





New York (guard ship) ' 




New London 

James Eiddle 





Portsmouth N.H. under saling orders 

Johnson Blakely 






Joseph Bainbiidge 





New York, under sailing order* 

Lewis Warrington 





Baltimore, ready ibr sea , 

C. G. Ridgely 






Robert T. Spence 





Washington, fitting for sea 





New Orleans 

Danl. T. Patterson 

M. com. commanding: 


Essex junior 



John Down's 

Master commandant 






Etna Bomb 


New Orleans 




Savannah ^guard ship) 





George Parker 






John O. Creighton 






James Renshaw 

Lieut, commandajrt 


Carol iua 



Charleston, S. C. 

John D. Henley 

Master commandant 


Nonsuch J . 



Charleston, S. C. 

Lawrence Kearney 

Lieut, commandant 

United States' naval force on the Lakes. 

- — : " ' ■■? — r— ■ 








General Pike 



Lake Ontario 

Isaac Chauncey 




Wjlliam M. Crane 

Master commandant 1 





Thomas Brown 

Lieut, commandant 





M. T.Woolsey 

Master commandant 


Gov. Tompluns 

8 I 

St. Clair Elliott 

Midshipman com. 









Samuel W. Adams 

Lieut, commandant 




Henry Wells 



Fair American 

2 ! 

Wolcott Chauncey 





John Stevens 

Sailing Master 




Philander A. JOnes 

Lieut, commaudaft 








Lady of the Lake 


Mervine P. Mix 

Sailing Master 




Jesse D. Elliott 





Lake Erie > 

SM. com. commamdirfg 










Queen Charlotte 



io r 

[Captured from the enemy] J 


Lady Prevost 





















I ygrrss 







Lake Champl&n 

j T. Macdoncugh 

M. com. commanding 


| Commodore Prebk 





Gunboats, barges, &c. 


New Orleans 

Charleston, S. C. 
Wilmington, N.C. 
New York 
Lake Champlain 
New London 
Newport. R. I. 
New Badtord 
Portsmouth, N. H. 




4 15 

Armed vessels attached to stations tr JlotillaS' 

Schr. Flying Fjsb, Sea Hor^e & sloop Tickler 

Schooner Alligator 

1 Bomb 

Schooner* Sforpion, Hornet 8c cutter A?p. 

pilot bo^t 

loops, 1 schooner. 



T. N. Gamier 

Joseph Tarbelll Acting lieutenant 

Captain Commanding 


armed vessels 

Navy Department, March 4, 1814 

Proceedings of Congress. 


.Friday, March 25.— Mr. Gore submitted the fol- 
lowing motion for consideration : _ 

.Resolved, That the President of the United States 
be requested to cause to be laid before the Senate 
copies of the following' commissions, viz : of those 
granted to William Paca, district judge of Mary- 
land, and to William Nelson, jr. marshal of the 
district of Virginia, referred to in the message ot 
the President, dated Feb. 9, 1790: of that granted 
to John Rutledge, Chief Justice of the United 
States, referred to in the President's message of 
December 10th, A. D. 1795. : and of that granted to 
Albert Gallatin, John Quincy Adams and James. A. 
Bayard, to negociate a treaty of peace with the U- 
nited Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, referred 
to in the president's message of the 9th May last, 
as having been granted daring the recess of the 


The following are the yeas and nays on the ques- 
tion for considering the motion submitted by Mr. 
Gaston on Monday to repeal the embargo, Sec. 
' For eonsidcrationr-ilessrs. Baylias of Mass. Bigelow, Boyd, Brad- 
buvv. Brigham, Breekenridge, Caperton, Champion, Cilly, Coop- 
er, Cox, Culpepper, Davenport, Davis of Mass. Ely, Gaston, 
Geddes, Grosvenor, Hale, Hungerford, Jackson of R. I. Kent of 
N. Y. King of Mass. Law, Lewis, Lovett, Macon, Miller, Moffitt, 
Montgomery, Moseley, Markell, Oakley, Pitkin, Post, J. Reed, 
\V. Reed. Richardson, Ridgelv, Ruggles, Sherwood, Shipherd, 
Smith of N. H. Smith of N. Y. Stanford, Stockton, Sturges, Tag- 
gart, Tallmadge, Thompson, Vose, Ward of Mass. Winter. 
Wood— 53. " * . 

Against consideration— Messrs- Alexander* Alston, Anderson, 
Bard, Burnett, Beall, Bowen, Bradley, Brown, Burwell, Cald- 
well, Calhoun, Chappell, dark, Conard, Crawford, Creighton, 
Crouch, Davis of Pa. Denoyelles, Desha,. Duvali, Earle, Eppes 
Evans, Farrow, Findley, Fisk of Vt. Fisk of N. Y. Forney, For- 
sythe, Franklin, Gholson, Goodwyn, Gourdin, Griffin, Grundy, 
Hall, Harris, Hasbrouek, Hawes, Ingersoll, Ingham, Irving of N. 
Y. Jackson of Va. Johnson of Va. Johnson of Ivy. Kennedy, Kerr, 
Kershaw, King of N. C.Lefferts, Lowndes, Lvle, M'Coy, M'Kee 
M'Kim, M'Lean, Mooije, Murfree, Nelson, Newton, Ormsby, Par- 
ker, Pickens, Piper, Pleasants, Rea of Penn. Rhea of Ten. Rich, 
Roan, Sevier. Seybert, Sharp, Skinner, Smith of Va. Strong, Tay- 
lor, Telfair, Troup, Udree, Ward of N. J . Whitelpill, Williams, 
Wright, Yancey— S6. 

Thursday, March 17.— Mr. Seybert of Penn. from 
the select commiitee, to whom was referred the re- 
solution on the subject of the copper coins, reported 
that it was inexpedient at this time to make any al- 
teration in the copper coins of the United States.— 
Mr. S, presented a letter from the director of the 

mint on the subject, which was read. The report 
was then agreed to. 

An emiuhgo motion. — Mr. Wood of Mass. offer- 
ed for consideration the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the committee of ways and means 
be instructed to enquire into the expediency of al- 
lowing vessels whose cargoes shall consist of fire- 
wood, bark . or lime, to proceed from one porter 
place in a state to one or more ports in the same or 
an adjoining state, under such restrictions and re- 
gulations as the president of the United States shall 
direct ; and also into the expediency of allowing the 
vessels heretofore chiefly employed in the fisheries 
to be employed again in the same business. 

On the question to consider this motion, which oik 
the requisition of Mr. Wood was decided by yeas 
and nays, the vole was as follows : for considering 
it 63, against it 8.0. 

So the house refused now to consider the resolu- 
tion : r ' 

On motion of Mr. Yancey of N. C. the house re- 
solved itself into a commiitee of the whole, Mr. 
Pleasa&ts of Va. in the chair, on the report of the 
committee of ways and means against the expediency 
(into which they had been, on motion of Mr. Yancey, 
instructed to enquire) of amending that provision in 
the act laying duties on licences to retailers, Sec. so 
far as respects the sale of domestic spirits sold in 
less quantities than five gallons, at the place where 
the same shall have bee* distilled, and by the per- 
son to whom licence shall have been granted for that 

Mr. Yancey moved to amend the report so as to 
declare it to be expedient to make the proposed a- 
mendment to the licence law. His object was to 
make it legal for distillers to sell in any quantity not 
less than one gallon. 

After considerable debate in the committee and 
afterwards in the. house — this motion was decided in 
the negative by yeas and nays as follows : 

YE \S— Messrs. Alexander, Alston. Avery, Barnctt Beall, Breek- 
enridge, Burwell, Caldwell, Calhoun, Clark, Cooper, Creighton, 
Culpepper, Davis of Penn. Desha, Duval, Earle, Farrow, Fiml- 
ley, Forney, Forsythe, Franklin, Gaston, Gholson, Goodwyn, 
Grundy. Hall, Harris, Hawes, Hungerlbrd, Jackson of Virg. John- 
son of Virg. Kennedy, Kent of Md. Kerr, Kilbourn, King of N.C. 
Lewis, Lyle, Macon, M'Coy, M'Lean, Montgomery. Moore, Mur- 
free, Nelson, Newton, Ormsby. Pickens, Piper, Pleasants, Rhea 
of Ten. Roan. Sevier, Sharp, Smith of Va. Stanford, Udree, "Wil- 
son of Penn. Yancey — 60. 

NAYS. — Messrs. Anderson, Bard, Baylies of Mass. Bayly of 
Va. Bigelogr; Bavd, Bradbury, Bradley, Srigbaro. Browiij Stfttfv, 


^'^^SStfi^,tflM^^>™S been extended to the „.n.l 
risk of N. Y. Griffin, G.osvenor, Hale, Hasim>uck,Huftv, in&et>| " 0UI * °* adjournment, the committee reported the 
ogham, Irgg Jackson of R. *J l gyj^^*jg^ (>M to the house with certain amendments, and on 

Kkigof Ma&s. Lelfefts, Lovett, Lowndes, M'Kim, Miller, M< 
AioSeky, MArkell. Otakley, Pickering, Pitkin, Post, Potter, John 
Reed, Wm, Reetl, Rea of Penii. Rieli, Richardson, Robertson, 
Ro£gIe& Sage, Seybert ShefFey, Sherwood, Shipherd, Skinner, 
S-nitli of N. Y. Smith of Penn. Stockton, Strong, Stuart. Sturges. 
Taggart, Tallntadee, Tannehill, Taylor, Telfair, Thompson, 
Troop, VosCj Wart of Mass. Ward of N. J. Webster, Wheatou, 
Wiiitchill. Wilcox, Williams, Wilson of Mass. Winter. Wood, 
Wright. -8* 

The house then concurred in the report of the com- 
mittee of ways and means. 

Friday, March 18.-— After disposing of some other 
business, the house resolved itself into a committee 
of the whole, Mr. Breckenridge, of Virg. in the 
chair, on the bill from the senate for authorising* the 
president of the United States to permit the depar- 
ture of Paul Cuffe with a cargo to Sierra Leone ; 
together with the report of the committee of com- 
merce and manufactures against the same. 

[This bill is predicated on the petition of Paul 
Cuffe, an African by descent, which our readers 
will doubtless recollect to have read in our paper 
come weeks ago, and its object is sufficiently ex 
plained by the title of the bill.] 

This bill underwent a discussion of a very diffuse 
nature, and of no little length ; in the course of 
which the object of the bill was supported by 

Messrs. Wheaton, Grosvenor, Pickering, Taggart, Tuesday, March 22 
Baylies, Webster, Farrow, Duval and Shipherd, and amendments of the sf 
opposed by Messrs. Sfewton, Wright, M'Kim, Kerr, 
Ingham, risk of Vt. and Ingersoll. 

This bill was supported on the ground of the ex- 
cellence of the general character of Mr. Cuffe ; the 
philanthropy of his views ; the benefits to humanity 
P.nd religion generally of which a success in these 
views might be productive; the benefits which 
would result to the United States, particularly from 
the establishment of an institution which would in- 
vite the emigration of free blacks, a part of our 
population which we could well spare, &c. &c. 

On the other hand, the bill was opposed on Va- 
rious grounds. Whilst the excellence of the gene- 
ral character of Mr. Cuffe was fully Credited and 
generally admitted, it was said that the bill would 
violate, in favor of a foreign mission, that policy 
Which We had refused to infringe for the sake even 
of our coasters and fishermen ; that Mr. Cuffe 

might depart in neutral vessels with his compa^ons, 
but that it would be improper to permit him Scar- 
ry out a cargo, which was not at all necessary tb his 
Views of propagating the gospel ; that his voyage 
would be contrary to the policy of existing laws, 
independent of the embargo policy, because Sierra 
Leone was a British settlement; that as this was a 
British settlement, in the ^possession of a nation 
claiming and asserted to be the bulwark of our reli- 
gion, there was no occasion for cargoes departing 
from the United States to enable her to carry her 
views into effect, &c. 

Intermingled in this debate was considerable con- 
troversy and something like asperity as to the cha- 
racter of the British nation for religion and humani- 
ty, in wtoich Mr, Pickering of Mass. on the one side, 
and Mr, Kerr of Va. and Fisk of Vt. on the other, 
were the principal debaters, and also on the evil 
Which might result from transporting liberated 
Slaves from this country to a British settlement.- 
The question, however, appeared to the reporter to 
\ tni on the expediency of permitting, under the ex- 
istence of the restrictive system, a cargo to go out 
Which must necessarily sail under British licence 
Vhioh it was argued would not be granted unless it 
Were considered advantageous to the interest of the 
fmemyj:hat such trade should be carried on. 

the question on the passage of the bill to a third 
reading, which was decided bv veas and nays, the 
vote was as follows ; for the bill 65, against it 72. 
So the bill was rejected, and the house adjourned, 
Saturday, March 19. — Nothing of importance 

Monday, March 21.— The Yazoo business was 
taken up. Mr. Wright explained his motives for 
supporting* the present bill, in a speech of consider- 
able length. Mr. Irving, of New York, followed, 
and gave his reason why he should vote for the bill. 
Mr. Forsythe opposed the bill, and was replied to by 
Mr. Oakley — the committee rose and reported their 
agreement to the bill, 76 to 44. The bill being be- 
fore the house, Mr. Hall, moved (to strike out the 
first section of the bill, with a view to the insertion 
of a different section which he offered, not chang- 
ing the principle, but providing for an earlier pay- 
ment of the money therein mentioned into the trea- 
sury of Georgia, negatived. Mr. Forsythe moved 
to strike out the 4th section. Negatived, ayes 62, 
nays 90. Other amendments were proposed, and 
one offered by Mr. Gaston was under consideration 
when the house adjourned. 

The house agreed to all the 
senate to the bill for the better 
organizing and supplying the army, except one. 

The bill for the indemnification of the Yazoo 
claimants was then taken up ; several amendments 
proposed and discussed, and. the house adjourned. 

Wednesday, March 23.— Mr. Brigham presented 
the petition of sundry inhabitants. of Sutton, Milbu- 
ry, &c. in the county of Worcester, Mass. stating 
that they are manufacturers of scythes and mill 
saws, and praying that duties may be laid on the 
importation of those articles. Referred to the com- 
mittee of commerce and manufactures. 

Yazoo claims. — The bill was again before the house. 
Mr. Troup moved its indefinite postponement, and 
entered at large into the merits of the subject, ve- 
hemently opposing any compromise whatsoever. A 
debate ensued, in which Messrs. Farrow, Eppes, 
and Barnett opposed, and Messrs. Findley, Clark and 
Fisk of N. Y. supported the bill. 

Mr. Stanford rose to reply to a remark made by 
Mr. Clark respecting the mutilation of the documents 
in the office of the clerk of this house, which estab- 
lished the fraud in the purchase of the Yazoo lands, 
which fact Mr. S. had asserted some days ago. He 
now reiterated the assertion, and his statement was 
confirmed by Mr. Macon of N. C. and others. 

A good deal of explanatory conversation took 
place on this topic, during which several motions to 
adjourn were made and lost. 

Mr. Nelson of Va. declared his intention of op- 
posing his voice to the passage of the bill ; and com- 
menced a speech in opposition thereto. After pro- 
ceeding a tew minutes, he made a motion to that 
effect, and the house adjourned at half past 5 o'clock. 

Thursday, March 24.— The Yazoo claims' bill 
before the house. After Messrs. Nelson, Gholson, 
Cuthbert and Stanford had opposed, and Messrs. 
Lattimore, (delegate for the Mississippi Territory) 
Yancey and Wright had supported the bill, the 
question on a motion for the indefinite postponement 
of the bill was taken and decided the bill as follows: 

For indefinite postponement — 

YE AS— Messrs, Alexander, Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bard, 
Harnett, Bi-all, Bowen, Brown, Burwell, Caldwell, Calhoun, Con- 
diet, Conard, Crawford, Creighton, Crouch, Cuthbert, Davis of Pen. 
Denoye lies, Desha, Duvall, Earle, Eppes, Evans, Farrow, Franklin, 
Forsythe, Gholson, Goodwin, Griffin, Grundy, Hall, Harris, Hawes, 
, ,JHungeribrd, Ingersoll, Ingjiam, IrwLo, Johnson of Va. Johnson, oi' 



Ky. 'Kennedy, K£rr, King, of N. C. Lefforts, Lyle, Macon, M'Coy, 
■M'Ki-n, M'Lean, Moore, Murfree, Nelson, Newton, Ormshy, Piper, 
Pleasants, Rea of Penn. 'loin, Sage, Seybert, Sharp, Smith of Pen. 
■Smith of Va. Stanford, Strong, Tannehill, Telfair, Troup, Udree, 
WlnteWH, Wilson of Penn.— 72. 

Jlsr dust indefinite postponement — 

NAYS— Messrs. Bayles of Mass. Bigelow, Boyd. Bradbury. Brad- 
lay, Breekenridgv, Brigham, Butler, Champion, CiUey, Clark, Com- 
stock Cooper, Cox, Culpeuper, Davenport, Davis of Mass. Ely, 
Findley, Fisk of Vt. Fisk of N, Y. Forney, Gaston, Geddes, Gour- 
tlin. Grovesnor, Hale, Hasbrouck. Howel, Hufty, Irving, Jackson. 
ofVa. Jackson of R. I. Kent of N. Y. Kershaw, Kilbourn, King of 
Mass. Law, Lewis, Lovett, Lowndes Miller, Moffat, Montgomery, 
Mostly, Markell, Oakley, Parker, Pearson, Pickering, Pickens, Pit- 
kin, Post, Potter, John Reed, William Reed, Richardson, Bjdgeley, 
Robertson, Riiggles, Sherwood, Shiplurd, Skinner, Smith of N. H. 
Smith of N. Y, Stuart, St urges, Taggart, Tallmadge, Taylor, 
Thompson, Vose, Ward of Mass. Ward of"N. J. Webster, Wheaton, 
White, Wilcox, Williams, Wilson of Mass. Winter, Wright, Yan- 
cey- 8 3. 

Further time was spent on the bill; but the house 
adjourned without taken the question. 

Friday March 25.— Much private business being 
disposed of, the house resumed the consideration of 
the Yazoo bill. Several members argued the matter 
pro and con, and proposed many, amendments. At 
6 o'clock in the evening the bill was ordered to be 
engrossed (85 to 65) and the house adjourned. 

Saturday, March 26— The Yazoo claims bill was 
piallv passed by the following vote— 

YEAS— Messrs. Avery, Baylies of Mass. Bigwiow, Boyd, Bradbu } 
xy, Bradley, Breckenridge, Brigharp, Butler, Champion, Cilley 
-Clark, Comstock, Cooper, Cox, Culpepper, Davenport, Davis of 
Mass. Ely. Findley, Fisk of Vt. Fisk of N. Y. Gaston, G-ddes, 
Gonrdin, Grosvenor, Hale, Hanson, Htshrouck, Howell, Hufty. Ir- 
ving, Jackson of R. I. Jackson of Virg. Kent of N. Y. Kershaw, 
Kilbourn, King of Mass. Law, Lewis-, Lovett, Lowndes, Miller, 
Moffitt, Montgomery, Moselev, Marked, Oakley, Parker, Pearson, 
Pickering, Pitkin, Post, Potter, John Re;d, Wm. Reed, Rich, 
Richardson, Ridg-ly, Robertson, Ruggles, Sherwood, Shipberd, 
Skinner, Smith of N. H. Smith of N. Y. Sturges, Taggart, Tall- 
madge, Taylor, Thompson, Vos>, Ward of Miss. Ward of N, J. 
"Webster, Wheaton, White, Wilcox, Williams, Wilson of Mass. 
Winter, Wood, Wright, Yancev— 84. 

NAYS- Messrs. Alexander, Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bard, Bate 
tfiett, BealJ, B owen, Brown, Burweli, Caldwell, Calhoun, Condict, 
Conard, Crawford, Creighton, Crouch, Cuthbert, Davis *f Penn- 
©enoyelles, Desha, Duval, Earle, Eppes, Evans, Farrow, Forsythe, 
Franklin, Gholson, Good vvyn, Griffin, Grundy, Hall, Harris, Hawes, 
Humphreys, Hungerford, Ingersoll, Ingham, Irwin, Johnson of 
'Virg. Johnson of Ky. Kennedy; K-nt of Md. Kerr, King of N. C. 
Lefferts, Lyle, Maeon, M'Coy. M'Kim, M'Lean, Moore, Murfree, 
JjjKelson, Newton, Ormsby, Pickens, Piper, Pleasants, Rea of Penn. 
llinggold, Roan, Sage, Seybert, Shrap, Smith of Penn. Smith of 
Ta. Stanford, Strong, TannehiJ.1, Telfair, Troup, Udree, Whitehall, 
Wilson of Penn-76. 

[In the course of the progress of this bill through 
the house some small amendments were made to it; 
so it was sent to the senate for concurrence. These 
amendments have been agreed to by the senate. — 
The bill, therefore, only wants the signature of the 
president to become a law.] 

Monday, March 28. The house was chiefly occu- 
pied in considering the bill to amend the militia laws. 
It was finally ordered to be engrossed for a third 

Tuesday, March 29. Mr. Hawkins, elected from 
'Kentucky, vice H. Clay, took his seat. 

Several interesting propositions were submitted, 
which shall be noticed in their progress. The en- 
grossed bill to amend the act providing for calling 
out the militia, 8cc. was read the third time, and af- 
ter opposition by Messrs. Tallmadge, Pitkin, and 
Webster, passed, as follows— 

YEAS— Messrs. Alexander, Alston, Anderson, Archer, A very. 
Bard, Barnett, Beall, Bowen, Bradley, Burweli, Butler, Caldwell, 
Calhoun, Chappell, Clark, Comstock, Condit, Conard, Crawford, 
Creighton, Crouch, Cuthbert, Davis of Penn. Denoyelles, Desha, 
Duvall, Eppes, Evans, Farrow, Findley, Forney, Franklin, Gholson 
Goodwyn, Gourdin, Griffin, Grundy, Hall, Harris, Hasbrouck, 
Hawes, Hungerford, Ingersoll, Ingham, Jackson of Va. Johnson of 
Va. Johnson of Ky, Kennedy, Kerr, Kershaw, Kilbourn, King of 
N. C. Lowndes, Lyle, M'Kim, McLean, Montgomery, Murfree, Nel- 
son, Newton, Parker, Pickens, Pleasants, Rea of Penn. Rhea of 
Ten. Rich, Ridgely, Ringgold, Roane, Robertson, Sage, Sevier, 
Seybert, Sharp, Skinner, Smith of Perm. Smith of Va. Stanford, 
Strong, Tannehill, Taylor, Telfair, Udree, Whitehill, Wilson o* 
Penn. Wright, Yancey— 88. 

NAYS— Messrs. Baylies of Mass. Bigelow, Boyd, Bradbury, 
Breckenridge, Brigham, Champion, Cilley, Cooper, Cox, Culpepper, 
-Bayennort. Ely, Gaston, Gcdde.s, Grosvenor, HajeJ Howel,. Hufty, 

Jackson of R. 1. K nt of'N. Y. King of Mass. Law, Lewis, Lovett 
Macon, Mo'f. It, Moor*, Murki II, Oakl -y,P -arson, Pick. ring. Pitkin 
Post, Potter, J. Ree.l, W. Reed, Ruggl. s, Sheff-y, Sherwood, Smith 
of N. H. Smith of N. Y. Sturges, Taggart, Tallin idi^e. Thompson, 
Vose, Ward of Mass. Webster, Wheaton, White, Wilcox, Wilson 
of Mass.— 53. 

So the bill was passed and sent to the Senate for concurrence. 
Wednesday, March 30. — The house was chiefly oc- 
cupied this day on minor matters, and in discussing 
; bill to provide a compensation to individuals' for 
private property cap! tired or destroyed by the enemy, 
while in the service of the United States. The bill 
being amended was ordered to be engrossed for a 
third reading. 

On motion of Mr. Eppes, it was Resolved, by a 
large majority, that a committee be appointed to 
enquire into the expediency of an earlier meeting of 
congress than the stated period, with leave to report 
by bill or otherwise. 

%wm$ of m \Wm 


Washington city, April 1. . 

Highly important. — The following message wasyesJ* 
t^rday truism itted by the president of the United 
States to both houses of congress : 
To the Senate and house of Representatives of the 
United States.- 

Taking into view the mutual interest which the 
United States and the foreign nations in amity with 
them, have in a liberal commercial intercourse, and 
the extensive changes favorable thereto, which have 
recently taken place : taking into view also the im- 
portant advantages which may otherwise result from 
adapting the state of our commercial laws to the 
circumstances now existing t 

I recommend to the consideration of congress the 
expediency of authorising, after a certain day, ex- 
portation, specie excepted, from the United states^ 
in vessels of the United States, and in vessels owned 
and navigated by the subjects of powers at peace 
with them; and a repeal of so much of our laws as 
prohibits the importation of articles not the proper- 
ty of enemies, but produced or manufactured onlj 
within their dominions. 

I recommend also, as a more effectual safe-guard 
and enfc0Ui-ageme«t to our growing manufactures,, 
that the additional duties on imports which are to 
expire at the end of one year after a peaee with G. 
Britain, be prolonged to the end of two years after 
that event ; and that, in favor of our monied institu- 
tions, the exportation of specie be prohibited 
throughout the same period. 
March 3lst, 1814. JAMES MADISON. 

The message having been read, was, in both 
houses referred to the committee on Foreign Rela- 


Major-general JBrotun with a considerable force is 
on the Niagara frontier—object unknown. 
Extract of a letter from major-general Harrison to the 

secretary of war, dated 

"Cincinnati, March 5, ISM. 

Colonel Baby, a militia captain, taken from the 
township of Delaware, upon the Thames, and two 
other individuals who were supposed to be particu- 
larly mischievous, have arrived here, under an escort 
from Detroit. The militia captain denies his being 
in service, but was found with his uniform on, and 
acknowledges to have frequently served at the head 
of a militia company, under Proctor, since the com- 
mencement of the war. He is a native of the county 
of Albany, state of New- York, and emigrated to 
Canada m the year 1798- 



"This man, whose name is Springer, is also a ma- 
gistrate, ami of course must liave been naturalized 
bv the British government." 

* Cincinnati .March 17, 1814.— We hasten to lay be- 
fore our readers the following letter frtom colonel 
Butler to general Harrison, by which it appears that 
a victory has been obtained by a small' detachment 
of our troops over a much superior force of British 
regulars, militia ami Indians. 

" Detroit, March 7, 1814 

Dr.vr Stji — By lieutenant Shannon, of the 27th 
regiment, V. S. infantry,. J have the honor of inform- 
ing you, that a detachment of the troops under my 
command, led by captain Holmes of the 24th regt. 
V. S. infantry, have obtained a signal victory over 
tire enemy. 

The affair took place on the 4th inst. about 100 
miles frorri this place, on the river De Trench. Our 
force consisted of no more than 160 rangers and 
mounted infantry. The enemy, from their own ac- 
knowledgment, had about 240. The fine light com- 
pany of the royal Scots is totally destroyed ; they 
led the attack most gallantly, and their commander 
iell within ten paces of our front line. The light 
company of the 89th has also, suffered severely ; one 
officer of that company fell, one is a prisoner, and 
another is said to be badly wounded- In killed, 
wounded and prisoners, the enemy lost about 80 — 
whilst on our part there were but four killed and 
four woiTnded. This great disparity in the loss on 
each side, is to be attributed to the. very judicious 
position occupied by captain Holmes, who compel- 
led the enemy to attack him at great disadvantage j 
tlirs, even more than his gallantry, merits the laurel. 

Captain Holmes has just returned, and will furnish 
a detailed account of the expedition, which shall 
immediately be transmitted to you. 

Very respectfully your most ob'dt servant, 

H. BUTLER, Lt. col. eom'd'g Detroit. 

Major-general Harrison. 

Enemy's force as stated by the prisoners i 
Royal Scots 101 

89 th regiment 45 

Militia 50 

Indians 40 to 60 

P. S. We took one hundred head of cattle also 
from the enemy, intended for Long Point or Bur- 

The privateer Cornet, of Baltimore, has arrived 
at Wilmington, N. C. from a cruize in which she 
made twenty prizee ; the chief of which were des 
troyed after divesting them of their valuable effects 
Admiral sir Alexander Cochrane has arrived at 
Bermuda, and is to supercede Warren in the com 
mand on our coasts, &c. It is stated that his force 
will consist of 10 or 12 ships of the line and many 
smaller vessels, with 3 or 4000 marines, under ma- 
jor Nichols. That he will also bring with him to 
our coast "a strong body of riflemen and battering 
artillery, congreve rockets, shrapnel shells, with 
nil the ammunitions, &c. necessary to give effect to 
these engines of destruction." 


The editors of the National Intelligencer state, 
that it is the positive determination of many mem- 
bers of congress, that the subject of the National 
Bank should be brought forward in some practica- 
ble shape before the rising of the present session. 

JVe-W'IIawJJHhire election. Returns from 193 towns 
fjgre been received. The votes arc for Gilmqn 

(fed.) 19,309; for mimer, (rep.) 19,026. Ten toW.s.- 
are yet to be heard from, which will not materially 
vary the result. It is probable that in consequence of 
scutfcring votes there has not been an election by th& 
people, The "republican" nett gain is 523 "votes,, 
compared with the result of last year. They have 
also made a gain of 23 members in the house of re- 
presentatives, but there is a small "federal" majori- 
ty. The senate is also "federal," but the council i£ 


By the arrival of the brig Rambler at Bostblv 
with a valuable cargo from Bordeaux, we have 
Paris dates to the 9th of February. We have also 
London dates to the 31st of January,, via. Bermuda., 
The substance of the intelligence received is as. 
follows 'i 

The origmal preliminaries of peace offered by the> 
allie* and acceded to by Napoleon, have been done 
away, probably by the interference of Castlereagh,' 
Yet a congress of the ministers of the belligerents* 
my of France, England, Russia, Austria and Prus- 
via, was in session at Chatillon, in Frarwce, at. the> 
date of our latest advices. On the 6th of February 
the dulce^of Vicenza, (Caulmcourt) the Frenchmin- 
ister, gave a dinner to Castlereagh, and the other 
diplomatic characters — the next day they all dined 
with Castlereagh. "The best etiquette" appears to 
have been observed, and the French and English 
ministers were "full of attentions" to each other. 
On the 9th a courier from Lord Castlereagh, for 
London, passed through Paris for Calais, which is 
said to be the route by which the couriers will 
proceed* as being the most direct. What these 
plenipotentiaries are doing, is- not hinted at — the a- 
bove is the whole that we have of the ir proceedings* 

The allied armies have entered France in great 
force — and parties of Cossacks bad advanced as far. 
Fontainbleu, about thirty three miles from Paris, 
Napoleon left Paris January 25, to. put himself at 
the head of his armies, and some partial battles 
took place on the 2d and 3d of February near Bri~. 
enrte, in which the French claim the advantage ; 
but nothing of importance was done. We have no 
certain accounts of the force of the French armies 
between the allies and Paris, but suppose it so be 
very considerable — a private letter says, they have 
1000 pieces of artillery, and the force may be three 
hundred thousand strong. A part of the veteran 
army of Spain passed through Paris the 4th Fe- 
bruary to join the emperor ; and the good dis- 
positions and zeal of all the troops is highly com- 
mended. The allies appear to have committed 
great excesses in France. It is particularly noticed 
that they destroyed the house and curious gardens, 
&c. of the celebrated Bvffon, then occupied by his 
grand-daughter, mad. Bvjfon. Entrenchments have 
been raised round Paris, for the protection of the 
capital, in the event of a defeat of the grand army — 
and troops were pouring into the city from all quar- 
ters The allies had made an attack upon Antwerp,, 
but were repulsed with loss. Indeed, the strong 
towns and fortified places appear to be generally in 
the hands of the French, and being well garrisoned 
and in the rear of the allies, may give a good account 
of them, on their retreat, if Bonaparte shall beat 
them. The fleet at Antwerp of course, was not taken; 
nor has the Texel fleet fallen into the hands of thte 
allies — but it is not said where it is. Some of the 
places in Holland are yet held by the French, but ir* 
general that country is wrested from them, WeU 
li?igto?ihiu> not taken Bayunne, as was reported, nor 
is it probable he will be able to advance ; being op- 
posed, not only by the army of Soult, but a volunteer 
anuy of Basques 20)000 gtfb.n& under the Basqjie 



general Harespy. These people have a peculiar 
language and habits, differing 1 widely from the 
French ; and are one of the hardiest races of men 
and the most determined Of soldiers,. A private let- 
ter from Bordeaux, says that the career of Welling- 
idn is at an end ; but another intimates that great 
alarm prevails in that city. It further appears that 
Napoleon has entered into some sort of a treaty with 
Ferdinand, of Spain, who has sent the same to the 
(Tories, assembled at Madrid. The British seem to 
fear that it may be ratified. Of Denmark we have 
the following '-official Bulletin," in the London pa- 
•pftYS— "Foreign OJlce,Jan. 25-r-Mr. Thornton signed 
with the Danish minister plenipotentiary, definitive 
treaty of peace and alliance between his majesty and 
Denmark. All conquests to be restored except He- 
ligoland — prisoners on bjoth sides to be released — 
Denmark to join the allies with 10,000 men, if Eng- 
land will give a subsidy of 400,000 pound sterling m 
the year 1814. Pomerania to be ceded by Sweden 
to Denmark in lieu of Norway-*— Stralsund still to 
continue a depot for English produce— ^Denmark to 
do all in her power to abolish the slave trade — and 
England to mediate between Denmark and the allies. 

The park and tower guns were fired in celebyation 
of the peace with Denmark." 

Hamburg was yet held by Davonst. We have no- 
thing particular of Bemadotte, but he is probably 
la the neighborhood of that city. Marshal Suchel 
i's still in force in Catalonia (Spain.) JMurat was 
marching to unite with the viceroy in the kingdom 
of Itabj. Who has an army of 60,000 not including 
the garrisons or the reserve, of 24,000, at Alexan- 
dria. The conscription is levying with success ; 
and the people are said to shew the "best dispositi- 
ons." The head-quarters of the viceroy were at 
Verona, He held a communication with Venice, 
where he had a numerous garrison. The "sovereign 
prince of the Netherlands" has appointed a minis- 
ter plenipotentiary to the United States, and it is 
stated in a London paper of the 31st Jan. that his 
son is to marry the princess Charlotte of Wales in 
the spring, N v 

Such is the marrow and substance of the volum- 
nious details that have reached us. Situated as 
France is, we heartily desire that the fate of the inva- 
ders of Russia may be the fate of the invaders of 
Prance. If they shall succeed in the subjugation of 
France, they will not act with that magnanimity 
that Bonaparte himself has done, for they will des- 
poil him of all his possessions, and with that event 
the arrogance of our enemy would rise to a height 
of serious importance to the interest of the United 
Sftates. If, however, the allies would agree, and lud 
the power ^to dwve the Bonapartes from France and 
the Guelphs from England— to expel the two breeds 
of knaves or fools that direct the destinies of the 
two great rival countries, agreed that both shall be 
destroyed-i-if Paris must be sacrificed let London 
share the same fate, and we are satisfied, except so 
far as individual sufferings, in either, shall be con- 

We think it probable, however, that the allies are 
doomed to experience the most signal disasters that 
have marked the pages of history, and deserve them. 
They have abandoned all the great principles they 
affected to support, and we trust that calamity may 
teach them not to do to others what they would not 
should be done unto them, The French people ap- 
pear to be rising as it were en masse to repel the 
•invaders. This is "patriotic." 

Many iriterestzng artkfa omitted. 

Public Documents 


[Several of the papers in this series of documents 
had been inserted in the Holster, and particularly 
some of those in the present number compressed by 
the small ti/pe,- but we deemed most useful to keep 
the series unbroken, though at the loss of some 
room that we would gladly have occupied with other 
matter.] * 

Extract of a letter from the secretary of war to major-general 
Wilkinson, dated SacheWs Harbor, 'September 22, 1813. 

DEAR GENERAL— -Tone letters of the 16th, 17th and 18tW 
instant have been this moment received ; I hasten to answer them. 
The main object must he prosecuted ; Chauncey is not hrokej* 
down ; lie can and will command the lake, and while he does so, 
our position at few George may be maintained. If the enemy'*. 
sick list amounts to one thousand four hundred out of three thou- 
sand, tli,e enemy can undertake nothing with effect. In this view 
of the subject, dose. ~a\ifh P. B. Porters proposition, made in the 
following words, viar M Our proposition (in case of your leaving 
this place) is, that we be permitted to raise, between this and the 
1st of October, a volunteer fojxe of from one thousand to one thou 
sand two hundred men, exclusive of Indians ; that we add to it as 
many of the militia stationed on the lines as may be willing to join 
us ; that we be furnished with a small train (sav four pieces of field 
artillery with experienced officers and men to fight them) and that 
with this force we be authorised to ii. .side the enemy's country." 

Rodman's corps may join Porter. Any volunteers you may have; 
with the army, whose times are near expiring, and who are desir- 
ous of continuing in service, may do so also. We will cover the 
whole by a requisition upon governor Tompkins ibr additional 

The enemy's fleet have left the Chesapeake, I believe for H;dn> 
fax, whence the land troops are to be sent into Canada ; another 
motive for quick movements. 

My last letters by Chauncey of the ISth or 19lh gave you all we 
yet know, Prevost has left Kingston, it is said, for Quebec ; mors 
probably for Montreal. 

Yours faithfully and ever, 

Niagara, September 27, 1813, 6 o'clock, A. M. 

DEARnSIR— I received at eight o'clock last evening, your inter* 
esting letter of the 22d, and shall employ its authorisations to tlfe 
best possible effect. 

Fifteen hundred men were embarked with orders to sail the day 
before yesterday, but a strong easterly wind has made it imposlp. 
ble to move. 

The whole force, say three thousand combatants, after deducting 
the garrisons of forts George and Niagara, were ready for enibark- 
ation yesterday, and as the weather is serene at this moment, I hope 
the whole may be able to move at dusk this day : I say at dusk be- 
cause I am desirous to keep njy neighbors under a delusion as long 
as possible; ihey are perplexed as to my intentions and will not be 
able to penetrate them before they have discovered the course flf 
my flotilla. 

I have authentic information from York the evening of the 24tfi 
tnst. The brigade of militia in the vicinity were required to assem- 
ble the 25th, and six hundred men of the 41st and49tb regiments, 
second battalion were daily expected there on their route to this 
neighborhood: this is good, and still better three spacious block 
houses are ordered by sir George to be erected at York. 

But sir, here is one drawback ; the tantalizing sir James Yeowas 
in shore with his fleet on the evening of the 24th, (Friday) about 
twenty-eight miles east of York. Where he is now, we know not, 
for he has not since been heard of, and Chauncey is just sending 
out the Lady of the Lake and the Neptune to reconnoitre York 
and the coast in that quarter. What may be the views of the knight? 
to gasconade, to retard my movement, or to enable De Rotlenberg. 
to follow me ? I am unable to divine, but will not be longer delayed, 
and, therefore, shall be twenty miles to the eastward before to- 
morrow morning, should the weather permit. If sir James can be 
discovered, Chauncey will seek him, otherwise he will sail with 
me to cover my left flank. 

As we have not a moment to loose, I shall proceed directly to 
Grenadier* Island, writing you and sending orders to the com., 
manding officer by a despatch boat, en passant 

After all we are so straitened for transport, that we shall not find 
room for more than fifteen days' provisions ; indeed, we have little 
more to spare from this position, and therefore, our sole dependence 
must be on the magazines at Sackett's Harbor, of which the con- 
tractor should 6e personally advised. Heaven protect you. 
Truly yours, 

Hon. John Armstrong, secretary of war. 

Fort George, October 2, 1813. 

DEAR SIR— Since my last of the 17th inst. I have had difficul- 
ties, perplexities, and anxieties sufficient to discompose a saint. 

Commodore Chauncey having ascertained that the British squa- 
dron was on the opposite coast agreeably to the information Iliad 
given him. left port on the evening of the 27th to look for it ; on the 
morning of the 28th we discovered our squadron ofl* this place 
about mid channel, and standing' for the York shore; about 32 

* I had determined «wi this point of rendezvous before I heard 
from general Brown., 



o'clock, though very distatt, we discovcre<l it was warmly engag- 
ed, the eiHiuv to lee warn and scarcely disv.ei liable ; we could, with 
our classes, distinguish the Pike tiring both her batteries, and fre- 
quently enveloped in smoke. The enemy were forced towards the 
head of the Jake, and about 3 o'clock we lo<t sight of our stern- 
most vessel, the action still continuing. From tint period until 
vesteiday morning I was kept hi suspense as to the issue of the 
■action, the wind blowing a gale from the south east, and produ- 
cing such a swell as madseit impossible for our privateers to keep 
the lake, and of course my flotilla was confined to port with the 
troops, either on board or encamped on the beach. The evening 
before the last, our whole fleet (alone) were discovered beating 
down the lake: in the course of tlie night they came to oft' Four 
Mile creek, and yesterday morning the commodore presented 
himself. Our observations oh the action were in the main correct, 
except that the battle was fought by the Pike alone (or next to it) 
■who having carried away sir James' mizen and main-top-masts, 
his squadron bore up to protect him, and Chauneey was engaged 
^eith the whole. Unlucky fellow, he aould have taken a schooner 
and a brig, but his eyes being fixed on the commodore, he would 
not look at smaller game. Finally, sir .Tames, as usual, ran away ; 
^vas chased to the head of the lake, came to anchor close inshore; 
and the gale and tremendous sea threatening, in ease of a cow- 
tinned action, to put both squadrons on shore, sir James with the 
British force assembled there, and Chauneey into the hands of the 
enemy, he clawed oft" and came down to confer with me; he has 
my opinions in writing, and I expect his answer this morning. 

Early yesterday, before I had heard from the commodore, the 
tvind, for the first, becoming favorable, I despatched all my bat- 
teanx, and as soon as I had ascertained sir James Yoe's situation,' 
cur sail boats followed ; but, alas, before 1 o'clock the wind again 
came round to the south east, and several of our schooners returned, 
though a majority of them, ami the whole of the batteaux pro- 
ceeded, and I hone readied Eighteen Mile creek. 

I have been detained by the arrival of about 350 Indians, to whom 
5 was oblige to give an audience and a talk, and I lodged in this 
jdace to see whether the enemy might look at it, and what would, 
be the conduct of the garrison of 690 militia and 800 regular troops, 
under the command of colonel Scott. We have just had an alarm, 
»nd being myself among the first on parade, I have witnessed a 
scene by Which I shall profit Scott, before I leave him, which will 
tie in a couple of hours, as, thank Almighty God, the wind again 
breezes, though it has rained all night, and still continues to rain. 
f>b, if it may please God to favor us with this breeze we shall 
eoon be near you, but it is in his power, by adverse winds to delay, 
and by tempests to destroy us. I move with about 3,300 men.— 
Farewell, and God preserve you. 

The honorable John Armstrong. 

Extract from the journal of the secretary of war, 

"4th October," 1813. General Wilkinson arrived at Saekett's 
Harbor on this day from fort George. He immediately visited the 
secretary of war, in company with generals Lewis and Brown, and 
in the presence of these officers remonstrated freely ami warmly 
against making an attack on Kingston—urging the propriety of 
passing that post and of going directly to Montreal. 

"The secretary of war differed from general Wilkinson in opinion, 
%ait thought his objections worthy df consideration, and proposed 
a meeting on the day following for that purpose. 

"The meeting took place accordingly, when general Wilkinson 
presented the paper marked No- 1. That marked No. 2, was pre- 
tested by the secretary, and the opinion with which it closes was 
adopted as that winch should regulate the movements of the army." 

No. 1, 

Reasons for attacking Kingston anterior to a descent upon Mon- 

1st. We shall capturea garrison of 800 or 1000, and demolish a 
strong hold of the enemy. 

2d. We shall destroy his naval depot and magazines of every 

3d. We shall by this operation diminish his force, destroy his re- 
sources, and place the division at the head of the lake, under De 
Jlottenburg, in great difficulty and distress ; and 

4th. We shall destroy every Tiaval resource, and of consequence 
prevent the building, equipping, and even repairing a single 

Against this attack it may be urged : 

1st. That the reduction of the place may cost more time than we 
calculate un. 

2d. It may encumber us with wounded and sick ; and ' 

3d. It is possible the British squadron may as heretofore elude 
commodore Chauneey, and find us before Kingston, or overtake us 
on die St. Lawrence. 

In the first place, from the lateness of the season, the loss of a 
tew days may expose us to the autumnal rains, and jeopardise the 
thief object of the campaign. In the second place, our own force 
will he diminished and our movements retarded ; and 

In the third place, the chief object of the campaign, tAe capture 
*>f Montreal, will he utterly defeated, and our own army subjected 
to great difficulties, losses and perils. Submitted to the honorable 
the secretary of war. 

No. 2. 

Ut» The Niagara division will probably arrive here in a day or 

2d. The weather is yet good, and the lake navigable by scows and 


3d. The enemy's main force is in the neighborhood uf fort George 
and bis fleet at the head of the lake. 

4th. The garrison of Kingston does not exceed 800 or 1,000. 

5th. If we effect a landing at M'Pherson's farm, on the eastern- 
side of Kingston, a point may lie seized, which will command the 
town, the forts, and the harbor ; and within seven hours alter the 
landing is effected a sufficient battery may be erected and in ope- 

6th. 9 and 12-pounders will be sufficient for burning block houses, 
&c. and may be dragged by the men. 

7th. Hie time necessary to reduce the place will not exceed a sin- 
gle day, and of course will not materially interfere, on that ac- 
count, with our object below. 

8th. The loss we may sustain can only he conjectured. Judging 
from that at fort George, where the enemy ivere more numerous^ 
it will be inconsiderable. 

9th. The advantages of taking Kingston are two ; you sever the 
enemy's line of communication, and you expel him from his only 
secure harbor* 

The premises assumed under the 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th and 5th head* 
may change, and our conclusions with them. The only safe deci- 
sion therefore is, that if the British fleet shall not escape commo- 
dore Chauneey and get into Kingston harbor ; if the garrison of 
that place be not largely reinlbrced ; and if the weather be such as 
will allow us to navigate the lake securely, Kingston shall be our 
first object, otherwise, we shall go directly to Montreal. 

Saekett's Harbor, 5th October, 1813. 

War Department, October 9, 1813. 

DEAR GENERAL— Does there exist between you and the com,- 
medore a cleai and distinct understanding on the subject of oUC 
plan of operations, and the kind and degree of assistance he will 
lie able to give to its execution ? Can he take a position which 
shall have the effect of shutting in Yeo, and of covering our de- 
scent upon Kingston, and our subsequent movement down the St« 
Lawrence-? Is it not probable that apart of the enemy's fleet wilk, 
immediately on our appearance at Grenadier Island, occupy the 
passages of the river? If we can be covered in going to our first 
object, and should attain that, we may be able to dispense with 
further naval assistance; but should we fail (a contingency, which 
being possible, ought to be regarded) naval aid will be neeessarv to 
the prosecution of the second part of the plan. As the fleet is 
wind-bound, and the commodore here, explanations on these points 
may be readily and conveniently given. Let me know the result, 
and believe me yours trulv, 

Major-general Wilkinson. 

Head-quarters, Saekett's Harbor, October 9, 1813. 

DEAR SIR— The commodore and myself have hitherto under- 
stood each other perfectly, and I think we shall harmonize to the 
end. He k ready to sail the moment the wind serves.; and you 
may rest assured that nothing essential to give effect to the opera- 
tions of the army under my command, and to accomplish the views, 
of the government, has been or shall be omitted. 
Respectfully and truly yours, 

Hon. John Armstrvng, secretary oftvar. 

Bxto'aet of alctter from general IVUkinson to the secretary of war, 
dated Headquarters, Saekett's Harbor, October 18,, 1813. 

"The diminution of our force by disease and various casualties, 
and more especially, the uncertainty of the period of our move* 
ment against Montreal, render it necessary, in my judgment, thai 
you should revoke the order of march you have given ts major- 
general Hampton, and that he should be directed to march fin 
Morrisville, as rapidly as may be consistent with the health of his 
troops. This proposition is founded on the presumption, that we 
make the reduction of Kingston and the conquests of the upper 
provinces, the first objects of our operations." 

War Department, October 19, 1813. 

SIR — I received your letter of yesterday, and should have anp 
swered it more promptly, but that business of the south and west 

required my immediate attention. 

When on the 4th instant you returned from fort George, we had 
the prospect of a speedy concentration of our forces at this point; 
the Niagara division had sailed on the 30th ult. the enemy's prin- 
cipal force occupied a cantonment between lakes «Erie and Ontario; 
his fleet was at the head of the lake, and his garrison at Kingston, 
reduced to seven or eight hundred men. Under these circumstances, 
it was no doubt, wise to decide as we did, that our first attack should 
be carried against that place : but do these circumstances any 
longer exist. ? The expected concentration is but now effected 
()8th of October) a reinforcement of 1,500 men has been thrown 
into Kingston ; the British fleet has got into port there, and our 
force, from disease and other casualties, is according to your state- 
ment, diminished and diminishing. To reinstate and augment 
this, it is now proposed to order general Hampton from his present 
position at Chatauge to Morrisville, on the St. Lawrence. These 
places are distant upwards of one hundred miles. A march of 
such length at this season of the year, and in the present cojpth» 
tion of the roads, loaded as he is with a train of artillery, with: 
means of subsistence, and with tents and baggage, cannot be per- 
formed under fifteen days, to which must be added the time neces? 
sary for giving the order, for making; the arrangements prelimina- 
ry to such a movement, and for, making also the subsequent one 
from Morrisville to the mouth of the Gaunanoqui river, all of 
which would probably protract the moment of junction till the 15lh 
of November. 

Admonished as we are by the storms which have assailed us for 
ten days past, and which have not yet ceased, I cannot but think 
that a period so late would of itself be fatal to the project. 

Other circumstances lead to the same conclusion. Beginning our 
operations from the mouth of the Gaunanoqui river, we shall have 
a march of twenty-four miles to Kingston, and through a country 
covered with woods, destitute of inhabitants, and pervious only by 
**wo roads, which, without any interruption lioin the enemy, are 



■vepi'esented as nearly impassible at present. This movement (un- 
like that originally projected)* cannot he made without the aid of 
horses, and a less number of these than six hundred.t including 
the 2d regiment of dragoons, is, 1 understand, deemed insufficient* 
Now these must l>e fed, and their provender drawn fro;* this place., 
as the country between Gravelly point and Putneyviile, affords 
none, and interposes a swampy desart which shuts us out from the 
Supplies of Rossie and Iiayville, &c. An important question 
arises here— can the necessary forage he obtained from this neigh- 
borhood ? the quarter-master-general says "it cannot, that it must 
be carted from Lowville (40 miles distant) and transported hence 
by water." These facts, on your plan, menace our operations 
against Kingston with a delay, which wmuld probably surround us 
■with all the embarrassments of a Canadian winter, and extinguish 
every hope of grasping the other, the safer and the greater object 
beluw. I call it the safer and greater object, because— 

At Montreal, you find the weaker place, and the smaller force 
to encounter: at Montreal, you meet a fresh, unexhausted, effi 
Bient reinforcement of four thousand men : at Montreal, you ap' 
proach your own resources, and establish between you and them 
an easy and expeditious intercourse: at Montreal, you occupy a 
point which must be gained in carrying your attacks home to the 
purposes of the war. and which if seized now, will save one cam 
paign : at Montreal, you hold a position which completely severs 
the enemy's line of operations ; which shuts wp the Ottawa as well 
as the St. Lawrence against him, and which, while it restrains all 
below, withers and perishes all above itself. 

These, general, are the thoughts which present themselves on 
your proposition, and which I understand as abandoning, for this 
campaign, the proposed attack on Montreal. I am entirely dis- 
posed to listen to all that can be said on the other side of the ques- 
tion, but at present, the reasons assigned, leave me no doubt of the 
policy of pursuing promptly and firmly,}: the plan already indi- 
cated, and which, besides the approbation of the president, has re- 
ceived the sanction of a council of war.§ 

I am, very respectfully, sir, your most obedient servant, 

&ajor-general IVUklnson. 

Head-quarters, Sackett's Harbor, October 19, 1813. 

DEAR SIR~-I was about to embark for Grenadier Island, when 
I received your letter of this morning, which I will endeavor to 
answer ; my very feeble condition and the want of time for re- 
flection, disqualify me from doing justioe to my opinions. 

You will recollect that in my letter of the 6th of August, I pro- 
posed to take Kingston, as preliminary to an attack on Montreal ; 
you offered a different opinion in your letter of the 8th, and on my 
arrival here, I siibmitted the alternative to a council of war, which 
decided in favor of your plan, to leave Kingston untouched, and 
proceed directly against Montreal ; but ulterior considerations and 
information^ have induced me to adhere to my original plan. 

Permit me, previous to the discussion of the grounds of my 
opinion, to submit a few incidental remarks. 

It is extemely doubtful what may be the present force of the 
enemy at Kingston, and very uncertain how much our own force 
may have been diminished by disease, and the casualties attending 
our movements. 

From the retreat of Proctor hefipre general Harrison, and the in 
formation received from colonel Scott. I think it probable that Ds 
Rottenherg. with the effectives of his division, has gone to reinforce 
Proctor, and that the troops which have descended to Kingston con- 
sisted only of the sick of that division. 

My idea of recalling general Hampton to reinforce us, was pro- 
duced by an alarm with respect to the insufficiency of our force, 
which I found spreading ; and the direction which I suggested was 
founded on your own proposition^ of the 13th instant, at which 
time I understood you to offer the opinion, that the march from 
Hampton's encampment to Morrisville might be accomplished in 
six days, and my own opinion is, that by disembarrassing himself 

of his artillery and itsattiral, perhaps he might beabl. -to make ll:': 
march in that time, or a few days more. 

My reasons for preferring the attack of Kingston to that of Mott 
treat, are these : 

By the reduction of that place, we conquer a province, not only of 
great importance to the enemy, but a valuable acquisition to our 
selves; we capture or destroy tour thousand of his lust troops; we 
put an end to the indian war, and by the destruction of his naval 
force, establish ourcommand of the iake, and permit a respectable 
part of our naval force to be employed elsewhere. 

On the contrary, leave Kingston, its garrison, and the British 
squadron in our rear, and proceed to Montreal, none of those im- 
portant objects will be gained. The enemy will remain in undisturb- 
ed possession of the province, at liberty to exercise his enterprise 
against this frontier at discretion ; for it is a fact, however opinions, 
may vary, the resources of the province are adequate t«» the subsist- 
ence of his army. His naval superiority on the lake will be re esta 
bilshed by the opening of the spring, the indian depredations may be 
encouraged and continuing ; or should he preterit, he may, on the 
opening of he campaign, leave sir JamesYeo triumphant on the lake 
with a suitable garrison for the protection of Kingston, descend tlu; 
St. Lawrence with his main force and fall upon our rear, while we 
shall be engaged in front, admitting we succeed in establishing our-, 
selves at Montreal. 

Having passed Kingston, the fortifications at Preseott may pre 
sent such an obstacle to our further progress, as to compel us to 
land and reduce it by force ; an operation which may consume more 
time than can be spared at this advanced season. I speak conjee- 
turally, but should we surmount every obstacle in descending the 
river, we shall advance upon Montreal ignorant of the force array' 
ed against ns, and in case of misfortune, having no retreat, the ar- 

* A descent at M'Pherson's farm two miles and a half below Kings, 
t Forage for this number was required by the general. 
± This refers to the preceding plan, approved by the president on 
tbe23d July, and communicated to general Wilkinson on the 5th 
of August. 

§ Tins council consisted of generals Wilkinson, Lewis, Brown 
and Swartwout, and commodore Chauncey. The opinion was unani- 

Xote.— Before the secretary of war left Sackett's Harbor, and 
wbile it was deemed practicable, and was intended to carry 
our attacks against both Kingston and Montreal, he had one or 
more conversations with commodore Chauncey, on the general 
subject of naval co-operation. These had particular reference to 
two points, the place of landing (in case Kingston was the object 
ot attack) and the degree of protection which the fleet could be 
able to render to the debarkation of the army. The places of de- 
scent indicated by the secretary were three : 

1st. M'Pherson's farm, two miles and a half belmv Kingston. 
2d. The mouth of the Little Cataraqui, four or five miles above 
Kingston ; and 

3d. The mouth of the Gananoqui river, twenty-four miles below 
Kington. J 

The commodore's answer was substantially as follows : that he 
would not take upon himself the responsibility of covering the 
landing of the army at the first of these points, but that he would 
cover its landing at either of the other two. 

K This ulterior information was not communicated to the secre- 
tary of war. 

*J Wha t « here called a proposition was but a question, whctlier 
tfie march could be performed in six days ? General W. answered 
« toe negative, and advised that general Hamplon should be order- 
*a%o go on to Cogaawaga^ 

my must surrender at discretion. 

I will barely add, that as the winter commences at Montreal by 
the 20th of November, jshould we be delayed on the route by any 
untoward incidents, our embarrassments and perils will be greatly 

I offer these results of my frail judgment with a conscientious 
regard to the public good. Iambigotted to no project, and there- 
fore am willing to yield my own judgment to that of others. 

Personal considerations would make me prefer a visit to Mon^ 
treal to the attack of Kingston ; but before I abandon this attack, 
which by my instructions I am ordered to make, it is necessary to 
my justification, that you should by the authority of the president 
direct the operations of the army under my command, particularly 
against Montreal. With my earnest wishes for the successful issue 
of whatever may be undertaken, I am, dear sir, with much respect 
and esteem, truly yours, 

The honorable John Armstrong, secretary of war. 

N. B. All the objections which apply to the landing below Kings* 
ton may be obviated by landing above it. My sole motive for sug- 
gesting the idea of landing below, was to prevent the garrisons 
escape. If there be a deficiency of forage on our part, it is the fault 
of the quarter-master-general, who was instructed as early as Au- 
gust, to lay in a supply of twelve thousand bushels for the subsis- 
tence of the cavalry. 

Hon. John Armstrong, secretary of war. 
Endorsement on the preceding letter, by the secretary of war. 
Note. If we look at the plan of campaign of the 23d of July, wa 
find that it proposed an attack on Kingston, and even indicated the 
mode of that attack. If we examine general Wilkinson's letter 
of the 6th of August, we find that he provisionally adopted that 
opinion ; and if we refer to the letter of the secretary of war of 
the Sth, so far from expressing a different opinion, we discover 
that it instructed the general to choose betwen a direct and an in- 
direct attack on that post. It was not therefore any difference of 
opinion between the secretary and the general that was submitted 
to the council of war, as stated in the preceding letter, but the 
mere alternative presented by the instructions of the letter, the 
airaple choice between the two modes of attack. 

War department, October 20, 1813. 

SIR— I received your letter of yesterday by major Lee. You ap* 
pear to have written it under an impression, that your instructions 
of August last made a direct attack upon Kingston unavoidable. A 
copy of these instructions is before me, and in the last paragraph 
of them we find a summary of their substance. It is as follows : 
"After this exposition, it is unnecessary to add, that in conduct- 
ing the present campaign, that you will make Kingston your 
principal object, and that you will choose as circumstances may 
iudicate, between a direct and an indirect attack on that post." 
Both modes of attack are slightly detailed in these orders, and 
a preference given to the latter, but without at all infringing 
your right of choice, or in any degree lessening your responsi- 
bility. Nor am I now at liberty to change the ground of these 
instructions, since the only effect would be, fe substitute my opinion 
for yours. The former has not however been witheld ; it has 
been given freely and fully, and is yet unshaken by any considera- 
tion presented to my mind. 

As we are about to part, it may be proper that I should subjoin 
to what I have said in favor of a movement on Montreal, a 
short statement of my objections to a direct attack on Kingston. 

1st. If its garrison consists of four thousand of the best troops 
of the enemy (as you suggest) your attack will fail. 

2d. If your attack fails, your retreat is its practicable. 

3d. Your descent must necessarily be made above or below the 
town, on the water's edge and within a short distance of your ob- 
ject. If made below the town, your Meet cannot cover it ;* if mads 
above the town, it must be done in presence of the enemy, and 

* Commodore Chauncey declared he would not take the re* 
sponsibility of covering the descent of the army if at M'PheV 
son's larm, below the town. 



W$Uun stiefce of his fleet, ami that Tie will think the object sufli- 1 
•stent to justify tat risk catinut be doubted. Besides, an 'approach I 

on this side, however successful, leaves to theeuemy the means of] 

4th. The experiment already made of the lake navigation is not i 
encouraging, FbowgO pressettiby no enemy other than the wea-j 
Ttn?r, the army lias not been able, to reach Grenadier Island) but j 
iu brukenorder, and wStS considerable loss. On your plan, they ' 
have eighteen other miles to tro on the open lake, and much of 
ihjs distance under the eye of the British fleet. Is it probable 
Ifihat OUT Jews will be able to navigate this remaining distance (at 
» season and under circumstances so unfavorable) in better order 
*>r with less loss ? 

These are. the best thoughts I can otter, and it only remains to! 
s»3d to them mv best wishes for your anm and for yourself j 

3Tqjor general IfUkinson. 

Lady of the Lake, off Sackett's Harbor, October 24, 1813; j 
SIR— I was at Grenadier Island the day before yesterday, and j 
Sound the troops dropping in so slowly that I determined to return, 
bunt them up. and quicken their movement. My presence at the' 
Harbor was also necessary to have clothing selected lo cover num- 
t>eis of our naked men. 

I will say nothing of the horrid condition in which that place 
«ns left. Colonel Coles has arrived with upwards of two hundred 
good men, and expects about eighty more to-day. Randolph and 
Scott are expected at Oswego, nine hundred strong, I have cou- 
tpved to rig and send oil" vessels to bring up six hundred of them 
in season for my movement from Grenadier IsJaixi, which will 
3iot be delayed one instant unnecessarily. The people at Kingston 
appear to be much afFrighted, tiring their alarm guns on the slight- 
est appearanee. J. N. lias returned, and it' he may be credited, De 
3*ottenberg has not arrived, and all the force they can s|»re is sent 
down the river to take possession of, aud fortify some critical passes. 
3>Iv health continues, unfortunately, bad. 
k t have the honor to be, most respectfully, sir, you>r obedient sej- 



SSttracts of a letter from major-general Wilkinson to the secretary 
of war, dated Grenadier Island, October 28, 1813. 

" I send you this by an «;\tra aiiL-de-camp, captain Noitrse, to re- 
lieve the anxiety to which you must be subject, in the impending 
eventful moment-" 

•' The e>tetit of the injuries to our craft, the clothing and the 
arms of the ruen,and to our provisions on the passage from Sackett's 
ifarbor to this place, greatly exceeded our apprehensions, and has 
fcubjected us to the necessity of furnishing a supply of clothing, 
and of making repairs and equipments to our lmtiila generally* In 
iact, all our hopes have been very nearly blasted ; but thanks to 
the same Providence which placed us in jeopardy, we are surmount- 
ing our difficulties, and, God willing, 1 shall pass Prescott on the 
Bight of the 1st or 2d proximo, if some unforseen obstacle does not 
present to forbid me. I shall expect to hear from you at Morris- 
ville, where colonel Swift is to meet me, and to guard "against chance 
shots, I wish waggons would be held in readiness to receive our 
powder aud field ammunition, at a suitable distance above Pres-. 

" I keep up the delusion here j and the enemy, about sixteen 
Lumlred strong, exclusive of live hundred militia, are in daily ex- j 
pectation of a visit at Kingston, yet they have taken post, I under- j 
stand, at Cornwall and the Coteaude Lac. No matter: on'ee passed' 
Prescott, and our bayonets and oabres shall remove all impedi- 

" The inexorable winds and rains continue to oppose and embar- 
rass our movements ; but I am seizing on every moment's interval 
to slip into the St. Lawrence corps and detachments, as they can 
be got ready. Our rendezvous will be in Bush -creek, about twenty 
miles below, and nearly opposite to Gananoqui, which position 
menaces a descent on the opposite shore. I shall sail from that 
position at four o'clock of the morning, and will pass Presscoit 
about the same time the eusuiog morning." 

"We have had such a fluctuation of sick and well between this 
place and Sackett's Harbor, that it is impossible to say in what 
ibrce wa shall move ; but I calculate on 6000 combatants, exclusive 
of Scott and Randolph', neither of whom will, I fear, be up in 
season,, notwithstanding all my arrangements and exertions to ac- 
celerate then march : they are both under provisional orders for 

War Department, Denmark, October 30, 9 o'clock, P. M. 

DEA.P. GENERAL—I this moment received your despatch by 
taptain Nourse. I rejoice that your difficulties are so .far surmount- 
ed as to enable you to say with assurance when you will pass Pres- 
«.ott. I should have met you there; but bad roads, worse weather, 
nyrd a considerable degree of illness admonished me against reced- 
ing further from a point where my engagements call me about the 
1st proximo. The resolution of treading hack my steps was taken 
lit Antwerp, and foiumiinicated in a letter from that place by ma- 
jor I. B»h. I wrote a single, line to you to-day, giving the fortunate 
issjie of Harrison's, business, and bis arrival at Foi't George with 
M-Arthur'% brigade. £f Vincent bS Within the peninsula, Harrison 
Will root him oat. It remains with you to sweep the rest of the 
Ijtu before yoti. Montreal taken, what are PnscoK. and Kingston? 
'Give Hampton timely notice of your approach, and of the place 
;i:id HOW of junction. 

Yours sincerely, 

Major-genera' Wilkinson, 

Extracts of a letter frr.a major-general Wilkinson to the secretary 
of war, dated, Grenadier island, November l, 1813. 
li Ton wiii pereeirc from the duplicate under cover (let r of the 

ti J ■.. h ■y-:-x, what wv-ro my cakululja. ftfui days gi .u-> U*t 

die winds and waves and rains and snow still prevail, and we fiaye 
made several fru it less attempts to turn Stoney Point, one of then. 
atgreai peril to three thousand men, whom 1 seasonably remanded 
to the Harbor without, the loss of a life. Our sick, one hundred ana 
ninety-six iu number, have not fared as well : they were embarked 
in stout comfortable vessels* and sailed the day 'before yesterday 
morning for Sackett's Harbor, but they were driven on shore bv a 
storm, which continued with unremitting violence all night ; and as 
no exertion could relieve them, I anticipated the loss of the whole ,* 
but the tempest having abated, and the wind shifted from S. W. to 
I-.. E. boats were sent out yesterday morning, and Dr. Bull report 
the loss of three men onlyi Others means of transport will be pro- 
v ided tc-morrov/, and these unfortunate men will be sent to the 
hospital at Sackett's Harbor." 

"Brig, gen. Brown with his brigade, the light artillery, the rifle- 
men, the volunteers, the gun boats, Bissel's regiment, and a part of 
Macomb's aj*s I expect, safe at French creek, With the artillery and. 
jrdnante stores. These corps have made the traverse of the arm 
ot the Jakeundev cirumstauces of great danger, though, fortunate- 
ly m ithout the loss of a life, but A the expense of some boats." 

'' I shall wait one day longer, and if the passage should stiil con- 
tinue impracticable to the troops, 1 will land them on the opposite 
shore, march them across the country to the St. Lawrence, and sendi 
the empty boats round to a given rendezvous."" 

"'As major-general Hampton is under your orders, pernntme ttiu 
suggest, to yoif what is worthy of reflection— whether he should 
take a position and wait the arrival of my command near the con- 
fluence of the St. Lawrence and Grand river, or whether he should 
move down the St Lawrence and menace Chamblv ? If he is strong 
enough to meet sir George, the latter will be the preferable plan, bo-. 
cause it will have the effect to divide the enemy's force; otherwise he 
should adopt the first idea» hazard nothing.' and strengthen my 

" The enclosed copy of a memorandum from colonel* Swift will 
show you what he is about, I flatter myself, to your satisfaction* 
The sole unpleasant circumstance before me, is our total ignorance 
of the preparations of Sir George, and what wc may expect to 
meet on the island. I fear no consequences : hut it must be pain- 
ful to lead more than six thousand men to battle hoodwinked ; and 
ye j, all my efforts to procure intelligence fcom Muutreal have- 
proved fruitless." 

Extract of a letter, from the secretary of war to general! Wilkinson g 
dated war department, 1st November, 1813i 
"Prevost will perhaps be found between the eoteaude Lac and, 
the Isle Perrot. If wise, he. will attempt to fight you before 
your junction with Hampton. ' Avoid this, leave nothing to chance 
that you can settle on your own terms. A junction with Hamp- 
ton enables you to give the law." 

Extract of a letter from general Wilkinson- to the secretary of 
war, dated Grenadier Island, November 3, 1813—7 o'clock, A. M. 
" The troops and squadron are at last in the river, excepting Ma-, 
comb's regiment, with which I shall join them by 10 o'clock, as the 
weather is propitious. Extreme illness, and the arrival of colonel 
Randolph with 230 men, kept me here last evening. We shall 
be encamped at French creek to-night ; will take to-morrow for 
final organization and arrangement and the next day either pass or 
prepare to take Prescott ; by preference I shall not disturb the 
place* because I have not time to spare*" 


Albany,, 12th November, 1813%. 

DEAR GENERAL— My accounts from aud of you are of the 
same date. Neither come down lower than the 3d instant. These- 
left you with the reserve at Grenadier Island* 

General Hampton has made a movement towards the St. Law- 
rence. After feeling and skirmishing with the enemy, he retired 
again to the Pour Corners, until he.had notice of your approach.— 
I hastened to inform him by express (who would reach him in 48 
hours) that you were in motion ; that on the,, 5th you would pass* 
or take Prescott, and that on the 8*h you would be at Hamilton, 
whence he mighx expect to hear from you ; that he must put him- 
self again in motion, and take a position which would enable him 
to join you, or which should detain the enemy on the south side of 
the river. If Prevost, on learning your approach, quits his present 
position, and re-oecupies the north bank" of the St. Lawrence, 
Hampton goes on and joins you. If he remains on the south bank, 
he abandons Montreal and even the road to his capital. In the full-- 
ness of my faith that you are in Montreal, and that you have both, 
seen and seized on all the advantages that the errors of an enemy 
may have given you. I am dear general, cordially yours, 

Major-general Wilkinson. 

Extracts of a letter from major-general Wilkinson to the secreta>y 
Of war, dated French Mills, November «15, 1813. 

It is a fact, for which I am authorised to pledge myself on the 
most confidential authority, that on the 4th of the present month 
the British garrison of Montreal consisted solely of four hundred 
marines and two hundred sailors, which had been sent up from Que- 
bec What a golden, glorious opportunity has been lost by the 
caprice of major-general Hampton. 

Head-quarters, French Mills, adjoining the province of 
Lower Canada, November 16, 1813. 

SIR— -I beg leave to refer you to the journal which accompanies 
this letter, for the particulars of the movement of the corps under 
my command down the St. Lawrence, and will endeavor to exert 
my enfeebled mind to detail to you the more striking and important 
incidents which have ensued my departure from Grenadier Islaud,. 
at the foot of lake Ontario, on the 3d inst. 

The corps of the enemy from Kingston, which followed me,, 
hung on my rear; aud in concert with a heavy galley and a few 
gunbofis. ii;y..'Ld <i.amiilu^\ to retard my'progrctis. I was strong* 




7v tempted (o halt, turn about, and put an end to Ms teashigs » 
nfas, E vim confined to *my bod. Major-general Lewis "•" 
I II for any active exertion ; and, above all, I did not dare suiter ^ 
myself to be diverted a single day from the prosecution of the j 
■Hews of the government, i bad written major-general Hampton j 
011 the 6th instant, by his adjutant-general, colonel King, and had | 
ordered him to form a junction with nje on the St. Lawrence, which 
I expected would take place on the 9th or totli. Jt would have 
been unpardonable had I lost sight of this object a moment, as 1 
deemed it of vital importance to the issue'of the campaign. 

The enemy deserv credit for their zeal and intelligence, which 
the active universal hostility of the male inhabitants of the coun- 
ti-v enable them to employ to the greatest advantage. Thus while 
menaced by a respectable' force in rear, the coast was lined by mus- 
quetry in front at every critical 1 pass of the fiver, which obliged 
me to inarch a detachment, ami this impeded my progress. 

On the evening of the Oth instant, the army halted a few miles 
from the head of the Longi-ie Saut. In the morning of the 10th, 
the inclosed order was issued. General Brown marched agreeably 
to order, and about noon we were apprised, by the report of his 
artillery, that he was engaged some distance below us. At the same 
time the enemy were observed in our rear, and their galley andgun 
boats approached our flotilla and opened a fire on us, which obliged 
me to order a battery of eighteen pounders tobe planted, and a shot 
from it compelled the vessels of the enemy to retire, together with 
their troops, after some firing between the advanced parties. Hut, by 
this time,in consequence of disembarking and re-embarking the hea- 
vy guns, the day was so far spent, that our pilots did not dare enter 
■the saut, (eight miles a continued rapid) and therefore we fell down 
about two miles, and came to for the night. Early the next morning 
everv thing was in readiness for motion; but, having received no 
•intelligence from general Brown, I was still delayed, as sound cau- 
tion prescribed I should learn the result of his affair heibrei com- 
mitted the flotilla to the saut. At half past ten o'clock, A. M. an 
officer of dragoons arrived with a letter, in which the general in- 
formed me he had forced the enemy, and would reach the loot of 
the saut early in tire day. Orders were immediately given for the 
flotilla to sail, at which instant the enemy's gun boats appeared, 
■and began to throw shot among us. Information was brought me 
at the 'same time, from brigadier -general Boyd, thai the enemy's 
troops were advancing in column. I immediately sent orders to 
him to attack them. This report was soon contradicted : their 
gun boats however continued to watch us, and a variety of reports 
of their movements and counter movements wese brought to me 
in succession, which convinced me of their determination to hazard 
an attack when it could be done to the greatest advantage, and 
** therefore I determined to anticipate them. Directions were ac- 
cordingly sent by that distinguished officer, colonel Swift, of the 
engineers, to brigadier-general Boyd to throw the detachment of 
his command, assigned to him in the order of the preceding day, 
-and composed of men from his own, Covington's and Swartwom's 
brigades, into three columns, to march upon the enemy, outflank 
them if possible, and take their artillery. The action soon after 
commenced with the advanced body of the enemy, and became ex- 
tremely sharp and galling; and with occasional pftuses,-\Tas sustained 
■with great vivacity, in open space and fair combat, for upwards of 
two and an half hours, the adverse lines alternately yielding and 
advancing. It is impossible to say with accuracy what was out- 
number on the fieid, because it consisted of indefinite detachments 
•taken from the boats to rentier safer the passage of the saut. Bri- 
gadier-generals Covington and Swartwout voluntarily tools part 
j ih the action at the head of the detachments from their respective 
trigades, and exhibited the same courage that was displayed by 
•brigadier-general Boyd, who happened to be the senior officer on 
the ground. Our force, engaged might have reached sixteen or se- 
venteen hundred men, but certainly did not exceed eighteen hun- 
dred; That of the enemy, was estimated at from twelve hundred 
to two thousand, butdidnot probably amount to more than fifteen 
or sixteen hundred, consisting, as I am informed., of detachments 
from the 49th, 84th, and 104th regiments of the line, with three 
companies of thevoJtigeur and Glengary corps and the militia of 
the country, who avenot included in the estimate. 

It would be presumptuous in me to attempt to give you a de- 
tailed account of this affair, which certainly reflects high honor on 
the valor of the American soldier, as no example can be produced 
of undisciplined men, with inexperienced officers, braving a fire of 
two hours and a half, without quitting the field, or yielding to their 
antagonists. But, sir, the information I now give you is derived 
from officers of my confidence, who took active parts in this con- 
ifict ; for, though I was enabled to order the attack, it was my hard 
fortune not to be able to lead the troops I commanded. The di- 
sease with which I was assailed on the 2d of September, on my 
journey to fort George, having, With a few short intervals ef con- 
valescence, preyed on me ever since ; and at the moment of this 
action, I was confined to my bed, and emaciated almost to a skele- 
ton, unable to set on my .horse, or to move ten paces without as- 

I must, however be pardoned for trespassing on your time a few 
remarks in relation to the affair. The objects of the Brisish and 
American commanders were precisely opposed ; the last being 
bound by the instructions of his government, and the most solemn 
obligations of duty to precipitate his descent of the St. Lawrence 
by every practicable means ; because this being effected, one of the 
greatest difficulties opposed to the American army would be sur- 
mounted. And the first, by duties equally imperious, to retard, and 
if possible, prevent such descent : He is to be accounted victorious 
who effected his purpose. The British commander, having failed 
to ga^n cither of his objects, can lay no claim to the honors of the 
day. The battle fluctuated, and triumph seemed, at different times 
iwVlined to the contending corps. Hie front of the enemy was at 
iDxst forced hack more than a mile, and, though they itevvr r. - 
..gained the ground thus Ios(, theijp stand was pertQaueut, :iml then 

ehflvges resolute. Amidst thrsf charges, and near the close of tb> 
Contest, we lost a field piece by the fall of the officer who was 
serving it with the same coolness as if he had been at a parade of 
review : this was lieutenant Smith of the light artillery, who in 
point ot m. lit. stood at the head of his grade. 

The enen y having halted, and our troops being again formed in) 
battalia front to front, and the tiring ceased on both sides, were* 
sumed our position on t he bank of the river, and the infantrv be- 
ing much latigued, the wlroife were re-embarked, and proceeded 
down the river without further annoyance from the enemy or 
their gun bents, while the drairoons, with five pieces of liglit ar- 
tillery, marched down the Canada shore without molestation. 

Ilis due to his rank, to his worth and services, that I shoulil 
make parnctilar mention of brigadier-general Covington, who re- 
ceived a itvprtal wound directly through the body, w hfle animating; 
his men am) tending them to the charge. He fell where he fought, 
at tiie bead ot bis men, and survived but two days. 

The next morning the flotilla passed through thesautand joined 
that excellent officer, brigadier-general Brown, at Barnharts. near: 
Cornwall, where he hadijeen instructed to take post and wait my 
arnval, and where I confidently expected to hear of major-general 
Hampton's arrival on the opposite shore. But immediately after I 
halted, colonel Atkinson, the inspector-general of the division un- 
der major-mineral Hampton, waited on me with a letter from that 
officer, in which, to my unspeakable mortification and surprise he 
declined the junction ordered, and informed me he was marching 
towards lake Champlain, by way of cooperating in the proposed 
attack on Montreal. 

This letter, together with a copy of that to which it is an an- 7 
swer, were immediately submitted to a cotimil of war, composed 
°u-'? y £ encl ' al officers, and the colonel commanding the elite, the 
chief engineer, and tlie adjutant-general, who' unanimously 
E» ve lf a j5 their opinion, that "the attack on Montreal should be 
abandoned for the present season, and the army then near Cornwall* 
should he immediately crossed to the American shore for taking 
up winter quarters, and that thts place afforded an eligible position 
tbr such quarters." 

I acquiesced in thesfe opinions, not from the shortness of the 
stock of provisions (which had been reduced by the asts of God) 
because that of our meat had been increased five days, and our 
bread had been reduced only two days, and because we could 
in jftse of extremity, have lived on the enemy ; but because the 
loss of the division under major-geneval Hampton, weakened 
my force too sensibly to justify the attempt. In all my mea- 
sures and movements of moment, 1 have taken the opinions of my 
general officers, which have been in accord with my own. 

I remained on the Canada shore until the next day, without see- 
ing or hearing from the "powerful force" of the enemy in our 
neighborhood, and the same day reached this position with the 
artillery and infsr.try. The dra gowns have been ordered to Utica 
audits vicinity, and I expect are fifty or sixty miles on the march'* 

Yon have under cover a summary abstract, of the killed and 
Wounded in the affair of the 11th inst. which shall soon be follow*, 
ed by a particular return, in which a just regard will he paid to in-, 
dividual merits. The dead rest in honor, and the wounded bled 
for their country rmd deserve its gratitude. 

Wish perfect respect I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient 
humble servant, 


The hon. John Armstrong, secretary of war. 

Return of the killed and wounded of a detachment of the army of 
the United States, descending the Si% La-wrence, under the eonf- 
mand of major~gcncraL James Wilkinson, in an action fought at 
Williamsburg, in Upper Canada, on the Uth of November^ 1813. 



































































Names of the commissioned officers killed ond ■tyowndeii. 
Lieutenant William W. ^mith, of the light artillery. 

David Hunter, of the 12th regiment infantry. 
Edward Olmstead, of the 16th ditto. 
Brigadier -general Leonard Covington, mortally, (since dead.) 
Major Talbot Chambers, assistant adjutant-general, slightly. 
Major Darby Noon, aid de-camp to brigadiejfrgeneral Swartwouf 4 

Cojonef James P, Preston, of the 23d regiment infantry, severely^ 

his right thigh fractured. 
Major William Cum.iuings, 8th ditto, severely. 
Captain Edmur.d Foster, 9th ditto, slightly. 

David S. Townsend, Oth ditto, severely. Taken fithoHf"-" 
Mordecni Myers, 13th ditto, severely." 
John Campbell, 13th ditto, slightly* 
John B. Mnfdochj 2*«th ditto, *%V<" 



Lieut -'iunt William S. Henton. lltli ditto, severely. 
John Williams, loth ditto, slightly. 
John Lynch, 14th ditto, severely. Taken prisoner. 
Betas lVlham. ?lst ditto, severely. Taken prisoner. 
James D. Broun, 2.5th ditto, slightly. 
Archibald <-'. Crary, 25th ditto, severely, in the skir- 
mish the day before die action. 

Adjutant general's office, 

Head Ouarters, Military District No. 9, 
French Mills, November, 1813. 

J. B. WALBACH, adjutant-general. 
N. B. Colonel Preston commanded the 13th regiment of infantry 
o .ring the action; and major Cu mining's did duty with the 16th 
n. cement of infantry in the action. 

October 21st. Boisterous weather ; left Sackett's 
Harbor; at night arrived, off Grenadier Island. 

October 22a. Called for a return of the troops on 
the island ; found a large body to be still in the rear 
wrecked or stranded ; returned in quest of them, 
and to order from the harbor a supply of winter 
clothing and shoes for the troops on the island, who 
were nearly destitute j observed at night, on our 
way up, many fires on different points of the coast; 
wind so high could not call at tliem ; reached the 
harbor at midnight. 

October 23d. Orders given for the shipment of the 
clothing ; many stragglers picked up and embarked 
for Grenadier "ialancf ; col. Coles arrived with two 
hundred men of the 12th regiment and sailed for 
the same place ; the Growler equipped, manned, 
Airnished with a skipper, and sent to Oswego for 
colonels Randolph and Scott (who were expected at 
that place) and as many men as she could carry.— 
We sailed for Grenadier Island; arrived about 8 
•>'clock at night off the island ; weather blustering, 
with frequent rain. All this time the general's ill- 
ness continued without abatement. 

October 24th. Hard rains with heavy gales. Still 
at anchor off the island. 

October 25th. The general landed ; and measures 
were immediately taken to seize every pause of the 
prevailing storms to slip the flotilla into the St. Law- 
rence by small detachments. In these deceitful mo- 
mentary calms we found it impossible to traverse in 
safety (lie arm of the lake to Gravally point, though 
distant only nine miles. In the several attempts made, 
many boats driven ashore, and much provision and 
clothing lost. French creek, nearly opposite the 
point where the enemy expected we should land to 
attack Kingston, was made the general rendezvous 
of the troops, and brigadier-general Brown ordered 
on to take the chief command. The expedition of 
the Growler was so far successful, that on the 31st 
colonel Randolph, after a perilous voyage, reached 
Grenadier Island witii two hundred and thirty men 
of the 20th regiment. On the 2d November com- 
modore Chauncey, by concert, entered the St. Law- 
rence, fell down nearly to French creek, and took a 
position to command the north and south channels. 
In the evening of the 1st November our vigilant 
enemy having observed, even amid the storms, our 
movement and position at French creek, attacked 
the detachment at that place under general Brown, 
about sun-set, with a squadron of two brigs and two 
schooners, with many boats loaded with infantry for 
landing, should their cannonade make a sufficient 
impression. Very soon captain M'Pherson of the 
light artillery erected a battery of three 18 poun- 
ders, and returned their fire with such spirit and 
effect that they fell down to a harbor below, beyond 
its range. Next morning the attack was renewed 
and repelled, and one of the brigs was with great 
difficulty towed off by the squadron, which put in- 
to Kingston channel, behind Grand Island. We lost 
two killed and four wounded. The enemy were sup- 

posed to have suffered severely, from the evident 
disabled state of their brig, and the deliberate and 
well directed lire of the gallant captain M'Pherson. 
November 3d. The rear of the army, with the ge- 
neral more and more sick, sailed for the general ren- 
dezvous, where the chief part arrived in the even- 
ing. The general was carried on shore, and lodged 
in a tent, his malady increasing in violence. 

November 4th. This day was devoted to final ar- 
rangements for the sailing of the flotilla. Weather 

November 5th. Charming day. The flotilla got 
under way, and without accident fell down and land- 
ed early in the night below Morrisville. The gene- 
ral suspecting he would be followed by the enemy, 
as in the morning his course had been discovered by 
three of their look-out gun boats and a gig, and 
knowing that two of their armed schooners could 
jeopardize his movement, gave orders for the flotilla 
to pass Prescott, then seven miles below him, hi the 
course of the night. But some confusion occurred 
arising from the novelty of the movement, and the 
order was countermanded. 

November 6th. This morning the health of the 
general appeared better ; he ordered the flotilla to 
descend to a point within three miles of Prescott ; 
and the day being fine, got into his gig, and pro- 
ceeded to reconnoitre the place. In the mean time, 
the powder and fixed ammunition were debarked and 
placed in carts, to be transported by land, under 
cover of the night, beyond the enemy's batteries.— 
As soon as the general returned, orders were issued 
for the debarkation of every man (except^o many as, 
were necessary to navigate the boats) who were di- 
rected to march, under cover of the night, to save 
useless exposure to the enemy's cannon, to a bay 
two miles below Prescott ; and arrangements were 
uiade at the same time for the passage of the flotilla 
by that place, the superin tendency of which devolv- 
ed on brigadier-general Brown, the general officer 
of the day. About 8 o'clock P. M. we had so heavy 
a fog, that it was believed we could pass the British 
fortress unobserved, and orders were accordingly 
given for the army to march and the flotilla to get 
under way. The general in his gig proceded ahead, 
followed by his passage boat and family ; but a sud- 
den change of the atmosphere exposed his passage 
boat to the garrison of the enemy, and near fifty 
twenty-four pound shot were fired at her without 
effect, while the column on land, discovered by the 
gleam of their arms, were assailed with shot and 
shells without injury. General Brown, on hearing 
the firing, judiciously halted the flotilla until the 
moon had set, when it got in motion, but was per- 
ceived by the enemy, who opened upon it, and con- 
tinued their fire from front to rear for the space of 
three hours ; and yet, out of more than three hun- 
dred boats, not one was touched, and only one man 
killed, and two were wounded ; and before 10 next 
morning the whole of the flotilla (except two vessels) 
reached the place of rendezvous. About noon this 
day colonel King, adjutant-general of the army of 
general Hampton, arrived and waited on the com- 
mander-in-chief whom he informed, that he had been 
to Sackett's Harbor with a despatch from general 
Hampton to the secretary of war ; that he had no 
communication, written or verbal, from major-gene- 
ral Hampton to him (the commander-in-chief,) but 
that not finding the secretary of war at Sackett's 
Harbor, he had thought proper, on his return, to call 
for any communication he (general Wilkinson) might 
have to make to general Hampton. The general had 
intended, in the course of this day, to send an ex- 
press to general Hampton, with an order to him tQ 



form a junction of his division with the corps de- 
scending- the St. Lawrence, and availed himself of 
the opportunity presented by colonel King to send 
the order. 

November 7th. The general having- been exposed 
to the open air all last night, in consequence found 
himself ill. In passing Prescott, two 0* our largest 
vessels, loaded with provisions,- artillery, and ord- 
nance stores, either through cowardice or treachery, 
had been run into the river near Ogdensburgv and 
opposite Prescott. The enemy kept up so constant 
a cannonade On them, that we found it difficult, and 
lost half a day, to get them out. We perceived the 
militia in arms at Johnson, directly opposite us, and 
several pieces of field artillery in motion. Under- 
standing that the coast below was lined with posts 
of musquetry and artillery at every narrow pass of 
the river, colonel Macomb was detached about one 
o'clock with the elite corps of about 1200 men, to 
remove these obstructions, and the general got un- 
der way about half past three o'clock. Four or five 
miles below we entered the first rapids of the river 
and soon after passing 1 them, two pieces of light 
artillery, which had not been observed by colonel 
Macomb, opened a sharp fire upon the general's pas- 
sage boat, but without any further effect than cut- 
ting away some of the rigging. Lieutenant-colonel 
Eustis, with a part of our light gun barges, came 
within shot of the pieces of the enemy, and a can- 
nonade ensued, without injury on either side. In 
the mean time major Forsythe, who was in the rear 
of the elite of colonel Macomb, landed his riflemen, 
advanced upon the enemy's guns, and had his fire 
drawn by a couple of videttes, posted in his route, 
on which their pieces were precipitately carried off. 
The general came to at dusk about six miles below 
the town of Hamilton, where he received a report 
from colonel Macomb, who had routed a party at a 
Mock-house about two miles below, and captured an 

November 8th. This morning the flotilla fell 
down to a contraction of the river at a point called 
the "White house," were the dragoons were assem- 
bled to be crossed. Brigadier general Brown was 
ordered this morning to reinforce colonel Macomb 
With his brigade, and to take the command; and the 
whole day and following night were devoted to trans- 
porting the dragoons. About noon thjs day we re- 
ceived advice that two armed schooners and a body 
of the enemy in batteaux, estimated at 1000 or 
1500 men, had descended the river from Kingston 
and landed at Prescstt; that they had immediately 
sent a flag across the river to Ogdensburg, and de- 
manded the delivery of all public property there, 
under the penalty, of burning the town. Not long 
after, information was received that the enemy had 
re-embarked at Prescott their batteaux, and were 
following us with seven gun boats. 

November 9th. This morning very early the ene- 
my menaced our rear, and a light skirmish took 
place between our rifleman and a party of their mi- 
litia and Indians,in which we had one man killed and 
the enemy were driven back. The cavalry with four 
pieces of light artillery, under the command of 
captain M'Pherson, were attached to the command 
of brigadier general Brbwn, and he was ordered to 
march to clear the coast below us as far as a point 
near the head of the "tongue saut." The rapidity 
of the current obliged us to halt the flotilla several 
hours, to enable general Brown to make good his 
march in time to cover our movement. During this 
period the enemy frequently threatened our real-, but 
never indicated an -intention to make a serious at- 

tack. About three o'clock, P. M. the flotilla got 
under way and came to, about five o'clock, at the 
yellow house, having floated near eleven miles in 
two hours, where we encamped for the night. 

November 10th. This morning the following orV 
der was Issued: 

"Morning general orders. 

Headquarters, Tattle's bay, Nov. 10, 1813. 

" General Brown will prosecute his march with* 
the troops yesterday under his command, excepting 
two pieces of artillery and the 2nd dragoons who> 
with all the well men of the other brigades, except 
a sufficient number to navigate the boats, are to 
march under the orders of brigadier general Boyd™ 
This precaution is enjoined by regard to the safety 
of the men in passing the longue sout; and as this 
rapid is long and dangerous, the general earnestly 
requests the commanding officers of regiments and 
corps to examine the boats and see them properly 
fitted, in order to avoid accidents as much as possi- 
ble. Brigadier general Boyd will take the necessa- 
ry precaution to prevent the enemy whv hangs ok 
our rear from making an advantageous attack, and 
if attacked is to turn about and beat them. The 
boats are to resume the station assigned them in the 
original order respecting the flotilla, and for this 
the commanding officers of regiments and brigades 
will be held responsible. The movement of yester- 
day was a reproach to the service. The flotilla will 
come to to-day at Barnharts nea^p Crab island, and 
two guns from the front will be the signal for land- 
ing. In case of an attack in force beyond all expec- 
tation, the corps under brigadier generals Boyd and 
Brown are to co-operate with each other promptly 
and with decision. The general officer of the day 
will strictly attend and see that the flotilla puts off 
and moves in the prescribed order, and will arrest 
any officer who presumes to deviate therefrom." 

Brig. gen. Brown marched, and about noon was 
engaged by a party of the enemy near a block house* 
on the saut, erected to harrass our flotilla in its de- 
scent. About the same time the enemy were observed 
to be advancing on our rear, and their galley and 
gun boats hove in sight, approached our flotilla then, 
at shore and began to cannonade it. The slender 
structure of our gun barges made it impossible fo? 
them to resist the long twenty-four pounder of the. 
enemy's galley; this obliged the general to order 
two eighteen pounders to be run on shore and formed 
in battery, a single shot from which gave such an 
alarm to the enemy's vessels that they retired up 
the river accompanied by their troops. But these 
slight operations so far wasted the day that our pi- 
lots were afraid to enter the saut (a continued rapid 
of tight miles) with the flotilla; we therefore fell 
down within two or three miles of the head of it 
and came to for the night, By this time the gene* 
ral hadbecomefso extremely ill as to be unable to set 
up and was confined to his bed in a small birth un-» 
der the quarter deck of his passage boat. 

November 11th. Having heard the firing of the 
cannon yesterday between general Brown and the 
enemy, being still unapprized of the result, it be- 
came necessary that we should hear from him before 
we committed ourselves to the saut, which allows 
no retreat, no landing, no turning to the right or 
left but where the impetuosity of the current impels, 
About 10 or 11 o'clock A. M. the commander in 
chief received advice from general Brown that he 
had forced the enemy to retire before him, and had 
arrived near the foot of the "saut." Orders were 
immediately given for the flotilla to prepare to sail 
and for general Boyd and his command to commence 



their march, when some fifing toot place from the 
gun boats, and a report was brought to the com- 
mander in chief that the enemy was advancing in 
column; on this he ordered general Boyd to attack 
them, and the flotilla was directed not to leave the 
shore. But the report was soon after contradicted. 
A variety of reports respecting their movements and 
counter movements were, after this, successively 
brought to the general, which; impressed him with 
a conviction that the enemy had determined to at- 
tack his rear as soon as the flotilla should pttt off 
■and the troop's commence their march; he resolved 
to anticipate them. He therefore sent colonel Swift 
of the engineers with instructions to brigadier-ge- 
neral Boyd, who had been directed by the order of 
the preceding day to take command of the detach- 
ment on shore, to form that detachment into three 
columns, to advance upon the enemy, to endeavor to 
outflank them, and to take their artillery. Soon af 
terthis the action commenced, and for the numbers 
engaged was extremely warm and bloody for up- 
wards of two hours, during which time, in open 
space and fair combat, the raw undisciplined troops 
of the United States, braved and frequently drove 
the best troops in the British army. Descriptions of 
battles have become too subservient to the gratifica- 
tion of personal vanity and the acquisition of popu- 
lar applause: yet every man who has taken part in a 
great action must know that there is nothing more 
difficult than to do justice to the merits of a battle 
In all its parts, where it is hard to find two officers, 
unless fighting side by side, who agree in opinion as 
to the propriety of measures and the conduct of men. 
The fortunes of this day were various; sometimes 
one line, sometimes the other giving way. Unfortu- 
nately during the shiftings of the action, by the 
death of Iieut. Smith, a young officer of the highest 
promise, the enemy got possession of a field piece, 
the only trophy they obtained. It is difficult to speak 
of the precise numbers engaged on either side, be- 
cause the detachment under general Boyd consisted 
of an indefinite number of his own", Covington's 
and Swartwout's brigades, ordered from on board the 
boats to .lighten them, and save the hazard of the 
mens lives in descending the saut. Neither Coving- 
ton nor Swartwout were obliged to have taken part 
in the action, with this detachment; yet they both 
entered the field, taking command of that part of 
it which belonged to their respective brigades, 
where thev exhibited the same same courageous con- 
duct which distinguished general Boyd on the field; 
and to the great loss of the service brigadier-general 
Covington received a mortal wound ytf'hen encourag- 
ing and leading on his detachment. The numbers 
engaged on our side could not have exceeded six- 
teen or seventeen hundred men, while those of Hie 
enemy are reckoned, by spectators, at from one to 
two thousand; but 'tis probable did not exceed 
1,500, consisting, as we are informed, of detach- 
ments of the 49th, 84th, and 104th, the voltigeurs, 
and Glengarian regiment. 

With respect to the courage displayed by our 
M facers, it would be useless to enter into details, 
since they all manifested in their respective stations 
• qual intrepidity. The names of the mcritorous 
-U ad and wounded will be recorded in another place. 
The firing ceased by common consent about 4 o'clock 
P. M. our troops were formed in battalion in front 
4)i' the enemy, who were also in line, and they se- 
parated, the enemy to their camp, and we to our 
boats. Tlie troops' being much exhausted, it was 
e ris'-d'-red-most convenient that they should em- 
bark, and the dragoons with the artillery should 
proceed by lard The embarkation took p+ur?, with' 

out the smallest molestation from the enemy, antJ 
the flotilla made a harbor near the head of the" saut* 
on the opposite shore. The views of the Ameri*' 
can and British commanders Were, on this occa- 
sion precisely opposed. The fifst being bound by 
the instructions of his government, and the most 
solemn obligations of duty to precipitate his de* 
scent of the St. Lawrence by every practicable 
means, and the last by duties equally imperious 
to lvtard, and if possible to prevent such descent,? 
— — If then he found himself victorious on this 
day, it was certainly in his power to have effected 
the one or the other object; and as he made no a%V 
tempt to effect either/ it follows incontestibly that 
he had no fair ground on which to claim a vic- 

November l ; 2th. The flotilla sfailed early tin's 
morningj^and passed down the saut without disco- 
vering either the boats or troops of the enemy, and 
arrived, in the course of the forenoon, at 'Barnharty 
where the commanding general received a Tetter 
from major general Hampton, by the hands of colo« 
nel Atkinson, his inspector general, which blasted 
all his hqpes and destroyed every prospect of the 
campaign. A council of war was called upon the 
receipt of this communication, which was submit- 
ted to their consideration whereupon the council de- 
termined that the conduct of major general Hampton 
in refusing to join his division to the trodps descend- 
ing the St. Lawrence to carry an attack against Mbriy 
treal, render it expedient to leave the left bank of 
the St. Lawrence, and to remove the troops to French 
Mills, on Salmon /river; on the 13th of November 
this recommendation was accordingly carried into 
effect; ample time having been given to the- enemy 
to have tried a second action, if they had dared to 
run the hazard. 

Extract of a letter from major general Wilkinson to 
the secretary of nvar > dated French Mills, JVovetn* 
berlt, 1813. 

" After what has passed between us, you can per- 
haps conceive my amazement and chagrin at the 
conduct of major-general Hampton. The game 
was in vje#», and,* had he performed the junc- 
tion directed, would have been ours in eight or ten 
days. But he chose to recede, in order to co-operate> 
and my dawning hopes, and the hopes and honor of 
the army were blasted." 

Extract from the general order of general Wilkinson, 
of November 13. 

ie The troops are to embark without loss of time 
yet are not to be hurried in leaving the Canadian 
shore, from whence the commander in chief is com- 
pelled to retire by the extraordinary, unexampled, 
and it appears unwarrantable conduct of major-ge- 
neral Hampton, in refusing to join this army with a 
division of 4,000 men under his command, agreea- 
bly to positive orders from the commander in chief, 
and as lie has been assm-ed by the secretary oC 
war, of explicit instructions from the war depart- 

"Thus deprived of a large portion of his pro- 
mised foroe, the commander in chief feels himself 
bound by a sense of regard to this meritorious corps, 
and of sacred duty to the United States to spare 
the lives of brave men, and not to hazard the cha- 
racter or interest of the nation, by an unequal con- 
flict. He with lively regret and the deepest morti- 
fication, suspends the attack on Moutreal. But he 
assures tire army that it 'has not been abandoned.' 



No. 6 OF VOL. VI.] 


[whole no. 136' 

H<ec olim meminisse juvabit. — Vihgtl. 

Printed and published by H. Niles, South-st. next door to the Merchants' Coffee House, at $ 5 per 

Public Documents. 


Colonel Purdy y s report to major general Wilkinson of 
the action at Chateauga, &c.. transmitted by the ge- 
neral to the secretary of -war. 
I arrived at Cumberland head September 16th, 
1813, and on the 18th took command of the 4th re- 
giment of infantry, stationed at that place. The ar- 
my, consisting of about four thousand men, was 
composed principally of recruits who had been but 
a short time in service, and had not been exercised 
with that rigid discipline so essentially necessary to 
constitute the soldier. They Had, indeed, been 
taught various evolutions, but a spirit of subordi- 
nation was foreign to their views. On the 19th or- 
ders were issued for the whole army, except a 
squadron of horse and the artillery* to embark in 
batteaux. The army got under way, preceded by 
the light corps, and flanked on the right by the navy, 
and arrived at Chazy at 12 o'clock at night, lay on 
their arms, embarked again soon after sunrise the 
next morning, proceeded down the lake as far as 
Champlain, and up Champlain river the distance of 
four miles, where we landed, and immediately 
marched to Odletown. The light corps, who pre- 
ceded the other troops some hours, surprised and 
defeated a guard of the enemy at that place. We 
remained at Odletown until the middle of the next 
day, during which time a want of system m the ma- 
nagement of the army was readily discovered by 
every military man, that led to apprehensions for 
the safety of the troops, should the enemy oppose 
with any considerable force. The army returned to 
Champlain the 21st, the 22d to Chazy, and the day 
following commenced the route to Chataugay. The 
Whole of this march, a distance of more than seven- 
ty miles, was very disagreeable: the officers were not 
permitted to take with them the necessaries, much 
less the conveniences of life, and were compelled 
to abandon clothing and other things essentially ne 
cessary to preserve the body in health. We forbore 
complaint, endured every privation, presuming the 
commanding officer had sufficient reasons for his con 
duct, and concluding it was pro bono publico, The 
scene has past and time sufficient has elapsed to 
have discovered those reasons, had they existed: 
none have been found; on the contrary), circumstan- 
ces have demonstrated that it was a useless and un- 
necessary sacrifice of both public and private proper- 
ty. The army remained at Chataugay twenty-six 
days, and on the 2 1st October commenced an excur- 
sion into the eriemy's country. The first brigade fol- 
lowed the course of the Chataugay river to Spears, 
the distance of 18 miles and upwards* and there 
met the second brigade, which had taken a nearer 
and more convenient route. The march was very- 
fatiguing, equalled only by another that soon follow- 
ed. Credit is clue to both the officers and soldiers 
for their orderly conduct, patience and perseverance, 
in surmouting the incredible obstacles the enemy 
threw in their way. On the 25th a difficult and 
very fatiguing expedition was planned, and the ex-' 
ecution of it assigned to the first brigade, which 
had been for some time previous, and still regained 

V^OL. VI. 

under my command. The design was to Cut off the 
retreat of the enemy, supposed to be encamped on 
the banks of the Chataugay, six miles distance. — 
With this intention the first brigade was ordered tm 
cross the river at night, march silently down and 
recross at a ford two miles below the enemy and at- 
tack them in rear, giving a preconcerted signal, 
while the second brigade moved down the road in 
front. We commenced the march at sun-down, and 
by sun rise the next morning had gained only six 
miles. Here. we were discovered by the enemy and 
fired on from the opposite side of the river. During 
that night we were repeatedly misled by the guides 
who knew nothing of the country, having never been 
that way, and at the time we were attacked, they 
had. led us into a thick cedar growth or swamp on 
the banks of the river and immediately opposite the 
enemy's position, and knew not how to extricate 
us. Incredible as it may appeal*, general Hampton 
entrusted nearly one half of his army, and those his 
best troops, to the guidance of men, each of whom 
repeatedly assured him that they we're not acquaint- 
ed with the country, and were not competent to direct 
such an expedition, At the same time general 
Hampton told me he had a man by the name of Smith, 
who had a perfect knowledge of the country, and 
whom he promised to send me, but which lie neglect- 
ed to do. The defeat of the expedition was the con- 
sequence of this neglect of the major-general. About 
two o'clock, while receiving an order from colonel 
King, adjutant-general, upon the opposite side of 
the river, to march back four miles and then fore? 
the river and join the 2d brigade, the enemy made a 
furious attack on the column by a great discharge cjf 
musketry, accompanied by the yells of the savages. 
Unfortunately, the word "retreat," was heard, which, 
for a short time spread confusion among the several 
corps. A sufficient number, however, remained 
firm, and the enemy was soon compelled to retire, 
ToAvards sun-down I sent general Hampton a request 
that a regiment might be ordered down to cover my 
landing on the opposite side of the river ; but judge 
my surprise* on receiving intelligence that he had re- 

treated with the second brigade nearly three miles, 
Thus was I deserted without the smallest guard to 
cover my landing. To what cause shall it be attri- 
butedj that the general ordered a retreat, and tha£ 
too at the moment when the presence of the second 
brigade was required, or could be useful, as soon 
afterwards he declared "he should be willing to- 
compound with the first brigade for 500 men." The 
wounded had previously been conveyed across on 
rafts, which made a removal of my brigade to that 
side absolutely necessary for their protection. An 
attempt was accordingly made and a floating bridge 
soon constructed of old logs found on the margin of 
the river. The enemy discovering our disposition, 
commenced a firing from the opposite side, and killed 
several while crossing. Major Snelling, with about 
a hundred men effected a landing, and joined t-he 
main body. The remainder of my force, exhausted 
by the excessive exertions of the preceding night, 
and weary with the fatigues of the day, not having 
had a moment either for rest or refreshment, were 
compelled to endure the privation of sleep another 
igbt. We retired two or three miles and took a 



position. At about 12 o'clock die enemy came up 
and made an attack upon ns, but were soon routed. 
1 lie men at this time were formed and lying on the 
ground they were to occupy in case of an attack, 
and were ordered to and did immediately rise, seize 
their arms, and remain under them the residue of 
the night An excessively heavy rain prevented the 
filing 1 both of the enemy and ourselves, except oc- 
casionally a single gun from the former. Our troops 
were ordered not to fire, but in cuse of a repetition 
of attack to charge bayonets : this was accordingly 
done. The enemy charged several times, and as of- 
ten were put to flight. It is observable in this place, 
that so greatly were the men overpowered by fatigue, 
though in a situation every way dangerous, and in 
which they had every reason to believe they should 
be sallied "upon by the enemy every moment, many 
were unable to conquer their disposition to sleep, 
and it was not in the power of the officers to keep 
them awake. It was on the morning of this last 
attack, that the general expressed his apprehensions 
for the first brigade, and made the declaration above 
quoted. The next morning we crossed the river and 
joined general Hampton ; on the 2 Btli the array re- 
treated four miles, and on the oOlh and 31st march- 
ed back to Chataugay. The troops at the times of 
the attack were not in a situation to endure further 
fatigue ; and it is an indubitable fact, that many ofl 
them were so debilitated they were unable to pro- 
ceed with the brigade on its march from the place of 
its last attack and actually did not reach the main 
bedy until the day after the brigade had joined it, 
and some not even until the army had reached the 
Four Corners of Chataugay. 

Never to my knowledge, during our march into 
Canada, and while we remained at the Four Corners, 
a term of twenty-six days, did general Hampton 
ever send off a scouting or reconnoitering party (ex- 
cept in one or two cases at Spear's in Canada, when 
he detached a few dragoons for this duty) nor did 
he, from the time we commenced our march from 
Cumberland head to our arrival at Flattsburg, ever 
order a front, flank, or rear guard to be kept up, 
though a great part of the time we were in situa- 
tions which evidently required it. True it is, these 
guards were occasionally sent out, not, however, by 
his order, but by the orders of the officers command- 
ing brigades. 

By a general order, dated Chataugay, November 
5; the general says he has paid the first attention to 
the sick, and has granted them indulgences which 
created murmurings on the part of some officers at 
their posts. It is only necessary here to observe, 
t!i at every officer of the army can testify that the 
sick were very much neglected as far as regards com- 
fortable quarters and transportation, and that they 
were strewed along the roads through which we 
marched without care or attendance ; and it is pre- 
sumable that many have died in consequence of this, 
who might have been saved to themselves if not to 
the service. The general, indeed, at the time this 
order was issued, which was after our return to the 
Four Corners, did order transportion for the sick to 
Burlington, but this is the only instance to my know- 

The commissary's department is worthy of notice 
My order for provision was not sufficient ; nor could 
I obtain any but by special license of general Hamp- 
ton. The commissary of issues has been constantly 
in the habit of selling the livers, &c. of the beeves 
to officers ; and though I represented this to general 
Hampton as unusual and improper, he refused to 
take any other notice of it than saying, "the com- 
missary is accountable for all parts of the beef, even 
■r> a pound or ounce of tallow r n nor did he take 

any notice of another piece of misconduct of the 
commissary, that of acting in the capacity of sut- 
ler, but sanctioned it by purchasing of him. 

The common practices with general Hampton, of 
arresting officers and releasing them without their 
consent ; of releasing arrested officers without the 
knowledge or consent of the officers by whom they 
were arrested, (the case of lieutenant Morris, of the 
33d regiment, who was arrested by me on the charge 
of cowardice and misconduct before the enemy on 
the 26th October, 1813, the time of the skirmish 
with the enemy at Ormstown, or Chataugay river, 
being an instance ;) of refusing to arrest officers 
whom I reported to him as having deserted their 
posts in time of action ; of daily issuing orders and 
countermanding them ; and of interfering in an im- 
proper manner with the subordinate commands of 
the army, as a reference to the orders issued by him 
will show, mark very strongly the capriciousness of 
his conduct and the total want of steadiness in his 

Such has been the general's conduct on some oc- 
casions, that I have, in common with other officers, 
been induced to believe that he was under the in- 
fluence of a too free use of spirituous liquors. 

I must, in justice to general Hampton say, that 
the expedition he planned, and which I have called 
"difficult and fatiguing," did, at the time it was 
suggested to me, by him, meet my full approbation, 
and that I have since seen no reason for changing my 
opinion of its practicability or usefulness ; but I 
must also say that it required competent guides ; 
and these ^as I said before) he promised to furnish 
me, but did not 

I am of opinion no officer that has served under 
major-general Hampton, on the late campaign can, 
or will contradict this statement. 


Colonel 4th infantry- 

A true copy, 


Captain and secretary. 

Extract of a letter from the secretary of -war to major- 
general Wilkinson. 

Albany, Novemher 18, 1813. 

*'My last advices from you are of the 3d inst. — 
Report says that the garrisons of Kingston and Pres- 
cott have found means to overtake your rear, to 
bring it to action, to handle it roughly, and to com-j 
pel it to retreat to the main body. To this I give noj 
credit : 

"1st. Because moving with the celerity necessa-s 
ry to your objects, it is highly improbable that they 
could by any exertion, have been able to overtake 
you : and 

"2d. Because it is quite incredible, that finding^ 
in your rear, a heavy corps capable of disturbingj 
the main action of the' campaign, you should not havef 
taken effectual measures to beat and destroy it. If 
1,600 men were not sufficient for this purpose, 6,000| 
were so ; and the garrisons of Kingston and Pres-i 
cott destroyed (though we failed of getting to Mom; 
treal,) the upper province was won." 

Extract of a letter from major-general Wilkinson tt\ 

the secretary of war, dated French Mills, Novem-l 

her 24, 1813. 

"I have had the honor to receive your letter ofthe | 
15th instant from Albany, and hope my despatches! 
have reached you which left this on the 17th. i 

"With respect to the unfortunate issue of the. 
campaign, I disclaim the shadow of blame, because 
I know 1 have done my duty, and more than my duty | 
and so do those with whom I have acted. Togene<> 
ral Hampton's outrage of every principle of subordinu. 



Hon and discipline may be ascribed (he failure of the 
fe tpediUon', and that I have not yet arretted him must 
be attributed to my respect for you, and my desire 
that the arrest should proceed from the highest au- 
thority ; for if this act be suffered to p;iss unnoticed 
anil unpunished it will establish a precedent to jus- 
tify disobedience and subvert those obligations of 
blind obedience on which the efficiency of military 
institutions exclusively depend. 

"After our losses by deaths, desertions, and dis- 
charges since we left Sackett's Harbor, 1 think we 
shall not be able to show you more than 6,000 men 
at this point, exclusive of the dragoons who have 
been ordered to Greenbush and Pittsfield for conve- 
nience and economy. 

"War department, November 25, 1313. 

Sin— It is recommended to you to consolidate 
your infantry and artillery into complete regiments, 
or as nearly so as possible, for the winter, retaining 
a full complement of your most efficient officers to 
command them, and detaching all surplus officers 
immediately on the recruiting service, and to the 
several districts indicated by the rules and regula- 
tions. This regulation should extend to general 
Hampton's division. 

An immediate inquiry into the terms of enlistment 
of the men composing your army should be insti- 
tuted, and endeavors should be made to re-enlist 
all those whose terms of service are about expiring. 

The most severe attention to discipline must be 
brgun, and the slightest departures from it, whe- 
ther in officer or soldier, noticed and punished. 

Clerks to the several companies must be appointed, 
and company books kept, showing every thing re- 
ceived by the soldier, and charging him therewith. 
If on the next or any future inspection it be found 
that any article of his clothing, or of his arms, has 
been lost or sold, the article is to be supplied, and 
the price deducted from his wages. With regard to 
clothing and arms there have been the most shock- 
ing abuses. 

Confidential reports are provided by the rules and 
must be made agreeable thereto. The inspector who 
neglectg or refuses to perform this duty, shall be dis- 
missed the service. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient 

Major general Wilkinson, 

Extract of a letter from major-general Wilkinson to 
tho secretary of war, dated head quarters, Maloiie, 
military district JYo. 9, December 6, 1813. 
" Your three letters of the 25th ultimo came to 
- hand on the 30th; and I am happy to find that I had 
anticipated the views communicated in those letters, 
as far as respects the security of our flanks and cen- 
tre. When I ordered major-general Hampton to re- 
inforce the post of the Four Corners, it was under 
ttie impression that Cumberlahd-head was guarded; 
but the moment I was undeceived and apprised of 
the exposed situation of our depot at Plattsburg, the 
order was countermanded, as you have seen from the 
documents which I have transmitted you. You 
must also have perceived from those documents, 
that I was not insensible of the importance of con- 
densing of r force, and that I made a proposition res- 
pecting quarters preparatory to such event." 

•Abstract from the report of the adjutant general of ge- 
neral Wilkinson's army, showing- the whole number 
of non-commissioned officers, musicians, and artifi 



2d reg 

iment artillery 



5 th regiment infantry 







13 th 
















Adjutant and inspector qcneraVs office, 
January 27, ^U 

A. Y. N1COLL, 

Inspector general^ 
Note — The two regiments of light dragoons, whiph 
had made part of general Wilkinson's force descend- 
ing the St. Lawrence, are not included in this return, 
these corps having been detached to Utica. 

Extract of a letter from major general Wilkinson to 
the secretary of war, dated *li alone, Dec. 8, 1813. 
" The unavoidable delay of the express (as no re^ 
liance can be placed in the mail from this place) en- 
ables me to send you the copy of a letter from gene- 
ral Izard, dated the 6th inst. which exhibits addition-, 
al expositions of the pernicious and unwarrantable 
conduct of major-general Hampton. I will not 
charge this man with traitorous designs, but I ap- 
prehend, in any other government, a military officer 
who first defeated the object of a campaign by diso- 
bedience of orders, and then without authority, fur- 
loughed all the efficient officers of the division he 
commanded on a national frontier, in the vicinity of 
an enemy, would incur heavy penalties." 
Extract of a letter from brigadier general Izard tp 
major general Wilkinson, dated Plattsburg, De° 
cember6, 1813. 

"There is an unavoidable delay in the returns of 
ttie regiments of this division, proceeding from the 
extreme inexperience of the officers of all grades, 
now with them; almost every efficient officer is either 
sick, or was furloughed by major general Hampton 
at the moment of his own departure; those that re- 
main are barely enough to perform the routine of du- 
ty in this cantonment." 

Extract of a letter from major general Wilkinson to the 
secretary of war, dated Jhalone, Dec. 24, 1813. 
" 1 believe I have not hithert® transmitted you a 
copy of a communication which took place between 
commodore Chauncey and myself, the day before X 
sailed from French creek, and I do it now to show 
you what where my anticipations of the movements 
of the enemy left behind me, and how delusive 
were all the promises mad© to me that my rear 
should be protected," 

. French Greek, November 4, 1813. 1 
Dear sir — I Was so ill yesterday I could not call to 
see you; and I now send up to say that I shall sail 
this evening; and if I am not obstructed by thft 
enemy s s armed vessels which may have slipped 
down the other channel, I shall pass PresCott to- 
morrow night, or land the next morning to take the 
place, if I cannot pass it without too great hazard. 
As this operation may require three or four days, it 
is not improbable the enemy's squadron may make 
some attempts to destroy my boats; and therefore I 
cers of the several regiments, and wrps, uii Becem [must entreat you to watch his every motion; and tp 
bev 1, 1813: igive my ftotitfa every protection in. your power-- 



We are a match to the gun-boats of the enemy, 
but inferior to armed schooners, and therefore could 
vou consistently spare us the Pert, or some armed 
v C >s- 1, to run down to the vicinity of Ogdensburg, 
xnd i in mediately return, it would add security to 
our movements. 

Major Johnson will have the honor to deliver you 
this, and I will thank you for any information you 
can give me respecting the movements of the enemy. 

I wish very much to say farewell to you, but I 
am sensible of Uie delicacy of your situation, and 
mv disease having changed into a violent inflamma- 
tion of the breast, I dare not get wet. If then it is 
destined that we are not to meet again, I will leave 
with you my prayers for long life and laurels in this 
world, and everlasting happiness in that which is to 

Farewell my friend, and may your country under- 
stand vour skill and valor as well as does 


Commodore Chauncey. 

United States* ship General Pike, at anchor off 
eastesd of Long Island, river St. Lawrence , 
November 4, 1813. 

Dear sir — You** favor of this day's date has this 
moment been handed to me by major Johnson. 

From the best information that I can get, the ene- 
my's fleet is at or in the vicinity of Kingston, and I 
think that you have nothing to apprehend from them, 
as I am in a situation to watch both channels. 

I should deem it unsafe to separate any part of my 
squadron as long as the enemy remains above me: in 
fact, I am in hourly expectation of being attacked 
bv sir James down the south channel; in that case I 
shall require all my force, as he has added a number 
of gun boats to his fleet. If, however, sir James 
should detacli any part of his fleet down the north 
channel, I will send a sufficient force down to oppose 

I will remain in my present station until you pass 
Prescott, but am anxious for that event to take 
place at as early a day as possible, as the fleet can- 
not move out of this river except with a fair wind. 
It is to be apprehended that after a few days a spell 
i)\ westvvardly winds will set in, which may detain 
us until the ice makes, which would endanger the 
safety of the fleet, and probably lead to its final 
destruction. If it is possible for you to communi- 
cate to me in any way, when you pass Prescott, I 
should esteem it as a particular favor. 

May your present enterprise be crowned with all 
the success that you yourself can wish; and that 
your eminent services may be duly appreciated by 
your country is the prayer of, 
Dear sir, your friend 

and humble servant, 

Major general James Wilkinson, commander 

in cluef of the American forces in and up- 
on the St. Lawrence, &c. &C. &C. 

Correspondence between the secretary of war and colo- 
nel Farter and general JW'Clure, &c. 

War department, February 23, 1812. 
Sin — As the enemy's force and defences on the 
Canada side of the Niagara river are understood to 
be weak; as your force is respectable, and supposed 
to be competent to a successful attack of these; and 
as the season has now furnished you with a bridge, 
as well for retreat as for advance, it is thought ad- 
visable that you do not permit circumstances so fa- 
vorable to escape without making a stroke on such 
points of the enemy's line, as may be most within 
your reach. If after feeling the enemy at fort Erie, 
you should find yourself able to extend your attack 
to fort Gwtge, it. will be de_sirable; but of this you 

can judge best after your first experiment. To an 
old soldier, like yourself, it is unnecessary to go 
more into detail. You know what you ought to do, 
and you will do it. Communicate this letter to lieu- 
tenant colonel Bocrstler, and accept the assurances 
of my respect and good wishes. 


Colonel Porter, light artillery, commanding 

the troops of the United States on the 

A'iagara river. 

Extract of a letter from major general Dearborn to 
the secretary of war, dated Albany, March 25,. 

" Colonel Porter informs me that he had commen- 
ced the necessary preparations for an attack on fort 
Erie, but the desertion of a serjeant prevented his 
carrying his intended attack into operation. Two 
officers with six men pursued the serjeant so far as 
to be surrounded on the ice, and were made prison- 
ers. Fort Erie was immediately reinforced, and 
he had given over any immediate movement." 

Letter from colonel Scott (3d artillery regiment) to 
major-general Wilkinson. 
Fort George, Monday, 7 o'clock, P. M. Oct. 11, 1813. 

Sir — Within the last five minutes, 1 h ve had the 
honor to receive your despatch by "The L&dv of the 

The enemy lias treated me with neglect. He con- 
tinued in his old position until Saturday last, (the 
9th) when he took up his retreat on Burlington 
heights, and has abandoned this whole peninsula. Two 
causes are assigned for this precipitate movement ; 
the succor of Proctor, who is reported to have been 
entirely defeated, if not taken ; the other, the safety 
of Kingston*, endangered by your movement. 

We have had from the enemy many deserters, most 
of whom concur in the latter supposition. 

The British burnt every thing in store in this 
neighborhood, 3,000 blankets, many hundred stand 
of arms, also the blankets in the men's packs, and 
every article of clothing not in actual use. 

They are supposed to have reached Burlington 
heights last evening, from the rate of their march 
the night before. 1 have information of their having 
passed "the 40" by several inhabitants who have 
come down. They add to what was stated by the 
deserters, that two officers of the 41st had joined 
general Vincent from Proctor's army with the infor- 
mation that Proctor was defeated eighteen miles this 
side of Maiden. I cannot get particulars. 

From the same sources of intelligence, it appears 
that the 49th, a part of the 100th, and the voltigeurs 
moved from this neighborhood the day after out" 
flotilla left this, the 3d instant, but with What desti- 
nation is not certainly known. 

It was first reported (T mean in the British camp) 
that these regiments had marched to support Proc- 
tor, who it is said, wrote that he would be compelled 
to surrender if not supported. 

I am pretty sure, however, that they are gone be-' 
low. The movement of our army, below, seems to 
have been known in the British lines as early as the 
3d instant, together with the immediate objects in 
view ; hence I have no diffiulty in concluding that 
all the movements of the enemy will concentrate at 

Chapin, who has been commissioned lieutenant^ 
colonel, marched late last evening up tjie lake, with 
about 100 volunteers under his command, and was 
followed this morning by generals M'Clure and Por- 
ter, with about 1000 men, indians and militia in- 
cluded. There is no danger of their coming up 
with the enemy, or they would be in great danger 
of a total annihilation- 



Vincent took hence with him about a thousand or meet your approbation, I can send the horses thence 

eleven hundred regulars. Many of the militia left 
tills with the avowed design of plunder; but I fear, 
from reports, that the British have left the misera- 
ble inhabitants without any thing to be ravished.—- 
I expeci general M'Clure back to-morrow evening, 
as he only took supplies for two days ; he will proba- 
bly go as fir as "the 20." 

On the 8th, Chapin went out with a small party 
and attacked one of the enemy's picquets, which 
brought on a skirmish, in which many of colonel 
Swift's regiment participated. After a great waste 
of ammunition, the parties retired to their respec- 
tive camps with little loss on either side ; we made 
and lost a prisoner, had two mdians killed, and two 
other men wounded. We hear the enemy lud five 
men wounded. 

I had this morning made an arrangement, on ap- 
plication of general M'Clure, to be relieved in the 
command of this post on the morning of the 13th 
instant, with an intention of taking up my line of 
march for Sackett's Harbor, according to the discre- 
tion allowed me in the instructions I had the honor 
to receive from you at this place. My situation has 
become truly insupportable : without the possibility 
of an attack at this post, and without the possibility 
of reaching you time enough to share in the glory 
of impending operations below. I am, nevertheless, 
flattered with the assurance that transport will be 
forwarded for my removal, and to favor that inten- 
tion, I propose taking up my line of march on the 
morning of the 13th for the of the Gennessee 
river, and there await the arrival of the vessels you 
are good enough to promise me. By this movement, 
captain Mix thinks with me, that I shall hasten my 
arrival at Sackett's Harbor five, possibly ten, days. 
Captain Camp lias a sufficient number of waggons 
to take me thither : I can easily make that place 
by the evening of the 15th. J hope I shall have your 
approbation, and every thing is arranged with bri- 
gadier M'Clure. 

Knowing your wishes respecting the invalids or 
subjects for discharge, and fearing that water trans- 
port might not be had till the season was too far ad- 
vanced for their removal, I have ventured to send 
lieutenant Archer (paymaster of the 20th who was 
left here without orders) on command to Greenbush, 
with 100 men of this description. It was a measure 
approved of by doctor Mann, and I hope not contra- 
ry to your wishes and intentions. Doctor Hugo, 
surgeon's mate of the 14th (also left here without 
orders) accompanied the detachment. The quarter- 
master's department furnished eight waggons on my 

The sick list of the garrison is much i*educed 
since your departure, (I have the honor to enclose 
my report of this morning) and doctor Mann has 
discharged many patients from his hospital : 1 also 
enclose you his last report. Those marked "subjects 
for discharge" are part of the number sent oft" to 

Doctor Mann and captain Camp have concluded 
to remove the general hospital to "the Eleven Mile 
creek," near Buffalo, the barracks at which place 
will be sufficient for the reception of the whole of 
the sick, with some trifling repairs. 

From the morning report enclosed, you will find 794, 
the "total," present of the regulars of this garrison, 
including officers, &c. Transport will be necessary 
for about 850 persons. I wish also to take with me 
four iron 6's, one five and a half inch howitzer, and 
two cassoons, the whole on field carriages. This 
train will form no impediment in my march to the 
mouth of Gennessee river, as I have horses be- 
longing to the regiment sufficient to draw it ,}fi it 

to Sackett*R Harbor by land. 

I have, by working almost night and day, greatly 
improved the defences of this post, and nearly filled 
up the idea of the engineer. I flatter myself that 
I have also improved the garrison in discipline. 

I must apoligise for the haste in which thi<j \z 
written, but captain Mix proposes to sail immedi- 
ately, and I fear to detain him a moment. I think I 
shall certainly be. at the mouth of the Gennessee by 
the 15th inst. 

I have the honor to be, sir, with the highest res- 
pect, your most obedient servant. 

Colonel commanding. 
Major general Wilkinson, command- 
ing, &c. &c. &c. 
Extract of a letter from colonel Winfeld Scott to the se" 
cretary of ivar, dated Georgetown, (~Col.J Dec. 31> 

" At your desire, I have the honor to make the 
following report. 

"I left fort George on the 13th of October last, 
by order of major general Wilkinson with the whole 
of the regular troops of that garrison, and was re- 
lieved by brigadier general MCiure, with a body of 
the New York detached militia. 

" Fort George, as a field work, might be consi- 
dered as complete at that period. It was garnished 
with ten pieces of artillety, (which number might 
easily have been increased from the spare ordnance 
at the opposite fort) with an ample supply of fixed 
ammunition, &c. &c. &c. as the enclosed receipt for 
these articles will exhibit. 

" Fort Niagara, on the 14th October, Was under 
the immediate command of captain Leonard, 1st ar- 
tillery, who, besides his own company, had captain 
Read's of the same regiment, together with such 
of brigadier general M'CIure's brigade as had refu- 
sed to cross the river. Lieutenant colonels Flem- 
ming, Bloom, and Dobbins of the militia,, had suc- 
cessively been in the command of this fort by order 
of the brigadier general, but I think neither of them 
was present at the above period. — Mujor general 
Wilkinson in his order to me for the removal of the 
regular troops on that frontier, excepted the two 
companies of the 1st artillery then at fort Niagara. 
And under the supposition that I should meet water 
transport for my detachment at the mouth; of the 
Gennessee river, I had his orders to take with me 
the whole of the convalescents left in the different 
hospitals by the regiments which had accompanied 
him. This order I complied with." 

Note. — By the arrangements of the war depart- 
ment, brigadier general Porter, of the United 
States' army, was designated for command on the 
Niagara frontier, and particularly for that of fort 
George. In the latter trust, general Wilkinson 
substituted for him colonel Scott, of the 3d regi- 
ment of artillery, with provisional orders to join the 
army at Sackett's Harbor. 


Legislature of Pennsylvania. 

To the senate and house of representatives of the coiik- 
moncuealth of Pennsylvania. 
The bill entitled "an act to regulate banks" was 
presented to me for my approbation on the 9th inst. 
I have given to its consideration all the faculties of my 
mind a"nd the feelings of my heart, and regret to say 
that my conviction of duty to the community will 
not permit to approve of its passage into a law. In 
returning the bill as I do for reconsideration, I 
respectfully refer the legislature to the objections 



transmitted March the 19th, 1813, against the bill 
entitled "an act to establish a general system of 
banking." These objections apply to the present bill 
With additional force, because it comtcmplates the 
establishment of a much greater number of money- 
ccinmg institutions, thus spreading further and 
wider the baleful effects which I cannot but think 
inevitable from such an establishment. In addition 
to the objections on the journals of the last session, 
I will briefly remark that although the system has 
been a year before our fellow-citizens, yet have none 
of them requested that it should become the law of 
the state. And I cannot divest myself of the fear, 
that if it were to become a law, it would tend only 
tp enrich the wealthy and the speculator, while itj 
would in various forms heap burthens on the poor and 
the industrious. 

Permit me to Hazard an opinion that changes of 
law have a great effect on popular government to 
weaken its force by preventing or destroying habits; 
a steady operation gives force to laws and the go- 
vernment acquires dignity and respect in proportion 
to its uniformity of proceeding. This bill I presume 
w.ll produce in society an unhappy effect. It legalises 
the acts of illegal associations and proves the weak- 
ness of the government : — Nay it carries on its face 
a warrant for the infraction of the restrictive provi- 
sion it contains, and in my opinion goes far to en- 
courage the infraction of all law. 

It is a fact well ascertained that immense sums of 
specie have been drawn from the banks in Pennsyl- 
vania, and certain other states, to pay balances for 
British goods, which eastern mercantile cupidity has 
smuggled into the United States. The demand for 
specie has in consequence been, and is still so great 
that the banks in Philadelphia, and in some other 
parts, have stopped discounting any new paper. I 
ask a patriotic legislature — Is this an auspicious era 
to try so vast an experiment ?, shall we increase this 
pressure? shall we indirectly aid our internal and 
external enemies, to destroy our funds and embar- 
rass the government, by the creating of forty-one 
new banks, which must have recourse for specie, to 
that already much exhausted source? Is there at 
this time an intelligent man in Pennsylvania, who 
believes thaUa bank note, of any description, is the 
representative of specie? Is there not just ground 
tor fear. A knowledge that forty-one new banks, 
having a nominal capital of more than seventeen 
millions of dollars, upon the bare payment of one- 
fifth part, shall have the right (the inclination to do 
so cannot be doubted, under the predominant spirit of 
speculation) to throw into circulation an additional 
overwhelming flood of paper, and thus totally to 
destroy the remaining confidence in that medium; 
and will not a hoarding of specie and a ruinous de- 
preciation ot bank notes be the natural consequence 
of such a state of things. 

On the ground of principle generally I may confi- 
dently say that industry is the only permanent source 
of wealth, it secures subsistence and advances our 
interest by slow, yet sure and regular gains, and is 
the best preservative of morals. Not so speculation, 
■which this bill seems to invite. It has the direct 
contrary effect, depending on no fixed principle: it 
opens a field for the exercise of ingenuity, ever on 
the alert to take advantage of the unwary in the 
accidental variations of things. The success of the 
speculator by profession tempts the farmer and me- 
chanic to forsake his accustomed honest pursuits, 
launched on the wild sea of speculation, ever ex- 
posed to deviations from rectitude; his moral prin- 
ciples become weakened, and eventually all sense of 
commutative justice is destroyed. 

Thus impressed, as to the probable consequence 
of the bill, if enacted into a law, I should betray the 
trust reposed in me by my fellow-citizens, if I were to 
approve of its passage. To differ from the represen- 
tatives of the people is painful to me, but to shrinf> 
from a responsibility which I consider myself in 
conscience bound to assume would be criminal. I 
decline stating any objections which may have arisen 
out of the fluctuations of opinion amongst the mem- 
bers of the general assembly during the pendency of 
the bill under consideration, and to refer to them, 
only to show how the hopes and fears of the mem- 
bers themselves were raised and depressed, and, 
their opinions altered, by circumstances which would, 
not at all influence others. The bill is returned for 
reconsideration, under the most perfect convictions 
that my duty to our common constituents, to the 
state, and the union, requires me so to return it„ 
Duly respecting the judgment and motives of the 
legislature, and trusting to their liberality in view- 

ing my conduct, I remain their fellow-citizen, 


Harrisburg, \9ih March, 1814. 

Hariushtjrc, March 22. — Yesterday the house of 
representatives proceeded to reconsider the bank 
bill, and the votes being taken agreeably to the di- 
rections of the constitution;, were as follows: 

Far the bill :— Messrs. Allshouse, B?»n. Bollinger, Burehfield, 
China. Crnm, Dechert, Dickerson, Dingman, Ellmaker, Feger, 
Ferguson, Forster, Graff, Groseh, Hart, f. Hays, S. Hays, Heatoa, 
Herrington, Heston, Hudson, Hyde, Jordan, Kerr, Krebs. Kremer. 
Law, Lawrence, Li^htner, D. Maclay, J. Maclay, W. Marks, G. 
Marx, Maxwell, M'Call, M'Comb, Metzgar, Miller, Millikeii, Jacob 
Mitchell, James Mitchell, James S. Mitchell, Plumer, Potts, Prnncr, 
P. Reed, Reigart, Rinker, Robinette, Rotbrock, Seller, Sergeant., 
Sbindel, Shreve, R. Smith, S. Smith, Souder, Starne, Stevenson, 
Stoy, Wallace, Watson, Weston, Winters, and St. Clair (speaker.) 

Jgaimt the. MlL-^Messrs. Addams, Bond, Brooke, Cartner, Ches- 
ney, Connelly, Courtney, Darlington, Duan<\ Fackenthall, Fry- 
singer, Harris, Hewn, Hindman, Holmes, M' Coy, Murray, Pow- 
ell, J. Reed, Reiff, Rowland, RupertSutherland and Thompson.-24. 

Two-thirds having agreed to pass the bill, it was 
sent, together with the governor's objection, to the 
senate, who immediately proceeded to reconsider; 
and, on the question, shall the bill pass? The ayes 
and noes were as follows : 

AYES. Messrs. Beale, Brady. Burnside, Frailey, Graham, Ha= 
milton, Jarrett, M'Farlane, M' Sherry, Poe, Rahm, Ralston, Ross, 
Shannon, Shearer, Shoemaker, Stroman, Watson, Weaver and 
Worrell*— 20. 

NOES.— Messrs. Baird, Barclay, Biddle, Erwin, Grossj Laird , 
Lowrie, Newbold, Tod and Lane, speaker— 10. 
So the bill passed. 


Congressional Papers. 

Letters from the secretary of ivar to the committee of 

ways and means, in relation to the number of militia... 

called into public service in 1813. 

War Department, Feb. 10, 1814. 

Sir — In answer to your note of the 3d inst. Ihavei 
the honor to state : 

1st. that the aggregate strength of the army on 
the 17th day of Jan. 1814 was 33,822. 

This amount will necessarily be lessened by the 
expiration, within the year, of the terms of service! 
of part of the troops. It will also be increased by I 
recruits. What the average amount of this aggre-l 
gate will be during the year (which I understand! 
will be the question proposed) can but be conjectur- 
ed. It is to be hoped that the new inducements tol 
enlistment will complete the establishment by the | 
1st day of June. 

2d. That the amount of regular troops in Februa- 
ry, 1813, was 18,945; in June 27,609; and in De-I 
ccmber, 34,325. ' 

3d. The aggregate amount of volunteers, during 
the year 1813, was -6000: - ■-> *•"••• »j| 



4th. The discretionary authority given to general 
officers commanding' districts to call out militia, and 
that employed by governors of* states, in cases of 
actual and menaced invasion, make it impossible to 
offer a more accurate estimate of the militia in ac- 
tual service during the year 1813, than that reported, 
and herewith enclosed from the paymaster of the 

With great respect, I have the honor to be, sir, 
your most obedient servant, 

Hon. Mr. Eppes, chairman of the 

committee of ways- and means. 
The pay-master of the arftiy having had referred to 

him so much of the letter of the chairman of the 
I committee of ways and means of the 3d inst. as 

relates to the number of militia who were in the 

actual service of the United States during the year 

1813, lias the honor to 

That it is out of his power, from the documents 
in the office of the paymaster of the army, to an- 
swer that question with that degree of precision 
which is desirable, because no actual returns of 
those militia, have, as yet, been transmitted to the 
office ; and that this information can only be obtain- 
ed in the office by a resort to all the district and re- 
gimental paymasters* accounts when they shall have 
been rendered and the payments completed. 

Although the paymaster of the army cannot say 
with precision at this morrien f , the actual number 
of the militia in the service of the United States, 
during the year 1813, yet, from the best informa- 
tion he can resort to at this moment, it will be 
safe to estimate the number in the service of the 
United States, during the year 1813, at 30,000 men 
including officers. ROBERT BRENT, 

Paymaster U. S. array. 
Thehon. the secretary of war, 

War department, Feb. 10, 1814. 

Sir — Agreeably to your request, that I would 
designate the several heads in the general estimate 
for the military service, for the present year, from 
which deductions may be made to provide for the 
additional bounties and premiums authorised by the 
act of Jan. 27, 1814; I have the honor to state, that 
in the event of its being determined by tlie honora- 
ble committee of ways and means to provide for 
such appropriation in that way, it will be most con- 
venient to make the deduction as follows, viz : 
From the quarter master's department $500,000 
ordnance department, 300,000 

fortifications, 100,000 

Indian department, 700,000 

contingencies, 300,000 

Amounting to #2,000,OOo 
Which, with the sum of $540,000, included in 
the general estimate, on that account, will afford 
the necessary appropriation for bounties and premi- 
ums, $2,540,000. 

With great respect, I have the honor to be, sir, 
your most obedient servant, 

ffon. Mr, Eppes, chairman of the 
committee of ways and means. 

Russian Statistics. 

From, the St. Petersburg Calender for the year 1811. 
"In the year 1809, the births in St. Petersburg 
were 3952 beys and 3704 girls, a total of 7656 
children; 156 fewer than were born in the preced_ 
ing yeau, 0,f these, 731 were iUegitimate, 39 slilj 

born, and 9 were found exposed ; the illegitimate 
constitute from 1-llth to 110th of the whole, and 
exceed those of 1808 by 58. The deaths amounted 
to 6130 males and 3428 females, a total of 955,8 
persons; being 4946 or about 1 -3d less than in the 
preceding, and only 1902 or about l-4th more than 
were bom. Of these 55 died in consequence of 
wounds, and 461 from every other casuality, viz. 
116 were drowned, 21 committed suicide — of these 
13 hanged themselves, 6 cut their thro.'tts, and 2 
shot themselves, and 1 female who hanged herself; 
31 from intemperate drinking, 1 \v;,s burnt, 1 from 
the violence done by a horse, and 1 was killed by 
lightning-. The marriages which took place in the 
year 1809 amounted to 1462— of these 1145 were 
between persons who professed the Greek religion, 
267 between Protestants, and 50 of the Roman 
Catholic religion ; being 32 more than took place 
in 1808. Of these 1131 were between young per- 
sons who had nfrt been previously married, 134 be* 
tvveen young men and widows, 108 between widow- 
ers and young women, 7 between widowers and wi- 
dows, 6 between young men and divorced females, 3 
between divorced men and young women, and one 
between a widower and a divorced female. Tlie 
greatest number of births (735, 710, and 690,) oc- 
curred in July, October and January ; the fewest 
(55) happened in September. The greatest number 
of marriages (333) took place as is usual, in Janu- 
ary ; the fewest (10, 20, 33, and 35,) in March, 
June, February and December, and more especial- 
ly on account of the holidays : they took place 
solely amongst persons of the same religion. The 
greatest number died in summer, viz. in July 961, 
in May 943, in June 911 ; the fewest (549) in Octo- 
ber, in September, November and December. Most 
died of cholics (2858) they were for the greater part 
children, below the age of 5 years ; than from in- 
flammatory fevers 1894, of consumption 1807, gen- 
erally between the 20th and 40th years, and 3 
times as many men as women ; from diarrhoea 470, 
from email pox 127, all children ; in child-bed 66 9 
from the venereal disease 16 ; of children below 5 
years of age 3354 died, more than l-3d of the 
whole ; of the age from 20 to 25 years 760, whereof 
539 were males ; from 30 to 35 years 1100, 
whereof 870 were men ; from 40 to 45 years 934« 
whereof 750 were men. The periods mentioned are 
more fatal to males than to females in St. Peters- 
burgh. 127 persons were above 80 years of age, 39 
were above 85 years, 26 above 90 years, 2 men and 
1 woman arrived to the age of 100 years. 

"According to the declaration of the Synod, which 
includes those only who have embraced the Greco- 
Russian religion, there were born in the Russian 
empire, in the year 1808, 703,742 boys, and 630,382 
girls, making a total of 1,334,124 children, or 462 
fewer than in the year 1807, and 12,035 fewer 
than in 1806.-465,552 males died and 426,100 
females, a total of 891,652, or 25,568 more than 
in the year 1807, and 46,140 more than in 1806 — 
331,611 couple were married, there were 42,823 
more marriages than in the year 1807, and 57,833 y 
or a 5th part more than in 1806 ; this great 
increase of the number of marriages is very re- 
markable. The number of births was greater than 
that of the deaths by 442,478 ; the natural increase 
of population was 26,030 fewer than in the year 
1807, ard 58,185 fewer than in 1806. Under the 
age of 5 years 191,300 boys, about 2-5ths died. A- 
mongstthe males, who died (the age of the females 
not being noticed) 77,524 had passed the 60th year, 
39,558 were above 70 years, 14,249 were above 80 
years, 3538 above 90 years, 1658 were ahove 95. 
years, 325 \?ere above 100 years, 157 were above 5$ 5 



years, 75 were above 110 years, 41 were above 115 
years, 17 were abo*e 120 years, 9 were above 125 
years, 2 were above 130 years, and 1 of them arriv- 
ed nearly to the vejjy uncommon age of 160 years." 

Proceedings of Congress, 


Thursday, March 31. — The bill making 1 compensa- 
tion to individuals for private property captured or 
destroyed by the enemy whilst in the service of the 
United States, was read the third time. But on 
motion, laid on the table for further amendment. 

A message was received from the president of the 
United States, which was read and referred to the 
committee of foreign relations. [See last number 
of the Register, page 79.] 

Friday, April 1. — No business done, in consequence 
of the decease of Mr. Dawson,- a member from Vir- 

Saturday, April 2. — The speaker communicated, a 
letter from the secretary of war, enclosing a state- 
ment of contracts made by the war department in 
the year 1813, which was ordered to be printed. 

The speaker communicated also a letter from the 
secretary of the treasury, accompanying a state- 
ment of receipts and expenditures for the year 1812. 

Air, Wilson of Pa. submitted the following resp- 
lutioRS : 

Resolved, That the committee on military affairs 
he requested to enquire into the expediency of a 
provision by law for opening or improving such mi- 
litary routes by land and inland navigation as the 
pi^sident of the United States may find necessary to 
the operations of the war the present year. 

Resolved, That a select committee be appointed 
to enquire into the expediency of a provision by 
law for the progressive improvement of the routes 
of communication by land and inland navigation 
throughout the United States and the territories 
thereof, upon the. principles and general plan con- 
tained in a report by Albert Gallatin, late secretary 
of the treasury, made in the year 1808, in pursuance 
of a resolution of the senate, passed in 1807; to be 
carried into effect as soon as may be practicable and 
expedient after the termination of the war in which 
the United States are now engaged. 

Mr. Wilson supported his motion in a speech of 
considerable length. 

After some remarks by Mr. Troup, the question 
on the first resolution was taken and lost — the se- 
cond was laid on the table. 

Mr. Webster of N. H. moved that the house now 
resolve itself into a committee of the whole house 
on the report of the secretary of state, made at the 
last session, on the repeal of the Berlin and Milan 
<3 cree's, 

The question on Mr. Webster's motion was de- 
cided by yeas and nays in the negative, as follows : 
for the motion 37, against it 73. 

S ; the house refused to take the subject now into 

Mr, Grundy of Ten. submitted the following re- 
solution for consideration s 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to en- 
quire into tiie expediency of establishing a national 
bank ; and that they have leave to report by bill or 

On a motion indefinitely to postpone tiie subject 
bf this resolution, considerable de ate ensued. The 
house adjourned without a decision. 

Monday, April 4. — The unfinished business being 
Postponed with that view — 

Mr Calhoun, from the committee of foreign re- 

lations, to whom was referred the message of the. 
president of Thursday last, made the following re-. 
port : 

The committee of foreign relations, to tvhom -was refer-. ' 
red the message of the president of the 3\st March x 
submits to the house the following 

Taking into consideration the great importance of I 
the measures recommended, the committee think it 
a duty which they owe to the house and the nation* 
to state the grounds on which their report is founded. 
Uniting with the executive in the policy of these 
measures, they wish to explain the reasons which 
have produced that union. 

Of the past it is unnecessary to take a review ; the 
attention of the committee is drawn with more soli- 
citude to the future. 

Previous to the late changes in Europe, the bear-* 
ing of our restrictive measures was for the most 
part confined to our enemies ; the obstruction to our 
commercial intercourse with the friendly powers of 
the world being in a manner insuperable. At pre-, 
sent a prospect exists of an extended commercial 
intercourse with them highly important to both par- 
ties, and which, it may be presumed, they will find 
an equal inserest and disposition to promote. Den- 
mark, all Germany and Holland, heretofore under 
the double restraint of internal regulation and ex- 
ternal blockades and depredations from a commerce 
with the U. States, appears by late events to be libe- 
rated therefrom, 

Like changes equally favorable to the commerce 
of this country appear to be taking place in Italy 
and the more extreme parts of the Mediterranean. 
With respect to Spain and Portugal, in the commerce i 
with whom the United States have great interest, it 
may be expected that commerce may be carried on 
without the aid heretofore afforded to the enemy. — 
Should peace take place between France and her 
enemies, including Great Britain, the commerce of 
the United States with France will fall under thl 
same remarks.. 

The considerations of an internal nature which, 
urge a repeal of these acts, at this time, are not 
less forcible than those, which have been already 
stated. Among those are the following ; The com- 
mittee are persuaded that it will considerably aug- 
ment the public revenue, and thereby maintain the 
public credit ; that it will enhance the price and pro* 
mote the circulation of our produce, in lieu of spe-- 
cie, which has, of late, become so much the object 
of speculations tending to embarrass the government,. 
Mr. C. then, leave being given, reported the fol- 
lowing bill, 

To repeal an act entitled "an act laying an embargo, 
on all ships and vessels in the ports and harbors of 
the United States/' and so much of any act or 
acts as prohibit the importation of goods, wares 
and merchandize of the growth, produce or manu- 
facture of Great Britain or Ireland, or of any of 
the colonies or dependencies thereof, or of any 
place or country in the actual possession of Great 
Britain, and for other purposes. 
Sec. 1. He it enacted, &c. That the act entitled 
"an act laying an embargo on all ships and vessels in 
the ports and harbors of the Lnited States," passed 
on the 17th day of December, 1813, be and the 
same is hereby repealed : Provided, Tlrat all penal- 
fies and forfeitures which have been incurred under 
the said act shall be recovered and distributed, and 
may be mitigated or remitted in like manner as if 
the said act had continued in full force and virtue. 

2. And be it further enacted, That so much ofany 
act or acts as prohibits the importation of goods» I 



Wares or merchandize of the growth, produce or 
manufacture of Great Britain or Ireland, or of any 
of the colonies or dependencies thereof, or of any 
place or country in the actual possession of Great 
Britain, be and the same is hereby repealed ; Pro- 
vided, That all fines, penalties and forfeitures in- 
curred in virtue of the said act or acts, shall be re- 
covered and distributed, and may be mitigated or 
remitted in like manner as if the same had continued 
in full force and virtue. And provided also, That 
nothing herein contained shall be construed to au- 
thorize or permit the importation of goods, wares 
qt merchandizes or of any article the property of or 
belonging at the time of such importation to the 
enemy or enemies of the United States. 

Sec, 3. And be it further enacted, That no foreign 
ship or vessel shall receive a clearance or he permit- 
ted to depart from the United States, whose officers 
and crew shall not consist wholly of the citizens or 
subjects of the country to which such ship or vessel 
shall belong, or of a country in amity with the United 
States ; and no citizen of the United States shall be 
permitted to depart in such ship or vessel, without 
a passport or permission therefor furnished under 
the authority and direction of the president of the 
United States. 

The bill having been twice read, Mr. Calhoun 
made the usual motion to refer it to a committee of 
the whole house 

Mr. Wright of Md. objected to this reference, be- 
cause of the nature of the bill, coupling together 
two subjects which ought to be kept entirely dis 
tinct, and on which there might l?e much difference 
of opinion. He therefore moved that the bill be re- 
committed to the committee who reported it, with 
instructions to report separate bills. 

This motion was overruled by the speaker, the 
motion made by Mr. Calhoun' having preference* ac 
cording to the rules of the house 

gestk>n, withdrew his motion. Before he withdrew 
Mr. M<Kim of Md. suggested the expediency of 
not acting on this subject during the present session 
The message suggested the propriety of extending 
the double duties beyond the termination of the 
war. If a peace were to take place to-morrow, there 
would be time enough to act on this subject before 
they would end. 

This part of the message lies on the table, but 
with the avowed intention of Mr. Ingham, at the 
suggestion of Mr. Lowndes, to move an instruction 
to the secretary of the treasury to report to this 
house a tariff of duties, independently of the mes- 

Mr. Webster of N. H. said, as the house was now 
about to act on the president's message, it was im- 
portant that they should have before them all the 
measures relating to the subject. Me therefore mov- 
ed that the committee of foreign relations be dis- 
charged from the further consideration of the bill 
which came down from the senate some time ago 
for prohibiting the importation of certain descrip- 
tions of woollen goods and spirits distilled from the 
cane, and that it be referred to the committee of the 
whole to whom the two bills just reported had been 

Mr. Gholson of Va. suggested that such a motion 
was wholly unnecessary, as that bill had no relation 
to the bills just referred, and its consideration was 
not at all necessary with a view to a due considera- 
tion of them. 

Mr. Webster adhered to this opinion of the pro- 
priety of giving that bill the course he had proposed. 
Mr Calhoun remarked that that act had been pre- 
dicated on the continuance of the non importation 
system, which, if not repealed, ought certainly to be 
vigorously enforced. It was not necessary that that 
bill should be before the house. If the house should 

The question on referring the bill to a committee J determine against the proposed repeal, it would 

of the whole was decided in the affirmative by a 
large majority. 

Mr. Calhoun then, from the same committee, re- 
ported a bill to prohibit the exportation of gold or 
silver coins or bullion : which was twice read and 
referred to a committee of the whole. 

Mr. C. then observed, that the message embraced 
another subject, which did not appear to the com- 
mittee of foreign jelations to appertain to their pro- 
vince — he meant the continuance of the double du- 
ties. He therefore moved that the committee on 
foreign relations be discharged from the considera- 
tion of so much of the message, and that it be re- 
ferred to the committee of ways and means . 

Mr, Ingham of Pa. having required a division of 
the question, the question on discharging the com- 
mittee of foreign relations from the consideration 
of that part of the message was decided in the affir- 

Mr. Webster of N. H. moved a reference of the 
subject to the committee of the whole to whom the 
two bills just reported had been referred. 

This motion, after some observations from Mr. 
Ingham, was negatived. 

I Mr. Ingham then moved a reference of this part 
of the message to the secretary of the treasury, with 
instructions to report to congress at their next ses- 
sion a general tariff of duties on imported goods, 
wares and merchandize, conformably to existing 
circumstances and the different local interests of va- 
rious parts of the nation. 

To this motion it being objected by Mr. Macon 
and Mr. Pitkin that it would be improper and unu- 
sual to refer to the president's secretary a part of 
his own message ; and Mr. J. yielding to the sug- 

then be a proper subject of consideration ; and he 
pledged himself for the committee, that the com- 
mittee would in such event act promptly in regard 
to it, and press its adoption. 

Mr. Webster's motion was negatived, ayes 49. 

Mr. Desha of Ky. rose to offer a resolution. The 
gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Grundy) in offering 
his motion on Saturday on the subject of a national 
bank, had drawn a gloomy picture of the financial 
affairs of the nation, and asked whether congress 
would adjourn and leave them in this situation. His 
motion looked to such a state of things, and proposed 
to enable the government in such an emergency to 
supply the deficiency. The resolution he then offer- 
ed, was in the following words: 

Resolved, That the committee of ways and 
means be instructed to enquire into the expediency 
of authorising the president of the United States to 
cause to be issued, if he deems it necessary, am 
amount of treasury notes not exceeding fifteen mil- 
lions of dollars, in sums not less than ten nor more 
than one thousand dollars, bearing an interest of six 
per centum per annum, payable quarter yearly, ex- 
cept the first year, and that at the end of the year, 
reimbursable in five years; and also into the expedi- 
ency of laying duties on watches, gold seals, plate ; 
boots, and fine hats, to discharge the interest on 
said notes. 

Mr. Grundy of Ten. said he hoped the resolution 
would be adopted and the subject placed in a pro- 
per train of examination. He was glad to perceive 
that gentlemen were at last impressed with the ne- 
cessity of providing for possible cases. The adop- 
tion of the resolution would answer at least one 
goodpurpos^. If the plan it embraced should be 


*. as " ■ ' • ■ — -• 

discussed and found inefficient, the proposition j Mr. Wright's and Mr. Steuart's motions were 

which he (Mr. G.) had made would meet with a both disagreed to. 

int'-iv f.vorable reception than heretofore. All that The question being stated on Mr. Desha's mo! 

be asked was, that the same liberality should be ex-ition — 

Mr. Eppes of Va. said that the committee of ways 
and means would be happy at any time to receive 
any instructions from the house ; but it was due to 
that committee to state, that the system to be pur- 
sued during the war had been decided on by con- 
gress, before the appointment of the present com- 
mittee of ways and means. It had been decided that 
taxes should be laid sufficient to raise a revenue to 
pay the interest on the old debt and on the new 
debt to be created by loans during the war. It was 
true that, in the report of the secretary of the trea- 
sury at the commencement of the session, it had 
been stated that the revenue of the present year 
would fall short of the necessary amount 750,000 
dollars. It had been shortly afterwards stated to 
the committee, however, that the proceeds of the 
internal revenue would so far exceed the estimated 
amount during the present year as to cover the sup- 
posed deficit ; which intimation had been since for- 
mally confirmed by a letter from the secretary of the 
treasury, which had been recently presented to the 
house. The committee therefore had only to con- 
sider, whether it would be better to take up the ge- 
neral subject of providing the next year's revenue 
at this time, or to leave it until the next session. 
The committee, after considering the unsettled 
state of our foreign relations, the uncertainty of the 
continuance of the war, &c. had thought it altogether 
impossible to decide what amount of taxes would 
be necessary for the ensuing year. It was impossi- 
ble for the committee to decide whether or not the 
restrictive system would be in force during the next 
year — and of course they could present nothing 
more than a mere guess of the amount of revenue 
which it might be actually necessary to raise during 
the ensuing year. It had been therefore thought bet- 
ter to let the subject rest till they could act under- 
standingly, and the means could be proportioned to 
the end. On this view of the subject, they had 
postponed taking it up until the next session of 
congress. Other considerations had an important 
bearing on this determination. All the internal 
taxes being now in operation, it would be improper 
to make a change in them, because any change would 
effect the whole system, and instead of increasing 
the revenue would diminish it. As to the direct tax, 
in several of the states it was fully paid in, whilst 
in others it was now collecling, and of course could 
not be revised or modifiied — and it would be much 
better for congress to take up the whole subject on 
their meeting in the fall. So much for the payment 
of the interest on the loans. But, on the subject of 
treasury notes, a sufficient sum was already autho- 
rised for the service of the present year. For one, 
he had no wish to see paper money introduced as a 
general system ; and whenever it came to that 
question, that we cannot provide for our pecuniary 
wants without establishing a paper money, he was 
for reducing those wants. He did not believe trea- 
sury notes could be circulated to an amount greater 
than our annual revenue, which he estimated at some- 
thing more than eight millions of dollars. The 
amount of treasury notes beyond our revenue must 
be in the nature of paper money, representing no- 
thing and possessing only a nominal value. He 
merely made these observations to justify the course 
of the committee of ways and means, and to shew- 
that they had not been inattentaiive to their duty. 
Mr. Barnett said if the motion now before the 
House had answered no other purpose it had brought 
out information of which he before knew nothing.— 

tended to his proposition as he was willing to ex- 
tend to that of the gentleman from Kentucky. 

Mr. M'Kini said lie should be sorry to deny to the 
gentleman the courtesy of having his resolution re- 
ferred, were it not for one consideration. If the 
gentleman would add to his motion a proposition for 
such further tax as should be necessary to redeem 
the notes when they became due, he should concur 
in his motion. But he asked of the house to take a 
deliberate view of this subject before they referred 
the resolution. In his little experience in the world 
he had found it necessary, when his business was 
small, to be cautious in signing notes; and so ought 
the government to be exceedingly cautious. If there 
was any one point on which government should be 
cautious, it should be its credit — and a regard for 
the credit of the government would not justify the 
issuing of these notes without providing for their 

Mr. Wright said he most cordially concurred 
with the gentleman from Kentucky, whose whole 
soul he knew to be devoted to the best interests of 
his country — as he had proved by his zealous volun- 
tary personal co-operation in the war during the last 
campaign — but he wished to add to his list of taxa- 
ble articles several others which he named, viz: 
lottery prizes, a tax every body would be glad to 
pay;" saddle and carriage horses, certainly articles 
of* luxury; houses and lots in the district of Colum- 
bia, which are now exempt from the direct tax; and 
a continuance of the direct tax on land. 

Mr. Barnett of Geo. was of opinion that manjy 
articles would bear taxation equally as well as those 
which had been proposed; but it would be in the 
power of the committee of ways and means or of 
the house to add any that might be thought proper. 
He was in favwof this proposition. He wished to 
see every possible means taken to enable the govern- 
ment to carry on the war in which we are engaged. 
He was well convinced we had resources enough to 
carry on the war, and that the people would pay 
any thing, and bear taxes of any description to sup- 
port the war. The people possessed patriotism and 
love of country enough to induce them to support 
the rights of the country. 

Mr. Stuart of Md. moved to amend Mr. Wright's 
proposed amendment by including in it "also race 
horses, mares and fillies." 

Mr. Taylor of N. Y. said he regretted to see the 
course this business was now taking. The commit- 
tee of ways and means had not been inattentive to 
the subject embraced in this motion. If they had 
not met the wishes of the house, it would be better 
to send to them a resolution of instruction in a ge- 
neral form, without designating the articles pro- 
posed to be taxed to raise a revenue to defray the 
interest of these treasury notes. On that head, if 
the resolution were so passed, he knew it would be 
grateful to the feeling of the committee to receive 
any representations of individual members on the 
subject of the articles which it would be proper to tax. 
Sir. Wright of Md. said he hoped it would not be 
considered as arrogant in men devoted to the best 
interests of the country, after waiting till the last 
moment of the session without hearing from the 
committee of ways and means on the subject, to 
call their attention to a project for supplying the 
treasury with the necessary funds. The only obsta- 
cle to obtaining loans, was the omission to provide 
the ways and means to pay the interest; and this 
\yas an object worthy the attention of the house. 



He was one of those who was for prosecuting- the 
war at any cost; and he would rather see further 
taxes resorted to than some other plans which ha<l 
been suggested for raising- a revenue. He believed 
that there were some schemes before the house, 
which had their origin in an impression that the loan 
would not be obtained without their adoption. A 
proposition to establish a National Bank had been 
supported on the ground that funds were wanting 
to support the war ; which same ground had also 
been assigned for the passage of the bill to repeal 
the embargo. But now the House were told there 
was revenue enough, and that all was well. If so, 
Mr. B. said he was satisfied-: and if" th . committee 
of Ways and Means would tell the House there was 
no occasion for it, he would vote against this and e- 
very similar proposition ; and he hoped to hear no 
more of these schemes for raising revenue. He was 
sorry to hear one observation from the gentleman a- 
bout reducing the wants of the country ; which he 
could not construe in any other meaning than that of 
giving up our rights and making a dishonorable 
peace. He would resort to any thing rather than that. 
Mr. Eppes said, in reply to Mr. B. that his conduct 
in this house and elsewhere would prove that he 
was as much disposed to support the war as any 
gentleman, and felt as little disposition to surrender 
the rights of his country. But, jn regard to the 
Treasury notes, they must depreciate whenever there 
was not a known fund sufficient for their redemption, 
&c. As to the restrictive system, which had been 
hinted at, he was attached to it ; but when a question 
was presented to his mind, whether he would remove 
that system or issue paper money ; he would not he- 
sitate. When paper money is resorted to, theve 
must soon be an end of all measures requiring money 
%o support them. 

Mr. Grundy of Tenn. explained what he had said 
of a national bank, as connected with the loan for the 
present year, differently from the idea Mr. Desha and 
Mr. Barnett appeared to entertain of it. 

Mr. Desha said he had not expected this motion 
would meet with so warm an opposition , which he 
had predicated on the doubts which had been ex- 
pressed of the practicability of obtaining the loan. 
As to the remarks on the danger of issuing treasu- 
ry notes, he apprehended no difficulty on that score: 
he had collected in the resolution several articles of 
extravagance and luxury which would well bear 
taxation, to defray the interest of the treasury notes, 
which, if issued under this regulation would be in 
no danger of depreciation. They were not to be 
redeemable in less than five years ; and, the govern- 
ment, being bound to redeem them, would before 
that time provide a fund for redeeming them. As 
to a paper money system, he certainly viewed it as 
a great evil; but what difference was there be- 
tween that and bank paper ? Both were paper mo- 
ney. Treasury notes would circulate ay freely at 
least as bank paper, because bearing interest. The 
credit of the nation was not so bad but that the 
farmers and others who wished to lay up money 
would give a preference to the treasury notes over 
any other money. As to the proposed bank, he in 
common with many others entertained constitution- 
al scruples ; in regard to treasury notes no such 
difficulty attended them. The first object with 
every friend to his country must be the prosecution 
of the war; and with a view to that object he had 
made this motion. 

! , Mr. Fisk,6fN. Y. opposed even sending this pro- 
position tb a committee for enquiry, because it 
would produce an impression that this house was 
Satisfied there might be a necessity of adding fifteen 

proposed to be issued. Such a measure would 
spread a general alarm at the prospect of such a 
muss of paper money being thrown into circulation. 
Without more cogent reasons than he had heard, 
Mr. F. said, he hoped the house would not tamper 
with such dangerous experiments. 

Mr. Alston, of N. C. .said he was opposed to this 
resolution, not because he was opposed to the prin- 
ciple of it, but because the committee of ways and 
means already have power to act on this subject. 
For his part, he had been favorable to this scheme , 
but could not find a second in the committee of 
ways and means on the subject. He was satisfied 
what would be the result of the enquiry if it were 
submitted to that committee, and therefore should 
vote against it; though if the gentleman would 
change it so as to make the resolution imperative 
on the committee of ways and means to report a 
bill on the subject, he would vote for it. 

The question on the adoption of Mr. Desha's 
motion was then decided by the following vote : 

YEAS.— Messrs. Bind, Bnrnett, Bowen, Caldwell, Cliappell. Con- 
diet, Conard, Crawford, Crouch, Desha, Earlc, Evans, Farrow* 
Franklin, Gourdin, Griffin, Grundy, Hall, Harris, Hawes, Hum- 
phreys, Ingham, Irving, Johnson of Ken. Kerr, Lyle, Macon, Mur 
Rhea of Ten. Sharp, Smith, of Va. Strong, 

ree, Nelson, Newton, 
Ward of N. J. Whitehill, Wilson of Penn."— 37. 

NAYS— Messrs. Alexander, Alston, Anderson, Archer, Baylies, 
of Mass. Bigelow, Boyd, Bradbury, Bracken ridge, Brigham, Brown, 
Butler, Caperton, Calhoun, Champion, Cilley, Clark, Comstook v 
Cox, Cnightou, Culpepper, Cuthbert, Davenport, Davis of Pen. 
Denoyelles, Duval), Ely, Epp;-s, Findley, Fisk of Vt. Fisk of N. Y. 
Forney, Gaston, Geddes, Gholson, Hanson. Hashrouck, Hawkins, 
Howell, Hungerford, Ingersoll, Jackson of R. I. Johnson of Va. 
Kennedy, Kent of N. Y. Kent of Md. Kershaw, Kilbourn, King of 
Mass. King of N. C. Law, Lefferts, Le\vi3, Lovett, Lowndes, M'Kim, 
M'Lean, Miller, Moffitt, Montgomery. Moseley, Markell, Oaklev, 
Ormsby, Parker, Pearson, Picturing, Pickins, Piper, Pitkin, Plea- 
sants, Post. Potter, John Reed, Win. Reed, Rea of Pen. Rieh, 
Ridgely, Ringgold, Ruggles, Sevier, Seybert, ShefFey, Sherwood, 
Shipherd. Smith of N. H. Smith of N. Y. Stanford, Sturges, Tag , 
gart, Tallmadge, Tannehjll, Taylor, Telfair, Thompson, Troup,' 
Udree, Vose, Ward of Mass. Webster, Wheaton, White, Wilcox, 
Wilson of Mass. Winter, Wright, Yancey.— 108. 

So the house determined against the motion. 

[The preceding has been inserted at length to 
shew (and preserve) the views and feelings of con- 
gress on the important concerns now before them. 
It affords us a clue to the report of the committee 
of foreign relations, and makes us believe that to 
raise a revenue is the real cause why the restrictive 
system will be abandoned.] En. Reg. 

The house then resumed the consideration of the 
enquiry into the expediency of establishing a na- 
tional bank, the motion for an indefinite postpone- 
ment being still under consideration. Messrs. Far- 
row, Robertson., and others spoke against the post- 
ponement, and Mr. Hawkins (of Ky.) in favor of it. 
The question on indefinite postponement was decid- 
ed by yeas and nays as follows : 

YEAS.- -Messrs. Alexander, Anderson, Bard, Baylies of Mass. 
Bigelow, Boyd, Bradbury, Breckenridge, Brigham, Caperton, - 
Champion, Cilley, Clark, Crawford, Davenport, Desha, Ely, Eppes, 
Evans, Geddes, Gholson, Goodwyn, Hale, Hall, Hanson, Hawes, 
Hawkins, Howell, Hungerford, Ingersoll, Irving, Johnson, of Vir. 
Johnson of Ken. Kennedy. Kent of N. Y. Kershaw, King of Mass. 
Law, Lewis, Lovett, Lyle,Macon, M'Kim, Miller, Moffitt, Moseley, 
Markpll, Nelson, Newton, Pickering, Pitkin, Pleasants, Post, 
Potter, John Reed, Wm. Reed, Rhea of Ten. Ringgold, Ruggles, 
Sharp, ShefFey, Stanford, Stuart, Sturges, Troup, Vose, Webster, 
Wheaton, Wilcox, Wilson of Mass. Wright— 71. 

NAYS.— Messrs. Alston. Archer, Bamett, Bowen, Bradley, 
Brown, Butler, Caldwell, Calhoun, Chappell, Comstock, Condict. 
Conard, Cox, Creighton, Crouch, Culpepper, Cuthbert, Davis of 
Penn. Denoyelles, Duval, Earle, Farrow, Findley, Fisk of Vt. 
Fisk of N. Y. Forney, Forsyth, Franklin, Gaston, Gourdin, Griffin, 
Grundy, Harris, Hashrouck, Humphreys, Ingham, Jackson of R. I. 
Jackson of Virg. Kent of Md. Kerr, Kilbourn, King of N. C r Lef- 
ferts, Lowndes, M'Lean, Montgomery, Murfree, Oakley, Ormsby 
Parker, Pearson, Pickens, Piper, Rea of Pen. Rich, Ridgely, 
Robertson, Sevier, Sherwood, Shiphtrd. Skinner. Smith, of N. Y. 
Smith of Penn. Smith, of Va. Strong, Taggart, Tallmadge, Tan- 
nehill, Taylor, Telfair, Thompson, Udree, Ward of Mass. Ward 
of N. J. White, Whitehill, Wil^oii, of Penn. Winter, Yancey— 80 

After some time, the resolution offered bv Mr- 

millions of treasury notes to the amount already Grundy was adopted—ayes TO, nays 69. 


Tuesday, April 5. — The following gentlemen com- beiieve that the president has assurance of an a>i 

pose the committee appointed in the house of repre- 
sentatives on the bank question . Messrs. Grundy of 
Ten. Oakley of N.Y.Calhoun of S. C. Gaston of N. 
C. Jackson of Va. Lowndes of S. C. Ward of Mass, 
Ingham of Pa. and Fisk of N. Y. 

After the private bills and business had been dis- 
posed of, Mr. Eppes reported a bill fixing the next 
meeting of congress on the third Monday of Octo- 
ber — laid on the table. 

Mr. Ingham of Pa. with a view to fulfil the inten- 
tion he had avowed during the debate of yesterday, 
moved the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the secretary of the treasury be 
directed to report to congress at their next session a 
general tariff of duties conformably to the existing 
situation of the general and local interests of the 
United States. 

Which after some remarks, &.c was passed. 

The bill to amend the judicial system was indefi- 
nitely postponed. 

The report of the select committee on the peti- 
tion of J. A. Chevallie, agent of Amelie Eugene 
Beaumarchais, was postponed indefinitely. 

Wednesday, April 6. — 'After some other business, 
the house resolvod itself into a committee of the 
whole on the bill to repeal the embargo and non-im- 
portation laws, and to prohibit the exportation of 
specie. Mr. Calhoun supported the bill chiefly on 
the ground of the changes that had taken place in 
Europe, which he argued, ably — saying it would place 
the commercial nations of that continent in the same 
situation with respect to Great Britain that we our- 
selves had been, and become the means of compel- 
ling her to abandon her system of paper blockades, 
&c. He said, it was true wisdom to adapt your 
conduct to circumstances, &c. Mr. Webster fol- 
lowed, and spoke on the same side. Mr. M'lvim 
moved to strike out the second section of the bill 
negatived, ayes 31. Mr. Oakley moved an amend- 
ment that went to do away all penalties incurred un- 
tier the acts proposed to be repealed— lost, ayes 52 
nays 88. 

Mr. Calhoun moved an amendment to the second 
section of the bill, little more than verbal, going to 
include in the repeal so much also of any act or acts 
as prohibit the importation of the products of Bri- 
tish territories in neutral vessels, &c Agreed to. 

Mr. Bradley moved u> strike out the third section 
— lost, after considerable debate— ayes 60, nays 80. 
After some further speaking, the committee rose 
and reported the bill to the house. Mr. Bradley re- 
newed his motionHo strike out the third section : 
but the house adjourned without a decision. 

[From these proceedings there is little room to 
doubt but that the bill will prevail as reported. We 
are pleased, however, to observe that a disposition 
is manifested to support our manufacturers— for the 
proceedings of Thursday, see last page (104.] 


The piiesidenVs messagk, inserted in our last 
number, came so suddenly upon the people that 
hardly one in five of the community could exactly 
understand its whole scope and meaning, at first; 
to which perplexity the ambiguous construction of 
one of the sentences greatly contributed. But in 
the debates and proceedings of congress, the full 
intent is clearly manifested. 

The reasons for this sudden reversion of a favorite 

rangement of differences with Great Britain ; while! 
others impute it to the moral impossibility of pre! 
venting smuggling, (which is draining the country 
of its specie) and to the want of a revenue to meet' 
the interest on the accumulating debt, &c. Wei 
speak of that part that recommends a removal o\\ 
the restrictions upon the, importation of British 
goods ; for, in the present state of Europe, it isl 
pretty generally agreed that the embargo ought tcj 
be raised — and, besides, in defiance of the law, thel 
enemy on the coast is as well supplied by our traitors 
as ever. But we very much fear that the morality 
of the counting-house will render nugatory the pro- 
tection afforded our manufacturers by the assess-l 
ment of double duties* If' these duties are reallyj 
and honestly paid on goods imported, and they can 
then be sold lower than we can manufacture them,j 
the manufacture should be abandoned; but this i<- 
not the case : for the fact is, that we can make many 
important articles as cheap as they can be made in 1 
Europe, if not cheaper. Others, however, in. the in. 
fancy of their manufacture, require sure protection; 
and we apprehend they may be seriously injured by 
means of false oaths and false invoices. Few of our 
regular importers would forswear themselves ; but 
we should have shoals of English and. Scotch agents 
(thoroughly initiated into all the mysteries of busi- 
ness) to whom the verity of an oath is a mere mat-* 
ter of interest or convenience-^- who have been taught, 
by twenty years practice, to swear to any thing "or-^ 
dered." The establishment of a tariff for dry goods, 
and a provision for the ascertainment of the quality, 
might lessen the opportunity for fraud. 

The Manufacturers, &.c. of Baltimore have had 
a meeting in consequence of the late message of the 
president ; they resolved that a petition ought to be 
prepared and presented to congress urging them to 
make effectual regulations to secure the full pay- 
ment of the present rate of duties on imported 
goods, as well to protect the honest importer, as 
to support our manufactories, &c. 

Smuggling.-^ A vessel lately arrived at Savannah 
with a cargo of sugar and coffee,- thirty casks of the 
latter, isomeho-w., had their chief contents metamor 
phosed into Lish linens, threads, &c. to the great 
joy of the custom house officers. Several seizures' 
have also been made at Boston and in its vicinity; 
some of which were valuable. 

ONTARio.-^Numerous bodies of chosen British sea- 
men have proceeded to Kingston to man the enemy's 
fleet. As the force of the hostile squadrons will be 
pretty nearly equal, we look-out for the hardest 
battle that ever was fought on the water. We have 
full faith in the justice of our cause, the skill and 
courage of Chauncey, the gallantry of his officers l 
and men; though we cannot view the prospect with 

Bostoiv jviob.— A certain Mr. Johnson, inspector 
of the revenue, made a seizure of some goods on sus- 
picion that they were smuggled; an account of the 
affair is detailed in his representation to the collec- 
tor, inserted below. This is the second mob that 
has been permitted in the religious town of Boston, 
that modestly said to other places, "stand aside for 
T am more, holy than thou." A little while ago two 
gangs of pious men amused themselves with firing 
great guns and small arms at each other, as has been 
recorded in our "book of the chronicles ;" and now 
the same gentle supporters of order and law, have 
abused an officer of the United States, when in the 
execution of his duty. What would the righteous 
folks of Boston say if we were to call these assem 

policy may be better understood hereafter: somejblies a British "banditti?" Will these incidents. 
are inclined to view it as pointing to peace, and to j teach them chanty for the misfortunes of others? 




i '. 



tfobs are always to be deprecated— but we cannot 
ee that it is more tolerable because it happens in 
Boston than in Baltimore. 

■■Boston, March 25, 1814— Sir— I received infor- 
nation that Jeremiah Wetherly was on the road from 
Canada, with goods which had been introduced into 
he United States contrary to law. I went to take 
)ossession of the same. Some conversation took 
)lace. I told Wetherly I had authority as a custom- 
louse officer to examine his load. He asked me 

shew him my authority, which I did, by reading 

ny commission. His wife got out. Wetherly said 
: had no authority to search his load without a 
warrant, and he would be damtfd if I should. 1 
ixamined it, although Wetherly a number of times 
Pinched me, and forcibly endeavored to prevent me 
from so doing. I found a trunk which contained 
pparently British goods, consisting of broadcloths-, 
iilks, stockinets, shawls, cambrics and files. I asked 
lim if he had any certificates, and he did not pro- 
duce any. I told him if he could produce a cer- 
ificate, I should give up the goods, and he said he 
vould be damn'd if he would show me any, for 
iad no authority to take them, 1 then ordered Mi 
Ford, whom I had called ^n, to assist me to drive 
the team to the custom-house- A number of men, 
Prom fifteen to twenty, followed me, who insulted 
md abused me on the way. 

When I reached the custom-house, a mob assem- 
bled of two or three hundred people, who endea- 
vored to rescue the team, and I was struck a num- 
ber of times, but the load was taken out, and put in 
tne custom-house ; after -which the mob took away 
Ihe team, awd Ford, -who -was hustled, thumped and 
most grossly abused, ivith loud huzzas, which ivere 
continually repeated by the mob, carried about the 
streets with scandalous labels placed on his hat, -while 
he was pelted and outraged in a most horrid manner. 

Last night my house was surrounded by a mob, 
who threatened me, and declared that I should be 
tarred and feathered.— That no officer of the customs 
should live in Cambridgeport, or come here to seize 
goods. — Since I left home this morning to come into 
town, I have received, by a messenger, information I patriotism 

a Baltimore printer, if he had stated in his paper: 
that "gentlemen? 3 had pulled down a certain house in 
this city ? — Tohn Bull's whole vocabulary of hard 
names about France and French influence "and the 
like," would have been heaped upon him like 
"Peli-on on Ossa." Yet, is it worse to pull down a 
house than a man, in the legal exercise of an impor- 
tant office ? Let civilians answer the question.— 
That blood was not spilt was to be attributed only 
to the forbearance of the officer ; we are glad that 
Boston avoided that reproach though she has no* 
merit for it. 

The ringleaders of the mob, captain John Roul- 
stone, captain Daniel Paul, major Charles Curtis, 
and several other "gentlemen" were arrested and 
carried before the legal authority, where tl>ey will 
be dealt with according to their deserts. The ma* 
lignity of the smugglers has, perhaps, ruined John" 
son, if the friends of order and law have not step* 
ped forward. They had him arrested for highway 
robbery; and for some debts that he owed, the time 
was chosen while he was in custody for this offence* 
to seize his goods by attachment. 

It is the duty of every honest and honorable man 
to resist and put down a spirit for mobbing, and the 
less clamor that is made about it the better. — 
We should not have noticed this transaction, but 
that it might stand as a monument for those to look:, 
at whom it concerns; and to give the blush to broads- 
faced hypocricy. 

Public gratitude. — A splendid public dinner wa£ 
given to com. Iiodgers, at Barney's inn, Baltimore, 
on Thursday last. The company was numerous and 
of the first respectability. The mayor presided, as- 
sisted by major M'Kim, and N. Williams, Esq.— 
The toasts were eminently patriotic. The follow* 

ng, having peculiar reference to the occasion, are 
inserted : 

Our commanders who have gained new honors to iheiP 
nation— Successful or who deserved success — May 
the deed and the endeavor meet a cheerful gratitude* 

By commodore Rodgers — The citizens of Baltimore, 
as conspicuous for hospitality as for enterprize and 

that Ford had been taken up on complaint of said 
Weatherly, for highway robbery, aud that a warrant 
had been issued for my arrest. 

'He-stry A. S. Dearborn, Collector 

District Boston and Charlestown." 

Having felt the evils resulting from the prostra- 
tion of order and law in Baltimore, with all the sen- 
sibility that the mournful occasion required, while 
we felt a just indignation at the horrid spirit of 
party that seized the occasion for its vile purposes, 
and added a thousand ideal horrors to those that had 
actually existed, by the circulation of the most wick- 
ed falshoods that ever disgraced the English press— 
and when we recollect that the orderly folks of Bos- 
ton, in common with many other places, held a tozon 
neeting to denounce the "Baltimore mob," we cannot 
refrain from asking, where is now that sanctity they 

Speaking of this outrageous affair, a writer in the 
Boston Gazette, says, "The people appeared restless, 
and the writer observed that a number of GENTLE- 
MEN appeared disposed to hustle ; and although 
tliis renowned champion of the custom-house retreated 
with all dispatch possible, the writer verily believes,, 
he did not get wholly clear from the blows of some of 
the sticks that were nimbly exercised at this time ; in 
his retreat he appeared to fall, and dropped one of 
his pistols from his pocket. He, however, made 
good his retreat to the custom-house." 

Now what would the Boston Gazet'e have said of 

After the commodore had retired, 

By the president — Commodore RodgeIis, hated send. 
feared by the enemy— revered and beloved by his 

Com. Robbers.— In this veteran's account of his 
late cruise, his having fallen in with a British vessel 
made a cartel by two French frigates to convey 
prisoners to Barbadoes, is mentifned, which he per- 
mitted to pass. This vessel has arrived at her place 
of destination, and the master reports that he was 
detained a considerable time by the commodore, on 
the ground that the British government had disa- 
vowed the neutrality of cartels, &c. Observing that 
he should feel justified in destroying the vessel and 
in taking all the prisoners on board the President. 
But he, finally, permitted them to proceed, after 
offering to supply them with every thing they stood 
in need of, and delivering to the master of the cartel 
the following letter : 

"U. S. frigate President, at sea, January 6. 
"Sir — The ship Prince George under your com- 
mand, having been captured by two French ships of 
war,, and by them made a cartel for the conveyance 
of prisoners, to the West-Indies, is hereby permitted 
to proceed. The conduct of the British government 
iri several instances and more particularly in the 
case of the duke of Montrose Packet, captured by 
the ship under my command and sent to England as 
a cartel for the conveyance of prisoners ol war during 
the last year, would have justified me in deta^ring 
the Prince GeOrge. As an example, howtver, oAk 



The national guards of Pans are reported to a- 
mount to 100,000 men, well equipped, for local pur- 

The British and the Spaniards do not appear on 
the best terms. The jealousy of the latter, no longer 
feeling the immediate necessity of British garrisons, 
Sec, has induced lord Wellington to withdraw his 
troops for Cadiz and Carthagena. 

Q3Tn page 72 we stated that ./View Jei*$ey had 
passed a law to vest in trustees the estates, &c. of 
drunkards and gamblers. It appears that no such 
law was passed. 

From late London papers. — The duke of York re- 
covers his Bishoprick of Osnaburg, by the re-posses- 
sion of our Hanoverian dominions; the revenues of 
which before the war, amounted to 50,000/. per an- 

The pay of an English field marshal has lately 
been raised from 9/. 9s. 6d. per day to 16/. 8s. 9d. 
making about 6000/. per annum. 

A shower of stones, from a thunder cloud, fell on 
the lOdi ult. at Adair, in Limerick — several of them 
weighed from 3 to 4 pounds — they were black on 
the outside, extremely heavy, and much burnt — 
when broken they are of a dingy grey. 

Algiers. There are about ten of our countrymen 
impressed and detained by the~ilhchristian Algekines. 
it appears, however, that they are not compelled to 
iight ; that they have a free communication with 
their friends, and are happily supplied with many 
of the comforts and conveniences of life, through 
the liberality of their fellow citizens. The officers 
reside with the Swedish consul. 

The "magnanimity" of those who prate about the 
integrity of . kingdoms; and the "balance- of power" 
s seen in the late proceedings of the allies in respect 
to gallant and much abused Denmark. They have 
despoiled her of Norway — for Pomerania, in ex- 
change for that country, was only adding insult to 
injury. In comparative importance it stands to jYor- 
-way as 1 is to 10. 



Thursday April, 7- — After many propositions 

NAYS— Messrs. Alexander, Bard, Barnett* Buti 
ler, Caldwell, Clopton, CGnard,Crawford,Donoyellesi 
Desha, Earle, Franklin, Hall, Hawes, Hawkins, Ing- 
ham, Irwin, Johnson of Ky. Lyle, Macon, M'Kim* 
M'Lean, Moore, Murfree, Nelson, Newton, Ormsby 
Parker, Potter, Wm. Reed, Roane,Strong, Tannehilljj 
Troup, Whitehill, Wilson of Penn. Yancey. — 37\ 

So the bill was passed and sent to the senate for 



amend the bill reported by the committee of foreign 
relations, to remove the embargo, &c. all which 
were negatived, it was ordered to a third reading, 
and passed by the following vote: 

YEAS. — Messrs. Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bay- 
lies of Mass. Befall, Bigelow, Bowen, Boyd, Brad- 
bury, Breckenridge, Brigham, Brown, Caperton, 
Calhoun, Champion, Chappell, Cilley, Clark, Corn- 
stock, Condict, Cooper, Cox, Creigliton, Crouch, 
Culpepper, Cuthbert, Davenport, Davis of Penn. 
Duval 1, Ely, Eppes, Evans, Farrow, Findley, Fisk 
of X. Y. Forney, Forsyth, Gaston, Geddes, Gholson, 
Goodwyn, Gourdih, Grosvenpr, Hale, Harris, Ilas- 
brouck, Howell, Humphreys, Hungerford, lngersoll, 
Irving, Jackson of Rhode-Island, Jackson of Virg. 
Kennedy, Kent of New-York, Kent of Md. Kerr, 
Kershaw, Kilbourn, King of Mass. King of N. C. Law, 

Lefferts, Lewis, Lovett, Lowndes, Miller, MofKt, I twenty-six' years (if age. All the boats of the ship 
Montgomery, Mosely, Markell, Oakley, Pearson, attended, and his sentence was afterwards read 01 
Pickering, Pickens, Piper, Pitkin, Pleasants, Post, board every ship at the port. His body was interred 
John Reed, Rea, of Penn. Rhea, of Ten, Rich, a t Heslar hospital 
Ridgeiy, Ringgold, Robertson, Ruggles, Sevier, 
Seybert, Sharp, Sheffey, Sherwood, Shipherd, Skin- 
ner, Smith, of N. H. Smith, of IS T . Y. Smith, of Va. 
•Stanford, Stuart, Sturge.s, Taggart, Tallmadge, 
Taylor, Telfair, Thompson, Udree, Yose, Ward of 
Mats, Ward of N. J. Wheaton, White, Wilcox, 
Wilson, of Masft, Winter, Wright.— 115. ! 

William Perm's Deed, 


This indenture ivitnesseth, that — We Packenali^ 
Jarckhan Sikals, Partquesott, Jervis Essepenaukj 
Felktroy, Hekellappan Econus, Machloha Mettli- 
conga, Wissa Powey, Indiari Kings, Sachemakers,' 
right owner's of all lands, from Quing Quingus, call- 
ed Duck Creek, unto upland called Chester C/eek, 
all along by the west side of Delaware River, and so 
between the said creeks backwards as far as a man 
can ride in two days with a horse, for and in consi- 
deration of these following goods to lis in hand paid! 
and secured to be paid by William Penn, proprieta-j 
tary and governor of the province of Pennsylvania! 
and territories thereof, viz : 20 guns— "-20 fathoms | 
matchcoat — 20 fathoms stroud water — 20 blankets — 
20 kettles— 20 lbs. powder— 100 bars of lead— 40 
Tomakawks — 100 knives — 40 pair of stockings — 1 
barrel of beer — 20 pounds of red lead — 100 fathom 
of wampum — 30 glass bottles— 30 pewter spoons— 
100 awl blades — 300 tobacco pipes — 100 hands of 
tobvicco — 20 tobacco tongs— 20 steels — 300 flints — 
30 pair of scissors — 30 combs — 60 looking glassess 
— 200 needles — 1 skipple of salt — 30 pounds of su 
gar— 5 gallons of Molasses — 20 tobacco boxes — 10C 
Jews harps — 20 hoes — 30 gimblets — 30 wooder 
screw boxes — 100 string of beads — Do hereby ac 
knowledge, &c. Given under our hand, &c. at New 
Castle, 2d day df the eightu month; 1685. 

The above is a true copy from a copy taken from 
the original, by Ephraim Morton, now living inWash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania, formerly a clerk in the 
land office, which copy he gave to Wm. Hutton, and 
from which the above was taken in Little York, this 
7th of December, 1813. A. M'C. 

Execution — Portsmouth^ E. Dee. 17. — On Thurs 
day, Joseph Warburton, late seamen of his majesty's! 
ship JEolus, who ran away with that ship's prize 
and was afterwards found among the crew of th< 
American frigate Chesapeake, was executed, in pur< 
suance of his sentence, on board his majesty's shinp 
Prince, at Spithead. He had been brought to a sensefl 
of his crime, acknowledged the propriety of the' 
sentence that awaited him, and warned five otheil 
British seamen, who were also taken in the Chesal 
peake, and are now on board the Prince, never to 'bq 
wanting in feelings of fidelity to their king and counj 
try, should the clemency of their king and countnl 
be extended to them. He behaved with great firmi 
ness, though lie was far from betraying any insensu 
bility to his awful state. He was attended by the revl 
j Mr. Jones, chaplain of the Prince, and was aboujl 

$1r=» The Supplement to the 5th volume wi 
be ready for delivery two rveeks hence. Thos\ 
7vho have paid for it, or desire to have it,wl 
please to recollect that that volume mustnotb\ 
bound unlilit is received. 


No. 7 OF VOL. VI.] 

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, Apiul 16, 1814 

[WHOLK NO. 1. 

ILec olim mevilnisse juvabit. — VntGit. 

printed and published by H. Niles, South-St. next door to the Merchants' Coffee House, at $ 5 per annum. 

Finances of the United States. 

Letter from the secretary of the treasury to the chair- 
man of the committee of ivays and means. 

Treasury department, March 28, 1814. 
Sm — I have had the honor to receive your letter 
of the inst; an earlier answer to which has been 
prevented by the constant pressure of current busi- 
ness in the office. 

On the subject of a deficiency of 700,000 dollars 
in the estimated receipts of the treasury during the 
present year, as stated in the annual report made 
from this department at the commencement of the 
present session of congress, and in relation to the 
enquiry whether those receipts will not be more 
considerable than was then estimated, or whether, 
with a view to that object, it is necessary at the pre- 
sent time to provide additional revenue, I have the 
honor to submit the following statements and re- 

In that report the receipts during the present year 
were estimated as follows, viz:^ 
1. Customs. On account of bonds outstanding on 
the 1st of January, 1814. 5,500,000 
On account of duties ac- 
cruing during the year 
1814, and which will be- 
come payable during the 
same year, 500,000 

2. Sales of public lands 

3. Internal revenues and direct tax 




Increased receipts are anticipated from some of 
these items on the following- grounds: 

The custom house duties which accrued during 
the year 1813, amounted to about 8,000,000 dollars. 
During the early part of that year the blockade of 
a great part of the coast of the United States by 
■fte enemy was not established, and the embargo 
which was laid on the 17th of December of that year, 
produced no effect in diminishing the duties in the 
custom houses. These circumstances will doubtless 
materially affect the duties during the year 1814. 
but, after making a due allowance for them, it is 
considered safe to estimate the amount of duties 
which will accrue during the year at 2,700,000 dol- 
lars, or one third of the amount which accrued in 
1813. A larger portion of these duties than hereto- 
fore now arises on importations from the West 
Indies, on which the credit allowed by law (being 
three and she months) is much shorter than 
on importations from other parts of the world; and 
a larger portion of the duties, therefore, accru- 
ing during the present year will be payable before 
the termination of it. The amount payable for 
drawbacks, which, during the year 1813, was nearly 
one million of dollars, will, during the year 1814, 
be very small. The expences of collection will also 
be less than during the last year. It is believed.! 

to the treasury before the end of the year, one mil 
lion of dollars. 

From the sales of public lands, the receipt*, ex- 
clusive of those for lands in the Mississippi territo- 
ry, which at present are payable to the state of 
Georgia, may be estimated at the sum stated in the 
annual report, viz: six hundred thousand dollars. 

Since that report was made, seven states have Re- 
sumed and paid their quotas of direct tax,* under 
the act of the 3d of August last. The aggregate 
net amount of the quotas of these states is £> 1,158, 
796 76. The gross quotas of the eleven remaining 
states amount to g 1,636,709 70, of which it is es- 
timated that one half will be collected and paid in- 
to the treasury before the end of the year 1814,, 
making with the quotas already paid, two millions 
of dollars. 

All the internal duties, with the exception of the 
duty on refined sugar, will be more productive than 
was heretofore estimated. The credit allowed for 
the duty on licenses to distillers, will postpone the 
payment into the treasury of a considerable portion 
of that duty, accruing during the present year, be- 
yond the end of the year. But notwithstanding this* 
circumstance, the amount payable on account oi" 
those duties during the year is estimated at one 
million eight hundred thousand dollars; of which, 
about seven hundred thousand dollars have already 
been paid into the treasury. 

The revenue arising from the postage of letters, 
fees on letters patent, and sundry incidental receipts-, 
including arrears of former direct tax and internal 
duties, may be estimated at fifty thousand dollars. 
The receipts on these accounts for several past years 
have averaged more than this sum annually. 

The result of the estimate now given, is for re- 
ceipts during the year 1814— 
From the proceeds of the 

customs, 6,500,000 

Public lands, 600,000 

Direct tax, . 2,000,000 

Internal duties, 1,800,000 

Postage and incidental re- 


Making an aggregate of 10,950,000 

And being 850,000 dollars more than was estimated 
in the annual report from this department, of the 8tli 
of January last. From this view of the subject, it 
is considered, that for the purpose alone of covering 
the deficit of 70^,000 dollars, stated in that report, it 
will not be necessary to provide additional revenue. 
On the subject of changing the duties on domes- 
tic distilled spirits from the capacity of the still to 
the gallon, respecting which you ask such informa- 
tion as the treasury department can furnish, I have 
the honor to observe, that the only practical infor- 
mation this department could be supposed to pos- 
sess on this subject, must be derived either from the 
proceedings under the former laws imposing duties 
on domestic distilled spirits, or from those under the 

therefore, that of the" duties accruing during the present law laying duties on licences to distillers, 
if-esent year, after paying drawbacks and expences Sec. The documents in this office, so far as it has 
'»F collection, there may be estimated as payable in- been nracticabie to examine them, durimr the short 
Vol VI. H 


time allowed for that purpose, furnish no informa- 
tion relative to the proceedings under the former 
laws calculated to throw light on ( he subject. The in- 
formation derived from other sources, tends to shew 
that the difficulties which occured in collecting, 
under those laws, the duties on" the quantity of spi- 
rits distilled, were experienced principally in cases 
of distilleries carried on in the country, or of such 
as were carried on elsewhere on a small scale, in the 
cases of those carried on in cities, towns and villages, 
and particularly such as were on a large scale, the 
difficulties were less considerable. 

By recurring to the laws passed on this subject, 
from 1791, to 1797", (which are sufficiently well 
known to the committee) it appears the option first 
given to country distillers and owners of stills work- 
ed elsewhere, of small capacity, to pay by the gal- 
lon, if preferred, instead of paying by the capacity 
of tbe|>till, was by the act of 3rd March, 1797, abo 
lished, and the duty on the capacity of the still made 
absolute in those cases ; from which it may be in- 
ferred the opinion then prevalent was in favor of the 
latter mode. A duty on the quantity of spirits dis- 
tilled, if the same could, without much evasion of 
the law, be collected, would, it is presumed, be 
more productive than that which it might be deem 
ed proper to impose on the capacity of the still. 

How far tiie progress of improvement, in the coun- 
try generally, or a change of circumstances in other 
repects, may be considered as having removed the 
causes of the difficulties formerly experienced in 
collecting the duty on the quantity of spirits distil- 
led ; or how far it'would be advisable to adopt, to a 
certain extend, the course formerly pursued, and im- 
pose the duty on the quantity distdled, in cases of 
large distilleries generally, and of all those carried 
on in cities, towns and villages, (except perhaps such 
as are on a very small scale) and on the capacity of 
the still, in all other cases, are questions proper for 
the consideration and decision of the committee. — 
The present law laying duties on licences to distil- 
lers, &c has not been in operation a sufficient length 
of time to afford the means of forming such opinion 
on the subject as ought to be relied on. From the 
accounts received in the department of the proceed- 
ings under it, there is reason to believe, as already 
stated in answering another part of your letter, that 
the revenue arising from this branch of internal du- 
ties will exceed the sum at which it has been esti- 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, sir, your 
obedient servant, 

Hon. John IV. Eppes, chairman of the 
committee of -ways and means. 

Public Documents. 


War Office, Feb. 8, 1813. 

Ordered^ That captain Leonard (1st regiment of 
artillery) be arrested, and that his place be supplied 
by captain Armistead, of the same rey iment. 


Adjutant general Clashing. 

Extract of letter from adjutant-general Thomas H. 

Cashing to captain George K. Armistead, dated at 
office, Feb. 8, 1813- 

Sir— "You will please to proceed to Niagara, in 
the state of New York, and relieve captain Natha- 
iiiel Leonard in the command of the company of ar- 
tillerists now at that, post ; which company is to be 

the day on which you receive the command of it; 
and captain Leonard will be instructed to deliver 
the said company to you, with books, papers, cloth- 
ing, and every thing appertaining to it. 

"You will call on major-general Dearborn at Alba- 
ny, and receive his orders." 

Adjutant and inspector-g; .neral's office. 

Washington, Jan. 22, 1814. 
The above is a true copy from the original, as re- 
corded in this office. 

J. B. WALBACH, Adj't Gen. 

Extract of a letter from adjutant -general Thomas H 
Cushing to major-general Henry Dearborn, dated at 
this office, 8th February, 1813. 
"The conduct of captain Leonard at Niagara has 
been represented in a very unfavorable light to the 
secretary of war, who has instructed me to send cap- 
tain George Armistead to relieve him in the com- 
mand of the company at that post, and I have in- 
structed captain Armistead to proceed on his jour- 
ney immediately, and to wait on you for any instruc* 
tions you may think proper to give. Captain Leo- 
nard must not exercise command until his conduct 
has been inquired into." 

Adjutant and inspector-general's office, 

Washington, 22d January, 1314, 

The above is a true copy from the original as re- 
corded in this office. 

J. B. WALBACH, Adj't Gen. 
Extract of a letter to the secretary of -war from major 

George Armistead. Fort M'Henry, January 19, 


"Captain Leonard was not arrested or brought to 
trial during my stay on the frontier ; nor was he ever 
instructed, to my knowledge, to give me the com- 
mand of his company." 

War Department, October 4, 1813. 
Sir — Understanding that the defence of the post 
committed to your charge, may render it proper to. 
destroy the town of Newark, you are hereby direct- 
ed to apprise its inhabitants of this circumstance, 
and to invite them to remove themselves and their 
effects to some place of greater safety, 
lam, &c. 

Brigadier-general M'Clure, or offi- 
cer commanding at fort George, 
Upper Canada. 

General Harrison's orders to general JWClure. 

Head-quarters, Newark, Nov. 15, 1813. 

Dkar sin — Being ordered to return to the west- 
ward you will be pleased to resume the command 
which you received previous to my arrival at this 

The orders which you heretofore have received tv ; H 
govern yon. It will be necessary that you keep a yi- 
gilant eye over the disaffected part of the inhabi- 
tants, and I recommend that you make use of the 
zeal, activity, and local knowledge which colonel 
Wilicocks certainly possesses to counteract the 
machinations of our enemy and ensure the confidence 
of our friends amongst the inhabitants. It will, 
however, I am persuaded, be your wish, as it is your 
duty, to guard the latter as much as possible from 

The volunteers which were lately called out will 
be retained as long as you consider their services ne- 
cessary ; the drafted militia, until further orders are 
eceived from the secretary of war. 

There can be little doubt of its being the inten- 
tion of the enemy to send the greater part of the 
troops which they have at Burlington and York to 
Kingston, and to make York the right of their line. 
They may, however, have a small command at Bur- 

returned and mustered in your name from and after [lington, and those may be so securely posted as to 



Colder them safe from any desultory expedition you 
may set on foot; but it is desirable to have any sup- 
plies which they may have collected in the neighbor- 
hood destroyed ; and should the success below be 
not such as to promise possession of the whole of 
the upper province, may be destroyed. 

Captains Leonard and Reed, or either of them, are 
appointed tojnuster your troops when and where 
you think proper. 

Ill closing this communication, I should not do 
justice to my feelings, if I were not to acknowledge 
the zeal and talents with which you have managed 
your command. Your conduct-appears tome to have 
been extremely judicious and proper throughout, 
and your troops exhibit a state of improvement and 
subordination which is at once honorable to your offi- 
cers and themselves. 

I am, very sincerely, your friend and obedient 

Brigadier-general Geo?-ge M'Clure. 

Fort George, Nov. 17, 1813. 

Dear Sir — Major-general Harrison embarked with 
his troops yesterday on board the fleet destined for 
Sackett's Harbor, leaving the command once more 
in my hands. Owing to continued opposing winds, 
the fleet has not yet gotten out of sight. 

A correspondence which took place between the 
general and myself, copies of which are herewith 
sent, will at once explain to you my views and feel- 
ings relative to the operations proposed to have been 
.•effected on this frontier. I am confident that the ex- 
pressions of regret made by general Harrison are 
equally sincere with mine, though we both acquiesce 
in the necessity which dictated &i* abandonment of 
the projected expedition against Burlington. 

About 400 volunteers have repaired to this post 
under my late call, made in conformity with gene- 
ral Harrison's wishes and request. A few are still 
coming in. I shall take care that they shall not be 
unemployed. I am this moment sending out a de- 
tachment of 200 mounted volunteers, with direc- 
tions to penetrate the enemy's lines as far as practi- 
cable with safety. In the mean time, I am making 
preparations for moving in force against them, unless 
the intelligence expected from this excursion should 
be such as to make it improper. 

Accounts of the enemy's force still vary much. — 
A deserter came in to day who represents their force 
to be 1,500 regulars and 800 indians at Burlington 
and Stony creek. The former I think is magnified. 

It is impossible to form a correct opinion of their 
intended movements. At one time they appear to 
be sending down their stores and detachments of 
troops to York. At this time it is said they are re- 
inforcing, fortifying, and building barracks. 

The term of service of my troops will expire on 
the 9th December. It can hardly be expected that 
many will willingly continue in service a longer time. 
Your excellency will at once see the necessity of 
prompt arrangements being made to supply their 
place, if it be contemplated to retain this garrison. 

I enclose herein my late address, made under the 
sanction of general Harrison. 

I have the honor to be your excellency's obedient 
Jiumble servant, 

GEO. M'CLURE, Brig. Gen. 
His excellency John Armstrong, sec'ry of -war. 

Fort George, November 15, 1813. 
Dear sir — The subject of our conversation this 
morning has occupied my most serious reflections. 
The deadly blow heretofore given to the patriotism 
«f our citizens on this frontier, has prepared them # 
for jnttHmn'g and complaints ; those who are not *j* their preference at' serving vmdec my copamaiad 

their march, have left their homes and their business 
Under great sacrifices, with the moral certainty of 
being brought into actio**. 

The address which I issued under your di- 
rections, and which I am happy to find has met your 
approbation, gives them reason for indulging the ex- 
pectation of service, and they are anxious to drive 
the enemy from their borders forever. 'Die high 
character of general Harrison, combined with these 
circumstances has excited strong interest in the pub- 
lic mind relative to our operations. 

Jn this peculiar situation of affairs, I feel it to be 
due to the gallant volunteers and militia, who are 
assembled and collecting', and to my own reputation, 
most respectfully to solicit, that if it is not incom- 
patible with your instructions and your better judg- 
ment, you will not abandon our projected expedi- 
tion against Burlington heights ; such is the anxious 
wish of the militia, and I have no doubt the soldiers 
under your command are equally, if not more de- 
sirous of the employment. 

My anxiety on the subject, I trust, will excase 
the appearance of any disrepect in making this com- 
munication, which is certainly far from my feelings. 
My confidence in the valor, ability, and prudence 
of general Harrison, will dispose me most cheerfully 
to submit to any arrangements he may be bound to 
make, however great may be my disappointment in 
their result. 

I have the honor to be, with the utmost respect, 
your obedient servant, 

Major general Harrison. 

Head-quarters, Newark, Nov. 15, 1813. 

Dear siti — Your letter to me of this morning has 
been received. I feel most severely the weight of 
the reasons which you urge for the prosecution of 
the intended expedition to Burlington. The disap- 
pointment, however, to the brave and patriotic men, 
who have turned out under the expectation of Serv* 
ing their country effectually in the field at this in= 
clement season, is the most painful circumstance 
attending it, as I am 'well convinced from the infor^ 
mation received tlus morning and last evening that the 
enemy are removing as fast as possible from the head 
of ihe lake to Kingston, which has been left with a 
very small part of the force that was lately there> 
and it is more than probable that should we advance 
in force, the enemy having now none but effective 
men at Burlington, would destroy the stores which 
they have remaining there, and retreat too rapidly 
to be overtaken. There are considerations, howe» 
ver, which would make it extremely desirable to 
make an expedition of force in that quarter, but the 
orders I have received from the secretary of wat 
leave me no alternative. 

Commodore Chauncey is extremely pressing that the 
troops should immediately embark, declaring that the 
navigation at this season to small vessels is very 

dangerous. The force at Sackett's Harbor is -« -. 

The troops at York are all hastening down to Kings- 

Sackett's Harbor may be endangered by even a <?<?- 
lay of a feiv days; and should the troops that are 
here not get down before the lake is frozen, our 
feet may be destroyed for the ivant of their aid. I can- 
not,, therefoi^, take upon myself the responsibility 
oj delaying their going down even a day Will you be 
so good, at a proper time, as to explain the above 
circumstances to the patriots who left their homes 
with the intention of assisting me to drive the ene* 
my far from our borders, and assure them that I shall 
ever recollect with the warmest gratitude, the par- 
tiality they have been pleased to express for me, au4 


I will divert payment to be made to the volunteers 
for rations and forage in coming out. 

Accept my best wishes for your health and hap- 
piness, and believe me sincerely, pour friend, 

General JM' Chtre. 

Extract of a tetter from brigadier-general jll'Clure 
to the secret am of war dated fort George, Novem- 
ber 21, 1813.* 

'My mounted men have returned from the head of 
the lake, having progressed within sight of the ene- 
my's pickets at Stony creek. Colonel Wilcocks, who 
commanded, reports, that from the best informa- 
tion he could collect, the enemy's force consists of 
from twelve to fifteen hundred regulars, and nine 
hundred indian warriors. They have discharged 
their teams, and apparently intend wintering there 
and at Burlington. 

"It would be very desirable to dislodge them from 
their position, but I fear my force is insufficient for 
that object. At this inclement season it might be 
attended with serious consequences to attempt any 
thing more than desultory excursions. The volun- 
teers who have lately come in, must, however, be 
actively employed, or they will return to their homes. 
The drafted militia on this side the Niagara are, per- 
haps, equal to any troops in the United States. 1 
regret that their term of service will expire so soon. 
Permit me to suggest the propriety of offering a 
small bounty to such of them as will volunteer to 
serve a longer time after their present term of ser- 
vice expires ; say for one or two months, or until 
Other troops can be sent on to supply their places. 

"Should I move with my troops towards the head 
of the lake, the greatest advantage I can promise 
myself, will be, to desti'oy some contiguous mills, 
and to bring off a quantity of flour, which is be- 
coming scarce with us.'* 

-Your letter of the 17th 

25th November, 1813. 
Sin — Your letter of the 17th instant has been r< 
ceived,' and I hasten to inform you that a requisition 

sures. The measures which you have adopted to in" 
crease your command on the" Niagara frontier are 
approved by the president. 

"Should the men, whose term of service expires 
in December, withdraw from the frontier, there can 
be no impropriety in continuing the officers who 
compose the court martial, until they discharge that 

"Although there is no law authorising the presi- 
dent to give a bounty to such militia as will remain 
in service after their time expires, still, as it would 
render your force more efficient than a new draft, 
(even if the men could be obtained,) 2 have no hesi- 
tation in recommending that you adopt such further 
measures as wijl ensure the protection of fort George 
and the Niagara frontier, until other means of de- 
fence can be provided. 

"For this purpose the paymasters, serving with 
your troops, may be required to make such payments 
or advances as you shall think proper to order." 
Extract of a letter from brigadier general M'Clure 
(OY. Y. tmiitiaj to the secretary of -a-ar, dated Ni- 
agara, Bec^ 10, 1813. 

" This day found fort George left to he defended 
by only sixty effective regular troops under capt- 
tains Rodgers and Hampton of the 24th regiment of 
United States 3 infantry, and probably forty volun- 
teers. Within the last three days the term of ser- 
vice of the militia has been expiring, and they have 
re^crossed the river almost to a man. Foreseeing 
the defenceless situation in which the fort was left, 
I had authorised some of my active subalterns to 
raise volunteer companies for two months, and offer- 
ed a bounty in addition to the month's pay. It is 
with regret I have to say that this expedient failed 
of producing the desired effect. A very inconsider- 
able number indeed were willing to engage for a 
further term of service, on any conditions. 

" From the most indubitable information, I learn 
that the enemy are advancing in force. This day a 
scouting party of colonel Wilcocks' volunteers came 

for one thousand militia, to take the places of those f C ™ tact Wlth their ^vance at Twelve Mile creek, 
now with you, has been made and will be complied T f ° Ur V n90ne ™ and one kllIed ' one of the formep 
With as promptly as possible by the governor. the y ? ave «P to . the sava S es ' 

You say nothing of the volunteer corps which ge 
neral Porter engaged to raise, and which was long 
since authorised by me. If in this effort, he has 
i'aifed, what are you to expect from militia drafts, 
with their constitutional scruples ? On the other 
hand, should he have succeeded, and should general 
Harrison's opinion of the intentions and movements 
of the enemy be well founded, your force will be 
competent to somewhat more than defence. 

The general was not under orders to quit the Nia- 
gara frontier at any particular time. His movement, 
in this respect, was matter' of arrangement with 
commodore Chauncey, and this was necessarily sub- 
ject to considerations arising from weather and 

In the application of your present force, and in the 
means you take to enlarge and continue it through- 
out the winter, you will be guided by the orders 
received from the commanding general, at the time 
he left you, and by such others as he may give to 
you hereafter. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, vour obedient servant, 
Jirigndier -general JWClnre. 

Wxtract "f a letter from JVfr. Parker, 0. C. of the 

-war department ', to general M i Clure, dated war 

office, JYov.27, 1813. 

"Jn the absence of the secretary of war, T have 
had the honor to lay before the president your let- 
ters »f the 19th and 2 1st install', with their cnclo- 

This movement deter- 
mined me in calling a council of the principal regu- 
lar and militia officers left at fort George this morn- 
ing. They all accorded in opinion that the fort was 
not tenable with the remnant of force left in it. I, 
in consequence, gave orders for evacuating the fort 
since dusk, and with but three boats have brought 
over all the light artillery, and most of the arms, 
equippage, ammunition, &c. and shall doubtless 
have time to dispose of the heavy cannon before the 
enemy makes his appearance. The village of New- 
ark is now in flames— the few remaining inhabitants 
in it, having been noticed of our intention, were en- 
abled to remove their property. The houses were 
generally vacant long before. This step has not been 
taken without counsel, and is in conformity with the', 
views of your excellency, disclosed to me in a former 

" The enemy are now completely shut ©ut from 
any hopes or means of wintering in the vicinity of fort 
George. It is truly mortifying to me that a part of 
the militia at least could not have been prevailed on 
to continue in service for a longer term; but the cir- 
cumstance of their having to live in tents at this in- 
clement season, added to that of the paymaster's 
coming on only prepared to furnish them With one 
out of three months' pay, has had all the bad effects 
than can be imagined. The best and most subordi 
nate militia that have yet been on this frontier, find 
ing that their wages were not ready for them, be 
came with some meritoriousjexceptions, a disaffect- 
ed and ungovernable multitude. 


(C December 11. I have this moment received a 
communication from the governor of this state, co- 
vering a requisition on major-general Hall for 1,000 
men. It is probable that not more than six or seven 
hundred will rendezvous on this frontier, which will, 
in my humble opinion, be not more than competent 
to its proper protection, as some will have to be 
Stationed at Black Rock, Schlosser, and Lewistown. 

"I have written to general P. B. Porter, desiring 
him to employ the Indians for the protection of Buf- 
falo until the detachment arrives. Our shipping is 
in danger. No exertion will be wanting, within 
the pale of our limited means, to afford the protec- 
tion contemplated." 

Letter from the secretary of rear to major Lee, of the 
16th regiment of infantry, deputy paymaster of the 
army at Utica. 

Sm — You Will immediately take measures to pay 
off the brigade of M'Arthiir (1,300 men,) at fort 
George, and the militia, volunteers, and Indians.vm- 
der general M'Clure. Send an assistant without loss 
of time on this business. 
I am,. Sec. 

Sheldon's, JVW 4/1813. 

Extract of a letter from brigadier gerieral George 
M'Clure to the secretary ofivar, dated head quar- 
ters, Niagara, December 13, 1 813. 
" Since I last had the honor of writing you, the 
enemy has appeared in considerable force on the op- 
posite shore; but having deprived them of a shelter, 
they are marching up to Queenstown, and appear to 
be fortifying on the heights. Several hundred Indi- 
ans have appeared. I have prevailed on lieutenant 
colonel Greaves and about 100 of his regiment of ar- 
tillerists to remain in the service one month longer, 
until the detachment of militia which I have order- 
ed, arrives here. I have directed the colonel, with 
two pieces of artillery, to Lewistown, to open a hot 
shot on Queenston, and deprive them of quarters 
there also. You will observe from, my despatch of 
yesterday, that every building in Newark is reduced 
to ashes. The enemy is much exasperated, and 'will 
make a descent on this frontier, if possible; but I 
shall watch them close with my handful of men, until 
a reinforcement of militia and volunteers arrive, 
when I shall endeavor to repossess myself of fort 
George, and drive them back to Burlington, I am 
not a little apprehensive that the enemy will take 
advantage of the exposed situation of Buffalo and 
our shipping there. My whole effective force on 
this extensive frontier, including the garrison at 
fort Niagara, does not exceed two hundred and fifty 
men. I have sent an express to Mr. Granger, the 
Indian agent, to call out the Indians; an exhibition 
of two or three hundred of them will strike more 

terror in the British than one thousand militia. 

Permit me to observe to you, sir, that it is all im- 
portant that payment should be made punctually to 
the Indians every month, or at the expiration of the 
term they may volunteer for. They are people that 
cannot be made to understand the difficulty of hav- 
ing funds here at all times for that purpose. I would 
beg leave to mention that Mr. Granger has interested 
himself warmly in support of the government, by 
his endeavors to have the Indians join us on every 
occasion, and accompanied me himself on my late 
expedition to the Twenty. 

" This day I start to Buffalo; which place I shall 
make my head quarters. I will reinforce this gar- 
rison as soon as possible. In the mean time nothing 
shall be wanted on my part to promote the views of 
the government, and protect the defenceless inhabi- 
tants of this frontier." 

[Here follows the letter of general M'Clure to 
the secretary at war, dated at Buffalo, Dec. 22, an- 
nouncing the fall of Fort Niagara, &c. see vol. 5, 
page 335.] 

December i5, IB I". 
Abstract of the morning report of the garrison of Fort 

Niagara, commanded by captain Leonard. 
Capt. Leonard's company, total present 74 absent ID 
Capt. Hampton's do. 88 do. 17 

Lieut. Peck's do. 118 do. 9 

Lieut Frederick's do. 44 do. 

Total present 324 absent 45 

Aggregate 369 

- lieutenant and acting adjutant. 
JOHN WILSON, brigade major. 
Extract of a letter from general George M'Clure to 

the secretary of ioar, dated Batavia, 15th Decetru 

ber, 1813. 

" It is a notorious fact, that on the night on which 
fort Niagara was captured, captain Leonard was 
much intoxicated and left the fort about. 11 o'clock, 
P. M. I am assured that he has since given himself 
up ; that he and family are now on the Canadian side 
of the strait. It was not without some reluctance 
that I left him in immediate command of the fort, 
but there was no alternative, as he outranked every 
other officer. His uniform attachment to British; men 
and measures, added to the circumstance of" nis not 
effecting his escape, when in his power, strengthens 
me in a suspicion that there was a secret understand- 
ing with regard to this disgraceful transaction. 

" Permit me to suggest to you, sir, that unless re- 
gular troops are sent to this frontier immediately, 
the enemy will penetrate into the interior of our 
country, and lay waste all before them. The militia 
will do to act with regulars, but not without them. 
In spite of all my exertions to insure subordination, 
my late detachment ultimately proved to be very lit- 
tle better than an infuriated mob. It was not, how- 
ever, the fault of the privates, but of such officers 
as were seeking popularity, and who on that account 
were afraid of enforcing subordination and introdu- 
cing strict discipline. 

"I have collected from the different recruiting 
rendezvouses about one hundred and twenty soldiers, 
and put them under the command of lieutenant 
Riddle of the 15lh U. S. .infantry, an excellent and 
deserving officer. 

tc I cannot conclude this communication without 
reporting the conduct of doctor Cyrenius Chapih, 
(late lieutenant-colonel of volunteers); to him in a , 
great measure, ought all our disasters to be imputed. 
His publications in the .Buffalo Gazette, that ihe 
enemy had abandoned Burlington, I fear had the de- 
sired effect. I. have found him an unprincipled clis- 
organizer. Since dismissing him and his marauding? 
corps, he has been guilty of the most outrage©u* 
acts of mutiny, if not of treason. When I came te 
Buffalo, accompanied only by my suite, he headed a 
mob for the purpose of doing violence to my feelings 
and person ; and, when marching to the Rock at the 
time of an alarm, five or six guns were discharged 
at me by his men ! i" 

Extracts of a letter from general Lewis Cass to the 

secretary of tvar, dated IViUiamsviUe, 1 1 miles east 

of Buffalo, January 12, 1814. 

" I passed this day the ruins of Buffalo. It ex- 
hibits a scene of distress and destruction, such as L 
have never before witnessed. 

"The events whicfi have recently transpired in this 
quarter have been so astonishing and unexpected? 



that T have been induced to make some inquiry into 
their causes and progress j and doubting whether 
you have received any correct information upon the 
subject, I now trouble you with the detail. 

" The fall of Niagara has been owing to the most 
triminal negligence. The force in it was fully compe- 
tent to its defence. The commanding officer, captain 
Leonard, it is confidently said, was at his own house 
three miles from the fort, and all the officers appear 
to have rested in as much security as though no 
enemy was near them. Captain Rodgers and cap- 
tain Hampton, both of the 24th had companies in 
the fort. Both of them were absent from it. Their 
CoHduet ought to be strictly investigated. I am also 
told that ta«jor \Vallate of the 5th was in the fort. 
He escaped and is now :»t Erie. 

" The circumstances attending the destruction of 
Buffalo you will have learned before this reaches 
vou. But the forcr of the enemy has been greatly 
'magnified. From ihemost careful examination I am 
satisfied that not more than six hundred and fifty 
men of regulars, miiitii, and Indians, landed at 
Black Rock. To oopose these we had from two 
thousand five hundred to three thousand militia. All, 
except very few of them, behaved in the most cow- 
ardly manner. They tied without discharging a 
musket. The enemy continued on this side of the 
river till Saturday. "All their movements betrayed 
symptoms of apprehension. A vast quantity of 
property was left in the town uninjured, and the 
Ariel, winch lies four miles above upon the beach is 
Safe. Since the 1st instant they have made no move- 
ment. They continue in the possession of Niagara, 
and will probably retain it, until a force competent 
to its reduction arrives in its vicinity." 
JHere follows the deposition of Robert Lee, inserted 
- in vol V. pag-e 397, which concludes the series.] 

Proceedings of Congress. 


Friday, April 8. — The bill from the house of re- 
presentatives to rapealthe embargo, non-importation, 
&c. was received and read a first time. 

A motion was made by Mr. Anderson, of Tenn. 
that the usual rules of proceeding be dispensed with 
by general consent, and the bill be read a second 
time this day. 

[This course requires, by a rule of the senate, an 
Unanimous consent.] 

Objection was made to this course by Mr. Smith, 
of Md. and afterwards by others, 

Mr. King, of N. Y. .suggested to the gentleman 
the expediency of withdrawing his opposition to 
the course proposed. 

Mr. Smith declined withdrawing his opposition. 

Mr. Horsey and others urged the prompt passage 
of the bill. Mr. Fromentin and others did not see 
"the necessity of deviating from the rides of the se- 
nate. The motion to suspend the rule being with- 
drawn, the bill was passed to its second reading to 
fakt place to-morrow. 

Monday t April 11. — The committee of foreign 
relations reported the bill from the house of repre- 
sentatives for repealing the embargo and non-im- 
pcrtation laws, with amendments, viz. to strike out 
the 3d and 4th sections. [These sections prohibit 
the departure of any American seaman or citizen 
from the ports of the United States;, on board fo- 
reign vessels, without a passport from the secretary 
hi state.] Th;s amendment was agreed to by yeas 
and nays — 

For the amendment 29 

Against it % I 

Mr. Varnum proposed to incorporate a provision 
in the bill so that it should not have effect until the 
1st of May — negatived. 

Mr. Anderson then moved to insert after the clause 
repealing the embargo ; the words "except as much 
thereof as prohibits the exportation of provisions.'* 

After debate, the question on this proposed amend- 
ment was decided as follows : 

For the amendment.— Messrs. Anderson, Chase, Howell, Lacock, 
Roberts, Robinson, Turner, Varnum and Wharton— 9. 

Against the amendment.— Messrs. Bibb of Geo. Bibb, of Ken. 
Brown, Condit, Dagget, Dana, Fromentin, GaillarcJ, German, 
Giles, Gilman, Goldsborough, Gore, Horsey, Hunter, King, Lam- 
bert, Mason, Morrow, Smith, Stone, Tait, Wells, Worthington— 24. 

The question on the bill's passing to a third read- 
ing as amended in striking out the third and fourth 
section as before stated, was then decided as fol- 
lows i 

Far the bill.— Messrs. Anderson, Bibb of Geo. Bibb of Ken, 
Brown, Chase. Condit, Daggett, Dana, Fromentin, Gaillard, Ger- 
man, Giles, Gilman, Goklsbor6ugh, Gore, Horsey, Hunter, King, 
Lambert, Mason, Morrow Roberts, Robinson, Smith, Stone, Tait,' 
Wells, Wharton, Worthington— 29. 

Against the bill— Messrs. Howell, Lacoek, Turner, Varnum— 4. 

So the bill was ordered to a third reading and will 
be read a third time to-morrow. [The bill was read 
the next day and passed by yeas and nay s nearly as 


Thursday, April 7. — The house resumed the con- 
sideration of the bill to remove the embargo, &c. — 
The motion to strike out the 3d section was nega- 
tived, ayes 70, nays 78. Mr. M'Kim moved to 
strike out the second section and supported his mo- 
tion by an able speech, a sketch of which we have 
put upon file. Mr. Calhoun replied, and opposed 
the motion, because the duties to be paid (the goods 
being chiefly received by foreign vessels) would not 
amount to less than fifty per cent, which he thought 
would sufficiently protect the manufacturing inter- 
est. Mr. M'Kjm's motion was lost, by yeas and nays 
as follows ; 

YEAS— Messrs* Bard, Barnett, Caldwell, Clopton, Conard, 
Crawford, Denoytlles, Desha, Evans, Franklin, Griffin, Hall, Has- 
brouck, Hawes, Hawkins, Ingham, Johnson of Ky. Lefterts, Lyle, 
M'Kim, Moore, Nelson, Newton, Ormsby, Parker, Piper, Potter, 
William Reed, Roane, Strong, Troup, Wood, Wright, Yancey— 34. 

NAYS— Messrs. Alexander, Alston, Anderson, Archer, Baylies, 
of Mass. Beall, Bigelow, Bowen, Boyd, Bradbury, Breckenridge, 
Brigham, Brown, Butler, Calhoun, Champion, Chappell, Cilley, 
Clark, Comstock, Condit, Cooper, Cox. Creighton, Crouch, Cul- 
pepper, Cuthbert, Davenport, Davis of Penn. Duvall, Earle, Ely, 
Eppes, Farrow, Findley, Fiskof N. Y.Forney, Forsythe, Gaston, 
Ghohon, Goodwyn, Gourdin, Grosvenor, Grundy, Hale, Harris, 
Howe.lL Humphreys, Hungerford, Ingersoll, Irving, Jackson of 
It. I. Kennedy, Kent of N. Y. Kent of Md. Kerr, Kershaw, Kil- 
hotirn, King of Mass. King of N. C. Law, Lewis, Lovett, Lowndes, 
Macon, Moffit. Murfree, Markell, Oakley, Pearson, Pickering, 
Pickins, Pleasants, Post, John Reed, Rea of Penn. Rhea of Ten. 
Rich, Ridgely, Ringgold, Robertson, Ruggles, Sevier, Seybert, 
Sharp, Sherwood, Shiplierd, Skinner, Smith ol N. H. Smith of 
N. Y. Smith of Penn. Smith of Va, Stanford, Stuart, Sturges, Tag- 
gart. Tallmadge, Taylor, Telfair, Thompson, Vose, Ward of N. 
J. Wlieaton, White, Wilcox, Wilson of Mass. Wilson of Penn. 
Winter— 110. 

Mr. Nelson of Virginia, being opposed to every 
part of the bill, moved to strike out the first section — 
lost ; yeas 22, nays 126 — the yeas were 

Messrs. Bard, Bamett, Caldwell, Clopton, Denoyelles, Desha, 
Earle, Franklin, Hall, Hawkins, Johnson of Ky. Lyle, Macon, 
Nelson, Newton, Ormsby, Parker, Roane, Strong, Troup, White- 
hall, Yancey.— 22. 

The bill was then ordered to be engrossed for a 
third reading 114 to 38, and, being read the third 
time, passed by yeas and nays, as inserted in the 
last number, page 104. 

Friday, April 8. — The house was busily occupied 
in various business, but nothing occurred necessary 
for us to notice at this time except the following.— 

Mr. Grundy of Ten. from the committee to'whom 
was referred the resolution respecting the establish- 
ment of a national bank, moved, under the instruc- 
tion oF the committee, that they be discharged from 
the further consideration of the subject; which 
motion was agreed to. 



Saturday, April 9. —My. M'Kim of Md. presented 
a petition of sundry manufacturers in the city and 
neighborhood of Baltimore, praying- that the reve- 
nue laws may be amended so as to ascertain with 
greater certainty the amount of duties payable on 
importations of goods— and that the importation of 
cotton goods from ports beyond the cape of Godd 
Hope may be prohibited. Referred to the commit- 
tee of commerce and manufactures. 

A bill from the senate authorising the appointment 
of certain officers for the flotilla service, was Bead 
the second time and committed. 

The engrossed bill to extend relief to certain pur- 
chasers of public lands in the Mississippi territory, 
and the engrossed bill to authorise the subdivision 
of the lands of the United States, were reul a third 

time, passe< 

I. and sent to the senate for concurrence. 

bill allowing compensation for horses owned by 
militia or volunteers killed in the service ol the 
United States. 



being amended was ordered to a third 

The house took up the message from the senate 
announcing their agreement to adjourn on Monday 
the 18th inst. which was concurred in. 

Monday, April 11.— Several private petitions, &c. 
were attendedto. 

Tuesday, April 12.— Mr. Lowndes of S. C. from the 
committee of naval affairs, reported a bill authoris- 
ing the purchase of the vessels captured from the 
enemy by our squadron on lake Erie ; which was 
twice read and committed. 

The house passed to a third reading the bill to 
authorise the president to accept the services of 
such volunteers as may organize themselves for the 
public service. 

After much business, the house took up the bill 
to prohibit the exportation of gold and silver coin 
and bullion. Mr. Reed (of Ms.) moved to postpone 
it indefinitely; lost, ayes 43, nays 72. After many 
proposed amendments, which were negatived, one 
to limit the duration of the bill to the end of the 
next session, it was agreed to, and ordered to a 
third reading. 

The several orders of the day, were then post- 
poned to to-morrow *, and 

The house took up the message of the senate an- 
nouncing the passage of the act repealing the em- 

Supreme Court. 

Extract of a letter to the Editor of the Mercantile 
Advertiser, dated Washington March 16. 

"The supreme court of the United States have 
this day closed their session, during whieh they have 
decided many very important points to the com- 
mercial interests of the world. Among the number 
are the following : 

1st. The president's orders to the public and pri- 
vate armed vessels are obligatory on them ; and in 
the estimation of the court sufficient to shield Bri- 
tish, neutral and American property from condem- 
nation, which sailed from England before the 15th 
of September, 1812, and captured by vessels which 
had knowledge of those orders. 

2d. Tr: ding with the enemy, subjects vessel and 
cargo to condemnation: pursuant to this, the St. 
Lawrence and cargo were this day condemned, ex- 
cept the interest of a gentleman in Baltimore to five 
cases of goods, and of Alexander M'Gregor, who 
being on his return to his country, is allowed to 
bring further proof, and will probably save his in- 
terest in that vessel and cargo. 

3d. Ail persons residing in England when war 
was declared, are considered the same as English- 
men, and their property liable to condemnation, if 
captured previous to their putting themselves in 
motion for a residence in another country. 

4th. Vessels having licenses, although bound to or 
from Lisbon or any other friendly port, expressing 
as did Sawyer's and Allen's, "to further the views 
of his Britannic majesty," are with their cargoes li- 
able to condemnation, unless some of the proprier 
tors should establish their ignorance of such license 
accompanying the property, in which case their 
proportion will be restored. No decision on a Sid- 

or not is uncertain — opinions against them. 

5th. Putting a man on board a vessel at sea, and 
leaving him under the command of the former cap- 
tain and crew, does not of itself constitute a capture. 

6th. Captor's, claims have been confirmed, in pre- 
ference to the pretensions of the United States, mi 
der the non-importation law." 

bargo, &c. with amendments (to strike out the 3d j mouth license ; whether it would have the same fate 
and 4th sections.) 

Mr. Calhoun moved that the house do agree Lo the 

This question was decided without debate by 
yeas and nays, as follows : 

For the amendments 68 

Against them 52 

So the bill wants only the signature of the presi- 
dent to become a law. 

Wednesday, April 13.— Mr. Gaston, after a few 
prefatory remarks, offered the following resolution, 
which was agreed to, without a division : 

Resolved, That the president of the United States 
be requested to communicate to this house any in- 
formation in his possession touching our relations 
with France, which in his judgment it is not impro- 
per to disclose. 

Several bills were passed, chiefly private or local; 
also the bill to authorise the president to accept the 
services of volunteer corps. 

The engrossed bill to prohibit the exportation of 
specie was read the third time. Messrs. Pickerijig 
and Pitkin were opposed to the bill, and the latter 
moved its indefinite postponement. This motion 
was seconded by Mr. Grundy, who thought it might 
at least lay over till the next session ; and after some 
remarks by other members the motion prevailed, 
ayes 63, nays 60. 

On motion of Mr. Desha of Kentucky, the house 

Brig. Gen. Tecumseh. 

From Browtfs vietvs of the campaigns of the north 
western army. — His death. 
«* On the left the contest was more serious : Co- 
lonel Johnson, who commanded on that flank of his 
regiment, received a terrible fire from the indiaris, 
which was kept up for some time. The colonel most 
gallantly led the head of his column into the hottest, 
of the enemy's fire, and was personally opposed to 
Tecumseh. At this point a condensed mass of sa- 
vages had collected. Yet, regardless of danger, be 
rushed into the midst of them — so thick were the 
indians at this moment that several might have 
touched him with their rifles. He rode a white horse 
and was known to be an officer of rank— a shower 
of balls was discharged at him— some took effect — 
his horse was shot under him — his clothes, his sad- 
dle, his person was pierced with bullets. At the 
moment his horse fell, Tecumseh rushed towards 
him with an uplifted tomahawk, to give the fatal 

resolved itselfinto a- committee of the whole on the I stroke, but his presence of mind did not forsake him 


in this perilous predicament — he drew a pistol from 
his holsters and laid his daring opponent dead at 
his feet He was unable to do more, the loss of blood 
deprived him ot strength to stand. Fortunately, at 
the moment of Tecumseh's fall the enemy gave way, 
which secured him from the reach of their toma- 
hawks ; he was wounded in five places ; he received 
three shots in the right thigh and two in the left 
arm. Six Americans and twenty-two indians fell 
within twenty yards of the spot w'hdfe Tecumsoh 
was killc-d and the trains of blood almost covered 
the ground.* 

( hah.u tek of xscttmseh. — The celebrated aborigi- 
nal warrior, Tecumseh,* was in the. 44th year of his 
age, when he fell at the battle of the Thames. He 
was of the Shawannce tribe, five feet ten inches high, 
well formed for activity and the endurance of fa- 
tigue, which he was capable of sustaining in a very 
extraordinary degree. His carriage was erect and 
lofty — his motions quick — his eyes penetrating— his 
visage stern, with an air of hauteur in his counte- 
nance, which arose from an elevated pride of soul — 
it did not leave him even in death. His eloquence 
was nervous, Concise, impressive, figurative and sar- 
castic : being of a taciturn habit of speech, his 
words were few but always to the purpose.. His 
dress was plain — he was never known to indulge in 
the gaudy decoration of his person, which is the 
general practice of the indians. He wore on the 
day of his death a dressed deerskin coat and panta 
loons. It is said that he could read and write cor 
rectly; of this however, I am doubtful, as he was 
the irreconcileable enemy to civilization, of course 
would not be apt to relish our arts.f 

He was in every respect a savage, the greatest 
perhaps, since the days of Pontiac. His ruling 
maxim in war, was, to take no prisoners, and he 
strictly adhered to the sanguinary purposes of his 
soul — he neither gave nor accepted quarters. Yet, 
paradoxical as it may seem, to the prisoners made 
by other tribes, he was attentive and humane. Nay, 
in erne instance, he is said to have buried his toma- 
hawk in the head of a Chippeway chief, whom he 
found actively engaged in massacreing some of Dud- 
,Vs men, after they had been made prisoners by the 
British and indians. It had long been a favorite pro- 
ject of this aspiring chief to unite the northern, 
western and southern indians, for the purpose of re- 
gaining their country as far as the Ohio. Whether 
this grand idea originated in his own, or his brother's 
mind, or was suggested by the British, is not known 
— but this much is certain, he cherished the plan 
with enthusiasm, and actually visited the Creek in- 
dians, to prevail on them to join in the undertaking. 
He was always opposed to the sale of the Indian 
lands, li: a council at V-mcennes, in 1810, he was 
found equal to the insidious arts of a diplomatist. 
In one of his speeches he pronounced general Harri- 
son a liar. He has been in almost every battle with 
the Americans from the time of Harmer's defeat to 
that of the Thames. He has been several times 
wounded, and always sought the hottest of the fire. 
A few. minutes before Ik: received the fatal fire of col. 
Johnson, he had received a musket ball in his left 
arm, yet his efforts to conquer ceased only with life. 
When a youth, and before the treaty of Greenville, 
be Kad go often signalized himself, that he was re- 
puted one of the boldest of the indian warriors.-— 
fu ihe first settlement of Kentucky, he was pecu- 

liarly active in seizing boats going down the Ohio, 
killing the passengers, and carrying off their pro"' 
perty. He made frequent incursions into Kentucky* 
where he would invariably murder some of the set" 
tiers and escape with several horses laden with plun" 
der. He always eluded pursuit, and when too close- 
ly pressed would retire to the Wabash. His ruling 
passion seems to have been glory — he was careless of 
Wealth* and although his plunderings and subsidies 
must have amounted to a great sum, he preserved 
Utile for himself. After his fall on the 5th of Octo- 
ber, his person was viewed with great interest by 
the officers and soldiers of Harrison's army. It was 
some time before the identity of his person was 
sufficiently recognized to remove all doubt as to the 
certainty of his death. There was a kind of fero- 
cious pleasure, if I may be allowed the expression, 
in contemplating the contour of his features, which 
was majestic even in death. 

' Pronounced in Shawannce, Teeamthee. There 

;>y words in this language, which have the lin- 

guadeAtal sound of th, such as ChiJicothe,Sciothe,&.c. 

1 1 have just learnt, that he could neither read, 

• nor speak English. 


An armistice is much spoken of in the newspa- 
pers, and many wild conjectures are afloat respecting 
it. The following, we believe, are the facts : Sir 
George Prevost has made an indistinct and not well . 
defined proposition for an armistice, on the side. of 
Canada, and in regard to land operations. Measures 
have been taken clearly to ascertain what he means; 
and it is believed that if the British land and naval 
officers have authority to propose, and will propose 
an armistice, the president will accept it. But there 
will not be an armistice on land, unless there is also 
a cessation of hostilities by water. Some time must 
elapse before the result of the proceedings in re- 
spect to this matter is known. These hints have 
been communicated to the editor in a way that as- 
sures him of their verity. 

Tuk Cartel schooner Chauncey, sailed from New- 
York for Gottenburg, on Sunday last. 

ConRKsrowiJENCE. — From the Philadelphia Ga- 
zette. — "It is said that Mr. Unfits King has lately 
received a letter from sir William Scott, in which 
this distinguished jurist is represented to say, that 
Great Britain, notwithstanding her elevated rank 
and high influence among the nations of the earth, 
is still equally disposed and desirous to meet the' 
United States on terms of perfect reciprocity." 

"SHU equally disposed," he— When did Great _ 
Britain manifest a disposition to meet us on terms 
of "reciprocity; 1 " 

Captain Stewart, of the frigate Constitution,, 
received a public entertainment in Madison Hall, 
from the patriotic citizens of Salem. The officers of 
the frigate were also among the guests. Every thing 
was conducted in an elegant stile. At the head of 
the hall was placed a row of naval pillars, inscribed 
in letters of gold, with the names of our heroes — at 
the foot of the hall was suspended eighteen circles 
of laurel, meeting in the centre, over which appeared 
\the union of the states." Immediately in the front 
of the orchestra, and inclosed by the circles repre- 
senting the states, was a most superb original paint- 
ing of the old philosopher teaching his children 
the difference between breaking one stick singly, 
and a bundle bound together, This piece was from 
the elegant pencil of Miss Crowninshield. The sides 
of the hall were decorated with original paintings of 
our naval victories, encircled with laurel, &c. In 
the evening there was a ball, where beauty united 
Willi manly patriotism to welcome the return of the 
heroes, who did not make the enemy "ours" only 
because they did not "meet" him. The toasts were 



such as our fathers might have drank in '76— The 
president, secretary of the navy, commodore 
Rodgers, and our naval victors, were honorably 
complimented, and the lamented dead, Lawrence, 
Alter., Burrows, Alwyn and Bush, with Pike and 
Covington, were "sweetly" remembered. The fol- 
lowing are inserted as shewing the spirit of the 
occasion — 

The frig-ate Constitution— -The pride and boast of 
our country— whether with her breath of flame she 
consumes the ships of the enemy, or by her skillful 
step eludes his fleets. Siege of Tripoli. 

Our seamen — 

''The curse of our country shall wither the slave, 

"That would barter their rights on the shore or the wave. 

Yankee doodle. 

Our returniug frigates — May every beacon prove a 
harbor, every height a battery, and every house an 
asylum to receive, defend and welcome onr return- 
ing" heroes. "Welcome home again" 

Our flag — May they who have nailed it to the 
mast, never look to it in vain for protection. 

Hail Columbia. 

The army — May it emulate the glory of the navy, 
and be as terrible to the armies of the enemy, as our 
ships are to his fleets. Washington' s march. 

The uftioiz of the states — Patriotism shall stifle the 
wretch that would breath disunion, and blast the 
hands that would sever the bonds of our country. 

Rise Columbia. 

After captain Stewart had retired — 

The scientific commander^ captain Stewart — The 
' same skill that saved one frigate from a squadron, 
will ensure victory when any single ship of the ene- 
my will hazard the combat. 


By captain Stewart. The citizens of Salem—First 
in enterprizes of peace— first in honorable war — 
first in defence of the Constitution. 

By Judge Story. The venerable John Adams — 
Whose first wish was the liberty of his country — 
whose second was the establishment of its navy. 

L.T. M'Call. — The citizens of Charleston, S. C- 
have presented a sword, with a suitable address to 
lieut. M*CaIl (who is a native of that place) for his 
conduct an board the U. S. brig Enierprize when 
she captured the Boxer. 

The northern Indians. — We are really afraid 
that we shall sorely repent of the lenity shewn these 
savage allies of the "defender of the faith" last win- 
ter ; when, if we had suffered them to lie down in 
the bed they had made for themselves, we should 
have suffered little from them hereafter. But this 
consolation remains, that we erred on the side of 

They have committed several murders lately. — 
A letter from the Illinois territory, says, "Much do 
I fear that we shall find that the armistice has had 
the effect of pampering the savages in the winter 
for war in the summer." 
Extract of a letter from col. Anthony Builei\ com- 

manding Michigan territory and its dependencies I 

and the western district of Upper ' 

12th Feb. 1814, to gov. Edwards. 

" The principal object of this letter is to apprise 
you of my having some time since dispatched a small 
but active and confidential detachment to St. Jo- 
seph's, who seized Mr. Bailiy (agent to the Michili- 
mackinac company) and five others with all the Bri- 
tish merchandise in that quarter; and after traver- 
sing with great celerity 600 miles, in going and re- 
turning, lodged with me the prisoners safely, 

Whilst they were at St. Joseph's they discovered 
that Dixon had ascended lake Michigan as high up 
as Green Bay, with five large boats loaded with mer- 

chandise for the Indians. From the Green Buy he 
ascended the Fox river to a certain point where the 
goods were landed, and he procured pack horses and 
penetrated into the interior, exciting the Fajs, A voirs 
and Winnebagoes as he went on, by speeches and 
presents, to be ready for war Emu varies are senl 
to the Kickapoos for the same purpose, and each 
are promised that the Sacs and Sioux shall unite 
with them. A Fals Avoir Indian has been with me 
his nation will not engage in the enterprise which 
Dixon meditates; but the Winnebagoes, who art 
restless and turbulent, are assembling and holding 
councils, and will coalesce with any other Indian*) 
or march alone against the point Dixon shall direct. 
who is said to possess as much influence over them 
as he does over the Sioux. It is not supposed that 
he intends an expedition against this territory, but 
rather that he will attack your territory, or" some 
part perhaps of the Missouri — at last nothing of 
this sort may take place; D.xon may not be able to. 
collect a sufficient force to act; or the Indians mav 
refuse, after they are assembled, to march against 
the point he will advise: yet as the event of an at- 
tack is possible, and the information comes to me di- 
rect, and in such terms and by such means, a.; 
leaves no reason to doubt Dixon's views, his in- 
tentions or his object; it became my duty, as a cit: 
zen, and more so as an officer of the government, to 
apprise you of the communications I had received 
upon this subject. 

Copy of a letter from governor Edwards to general 
U. States, Saline, Illinois (Territory, March 17, 

Str — The Indians have realized my expectations., 
by recommencing hostilities in this territory. 

The information which I have from time to time 
received, leaves no doubt on my mind that Dickson 
has been engaged ever since your battle on the river 
Trench, in preparing for a descent upon St. Louis,S:c. 

The last I heard of him previous to my arrival at 
this place, he was at Green bay, distributing pre- 
sents to the Indians, and some of the Pottowatomies 
of the Illinois had gone to meet him at that place. 

Since I came here I have received a letter from 
col. A. Butler, commander at Detroit, stating that 
the movements of the Indians who submitted to you 
in October last, indicate hostility—confirming all 
my information of Dickson's designs — and strength 
ening suspicions I had previously entertained, that 
the Sioux intended to unite with the enemy — He had 
learnt that Dickson had penetrated into the interior 
of the country, and thinks his object is to attack 
this territory, and probably part of Missouri. He 
concludes by saying, "as the event of\an attack is 
possible, and the information comes to me direct, 
and in such terms, and by such means as leaves me" 
no reason to doubt Dickson's views, his intentions or 
his object — it became my duty as a citizen arid more 
so as an officer of the government, to apprize you o! 
the communications I had received upon this sub- 

As those plans were contemplated and in train 

Canada, dated\of execution, before the disaster of the Niagar:; 

frontier happened, it is to be presumed, that 

their influence will be decisive. And I am sure 

I need not say to you, that a larger body of Indians 
can with more facility attack St. Louis and Cauokia, 
than any other. point on the American frontier. You 
must know the amount of force provided for repel- 
ling any attempt they may make. I presume you 
wiil be convinced, that if it be the object of the 
enemy to produce a diversion of any part of one 
forces from Canada, that he will make his attempt in 
time to secure that object. 

The recent alarms and. the want of protection, are 



depopulating the territory. The settlements are 
so insulated and detached, so equally exposed, and 
the points of attack so numerous, that it would be 
impracticable to raise any force from the local mi- 
litia by draft — and if raised it would be useless, un- 
less it were mounted, which 1 have no power to or- 

I have the honor to be, respectfully, sir, your 
most obedient servant. N. EDWARDS.. 

The following from a late Quebec paper, shews 
what is going on in that quarter. We should be glad 
to have the entire speech of the governor. 

A great number of indian chiefs had been at Que- 
bec. Among them chiefs of the Qttawas, Cbippe- 
was, Shawnese, Delawares, Mohawks, Saiks, Foxes, 
Cickapoos and Winnabagos. They were well re- 
ceived and entertained, and had valuable presents 
made to them. They agreed to fight against the 
Americans, but to spare women and children and pri- 
soners. They had all returned to their tribes. Te- 
cumseh's sister was also at Quebec, and lady Pre- 
vost gave her many presents including mourning or- 

In the speech of the warriors to gov. Prevost, they 

"Father. — Listen; You have told us by the talk 
of your warriors, once lather, twice father, that 
we were to fight on the flanks and in the rear of your 
warriors ; but we have always gone in front, father; 
and it is in this way we have lost so many of our 
young warriors, our women and children. 

"Father. — Listen. Your red children w r ant back 
their old boundary lines, that they may have the 
lands which belong to them : and this, father, when 
the war began, you promised to get for them. 

"Father. — Listen. Your red children have suffer- 
ed a great deal — they are sad — indeed they are piti- 
ful. They want your assistance, father. They want 
arms for their warriors, and clothes for their women 
and children. You do not know the number of your 
red children, father. There are many who have 
never yet received any arms or clothing. It is ne- 
cessary, at present, father, to send more than you 
formerly did. 

"Father. — Listen. At the beginning of the war you 
promised us, when the Americans would put their 
band forward you would draw yours back. Now, 
father, we request when the Americans put their 
hand out, (as we hear they mean to do,) knock it 
away father ; and the second time when they put 
out their hand draw your sword— If not, father, the 
Americans will laugh at us ; and say our great fa- 
ther, who lives beyond the great lake, is a coward, 

Father — Listen. The Americans are taking our 
lands from us every day. They have no hearts, fa- 
ther. They have no pity for us. They want to drive 
us beyond the setting sun. But, father, we hope, 
although we are few, and are here as it were upon a 
little island, our great and mighty father, who lives 
beyond the lake, will not forsake us in our dis- 
tress, but will continue to remember his faithful red 

Frtraclfi-Qm the governors reply. 

Jlfy Chilili -en—l thark the Great Spirit that I see 
you hi my own dwelling, and converse with you 
face to face : — Listen to my words, they are the 
words of truth — you have already heard this from 
my chief!,, and I now repeat them : — we have taken 
e;»ch other by the hand and fought together,our inte- 
rests are the same — we must still continue to fight 
together — for the king our great father considers 
you as his children, and will not forget you or your 
Interests at a peace; but to preserve what we hold, 

and recover from the enemy what belongs to us—we 
must make great exertions, and I rely on your un-! 
daunted courage, with the assistance of my chiefs 
and warriors, to drive the Big Knives from" oil' our i 
lands the ensuing simmer. 

My Children — Our great father will give us more! 
warriors from the other side of the great water,! 
who will join with you in attacking the enemy, ahd| 
will open the great road to your country by which I 
you used to receive your supplies, and which the! 
enemy having stopped, has caused the distress and 1 
scarcity of goods you complain of— for I have never 
been in want of goods for you, but could not send 

Tell your brother warriors, whom I may not see^ 
that these are my words, and that although they 
are to destroy their enemies in battle, they must 
spare and show mercy to women, children, and all 

My Children— I have but one more thing to recom- 
mend to you, which you will not forget— you know 
that the only success the enemy gained over us last 
season was owing to the want of provisions. There 
m as much waste at Amherstburgh — the consequence 
was, that you and my warriors were forced to re- 
treat. In future you must be careful of provisions, 
and use of them only what may be necessary: for 
in war they are the same as powder and ball— we 
cannot destroy our enemies without them.*' 

Canadian affairs. — The governor-general and 
the parliament of Lower Canada, are completely at 
"outs." The house of assembly, having framed and 
prepared articles of impeachment for high crimes 
and misdemeanors against Jonathan Sewel, chief 
justice of the province, and James Monk, chief jus- 
tice for the district of Montreal, presented the same 
to sir George Prevost, with a request that he would 
transmit the same to the prince regent : they also 
urged that the said Sewel and Monk should be sus- 
pended in the exercise of their official functions un- 
til said charges were decided upon, &c. The go. 
vernor refused to accede to this request. The house 
adopted several spirited resolutions, among which 
the following — 

Resolved, That notwithstanding the perverse and 
wicked advice given to his excellency the governor 
in chief, on the subject of the constitutional rights 
and privileges of this house, and the endeavors of 
evil disposed advisers to lead him into error, and to 
embroil him with his majesty's faithful commons of 
this province, this house has not in any respect, al- 
tered tlie opinion it has ever entertained of the wis- 
dom of his excellency's administration of the go- 
vernment, and is determined to adopt the measures it 
had deemed necessary for the support of government, 
and the defence of the province. 

They also resolved that the governor, by said re- 
fusal, had violated the constitutional rights and pri- 
vileges of the house— and appointed an agent to 
manage their affairs in England, appropriating 
£20Q0 to bear his expences. 

GCj'We admire the loyalty of the Canadian parlia- 
ment, and recommend their conduct to several of 
our own legislatures, 

I3y late Quebec papers received at Boston, it ap- 
pears that the disputes between the governor and 
the assembly had proceeded to extremities. He 
dissolved the parliament of Lower Canada, ordering 
a new one to be immediately chosen. The following 
paragraphs are extracted from governor PreYost's 
speech on the occasion : 

" It would have afforded me sincere gratification 
to have witnessed that unanimity and dispatch 
among yourselves, and that liberal confidence in me 
which the emergencies of the times, the situation ef 



the province, and assurances contained in your ad- 
dresses, gave me a right to expect from you ; and I 
pave seen with regret that my disappointment in this 

uniforms like those of the privates, excepting as to 

On other occasions they are permitted to wear 

■expectation ha3 been attended with serious inconve- tile uniform of the artillery; except as to the but- 
|iiiences to the public service. tons, the Position of them. 8c<5. which shall he th 

cannot but lament that the course, of proceed- 
ings adopted by you, has occasioned the loss of a pro- 
ductive revenue bill, and of the liberal appropria- 
tions you had made for the defence of the province, 
and for ameliorating the situation of the militia; 
rand I regret that in sacrificing these desirable ob- 
jects, you should have been swayed by any consi- 
derations which seemed to you of higher importance 

tons, the position of then 
same with the field coat. 
Epaulets of gold. 

Yellow mounted sabres for officers and non com- 
missioned officers. 

By order of secretary of war, 

J. 0. WALBACH, Ad'j.gen. 
Washington city, March 3, 1813. 
General Cass, in his letter published in the official 
tfian the immediate security of the country or those documents communicated to congress lately, and 
engaged its protection. _ _• (dated at Williamsville, January 12th, 1814, states 

las follows: "I am also told that major Wallace of 

Th»* pacific rumors which have prevailed since 
Ifl last addressed you, not affording any certain ground 
lijfor belief that peace is at hand, our vigorous and 
limited exertions will still be required to maintain 
the decided ascendancy with which the Divine Pro- 
|vidence h as been pleased to bless our efforts in the 
ft present contest." 

it In Upper Canada, also, the house of assembly have 
ifresolved that the proclamation of general Rotten- 
i burg, declaring martial law, w r as an arbitrary and 
Unconstitutional measure, tending to destroy the law 
lof the province. 

; Detroit. There are many reasons to believe that 
I the enemy meditates an attack on Detroit. It ap- 
I] pears a most desirable hat he <1 ould. 

Southern Indians. Augusta, CGeo.J March 25. 
i Hostilities will again commence from this frontier in 
I a few days. Already the troops of the United 
States, consisting of part of the 8th regiment, one 
rifle company, and two of dragoons, with the Caro- 
I lina militia, are at fort Hawkins, and in the different 
J forts erected in the nation by general Floyd ; and 
I those from North Carolina in two divisions, amount* 
f ing to 1200 men, commanded by colonel Pearson, 
i passed through Washington in Wilkes couaty, on 
I Saturday and Sunday last, on their way to the gene- 
ral rendezvous. This force, when united, will amount 
to about 3,500 effective men — an army sufficient to 
i destroy or reduce to order and obedience, the hos- 
] tile part of the Creek nation — but unless supplies, 
j sufficient for the expedition, making the necessary 
; advance for delay and accident, shall accompany the 
j troops, no force, however brave or numerous, can 
perform any important service to their country in 
this war. Experience has taught us this lesson, 
and we sincerely hope, it will not be without its ef- 



Washington, March 17, 1814. 

The uniform of the non-commissioned officers, pri- 
vates and musicians of the rifle regiments, will, 
hereafter, be as follows, viz. 

A short coat of grey cloth, single breasted, flat 
yellow buttons, which shall exhibit a bugle sur- 
rounded by stars, with the number of the regiment 
within the curve of the bugle; one row of ten but- 
tons in front, three on each sleeve, and three on 
each skirt, lengthwise, with blind button holes of 
black twist or braid in herring bone form. 
j A waistcoat of grey cloth with sleeves of the 
same. Pantaloons of grey cloth. The Jefferson 
shoe, rising two inches above the ancle joint, and 
not higher. 

Leather caps, with a plate and design similar to 
that of the button, and a short green pumpon in 

the 5th, was in the fort. — He escaped and is now at 

It would appear from the extract of the above 
mentioned letter that general Cass supposed major 
Wallace was in the fort at the time of its surrender. 

How he came by such incorrect information major 
Wallace cannot say; but it will appear evident from 
the following statements, that he was nearly four 
hundred miles from Fort Niagara at the time of 
its capture. 


WavMngton, March, 2, 1814. 
I do certify that I have seen major Benjamin Wal- 
lace of the 5th U. S. infantry, leave Chateaugay, 
Four corners, on the morning the 17th of Decem- 
ber last, and that I left it on the 19th and went to 
Albany by way of Plattsburg, and as I passed 
through that place on the 19th, and on the 24th of 
said month I did see the major in Albanv. 


Late lieutenant of the 5th inf. 


Washington, March 2, 1814. 
This is to certify that from several statements de- 
posited at this office, it appears that major Benja- 
min Wallace of the 5th regiment U. S. infantry was 
on the day fort Niagara was taken by the British 
forces, ou his way from Chateaugay, Four Corners, 
to Albiny. 

(Signed) J. B. WALBACH, 

Adjutant general. 
(XjrThose who have published general Cass's let- 
ter will please publish this also, merely to correct 

Copy of a letter from captain TIobnes,to lieut. col But- 
ler, commanding at Detroit, aad transmitted t» 
the department of -war by gen. Harrison. 

Fort Covington, March 10th, 1814. 
Sir — I have the honor to submit in writing that 
the expedition sent under my command against the 
enemy's posts by your special orders of the 21st 
ultimo, had the good fortune on the 4tb inst. to 
meet and subdue a force double its own, fresh from 
the barracks, and led by a distinguished officer. 

I had been compelled to leave the artillery by the 
invincible difficulties of the route from Point au 
Plait to the Round O. No wheel carriage of any 
kind had ever attempted it before-, and none, will 
ever pass it until the brush and the fallen timber are 
cut away, and the swamp causewayed or drained. — 
After joining captain Gill, I began the march for 
fort Talbot, but was soon convinced of its being 
impossible to reach the post, in time to secure any 
force which might be there or adjacent. This con- 
viction, united with the information that the enemy 
had a force at Delaware upon the Thames, that I 
should be expected at fort Talbot, and consequently, 
that a previous descent upon Delaware might de- 
jfor field or active service, the officers will wear'ceive the foe, and lead him to expose some point 


in defending others he might think menaced, and 
coupled with the possibility that hearing- of captain 
Gill's march to the Hound 6. by M'Gregor's militia, 
whom he had pursued, a detachment had descended 
the Thames to intercept him, determined me to e» 
ercise the discretion allowed by the order and to 
strike at once upoirthe river. 

On the 3d inst. when only fifteen miles from De- 
laware, we received intelligence that the enemy had 

baggage stood in the centre; the enemy threw his 
militia and Indians across the ravine above the road 
and commenced the action with savage yells and bu- 
gles sounding from the north, west and south. His 
regulars at the same time charged down the road 
from the opposite side of the heights, crossed the 
bridge and charged up the heights we occupied 
within twenty steps of the American line and against 
the most destructive fire. But his front section was 

left Delaware with the intention of descending the soon shot to pieces. Those who followed were, 
river, and that we should probably meet him in one much thinned and wounded. His officers were soon 
hour; that his force consisted of a light company 
from the Royal Scotts, mustering for duty one hun- 
dred and twenty men: a light company from the 89th 

regiment of foot (efficiency not known) Caldwell's 
Indians and M'Gregor's militia, amounting in all to 
about 300 men. My command originally had not 
exceeded one hundred and eighty rank and file. — 
Hunger, cold and fatigue had" brought on disease. 
and though none died, all were exceedingly depress' 
cd, and sixteen had been ordered home as unable to 
continue the march. I resolved therefore to avoid 
the conflict on equal grounds, and immediately re 
created five miles for the sake of a good position, on 

cut down and his antagonists continued to evince a 
degree of animation that bespoke at once their bold- 
ness and security. He therefore abandoned the 
charge and took cover in the woods at diffused order, 
between fifteen, twenty and thirty paces of our line, f 
and placed all hope upon his ammunition 

Our regulars being uncovered, were ordered to j 
kneel, that the brow of the heights must partly ' 
screen them from the enemy's view. The firing en- 
creased on both sides with great vivacity. But the 
crisis was over. I knew the enemy dare not unco* 
ver, and of course that no second charge would be 
attempted. On the north, west and south front 

the western bank of the Twenty Mile Creek, leaving the firing had been sustained with much coolness 
aptain Gill with twenty rangers to cover the rear, and with considerable loss to the foe. Our troops watch the enemy's motions. We had encamp- on those fronts being protected by logs hastily 

ed but a few minutes, when captain Gill joined, af- 
ter exchanging shots with the enemy's advance, in 
vainly attempting to reconnoitre his force. The 
Twenty Mile creek runs from north to south, 
through a deep and wide ravine, and of course is 
flanked east and west by lofty heights. My cam]) 
was formed upon the western heights. The enemy's 
upon the opposite. During the night of the 3d all 
was quiet. At sun rise on the 4th, the enemy ap- 
peared thinly upon the opposite heights, fired upon 
us without effect and vanished. After waiting some 
time for their reappearance, lieut. Knox of the ran- 
gers was sent to recsnnoitre. On his return he re- 
ported that the enemy had retreated with the utmost 
precipitation, leaving his baggage scattered upon 
the road, and that his trail and fires made him out 
not more than seventy men. Mortified at die suppo 
sition of having retrograded from this diminutive 
force, I instantly commenced the pursuit, with the 
design of attacking Delaware before the opening of 
another day. We had not however proceeded be- 
yond five miles when captain Lee commanding the 
advance, discovered the enemy in considerable force, 
arranging himself for battle. The symptoms of fear 
and flight were now easily traced to the purpose of 
seducing me from the heights, and so far the plan 
succeeded. But the enemy failed to improve the 
advantage. If he had thrown his chief force acrosr- 
the ravine above the road and occupied our camp 
when relinquished, thus obstructing my communi- 
cation to the rear, I should have been driven upon 
Delaware against a superior force, since found to be 
stationed there, or forced to take the wilderness for 
fort Talbot without forage or provisions. ' Heaven 
averted this calamity. We soon regained the posi- 
tion at Twenty. Mile creek, and though the rangers 
were greatly disheartened by the retreat, and to a 
man insisted upon not fighting the enemy, we deci- 
ded to exhibit on that spot the scene of death or 
victory. 1 was induced to adopt the order of the 
hollow square, to prevent the necessity of evolution 
which I knew all the troops were incompetent to 
perform in action. The detachments of the 24th 
and 28th infantry occupied the brow of the heights. 
The detachment from the garrison of Detroit form- 
ed the north front of the square, the rangers the 
wes', and the militia the south. Our horses and 

thrown together, and the enemy not charging, both 
the rifle and the musket were aimed at leisure, per- 
haps always told. The enemy at last became per-, 
suaded that Providence had sealed the fortune of 
the day. His cover on the east front was insuffici- 
ent : for as he had charged in column of sections, 
and therefore, when dispersing on either side of the 
road, was unable to extend his flanks, and as our re- 
gulars presented an extended front from the begin- 
ning, it is evident that a common sized tree could 
not protect even one man much less the squads that 
often stood and breathed their last together ; and 
yet upon his regulars the enemy relied for victory. 
In concert therefore, and favored by the shades of 
twilight, he commenced a. general retreat after one 
hour's close and gallant conflict. 

I did not pursue for the following reasons. 1. We 
had triumphed against numbers and discipline, and 
were therefore under no obligation of honor to in- 
cur additional hazard. 2. In these requisites (num- 
bers and discipline) the enemy were still superior, 
and the night would have ensured success to an am- 
buscade. 3. The enemy's bugle sounded the close 
upon the opposite heights. If then we had pursu- 
ed, we must have passed over to him as he did to 
us, because the creek could be passed on horse back- 
at no other point, and the troops being fatigued and 
(frost bitten and their shoes cut to pieces by the fro- 
zen ground, it was not possible to pursue on foot.— 
It follows that the attempt to pursue would have 
given the enemy the same advantage that produced 
the defeat. 

Our loss in killed and wounded amounted to a 
non-commissioned officer and six privates, but the 
blood of between 80 and 90 brave Englishmen, 
and among them four officers, avenged their fall. — 
The commander, capt. Barden of the 89th, is sup- 
posed to have been killed at an early stage of the 
contest. The whole American force in action con- 
sisted of one hundred and fifty rank and file, of 
whom seventy were militia, including the rangers. 
The enemy's regulars, alone, were from one hundred 
and fifty to one hundred and eighty strong, and his 
militia and Indians fought upon three fronts of our 

1 am much indebted to all my regular officers, 
and trust their names will be mentioned to the 


army find to the war department. Without intend- 
ing- a discrimination, it must be acknowledged that 
the exertions of lieutenant Kouns and Henry of the 
28th and Jackson and Potter of the 24th were 
most conspicuous, because fortune had opposed 
them to the main strength of the foe. Captain I,ee, 
of the Michigan dragoons, was of great assistance 
before the action at the head of the advance and 
spies, and my warmest thanks are due to acting 
sailing-master Darling of the United States' schooner 
Somers, who had volunteered to command the ar- 
tillery. Ensign Heard of the 28th acting as volun- 
teer 'adjutant, merits my acknowledgments, and 
especially for his zeal in defending my opinion 
against a final retreat when others permitted their 
hopes to sink beneath the pressure of the moment. 

The enemy's wounded and prisoners were treated 
with the utmost humanity. Though some of 
our men were marching in their stocking feet they 
were not permitted to take a shoe even from the 

I have the honor to be with perfect respect, sir, 
Vour most obedient servant. 
' (Signed) A. H. HOLMES, 

Captain24th Lift. 
%ieut. Col Butler, commanding the Terri- 

tort/ of Michigan and its dependencies. 

"A British official"— ks the campaign opens the 
season of falshood begins. The following is a fine 
specimen of this favorite ware of the enemy: 

Adjutant-general's office, Quebec, 18th March, 1814. 

General orders. — His excellency the commander 
of the forces has received from lieut. gen. Drum- 
mond, the report of captain Stewart, of the Royal 
Scotts, of an affair which took plaiAbetween the de- 
tachment under the orders of that officer, and a bo- 
dy of the enemy, on the 4th inst. at Longwood, in 
advance of Delaware town. 

Capt. Stewart reports, that receiving a report late 
on the night of the 3d inst. from captain Caldwell, 
that a party of the enemy had been seen in Long- 
wood, he directed the flank companies of the Royal 
Scotts and the light company of the 89th regt. un- 
der the immediate command of capt. Caldwell ; and 
that at 5 o'clock, in the evening, the enemy was dis- 
covered, in very superior force, posted on a com- 
manding eminence, strongly entrenched with log 
breast works — this post was instantly attacked in the 
most gallant manner, by the flank companies in front, 
while capt. Caldwell's company of rangers and a de- 
tachment of the loyal militia and a small band ofin- 
dians, made a flank movement to the left with a view 
of gaining the rear of the position ; and, after re- 
peated efforts to dislodge the enemy, in an arduous 
and spirited contest of an hour and an half duration, 
which terminated with the daylight, the troops were 
reluctantly withdrawn, having suffered severely, prin- 
cipally in officers. 

The enemy has since abandoned his position in 
Longwood, ( 

List of the killed, wounded and missing-. 

Royal Scotts light company — I captain, 9 rank 
and file killed-— 1 iieut. 3 Serjeants, 31 rank and file 
wounded— 1 bugler missing. 

89th light company—-! Iieut 3 rank and hie killed 
—1 captain, 1 serjeant and 7 rank and file wounded 
— Volunteer Pigott wounded and taken prisoner. 

Royal Kent volunteers—1 iieut. 1 serjeant, and 5 
rank and file wouned. 

JYames of officers killed and wounded. 

Capt. D.Johnston, Royal Scotts, and lieutenant P. 

British prisoners lately held in retaliation, but who 
escaped from Worcester jail, have also arrived in 
that city. 

It is understood that Wude Hampton has resigned 
his commission as major-general in the armies of the 
United States. It is also intimated, that the en- 
quiry about to be had into the conduct of major- 
general Wilkinson has been instigated at the desire Oi 
that officer. It is hardly necessary to add, that tlie 
hue and cry raised by faction, which said that he 
had been arrested, was, (as usual) false. 

Several enemy vessels of war, probably those that 
chased the Constitution into Marblehead, have occa- 
sionally appeared in sight from Boston, Marblehead, 

The squadron off New-London varies in its force ; 
but is never less than one 74, one frigate and a sloop 
of war. The others ply off and on, 

A letter received at Philadelphia from Sackett's 
Harbor says, it was expected the lake would be clear 

of ice on the 5th inst. It adds "The British 

have launched two frigates at Kingston, and have 
laid the keel of a 74. The keel is 170 feet in length . 
It is doubted whether the enemy have cordage and 
armament for their new ships. Our fleet was pro 
gressing rapidly, and expected soon to put to sea. 

The Bramble (despatch vessel) reached England' 
in 20 days from the Chesapeake. 

A Montreal paper says, it is not expected the Bri- 
tish naval force will be superior to the American on 
lake Ontario, the ensuing summer. 

The Constitution.— The official account of tlie late 
cruise of the Constitution frigate has not yet been re- 
ceived ; but a detail of it has appeared in the Eastern 
papers. She proceeded to the lat. of 7 N. long. 55 
W.—For 17 days did not see a sail ! Feb. 2, chased 
a brig of war into shoal water, off the river Marra- 
vine, Surrinam. Next day chased another brig that 
also escaped by hugging the shore. Feb. 14, cap- 
tured the ship Lovely Ann, andnext day made prize 

of the British king's schooner Picton,of- guns 

and 60 men, and destroyed her. Made a cartel of 
the ship and sent the prisoners to Barbadoes. On 
the 18th captured schr. Phoenix, and sunk her. On 
the same day, on the south side of Porto Rico, the 
Constitution gave chase to two sail, ascertained one 
to be a merchant brig, and so close in with the land 
as to render it impossible to overhaul her, she haul- 
ed off", and went in chase of the other vessel, which. 
was discovered, soon after, to be a large ship — about 
5 o'clock P. M. the strange sail hauled her wind to 
the southward, when she was plainly made out to be 
a frigate, as her ports could all be counted. The 
Constitution was immediately cleared for action— 
the strange frigate rounded to, hoisted three En- 
glish colours, and fired a gun to windward, the wind 
at that moment died all away, and left the two ships 
entirely becalmed— just at dusk a fresh breeze 
sprung up, which gave the enemy's frigate the 
weather gage, when, to the utter astonishment and 
mortification of the Constitution's gallant officers 
and crew, she bore away and made all sail from the 
American frigate, which crowded all sail in pursuit, 
as soon as the breeze reached her. Night coming on, 
and it being very dark, she made her escape through 
the Mona Passage, and was not be seen the next 
morning. [She was the PIQUE, a fine fast-sailing 
frigate, commanded by the hon. captain Maitland.] 
A iew days afterwards, captured and destroyed the 
brig Catharine. April 3 at 7 A. M. light breeze from 
NE. when off Cape Ann, discovered two large sail 

Grame, 89th regt killed. Capt Beaded, 89th «gt-| to lhe SE . standing for her, and coming up very fast, 
andheut.A. Macdonald, Royal Scotts, wounded. K^ a breeze They weJ . e g00n made out to be 

Genu Winder has arrived at Quebec. Four of the 'frigates, and the Constitution escaped from thtni 


by the greatest exertions, and arrived at Marble- 
head safe, after throwing overboard all her provi- 
sion, and such other heavy articles as could be got 
at, starting her water, rum, &c. and cleared the deck 
of every moveable. Though this celebrated vessel, 
with as'valuaMe officers and men as ever she had, 
lias not gained the triple laurel, as hoped and desired, 
we rejoice that she has returned in safety after 
vexing many seas and appalling the enemy; who, it 
is said, has ordered that all his frigates should run 
from her ! 

On the night of the 7th instant, seven enemy 
barges and launches, entered the Connecticut river, 
and arrived at Pettipang about day light on Friday 
morning, fired two guns upon the town, and landed 
Upon the wharves. The alarmed inhabitants thus 
aroused from their beds in great confusion, were 
informed by the enemy their object was to de- 
stroy the shipping, and that if they were molested 
while doing it, the town should share the same 
fate. Being without the necessary means of resist- 
ing at the moment so large a force, the inhabitants 
were under the necessity of remaining quiet, while 
the British proceeded in their work of destruction. 
They succeeded in burning from 27 to 30 sail, about 
one third of which were square rigged vessels, and 
remained at Pettipang during the whole day amusing 
themselves on shore by pitching quoits. In the 
evening they departed and reached the mouth of the 
river before any sufficient force had arrived to cut 
them on". The scene of this destruction lies about 
14 miles from JVezo- London. 

It is again reported that the enemy is building 
vessels of war on lake Huron, at a place called 

New- Orleans, March 8.— Arrived at this port 
yesterday morning, the privateer schooner Pox, capt 
jack, of Baltimore — from a cruize. — She left Baiti 
more in September last— having taken eight prizes, 
one of which, the king's packet Lapwing, after a 
severe action of fifteen minutes, in which the Lap 
wing had her captain and fourteen killed and wound- 
ed. On board the Fox, one killed, the captain and 
three or four severely wounded. Captain Jack suc- 
ceeded in securing one of the mail bags, the rest 
having been thrown overboard. The packet was 
manned and ordered for the United States but was 
afterwards retaken Jand sent to Jamaica. The Fox 
was chased off the Balize by a British sloop of war. 

A Spanish vessel, from Havanna, arrived at Bos- 
ton, was boarded a few days since, from the Junon 
frigate, and suffered to proceed after taking out of 
her five American passengers,- who had been to 
Havanna on business! 


f* Several ships arrived in the Chesapeake, on the 
2d or 3d instant as a reinforcement. The enemy's 
fleet now in the bay is stated to be four 74's 5 fri- 
gates, and several smaller vessels. All of them, 
except 2 frigates came up the bay on the 4th. Some 
were off Sharp'* island on Wednesday last ; and 8 
boats were seen to go off towards the Eastern Shore. 
It does not appear as yet that they have done much 
damage, the bay craft and the people on the shores 
being more on their guard than they were last year.. 
A party of the enemy, however, entered Wiocomico 
some days ago, in pursuit of a schooner, and being 
disappointed in getting her, they landed and com- 
mitted the usual barbarisms on the property of the 
people on shore — not only in "robbing the her. 
houses," and taking off what might be useful to 
them, but in destroying furniture, ripping up beds, 
breaking winViowg, and the like. They also burnt 
the kitchen of a Mr. 'Edwards, and stole from the 

poor negroes their clothing and pigs. They left the i 
shore before the militia could reach them, except a 
small party who exchanged some shot with them.— 
Who shall say that these things are not "magnani- 
mous" and "religious," and worthy of a nation "con- 
tending for the freedom- of the -world ?" — Out upon 
the Goths, and their canting adherents ! 

The U. S. sloop of war Erie, is not in the bay as 
reported. That vessel, as well as the Ontario, is at 
Baltimore dismantled ; and the crews have b ten or ! 
dered to other service. 

Internal Resources. 

Owego village. — [From the Gleaner.] A friend of 
ours has lately returned from Ovvego, and has been 
polite enough to favor us with a schedule obtained 
from a respectable merchant of the village, of the 
business transacted there during the last winter.— 
The curious cannot fail to be pleased with the 
perusal. It should be borne in mind that it is but a 
few years since the place where Owego is built wasi 
a wilderness. 

During the sleighing there was on the road from 
Ithaca, the head of the Cayuga lake, to Owego, 
from 500 to 700 sleighs : There are now at Owego 
(March 10th) about nine thousand five hundred tons 
of plaister ; and 2,500 barrels of salt : — To trans, 
port these to market will require 200 arks, which 
will cost about 100 dollars each. Plaister, the arks 
given in, is about 20 dollars per ton at Owego ; and- 
the salt itself will bring $6 per barrel— making in 
the whole, 

9,500 tons of plaister, at $20 $190,000 

2,500 barrels of salt, 6 15,000 

9 arks to carry salt, 100 900 

The oats consumed daily, allowing one bushel to 

each team, (many of them had from 4 to 6 horses) 

would be 700 bushels. 

Cost of plaister at the bed, 3 to 4 dollars per ton. 


[See page 48.] 

The following is said to be a pretty accurate esti- 
mate of the valuation which government has recently 
made of the following great estates:—- 

Per Ann. 

Duke of Northumberland's - .£150,000 
Duke of Devonshire's - 120,000 

Duke of Rutland's - 105,000 

Duke of Bedford's - - - 100,000 

Marquis of Buckingham's - - 94,000 
Duke of Norfolk's - 88,000 

Duke of Marlborough's - - 85,000 

Marquis of Hertford's - - - 75,000 

Marquis of Stafford's - - - 75,000 

Duke of Buccleugh's - - - 73,000 

Earl of Grosvenor's - - - 70,000 

Earl of Lonsdale's ... - 70,000 
Earl Fitz William's - - - 66,000 
Earl of Bridgewater's - 66,000 

Marquis of Lansdown's - 60,000 

Marquis of Downshire's - 58,000 

Duke of Portland's - - - 56,000 

Mr. Coke's (of Norfolk) - - - 54,000 
Marquis of Sligo's - - - 47,000 

Sir Watkin William Wynne's - - 37,000 
Sir William Manner's - - - 33,000 

Sir Francis Burdett's - - - 30,000 





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CHRONICLE. jCharlestown, in the county of Middlesex, by The 

Vt'tv-Hamphshirc electa n. The late election for go- mas H. Cashing, esq. brigadier-general in the army 
lor was so close that the result cannot be certainly ; of the United States, and commandant of military 

district No. 1 — accompanied with an affidavit, that 
application had been made to gen. Cashing for a copy 
of the authority by which he claimed to hold said 
Bull, which had been refused — The court ordered! 
a writ of habeas corpus to issue, directed to gene- 
ral Cashing, ordering him to have the body of the 
said Bull before them with the cause of his deten- 
tion. In obedience to this writ, general Gushing 
brought the said Bull into court on Tuesday the 15th 
inst. and returned upon the writ the cause of his 
detention — which was that said W. Bull, on the 11th 
March, inst. before a general court-martial at fort 
Independence, had on his own confession, been con- 
victed of the crime of desertion from the 6th regi- 
Campbelly resigned, has S ment of infantry stationed at Burlington, in Ver* 
jmont, into which he had voluntarily enlisted as a 

known until the meeting of the legislature, when 
the votes will be officially examined. The political 
ru;. Meter of the house of representatives is doubt- 
ful. It will consist of 187 members, and the majo- 
rity, Ml either side, will not exceed six or eight 
• otes* 

J\io$$achns*tt9 election. — Returns from 291 towns 
are received. The votes stand, for Strong 44,701 ; 
Dexter 33,204. The votes last year in the same 
towns, were, for Strong- 44,908 ; for Varnwn, 31,570. 

Return J. Meigs has entered upon the duties of 
his office as postmaster-general of the United Ststes 

Jesse Wharton, appointed, a senator in congress, 
from Tennessee, vice Gf. ff 
taken his seat in the senate. 

Letters from Bordeaux, received at Washington soldier, to serve during the war — that he had of his 
citv, state that the Popk had been set at liberty, and own accord, returned to his duty, by reporting him 

returned to Rome, prior to the 29th of January last, 
By our last, accounts from Spain it was reported 
t hat Ferdinand had arrived on the frontiers, and that 
r iie Cortes had rejected a separate treaty with 
France. They have also published a decree fixing 
the manner in which he shall be received, &c. a- 
motig other provisions, it prohibits the entry of any 
foreigner with him, even if in the capacity of a 
domestic- The Cortes have assumed a ground that 
we are pleased with — it i3 true, they think it neces- 
sary to retain poor Ferdinand as a king, but seem dis- 
posed also to restrain the powers of the monarchy, 
which were stupidly enormous. We have seen a 
copy of the treaty alluded to — it makes peace ; ac 

df to major Campbell, in the service of the United 
States, and was now under arrest for this cause. 

Witnesses were then produced to show the age of 
Bull-— who testified, that he was born in August 
1795. BulFs affidavit was then read, which stated 
that he was a native of Boston — that he had for some 
time prior to his enlistment, served Dr. Williams, 
of Cambridge, as an apprentice to the business of 
an apothecary ; that on leaving him he went to New 
York, where being destitute of money and friends, 
he on the 3d May, 1813, voluntarily enlisted into 
the 6th regiment of the army of the United States 
— that he at the time stated his age to the recruiting 
officer — that he had not then, nor had he now any 

knowledges Ferdinand and his successors : gives up | parent, guardian or master ; but that it was at this 
the places yet in the hands of the French ; obligates \^ me his desire to leave the service of the United 
FerdmaBd to maintain the integrity of the territory [States, and to return to his friends. 
of Spain ,and to cause all places to be evacuated by General C ushW stated to the court, that he 
the British ; provides for a support of the maritime claimed t0 hoid the ppisoner as a soldier, duly en- 
principles laid down in the treaty of Ltrech* restores | Usted into the armyof the United States? by v , rtue 

the estates and property of those who abdicated L f the act f congresSj passed Jan . X l, 1812, and 
with king Joseph ; and tor a general return of pro- entitled "an act to raise an additional military force," 
perty lost and held m consequence of the war, andj and f the prov iso in the 11th section, which is in 
urnofpr..soners;and provides for the sup-j these words viz. "and provided al 

Iso that no person 

the retui 

port of king Charles and his wife, by a pension ofj un ~£ P thVage' of tvventy^ne^earslhall be"enlisted 
$1,500,000 per annum, to be paid quarterly by Fer- k y any officer, or held in the service of the United 
dinand. # States, without the consent in writing of his parent,! 

It is reported, but in such a loose manner that we guardian or master, first had and obtained, if any 
Were inclined not to notice it, that Pans had fallen j he have." On it being intimated to the court by 
into the hands of the allies— that Louis had ascend- general Gushing, that it was a Question of import 
ed the throne, and that Bonaparte was to retire to jtance in a military point of view, and that he should 
Corsica. To balance tins, perhaps, others say that .wish for the aid of the district attorney ; the court 
Bonaparte had defeated the allies, and taken his {adjourned the hearing to Wednesday morning, the 
father-in-law prisoner. Either of these things may had being committed in the mean time to the custo- 
have happened, but we have no fanh in the present |dy of t j ie sheriff. The question was argued at 
reports as to either. {length on Wednesday morning, by Smith, counsel 

General Unset— Tins gentleman has passed for the United States, and by gen. dishing, on the 
through every grade from that of a private, soldier to validity of the contract; and" bv Thatcher, coun- 
his present elevation. He was too young to be a sel for the prisoner. After the hearing, the court 
soldier of the revolution. He enlisted into the west- 1 took time to consider; and on Thursday morning 
err. army about the year 1789, and passed through chief justice Sewell, (justices Thatcher, Parker 
the grades of corporal, sergeant, sergeant-major, and Jackson being present,) pronounced the unani- 
ensign; lieutenant, captain, major, lieutenant-colo- mous opinion of the court, upon the construction of 

nel and colonel to that of brigadier-general. 

Tme .American. 

the above proviso ; that an infant under the age ofj 
3 twenty-one years having a parent, guardian or mas- 
ter, and having his assent in writing, might enlistj 
j into the service of the United States ; that the infant} 
in the present case not having any parent, g 


pi f 

Interesting military question. 

Boston, CMais.J March %*>.— 0:i the complaint 

Ann Powell, to the supreme judicial court now bind himself, and that having expressed his desire 
i in this town, thai IViiliart Bull, her bro-jto be freed from the service, he could not be held. 1 — 

lister to assent to the contract, he could not 

[\y restrained of his liberty, atvThe prisoner was thereupon discharged.., 


No. 8 of vor,. VI.] 

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, Aptul 23, 1814. 

[whole no. 138* 

Hxc olim meminisse juvuhit. — Vincn. 

Printed and published by II. Niles, South-st. next door to the Merchants' Coffee Mouse, at $ 5 per 

■ > ■■ .- - ■ r ' ■ - 

Important State Paper. 

The secretary of stale, to -whom ivere referred the se- 
veral resolutions of the senate of the "2d of February 
and 9lh of March last, has the honor to submit to 
the president, the following ftEPORT : 
Although these resolutions are of different dates, 
Mid refer to subjects in some respects distinct in 
their nature, yet as they are connected in others of 
onsiderable importance, which bear essentially on 
jjlhc conduct of the parties in the present war, it is 
thought proper to comprise them in the same report. 
The first of those resolutions calls for the names 
f the individuals who were selected from the Ame- 
rican prisoners of war and sent to Great Britain for 
trial, their places of residence in the United States; 
the times when and the courts by which they were 
admitted to become citizens; the regiments to which 
they belong; when and where they were taken; with 
copies of any official correspondence respecting the 
treatment of prisoners of war, and of any orders for 
retaliation on either side. 
The other resolutions request information of the 
I conduct of Great Britain towards her native sub- 
l|ects, taken in arms against her, and of the general 
| practice of the nations of Europe relative to natu- 
, jralization, and the employment in war, each, of the 
subjects of the other; of the cases, with their cir- 
cumstances, in which any civilized nation has 
punished its native subjects taken in arms against 
it, for which punishment retaliation was inflicted by 
the nation in whose service they were taken.— 
?|And lastly — 

Under what circumstances and on what grounds 
jGreat Britain has refused to discharge native citi- 
zens of the United States impressed into her service; 
|»nd what has been her conduct towards American 
seamen on board her ships of war, at and since the 
(commencement of the present war with the United 

The paper marked A, contains the names of the 
[American prisoners who were sent to England for 
trial by the British commander in Canada; of the 
(corps to which they belong; of the times when, and 
jof the places where they were taken. Of their places 
jjof residence in the United States; of the times and 
the courts in which they were admitted to become 
fcitizens, there is no evidence in this department 
|nor is there any to shew whether they were natu 
ralized or native citizens of the United States. This 
{paper contains also a copy of the orders of both 
(governments for retaliation, and of the correspon- 
dence between their respective commissaries, con- 
[Je^rning the treatment of prisoners. 

The paper marked B, states various grounds on 
which the British government has refused to deliver 
up American seamen, impressed into the British 
service, on the application of the agents of the 
United States, regularly authorised to demand them, 
with the correspondence relating to the same. It 
communicates also such information as this depart- 
ment has been aole to obtain of the conduct of the 
British government towards American seamen on 
board British ships of war, at and since the com-i 
mencement of the present, war.- Amona thi* -causes t 
Vol VI 

(assigned for their detention, the following are the 
most deserving of notice — 

1. That they had no documents, or that their do- 
cuments were irregular. 

2. That they were released from prison in Got- 

3. That they were exchanged as British subjects 

4. Were said to be impostors. 

5. To have married in England. 

6. Did not answer the descriptions given of them 
in their protections. 

7. Had attempted to desert. 

8. Were sent into the service for smuggling. 

9. Were not to be found ort bemrd of the ship stated. 

10. Mad voluntarily entered into the British ser- 

11. Were natives of foreign countries, Prussia, 
Sweden, Italy, Sec. 

It is probable that some of the seamen whose dis- 
charges were demanded, may not have been native 
citizens of the United States, but very presumable 
that the greater part Were. Indeed the pretext- 
assigned for their detention seems to admit it. Had 
they been native subjects of England, being there, 
their origin might have been traced. But that is the 
ground in few instances only. In urging that some 
had no protections or that their protections were 
irregular; that others had been exchanged as British 
prisoners; were impostors; had attempted to desert; 
did not answer the protections, given them; were 
natives of Prussia* Sweden, &c. it is fairly to be 
inferred that the public authority in England, to 
whom this duty is assigned, sought rather to evade 
the application, than to justify the refusal. The pre~ 
text that some were natives of Prussia, Sweden, &c. 
deserves particular attention. On this circumstance 
the secretary will remark only, that in extending 
impressment, in American vessels, to persons who 
could not be mistaken for British subjects, and re- 
fusing to surrender them, on application to the 
voluntary service from which they were taken, it i$ 
evident that the recovery of British seamen has not 
been the sole object of the practice* 

By the report of the American comrm^sarv of pri- 
soners m England, it appears that a considerable 
number of our seamen had been transferred from 
British ships of war, to prisons; that their exchange 
for British seamen taken in battle was demanded, in 
the first instance, but that that claim seems to have 
been since waved. It might have been expected that 
the British government, on being satisfied, that these 
men, or that any of them, were American citizens, 
would have liberated and sent them home at its own 
charge. They are however still held prisoners in 
confinement. That many of them, if not a}!, are 
native citizens, cannot be double J, forbad proof 
not been irre.sistable, it cannot be presumed, while 
so many others are detained on board British, ships 
of war, that these would have been exempted from 
that service. That many ai'e still detained on board 

British shi}}3 of war may be fairly inferred, even 

without other evidence, from the indiscriminate 
manner of British impressment; fi»om the distant 
service in Which the men thus impressed) are often 
necessarily efnp*~- 

', deprivii '■ • .>-.-:., i>f J5 



opportunity to communicate with them; and from, which' the alleged purposes of the enemy against 
the inconsiderable number discharged, compared | the twenty-three prisoners in question, under all the 
with thai which has been demanded. Without circumstances which belong to their case, even 
relying altogether on the reports heretofore made to though many of them may not have been regularly 
congress by this department, the letter of commo- naturalized, are countenanced by the proceedings of 
(lore Bodeers hereunto annexed, affords data from 

which an estimate may be formed. On this point, 
the correspondence between general Taylor and the 
captain of the British ship the Dragon, and com- 
modore Decatur and the commander Capel, deserve 
also particular attention. If the British government 
would order a strict search to be made, through the 
British navy, for American seamen, it would then 
be seen how many of our native citizens have parti- 
cipated m the lot of the unfortunate men mentioned 
in the correspondence referred to. 

The contrast which these documents present, in 
the pretensions and conduct of Great Britain, with 
the pretensions and conduct of the United States, 
cannot fail to make a deep impression in favor of the 
latter, The British government impresses into its navy 
native citizens or* the U. States, and comspels them 
to serve in it, and in many instances even to fight 
against their country, white it arrests as traitors anxl 
menaces with death, persons suspected to be native 
British subjects, for having fought under our stan- 
dard against British forces, although they had vo- 
luntarily entered into our army, having emigrated to 
tlie United States and incorporated themselves into 
the American society The United States on the 
other hand, have forced no person into their service, 
nor have they sought, nor are they disposed to pu- 
nish any, who, after having freely emigrated to any 
part of the British dominions and settled there, may 
have entered voluntarily into the British army. 

The remaining enquiries relate to objects other 
than the immediate conduct of the parties in the pre- 
sent war. They demand information of the conduct 
of Great Britain, and of other powers in past times, 
without limitation in the retrospect, in circumstan- 
ces, bearing on the question of retaliation. The in- 
formation required relates to the following points; 

1. The conduct of Great Britain and the other 
nations of Europe, as to naturalization, and the em- ! merits of the bill. In order to judge of the pro- 
ployment in war, each, of the subjects of the other, jpriety of the measure it embraced, it would be ne» 

2. As to the punishment of their native subjects pessary to go back to the nature an4 character of the 
taken in arms against them in the service of other war' in which this nation is engaged. It was, as it 
powers. had been emphatically and correctly stated, a war 

any European nation; 

That if no instances occur of retaliation in the ' 
few cases requiring it, or in any of them, by the j 
governments employing such persons, it has been, 
as is presumed, because the punishment which had 
been inflicted by the native country, might be ac- j 
counted for on some principle other than its denial 
of the right of emigration and naturalization. Had ' 
the government, employing the persons so punished ' 
by their native country, retaliated in such cases, it I 
might have incurred the reproach either of counte- 
nancing acknowledged crimes, or of following the 
example of the other party in acts of cruelty, ex- 
citing horror, rather than of fulfiling its pledge to 
innocent persons in support of rights fairly obtained, 
and sanctioned by the general opinion and practice 
of the nations of Europe, ancient and modem. 

All which is respectfully submitted. 

(Signed) JAS. MONROE. 

Department of slate, April 14, 1814. 

^ . . ■ » • i. — » 

Embargo and n on -importation. 

In the following speeches of Messrs. Calhoun, Web- 
ster and JPKim, (delivered in the house of repre- 
sentatives) the manner in which the message of 
the president of the 31st tilt, was viewed and 
supported or opposed, i* shewn. 


Wednesday, April 6. — The house, on motion of 
Mr. Calhoun, resolved itself into a committee of the 
whole, Mr. Pleasants of Virginia in the chair, on 
the bill to repeal the embargo and non-importation 
acts, and the bill to prohibit the exportation of specie. 

The first mentioned bill was first taken up ; and 
the first section having been read, 

Mr. Calhoun of S. C. (the chairman of the com- 
mittee of foreign relations) rose to speak to the 

for free trade and sailors' rights : and such, Mr. C^ 
said, must fee the character of every war in which 
this nation is engaged. We are so far removed from 
the European contest, that we shall never enter into 
the struggles for continental power in that quarter 
of the world. Not that we should be indifferent 
spectators of the events in Europe, because the 
changes there may have a considerable bearing on 
the affairs and interests of this country : but the in- 
terest we feel in these events is not of such a cha-: 
•racter, as to make us a primary party in any of these 
contests. But one circumstance, always accompa- 
nying the European struggles, will more or less in- 
volve the rights of this country in them. Of such 
a character is the British commercial or maritime 
policy, which in its effect tends to destroy the free: 
trade of this country, and also to infringe the rights' 
of our seamen. In this point of view, it is a matter 
of great importance that we should duly reflect on the 
character of the present contest, to decide what part 

o. Examples of retaliation by the latter in such 

These enquiries necessarily involve an extensive 
research in the history and jurisprudence of the na- 
tions of Europe. For so important a task the other 
duties 'of the secretary of state have altogether dis- 
qualified him, since the call was made. The ap- 
proaching close of the session does not leave him 
time for more than the following observations; 

That all the nations of Europe naturalize foreign- 

That they all employ in their service the subjects 
of each other, and frequently against their native 
countries, even when not regularly naturalized; 

That they all allow their own subjects to emigrate 
to foreign countries; 

That although examples may be found of the pu- 
nishment of their native subjects taken in arms 
against, them, the examples are few, and have ei- 
ther been marked by peculiar circumstances, taking 

them out of the controverted principle, or having! this country ought to act, and what principles should* 
proceeded from the passions or policy of the occasion, now govern our conduct. The policy of Britain* j 
Even in prosecution and convictions having the lat-j which is to contract and limit neutral rights, ancl'l 
ter origin, the final act of punishment, bus, with which, if not resisted, would annihilate them, will! 
little, exception, been prevented by a sense o'" equity always have a strong bearing on the United States, [ 
and hum mity, or a dread of retaliation. It is con- 1 J?ut that policy will not stop here ; it will affect the 
ftdently believed that no instance can be found in 'interest of every country in Europe, and place them 



world. Wbat is the conditio* of ifoghod ? As be- 
tweeo us and Great Britain, there are many notions 
.)!' great power now in a newtraJ condition, Russia, 

Sweden, all Germany, Denmark, Prussia, Spain, for 
even she may be considered neutral, and perhaps 
Holland. Under the entire change in the circum- 
stances of Europe ought not the restrictive svstcm 
then to terminate } Indubitably— indubitably, he 
aid, because all the reasons which jnslifi-d and re- 
commended its continuance had ceased- Tt \ on- 
finally resorted' to m a pacific measure ; having- dr. 
clared war;, as a War measure it mb continued"' and 
\v;ts a forcible measure, because all Europe was shut 
against our enemy. All Europe being now open to 
her, that reason has ceased. Suppose we weit to 
persist in the measure. Docs any one believe that 
England will f^el the measure as she did when the 
continent was shut ? Certainly not. But in addition 
to that consideration, the fact is, that we are now 
contending- for free trade, and ought to propitiate as 
much as possible every nation which has the same 
interest as ourselves in its maintenance. Tn one 
word, .it is our interest to attach the friendship of 
Russia, Sweden, Holland, Denmark, and of all na- 
tions who have a deep interest in free trade, to the 
cause of America. Mr. C. felt a strong impression, 
that if we opened our ports to them, and the mari- 
time usurpations of Britain continued, they would 
in time make common cause with America ; that in 
time their weight would be thrown into the scale 
with us to counteract the policy of Britain. It would 
not be decorous or wise for the United States stand- 
ing up for the freedom of trade, to pursue a course of 
policy calculated to irritate those nations with whom 
we may have common cause. What had the empe* 
ror of Russia said in relation to our war with Britain, 
when apprized of it ? He had expressed his solicitude 
for trade with America and regreted that our differ- 
ence with G. Britain would interrupt it. This senti- 
ment he had expressed at the moment when all France 
and her ailie* marched against him, and he did not 
know how soon France would plant her standard in 
his capital. That sentiment must have still greater in- 
fluence with him now, when his enemy is repelled.-— 
The same feeling which governe&the emperor of Rus- 
sia in this reepect, must in a greater or less degree, 
as almost to have carried the question at that time.J£°vern every nation on the continent of Europe, whose 
1 But why was the system not then terminated ? The [interests are the same. In the proposition which had 
reasons woulcj be obvious to all who reverted to the 
circumstance of that time. The state of the world, 
which originally induced the system — which gave 
great energy to it, continued in its pristine vigor. — 
All Europe was still occluded to British commerce — 
the war between Russia and France had not broken 
' out— Russia had not then opened her ports to British 

This was then the governing motive which pre- 
vented the repeal of that system. Had the state of 
the world then been what it now is ; had ail the Eu- 
ropean world, France excepted, been open to Bri- 
tish commerce ; had there existed neutral nations on 
♦ha continent of Europe, of very great power and 
influence , Mr. C. said, had this state of things then 
, existed, there was the strongest reason to believe, 
from the small minority against the resolution of the 
1 gentleman from Massachusetts to which he had al- 
luded, the restrictive system would have been ter- 
minated by the war. As to his own views of that 
I; system, Mr. C. said he thought it ought to have ter- 
j minated in war earlier than it did. In this respect 
J he had disagreed with gentlemen on the othe,r side 
J of thehoiwe, with whom he had then voted. They 
wished for neither war nor restriction. IJflt, said 
Mr. Q. let us now attend to the present state of the 

' phore or less on the side of this country in resistance 
v > the commercial policy of England. It then be- 
comes a matter of policy to unite those countries, 
interested in the cause of free trade, in the struggle 
which we are obliged to make against the usurpa- 
tions of the enemy. In this point of view, the most 
liberal and generous policy ought to be pursued by 
us as to tile other powers of Europe, and particular- 
i ly to the great northern powers of Sweden and Rus- 
lp sia. But it might be said our past measures contra- 
dict this leading principle of policy. Mr. C. thought 
i not. The restrictive system sprung from an unusual 
f state of things ; it was a pacific policy arising from 
the extraordinary state of the world at the time we 
j embarked in it — and of course was a temporary 
f rather than a permanent policy. On looking back 
I to its origin, gentlemen "Would find it to be such as 
[he had stated. It originated at a moment when eve- 
iry power on the continent of Europe, was arrayed 
against Great Britain, and no country in Europe was 
Stiien interested in the support or defence of neutral 
! rights. There was scarcely a port in Europe, which, 
1 at the commencement of our restrictive system, was 
[not occluded to British commerce. In this state of 
things, the United States, in order to avoid war, not 
b iving taken the resolution at that time to declare 
war, resorted to the restrictive system — resorted to 
lit beoause the extraordinary state of the European 
[ world presented a prospect that the strong pressure 
lof this system on Great Britain might save the na- 
tion from a war into which we have since been reluc- 
tantly drawn. Such was the ch&Facter of the em- 
j bargo measure, originating from the posture of the 
j| world at that da}', when it was resorted to without 
lithe prospect of its producing an impression on any 
neutral power — for there were then no neutrals. — 
Gentlemen might say, that in this view of the re- 
i strictive system, it ought to have terminated at the 
commencement of the war. To be candid, Mr. C. 
I said, that was his opinion; and, when a motion was 
made by a gentleman fro*n Massachusetts to that 
effect, he (Mr. C.) had advocated it on the ground 
; that the restrictive policy Was opposed to war. — 

I That motion was not successful, but it was rejected 
i by a majority of one vote, so many members of the 

II republican party agreeing with him in that opinion, 

been made to France on the part of the allies, a so- 
licitude had been evinced on this subject, which if 
this country shews a disposition to extend the bene- 
fits of its commerce to the European continent, must 
have weight in the British cabinet. We ought never 
to forget, Mr. C. said, the reasons which had forest 
us into war. Anxious to maintain our neutral posi- 
tion and enjoy the benefits of neutral trade, we haA 
for years closed our eyes against the aggressions o\t 
the part of the enemy : suffnmce on our part had. 
provoked only further injury, which had forced us. 
to arms in defence of neutral rights and free trade,- 
Under this view of the subject he hoped this com*, 
m it tee would duly appreciate the necessity of con*, 
ciliating those nations whose interest* were now the 
same as ours, with whom ws bave now some trade, 
and in future may expect it to be greatly extended. 
But it might be said England would not permit this 
trade. To what situation, Mr. C. asked, would she; 
then be reduced? To an alternative the most auk- 
ward and perplexing. She must either keep up her 
present mere cruising or paper blockade of our sea- 
coast to prevent the entrance of those neutrals, or 
modify her system of paper blockade in favor of all 
neutrals. Will not a persistajice in her present ille* 
gittmate blockade, and capture at sea of neutral res* 


. -.>v\1 '.or the United States, irritate and vex 
th we nations, and detach them from the cause of 

Britain? [f on the other hand, she modifies 
her in their favor, we may carry on a lucra- 
ttx s tra ie to the continent of Europe not beneficial 
.-!. met, hut very much so to the United States. 
The very option which will thus be presented will 
embarras the British cabinet, and have a stronger 

:. to produce peace than ten years continu- 
ance of the present system, when the prospect of its 
producing' any pressure has become so very faint. — 
Mr. C said, he would ask of gentlemen on the same 
side of the house with himself, whether, if the re- 
strictive system were now off, there would be ten 
votes in the house in favor of putting it on ? He con- 


salvation, and any departure from it is leading cer- 
tainly to political perdition — and he did not believe 
any Sa.nt in the calender ever had a set of followers 
less disposed to troublesome enquiry than the fol 
lowers of this restrictive system. The authors of 
this system, however, had well understood its ob 
ject; the opposers of it also understood it — and that 
it had failed to effect its object, the late message of 
the president sufficient!}' proved. The character of 
the system, like that of many other things, would 
not be very well known or generally understood until 
it was destroyed. It was now passing off with ge- 
neral execration; its true features would now be dis- 
tinctly seen, its true character correctly understood. 
The opponents of this system had always told its 

tended there would not. If it were to expire on the friends, that it was not a system of policy truly A- 

merican. The house had now been told this was a 
system of measures connected with the affairs of Eu- 
rope which should fluctuate, and rise and fall with 
the politics of that country. This had been frequent- 
ly said by its opponents, but never before acknow- 
ledged by its friends. On what ground was the 

10th of the present month, would there be ten votes 
in fkvor of its renewal ? He believed not. If the 
house would in neither case embrace it under present 
circumstances, there was the strongest reason to pre- 
sume that in its judgment the restrictive system is 
not now operative and wise-' What 'then, he asked, 
w.-.s the objection to repealing it ? A regard to con- 
sistency. He knew, h.e said, that regard ought always 
to he had to that valuable trait in governments or 
men. But it was not the duty of men to regulate 
their conduct without any regard to events. True 
wisdom consists in properly adapting your conduct 
to circumstances. Two things may change our con- 
duct in any particular point ; a change of our own 
opinion or of exterior circumstances, which entirely 
change the reason of our former conduct. Men can- 
not always go straight forward, but must regard the 
obstacle which impedes their course. Inconsistency 
consists in a change of conduct when there is no 
change of circumstances which justify it. Those 
who adapt their conduct to a change of circum- 
Stances, act not inconsistently but otherwise. — 
They would be inconsistent if they persisted in a 
course of measures after the reasons which called 
for them had so changed as to require a course di- 
rectly the reverse. Mr. C. said he respected the 
firmness of many friends around him, because it in- 
dicated their determination to persevere in any sys- 
tem, and adhere to any measure which they believed 
the interest of their country to require. But ac- 
cording to the view which he had taken he did not 
view such a persistance in the restrictive system to 
be the dictate either of wisdom or sound policy. 
There were many other observations which he might 
make on this subject, which he should at present 
forbear to urge. As to the manufacturing interest, 
in regard to which some fears had been expressed, 
the resolution voted by the house yesterday, was a 
strong pledge that it wowld not suffer the manufac- 
turers to be unprotected in case of a repeal of the 
restrictive system. Mr. C. said he hoped at all times 
and under every policy they would be protected with 
due care. All further remarks he reserved until he 
should hear the objections to the bill. 

Mr. Webster of N. H. next took the floor. He 
was happy* he said, that it had fallen to his lot to be 
present at the office they were now about to perform, 
of reading the funeral obsequies of the restrictive 
system. He rejoiced in moderation, he felt a tem- 
perate exultation, that this system, which he con- 
ceived pernicious as to ourselves, and imbecileas to 
foreign nations, was about to be consigned to the 
tomb of all the Uipulets. He congratulated his- 
iri'-nds who had predicted this end, that they had 
Ijvd to see its existence terminate, &c. He went 
on to speak figuratively of the restrictive system-, 
whicii he said Was something like a system of faith, 
to be acted, not, to he deliberated on; it seemed to 
have been bettered to, he essentia} to our politic*! 

system now proposed to be given up but this — That 
the state of things created by the predominance of 
French power on the continent; of Europe has ceased, 
and the system which depended on it ought to cease 
alsoP That, in fact, no effect could be expected 
from it but by its co-operation with the views of 
France. Mr. W. said he should not now go into a 
view of the co-incidences which might be traced, 
or take this occasion to shew that the first embargo 
was laid at the commencement of the continental 
system in Europe. From the nature of things how- 
ever, the measure could have no effect but from 
such co-incidence. How was it to operate on Britain? 
By denying to her a market for her manufactures. 
What quantity of British manufactures did we an- 
nually consume? To what amount so to speak, did 
we refuse a market to her manufactures? In this 
point of view, he said, we consumed "about one 
twelfth of her product, or one sixth of her export, 
though the amount had been estimated much lower. 
Could it be supposed, that by refusing to purchase 
this small amount of her whole manufactures, we 

could compel her to comply with our terms? It 

could not be supposed that we could, whilst we at 
the same time deprived our own citizens of the mar- 
ket for the whole of their surplus produce. The 
truth however, was now acknowledged; the system 
had been introduced as a system of co-operation 
with France. [Mr. Calhoun "here asked what the 
gentleman meant by co-operation? In one sense he 
himself had not used it, and now denied its applica- 
tion.] Mr. Webster said he did not allude to the 
gentleman's speech particularly, but to say that the 
effect to be expected to be produced by the restric- ■ 
tive system was from its pressure operating at the; 
same "time and in the same manner with circumstan- 1 
ces in Europe. That was what he called co-opera- 1 
tion, viz. the denial of our market to England ope-' 
rating with and depending for its success on thel 
French policy prevailing in Europe. Now, Mr. m| 
said he objected to a system of policy depending on 
the fluctuation of affairs on the continent of Europe.: 
Let me ask, said he, if the people of this country,; 
from the first introduction of this system to this 
moment, have been apprized of this circumstance.' 
On the contrary, how much angry declamation had 
been heretofore caused by the assertion' of that fact! 
The people had been taught to believe that the ene- 
my would be made to feel the system by the opera- 
tion of its mere pressure. Yet the house was now 
told, it was to be abandoned, because the state ot 
things which was to render it effectual against the 
enemy, had ceased to exist. The great error of and 



objection to this system was, that it had a tendcn- and without regret.— Something- had indeed been 
cy to make the politics of this country dependent I said in the message in regard to double duties, 
on those of Europe, to make us fluctuate with the which were to guard the manufacturers from loss. 

current, of its affairs. The same reason which was 
now urged for the taking it oft", would prevail to 
cause its re-enactment if the allies should be driven 
beyond the Khine, Prussia and Germany reduced 
to terms, and the force of Russia be again driven 
into her "frightful climate*' — these reasons may 
perhaps be urged for re-enacting a system which 
it is now thought proper to abandon. Thus it was, 
that until this habit of connecting our politics with 

Mr. W. said he admonished every man in the nation 
not to Ik taken in by this intimation: The double 
duties would not be continued — he did not say they 
ought, put, if not, they ought not to be held out 
as likely to be continued- The proper measure 
would doubtless be a regulav tariff of duties, and 
not. rashly to double the duties on all. articles, on 
coffee, tea, and ether necessaries, in order to encou- 
rage the manufacture of woollens, uc. The mo- 
the atl'airs of Europe should be abandoned, we should ! me n't the purpose of affording revenue no longer 

not be an independent people. 13 y the sudden fall 
of this system thousands would necessarily be ruin- 
ed, as others were in its commencement. There 
was nothing so objectionable in a commercial coun- 
try as the habit of frequent and violent changes of 
policy. It was however a fact too notorious, that 
there was a class of men in this country to whom 
violent change was acceptable; men, who looked 
upon whatever was uncommon to be wise or great. 
There was therefore no calculating on the course of 
the government — there was not a time, for the last 
two years, when a person could calculate on the per- 
manence of its policy for a moment beyond the pre- 
sent. What made "it worse was, that the true 
standard by which the politics of the government 
had been managed, had never been told to the peo- 
ple. On the contrary, they had been led to believe, 
by the friends and supporters of the administration, 
that the politics of Europe had nothing to do with 
our measures, and the standard by which others 
adjudged them was declared to be unjust and un- 

Who could have imagined that the restrictive 
system would have been abandoned so suddenly ? 
raj the people had been told it would be abandoned 
when the power of France was crushed, they 
Would have understood it and acted accordingly. 
Mr. W. referred to the president's message of 
Dec. last ; to the bill which passed this house for 
more effectually enforcing the non importation act, 
S by introducing a novel principle into our laws, and 

I departing from all established rules of law; to the 
||ibill which came from the senate, and was now be- 
1 1 fore this house, for prohibiting the importation of 
| any article which might have come from English 
,: possessions; to the recent decision agairast Paul 
| Cuffee's bill, and against the transportation by wa- 
iter of lime for the use of his houseless constituents, 

| j lest they should violate the embargo — to show how 
; j rigidly this system had been upheld until the very 
j moment that the message crime, into the house re- 
| commending its repeal. He adverted also to the 
(legislative addresses now on the table approving of 
the measure ; and to those which, though in exist- 
ence had not been presented, having arrived a lit- 
, tie too late. A government subject to such sudden 
'changes was not competent to manage the affairs of 
'a great nation. There were many other very im- 
portant considerations connected with this change 

I I in our policy. The people had been told that this 
's system had a great tendency to promote infant 

manufactures, that if it did nothing else but induce 
' J the habit of providing for our own wants by our own 
i: means, it would be a blessing. How often had this 
consideration been enforced 1 And yet those who 
understand the system did not hesitate to tell the 
| people that the moment the policy of the govern- 
1 ment required it, the manufacturers would be sa- 
crificed with as little hesitation as the merchants 
had been: that the same unsparing hand would pros- 
trate both— that the manufactures as well as mer 
chants would be Suffered to fall without renwse 

required them, the double duties would be abolish- 
ed, lie repeated. What was the duty of a govern- 
ment in respect to its policy ? That it should be 
regular, not variable. With respect to manufac- 
tures, Mr. W. thought it necessary to speak with 
some precision. He was an enemy to rearing ma- 
nufactures or any other interest in a hot-bed ; he 
would not legislate too rashly in relation to them. 
All manufactures compatible with the interest' of 
the country ought to be fostered; but for one he 
never wished to see a Sheffield or a Birmingham in 
this country. He spoke of the evils of extensive 
manufactories, &c. and to populous towns. He 
wished to let the different pursuits of society take 
their own course, and not give excessive bo"untics 
or preferences to one over another. The true spirit 
of the constitution did not confer the power on go- 
vernment to change the habits of whole sections of 
the country, but t® grant protection to all sections 
of it to pursue their own avocations, which ought 
to be encouraged but not forced. He hoped on this 
atton other points, to see the government returning 
to an honorable and correct course. At the aban- 
donment of the embargo he rejoiced ; and should, 
still further, when the government should pursue a 
permanent system, announce its policy to the people, 
pursue measures on its own strength; and not subject 
us to tlie power and will of foreign nations. . 

Thursday, April 7 —Mr. M 'Kim of Md. moved to 
strikeout the second section of the bill (which re- 
peals the several non-importation acts.) 

The question having been stated — 

Mr. M'Kim said the bill contained two distinct 
principles; the one to repeal the restrictions on ex- 
ports, the other to repeal the restrictions on imports. 
All the arguments which he had heard in support of 
the bill went entirely to the first part of it, that 
•which proposed to repeal the prohibition of exports. 
These arguments, he said, were intelligible to his 
mind. When he was told that the embargo locks 
up our exports, paralyzes the industry of tlie coun- 
try; that under it our citizens cannot even move 
their property from one section of the community to 
another; that even a few loads of lime for building 
cannot be carried from one part of a state to another, 
nor can a vessel be removed which is caught, by tlie 
embargo, even though it is evidently exposed to 
destruction by the enemy; and that such a measure 
operating so severely, ought not to be continued 
without the greatest necessity or unless some cor- 
respondent benefit results from it — when these tilings 
were said, Mr. M'Kim could see the full force of 
this reasoning, and admit that such a state of things 
ought not to be continued; and therefore, although 
he could see advantages resulting from the embargo, 
he believed he could make up ins mind to vote for 
the repeal of that measure. The embargo, however, 
was a measure which prohibited aU exports, the non**" 
importation was of a different character, prohibiting 
the importation of goods the growth and manufac- 
ture of the enemy only. Excepting these, our ports 
were now open to the admission of the produce of 

1 26 


the whole world. What extraordinary necessity What was the encouragement which they now r 

Mas there to repeal the prohibition of imports of 
X>r.:. -h goods? 1*> we experience any suffering from 
t iie prohibition? We coi obtain every thing- we want 
from the ports of the other nations of the world, and 
he saw no necessity for calling- in the products of the 
enemy to our aid. lie felt unwilling* to make the 
acknowledgment to the enemy that w© cannot exist 
JwilhniAt her products. "Seeing no' reason why this 
resu-ietion should be removed, and not believing any 
solid reason could be given, he said he would advert 
to some of the evils winch he believed would result 
from it. 

From the restrictions on commerce imposed by 
the aggressions of the enemy, and by the acts of 
our government, many of our citizens had been 
obliged to seek support from new means of employing 

Much of the capital 
usually employed in 

their industry to advantage* 

and industry of our citizens 

commerce, lud f -om the operation of these circum- 
stances oecn diverted to manufactures. Although 
in his opinion, Mr. M'Kim said, the duties now im- 
posed on imports are abundantly sufficient in all or- 
dinary times for the protection of manufactures, he 
doubted Whether they were sufficient to support that 
interest against the shock which would be felt by 
letting in upon them, without restraint, a flood of 
Ihv.icei manufactures. The manufactures of Great 
Britain have been, metaphorically speaking, dammed 
up, for several years past. If they were let loose up- 
on our Infant establishments with their superior ca- 
pital and strength, he feared our manufacturing in- 
stitutions would be much disturbed, if not over- 
thrown. He did not believe the double duties would 
be sufficient to guard them, though he admitted 
they were sufficient and more than sufficient in 
ordinary times for the purpose. If there were any 
necessity, however, for the proposed repeal of the 
exusting- prohibitions of importation, he might vote 
tor it; but he should be giad to know what was the 
necessity which called forth this provision of the bill. 
What was the necessity, he repeated. Are we suf- 
fering for clothing- or for any articles which we have 
been in the habit of obtaining from Great Bri- 
tain? He believed not, and therefore conceived it 
unwise to run the hazard which would result from 
this experiment. He admitted, that if necessary to 
pass such a provision, the interest of the manufac- 
turers was a consideration subordinate to the general 
r;ood; though ke must remark that it. was proved by 
the returns of the marshals in 1810, which however 
inaccurate were the best data we could resort to, 
that the domestic manufactures of the United States 
amounted to about two hundred nritlkms of dollars. 
Too exports from the United States in domestic pro- 
duce, in the most favorable years, had not exceeded 
sixty millions of dollars, It hence resulted that the 
manufacturing was more important to the amount of 
Its productive industry than the agricultural inte- 
rest. At least an hundred millions of our manufac- 
turers had found a market at our own door, a mar- 
|; - . not liable to spoliations or vexations by any ene- 
my. Tii is statement of the value of our internal 
manufactures ought to induce the agricultural inte- 
• n this house and in tbe nation, which must 
derive so important a benefit from them, to reflect 
Wejl on the expediency of any measure which might 
have * tendency to injure our growing manufactures. 
fChesd considerations induced him to believe that an 
enlightened policy did not require the government 
at thtfl lime to remove the restrictions oi» the impor- 
tation of British manufactures. 

Mr. Calhoun of S. C. said, he hoped the motion 
not prevail. He thought the gentleman was 

ceived from the government ? The ad valorem Unties 
now averaged about 53 1-3 per cent. Most of the 
importations being in neutral bottoms, the discrimi- 
nating duty of 10 per cent, on such importations in 
foreign vessels would make it 43 per cent, and when 
were added to this the freight and other expenses 
incident to a state of war, the actual duty on foreign 
and premium to domestic manufactures could not be 
Jjess than jiffy per cent. Was it wise to extend to our 
manufacturers further encouragament than this ? 
During a state of war, too great a stimulus was na- 
turally given to manufacture* — a stimulus so great 
that it could not be expected to be continued in a 
time of peace ; and when peace comes, come when 
peace will, the vicissitude which manufacturers 
must experience will be much greater and injurious 
to them, if besides the double duties the restrictive" 
system were retained, than it ought or would other- 
wise be. The great requisite to the due encourage- 
ment of manufactures now was, that certain manu- 
factures in cottons and woolens, which have kindly 
taken root Tn our soil, should have a moderate but 
permanent protection ensured to them. He knew 
not how that object could be better effected than by 
the scheme of establishing a new tariff of duties 
which this house had shewn a determination to 
adopt. To continue the present non-importation 
system merely to protect manufactures, wnen they 
received already so much protection, would be dan- 
gerous instead of being beneficial to them. Another 
circumstance that he had adverted to now operated 
to encourage manufactures — the heavy expenditure 
for the clothing of our army. The government 
could and did regulate those expenditures as far as 
possible for the encouragement of manufactures. 
Having replied to the main point of the gentleman*s 
argument, he would not follow him through the 
whole of his remarks. As to her manufactures, Mr. 
C. said, that all Europe was open to the enemy. The 
very circumstance of" this demand for her manufac- 
tures, which destroys the efficacy of our non-impor- j 
tation system, by enhancing their price in the British 
market, would furnish additional encouragement to 
our manufactures. Could it be expected under the 
present circumstances of the world, that our non-im- 
portation, violated as it constantly was by smuggling 
and simulated papers, could produce much effect ? 
He believed not. All the arguments he had yester* 
day urged applied as forcibly to this provision of the 
bill as to that which contemplated a repeal of the 
embargo. He hoped all the provisions of the bill 
would be permitted to share tiie same fate. 

Mr. M'Kim said he had admitted, when up before, 
that the double duties would be abundantly sufficient 
encouragement to manufactures in ordinary "times ; 
but whenever British manufactures are let in, he be- 
lieved tliey would not only break down the manufac- 
turers, but the importers also. 

He had seen times like that which he apprehend- 
ed at the close of the last war, when an inundation 
of British goods flowed in. Mr. M. said he wanted 
to hear some of the reasons explained why we should 
declare to the enemy that we cannot live without 
her manufactures. The double duties, he repeated, 
were a sufficient protection in general to manufac- 
tures ; but until our manufactures acquired greater 
strength, he did not wish to see them subjected to 
the pressure they would experience from a repeal of 
the non-importation. 

Mr. Calhoun :;aid that to the last part of the gen- 
tleman's argument, the answer was decisive. It was 
well known that there v/as nothing more difficult to 
than a non-importation law, as well by di- 


execute than a non-importation law, as w 
K.istaken in supposing that our infant manufacturing rect smuggling as by false papers. This bazar 
v- 1 it|tt '■'■-. ■ would be embarrassed by this measure, ought 

not to be encountered, unless there was a pros* 



Jtect of vei'y pttverfltl good to result from it. Air. 
C. contended that no such prospect existed now. — 
Whatever it might have been formerly, there was no 
chance of decisive effect from this system now ; all 
Europe being open (o British manufactures. Such 
besides was the difficulty of executing 1 such a sys- 
tem, that the president had the present session re- 
commended the prohibition entirely of certain arti- 
cles known to be produced in Great Britain, the 
smuggling of which was so difficult to be prevented, 
that it could not be done unless their importation 

Air. risk of Vt. maved "that a coimrittee be ap- 
pointed to enquire into the expediency of so amend- 
ing the judicial system as to give to the coufysof 
the United States exclusive jurisdiction in all caves 
arising under the revenue laws, with leave to report 
by bill or otherwise 

Air. F. said that yery lately a new practice had 
arisen in some of the states. Whenever the collec- 
tors were making seizures, the states were interfer- 
ing so as to interrupt the opera! ion of the revenue 
laws, lie knew one, where fifty-six writs 

was also prohibited from all other parts of the world, j had been served on one of the collectors in one week 

The question on striking out the 2d section of the 
bill tv'as decided as before inserted. 

Proceedings of Congress. 


Yeas and nays on the question of postponing inde 

finitely the bill to prohibit the exportation of 


YEAS.— Me»srs. Baylies, of Mass. Bigelow, Boyd, Bradbury, 
Bradley, Breckciiridge, Brigham, Butler, Caperton, Champion, 
Cliappeil, Cdley, Cooler, Cox, Culpepper, Ely, Farrow, Forney, 
Forsytke, Gaston, Geddes, CioJdsborough, Grosvenor, Grundy, 
Hale, Hanson, Jackson of It. I. Kennedy, Kent of N. Y. Kerr, 
Kershaw, King of Mass. Lewis, Lovett, Lowndes, Miller, Mofiitt, 
Markell, Pearson, Picks-ring, Pitkin, Potter, John Reed, William 
Reed, Rich, Ridgely, Ruggles, Seybert, Shelley, Smith of S". Y. 
Stanford, Stuart, Slurges, Tagtjart, Tallmadge, Thompson, Troup, 
Vose, Wavd of Mass. Wheaton, Wilcox, Wilson of Mass. Winter— 63. 

NAYS.— Messrs. Alexander, Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bard, 
Barnett, Beall, Bowen, Brown, Calhoun, Clark, Clopton, Comstoek, 
Conard, Crawford, Creighton, Crouch, Cuthbert, Davis of Penn. 
Desha, Duvall, Eppes, Fmdley, Gholson, Goodwyn, Griffin, Hawes, 
Hawkins, Humphreys, Hungerford, Ingersoll, Johnson of Va* 
Johnson of Ken. Kent of Md. Kilbourn, Lcfferts, Lyle, M ; Coy, 
M'Clean, Montgomery, Moore, Nelson, Qrmby, Parker, Pickins, 
Piper, Pleasants, Rea of Perm. Rhea of Tenn. Roane, Sage, Sharp, * "*" "' 
Smith of Va. TamieliiH, Taylor, Udree, Ward of N. J. Wilson of attorney- 

and in the state which he had the honor in patt 
to represent, the collectors had been much harras*- 
ed. If this system, could be persisted in with impu- 
nity, the revenue laws would be a dead letter. The 
state courts might levy on property seized for taxes 
and, where such a disposition prevailed, entirely de- 
feat the operation of the laws of the United States.^ 
It was never the design, certainly of the framers of 
the constitution to leave the country in such a state 

After some incidental conversation, not affecting 
the principle involved in it. 

The motion was agreed to by a majority of 20 or 
33 votes. 

Friday, April 15.— The engrossed bill making ad- 
ditional appropriations for the support of govern- 
mentfor the year 1814 ; and the engrossed bill to 
amend the act laying duties on licences to retailers 
(which this day passed through a committee of the 
whole') were read a third time, passed and sent to 
the senate for concurrence. 

The bill requiring the permanent residence of the 
al of the United Suites at the seat of 

Penn. Wright— 60 

Thursday, April 14 — Air. King of Alass. after some 
Remarks submitted the following resolution : 

"Resolved, That the committee on foreign relations 
?e and they are hereby instructed to enquire into the 
\xpediency of repealing an act passed on the 2d day 
' August, 1313, entitled, 'an act to prohibit the 
;e of licences or passes granted by authority of the 

tited kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,' and 
tat they have leave to report by bill or otherwise." 

pie house having agreed to consider the same, an 
avmated debate of nearly four hours took place, and 
tliyeas and nays being called on the adoption of the 
sale were as follows : 

, X AS.— Messrs. Baylies of Mass. Boyd, Bradbury, Brecken- 
i'ldi Brigham, Caperton, Cliappeil, Cilley, Cooper, Cox, Chlpep- 
perbavt-nport, Ely, Gaston, Goldsborough, Grosvenor, Hale, 
Jaclbn of R. I. Kent of Md. King of Mass. Law, Lewis, Lovett, 
Mill! Moffitt, Moseley, Markell, Oakley, Pearson, Pickering, 
Pitld W. Reed, Ridgely, Ruggles, ShefFey, Smith of N. H. Smith 
o* N\Y. Strong, Stuart, St urges, Tallmadge, Thompson, Vose, 
Ward£Mass. Wheaton, White, Wilcox, Winter, Wright-49. 

NAfi.— Messrs. Alexander, Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bard, 
BarneV Bowen, Bradley, Butler, Caldwell, Clark, Comstoek, 
Condii Canard, Crawford, Creighton, Crouch, Cuthbert, Davis oi 
Penn. l tS ha, Duvall, Eppes, Farrow, Findley, Fisk of Vt. Forney, 

iorsyti Franklin, Ghoisoti. Goodwyn, Gourdin, Griffin, Grundy, 
Hall, Hrris, Hashrouck, Hawes, Hawkins, Humphreys, Hunger- 
ford, InWsoll, Irwin, Irving, Johnson of Ken. Johnson of Va. 
Kenned! Kerr, Kershaw, King of N. C. Lefferts, Lowndes. Lyle, 
Macon, V'Coy, M'Kim, M'Lean, Montgomery, Moore, Murfree, 
Nelson, Vniby, Parker, Piper. Pleasants. Rea of Pen. Rhea of 
Pen. Ritgold, Roan, Robertson, Sage, Sevier, Sevbcrt, Sharp, 
Suuth ofVa. Stanford, Tannehill, Taylor, Telfair, Troup, 
Udree— 8l 

£Mr. Jeall of Ohio, who was accidently out of the 
house wien the vote was taken, declared his inten- 
tion co Ijave voted in the negative.] 

So the resolution was rejected, and the house took 
up tie engrossed bill to authorise the purchase of 
the vessels captured fiom the enemy on lake Erie— 
a billfor the augmentation of the marine corps — a bill 
to alow compensation for horses owned by militia or 
volunteers, killed in the service; all which were 
passel without opposition, and sent to the senate 

The bill relating 

%th houses. 

government was passed, and sent to the senate, y^ 
The house then by a very close vote of 47 to $ 3, 
refused to extend Oliver Evans's patent for steam 

The bill respecting a national bank was indefinite- 
ly postponed. 

The bill for the relief of John D. Hay (relieving 
him from the payment of 355 dollars, being the 
amount of money belonging to the post-office, which 
was, together with all liis other property, consumed 
by a fire, in which he lost also three infant children) 
passed through a committee of the whole, was or- 
dered to be read a third time, read accordingly, 
passed, and sent to the senate for concurrence. 

A bill to allow to the pavmaster-general of the 
armies of the United State* $2,000 per annum, was 
passed to a third reading. J 

Saturday, April 16.— The amendments of the se- 
nate to the important bill which went from this 
house, to amend the law relating to calling out the 
militia, &c. were taken up and concurred in. 
Many bills were passed— see list of laws. 
The following message was received from the pre- 
sident of the United States by Mr. Edward Coles 
his secretarv : 

To the House of Representatives of the United States. 
I transmit to the house of representatives :. re- 
port of the secretary of state complying with their 
resolution of the 13th instant. JAMES MADISON. 
The secretary of state, to whom was referred the 
resolution of the house of representatives of the 13th 
instant, requesting information touching our rela- 
tions with France, has the honor to submit to the 
president an extract of a letter from the minister 
plenipotentiary of the United States at I\uus, which 
contains the latest, and the only material, informs 
Lion received by this department on that suoject. 
All which is respectfully submitted. 

to the flotilla service has passed I 




Extract cf a letter from JHr. Crawford to t/wsecrcta- 

.-■;/ of stale, 

" Pahis, Jan. 16, 1814. 
" On the 29th nit. I had an interview with the mi- 
nister of exterior relations, who informed me that 
he had made a detailed report of the negotiation, 
and that lie would inform me of his majesty's deci- 
sion, the moment it should be made known to him. 
His conversation during this interview was as con- 
ciliatory as it could be, and his expressions, though 
still general, admitted that indemnity was determin- 
ed up\m. The address of the senator count Segur 
to the inhabitants of the 18lh military division of the 
empire, published in the Moniteur of the 15th insu 
stated that his majesty was going to place himself 
at the head of his troops. Knowing that I should 
not b^ able to advance a single step in the negocia- 
tion during his absence, unless he should before his 
departure from Paris decide upon the classes of 
cases for which indemnity should be made, 1 deter- 
mined to address a note to the duke of Vicence, with 
a view to, impress more strongly upon his mind the 
necessity of an immediate decision. 

" The day on which I intended to present this note 
I was informed that the duke of Vicence had set out 
from P-u-is at 4 o'clock, A. 31. for the head-quarters 
of the two emperors, which was then said to be in 
Switzerland. The general impression at Paris that 
day was that the emperor would set out immediately 
for Mentz, where his army of reserve has been form- 
ing ever since he crossed the Rhine. This circum- 
stance induced me to believe that the note would 
not produce any good effect ; I therefore determined 
not to present it. The emperor is still in Paris, and 
1 regret extremely that I did not adhere to my first 
determination, notwithstanding the absence of the 
minister of foreign relations. From the situation of 
affairs here, it is impossible to foresee the delays to 
which this perplexing business will yet be subject. 
In the first and only interview which I had with the 
duke of Bassaho, he said expressly that the obstacles 
which his absence had thrown in the way of the ne- 
gociation should not occur again. Two months have 
now elapsed before the same obstacles are present." 
The amendment of the senate to the bill authoris- 
ing the purchase of the vessels captured on Lake Erie 
(allowing to captain Perry 5,000 dollars in addition 
to the share of ihe prize money allowed him by law) 
passed through a committee of the whole, aud was 
concurred in. 

[The reason of this amendment was stated by Mr. 
Lowndes to be, that although captain Perry was in 
:'act commander of the fleet on Lake Erie, he would, 
according to the construction given to the law, only 
he entitled to his share as commander of the particu- 
lar vessel on board of which he fought.] 

Mr. Archer of Md. presented the petition of one 
hundred and sixty American citizens prisoners of 
war on board the prison ship at Nassau, N. P. pray- 
ing that means may be taken to effect their speedy 
release. Referred to the commissary general "of pri- 

The unfinished business (relative to the bill for 
payment for property destroyed by the enemy) was 
laid over by general consent. 

The bill From the senate to authorise the secretary 
of state to liquidate certain claims therein mention- 
ed, (of those who took possession of West Florida 
before the United States interposed its arm to occu- 
py the s;ime)was twice read, and then, at the instance 
oi Mr. Robertson of Lou. was read a third time and 

Mi-. Miller of X. Y. rose to submit a motion on the 
. ubject of an 'enquiry into the manner in which the 
\ $r has been conducted, lie would nut now say any 

thing in favor of this motion, in addition to what 
had already been urged on this subject during the 
present session, unless merely to add that the recent 
occurrences on the northern frontier offered an ad- 
ditional reason why the enquiry should take place 
Tlie motion he made was in the following words : 

" lie solve d t That a committee be appointed to en- 
quire into the causes of the failure of our arms on 
the northern and northwestern frontier, and that said 
committee have leave to sit during the recess of the 
house, and that they have power to send for persons 
and papers. 

On the question of proceeding now to consider the 
resolution, the votes having been taken by yeas and 
nays, on suggestion of Mr. Troup of Geo. was as 
lows : » 

YEAS.— Messrs. Bradbury, Bradley, Cooper, Gaston, Geddes, 
Grosveuor, Hale, Hall v Hanson, Hungerfoid, Jackson of R. I.. 
Lewis, Lovett, Macon, Miller, Montgomery, Oakley, Parker, 
Pearson, Potter, Ridgely, Ruggles, Sheffey, Sherwood, Smith oi! 
N. Y. Stanford, Vose, White, Wilcox— 29. 

NAYS.— Messrs. Alexander, Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bard, 
Beall, Bowen, Butler, Caperton, Calhoun, Cilley, Clark, Clopton, 
Comstock, Creighton, Crouch, Culpepper, Davis of Penn. D*_-slia. 
Eppes, Farrow, Findley, Fisk of Vt. Forsythe, Franklin, Gholson v 
Goodvvyn, Geurdin, Griffin, Grundy, Harris, Hawes, Hawkins. 
Humphreys, Irving, Johnson of Ken. Kennedy, Kent of Md. Kerr, 
Kilbourn, King of N. C. Lefferts, Lowndes, Lyle, M'Coy, M'Lean, 
Moore, Nelson, Ormsby, Pickens, Piper, Pleasants, Rea of Penn. 
Rhea of Ten. Roane, Robertson, Sage, Sevier, Seyuert, Sharp, 
Smith of Va. Strong, Tannehill, Taylor, Telfair, Troup, Wilson 
of Penn. Wright— 68. 

So the house refused now to proceed to consider 
the said. 

After passing a bill to increase the salaries of the 
secretary of the senate, and of the clerk of the 
house of representatives, a committee was appoint- 
ed, as usual, to wait on the president and inform him 
that the session was about to close, which having re- 
ported that he had no further communications to 
make to the house, and having received back the 
bills that had been left with the president for his, 
signature, the house adjourned sine die, 


Gotten burg. — A letter from Bordeaux, dated t~- 
5th of March, states that our commissioners bd 
been met at Got'tenburg; by the British comrc^- 
sioners, and that peace was expected. (Tj* Mes'S- 
Clay and Russell could not have arrived at tat 
place until about the middle of March, but is 
very possible that Messrs, Adams, Gallatin nd 
Bayard may have received such instructions bythe 
Bramble as enabled them to enter on a negocidon 
there. The Bramble arrived in England ear? hi 

Portsmouth. — Accounts have been receivd at 
Portsmouth N. H. that appear to be relied upo, sta- 
ting that a British force of three 74's and a nmber 
of frigates, is fitting out set Halifax for the prpose 
of destroying the 74 building there. As ther is no 
neutrality in that town, and some time has ben al- 
lowed to prepare for the reception of the eneiy, we 
trust he will have a -warm reception. The itizens. 
•will not give up the ship. 

OoTA large enemy squadron has been sine* seen in 
the neighborhood. 

Saukktt'sHakboh. — Navy and army ordeis. — The 
commanding officers of the army, from recmt infor- 
mation, know that the enemy have spies in aad alpout 
the harbor. 

To detect and bring them to punishment id the 
duty of every good aud honest citizen. 

Any person or persons who will apprehend and 
caufee them to be prosecuted to conviction thrnigh 
the commanding officer of ihe navy or army, shall W» 
ceive/n;e hundred dollars. 




Every officer in the navy and army is ordered to 

apprehend all suspicious persons and every citizen is 

earnestly requested to report such persons to thi 

navy or army, that thev may be immediately secured. 

ISAAC CHAUNCEY, Commodore, &c 

J. HINDMAN, Can. detach. (J. 

Extract of orders — SacketCs Harbor, April 7. 

« Sin— You are hereby noticed, that upon the first 
appearance of the enemy with design to attack, your 
house will be destroyed. 

" You must be aware, sir, that this order proceeds 
only from the good of the service, your house being 
contiguous to "our defences. The "government will 
no doub,t, remunerate you for any losses you may 
sustain in the destruction of your- house. 

J. HINDMAN, Com. detach. U. S. army. 

The eoax— The late act of congress authorises 
the president to borrow a sum not exceeding twenty- 
five millions for the service of the year 1814. For 
10 millions of this, the books will be opened at the 
nice of the treasury until the 2d of May, ensuing, 
gA the rules prescribed by the secretary. This sub- 
ject is incidentally mentioned to say, that in Boston 
certain brokers having proposed to collect sub- 
criptions, have promised "secrecy" as hough it were 

criminal to be the friend of the United States! 

Indeed, so powerful is the British interest in some 
parts of the union among the mercantile class, that 
i man must possess great fortitude to avow, and a 
>ound capital to support himself, as the enemy of 
England. This inte.est has often shaken the pub- 
lic counsels; but we trust, that in the manufacturing 
slass we shall s.oon have an antidote to their poison, 
he late proceedings at Washington, to the contrary 
lotwithstanding. The good seed is sown, and though 
:he enemy may mingle tares with it, a discerning 
public shail separate them. 

Retaliation. As. every thing that is opposed to 
British practice or enemy views, is pronounced some- 
thing new, strange or Frenchified, by those who 
enow better, the following article on retaliation is 
exceedingly apt to the times. We are indebted for 
t to the researches of the editor of the (N. Y.) Na- 
tional Advocate — it is an official notification of the 
British government, by lord Mulgravg : 

""Downing-su-ecrt November 28, 1795. 

A decree having 1 been published by the French 
lirectory, declaring, that all persons, natives of or 
>riginally belonging" to neutral countries, or coun- 
ties in alliance with France, who may form a part 
>f the crews of any of the king's ships of war, or 
my other British vessels, shall be considered and 
Lreated as pirates ; his majesty has directed it to be 
signified to the commissary for the French prisoners 
m Great Britain, that if this decree shall, in any in- 
stance, be carried into effect against any such per- 
sons, taken in any vessels, the property of his majes- 
ty or of his majesty's subjects, and navigated under 
uhe British flag, it is his majesty's determination to exer- 
cise the most vigorous retaliation against the subjects 
|ff,llie French republic, whom the chance of war has 
low placed, or may hereafter place at the king's 

More or retaliation. — The enemy often puts 
jiis friends in the United States to the blush, by the 
I'bandonment of practices that they (the said friends) 
pertainly prove, or at least most loudly declare, to 
be the law of nations. It is no matter that Great 
writain has frequently done the same thing that we 
j.lo, it is not the less a French measure, a novelty to 
fife law and an outrage of humanity, on that account, 
iid' it operates against said Britain. As to natura 
fixation, expatriation, retaliation "and all that," all 
bthers than the most stupid of what lord Casllereagh 
palls "the British party in America" very well 

know, that the laws, usages and customs of the ene- 
my are in no respect essentially dillerent from our 
own; but, indeed, are more lax in the first and mon 
rigid in the latter than we have assumed ; but it 
does not suit their views that the truth should I) 
told, and they deny it so often and so sturdily, that 5 
really believe they work thenrielves sometimes 
into a notion that they are in earnest! As to 
retaliation, it was a principle of Washington-. 
and that might have preserved it from denunciation 
by his followers, if they were other than hypocrites. 
(See his correspondence with general Gage in \775 t 
and recollect the case of AsgillJ — and the preceding 
article also shews it is a principle of the British 
government itself; which may also be proved by a 
host of documentary facts. But it appears that that 
government has acknowledged the right and justice 
oi' our retaliation; for, since colonel Letifis and major 
Madison were released at Quebec and have arrived 
at Washington, orders have been given for the din- 
charge, on parole, ftvith leiwe to return Ho Canada, J 
of all the officers tve held in custody as hostages for the 
safety of our citizens* His excellency sir George 
JPrevost or his royal highness the prince regent, lias 
placed his "friends" in a very awkward predicameri 1 . 
If they had read the debates on otjr loan bill, it is pro- 
bable they -would have been convinced of the justice 
and propriety of putting to death those they had se- 
lected for execution! 


Brig. gen. Porter, of the United States army, is 
appointed to the command of Norfolk. ' .id its depen- 
dences, and is probably now on that dirty. 

General Wilkinson. — The (Phila.) Democratic 
Press, says, a court martial is detailed, and is to 
meet on the 2bth inst. on lake George, at such place' 
as the president may direct [for the trial of general 
Wilkinson.'} The president of the court, is major- 
general Izard ; the members are brigadiers-g-enerai 
M 'Arthur and Gaines, and colonels R;pley and King ; 

supernumeraries, colonels Lamed and -. 

Judge advocate, lieut. col. Wm. S. Hamilton. We 
further learn, that if the general shall object to the 
court, as being composed of too few members, it 
shall be adjourned, until after the campaign, and 
then assemble in New York, Philadelphia or Balti- 
more, as shall be most agreeable to gen. Wilkinson, 

The brevet rank of lieut. coi. has been cpnferfed 
on major Forsyth, of the 1st rifle regiment, and the 
brevet rank of major on captain Holmes, of the 24th 

Colonel Lewis and major Madison, lately prisoners 
of war at Quebec, arrived at Washington a few days 
ago. Report says "they are charged with des- 
patches from governor Prevost, for the secretary of 
state, probably relating to an armistice." 

A Chilicothe paper says, a report lias obtained 
credit that general Harrison has tendered his resig- 
nation to the war department. Also that cols. Ev.uu 
and Warrington and major Muir, British prisoners' 
of war, have obtained permission to proceed to Can; - 
da for three months, on their parole to return if not 

The Plattsburg Republican, of the 9th inst. gives 
us to understand the following as the then disposi- 
tion of our forces. Gen. Wilkinson, with brigadie:- 
general Smith, and the rifle corps at Champlain. — 
General Macomb at Burlington. General Bisjsel af 
Plattsburg. These movements were made in conse- 
quence of information received that the enemy's flo- 
tilla wOuld be ready to sail in 4 or 5 days, the lake 

*We have this from the "Whig" of yesterday. It 
is a fact; and from it we apprehend that the whole 
aflair is abandoned on both sides. 




being clear of ice. It is to the credit of gen. /r<7-,pedition to the Tallapoosie. I reached the bend 
fcmsonth&t he appears u> have obtained the conn- ! near Emucfau (called by the whites the Horse Shoe) 

deoceof the people on this frontier 
Tar. cukek ixiiiAX 

■ bout ten o'clock in the forenoon of yesterday, where 

The following gives us an I found the strength of the neighboring towns col- 
account of tlio most decisive victory ever obtained lected : expecting our approach, they had gathered 
over the Indians of North America. When to its m from Oakfuskee, Oakchaga, New Yaucan, Hilli- i 

immediate effects, we take into consideration what 
may be accomplished by the tivo other bodies of 
troops in the country, viz. the Carolinians on one 

bees, the Fish Pond and Eufaulee towns, to the | 
number it is said of 1000. It is difficult to conceive { 
a situation more eligible for defence than they had ' 
side, and the force under general Claiborne on the! chosen, or one rendered more secure by the skill 
other, the war may be. regarded as finished. It has .with which they had erected their breastwork. It 
thus far been a war of extermination, and perhaps,"*! was from 5 to 8 feet high, and extended across the! 
must close with destruction, to prevent a recurrence! point in such a direction, as that a force approaching 

of the horrible massacres with which it began. The 
tragedy at fort Jlfitjis — where to the murder of wo- 
men and children, was superadded deeds too savage 
record — cannot be obliterated; and it seems just, 
that they who, without provocation or cause for com- 
plaint, so conducted themselves, should be swept 
from the face of the earth. Bat this is a dreadful 

The war with the Creeks was of pure British ori- 
gin — got up by that unfeeling nation to make a "di- 
version" of our force, with a perfect knowledge that 
it would begin by massacre and finish in exiermina- 
tion ; for the Creeks had no hope to escape the pu- 
nishment of their ingratitude. But what does Eng- 
land care for tenor fifteen thousand lives? What is 

it would be exposed to a double fire while they lay 
in perfect security behind. A cannon planted at one 
extremity could have raked it to no advantage. 

Determining to exterminate them, I detached ge- 
neral Coffee with the mounted men and nearly the 
whole of the indian force, early on the morning of 
yesterday to cross the river about two miles below 
their encampment, ;\nd to surround the bend in such 
a manner, as that none of them should escape by at- 
tempting to cross the river. With the infantry I 
proceeded slowly and in order, along the point of 
land which led to the front of their breastwork ; 
having planted my cannon (one six and one three 
pounder) on an eminence at the distance of 150 to 

who had accompanied general Coffee, crossed oveir 
in canoes to the extremity of the bend, and set fire-J 
to a few of the buildings which were there situated; 

our the enemy behind it. 
:nse Finding that Shis for- 

200 yards from it, I opened a very brisk fire, play- 
it her, that the scheme of humanity for the civiliza- ling upon the enemy with the muskets and rifles when- 
tion of these great tribes of indians has failed ? lever they shewed themselves beyond it; this was t 

There is v .v little doubt but that the same kind I kept up, with short interruptions, for about two j 
of war will to be carried on against the north (hours, when a part of the indian force, and captain 1 
western indians. When beaten, they were spared ; ItusseH's and lieutenant Bean's companies of spies, ! 
when hungry, we fed them; when naked, we clothed 
them — and now, existing through these extensions 
of charity, they are about to bury the tomahawk in 
the heads of their preservers, instigated by mag?iani-\ihey then advanced with great gallantry towards 
mous Englishmen! — The. lenient policy has been fairly j the breastwork, and commenced a spirited fire upon 
tried, decisive measures alone remain to secure our j 
frontiers from the ravages of a people that no sense 
of justice controub», of mercy influences, or of gra- 
titude confines. 

Millmgevjlle, April 2, 1814. 
T'ne ft/llovoblg very important despatch from general 

Jackson to general IHnckney, has this moment been 

received by governor Early — this last battle decides 

the Jute of the Creek indians. 

Head-quarters, 6tli ant! 7tli districts, 

Fort Hawkins, April 2, 1814. 

Sir — [ have the honor of enclosing to your excel- 
lency the official ace .. .t of a decisive victory over 
the hostile Creek induois, achieved by the military 
talents and enterprize of general Jackson, supported 
-by the distinguished valor and good conduct of the 

g mat \ nis lorce, notwithstanding the brave- 
ry they displayed, was wholly insufficient to dislodge 
them, and that general Coffee had entirely secured 
the opposite bank of the river, I now determined to 
take their works by storm. The men by whom this 
was to be effected had been waiting with impatience 
to receive their order, and hailed it with accla- 

The spirit which animated them was a sure augury 
of the success which was to follow. The history of 
warfare furnishes few instances of a more brilliant 
attack — the regulars led on by their intrepid and 
skilful commander, col. Williams, and by the gal- 
lant major Montgomery, soon gained possession of 
the woi'ks in the midst of a most tremendous fire 

gallant troops under his command: While the sigh -^ Ti ? Tfi ,\Y - r v T* \ZJtM 

?.r l, ,,„-.„.,;f., ,.,. n ^ ,...^ r... 4.K- ~. A w • ° *• irom behind them, and the militia of the venerably 

of humanity will escape for this profuse effusion of 
human blood, which results from the savage princi- 
ple of our enemy, neither to give nor accept quar- 
ter — and while every American will deeply lament 
the loss of our meritorious fellow soldiers who have 
fallen in this contest, we have ample cause of gra- 
titude to the Giver of all victory for thus continuing- 
his protection of our women and children, who 
would otherwise he exposed to the indiscriminate} 
have ■■■ of the tomahawk and all the ho s rors of savage 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your ex- 
cellency's most obedient servant, 


Jfaj. Gen. U. S. Army. 
His excellency governor "Early. 

On tlic battleground, in tlie bend of tbe 

Tallapoosie, 28t!i March, 1814. 
*1 /'//'. CJen. Pinckney. 

Sin— I feel peculiarly happy in being able to com- 
m'unicite to \ou the fortunate eventration of my ex- 

gen. Doherty's brigade, accompanied, them in the 
charge, with a vivacity and firmness that would have 
done honor to regulars. The enemy were complete- 
ly routed. Five hundred and fifty-seven were left 
dead on the peninsula, and a great number of them 
were killed by the horsemen in attempting to cross 
the river ; it is believed that no more than ten had 

The fighting continued with some severity about 
five hours, but we continued to destroy many of them 
who had concealed themselves under the banks of 
the river until we were prevented by the night. This 
morning we killed 16 which had been concealed. — 
We took 250 prisoners, all women and children ex- 
cept two or three. Our loss is 106 wounded and 26 
killed. Major Mlutosh [the Cowetan] who joined 
my army with part of his tribe, greatly distinguish- 
ed himself. When I get an hour's leisure I will send 
you a more detailed account. 

According to my original purpose, I commenced 



WW return march to fbrt WUtfams to-day, am] shall, 
if I find supplies there, hasten to the Hickory 
ground. The power of the Creeks is, 1 think, forevei 

I send you a hasty sketch, taken by the eye, of the 
situation on which the enemy were encamped, and 
of the manner in which I approached them. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, your 
•bedient servant, 

Major-general rinckney. 

@°Py °f a letter from mqjor- general Wilkinson to the 

secretary of war, dated 

Province of Lower Canada, Odell Town, March 31st, 1814. 

Snt — We have had an affair with the enemy, in 
which our troops have given him another test of 
firmness and valor. 

Pursuant to the designs communicated to you in 
my last, and to accomplish your views if in my pow- 
er, I entered Canada yesterday morning, and was 
met by the enemy near this place about 11 o'clock, 
whom we forced at every point of attack on the 
route to La Colle, distant from hence one league, and 
from St. John's six. We readied the former post 
about three o'clock, and found there a strong corps 
in possession of a spacious loftv stone mill, of which 
I hid received some information An eighteen pound- 
er had been ordered forward to effect the destruction 
of this building, but it broke down, and after being 
repaired, the only road of approach through a deep 
forest was reported to be impracticable to a gun of 
such, weight. An opinion prevailed at the same time 
with the chief engineer, major Totten, founded on 
intelligence previously received, snd several of the 
best informed officers, that an iron twelve would 
suffice to make a breach ; but after a fair and tedi- 
ous experiment, at three hundred yards distance on- 
ly, it Was discovered our battery could make no im- 

Brigadier-generals Smith and Bissel covered our 
guns, and brigadier-general Macomb, with a select 
corps, formed the reserve. The enemy had been re- 
ported, from a source considered strictly confiden- 
tial to two thousand five hundred strong, and his 
first attack of my right favored the report from the 
use he made of Congreve rockets and other indica- 
tions of deliberate preparation; the corps, therefore, 
were held in high order to receive his combined at- 
tack - . y et believing in the efficacy of our batter}', 
dispositions had been made to intercept the enemy 
should he evacuate the post, and to give it the ut- 
most effect, we were obliged to take ground near the 
margin of the field which encompassed the mill. 
During the cannonade, which was returned with vi- 
vacity by the enemy's gallies (I presume) several 
sorties and desperate charges were made from the 
mill upon our battery, which were repulsed with in- 
credible coolness by the covering corps, at the ex- 
pense of some blood and some lives on both sides : 
it is reported to me that in the last charge a captain 
of grenadiers and fifteen men fell together, but I 
cannot vouch for the fact Finding all our attempts 
to make a breach unsuccessful, I withdrew the bat- 
tery, called in my detachments, and having removed 
our dead and wounded and eyevy thing else, fell 
back to this place about six o'clock. 

Where a military corps appears to be universally 
animated by the same sensibilities, where the only 
competition is for danger and glory, individual dis- 
tinctions seem improper except in extraordinary 
cases, such as the conduct of the officers who com- 
manded our battery yesterday. Captain M'Pherson, 
Ot the light artillery (my military secretary) impel- 
led by the noble spirit which marks his whole ca- 
j'?Pr, asked permission to take part in the operations 

of the day with his proper arm ; he WAS indulged 
and being first for command took charge of the 
pieces which followed the advance and formed our 
battery, in which lie was seconded bj lieutenants 
Carrabee and Sheldon. On opening his fire he seem- 
ed inclined to the opinion he could make an impres- 
sion on the work, but he soon received a wound un- 
der the chin, which he tied up with his handkerchief 
and continued at his piece until a second shot, which 
broke his thigh, brought him to the earth. Larrabee 
had kept his station until shot through the lungs, 
and Sheldon kept up the lire until ordered to retire. 
The conduct of these gentlemen has, from the na- 
ture of their duties been so conspicuously gallant as 
to attract, the admiration of their brethren in arms, 
and should (1 humbly conceive) be distinguished by 
tlie executive. 

I have sent forward my wounded who can bear the 
movement to Plattsburg or Burlington, and those 
who cannot will be provided for at Champlain. 

I would hold this position until I receive furtffefc 
orders, were it not for the difficulty of transporting 
our provisions and the impossibility to cover the 
troops ; but I shall not retire further than Champlain, 
which will place us twenty-five miles from St. John's 
and forty-two from Montreal. 

I cannot close Ishis letter without confessing my 
obligations to. my general and field officers, and to 
my general staff of every grade for the able and 
prompt support I received" from them. So small an 
affair does not merit so tedious a detail, but it war- 
rants the remark that it will produce a degree of 
self confidence, of reciprocal! trust, of harmony and 
friendly attachments in this corps highly beneficial 
to the service. It is a lesson of command to the 
officers, and of obedience to the soldier, worth a 
whole year's drill of empty parades. 

The returns of killed and wounded have not yet 
been furnished, but they will not exceed 80 or 90, 
including a captain and 4 subalterns, and this shall 
be forwarded to-morrow or next day. Fpr the in- 
formation of their friends, you have at foot the names 
of the wounded officers. 

With great, respect, Sic. 

Names of officers -wounded. 

Captain M'Pherson, lieutenant Larrabce, light ar- 

Lt. Green, 11th infantrv. 

Lt. Parker, -\ 4th do. . 

Lt. Kerr, rifle regiment. 
The honorable secretary at ivar. 

On the above the National Intelligencer says 

"We are authorised to state that general Wilkinson's 
late movement was not pursuant to the views of the 
war department. These views (or orders) advised 
him to seize and hold a given position on lake 
Champlain, and a dmonished him against an inclusion 
into Canada." 

The following is the general order issued by 
general Wilkmson, the morning after the affair at La 
Colle Mill : 

Head-Quarters, Odell Town,- Province of Lower C ■ 
Mavtlt v 

General order. — The affair of yesterd- 
rable to the troops, and gives them at 
thanks of the general and their country 
stancy and courage exhibited under a •-. 
galling fire of the enemy, were exem 
would have done credit to the oldest ; 
world. Where every officer and even 
the same firmness and intrepidity, the. 
that it would be invidious to pan c 
advance under colonel Clark and maj -t 

corps under brigadier-generals Srnit* U 


beat the enemy at every point of attack, and repulsed 
several desperate charges on out- artillery — and the 
select corps under brigadier-general Macomb, who 
were panting for the combat, if there had been oc 
casion for their services, would have displayed 
equal valor. Every man and officer, and every mem 
ber of the general staff, manifested the utmost 
promptitude and decision. The conduct of captain 
M'Pherson and his seconds, lieutenants Larrabee 
and Sheldon, who commanded the battery, was so 
conspicuously gallant, that the army will excuse the 
general for designating them. The first kept his 
post until brought to the ground by a second shot, 
the second tin til he was grievoasly wounded, and 
the third behaved with the utmost intrepidity and 
maintained his ground until ordered to bring out the 

Let the meritorious dead be collected and bu 
ried with the honors of war in the same grave — let 
the wounded be cherished with the utjnost tender- 
ness, and removed to the hospitals in the rear, and 
let the troops be immediately completed to sixty 
rounds of ammunition, and held perfectly ready to 
meet the enemy, should he venture to advance. 

The affair at La Colle. — By a singular mistake, we 
omitted to notice this affair in the last Rkgisteh, 
and, indeed, if our duty as faithful chroniclers per- 
mitted, we would willingly permit it to pass into 
oblivion. But it is right we should notice some 
things that do not appear in the official despatch. 

The cacoethes scribendi again rages with singular 
violence in the army! We had hoped this disgrace- 
ful disease had been cured by discipline; but, to use 
a vulgar saying, it has "broke out in a fresh place" 
with symptoms fatal to gallons of ink and hundreds 
of goose quills! If all the relations that have ap- 
peared of this petty business were gathered and 
inserted in one long string, the appearance would 
terrify us. 

As enough has been said, it may be thought that 
we also had better dismiss the subject; and so we 
shall with a few very brief remarks, (collected from 
the mass of matter alluded to) by way of memo- 
randums ; 

The enemy fired a number of Congreve rockets, 
they had no effect. Our troops appear, on all occa- 
sions to have exhibited all the firmness of courage 
that distinguishes our seamen — the British official 
account [we are told] says they had 11 killed, andi. 
47 wounded; and reduces the whole force in action 
to less than 500 men. Lieut. Parker, of the 14th I 
U. S. infantry, has died of his wounds; report says J 
that lieut's. Larabee and Green are also deceased. — 
Our loss is stated at 8 killed and 66 wounded. It is 
understood, that the object of the movement into 

ielto wn was as well for a diversion in favor of our 
operations in the west, as to have commanded the 
Sorel river. Our force under the command of gen. 
Wilkinson was between 3 and 4,000 men; and they 
did not take a mill ! It appears also that l hey miss- 
ed the road that should have led them to their object! 
— What avails the courage of the men, which is equal 
to any thing, with such blind guides? 

The following anecdotes are interesting: Lieut. 
Parker was wounded by a random shot; he fell, and 
the sword dropped from his grasp— 4ie desired that 
it might be given him, for he would defend himself. 

1 \". survived his wounds for several days and express- 
ed -• Hiort sincere and heartfelt regret, that he had 
r>' fallen in close action: " hard is my lot, he ex- 
- : i ::n;d, that I should have received this wound at 

distance from the enemy, and where 1 was 
.. holly inactive." 

t. J,arabee y when som? persons were pitying 
fortune asked "have you never seen a man 

die?" as he passed to the rear of the field he met 
some of his brother offirers, and addressed then* 

with "good bye, my friends, they have hit me." i 

Capt. Jlacpherson being borne from the field, sever-. 
al officers of the army offered their personal services, 
to carry him to Piatt shurg, 21 miles; he paused a 
few moments and then replied, "I thank the gentle- 
men for the interest and regard they have manifested 
in this kind offer, but I shall be sufficiently honored 
when they bear me to my grave."— He is "on the re- 
covery. Gen. Wilkinson seems to have exposed his 
life with great prodigality. By a Aug that came in, 
it appears the British officer enquired what person. 
it was they had so repeatedly fired at, who it seems 
was the general. The private soldiers wounded and 
bleeding manifested the firmness of the American 
character — "never mind it, (says one) I'll give them 
another fight" — another said, "Give it to them my 
boys, never flinch," he. &c. With sitch materials, 
what might not be expected, if we had the needful 
military knowledge and circumspection ? 
Extract of a letter from major-general Pinckney, tq 
his excellency the governor of Georgia, dated, 

Fort Hawkins, 20th Feb. 1814. 
Since I had the honor of addressing you on the, 
27th January — I have received your excellency's let- 
ters of the 31st of January and 9th of this month. 
Nothing could exceed the zeal and alacrity of the 
South-Carolina militia in volunteering their services,, 
and proceeding to this place, without either tents^ 
or arms, and furnished-only with the scanty supply 
of camp equippage, which colonel Earle was ena- 
bled suddenly to collect. — By the indefatigable acti- 
vity and judicious conduct of this officer in bringing 
the troops forward so expeditiously, the public ser- 
vice has been materially benefitted; which you Will 
be able more justly to appreciate, when you are infl 
formed that without this timely arrival we should 
probably have been compelled to abandon our ad*; 
vanced post at Fort Hull, 130 miles from this fron- 
tier, and to have fallen back to the Chatahouche,. 
thereby relinquishing a tract of country 45 miles iu 
extent, and exposing the frontier inhabitants to the 
depredations of the savages, encouraged by this re- 

I knew the penury of our magazine in Charleston, 
and was aware of the delay which must aitend the 
equipment of this corp, resulting from the army 
regulation which directs all requisitions to be for- 
warded to the war office and approved before execu- 
ted, by the purchasing department. I therefore re- 
quested your excellency's aid in these equipments. 
It is with pleasure I acknowledge your ready com- 
pliance therewith, and the prompt arrangment 
made for the march of the troops, which I have re- 
presented in its proper place as a patriotic exertion, 
and consider it is a personal obligation. 
The British papers say that the Essex frigate had 
put i«to Lima, having taken upwards of thirty 
British vessels, among them fifteen south-sea 

The London papers have accounts of the capture 
the President by the Majestic, commodore Iiodgcvs 
being killed! 

The United States' sloop of war Peacock, captain 
Warrington, has arrived at St. Mary's, where sl>e 
landed a quantity of government stores (munitions 
of war) and was to sail again immediately on a 
cruize. The Peacock was chased several times l>y 
ships of the line and frigates, on her passage, all of 
which she out sailed. 

Our squadron at J\*eiv- London have been moved up 
the river as far as the depth of the water would 
allow, where the United States and Macedonia 



lave been dismantled. Commodore Decatur with 
lis officers and crew goes to the President frigate, 
t New-York; captain Jones with his officers and 
■i-ew to the lakes; and the vessels appear to be left 
n charge of captain Middle. Commodore Rodgers, 
with his officers and crew will go to the new frigate 
fhterriere, at Philadelphia. 

Two of our new vessels had been launched at 
Sackett's Harbor anterior to the 7th inst. and would 
soon be ready for the lake; which the ice had not 
left at that date. 

The Ontario fleet, now preparing, when complete, 
will consist of 

1 ship carrying 64 guns 

1 do. 30 

1 do. 28 

3 brigs 26 


1 do. 

4 schooners ,2 each 


174 guns. 

The Champlain flotilla does not appear to be in the 
lesired forwardness. The brig to carry 20 guns, 
building at Vergennes, was launched [we suppose] 
dn fie 2nd inst. but from the state of the enemy's 
vessels, it is feared they may get the command of 
the lake; if so, its whole shores will be ravaged. — 
Ours are in Otter creek, and the governor (if Vermont 
hAs detached a body of militia for their defence; and 
batteries have been erected. The prospect in this 
qu rter is gloomy, as things, at present, are said to be. 

(£j=The'"British flotilla is on the lake. 

The privateer Expedition, of Baltimore, have sail- 
ed from Bordeaux on a cruiee. 
" The Constitution frigate has arrived at Boston 
from Salem — she was received with nine hearty 

The British whale ship Georgiana, of 22 guns, in 
charge of lieut. Wilson, prize to the U. S. frigate 
Essex, has been recaptured on George's bank, and 
arrived at Halifax. 

The burning at Saybrook. — We have a list of the 
vessels destroyed by the enemy at Saybrook, (Con.) 
on Good Friday last, which Was also the day of the 
general fast in Connecticut — there were four ships, 
four brigs, four schooners and nine sloops, owned in 
New-York, Hartford, Middleton and Pettipague, and 
supposed to have been worth 150,000 dollars. Fur- 
ther than as it affected the vessels, the conduct of 
the British appears to have been praise-worthy, and 
very unlike the barbarisms of the Chesapeake. As 
Usual, this destruction is cast upon the head of the 
government; but "who is to blame" appears in the 
following account of the affair: 

Nkw-Havex, April 13. 
British depredation on the Connecticut viver. 

We learn from Lyme, that on Thursday night a 
number of British barges (said to contain about 220 
men,) entered the mouth of Connecticut river, pass- 
ed up 7 or 8 miles, and came on shove at a part of 
Saybrook, called Pattypaug, where they destroyed 
from 25 to 27 sail of vessels, many of which were 
new and valuable, belonging to gentlemen in New 
York. Among the number it is said were -two new 
letter of marque built schooners. Prom the best 
accounts we can gather from the various rumors, it 
appears that the British continued their excursions 
the whole. of Friday, and passed out of the river on 
the following evening ! During that day the militia 
Collected from all quarters, some say to the number 
of 1000, with six field pieces. General Williams 
came from New London, and under authority of the 
state of Connecticut, assumed the command of them. 
We are told that he sent a flag to the enemy demand- 
ing their surrender— to which an answer" wWs return- 

ed, that thty had not thus far met with any resis- 
tance in passing up the river, and did not fear the 
consequences of an attack, and that if any resist' 
ance was made, thty would come on shore and buro 
the village. It is allowed by all, that every man of 
the enemy might easily have been killed or taken, 
our militia having collected on both sides of the ri- 
ver in such numbers as to prevent the possibility of 
their esc. tpe — but strange as it may appear, general 
Williams ordered the militia not to fire a gun, en- 
couraging them that by some signal manoeuvre he 
Would accomplish the capture of the enemy without 
the shedding of blood. At this time an officer with 
150 sailors and marines from New London had ar- 
rived; but nothing could be done by them or the 
militia without the orders of the patriotic general, 
whose wavering dilatory disposition seemed only to 
shew in him a willingness to let. our friends depart 
in peace. The enemy were innocently followed 
down by the militia near to the mouth of the river, 
when a few guns were fired upon them, to which 
they returned three hearty cheers and passed off. 


A salute fired by the enemy's squadron in the 
Chesapeake some days ago, was supposed to have 
announced the arrival of admiral Cochrane, but was 
occasioned by the promotion of admiral Cockburn 
from vice admiral of the blue to the white. The* 
ruffian will be anxious' to deserve this distinction 
by some act of great atrocity and meanness, or we 
much mistake his character. 

Capt. Baker, of the sloop Swallow, of Baltimore, 
being chased into St. Jerome's creek, by a British 
barge, with 16 men, with small arms and a 4 poun- 
der in her bow, left his vessel, and being joined on 
the shore by two of the inhabitants, having/ewr mus- 
kets in all, commenced a fire upon the enemy; and 
though he had got possession ©f the sloop, compelled 
him to abandon her, with the loss of two killed, 
one of them supposed to be an officer. 

On Friday last a 74 and a tender were off Annapo- 
lis — but they dropped down to Sharp's Island the 
next day. They have "met with the rubbers" in 
many little excursions; but have caught and burn 
a few vessels, venturing too much. It does not ap- 
pear that they have any land troops. 

On Sunday Inst the flotilla, consisting of aeutterj 
two gun boats, a galley, and 9 great barges, carry- 
ing about guns and — < — men, and plenty of 

small arms, under the command of the gallant com- 
modore Barney, sailed from Baltimore, and proceed- 
ed down the bay. We trust that they will consider, 
ably check the depredations of the enemy, in the 
upper parts of the bay, for which they are appointed*' 

List of Laws 

Passed at the second session of the thirteenth congress. 

An act laying an embargo on all ships and vessels 
in the ports and harbors of the United Sates. 

An act to amend the act, entitled "An act laying 
duties on sales at auction of merchandise, and of 
ships and vessels." 

An act making partial appropriations for the year 

An act making appropriations for the support of 
the military establishment of the United States for 
the year 1814. 

An act making appropriations for the support of 
the navy of ihe United States for the year 1814. 

An act for giving further time to purchasers -of 
public lands to complete their payments. 

An act grs ing pensions to the orphans and widows 
of persons slain in the public or private armeu *es- 
«£ls of the United Suites. 


An act to authorise the issuing of treasury notes 

.been or may hereafter be taken by tbe land and naval 

fur the service of the United Ststes. 

An act to provide for the return to their own dis- 
tricts of vessels other than those where they are 
respectively owned or belong". 

An act to authorise a loan for a sum not exceeding 
twenty-five millions of dollars. 

An "act making appropriations for the support of 
government for the year 1814. 

An act to continue in force "An act to raise ten 
additional companies of rangers." 

An act to authorise the president to receive into 
the service certain volunteer corps. 

An act to raise three regiments of riflemen. 
An act making further provision for filling the 
ranks of the regular army, encouraging enlistments, 
and authorising the re-enlistments, for longer pe- 
riods, of men whose terms of service are about to 

An act to amend the seventh section of the act, 
entitled "An act to lay and collect a direct tax with- 
in the United States." 

Ah act for the relief of Mary Cheever. 
Resolution expressive of the sense of congress of 
the gallant conduct of Oliver H. Perry, the officers, 
seamen, marines and infantry acting as such on board 
of his squadron. 

Resolution relative to the brilliant achievment of 
lieutenants Burrows and M'Call 

An act authorising the president of the United 
States to cause certain regiments therein mentioned, 
to be enlisted for the term of live years, or during 
the war. 

An act authorising the president of the United 
States to grant certain permissions, to the inhabitants 
of the island of Nantucket. 

An act in addition to an act, entitled "An act al- 
lowing a bounty to the owners, officers and crews of 
the private armed vessels of the United States." 

An act providing for trhe indemnification of cer- 
tain claimants of public land in the Mississippi ter- 

An act for the better organizing, paying* and sup- 
plying the army of the United States. 

Au act authorising the president of the United 
States to cause to ba built, equipped and employed 
one or more floating batteries for the defence of the 
waters of .the United States. 

An act to repeal an act, entitled "an act laying an 
embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and har- 
bors of the United States," &c. 

An act for the relief of David Porter, Ids officers 
and crews. 

An act authorising an augmentation of the marine 
corps and for other purposes. 

An act authorising the appointment of certain of- 
ficers for the fiotilla service. 

An act fixing the time for the next meeting of con- 

An act in addition to the act, entitled "an. act to 
provide for calling forth the militia tT execute the 
laws of the union, suppress insurrections, and re- 
pel invasions, and to repeal the act now in. force for 
those purposes." 

An act granting pensions to officers and seamen 
serving on board of revenue cutters, in certain 

An act concerning the pay of officers, seamen and 
marines in the navy of the United States. 

An act authorising a subscription to the laws of 
the United Stittes and for tbe distribution thereof. 

An act authorising the purchase of the vessels 
captured on lake Erir. 

An act to provide for the collection andpreserv 

forces of the United, States, from their enemies. 

An act to lessen the compens